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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192164/origins-and-challenges-of-viral-dark-matter
#1
REVIEW
Siddharth R Krishnamurthy, David Wang
The accurate classification of viral dark matter - metagenomic sequences that originate from viruses but do not align to any reference virus sequences - is one of the major obstacles in comprehensively defining the virome. Depending on the sample, viral dark matter can make up from anywhere between 40-90% of sequences. This review focuses on the specific nature of dark matter as it relates to viral sequences. We identify three factors that contribute to the existence of viral dark matter: the divergence and length of virus sequences, the limitations of alignment based classification, and limited representation of viruses in reference sequence databases...
February 9, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186796/from-planck-data-to-planck-era-observational-tests-of-holographic-cosmology
#2
Niayesh Afshordi, Claudio Corianò, Luigi Delle Rose, Elizabeth Gould, Kostas Skenderis
We test a class of holographic models for the very early Universe against cosmological observations and find that they are competitive to the standard cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant (ΛCDM) of cosmology. These models are based on three-dimensional perturbative superrenormalizable quantum field theory (QFT), and, while they predict a different power spectrum from the standard power law used in ΛCDM, they still provide an excellent fit to the data (within their regime of validity). By comparing the Bayesian evidence for the models, we find that ΛCDM does a better job globally, while the holographic models provide a (marginally) better fit to the data without very low multipoles (i...
January 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183921/debate-heats-up-over-black-holes-as-dark-matter
#3
Adrian Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181794/morphology-evolution-and-degradation-of-cspbbr3-nanocrystals-under-blue-light-emitting-diode-illumination
#4
Shouqiang Huang, Zhichun Li, Bo Wang, Nanwen Zhu, Congyang Zhang, Long Kong, Qi Zhang, Aidang Shan, Liang Li
Under illumination of light emitting diode (LED) or sunlight, the green color of all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals (CPB-NCs) often quickly changes to yellow, and follows by large photoluminescence (PL) loss. To figure out what is happening on CPB-NCs during the color change process, the morphology, structure and PL evolutions are systematically investigated by varying the influence factors of illumination, moisture, oxygen and temperature. We find that the yellow color is mainly originated from the large CPB crystals formed in the illumination process...
February 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179662/astroparticle-physics-dark-matter-remains-elusive
#5
Xiangdong Ji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179422/viruses-comprise-an-extensive-pool-of-mobile-genetic-elements-in-eukaryote-cell-cultures-and-human-clinical-samples
#6
Jakob Thannesberger, Hans-Joerg Hellinger, Ingeborg Klymiuk, Marie-Theres Kastner, Franz J J Rieder, Martina Schneider, Susanne Fister, Thomas Lion, Karin Kosulin, Johannes Laengle, Michael Bergmann, Thomas Rattei, Christoph Steininger
Viruses shape a diversity of ecosystems by modulating their microbial, eukaryotic, or plant host metabolism. The complexity of virus-host interaction networks is progressively fathomed by novel metagenomic approaches. By using a novel metagenomic method, we explored the virome in mammalian cell cultures and clinical samples to identify an extensive pool of mobile genetic elements in all of these ecosystems. Despite aseptic treatment, cell cultures harbored extensive and diverse phage populations with a high abundance of as yet unknown and uncharacterized viruses (viral dark matter)...
February 8, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165734/phantom-pains-problems-with-the-utility-of-alerts-for-pan-assay-interference-compounds
#7
Stephen Joseph Capuzzi, Eugene N Muratov, Alexander Tropsha
The use of substructural alerts to identify Pan-Assay INterference compoundS (PAINS) has become a common component of the triage process in biological screening campaigns. These alerts, however, were originally derived from a proprietary library tested in just six assays measuring protein-protein interaction (PPI) inhibition using the AlphaScreen detection technology only; moreover, 68% (328 out of the 480 alerts) were derived from four or fewer compounds. In an effort to assess the reliability of these alerts as indicators of pan-assay interference, we performed a large-scale analysis of the impact of PAINS alerts on compound promiscuity in bioassays using publicly available data in PubChem...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157350/probing-sub-gev-dark-matter-with-conventional-detectors
#8
Chris Kouvaris, Josef Pradler
The direct detection of dark matter particles with mass below the GeV scale is hampered by soft nuclear recoil energies and finite detector thresholds. For a given maximum relative velocity, the kinematics of elastic dark matter nucleus scattering sets a principal limit on detectability. Here, we propose to bypass the kinematic limitations by considering the inelastic channel of photon emission from bremsstrahlung in the nuclear recoil. Our proposed method allows us to set the first limits on dark matter below 500 MeV in the plane of dark matter mass and cross section with nucleons...
