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Obstructive defaecation

Michele Schiano di Visconte, Francesco Nicolì, Arianna Pasquali, Gabriele Bellio
PURPOSE: The long-term efficacy of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) for surgical management of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) has not been evaluated. Therefore, we investigated the long-term efficacy (>10 years) of STARR for treatment of ODS related to rectocele or rectal intussusception and the factors that predict treatment outcome. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis conducted on prospectively collected data. Seventy-four consecutive patients who underwent STARR for ODS between January 2005 and December 2006 in two Italian hospitals were included...
January 24, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Sofia García-Pertierra, Esteban Gonzàlez-Gasch, Carmen Catalá Puyol, Jose María Closa Boixeda
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented to our referral centre with a 13 month history of chronic tenesmus due to malunion of the right caudal iliac body. Constipation and pelvic canal stenosis were initially addressed by the referring veterinarian with a right femoral head and neck excision and a right acetabulectomy without observable clinical improvement. At admission, abdominal radiographs revealed severe colonic distension and a narrowed pelvic canal caused by the right proximal femur...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
A M Hogan, P Tejedor, I Lindsey, O Jones, R Hompes, K J Gorissen, C Cunningham
AIM: Surgical management of rectal prolapse varies considerably. Most surgeons are reluctant to use ventral mesh rectopexy in young women until they have completed their family. The aim of the present study was to review outcomes of pregnancy following laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy from a tertiary referral centre over a 10-year period (2006-2016) and to review the impact on pelvic floor symptoms. METHOD: We undertook a retrospective review of a prospectively compiled database of patients who had undergone laparoscopic ventral rectopexy in a single centre over a 10-year period...
September 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
A Zafar, C Seretis, M Feretis, S Karandikar, S C Williams, M Goldstein, M Chapman
AIM: Obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS) is a common condition of multifactorial aetiology and requires specialised evaluation. Accurate and reproducible pelvic floor imaging is imperative for multidisciplinary decision-making. Evacuation Proctography (EP) and Magnetic Resonance Defaecography (MRD) are the main imaging modalities used to assess dynamic pelvic floor function. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the findings and acceptability of MRD and EP in the same cohort of patients...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
A J Hainsworth, D Solanki, A Hamad, S J Morris, A M P Schizas, A B Williams
AIM: Imaging for pelvic floor defaecatory dysfunction includes defaecation proctography. Integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound (transvaginal, transperineal, endoanal) may be an alternative. This study assesses ultrasound accuracy for the detection of rectocele, intussusception, enterocele and dyssynergy compared with defaecation proctography, and determines if ultrasound can predict symptoms and findings on proctography. Treatment is examined. METHOD: Images of 323 women who underwent integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound and defaecation proctography between 2011 and 2014 were blindly reviewed...
January 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
M E Stellingwerf, Y Maeda, U Patel, C J Vaizey, J Warusavitarne, W A Bemelman, S K Clark
AIM: Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the most frequently performed operation for intractable ulcerative colitis (UC) and for many patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). It can be complicated by a functional evacuation difficulty, which is not well understood. We aimed to evaluate the role of defaecating pouchography in an attempt to assess the mechanism of evacuation difficulty in pouch patients. METHOD: All RPC patients who had had a defaecating pouchogram for evacuation difficulty at one hospital between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Hans Peter Dietz
BACKGROUND: Female pelvic floor dysfunction encompasses a number of prevalent clinical conditions including urinary and faecal incontinence, obstructed defaecation, sexual dysfunction and female pelvic organ prolapse (FPOP). The latter is the most common condition and most likely to require surgical treatment. Neither aetiology nor pathophysiology of FPOP is fully understood. OBJECTIVE: This review will focus on the diagnosis and management of FPOP in primary care, but will also refer to recent research into aetiology, diagnosis, management and prevention of this condition...
July 2015: Australian Family Physician
L Franceschilli, D Varvaras, I Capuano, C I Ciangola, F Giorgi, G Boehm, A L Gaspari, P Sileri
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVR) is gaining wider acceptance as the preferred procedure to correct internal as well as external rectal prolapse associated with obstructed defaecation syndrome and/or faecal incontinence. Very few reports exist on the use of biologic mesh for LVR. The aim of our study was to report the complication and recurrence rate of our first 100 cases of LVR for symptomatic internal rectal prolapse and/or rectocele using a porcine dermal collagen mesh...
April 2015: Techniques in Coloproctology
H J S Jones, M P Gosselink, S Fourie, I Lindsey
AIM: Traditionally, pelvic floor retraining for faecal incontinence or obstructed defaecation has been delivered to patients through individual sessions with a specialist pelvic floor nurse, a resource-intensive practice. This study aimed to assess whether a similar outcome can be achieved by delivering retraining to patients in small groups, allowing considerable savings in the use of resources. METHOD: Data were collected prospectively in a pelvic floor database...
