keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstructive defaecation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886434/integrated-total-pelvic-floor-ultrasound-in-pelvic-floor-defaecatory-dysfunction
#1
Alison J Hainsworth, Deepa Solanki, Ahmed Hamad, Samantha J Morris, Alexis M P Schizas, Andrew B Williams
INTRODUCTION: Imaging for pelvic floor defaecatory dysfunction includes defaecation proctography. Integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound (transvaginal, transperineal, endoanal) may be an alternative. This study assesses ultrasound accuracy for detection of rectocoele, intussusception, enterocoele and dyssynergy compared with defaecation proctography, and determines if ultrasound can predict symptoms and findings on proctography. Treatment is examined. METHODS: The images of 323 women who underwent integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound and defaecation proctography between 2011 and 2014 were blindly reviewed...
November 24, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338231/the-role-of-the-defaecating-pouchogram-in-the-assessment-of-evacuation-difficulty-after-restorative-proctocolectomy-and-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#2
M E Stellingwerf, Y Maeda, U Patel, C J Vaizey, J Warusavitarne, W A Bemelman, S K Clark
AIM: Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the most frequently performed operation for intractable ulcerative colitis (UC) and for many patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). It can be complicated by a functional evacuation difficulty, which is not well understood. We aimed to evaluate the role of defaecating pouchography in an attempt to assess the mechanism of evacuation difficulty in pouch patients. METHOD: All RPC patients who had had a defaecating pouchogram for evacuation difficulty at one hospital between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590487/pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-review
#3
Hans Peter Dietz
BACKGROUND: Female pelvic floor dysfunction encompasses a number of prevalent clinical conditions including urinary and faecal incontinence, obstructed defaecation, sexual dysfunction and female pelvic organ prolapse (FPOP). The latter is the most common condition and most likely to require surgical treatment. Neither aetiology nor pathophysiology of FPOP is fully understood. OBJECTIVE: This review will focus on the diagnosis and management of FPOP in primary care, but will also refer to recent research into aetiology, diagnosis, management and prevention of this condition...
July 2015: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25577276/laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-using-biologic-mesh-for-the-treatment-of-obstructed-defaecation-syndrome-and-or-faecal-incontinence-in-patients-with-internal-rectal-prolapse-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-first-100-cases
#4
L Franceschilli, D Varvaras, I Capuano, C I Ciangola, F Giorgi, G Boehm, A L Gaspari, P Sileri
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVR) is gaining wider acceptance as the preferred procedure to correct internal as well as external rectal prolapse associated with obstructed defaecation syndrome and/or faecal incontinence. Very few reports exist on the use of biologic mesh for LVR. The aim of our study was to report the complication and recurrence rate of our first 100 cases of LVR for symptomatic internal rectal prolapse and/or rectocele using a porcine dermal collagen mesh...
April 2015: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25524660/is-group-pelvic-floor-retraining-as-effective-as-individual-treatment
#5
H J S Jones, M P Gosselink, S Fourie, I Lindsey
AIM: Traditionally, pelvic floor retraining for faecal incontinence or obstructed defaecation has been delivered to patients through individual sessions with a specialist pelvic floor nurse, a resource-intensive practice. This study aimed to assess whether a similar outcome can be achieved by delivering retraining to patients in small groups, allowing considerable savings in the use of resources. METHOD: Data were collected prospectively in a pelvic floor database...
June 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25382580/laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-for-obstructed-defaecation-syndrome-time-for-a-critical-appraisal
#6
L Lundby, S Laurberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25326125/anterior-resection-syndrome-a-risk-factor-analysis
#7
Cameron I Wells, Ryash Vather, Michael J J Chu, Jason P Robertson, Ian P Bissett
BACKGROUND: Evacuatory dysfunction after distal colorectal resection varies from incontinence to obstructed defaecation and is termed anterior resection syndrome. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for the development of anterior resection syndrome. METHODS: All anterior resections undertaken at Auckland Hospital from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively evaluated. An assortment of patient and peri-operative variables were recorded. Cases were stratified by the occurrence of anterior resection syndrome symptoms from 1 to 5 years post-operatively...
