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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925743/subhalo-abundance-matching-in-f-r-gravity
#1
Jian-Hua He, Baojiu Li, Carlton M Baugh
Using the liminality N-body simulations of Shi et al., we present the first predictions for galaxy clustering in f(R) gravity using subhalo abundance matching. We find that, for a given galaxy density, even for an f(R) model with f_{R0}=-10^{-6}, for which the cold dark matter clustering is very similar to the cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant (ΛCDM), the predicted clustering of galaxies in the f(R) model is very different from ΛCDM. The deviation can be as large as 40% for samples with mean densities close to that of L_{*} galaxies...
November 25, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911563/codecaying-dark-matter
#2
Jeff Asaf Dror, Eric Kuflik, Wee Hao Ng
We propose a new mechanism for thermal dark matter freeze-out, called codecaying dark matter. Multicomponent dark sectors with degenerate particles and out-of-equilibrium decays can codecay to obtain the observed relic density. The dark matter density is exponentially depleted through the decay of nearly degenerate particles rather than from Boltzmann suppression. The relic abundance is set by the dark matter annihilation cross section, which is predicted to be boosted, and the decay rate of the dark sector particles...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896730/scaling-up-the-phylogenetic-detection-of-lateral-gene-transfer-events
#3
Cheong Xin Chan, Robert G Beiko, Mark A Ragan
Lateral genetic transfer (LGT) is the process by which genetic material moves between organisms (and viruses) in the biosphere. Among the many approaches developed for the inference of LGT events from DNA sequence data, methods based on the comparison of phylogenetic trees remain the gold standard for many types of problem. Identifying LGT events from sequenced genomes typically involves a series of steps in which homologous sequences are identified and aligned, phylogenetic trees are inferred, and their topologies are compared to identify unexpected or conflicting relationships...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886485/radial-acceleration-relation-in-rotationally-supported-galaxies
#4
Stacy S McGaugh, Federico Lelli, James M Schombert
We report a correlation between the radial acceleration traced by rotation curves and that predicted by the observed distribution of baryons. The same relation is followed by 2693 points in 153 galaxies with very different morphologies, masses, sizes, and gas fractions. The correlation persists even when dark matter dominates. Consequently, the dark matter contribution is fully specified by that of the baryons. The observed scatter is small and largely dominated by observational uncertainties. This radial acceleration relation is tantamount to a natural law for rotating galaxies...
November 11, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886472/stochastic-gravitational-wave-background-due-to-primordial-binary-black-hole-mergers
#5
Vuk Mandic, Simeon Bird, Ilias Cholis
Recent Advanced LIGO detections of binary black hole mergers have prompted multiple studies investigating the possibility that the heavy GW150914 binary system was of primordial origin, and hence could be evidence for dark matter in the form of black holes. We compute the stochastic background arising from the incoherent superposition of such primordial binary black hole systems in the Universe and compare it to the similar background spectrum due to binary black hole systems of stellar origin. We investigate the possibility of detecting this background with future gravitational-wave detectors, and conclude that constraining the dark matter component in the form of black holes using stochastic gravitational-wave background measurements will be very challenging...
November 11, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876768/gut-microbiota-culturomics-illuminating-microbial-dark-matter
#6
Iain Dickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835022/lightest-visible-sector-supersymmetric-particle-is-likely-to-be-unstable
#7
Bobby S Acharya, Sebastian A R Ellis, Gordon L Kane, Brent D Nelson, Malcolm J Perry
We argue, based on typical properties of known solutions of string or M theory, that the lightest supersymmetric particle of the visible sector is likely to be unstable. In other words, dark matter is probably not a particle with standard model quantum numbers, such as a weakly interacting massive particle. The argument is simple and based on the typical occurrence of (a) hidden sectors, (b) interactions between the standard model (visible) sector and these hidden sectors, and (c) the lack of an argument against massive neutral hidden sector particles being lighter than the lightest visible supersymmetric particle...
