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Casey O'Connor, Yvonne Braun, Sjoerd P F T Nota, Timothy Baloda, David Ring
Background: Variation in pain intensity and magnitude of disability among patients with musculoskeletal illness is largely accounted for by variations in symptoms of depression, catastrophic thinking, and heightened illness concern. It is possible that patients with greater stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies might be more likely to seek the use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA). This study addressed the primary null hypothesis that there are no demographic, illness-related, or psychological factors associated with CHA use among patients with upper extremity illness...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Darija Mahović, Fanika Mrsić
Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Understanding the role of the immune system in psoriasis and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune system has helped to manage this complex disease, which affects patients far beyond the skin changes themselves (2). In addition to the usual and widely accepted methods of treatment of psoriasis, including topical therapies, phototherapy, and conventional and biological systemic therapies, data can be found in the literature that suggest a favorable effect of acupuncture on the course of psoriasis (4,5)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Zhishun Liu, Shiyan Yan, Jiani Wu, Liyun He, Ning Li, Guirong Dong, Jianqiao Fang, Wenbin Fu, Lixin Fu, Jianhua Sun, Linpeng Wang, Shun Wang, Jun Yang, Hongxing Zhang, Jianbin Zhang, Jiping Zhao, Wei Zhou, Zhongyu Zhou, Yanke Ai, Kehua Zhou, Jia Liu, Huanfang Xu, Yuying Cai, Baoyan Liu
Background: Acupuncture has been used for chronic constipation, but evidence for its effectiveness remains scarce. Objective: To determine the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) for chronic severe functional constipation (CSFC). Design: Randomized, parallel, sham-controlled trial. ( NCT01726504). Setting: 15 hospitals in China. Participants: Patients with CSFC and no serious underlying pathologic cause for constipation...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Joana Almeida
This article analyses strategies of closure recently enacted by complementary and alternative medicine practitioners in order to achieve occupational control over work domains in healthcare, taking Portugal as an example. A combination of the neo-Weberian occupational closure theory of the professions and Abbott's jurisdictional vacancy theory is proposed as the framework for analysis. Acupuncture and homeopathy will be presented as case studies. Data are derived from in-depth interviews with 10 traditional acupuncturists and 10 traditional homeopaths...
September 2016: Health (London)
Yu Lee Park, Ching Wen Huang, Yui Sasaki, Youme Ko, Sunju Park, Seong-Gyu Ko
CONTEXT: China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan have developed modernized education systems in traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an overview of the education systems in these countries and compare them. METHODS: Data were collected through the websites of government agencies, universities, and relevant organizations. RESULTS: These countries have systemically developed basic medical education (BME), postgraduate medical education (PGME), and continuing medical education (CME) in traditional medicine...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Felicity L Bishop, George T Lewith
OBJECTIVES: To explore how patients conceptualise acupuncturists, the meanings ascribed to the therapeutic relationship and valued therapeutic behaviours. DESIGN: Qualitative study. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews explored patients' experiences of acupuncture. A diverse sample of 35 participants took part; they had used acupuncture for a variety of predominantly chronic conditions. Inductive thematic analysis was used to identify themes. SETTING: Southern England...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Paola Urroz, Ben Colagiuri, Caroline A Smith, Alan Yeung, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of acupuncture administered immediately following a graded exercise test (GXT) on physiological measures of recovery and determine if instruction (expectancy) affected the responses. METHODS: A balanced-placebo 2 × 2 factorial design was used with treatment (real vs placebo acupuncture) and instruction (told real vs told placebo acupuncture) as factors; a no-treatment control group was also included to compare the treatment responses to no treatment...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Maria T Clark, Richard J Clark, Shane Toohey, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture shows promise as a treatment for plantar heel pain (PHP) or plantar fasciitis (PF), but data heterogeneity has undermined demonstration of efficacy. Recognising that acupuncture is a diverse field of practice, the aim of this study was to gain a broader, global perspective on the different approaches and rationales used in the application of acupuncture in PHP. METHODS: We built upon an earlier systematic review (which was limited by the necessity of a methodological focus on efficacy) using the critical interpretive synthesis (CIS) method to draw upon a wider international sample of 25 clinical sources, including case reports and case series...
July 7, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Sueli Leiko Takamatsu Goyatá, Carolina Costa Valcanti Avelino, Sérgio Valverde Marques Dos Santos, Deusdete Inácio de Souza Junior, Maria Dorise Simão Lopes Gurgel, Fábio de Souza Terra
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the scientific evidence that is available in the literature on the effects of acupuncture for treating anxiety and on the quality of such studies. METHOD: the study is an integrative review of CINAHL, LILACS, PUBMED-PICO, SciELO, and The Cochrane Library between 2001 and 2014. Keywords anxiety, acupuncture therapy, acupuncture, and anxiety disorders were combined among themselves to ensure a wide search of primary studies. RESULTS: among 514 articles, 67 were selected to be fully read and 19 were included...
June 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Masanori Takashi, Yoshinobu Nakada, Katsuhiko Arai, Makoto Arai
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture and moxibustion are categories of Japanese traditional medicine (Kampo). Precise teaching of Kampo is one of the important issues in medical education, and therefore acupuncture and moxibustion education has been applied to students in Tokai University School of Medicine. To investigate and compare the awareness the medical students have of acupuncture and moxibustion before and after the education, we conducted questionnaire surveys. METHODS: The questionnaires were distributed to 117 fourth-year students before and after the education...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Xiaobin Ge, Guangzhong Du, Daozheng Tian
Mr ZHENG Yugui, a distinguished acupuncturist in Qilu area, is one of the successors of Chengjiang acupuncture school in Shandong province. Through collecting the papers and works concerning Mr ZHENG, the academic thoughts are summarized, including careful and clear differentiation of syndrome, specific and precise selection of acupoints, reinforcing and reducing methods based on qi, and gentle and soft manipulation of needles. He has discovered new acupoints such as Fengyan point, etc. He also focuses on moxibustion and creates Taiyang moxibustion method...