June 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
L Lundby, S Laurberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Cameron I Wells, Ryash Vather, Michael J J Chu, Jason P Robertson, Ian P Bissett
BACKGROUND: Evacuatory dysfunction after distal colorectal resection varies from incontinence to obstructed defaecation and is termed anterior resection syndrome. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for the development of anterior resection syndrome. METHODS: All anterior resections undertaken at Auckland Hospital from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively evaluated. An assortment of patient and peri-operative variables were recorded. Cases were stratified by the occurrence of anterior resection syndrome symptoms from 1 to 5 years post-operatively...
February 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
James W Ogilvie, Andrew R L Stevenson, Michael Powar
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVR) is an emerging technique for selected patients with rectal prolapse and obstructed defaecation syndrome. Data are insufficient to conclude which type of mesh affords the greatest benefit. Our aim was to compare the outcomes of LVR using a non-cross-linked biologic versus a permanent mesh. METHODS: Twenty nine cases of LVR with permanent mesh were matched based on age and surgical indication with an equal number of patients using biologic mesh...
December 2014: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
M Ashani Fernando, Sarah M Creighton, Dan Wood
Cloacal anomalies occur when failure of the urogenital septum to separate the cloacal membrane results in the urethra, vagina, rectum and anus opening into a single common channel. The reported incidence is 1:50,000 live births. Short-term paediatric outcomes of surgery are well reported and survival into adulthood is now usual, but long-term outcome data are less comprehensive. Chronic renal failure is reported to occur in 50 % of patients with cloacal anomalies, and 26-72 % (dependant on the length of the common channel) of patients experience urinary incontinence in adult life...
May 2015: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
N Gouvas, P A Georgiou, C Agalianos, E Tan, P Tekkis, C Dervenis, E Xynos
AIM: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (VR) with the use of prosthesis has been advocated for both overt rectal prolapse (ORP) and obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS). The present study reviews the short-term and functional results of laparoscopic VR. METHOD: A search was performed of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid and Cochrane databases on all studies reporting on VR for ORP, ODS and other anatomical abnormalities of the pelvic floor from 2004 until February 2013. No language restrictions were made...
February 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
A E Owais, H Sumrien, K Mabey, K McCarthy, G L Greenslade, A R Dixon
AIM: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) has been used to treat rectal prolapse, obstructed defaecation (OD), faecal incontinence (FI) and multicompartment pelvic floor dysfunction. Its value in treating men has been questioned. The aim of the present study was to assess the results in male patients. METHOD: A password-protected electronic database of all LVMRs carried out in North Bristol NHS trust & Spire hospital between 2002 and 2013 was examined. In addition to the clinical outcome, quality of life (QoL), Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score (CCIS), obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) score, visual analogue score (VAS) for the severity of bowel and urinary symptoms and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and patient-reported outcome measures were evaluated...
December 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Elroy Patrick Weledji, George Enow Orock, Leopold Aminde
More recently some patients with rectal mucosal prolapse and obstructive defaecation have been treated with the procedure for prolapse and haemorrhoids. We report a case of symptomatic chronic circumferentially prolapsed haemorrhoids that had several failed attempts at surgical repair. This was finally managed by ablation and correction of the associated rectal mucosal prolapse by a modified 'Delorme's procedure akin to a stapled anopexy.
2013: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Maria Cosentino, Claudio Beati, Simona Fornari, Emanuela Capalbo, Michela Peli, Maria Lovisatti, Maurizio Cariati, Gianpaolo Cornalba
PURPOSE: Colonic transit time and defaecography are well known, commonly used studies for evaluating patients with chronic constipation. The aim of this study was to compare colonic transit time with radiopaque markers and defaecography in female patients with obstructed defaecation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective observational study, between January 2010 and December 2012, a total of 30 female patients, mean age 60 years, with symptoms of obstructed defaecation were subjected to colonic transit time and defaecography, and divided into two groups: normal or abnormal colon transit time...
November 2014: La Radiologia Medica
C Evans, E Ong, O M Jones, C Cunningham, I Lindsey
AIM: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is uncommon and its management is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with SRUS who underwent laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR). METHOD: A review was performed of a prospective database at the Oxford Pelvic Floor Centre to identify patients between 2004 and 2012 with a histological diagnosis of SRUS. All were initially treated conservatively and surgical treatment was indicated only for patients with significant symptoms after failed conservative management...
March 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Dayo Adeyemo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) is an effective method of management of functional disorders of the rectum including symptomatic rectal intussusception, and obstructed defaecation. Despite the technical demands of the procedure and common use of foreign body (mesh), the incidence of mesh related severe complications of the rectum is very low. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63 year old woman presented with recurrent pelvic sepsis following a mesh rectopexy...
2014: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
D F Altomare, M Di Lena, S Giuratrabocchetta, I Giannini, M Falagario, A P Zbar, T Rockwood
AIM: Abnormalities of one pelvic floor compartment are usually associated with anomalies in the other compartments. Therapies which specifically address one clinical problem may potentially adversely affect other pelvic floor activities. A new comprehensive holistic scoring system defining global pelvic function is presented. METHOD: A novel scoring system with a software program is presented expressing faecal, urinary and gynaecological functions as a geometric polygon based on symptom-specific questionnaires [the three axial pelvic evaluation (TAPE) score] where differences in overall geometric area vary from normal...
June 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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