January 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157090/solution-processed-hybrid-2d-3d-mos-sub-2-sub-si-heterostructures-with-superior-junction-characteristics
#9
Subhrajit Mukherjee, Souvik Biswas, Soumen Das, Samit K Ray
We report a theoretical and experimental investigation of the hybrid heterostructure interfaces between atomically thin MoS<sub>2</sub> nanocrystals (NCs) on Si platform for their potential applications towards next generation electrical and optical devices. Mie theory based numerical analysis and COMSOL simulations based on finite element method (FEM) have been utilized to study the optical absorption characteristics and light matter interactions in variable sized MoS<sub>2</sub> NCs...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145687/phototransformation-of-the-herbicide-propanil-in-paddy-field-water
#10
Luca Carena, Marco Minella, Francesco Barsotti, Marcello Brigante, Marco Milan, Aldo Ferrero, Silvia Berto, Claudio Minero, Davide Vione
When irradiated in paddy-field water, propanil (PRP) undergoes photodegradation by direct photolysis, by reactions with ·OH and CO3·-, and possibly also with the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter. Irradiation also inhibits the non-photochemical (probably biological) degradation of PRP. The dark and light-induced pathways can be easily distinguished because 3,4-dichloroaniline (34DCA, a transformation intermediate of considerable environmental concern) is produced with almost 100% yield in the dark but not at all through photochemical pathways...
February 1, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128622/search-for-an-ultralight-scalar-dark-matter-candidate-with-the-auriga-detector
#11
Antonio Branca, Michele Bonaldi, Massimo Cerdonio, Livia Conti, Paolo Falferi, Francesco Marin, Renato Mezzena, Antonello Ortolan, Giovanni A Prodi, Luca Taffarello, Gabriele Vedovato, Andrea Vinante, Stefano Vitale, Jean-Pierre Zendri
A search for a new scalar field, called moduli, has been performed using the cryogenic resonant-mass AURIGA detector. Predicted by string theory, moduli may provide a significant contribution to the dark matter (DM) component of our Universe. If this is the case, the interaction of ordinary matter with the local DM moduli, forming the Galaxy halo, will cause an oscillation of solid bodies with a frequency corresponding to the mass of moduli. In the sensitive band of AURIGA, some 100 Hz at around 1 kHz, the expected signal, with Q=△f/f∼10^{6}, is a narrow peak, △f∼1  mHz...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128610/search-for-dark-matter-and-supersymmetry-with-a-compressed-mass-spectrum-in-the-vector-boson-fusion-topology-in-proton-proton-collisions-at-sqrt-s-8%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev
#12
V Khachatryan, A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Treberer-Treberspurg, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, V Mossolov, N Shumeiko, J Suarez Gonzalez, S Alderweireldt, T Cornelis, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, A Knutsson, J Lauwers, S Luyckx, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, N Heracleous, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, C Caillol, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, D Dobur, A Fagot, G Garcia, M Gul, J Mccartin, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, E Yazgan, N Zaganidis, C Beluffi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, L Ceard, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, L Forthomme, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, P Jez, M Komm, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, C Nuttens, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Selvaggi, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, M Correa Martins Junior, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, R Du, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, H Zhang, J Zhao, C Asawatangtrakuldee, Y Ban, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, J Luetic, S Micanovic, L Sudic, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, A Awad, S Elgammal, A Mohamed, E Salama, B Calpas, M Kadastik, M Murumaa, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, T Peltola, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, L Wendland, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, B Fabbro, J L Faure, C Favaro, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Titov, A Zghiche, A Abdulsalam, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, E Chapon, C Charlot, O Davignon, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, P Miné, I N Naranjo, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, S Regnard, R Salerno, Y Sirois, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, J-L Agram, J Andrea, A Aubin, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, A-C