February 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25310924/case-matched-series-of-a-non-cross-linked-biologic-versus-non-absorbable-mesh-in-laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy
#8
James W Ogilvie, Andrew R L Stevenson, Michael Powar
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVR) is an emerging technique for selected patients with rectal prolapse and obstructed defaecation syndrome. Data are insufficient to conclude which type of mesh affords the greatest benefit. Our aim was to compare the outcomes of LVR using a non-cross-linked biologic versus a permanent mesh. METHODS: Twenty nine cases of LVR with permanent mesh were matched based on age and surgical indication with an equal number of patients using biologic mesh...
December 2014: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25217327/the-long-term-management-and-outcomes-of-cloacal-anomalies
#9
REVIEW
M Ashani Fernando, Sarah M Creighton, Dan Wood
Cloacal anomalies occur when failure of the urogenital septum to separate the cloacal membrane results in the urethra, vagina, rectum and anus opening into a single common channel. The reported incidence is 1:50,000 live births. Short-term paediatric outcomes of surgery are well reported and survival into adulthood is now usual, but long-term outcome data are less comprehensive. Chronic renal failure is reported to occur in 50 % of patients with cloacal anomalies, and 26-72 % (dependant on the length of the common channel) of patients experience urinary incontinence in adult life...
May 2015: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25186920/ventral-colporectopexy-for-overt-rectal-prolapse-and-obstructed-defaecation-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
N Gouvas, P A Georgiou, C Agalianos, E Tan, P Tekkis, C Dervenis, E Xynos
AIM: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (VR) with the use of prosthesis has been advocated for both overt rectal prolapse (ORP) and obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS). The present study reviews the short-term and functional results of laparoscopic VR. METHOD: A search was performed of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid and Cochrane databases on all studies reporting on VR for ORP, ODS and other anatomical abnormalities of the pelvic floor from 2004 until February 2013. No language restrictions were made...
February 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25175930/laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-in-male-patients-with-internal-or-external-rectal-prolapse
#11
A E Owais, H Sumrien, K Mabey, K McCarthy, G L Greenslade, A R Dixon
AIM: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) has been used to treat rectal prolapse, obstructed defaecation (OD), faecal incontinence (FI) and multicompartment pelvic floor dysfunction. Its value in treating men has been questioned. The aim of the present study was to assess the results in male patients. METHOD: A password-protected electronic database of all LVMRs carried out in North Bristol NHS trust & Spire hospital between 2002 and 2013 was examined. In addition to the clinical outcome, quality of life (QoL), Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score (CCIS), obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) score, visual analogue score (VAS) for the severity of bowel and urinary symptoms and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and patient-reported outcome measures were evaluated...
December 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24968428/massive-prolapsed-haemorrhoids-managed-by-ablation-and-correction-in-a-poor-resourced-area
#12
Elroy Patrick Weledji, George Enow Orock, Leopold Aminde
More recently some patients with rectal mucosal prolapse and obstructive defaecation have been treated with the procedure for prolapse and haemorrhoids. We report a case of symptomatic chronic circumferentially prolapsed haemorrhoids that had several failed attempts at surgical repair. This was finally managed by ablation and correction of the associated rectal mucosal prolapse by a modified 'Delorme's procedure akin to a stapled anopexy.
2013: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24846080/defaecography-and-colonic-transit-time-for-the-evaluation-of-female-patients-with-obstructed-defaecation
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maria Cosentino, Claudio Beati, Simona Fornari, Emanuela Capalbo, Michela Peli, Maria Lovisatti, Maurizio Cariati, Gianpaolo Cornalba
PURPOSE: Colonic transit time and defaecography are well known, commonly used studies for evaluating patients with chronic constipation. The aim of this study was to compare colonic transit time with radiopaque markers and defaecography in female patients with obstructed defaecation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective observational study, between January 2010 and December 2012, a total of 30 female patients, mean age 60 years, with symptoms of obstructed defaecation were subjected to colonic transit time and defaecography, and divided into two groups: normal or abnormal colon transit time...
