keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ventilation index

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146865/echocardiographic-changes-with-non-invasive-ventilation-and-cpap-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#1
Jaime Corral, Maria Victoria Mogollon, M-Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Javier Gómez de Terreros, Auxiliadora Romero, Candela Caballero, Joaquin Teran-Santos, María L Alonso-Álvarez, Teresa Gómez-García, Mónica González, Soledad López-Martínez, Pilar de Lucas, José M Marin, Odile Romero, Trinidad Díaz-Cambriles, Eusebi Chiner, Carlos Egea, Roberto M Lang, Babak Mokhlesi, Juan F Masa
RATIONALE: Despite a significant association between obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and cardiac dysfunction, no randomised trials have assessed the impact of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) or CPAP on cardiac structure and function assessed by echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: We performed a secondary analysis of the data from the largest multicentre randomised controlled trial of OHS (Pickwick project, n=221) to determine the comparative efficacy of 2 months of NIV (n=71), CPAP (n=80) and lifestyle modification (control group, n=70) on structural and functional echocardiographic changes...
November 16, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142373/a-pilot-study-of-nebulized-heparin-for-prevention-of-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-comparative-effects-with-an-inhaled-corticosteroid
#2
Farzin Ghiasi, Mohsen Sadeghian, Mohammad Emami, Babak Ali Kiaie, Sarah Mousavi
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is a side effect of mechanical ventilation. Lung inflammation and pulmonary activation of coagulation are induced by mechanical stress. Clinical and preclinical studies show that heparin possesses anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, we assessed the effects of nebulized heparin in VILI. Methods: Sixty critically ill adult patients who require mechanical ventilation for more than 48 h were included in this prospective, nonrandomized controlled study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141525/hyperacute-hemodynamic-effects-of-bipap-noninvasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-and-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-emergency-department
#3
Cinzia Moret Iurilli, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Paola Rita Di Corato, Giuseppe Salvemini, Matteo Di Biase, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Vito Procacci
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is one of the leading causes of admission to emergency department (ED); severe hypoxemic AHF may be treated with noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Despite the demonstrated clinical efficacy of NIV in relieving symptoms of AHF, less is known about the hyperacute effects of bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilation on hemodynamics of patients admitted to ED for AHF. We therefore aimed to assess the effect of BiPAP ventilation on principal hemodynamic, respiratory, pulse oximetry, and microcirculation indexes in patients admitted to ED for AHF, needing NIV...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140969/risk-factors-for-ventilator-associated-events-in-a-picu
#4
Raeley Guess, Jarin Vaewpanich, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Siriporn Phongjitsiri, Curtis Kennedy, Jeffrey Starke, Satid Thammasitboon
OBJECTIVE: The term ventilator-associated events includes ventilator-associated condition, infection-related ventilator-associated complication, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. We sought to identify potential new risk factors for ventilator-associated condition and infection-related ventilator-associated complication in the PICU population. DESIGN: Matched case control study. SETTING: Children's hospital at a tertiary care academic medical center...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135805/failure-of-invasive-airway-placement-on-the-first-attempt-is-associated-with-progression-to-cardiac-arrest-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-compromise
#5
Hannah R Stinson, Vijay Srinivasan, Alexis A Topjian, Robert M Sutton, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg, Tia T Raymond
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of acute respiratory compromise events in hospitalized pediatric patients progressing to cardiopulmonary arrest, and the clinical factors associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest. We hypothesized that failure of invasive airway placement on the first attempt (defined as multiple attempts at tracheal intubation, and/or laryngeal mask airway placement, and/or the creation of a new tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy) is independently associated with progression of acute respiratory compromise to cardiopulmonary arrest...