Le Bihan, J A Merlin, K Skovpen, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, E Bouvier, C A Carrillo Montoya, R Chierici, D Contardo, B Courbon, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fan, J Fay, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, D Sabes, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, T Toriashvili, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, A Heister, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, A Ostapchuk, M Preuten, F Raupach, S Schael, C Schomakers, J F Schulte, J Schulz, T Verlage, H Weber, V Zhukov, M Ata, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, P Papacz, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, Y Erdogan, G Flügge, H Geenen, M Geisler, F Hoehle, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, I M Nugent, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, I Asin, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Dolinska, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, P Gunnellini, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, O Karacheban, M Kasemann, J Kieseler, C Kleinwort, I Korol, W Lange, A Lelek, J Leonard, K Lipka, A Lobanov, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, R Placakyte, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Ö Sahin, P Saxena, T Schoerner-Sadenius, C Seitz, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, K D Trippkewitz, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, C Wissing, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, A R Draeger, T Dreyer, J Erfle, E Garutti, K Goebel, D Gonzalez, M Görner, J Haller, M Hoffmann, R S Höing, A Junkes, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, T Lapsien, T Lenz, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, J Ott, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, N Pietsch, J Poehlsen, C Sander, C Scharf, P Schleper, E Schlieckau, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, C Barth, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, I Katkov, A Kornmayer, P Lobelle Pardo, B Maier, H Mildner, M U Mozer, T Müller, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, J Wagner-Kuhr, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, A Agapitos, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, N Filipovic, G Bencze, C Hajdu, P Hidas, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, A Makovec, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Bahinipati, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, R Gupta, U Bhawandeep, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, N Nishu, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Banerjee, S Bhowmik, R M Chatterjee, R K Dewanjee, S Dugad, S Ganguly, M Guchait, A Gurtu, Sa Jain, G Kole, S Kumar, B Mahakud, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, T Sarkar, N Sur, B Sutar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, A Rane, S Sharma, H Bakhshiansohi, H Behnamian, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, A Fahim, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, C Caputo, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, L Fiore, G Iaselli, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, L Silvestris, R Venditti, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, L Brigliadori, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, M Chiorboli, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, V Gori, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, G Sguazzoni, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, M Lo Vetere, M R Monge, E Robutti, S Tosi, L Brianza, F Brivio, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, B Marzocchi, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, G De Nardo, S Di Guida, M Esposito, F Fabozzi, A O M Iorio, G Lanza, L Lista, S Meola, M Merola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, J Pazzini, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, F Simonetto, E Torassa, M Tosi, M Zanetti, P Zotto, A Zucchetta, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, G M Bilei, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, G Mantovani, M Menichelli, A Saha, A Santocchia, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, J Bernardini, T Boccali, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, S Donato, G Fedi, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, G D'imperio, D Del Re, M Diemoz, S Gelli, C Jorda, E Longo, F Margaroli, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, L Finco, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, V Candelise, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, C La Licata, A Schizzi, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, S Lee, S W Lee, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, H Kim, J A Brochero Cifuentes, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, B