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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756097/evaluation-of-stressors-in-intensive-care-units
#1
Yücel Gültekin, Zerrin Özçelik, Seda Banu Akıncı, Halil Kaya Yorgancı
Objective: Physical and psychological stressors adversely affect the treatment and length of stay of patients in intensive care units. In this study, we aimed to describe environmental and psychological stressors affecting intensive care unit patients and to determine their priorities. Material and Methods: In this study, the 40-item Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale was administered to patients in the General Surgery Intensive Care Unit and the Anesthesiology and Reanimation Intensive Care Unit...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721786/data-driving-methods-more-than-merely-trendy-buzzwords
#2
REVIEW
Julien Textoris, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Lara Zafrani, Antoine Guillon, Sébastien Gibot, Fabrice Uhel, Eric Azabou, Guillaume Monneret, Frédéric Pène, Nicolas de Prost, Stein Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721722/proceedings-of-r%C3%A3-animation-2018-the-french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-physiotherapists-communications
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706835/the-undead-in-culture-and-science
#4
Connie Nugent, Gilbert Berdine, Kenneth Nugent
The undead have a significant role in mythology, religion, folklore, and literature. In the 1800s, the word zombie was used to describe reanimated corpses in the Caribbean who often worked on plantations doing long, arduous field work. The movie White Zombie was released in 1932 and exploited this folklore, but it ignored the fact that zombies represent one outcome in Vodou religious beliefs regarding death and the migration of spirits following death. The interest in zombies eventually led to sociological and medical investigations into zombification...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706553/keeping-the-fat-on-the-right-spot-prevents-contour-deformity-in-temporalis-muscle-transposition
#5
Martinus M van Veen, Steven F S Korteweg, Pieter U Dijkstra, Paul M N Werker
The temporalis muscle transposition is a reliable, one-stage reanimation technique for longstanding facial paralysis. In the variation described by Rubin, the muscle is released from the temporal bone and folded over the zygomatic arch towards the modiolus. This results in unsightly temporal hollowing and zygomatic bulging. We present a modification of this technique, which preserves the temporal fat pad in its anatomical location as well as conceals temporal hollowing and prevents zygomatic bulging. The data of 23 patients treated with this modification were analysed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706465/-do-initial-experience-with-an-enhanced-recovery-program-after-surgery-eras-improve-postoperative-outcomes-after-cystectomy
#6
A Baldini, H Fassi Fehri, Y Cerantola, F Bayle, E Ravier, P Y Belot, N Arnouil, M Colombel, L Badet
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the feasibility and the impact of an ERAS program after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study comparing a historical pre ERAS group, including all the patients undergoing cystectomy for bladder cancer from January 2013 to December 2015 with a classic procedure, and an interventional ERAS group after introducing an enhanced recovery protocol before, during and after surgery, from February 2016...
April 26, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703972/critically-ill-allogenic-hsct-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-of-mortality
#7
Colombe Saillard, Michael Darmon, Magali Bisbal, Antoine Sannini, Laurent Chow-Chine, Marion Faucher, Etienne Lengline, Norbert Vey, Didier Blaise, Elie Azoulay, Djamel Mokart
Outcome of patients undergoing allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has improved. To investigate if this improvement can be transposed to the ICU setting, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess short-term mortality of critically ill allo-HSCT patients admitted to the ICU and to identify prognostic factors of mortality. Public-domain electronic databases, including Medline via PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched. All full-text articles written-English studies published from 2006 to 2016, including allo-HSCT adults transferred to the ICU were included...