October 28, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833599/physiological-ecology-of-microorganisms-in-subglacial-lake-whillans
#8
Trista J Vick-Majors, Andrew C Mitchell, Amanda M Achberger, Brent C Christner, John E Dore, Alexander B Michaud, Jill A Mikucki, Alicia M Purcell, Mark L Skidmore, John C Priscu
Subglacial microbial habitats are widespread in glaciated regions of our planet. Some of these environments have been isolated from the atmosphere and from sunlight for many thousands of years. Consequently, ecosystem processes must rely on energy gained from the oxidation of inorganic substrates or detrital organic matter. Subglacial Lake Whillans (SLW) is one of more than 400 subglacial lakes known to exist under the Antarctic ice sheet; however, little is known about microbial physiology and energetics in these systems...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822618/enrichment-of-cryoconite-hole-anaerobes-implications-for-the-subglacial-microbiome
#9
Marek K Zdanowski, Albert Bogdanowicz, Jan Gawor, Robert Gromadka, Dorota Wolicka, Jakub Grzesiak
Glaciers have recently been recognized as ecosystems comprised of several distinct habitats: a sunlit and oxygenated glacial surface, glacial ice, and a dark, mostly anoxic glacial bed. Surface meltwaters annually flood the subglacial sediments by means of drainage channels. Glacial surfaces host aquatic microhabitats called cryoconite holes, regarded as "hot spots" of microbial abundance and activity, largely contributing to the meltwaters' bacterial diversity. This study presents an investigation of cryoconite hole anaerobes and discusses their possible impact on subglacial microbial communities, combining 16S rRNA gene fragment amplicon sequencing and the traditional enrichment culture technique...
November 7, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819288/excitonic-linewidth-and-coherence-lifetime-in-monolayer-transition-metal-dichalcogenides
#10
Malte Selig, Gunnar Berghäuser, Archana Raja, Philipp Nagler, Christian Schüller, Tony F Heinz, Tobias Korn, Alexey Chernikov, Ermin Malic, Andreas Knorr
Atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides are direct-gap semiconductors with strong light-matter and Coulomb interactions. The latter accounts for tightly bound excitons, which dominate their optical properties. Besides the optically accessible bright excitons, these systems exhibit a variety of dark excitonic states. They are not visible in the optical spectra, but can strongly influence the coherence lifetime and the linewidth of the emission from bright exciton states. Here, we investigate the microscopic origin of the excitonic coherence lifetime in two representative materials (WS2 and MoSe2) through a study combining microscopic theory with spectroscopic measurements...
November 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818655/prokaryotic-responses-to-ammonium-and-organic-carbon-reveal-alternative-co2-fixation-pathways-and-importance-of-alkaline-phosphatase-in-the-mesopelagic-north-atlantic
#11
Federico Baltar, Daniel Lundin, Joakim Palovaara, Itziar Lekunberri, Thomas Reinthaler, Gerhard J Herndl, Jarone Pinhassi
To decipher the response of mesopelagic prokaryotic communities to input of nutrients, we tracked changes in prokaryotic abundance, extracellular enzymatic activities, heterotrophic production, dark dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) fixation, community composition (16S rRNA sequencing) and community gene expression (metatranscriptomics) in 3 microcosm experiments with water from the mesopelagic North Atlantic. Responses in 3 different treatments amended with thiosulfate, ammonium or organic matter (i.e., pyruvate plus acetate) were compared to unamended controls...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810634/early-plant-embryogenesis-dark-ages-or-dark-matter
#12
REVIEW
Martin Bayer, Daniel Slane, Gerd Jürgens
In nearly all flowering plants, the basic body plan is laid down during embryogenesis. In Arabidopsis, the crucial cell types are established extremely early as reflected in the stereotypic sequence of oriented cell divisions in the developing young embryo. Research into early embryogenesis was especially focused on the role of the infamous tryptophan derivative auxin in establishing embryo polarity and generating the main body axis. However, it is becoming obvious that the mere link to auxin does not provide any mechanistic understanding of early embryo patterning...
October 31, 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808190/calculation-of-the-axion-mass-based-on-high-temperature-lattice-quantum-chromodynamics
#13
S Borsanyi, Z Fodor, J Guenther, K-H Kampert, S D Katz, T Kawanai, T G Kovacs, S W Mages, A Pasztor, F Pittler, J Redondo, A Ringwald, K K Szabo
Unlike the electroweak sector of the standard model of particle physics, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is surprisingly symmetric under time reversal. As there is no obvious reason for QCD being so symmetric, this phenomenon poses a theoretical problem, often referred to as the strong CP problem. The most attractive solution for this requires the existence of a new particle, the axion-a promising dark-matter candidate. Here we determine the axion mass using lattice QCD, assuming that these particles are the dominant component of dark matter...
