keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

scrub typhus, dengue,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746378/acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-gorakhpur-uttar-pradesh-2016-clinical-and-laboratory-findings
#1
Mahima Mittal, Vijay Bondre, Manoj Murhekar, Hirawati Deval, Winsley Rose, Valsan Philip Verghese, Mahim Mittal, Gajanan Patil, R Sabarinathan, Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj, K Kanagasabai, John Antony Jude Prakash, Nivedita Gupta, Manish Gupte, Mohan D Gupte
BACKGROUND: Seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high fatality have been occurring in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India for several years. We conducted investigations during the 2016 outbreak, to identify the etiology. METHODS: We included 407 hospitalized AES patients with CSF pleocytosis (>5 cells/cmm) in our study. These patients were clinically examined; their blood and CSF samples were collected and investigated for scrub typhus (ST), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), dengue virus and spotted fever group of rickettsia (SFGR) by serology and/or PCR...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581051/febrile-illness-in-asia-gaps-in-epidemiology-diagnosis-management-for-informing-health-policy
#2
REVIEW
Poojan Shrestha, Tamalee Roberts, Anousin Homsana, Tin Ohn Myat, John A Crump, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence on the aetiology and management of fevers in Asia, the importance of which has risen with declines in malaria incidence. AIMS: To conduct a narrative review of the epidemiology and management of fevers in South and South-East Asia and to highlight gaps in our knowledge that impair evidence-based health policy decisions. SOURCES: A narrative review of papers published since 2012 of developments in fever epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment in South and South-East Asia...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509943/evaluation-of-haematological-and-volume-conductivity-and-scatter-parameters-of-leucocytes-for-aetiological-diagnosis-of-undifferentiated-fevers
#3
Vikas Shrivastava, Sohaib Ahmad, Garima Mittal, Vibha Gupta, Nadia Shirazi, Varun Kalra
Background: In this follow-up study, we aimed to establish the cut-off values of the volume, conductivity and scatter (VCS) parameters of leucocytes that significantly differ in dengue fever, malaria, scrub typhus and enteric fever, as described in our pilot study. Methods: A prospective observational case-control study was undertaken on patients with an established diagnosis of acute malaria (n=476), dengue fever (n=927), scrub typhus (n=425), bacterial sepsis (n=1598) or enteric fever (n=885) and the haematological and VCS data obtained by the Coulter LH 750 analyser were compared with controls...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460860/aetiology-of-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-uttar-pradesh-india-from-2014-to-2016
#4
Parul Jain, Shantanu Prakash, Danish N Khan, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Rashmi Kumar, Amit Bhagat, V Ramakrishna, Amita Jain
Background & objectives: It is imperative to know the aetiology of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) for patient management and policy making. The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of common aetiological agents of AES in Uttar Pradesh (UP) state of India. Methods: Serum and/or CSF samples were collected from AES patients admitted at Gandhi Memorial and Associated Hospital, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, a tertiary care centre, UP during 2014-16...
October 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405137/spectrum-of-infections-in-acute-febrile-illness-in-central-india
#5
Yogendra Pandurang Shelke, Vijayshri Suresh Deotale, Deepashri Laxmanrao Maraskolhe
INTRODUCTION: Infectious agent when enters in the host results in febrile illness. This may lead to increase in morbidity or even mortality in undiagnosed/untreated cases. There are many aetiological agents which lead to acute febrile illness. Among these aetiological agents, important is bacterial or viral aetiology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is: (i) To know the aetiological agents responsible for acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) by serological test or by bacterial culture and (ii) To know the clinical profile of AUFI...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978319/acute-undifferentiated-fever-in-india-a-multicentre-study-of-aetiology-and-diagnostic-accuracy
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kristine Mørch, Anand Manoharan, Sara Chandy, Novin Chacko, Gerardo Alvarez-Uria, Suvarna Patil, Anil Henry, Joel Nesaraj, Cijoy Kuriakose, Ashita Singh, Siby Kurian, Christel Gill Haanshuus, Nina Langeland, Bjørn Blomberg, George Vasanthan Antony, Dilip Mathai
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of malaria, bacteraemia, scrub typhus, leptospirosis, chikungunya and dengue among hospitalized patients with acute undifferentiated fever in India, and to describe the performance of standard diagnostic methods. METHODS: During April 2011-November 2012, 1564 patients aged ≥5 years with febrile illness for 2-14 days were consecutively included in an observational study at seven community hospitals in six states in India...