April 27, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701919/electrophysiological-assessment-of-a-peptide-amphiphile-nanofiber-nerve-graft-for-facial-nerve-repair
#8
Jacqueline J Greene, Mark T McClendon, Nicholas Stephanopoulos, Zaida Álvarez, Samuel I Stupp, Claus-Peter Richter
Facial nerve injury can cause severe long-term physical and psychological morbidity. There are limited repair options for an acutely transected facial nerve not amenable to primary neurorrhaphy. We hypothesize that a peptide amphiphile nanofiber neurograft may provide the nanostructure necessary to guide organized neural regeneration. Five experimental groups were compared, animals with 1) an intact nerve, 2) following resection of a nerve segment, and following resection and immediate repair with either a 3) autograft (using the resected nerve segment), 4) neurograft, or 5) empty conduit...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697623/facial-reanimation-in-the-seventh-and-eighth-decades-of-life
#9
Austin Hembd, Bridget Harrison, Cynthia Souza Martins Rocha, Franklin de Souza Rocha, Khalil Chamseddin, Daniel Labbé, Alexander Cárdenas-Mejía, Shai M Rozen
BACKGROUND: Treatment of facial paralysis in the older population is often relegated to static rather than dynamic reanimation for fear of poor outcomes. This pervasive approach lacks physiologic foundation and is not evidence based. Thus, the authors present an extensive literature review demonstrating weak evidence supporting this misguided concept, followed by detailed outcomes from three centers of the largest reported series to date of patients older than 60 years after reanimation performed using three techniques-lengthening temporalis myoplasty, free functional muscle, and nerve transfers...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675758/the-prognostic-impact-of-abdominal-surgery-in-cancer-patients-with-neutropenic-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-behalf-the-groupe-de-recherche-en-r%C3%A3-animation-respiratoire-du-patient-d-onco-h%C3%A3-matologie-grrr-oh
#10
REVIEW
Colombe Saillard, Lara Zafrani, Michael Darmon, Magali Bisbal, Laurent Chow-Chine, Antoine Sannini, Jean-Paul Brun, Jacques Ewald, Olivier Turrini, Marion Faucher, Elie Azoulay, Djamel Mokart
Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge associated with high mortality rates, with controversial opinions on its optimal management. Physicians are usually reluctant to select surgery as the first-choice treatment, concerns being raised regarding the potential risks associated with abdominal surgery during neutropenia. Nevertheless, no published studies comforted this idea, literature is scarce and surgery has never been compared to medical treatment. This review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the prognostic impact of abdominal surgery on outcome of neutropenic cancer patients presenting with NE, versus medical conservative treatment...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668505/comparison-of-functional-results-after-cross-face-nerve-graft-spinal-accessory-nerve-and-masseter-nerve-innervated-gracilis-for-facial-paralysis-reconstruction-the-chang-gung-experience
#11
David Chwei-Chin Chuang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Vincent G Laurence
BACKGROUND: Using functioning free muscle transplantation (FFMT) for facial paralysis and postparalysis facial synkinesis reconstruction is our preferred technique. Gracilis was the first choice of muscle. Three motor neurotizers: cross-face nerve graft (CFNG), spinal accessory nerve (XI) and masseter nerve (V3) have been used as neurotizers for different indications. METHODS: A total of 362 cases of facial reanimation with FFMT were performed between 1986 and 2015...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667597/much-work-remains-to-be-done-in-the-intensive-care-of-patients-with-malignant-haemopathies
#12
S Yaacoubi, S Ayed, C Bornstain, F Vincent, For The Grrr-Oh Groupe de Recherche Respiratoire En Réanimation En Onco-Hématologie Http/Www Grrroh Com/
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662882/circulatory-arrest-brain-arrest-and-death-determination
#13
Sam David Shemie, Dale Gardiner
Technological advances, particularly in the capacity to support, replace or transplant failing organs, continue to challenge and refine our understanding of human death. Given the ability to reanimate organs before and after death, both inside and outside of the body, through reinstitution of oxygenated circulation, concepts related to death of organs (e.g. cardiac death) are no longer valid. This paper advances the rationale for a single conceptual determination of death related to permanent brain arrest, resulting from primary brain injury or secondary to circulatory arrest...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649064/incomplete-facial-paralysis-the-use-of-the-ipsilateral-residual-facial-nerve-as-a-donor-nerve-for-facial-reanimation
#14
Eyal Gur, Ron M Zuker, Arik Zaretski, David Leshem, Yoav Barnea, Ehud Arad, Ravit Yanko, Beni Meilik, Daniel J Kedar, Ehud Fliss
BACKGROUND: The reconstructive approach for incomplete facial paralysis is not yet determined. In this article we present a new surgical approach for patients with incomplete facial paralysis in which residual, ineffective movement is detected pre-operatively in the ipsilateral bucco-zygomatic territory of the paretic facial nerve. METHODS: Sixteen patients with incomplete facial paralysis were found eligible for the procedure and underwent one-stage facial reanimation by the senior author (E...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644988/a-randomized-comparison-trial-of-two-and-four-step-approaches-to-teaching-cardio-pulmonary-reanimation
#15
Giorgio Lapucci, Barbara Bondi, Ivan Rubbi, Valeria Cremonini, Erica Moretti, Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Daniela Magnani, Paola Ferri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The treatment of cardiac arrest in an extra-hospital environment improves with the increase in the number of people able to establish an early Cardio-Pulmonary Reanimation (CPR). The main aim of the study was to assess the validity of the two-step method in case of prolonged CPR. METHODS: A randomized comparison study was conducted in the University Nursing School of a Northern Italian town, during the 2015/16 academic year, among 60 students, to teach them CPR techniques, through two different teaching methods (4-step and the 2-step of CPR training)...