November 2, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798569/in-the-dark-about-dark-matter
#14
Lee Billings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775925/a-facility-to-search-for-hidden-particles-at-the-cern-sps-the-ship-physics-case
#15
Sergey Alekhin, Wolfgang Altmannshofer, Takehiko Asaka, Brian Batell, Fedor Bezrukov, Kyrylo Bondarenko, Alexey Boyarsky, Ki-Young Choi, Cristóbal Corral, Nathaniel Craig, David Curtin, Sacha Davidson, André de Gouvêa, Stefano Dell'Oro, Patrick deNiverville, P S Bhupal Dev, Herbi Dreiner, Marco Drewes, Shintaro Eijima, Rouven Essig, Anthony Fradette, Björn Garbrecht, Belen Gavela, Gian F Giudice, Mark D Goodsell, Dmitry Gorbunov, Stefania Gori, Christophe Grojean, Alberto Guffanti, Thomas Hambye, Steen H Hansen, Juan Carlos Helo, Pilar Hernandez, Alejandro Ibarra, Artem Ivashko, Eder Izaguirre, Joerg Jaeckel, Yu Seon Jeong, Felix Kahlhoefer, Yonatan Kahn, Andrey Katz, Choong Sun Kim, Sergey Kovalenko, Gordan Krnjaic, Valery E Lyubovitskij, Simone Marcocci, Matthew Mccullough, David McKeen, Guenakh Mitselmakher, Sven-Olaf Moch, Rabindra N Mohapatra, David E Morrissey, Maksym Ovchynnikov, Emmanuel Paschos, Apostolos Pilaftsis, Maxim Pospelov, Mary Hall Reno, Andreas Ringwald, Adam Ritz, Leszek Roszkowski, Valery Rubakov, Oleg Ruchayskiy, Ingo Schienbein, Daniel Schmeier, Kai Schmidt-Hoberg, Pedro Schwaller, Goran Senjanovic, Osamu Seto, Mikhail Shaposhnikov, Lesya Shchutska, Jessie Shelton, Robert Shrock, Brian Shuve, Michael Spannowsky, Andy Spray, Florian Staub, Daniel Stolarski, Matt Strassler, Vladimir Tello, Francesco Tramontano, Anurag Tripathi, Sean Tulin, Francesco Vissani, Martin W Winkler, Kathryn M Zurek
This paper describes the physics case for a new fixed target facility at CERN SPS. The SHiP (search for hidden particles) experiment is intended to hunt for new physics in the largely unexplored domain of very weakly interacting particles with masses below the Fermi scale, inaccessible to the LHC experiments, and to study tau neutrino physics. The same proton beam setup can be used later to look for decays of tau-leptons with lepton flavour number non-conservation, [Formula: see text] and to search for weakly-interacting sub-GeV dark matter candidates...
December 2016: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768353/uncoupled-dark-states-can-inherit-polaritonic-properties
#16
Carlos Gonzalez-Ballestero, Johannes Feist, Eduardo Gonzalo Badía, Esteban Moreno, Francisco J Garcia-Vidal
When a collection of quantum emitters interacts with an electromagnetic field, the whole system can enter into the collective strong coupling regime in which hybrid light-matter states, i.e., polaritons can be created. Only a small portion of excitations in the emitters are coupled to the light field, and there are many dark states that, in principle, retain their pure excitonic nature. Here we theoretically demonstrate that these dark states can have a delocalized character, which is inherent to polaritons, despite the fact that they do not have a photonic component...
October 7, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768338/h-e-s-s-limits-on-linelike-dark-matter-signatures-in-the-100%C3%A2-gev-to-2%C3%A2-tev-energy-range-close-to-the-galactic-center
#17
H Abdalla, A Abramowski, F Aharonian, F Ait Benkhali, A G Akhperjanian, T Andersson, E O Angüner, M Arrieta, P Aubert, M Backes, A Balzer, M Barnard, Y Becherini, J Becker Tjus, D Berge, S Bernhard, K Bernlöhr, E Birsin, R Blackwell, M Böttcher, C Boisson, J Bolmont, P Bordas, J Bregeon, F Brun, P Brun, M Bryan, T Bulik, M Capasso, J Carr, S Casanova, N Chakraborty, R Chalme-Calvet, R C G Chaves, A Chen, J Chevalier, M Chrétien, S Colafrancesco, G Cologna, B Condon, J Conrad, C Couturier, Y Cui, I D Davids, B Degrange, C Deil, J Devin, P deWilt, A Djannati-Ataï, W Domainko, A Donath, L O'C Drury, G Dubus, K Dutson, J Dyks, M Dyrda, T Edwards, K Egberts, P Eger, J-P Ernenwein, S Eschbach, C Farnier, S Fegan, M V Fernandes, A Fiasson, G Fontaine, A Förster, S Funk, M Füßling, S Gabici, M Gajdus, Y A Gallant, T Garrigoux, G Giavitto, B Giebels, J F Glicenstein, D Gottschall, A Goyal, M-H Grondin, M Grudzińska, D Hadasch, J Hahn, J Hawkes, G Heinzelmann, G Henri, G Hermann, O Hervet, A Hillert, J A Hinton, W Hofmann, C Hoischen, M Holler, D Horns, A Ivascenko, A Jacholkowska, M Jamrozy, M Janiak, D