October 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820712/scrub-typhus-as-an-etiology-of-acute-febrile-illness-in-gorakhpur-uttar-pradesh-india-2016
#7
Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj, Mahima Mittal, Valsan Philip Verghese, C P Girish Kumar, Winsley Rose, R Sabarinathan, Ashok Kumar Pandey, Nivedita Gupta, Manoj Murhekar
Seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high mortality occur every year in Gorakhpur region of Uttar Pradesh, India. Earlier studies indicated the role of scrub typhus as the important etiology of AES in the region. AES cases were hospitalized late in the course of their illness. We established surveillance for acute febrile illness (AFI) (fever ≥ 4 days duration) in peripheral health facilities in Gorakhpur district to understand the relative contribution of scrub typhus. Of the 224 patients enrolled during the 3-month period corresponding to the peak of AES cases in the region, about one-fifth had immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against Orientia tsutsugamushi ...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763150/pneumonia-in-the-tropics
#8
REVIEW
Tow Keang Lim, Wen Ting Siow
Pneumonia in the tropics poses a heavy disease burden. The complex interplay of climate change, human migration influences and socio-economic factors lead to changing patterns of respiratory infections in tropical climate but also increasingly in temperate countries. Tropical and poorer countries, especially South East Asia, also bear the brunt of the global tuberculosis (TB) pandemic, accounting for almost one-third of the burden. But, as human migration patterns evolve, we expect to see more TB cases in higher income as well as temperate countries, and rise in infections like scrub typhus from ecotourism activities...
January 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386493/dengue-and-scrub-typhus-coinfection-in-a-patient-presenting-with-febrile-illness
#9
Surendra Sapkota, Sudeep Bhandari, Subash Sapkota, Rabin Hamal
Dengue fever and scrub typhus are common causes of acute febrile illness of unclear origin in Asia. Though coinfections of many vector-borne diseases have been described, articles on dengue and scrub typhus coinfection are distinctly limited. In case of coinfection with dengue and scrub typhus, vigilant monitoring of vitals, platelets transfusion, and timely treatment with doxycycline are necessary. High degree of suspicion has to be made for coinfection in a patient presenting with febrile illness with thrombocytopenia and deranged laboratory parameters in postmonsoon season in endemic regions in Asia...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250620/clinical-score-to-differentiate-scrub-typhus-and-dengue-a-tool-to-differentiate-scrub-typhus-and-dengue
#10
Shubhanker Mitra, Ira Gautam, Mohan Jambugulam, Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Vishalakshi Jayaseeelan
BACKGROUND: Dengue and scrub typhus share similar clinical and epidemiological features, and are difficult to differentiate at initial presentation. Many places are endemic to both these infections where they comprise the majority of acute undifferentiated febrile illnesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We aimed to develop a score that can differentiate scrub typhus from dengue. In this cross-sectional study, 188 cases of scrub typhus and 201 cases of dengue infection who presented to the emergency department or medicine outpatient clinic from September 2012 to April 2013 were included...
January 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144059/epidemiological-profile-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-a-tertiary-care-experience
#11
Rahul Magazine, Shobitha Rao, Bharti Chogtu, Ramkumar Venkateswaran, Hameed Aboobackar Shahul, Umesh Goneppanavar
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is seen in critically ill patients. Its etiological spectrum in India is expected to be different from that seen in western countries due to the high prevalence of tropical infections. AIM: To study the epidemiological profile of ARDS patients. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital in Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 150 out of the 169 ARDS patients diagnosed during 2010-2012...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088326/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-tropical-infectious-diseases-and-animal-venoms-a-tale-of-2-continents
#12
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Burdmann, Vivekanand Jha
South and Southeast Asia and Latin American together comprise 46 countries and are home to approximately 40% of the world population. The sociopolitical and economic heterogeneity, tropical climate, and malady transitions characteristic of the region strongly influence disease behavior and health care delivery. Acute kidney injury epidemiology mirrors these inequalities. In addition to hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in tertiary care centers, these countries face a large preventable burden of community-acquired acute kidney injury secondary to tropical infectious diseases or animal venoms, affecting previously healthy young individuals...
