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post resuscitation hypothermia

Guillaume Geri, Guillaume Savary, Stéphane Legriel, Florence Dumas, Sybille Merceron, Olivier Varenne, Bernard Livarek, Olivier Richard, Jean-Paul Mira, Jean-Pierre Bedos, Jean-Philippe Empana, Alain Cariou, David Grimaldi
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence has dramatically increased over recent years and is associated with cardiovascular diseases, but data are lacking on its prognostic impact in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Data of all consecutive OHCA patients admitted in two cardiac arrest centers from Paris and suburbs between 2005 and 2012 were prospectively collected. Patients treated by therapeutic hypothermia (TH) were included in the analysis. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to quantify the association between Body Mass Index (BMI) at hospital admission and day-30 and 1-year mortality respectively...
October 12, 2016: Resuscitation
Jiří Bonaventura, David Alan, Jiri Vejvoda, Jakub Honek, Josef Veselka
In spite of many years of development and implementation of pre-hospital advanced life support programmes, the survival rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) used to be very poor. Neurologic injury from cerebral hypoxia is the most common cause of death in patients with OHCA. In the past two decades, post-resuscitation care has developed many new concepts aimed at improving the neurological outcome and survival rate of patients after cardiac arrest. Systematic post-cardiac arrest care after the return of spontaneous circulation, including induced mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in selected patients, is aimed at significantly improving rates of long-term neurologically intact survival...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Alistair J Gunn, Abbot R Laptook, Nicola J Robertson, John D Barks, Marianne Thoresen, Guido Wassink, Laura Bennet
Acute post-asphyxial encephalopathy around the time of birth remains a major cause of death and disability. The possibility that hypothermia may be able to prevent or lessen asphyxial brain injury is a "dream revisited". In this review, a historical perspective is provided from the first reported use of therapeutic hypothermia for brain injuries in antiquity, to the present day. The first uncontrolled trials of cooling for resuscitation were reported more than 50 years ago. The seminal insight that led to the modern revival of studies of neuroprotection was that after profound asphyxia, many brain cells show initial recovery from the insult during a short "latent" phase, typically lasting approximately 6 h, only to die hours to days later after a "secondary" deterioration characterized by seizures, cytotoxic edema, and progressive failure of cerebral oxidative metabolism...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Research
Peter Paal, Les Gordon, Giacomo Strapazzon, Monika Brodmann Maeder, Gabriel Putzer, Beat Walpoth, Michael Wanscher, Doug Brown, Michael Holzer, Gregor Broessner, Hermann Brugger
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an up-to-date review of the management and outcome of accidental hypothermia patients with and without cardiac arrest. METHODS: The authors reviewed the relevant literature in their specialist field. Summaries were merged, discussed and approved to produce this narrative review. RESULTS: The hospital use of minimally-invasive rewarming for non-arrested, otherwise healthy, patients with primary hypothermia and stable vital signs has the potential to substantially decrease morbidity and mortality for these patients...
September 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Jeong Ho Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Joo Yong Kim, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Lee
AIM: To provide therapeutic hypothermia (TH) to survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), inter-hospital transfers (IHT) are frequently required. The safety of IHT remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of TH on brain recovery after OHCA differs between IHT and direct arrival groups. METHODS: We identified patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac aetiology who were resuscitated by emergency medical services and experienced return-of-spontaneous circulation in 27 hospitals between January and December 2014...