Lee, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, G Ryu, M S Ryu, Y Choi, J Goh, D Kim, E Kwon, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, J R Komaragiri, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, E Casimiro Linares, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, A Hernandez-Almada, R Lopez-Fernandez, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, F Vazquez Valencia, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, W A Khan, T Khurshid, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, K Romanowska-Rybinska, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, P G Ferreira Parracho, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, F Nguyen, J Rodrigues Antunes, J Seixas, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, P Vischia, P Bunin, I Golutvin, N Gorbounov, I Gorbunov, A Kamenev, V Karjavin, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, P Moisenz, V Palichik, V Perelygin, M Savina, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, N Voytishin, A Zarubin, L Chtchipounov, V Golovtsov, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, V Sulimov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, R Chistov, M Danilov, V Rusinov, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Leonidov, S V Rusakov, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, M Dubinin, L Dudko, A Ershov, A Gribushin, V Klyukhin, O Kodolova, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, S Petrushanko, V Savrin, A Snigirev, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, V Krychkine, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, E Calvo, M Cerrada, M Chamizo Llatas, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, E Navarro De Martino, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, D Moran, J Cuevas, J Fernandez Menendez, I Gonzalez Caballero, E Palencia Cortezon, S Sanchez Cruz, J M Vizan Garcia, I J Cabrillo, A Calderon, J R Castiñeiras De Saa, E Curras, M Fernandez, J Garcia-Ferrero, G Gomez, A Lopez Virto, J Marco, C Martinez Rivero, F Matorras, J Piedra Gomez, T Rodrigo, A Ruiz-Jimeno, L Scodellaro, N Trevisani, I Vila, R Vilar Cortabitarte, D Abbaneo, E Auffray, G Auzinger, M Bachtis, P Baillon, A H Ball, D Barney, P Bloch, A Bocci, A Bonato, C Botta, T Camporesi, R Castello, M Cepeda, G Cerminara, M D'Alfonso, D d'Enterria, A Dabrowski, V Daponte, A David, M De Gruttola, F De Guio, A De Roeck, E Di Marco, M Dobson, M Dordevic, B Dorney, T du Pree, D Duggan, M Dünser, N Dupont, A Elliott-Peisert, S Fartoukh, G Franzoni, J Fulcher, W Funk, D Gigi, K Gill, M Girone, F Glege, S Gundacker, M Guthoff, J Hammer, P Harris, J Hegeman, V Innocente, P Janot, H Kirschenmann, V Knünz, M J Kortelainen, K Kousouris, M Krammer, P Lecoq, C Lourenço, M T Lucchini, N Magini, L Malgeri, M Mannelli, A Martelli, F Meijers, S Mersi, E Meschi, F Moortgat, S Morovic, M Mulders, H Neugebauer, S Orfanelli, L Orsini, L Pape, E Perez, M Peruzzi, A Petrilli, G Petrucciani, A Pfeiffer, M Pierini, A Racz, T Reis, G Rolandi, M Rovere, M Ruan, H Sakulin, J B Sauvan, C Schäfer, C Schwick, M Seidel, A Sharma, P Silva, M Simon, P Sphicas, J Steggemann, M Stoye, Y Takahashi, D Treille, A Triossi, A Tsirou, V Veckalns, G I Veres, N Wardle, A Zagozdzinska, W D Zeuner, W Bertl, K Deiters, W Erdmann, R Horisberger, Q Ingram, H C Kaestli, D Kotlinski, U Langenegger, T Rohe, F Bachmair, L Bäni, L Bianchini, B Casal, G Dissertori, M Dittmar, M Donegà, P Eller, C Grab, C Heidegger, D Hits, J Hoss, G Kasieczka, P Lecomte, W Lustermann, B Mangano, M Marionneau, P Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, M Masciovecchio, M T Meinhard, D Meister, F Micheli, P Musella, F Nessi-Tedaldi, F Pandolfi, J Pata, F Pauss, G Perrin, L Perrozzi, M Quittnat, M Rossini, M Schönenberger, A Starodumov, M Takahashi, V R Tavolaro, K Theofilatos, R Wallny, T K Aarrestad, C Amsler, L Caminada, M F Canelli, V Chiochia, A De Cosa, C Galloni, A Hinzmann, T Hreus, B Kilminster, C Lange, J Ngadiuba, D Pinna, G Rauco, P Robmann, D Salerno, Y Yang, K H Chen, T H Doan, Sh Jain, R Khurana, M Konyushikhin, C M Kuo, W Lin, Y J Lu, A Pozdnyakov, S S Yu, Arun Kumar, P Chang, Y H Chang, Y W Chang, Y Chao, K F Chen, P H Chen, C Dietz, F Fiori, W-S Hou, Y Hsiung, Y F Liu, R-S Lu, M Miñano Moya, E Paganis, J F Tsai, Y M Tzeng, B Asavapibhop, G Singh, N Srimanobhas, N Suwonjandee, A Adiguzel, M N Bakirci, S Damarseckin, Z S Demiroglu, C Dozen, I Dumanoglu, S Girgis, G Gokbulut, Y Guler, E Gurpinar, I Hos, E E Kangal, A Kayis Topaksu, G Onengut, K Ozdemir, D Sunar Cerci, B Tali, C Zorbilmez, B Bilin, S Bilmis, B Isildak, G Karapinar, M Yalvac, M Zeyrek, E Gülmez, M Kaya, O Kaya, E A Yetkin, T Yetkin, A Cakir, K Cankocak, S Sen, F I Vardarlı, B Grynyov, L Levchuk, P Sorokin, R Aggleton, F Ball, L Beck, J J Brooke, D Burns, E Clement, D Cussans, H