February 23, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628301/functional-outcomes-assessment-following-free-muscle-transfer-for-dynamic-reconstruction-of-facial-paralysis-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Anson Dong, Kevin J Zuo, Georgina Papadopoulos-Nydam, Jaret L Olson, Gordon H Wilkes, Jana Rieger
Facial reanimation provides patients affected by chronic facial paralysis a chance to regain basic human functions such as emotional expression, verbal communication, and oral competence for eating and swallowing, but there is still no consensus as to the best way to measure surgical outcomes. We performed a literature review to investigate the different functional outcomes that surgeons use to evaluate facial function after reanimation surgery, focusing on outcomes other than facial expressions such as speech, oral competence, and patient quality of life/satisfaction...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625866/mixed-facial-reanimation-technique-to-treat-paralysis-in-medium-term-cases
#17
Federico Biglioli, Federico Bolognesi, Fabiana Allevi, Dimitri Rabbiosi, Silvia Cupello, Antonino Previtera, Alessandro Lozza, Valeria M A Battista, Claudio Marchetti
Recent facial paralyses, in which fibrillations of the mimetic muscles are still detectable by electromyography (EMG), allow facial reanimation based on giving new neural stimuli to musculature. However, if more time has elapsed, mimetic muscles can undergo irreversible atrophy, and providing a new neural stimulus is simply not effective. In these cases function is provided by transferring free flaps into the face or transposing masticatory muscles to reinstitute major movements, such as eyelid closure and smiling...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611752/-effect-of-smoking-on-survival-after-myocardial-infarction-smoker-s-paradox-in-hungary
#18
Nedim Márton El-Meouch, Tamás Ferenci, András Jánosi
INTRODUCTION: The strong, positive relationship between smoking and myocardial infarction was proven in the 1960s and 1970s. The prognostic significance of smoking in the acute phase of the infarction, and later in patients who survive the acute phase is, however, not clear. Numerous international studies focus on the phenomenon called the "smoker's paradox", which means that smokers have a lower mortality rate after suffering myocardial infarction than non-smokers. Although in many cases smoking does not have a positive effect on survival after controlling for confounders, an international consensus has not been reached regarding this issue...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603352/comparison-of-symmetry-after-smile-reconstruction-for-flaccid-facial-paralysis-with-combined-fascia-lata-grafts-and-functional-gracilis-transfer-for-static-suspension-or-gracilis-transfer-alone
#19
Jurij Kiefer, David Braig, Jan R Thiele, Holger Bannasch, G Björn Stark, Steffen U Eisenhardt
PURPOSE: Facial paralysis has a profound impact on functionality and esthetics of the oral region. In patients with strong skin laxity and soft tissue ptosis, functional smile reconstruction is challenging due to the accentuated asymmetry at rest. Thus, the purpose of the study was to analyze facial symmetry in this patient clientele following a combination of dynamic reanimation with fascial strips for static suspension compared to functional gracilis transfer alone. METHODS: In 2014, we altered the single-stage approach for microsurgical smile reconstruction in patients with significant soft tissue ptosis by adding fascia lata grafts for static support...
March 30, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595736/cranial-nerve-coactivation-and-implication-for-nerve-transfers-to-the-facial-nerve
#20
David Jensson, Sara Enghag, Nina Bylund, Lars Jonsson, Johan Wikström, Margareta Grindlund, Roland Flink, Andres Rodriguez-Lorenzo
In reanimation surgery, effortless smile can be achieved by a nonfacial donor nerve. The underlying mechanisms for this smile development, and which is the best nonfacial neurotizer, need further clarification. The aim of the present study was therefore to further explore the natural coactivation between facial mimic muscles and muscles innervated by the most common donor nerves used in smile reanimation. The study was conducted in 10 healthy adults. Correlation between voluntary facial muscle movements and simultaneous electromyographic activity in muscles innervated by the masseter, hypoglossal, and spinal accessory nerves was assessed...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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