May 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942194/acute-undifferentiated-febrile-illness-in-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india-clinical-spectrum-and-outcome
#13
Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Jonathan Arul Jeevan, Shubhanker Mitra, Nirvin Paul, Thimiri Palani Murugan, Ajay Rangaraj, Sandeep David, Samuel George Hansdak, John Antony Jude Prakash, Asha Mary Abraham, Prakash Ramasami, Sowmya Sathyendra, Thambu David Sudarsanam, George M Varghese
BACKGROUND: Acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) may have similar clinical presentation, and the etiology is varied and region specific. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in South India. All adult patients presenting with AUFI of 3-14 days duration were evaluated for etiology, and the differences in presentation and outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: The study cohort included 1258 patients...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924792/a-cost-effective-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-infectious-encephalitis
#14
Usha Kant Misra, Vinita Elizabeth Mani, Jayantee Kalita
SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in India. OBJECTIVE: To report a syndromic approach to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and propose a cost-effective model. STUDY DESIGN: AES patients were categorized by the presence or absence of myalgia/rash into systemic and neurological AES. The patients with systemic AES were investigated for dengue, scrub typhus, leptospira, chikungunya, and malaria, and those with neurological AES were investigated for herpes and Japanese encephalitis (JE)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731577/concurrent-infection-with-scrub-typhus-dengue-and-malaria-in-an-immunocompetent-young-male
#15
Meenaxi Sharda, Shivraj Meena, Anil Soni, Harish Nigam, Anuraj Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730774/infections-and-thrombocytopenia
#16
EDITORIAL
Falguni Parikh
Febrile patient with thrombocytopenia is commonly encountered by physicians especially during monsoon and perimonsoon period. Infections with protozoa, bacteria and viruses can cause thrombocytopenia with or without disseminated intravascular coagulation. Commonly dengue, malaria, scrub typhus and other rickettsial infections, meningococci, leptospira and certain viral infections present as fever with thrombocytopenia. Occasionally these patients can go on to develop a stormy course with multiorgan dysfunction requiring intensive care unit admission associated with high morbidity and mortality...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613205/protection-of-military-personnel-against-vector-borne-diseases-a-review-of-collaborative-work-of-the-australian-and-us-military-over-the-last-30-years
#17
Stephen P Frances, Michael D Edstein, Mustapha Debboun, G Dennis Shanks
Australian and US military medical services have collaborated since World War II to minimize vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, and scrub typhus. In this review, collaboration over the last 30 years is discussed. The collaborative projects and exchange scientist programs have resulted in mutually beneficial outcomes in the fields of drug development and personal protection measures against vector-borne diseases.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512107/spectrum-and-outcome-of-acute-infectious-encephalitis-encephalopathy-in-an-intensive-care-unit-from-india
#18
J Kalita, V E Mani, S K Bhoi, U K Misra
Purpose: To evaluate the spectrum of acute infectious encephalitis/encephalopathy syndrome (AIES) in intensive care unit (ICU) and the predictors of mechanical ventilation (MV) and outcome of these patients. Methods: AIES patients diagnosed on the basis of fever, altered sensorium, seizure and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis admitted to the neurology ICU were prospectively included. The demographic and clinical details, hematological, biochemical, MRI and etiological findings of the patients were noted...
March 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413521/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-dengue-orientia-tsutsugamushi-co-infection-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#19
Aneesh Basheer, Nayyar Iqbal, Sudhagar Mookkappan, Patricia Anitha, Shashikala Nair, Reba Kanungo, Ravichandran Kandasamy
BACKGROUND: Concurrent infection with multiple pathogens is common in tropics, posing diagnostic and treatment challenges. Although co-infections of dengue, malaria, leptospirosis and typhoid in various combinations have been described, data on dengue and scrub typhus co-infection is distinctly limited. METHODOLOGY: This study was a retrospective analysis of dengue and scrub typhus co-infection diagnosed between January 2010 and July 2014 at a tertiary care center...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198211/quantitative-and-volume-conductivity-and-scatter-changes-in-leucocytes-of-patients-with-acute-undifferentiated-febrile-illness-a-pilot-study
#20
Varun Kalra, Sohaib Ahmad, Vikas Shrivastava, Garima Mittal
BACKGROUND: A single diagnostic test for acute undifferentiated febrile illnesses (AUFI) is elusive. This pilot study was undertaken on the premise that leucocytes, being the main cells of defence, undergo quantitative, structural and functional changes in AUFI. We evaluated the potential of volume, conductivity and scatter (VCS) parameters of leucocytes, generated with the haemogram report by the Coulter auto-analyzer, in differentiating the common etiologies of AUFI. METHODS: The haematological and VCS data obtained from 800 controls and 200 cases of AUFI (50 cases each of acute malaria, dengue, scrub typhus and enteric fever) were retrieved for analysis...
May 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
keyword
keyword
43470
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"