Flacher, J Goldstein, M Grimes, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, C Lucas, Z Meng, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, A Poll, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, S Senkin, D Smith, V J Smith, K W Bell, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, M Baber, R Bainbridge, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, D Burton, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, P Dunne, A Elwood, D Futyan, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, R Lane, C Laner, R Lucas, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, J Nash, A Nikitenko, J Pela, B Penning, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, C Seez, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, D Leslie, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, O Charaf, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, E Berry, D Cutts, A Ferapontov, A Garabedian, J Hakala, U Heintz, O Jesus, E Laird, G Landsberg, Z Mao, M Narain, S Piperov, S Sagir, E Spencer, R Syarif, R Breedon, G Breto, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, S Chauhan, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, F Ricci-Tam, S Shalhout, J Smith, M Squires, D Stolp, M Tripathi, S Wilbur, R Yohay, R Cousins, P Everaerts, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, D Saltzberg, E Takasugi, V Valuev, M Weber, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, G Hanson, J Heilman, P Jandir, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Malberti, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, A Shrinivas, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, G B Cerati, S Cittolin, R T D'Agnolo, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, A Holzner, R Kelley, D Klein, J Letts, I Macneill, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, C Welke, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, K Flowers, M Franco Sevilla, P Geffert, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, N Mccoll, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, C West, J Yoo, D Anderson, A Apresyan, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J Bunn, Y Chen, J Duarte, A Mott, H B Newman, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, V Azzolini, A Calamba, B Carlson, T Ferguson, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, A Chatterjee, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, N Eggert, N Mirman, G Nicolas Kaufman, J R Patterson, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, W Sun, S M Tan, Z Tao, W D Teo, J Thom, J Thompson, J Tucker, Y Weng, P Wittich, D Winn, S Abdullin, M Albrow, G Apollinari, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, S Cihangir, M Cremonesi, V D Elvira, I Fisk, J Freeman, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, D Hare, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, J Linacre, D Lincoln, R Lipton, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, J M Marraffino, S Maruyama, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, C Newman-Holmes, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, S Das, R D Field, I K Furic, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, P Milenovic, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, L Shchutska, D Sperka, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, S Linn, P Markowitz, G Martinez, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, J R Adams, T Adams, A Askew, S Bein, B Diamond, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, A Khatiwada, H Prosper, A Santra, M Weinberg, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, H Kalakhety, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, I Bucinskaite, R Cavanaugh, O Evdokimov, L Gauthier, C E Gerber, D J Hofman, P Kurt, C O'Brien, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, P Turner, N Varelas, Z Wu, M Zakaria, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, I Anderson, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, M Osherson, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, Y Xin, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, C Bruner, J Castle, R P Kenny, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, M Malek, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, S Khalil, M Makouski, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, D Lange, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, J A Gomez, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, R G Kellogg, T Kolberg, J Kunkle, Y Lu, A C Mignerey, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, A Apyan, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, Z Demiragli, L Di Matteo, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Gulhan, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Sumorok, K Tatar, M Varma, D Velicanu, J