Jankowsky, F Jankowsky, M Jingo, T Jogler, L Jouvin, I Jung-Richardt, M A Kastendieck, K Katarzyński, U Katz, D Kerszberg, B Khélifi, M Kieffer, J King, S Klepser, D Klochkov, W Kluźniak, D Kolitzus, Nu Komin, K Kosack, S Krakau, M Kraus, F Krayzel, P P Krüger, H Laffon, G Lamanna, J Lau, J-P Lees, J Lefaucheur, V Lefranc, A Lemière, M Lemoine-Goumard, J-P Lenain, E Leser, R Liu, T Lohse, M Lorentz, I Lypova, V Marandon, A Marcowith, C Mariaud, R Marx, G Maurin, N Maxted, M Mayer, P J Meintjes, M Meyer, A M W Mitchell, R Moderski, M Mohamed, K Morå, E Moulin, T Murach, M de Naurois, F Niederwanger, J Niemiec, L Oakes, P O'Brien, H Odaka, S Ohm, M Ostrowski, S Öttl, I Oya, M Padovani, M Panter, R D Parsons, M Paz Arribas, N W Pekeur, G Pelletier, C Perennes, P-O Petrucci, B Peyaud, S Pita, H Poon, D Prokhorov, H Prokoph, G Pühlhofer, M Punch, A Quirrenbach, S Raab, A Reimer, O Reimer, M Renaud, R de Los Reyes, F Rieger, C Romoli, S Rosier-Lees, G Rowell, B Rudak, C B Rulten, V Sahakian, D Salek, D A Sanchez, A Santangelo, M Sasaki, R Schlickeiser, F Schüssler, A Schulz, U Schwanke, S Schwemmer, M Settimo, A S Seyffert, N Shafi, I Shilon, R Simoni, H Sol, F Spanier, G Spengler, F Spies, Ł Stawarz, R Steenkamp, C Stegmann, F Stinzing, K Stycz, I Sushch, J-P Tavernet, T Tavernier, A M Taylor, R Terrier, L Tibaldo, M Tluczykont, C Trichard, R Tuffs, J van der Walt, C van Eldik, B van Soelen, G Vasileiadis, J Veh, C Venter, A Viana, P Vincent, J Vink, F Voisin, H J Völk, T Vuillaume, Z Wadiasingh, S J Wagner, P Wagner, R M Wagner, R White, A Wierzcholska, P Willmann, A Wörnlein, D Wouters, R Yang, V Zabalza, D Zaborov, M Zacharias, A A Zdziarski, A Zech, F Zefi, A Ziegler, N Żywucka
: A search for dark matter linelike signals iss performed in the vicinity of the Galactic Center by the H.E.S.S. experiment on observational data taken in 2014. An unbinned likelihood analysis iss developed to improve the sensitivity to linelike signals. The upgraded analysis along with newer data extend the energy coverage of the previous measurement down to 100 GeV. The 18 h of data collected with the H.E.S.S. array allow one to rule out at 95% C.L. the presence of a 130 GeV line (at l=-1...
October 7, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768330/erratum-axion-dark-matter-coupling-to-resonant-photons-via-magnetic-field-phys-rev-lett-116-161804-2016
#18
Ben T McAllister, Stephen R Parker, Michael E Tobar
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.161804.
October 7, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762554/performance-of-dark-chemical-matter-in-high-throughput-screening
#19
Ingo Muegge, Prasenjit Mukherjee
A statistical analysis of 203 high-throughput screens was conducted studying the propensity of small molecules in the Boehringer Ingelheim screening deck to show biological activity after having tested as inactive previously in a growing number of screening assays. Dark chemical matter (DCM) compounds, which have been tested and found to be inactive in 50 or more assays, exhibit hit rates that are comparable to those of compounds tested in much fewer assays. Only compounds tested as inactive in 125 or more assays started showing a hit rate deterioration of up to 40% compared to compounds tested in less than 25 assays...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748032/single-cell-genomics-based-on-raman-sorting-reveals-novel-carotenoid-containing-bacteria-in-the-red-sea
#20
Yizhi Song, Anne-Kristin Kaster, John Vollmers, Yanqing Song, Paul A Davison, Martinique Frentrup, Gail M Preston, Ian P Thompson, J Colin Murrell, Huabing Yin, C Neil Hunter, Wei E Huang
Cell sorting coupled with single-cell genomics is a powerful tool to circumvent cultivation of microorganisms and reveal microbial 'dark matter'. Single-cell Raman spectra (SCRSs) are label-free biochemical 'fingerprints' of individual cells, which can link the sorted cells to their phenotypic information and ecological functions. We employed a novel Raman-activated cell ejection (RACE) approach to sort single bacterial cells from a water sample in the Red Sea based on SCRS. Carotenoids are highly diverse pigments and play an important role in phototrophic bacteria, giving strong and distinctive Raman spectra...
October 17, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
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