November 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134425/quick-reference-tidal-volume-cards-reduce-the-incidence-of-large-tidal-volumes-during-surgery
#6
Chirag K Shah, Angela Moss, William Henderson, Breandan Sullivan, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante
Ventilation with large tidal volumes (V T), greater than 10 ml/kg of predicted body weight (PBW), is associated with worse outcomes in critically ill and surgical patients. We hypothesized that the availability of quick reference cards with proposed V T ranges specific to gender and different heights would reduce the intraoperative use of large V T during prolonged abdominal surgery. We compared retrospectively the incidence of median V T used during prolonged (≥4-h-long) abdominal surgery before ("before") and after ("after") the quick reference V T cards were made available in all anesthesia machines in operating rooms of a single academic US medical center...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132057/predictors-of-hemodynamic-derangement-during-intubation-in-the-critically-ill-a-nested-case-control-study-of-hemodynamic-management-part-ii
#7
Nathan J Smischney, Mohamed O Seisa, Katherine J Heise, Robert A Wiegand, Kyle D Busack, Jillian L Deangelis, Theodore O Loftsgard, Darrell R Schroeder, Daniel A Diedrich
PURPOSE: Our primary aim was to identify predictors of immediate hemodynamic decompensation during the peri-intubation period. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study of a previously identified cohort of adult patients needing intubation admitted to a medical-surgical ICU during 2013-2014. Hemodynamic derangement was defined as cardiac arrest and/or the development of systolic blood pressure <90mmHg and/or mean arterial pressure <65mmHg 30min following intubation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128486/lower-dose-of-sufentanil-does-not-enhance-fast-track-significantly-a-randomized-study
#8
Rajesh Bhavsar, Pia Katarina Ryhammer, Jacob Greisen, Carl-Johan Jakobsen
OBJECTIVE: Adjustment in the doses of opioids has been a focus of interest for achieving better fast-track conditions in cardiac anesthesia, but relatively sparse information exists on the potential effect of psychologic and behavioral factors, such as stress, anxiety, and type of personality, on anesthesia requirements and patient turnover in the cardiac recovery unit (CRU); to the authors' knowledge, this particular focus has not been systematically investigated. In this randomized study, the authors tested the hypothesis that low-dose sufentanil, compared with a standard dose, can improve fast-track parameters and the overall quality of recovery...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122915/elevated-lung-clearance-index-in-infants-with-cystic-fibrosis-shortly-after-birth
#9
Elisabeth Kieninger, Sophie Yammine, Insa Korten, Pinelopi Anagnostopoulou, Florian Singer, Urs Frey, Anne Mornand, Maura Zanolari, Isabelle Rochat, Daniel Trachsel, Dominik Mueller-Suter, Alexander Moeller, Carmen Casaulta, Philipp Latzin
It is not known at what age lung function impairment may arise in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We assessed lung function shortly after birth in infants with CF diagnosed by newborn screening.We performed infant lung function measurements in a prospective cohort of infants with CF and healthy controls. We assessed lung clearance index (LCI), functional residual capacity (FRC) and tidal breathing parameters. The primary outcome was prevalence and severity of abnormal lung function (±1.64 z-scores) in CF...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121292/preadmission-statin-use-improves-the-outcome-of-less-severe-sepsis-patients-a-population-based-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#10
M G Lee, C-C Lee, C-C Lai, T-C Hsu, L Porta, M Lee, S-S Chang, K-L Chien, Y-M Chen
Background: Randomized controlled trials on the post-admission use of statins in sepsis patients have not shown a survival benefit. Whether preadmission use of statins would confer any beneficial effects in sepsis patients has not been well studied. Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study on a national health insurance claims database between 1999 and 2011. Sepsis patients were identified by ICD-9 codes compatible with the third International consensus definitions for sepsis...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121287/analgesia-nociception-index-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#11
G Chanques, T Tarri, A Ride, A Prades, A De Jong, J Carr, N Molinari, S Jaber
Background: Behavioural pain tools are used in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients unable to self-report their pain-intensity but need sustained efforts to educate and train the ICU team because of the subjective nature of these clinical tools. This study measured the validity and performance of an electrophysiological monitoring tool based on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability, the Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) which varies from 0 (minimal parasympathetic tone, maximal stress-response and pain) to 100 (maximal parasympathetic tone, minimal stress-response and pain)...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121081/intraoperative-ventilatory-leak-predicts-prolonged-air-leak-after-lung-resection-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
Won Ho Kim, Hyung-Chul Lee, Ho-Geol Ryu, Hyun-Kyu Yoon, Chul-Woo Jung
Prolonged air leak (PAL), defined as air leak more than 5 days after lung resection, has been associated with various adverse outcomes. However, studies on intraoperative risk factors for PAL are not sufficient. We investigated whether the intraoperative ventilatory leak (VL) can predict PAL. A retrospective study of 1060 patients with chest tubes after lung resection was conducted. Tidal volume data were retrieved from the electronic anesthesia records. Ventilatory leak (%) was calculated as [(inspiratory tidal volume-expiratory tidal volume)/ inspiratory tidal volume × 100] and was measured after restart of two-lung ventilation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118839/acute-angle-closure-glaucoma-a-potential-blind-spot-in-critical-care
#13
Anna Petsas, George Chapman, Richard Stewart
We report a case of a 69-year-old gentleman who developed an acutely painful eye with loss of visual acuity whilst on the critical care unit. He was admitted three days previously with an infective exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. In addition, he received intravenous antibiotics, steroids, nebulised bronchodilators and intravenous aminophylline, together with noradrenaline for blood pressure support. On development of visual symptoms, an emergency ophthalmology review diagnosed acute angle closure glaucoma...