Veverka, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, M Yang, V Zhukova, A C Benvenuti, B Dahmes, A Evans, A Finkel, A Gude, P Hansen, S Kalafut, S C Kao, K Klapoetke, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, N Tambe, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, R Bartek, K Bloom, S Bose, D R Claes, A Dominguez, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, D Knowlton, I Kravchenko, F Meier, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, J George, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, J Kaisen, A Kharchilava, A Kumar, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, D Baumgartel, M Chasco, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, D Nash, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, R-J Wang, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, K A Hahn, A Kubik, J F Low, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, N Rupprecht, G Smith, S Taroni, N Valls, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, J Brinson, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, R Hughes, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, M Rodenburg, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, D Marlow, T Medvedeva, M Mooney, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, C Tully, A Zuranski, S Malik, A Barker, V E Barnes, D Benedetti, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, K Jung, D H Miller, N Neumeister, B C Radburn-Smith, X Shi, J Sun, A Svyatkovskiy, F Wang, W Xie, L Xu, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, B Akgun, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, R Redjimi, J Roberts, J Rorie, Z Tu, J Zabel, B Betchart, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, Y Eshaq, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, J P Chou, E Contreras-Campana, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, D Hidas, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, K Nash, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Castaneda Hernandez, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, W Flanagan, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, V Krutelyov, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Rose, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, C Cowden, J Damgov, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, A G Delannoy, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, J Goodell, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, C Kottachchi Kankanamge Don, P Lamichhane, J Sturdy, D A Belknap, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, I Ojalvo, T Perry, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, A Sharma, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, P Verwilligen, N Woods
A first search for pair production of dark matter candidates through vector boson fusion in proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=8  TeV is performed with the CMS detector. The vector boson fusion topology enhances missing transverse momentum, providing a way to probe supersymmetry, even in the case of a compressed mass spectrum. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 18.5  fb^{-1}, recorded by the CMS experiment. The observed dijet mass spectrum is consistent with the standard model expectation...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128598/results-from-a-search-for-dark-matter-in-the-complete-lux-exposure
#13
D S Akerib, S Alsum, H M Araújo, X Bai, A J Bailey, J Balajthy, P Beltrame, E P Bernard, A Bernstein, T P Biesiadzinski, E M Boulton, R Bramante, P Brás, D Byram, S B Cahn, M C Carmona-Benitez, C Chan, A A Chiller, C Chiller, A Currie, J E Cutter, T J R Davison, A Dobi, J E Y Dobson, E Druszkiewicz, B N Edwards, C H Faham, S Fiorucci, R J Gaitskell, V M Gehman, C Ghag, K R Gibson, M G D Gilchriese, C R Hall, M Hanhardt, S J Haselschwardt, S A Hertel, D P Hogan, M Horn, D Q Huang, C M Ignarra, M Ihm, R G Jacobsen, W Ji, K Kamdin, K Kazkaz, D Khaitan, R Knoche, N A Larsen, C Lee, B G Lenardo, K T Lesko, A Lindote, M I Lopes, A Manalaysay, R L Mannino, M F Marzioni, D N McKinsey, D-M Mei, J Mock, M Moongweluwan, J A Morad, A St J Murphy, C Nehrkorn, H N Nelson, F Neves, K O'Sullivan, K C Oliver-Mallory, K J Palladino, E K Pease, P Phelps, L Reichhart, C Rhyne, S Shaw, T A Shutt, C Silva, M Solmaz, V N Solovov, P Sorensen, S Stephenson, T J Sumner, M Szydagis, D J Taylor, W C Taylor, B P Tennyson, P A Terman, D R Tiedt, W H To, M Tripathi, L Tvrznikova, S Uvarov, J R Verbus, R C Webb, J T White, T J Whitis, M S Witherell, F L H Wolfs, J Xu, K Yazdani, S K Young, C Zhang