August 31, 2016: Resuscitation
Frank W Moler, Jamie S Hutchison, Vinay M Nadkarni, Faye S Silverstein, Kathleen L Meert, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and complications in the drowning subgroup from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Exploratory post hoc cohort analysis. SETTING: Twenty-four PICUs. PATIENTS: Pediatric drowning cases. INTERVENTIONS: Therapeutic hypothermia versus therapeutic normothermia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: An exploratory study of pediatric drowning from the Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial was conducted...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
J C Zhang, W Lu, X M Xie, H Pan, Z Q Wu, G T Yang
Although therapeutic hypothermia is an effective treatment for post-resuscitation brain injury after cardiac arrest (CA), the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) plays a key role in cellular adaption to a hypoxic environment. This study sought to evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on V-ATPase and its involvement in neuroprotection after CA. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a 6-min CA, resuscitated successfully, and then assigned to either the normothermia (NT) group or the hypothermia (HT) group...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Atsushi Sakurai, Kosaku Kinoshita, Tomohide Komatsu, Junko Yamaguchi, Atsunori Sugita, Shingo Ihara
Outcome for patients experiencing out-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to respiratory causes is poor, even with treatment by therapeutic hypothermia (TH). The purpose of this study is to clarify difference in outcome and respiratory state during resuscitation between cases due to respiratory causes versus those due to cardiac causes, to establish alternative strategies for the patient. This study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of patients with post CA syndrome who underwent TH. Patients were divided into two groups according to cause of CA: cardiac (C group) or respiratory (R group)...
August 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Shoji Kawakami, Teruo Noguchi, Takahito Doi, Yoshio Tahara, Yoshihiro Sanda, Tetsuya Fukuda, Hisao Ogawa, Satoshi Yasuda
Although high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for survival from cardiac arrest, chest compressions can also sometimes lead to life-threatening chest injuries. In addition, post-cardiac arrest syndrome patients often have coagulopathy due to therapeutic hypothermia, mechanical hemodynamic support, or both. Therefore, when progressive anemia and prolonged shock are detected in patients who have received CPR, identifying the cause of hemorrhagic shock is crucial. We herein present an interesting case of hemorrhagic shock due to an internal mammary artery injury secondary to CPR that was detected by computed tomography and invasive angiography...
2016: Internal Medicine
Gang Liu, Yingying Su, Mengdi Jiang, Weibi Chen, Yan Zhang, Yunzhou Zhang, Daiquan Gao
Electroencephalogram reactivity (EEG-R) is a positive predictive factor for assessing outcomes in comatose patients. Most studies assess the prognostic value of EEG-R utilizing visual analysis; however, this method is prone to subjectivity. We sought to categorize EEG-R with a quantitative approach. We retrospectively studied consecutive comatose patients who had an EEG-R recording performed 1-3 days after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or during normothermia after therapeutic hypothermia. EEG-R was assessed via visual analysis and quantitative analysis separately...
July 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Armonde A Baghdanian, Arthur H Baghdanian, Maria Khalid, Anthony Armetta, Christina A LeBedis, Stephan W Anderson, Jorge A Soto
Damage control surgery (DCS) is a limited exploratory laparotomy that is performed in unstable trauma patients who, without immediate intervention, would acutely decompensate. Patients usually present with shock physiology and metabolic derangements including acidosis, hypothermia, and coagulopathy. Delayed medical correction of these metabolic derangements leads to an irreversible state of coagulopathic hemorrhagic shock and inevitable patient demise. Therefore, once a patient meets DCS criteria, a limited exploratory laparotomy is performed to stabilize life-threatening injury and expedite initiation of medical resuscitation in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
October 2016: Emergency Radiology
Gülbin Aygencel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Dávid Pilecky, Gábor Szudi, Enikő Kovács, Zsigmond Jenei, László Gellér, Krisztina Heltai, Levente Molnár, György Bárczi, Dávid Becker, Béla Merkely, Endre Zima
In the last fifteen years mild therapeutic hypothermia became an accepted and widespread therapeutic method in the treatment of successfully resuscitated patients due to sudden cardiac death. Based on the available evidence therapeutic hypothermia is part of the resuscitation guidelines, however, many aspects of its therapeutic use are based on empirical facts. In particular, the subjects of intense debate are the ideal target temperature and the benefit of hypothermia in patients found with non-shockable rhythm...