August 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115949/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-nava-or-pressure-support-ventilation-psv-during-spontaneous-breathing-trials-in-critically-ill-patients-a-crossover-trial
#14
Juliana C Ferreira, Fabia Diniz-Silva, Henrique T Moriya, Adriano M Alencar, Marcelo B P Amato, Carlos R R Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a proportional ventilatory mode that uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) to offer ventilatory assistance in proportion to patient effort. NAVA has been increasingly used for critically ill patients, but it has not been evaluated during spontaneous breathing trials (SBT). We designed a pilot trial to assess the feasibility of using NAVA during SBTs, and to compare the breathing pattern and patient-ventilator asynchrony of NAVA with Pressure Support (PSV) during SBTs...
November 7, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113716/plethysmography-variability-index-for-prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-during-graded-haemorrhage-and-transfusion-in-sevoflurane-anaesthetized-mechanically-ventilated-dogs
#15
Yusuke Endo, Koudai Kawase, Taku Miyasho, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita, William W Muir
OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of plethysmography variability index (PVI) as a noninvasive indicator of fluid responsiveness in hypovolaemic dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Six adult healthy sevoflurane-anaesthetized Beagle dogs. METHODS: Dogs were anaesthetized with 1.3-fold their individual minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane. The lungs were mechanically ventilated after neuromuscular blockade with vecuronium bromide...
August 25, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108845/validation-of-the-age-adjusted-shock-index-using-pediatric-trauma-quality-improvement-program-data
#16
Andrew Nordin, Alan Coleman, Junxin Shi, Krista Wheeler, Henry Xiang, Shannon Acker, Denis Bensard, Brian Kenney
PURPOSE: In adults, shock index (SI; heart rate/systolic blood pressure) >0.9 predicts injury severity and trauma outcomes. However, age-adjusted shock index (SIPA) out-performs SI in blunt trauma patients 4-16years old. We sought to confirm these findings and expand this tool to include penetrating trauma and children aged 1-4years. METHODS: We developed cutoff values for patients 1-3years old using age-based vital signs and queried the 2014 Pediatric Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) database for patients aged 1-16years sustaining blunt or penetrating trauma...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106859/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-bardet-biedl-syndrome
#17
Jeffrey C Yeung, Umakanth A Katwa, Gi Soo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive ciliopathy, and obesity is among its defining characteristics. Consequently, the incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in this population is expected to be high. Due to its relative rarity, the nature of SDB in this population is poorly described. The objective of this study was to review a single institutional experience in the assessment and management of SDB in patients with BBS. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of tertiary care, academic pediatric hospital...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106315/the-paradox-of-end-of-life-hospital-treatment-intensity-among-black-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Amber E Barnato, Chung-Chou H Chang, Judith R Lave, Derek C Angus
OBJECTIVE: Black patients are more likely than white patients to die in the hospital with intensive care and life-sustaining treatments and less likely to use hospice. Regional concentration of high end-of-life (EOL) treatment intensity practice patterns may disproportionately affect black patients. We calculated and compared race-specific hospital-level EOL treatment intensity in Pennsylvania. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of Pennsylvania acute care hospital admissions, 2001-2007, among black and white admissions ≥21 years old at high probability of dying (HPD) (≥15% predicted probability of dying at admission)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100021/factors-associated-with-mortality-within-24h-of-liver-transplantation-an-updated-analysis-of-65-308-adult-liver-transplant-recipients-between-2002-and-2013
#19
Kyota Fukazawa, Ernesto A Pretto, Seigo Nishida, Jorge D Reyes, Edward Gologorsky
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Intracardiac and pulmonary thromboembolism (ICPTE), its risk factors and contribution to 24-hour mortality after adult liver transplantation for end-stage liver disease. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of Standard Transplant Analysis and Research electronic database files. SETTING: Perioperative. PATIENTS: Electronic files of 65,308 adult liver transplant recipients between 2002 and 2013 obtained from Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099443/association-of-response-to-inhaled-nitric-oxide-and-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#20
Jasmine C Dowell, Neal J Thomas, Nadir Yehya
OBJECTIVES: Literature regarding appropriate use of inhaled nitric oxide for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome is sparse. This study aims to determine if positive response to inhaled nitric oxide is associated with decreased mortality and duration of mechanical ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large pediatric academic medical center. PATIENTS OR SUBJECTS: One hundred sixty-one children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and inhaled nitric oxide exposure for greater than or equal to 1 hour within 3 days of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome onset...
November 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
43503
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"