November 2014: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24678526/laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-is-effective-for-solitary-rectal-ulcer-syndrome-when-associated-with-rectal-prolapse
#14
C Evans, E Ong, O M Jones, C Cunningham, I Lindsey
AIM: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is uncommon and its management is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with SRUS who underwent laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR). METHOD: A review was performed of a prospective database at the Oxford Pelvic Floor Centre to identify patients between 2004 and 2012 with a histological diagnosis of SRUS. All were initially treated conservatively and surgical treatment was indicated only for patients with significant symptoms after failed conservative management...
March 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24566425/mesh-fistulation-into-the-rectum-after-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy
#15
Dayo Adeyemo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) is an effective method of management of functional disorders of the rectum including symptomatic rectal intussusception, and obstructed defaecation. Despite the technical demands of the procedure and common use of foreign body (mesh), the incidence of mesh related severe complications of the rectum is very low. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63 year old woman presented with recurrent pelvic sepsis following a mesh rectopexy...
2014: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24450861/the-three-axial-perineal-evaluation-tape-score-a-new-scoring-system-for-comprehensive-evaluation-of-pelvic-floor-function
#16
D F Altomare, M Di Lena, S Giuratrabocchetta, I Giannini, M Falagario, A P Zbar, T Rockwood
AIM: Abnormalities of one pelvic floor compartment are usually associated with anomalies in the other compartments. Therapies which specifically address one clinical problem may potentially adversely affect other pelvic floor activities. A new comprehensive holistic scoring system defining global pelvic function is presented. METHOD: A novel scoring system with a software program is presented expressing faecal, urinary and gynaecological functions as a geometric polygon based on symptom-specific questionnaires [the three axial pelvic evaluation (TAPE) score] where differences in overall geometric area vary from normal...
June 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24440981/an-unusual-ischiorectal-fossa-mass
#17
Cillian Clancy, Zafar Iqbal, Margaret Sheehan, Myles R Joyce
INTRODUCTION: Peri-anal fistulae commonly present with collections requiring surgical intervention. The most common cause of a peri-anal mass is abscess formation secondary to anal gland sepsis. In certain patient groups such as those over 65 or with atypical presenting symptoms there are other important considerations. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year old male was referred by his general practitioner with symptoms of obstructed defaecation and a palpable mass in the ischiorectal fossa...
2014: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24125518/impact-of-slow-transit-constipation-on-the-outcome-of-laparoscopic-ventral-rectopexy-for-obstructed-defaecation-associated-with-high-grade-internal-rectal-prolapse
#18
M P Gosselink, S Adusumilli, C Harmston, N A Wijffels, O M Jones, C Cunningham, I Lindsey
AIM: Limited literature exists on whether slow colonic transit adversely influences the results of outlet obstruction surgery. We compared the functional results of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) for obstructed defaecation secondary to high grade internal rectal prolapse in patients with normal and slow colonic transit. METHOD: Consecutive patients suffering from obstructed defaecation associated with an internal rectal prolapse, who underwent an LVR between 2007 and 2011, were identified from a prospective database...
December 2013: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24118694/perineal-body-repair-in-patients-with-third-degree-rectocele-a-critical-analysis-of-the-tissue-fixation-system
#19
F M E Wagenlehner, E Del Amo, G A Santoro, P Petros
AIM: We describe the technique of tissue fixation system (TFS) perineal body repair in patients presenting with symptomatic third degree rectocele. METHOD: The single sling TFS perineal body repair is performed in three surgical steps: (i) dissection of the rectum off the vagina and laterally displaced perineal body; (ii) identification of the deep transverse perineii muscles beyond their insertion point behind the descending pubic ramus; (iii) elevation and approximation of the separated and laterally displaced perineal bodies by insertion, without tension, of non-stretch 7 mm polypropylene tape into the bodies of the deep transverse perineii muscles...
December 2013: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23895633/is-robotic-assisted-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-superior-to-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-in-the-management-of-obstructed-defaecation
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S Mantoo, J Podevin, N Regenet, J Rigaud, P-A Lehur, G Meurette
AIM: Function, morbidity and recurrence of symptoms after robotic-assisted ventral mesh rectopexy (RVMR) and laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) for pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) were compared. METHOD: Forty-four patients operated on for PFD with RVMR were compared with 74 of 144 patients who had had LVMR performed between 2008 and 2011. The groups were matched for age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists status and previous hysterectomy...
August 2013: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
keyword
keyword
43472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"