We report constraints on spin-independent weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-nucleon scattering using a 3.35×10^{4}  kg day exposure of the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment. A dual-phase xenon time projection chamber with 250 kg of active mass is operated at the Sanford Underground Research Facility under Lead, South Dakota (USA). With roughly fourfold improvement in sensitivity for high WIMP masses relative to our previous results, this search yields no evidence of WIMP nuclear recoils...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128244/axions-detecting-particles-of-dark-matter
#14
Jihn E Kim, Pierre Sikivie, Steven Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126765/can-dark-matter-vanquish-controversial-rival-theory
#15
Adrian Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122089/anril-a-regulator-of-vegf-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#16
Anu Alice Thomas, Biao Feng, Subrata Chakrabarti
Purpose: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) previously thought to be "dark matter" of the genome, play key roles in various biological processes. The lncRNA ANRIL is located at a genetic susceptibility locus for coronary artery diseases and type 2 diabetes. We examined the role of ANRIL in diabetic retinopathy, through study of its regulation of VEGF both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were subjected to incubation in high glucose to mimic diabetes...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106460/fermi-large-area-telescope-as-a-galactic-supernovae-axionscope
#17
M Meyer, M Giannotti, A Mirizzi, J Conrad, M A Sánchez-Conde
In a Galactic core-collapse supernova (SN), axionlike particles (ALPs) could be emitted via the Primakoff process and eventually convert into γ rays in the magnetic field of the Milky Way. From a data-driven sensitivity estimate, we find that, for a SN exploding in our Galaxy, the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) would be able to explore the photon-ALP coupling down to g_{aγ}≃2×10^{-13}  GeV^{-1} for an ALP mass m_{a}≲10^{-9}  eV. These values are out of reach of next generation laboratory experiments...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106454/search-for-invisible-decays-of-sub-gev-dark-photons-in-missing-energy-events-at-the-cern-sps
#18
D Banerjee, V Burtsev, D Cooke, P Crivelli, E Depero, A V Dermenev, S V Donskov, F Dubinin, R R Dusaev, S Emmenegger, A Fabich, V N Frolov, A Gardikiotis, S N Gninenko, M Hösgen, V A Kachanov, A E Karneyeu, B Ketzer, D V Kirpichnikov, M M Kirsanov, S G Kovalenko, V A Kramarenko, L V Kravchuk, N V Krasnikov, S V Kuleshov, V E Lyubovitskij, V Lysan, V A Matveev, Yu V Mikhailov, V V Myalkovskiy, V D Peshekhonov, D V Peshekhonov, O Petuhov, V A Polyakov, B Radics, A Rubbia, V D Samoylenko, V O Tikhomirov, D A Tlisov, A N Toropin, A Yu Trifonov, B Vasilishin, G Vasquez Arenas, P Ulloa, K Zhukov, K Zioutas
We report on a direct search for sub-GeV dark photons (A^{'}), which might be produced in the reaction e^{-}Z→e^{-}ZA^{'} via kinetic mixing with photons by 100 GeV electrons incident on an active target in the NA64 experiment at the CERN SPS. The dark photons would decay invisibly into dark matter particles resulting in events with large missing energy. No evidence for such decays was found with 2.75×10^{9} electrons on target. We set new limits on the γ-A^{'} mixing strength and exclude the invisible A^{'} with a mass ≲100  MeV as an explanation of the muon g_{μ}-2 anomaly...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106446/exacerbating-the-cosmological-constant-problem-with-interacting-dark-energy-models
#19
M C David Marsh
Future cosmological surveys will probe the expansion history of the Universe and constrain phenomenological models of dark energy. Such models do not address the fine-tuning problem of the vacuum energy, i.e., the cosmological constant problem (CCP), but can make it spectacularly worse. We show that this is the case for "interacting dark energy" models in which the masses of the dark matter states depend on the dark energy sector. If realized in nature, these models have far-reaching implications for proposed solutions to the CCP that require the number of vacua to exceed the fine-tuning of the vacuum energy density...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106438/relativistic-axions-from-collapsing-bose-stars
#20
D G Levkov, A G Panin, I I Tkachev
The substructures of light bosonic (axionlike) dark matter may condense into compact Bose stars. We study the collapse of critical-mass stars caused by attractive self-interaction of the axionlike particles and find that these processes proceed in an unexpected universal way. First, nonlinear self-similar evolution (called "wave collapse" in condensed matter physics) forces the particles to fall into the star center. Second, interactions in the dense center create an outgoing stream of mildly relativistic particles which carries away an essential part of the star mass...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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