April 17, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Ines Ponz, Esteban Lopez-de-Sa, Eduardo Armada, Juan Caro, Zorba Blazquez, Sandra Rosillo, Oscar Gonzalez, Juan Ramon Rey, Maria Del Carmen Monedero, Jose Luis Lopez-Sendon
INTRODUCTION: Target temperature management (TTM) has shown to reduce brain damage after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA), but the time to neurological recovery is not defined yet. We sought to determine the time these patients need to regain consciousness, as well as factors associated with a late post-arrest awakening. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients cooled to 32-34°C during 24h after CA, who regained neurological responsiveness after rewarming...
June 2016: Resuscitation
R M Dietz, G Deng, J E Orfila, X Hui, R J Traystman, P S Herson
Pediatric cardiac arrest (CA) often leads to poor neurologic outcomes, including deficits in learning and memory. The only approved treatment for CA is therapeutic hypothermia, although its utility in the pediatric population remains unclear. This study analyzed the effect of mild therapeutic hypothermia after CA in juvenile mice on hippocampal neuronal injury and the cellular model of learning and memory, termed long-term potentiation (LTP). Juvenile mice were subjected to cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) followed by normothermia (37°C) and hypothermia (30°C, 32°C)...
June 14, 2016: Neuroscience
Jonathan Chelly, Nicolas Deye, Jean-Pierre Guichard, Dominique Vodovar, Ly Vong, Sebastien Jochmans, Nathalie Thieulot-Rolin, Oumar Sy, Jean Serbource-Goguel, Christophe Vinsonneau, Bruno Megarbane, Benoit Vivien, Karim Tazarourte, Merhan Monchi
INTRODUCTION: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement could detect increased intracranial pressure, and might predict outcome in post-cardiac arrest (CA) patients. We assessed the ability of bedside ONSD ultrasonographic measurement performed within day 1 after CA occurrence to predict in-hospital survival in patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH). METHODS: In two French ICUs, a prospective study included all consecutive patients with CA without traumatic or neurological etiology, successfully resuscitated and TH-treated...
June 2016: Resuscitation
Michael S Merrill, Catherine M Wares, Alan C Heffner, Kenneth L Shauger, H James Norton, Michael S Runyon, David A Pearson
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in post-cardiac arrest (CA) care including therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have improved survival and favorable neurologic outcomes for survivors of CA. Survivors often present with deep coma and lack of brainstem reflexes, which are generally associated with adverse outcomes in many disease processes. Little is known regarding the role of initial emergency department (ED) neurological examination and its potential for prognostication. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine if components of a standardized neurologic examination are reliable prognosticators in patients recently resuscitated from CA...
June 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Atsushi Sakurai
One of the most important topics in the field of resuscitation at present is the drafting of the 2015 version of the Consensus on Science and Treatment Recommendation (CoSTR) by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. The Japan Resuscitation Council is preparing its 2015 Guideline based on this CoSTR and plans to release it in October 2015. A critical change in the upcoming CoSTR is the adoption of the GRADE system. The new Guideline incorporating the GRADE system will surely be more scientific than the previous Guideline issued in 2010...
February 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Andrej Markota, Jure Fluher, Barbara Kit, Petra Balažič, Andreja Sinkovič
BACKGROUND: Temperature management is a recommended part of post-resuscitation care of comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. A number of methods exist for temperature management, all of which have limitations. We aimed to evaluate the performance and ease of use of a new esophageal heat transfer device (EHTD; Advanced Cooling Therapy, Chicago, IL, USA) for temperature management of adult survivors of cardiac arrest. METHODS: We performed a prospective study from March to June 2015...
April 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Katharine L Modisett, Steven J Walsh, Alan C Heffner, David A Pearson, William Kerns
The incidence and outcome of patients who undergo therapeutic hypothermia (TH) after toxin-induced cardiac arrest (TICA) is not previously described. Our study aimed to describe the incidence, epidemiologic characteristics, and outcomes of patients who experience TICA in a dedicated clinical pathway for post-cardiac arrest care between November 2007 and February 2013. All patients were treated in an evidence-based clinical pathway that included TH. Database and medical records were independently reviewed by investigators to ascertain TICA...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
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