March 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Ke Qiu, Miaomiao Jing, Ruirui Sun, Jie Yang, Xiaoyan Liu, Zhaoxuan He, Shuai Yin, Ying Lan, Shirui Cheng, Feifei Gao, Fanrong Liang, Fang Zeng
Using neuroimaging techniques to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture gains increasing attention, but the quality control of acupuncture-neuroimaging study remains to be improved. We searched the PubMed Database during 1995 to 2014. The original English articles with neuroimaging scan performed on human beings were included. The data involved quality control including the author, sample size, characteristics of the participant, neuroimaging technology, and acupuncture intervention were extracted and analyzed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Michael Armour, Hannah G Dahlen, Caroline A Smith
Background. Primary dysmenorrhea is a common gynaecological condition. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) acupuncturists commonly treat primary dysmenorrhea and dispense specific self-care advice for this condition. The impact of self-care advice on primary dysmenorrhea is unknown. Methods. 19 TCM acupuncture practitioners from New Zealand or Australia and 12 New Zealand women who had recently undergone acupuncture treatment for primary dysmenorrhea as part of a randomised controlled trial participated in this qualitative, pragmatic study...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Katherine Bradbury, Miznah Al-Abbadey, Dawn Carnes, Borislav D Dimitrov, Susan Eardley, Carol Fawkes, Jo Foster, Maddy Greville-Harris, J Matthew Harvey, Janine Leach, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Lisa Roberts, Laura Parry, Lucy Yardley, Felicity L Bishop
INTRODUCTION: Components other than the active ingredients of treatment can have substantial effects on pain and disability. Such 'non-specific' components include: the therapeutic relationship, the healthcare environment, incidental treatment characteristics, patients' beliefs and practitioners' beliefs. This study aims to: identify the most powerful non-specific treatment components for low back pain (LBP), compare their effects on patient outcomes across orthodox (physiotherapy) and complementary (osteopathy, acupuncture) therapies, test which theoretically derived mechanistic pathways explain the effects of non-specific components and identify similarities and differences between the therapies on patient-practitioner interactions...
2016: BMJ Open
Ding Zhi Wei, Shi Yu, Zhang Yongqiang
Context • As a critical concept in acupuncture, acupuncture points, or acupoints for short, are currently believed to be 3-dimensional structures composed of skin, muscles, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and other special tissues. No known specific tissue or organ has been confirmed to be an acupoint. However, from a microsurgeon's point of view, a special vascular structure exists around each acupoint (ie, perforators or arterioles of 0.3-1.5 mm that pierce deeply through the fascia). Objective • The current research team investigated the theory that perforators are the anatomical basis of acupoints...
March 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Han Shuang, Kong Yichun
Perforating globe injury is the leading cause of monocular blindness and vision loss. A 58-year-old male was injured by acupuncture needle during acupuncture treatment for his cerebral infarction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of perforating injury of the eyeball and traumatic cataract caused by acupuncture. The patient was hospitalized due to diagnosis of perforating ocular injury, traumatic cataract, and corneal and iris perforating injury. Moreover, he had to accept treatments of phacoemulsification, anterior vitrectomy along with intraocular lens implantation in the sulcus to improve his visual acuity...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Carole Fisher, Jon Adams, Louise Hickman, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort and to detail the pattern of complementary and alternative (CAM) use adopted by women for the treatment of these symptoms. METHODS: Data from the 2012 national Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH) cross-sectional survey of 7427 women aged 34-39 years were analysed to estimate the prevalence of endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular or heavy periods and severe dysmenorrhoea and to examine the association between their symptoms and their visits to CAM practitioners as well as their use of CAM therapies and products in the previous 12 months...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Maria T Chao, Alexandra Chang, Sanjay Reddy, James D Harrison, Joseph Acquah, Miria Toveg, Trilce Santana, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND: Effective pain management among hospitalized patients is an important aspect of providing quality care and achieving optimal clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. Common pharmacologic approaches for pain, though effective, have serious side effects and are not appropriate for all inpatients. Findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support the efficacy of acupuncture for many symptoms relevant to inpatients including postoperative pain, cancer-related pain, nausea and vomiting, and withdrawal from narcotic use...
May 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Vincent C H Chung, Benjamin H K Yip, Ellen L M Yu, Siya Liu, Robin S T Ho, Regina W S Sit, Albert W N Leung, Justin C Y Wu, Samuel Y S Wong
This study aims to examine the level of empathy perceived by patients receiving care from herbalists, acupuncturists and massage therapists and to investigate the factors that influence levels of perceived empathy.Participants who were 18 years or above; able to provide written informed consent; and able to read and write in Chinese without assistance were included. A total of 514 participants sampled from charity and semipublic Chinese medicine (CM) clinics in Hong Kong were recruited to assess levels of empathy perceived during various length of consultations (1-20 minutes) by the Chinese Consultation and Relational Empathy Measure (Chinese CARE)...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Steel, J Frawley, D Sibbritt, A Broom, J Adams
OBJECTIVES: This manuscript presents a preliminary examination of the characteristics of women who choose intrapartum hypnosis for pain management. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of 2445 women (31-36 years) from a sub-study of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), employing Fisher exact tests. SETTING: Australia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of intrapartum hypnosis, or hypnobirthing, for pain management during labour and birth...
April 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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