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Continuous professional development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923846/building-a-framework-for-community-health-worker-skills-proficiency-assessment-to-support-ongoing-professional-development
#1
Caitlin G Allen, J Nell Brownstein, Maria Cole, Gail Hirsch, Susie Williamson, E Lee Rosenthal
Although community health workers (CHWs) continue to gain credibility and recognition in the health care and public health sectors, there is still a need to expand workforce identity and development efforts, including identifying best practices for assessing CHW skill proficiencies. During this qualitative study, we interviewed 32 CHWs, trainers, and supervisors to understand current practice, perspectives, and perceived importance in assessing CHW skills and guiding principles for CHW skill assessment. Results from these interviews can be used to inform CHW workforce development to enhance efforts among those who are actively building CHW programs or who are considering improvements in strategies to assess CHW skill proficiencies...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923812/the-identification-of-torsades-de-pointes-via-ceeg-a-case-report-on-a-patient-with-physiologically-provoked-nonepileptic-events
#2
Andrew Todd Ham, Jill Mackey, Gary Semb
Continuous electroencephalography (CEEG) is chiefly performed at The Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) for identifying seizures, including its refined use within the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) as a differentiator between epileptic and psychogenic etiologies. CEEG also provides critical data that carry implications outside the bounds of both epilepsy and psychogenic events, such as the characterization of unorthodox clinical phenomena that are of physiological (though nonepileptic) origins. Although nonepileptic events (NEEs) are primarily linked with psychogenic phenomena (conversion disorder, malingering) that can mimic epileptic activity, they, like seizures, have diverse semiologies and etiologies...
2018: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922696/a-comparative-study-on-the-function-and-structure-of-medical-development-education-office-in-world-s-top-universities
#3
Soleiman Ahmady, Shahram Yazdani, Fakhrolsadat Hosseini, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Ali Tabibi, Fatemeh Ahmadinia, Hoda Ahmari Tehran, Noushin Kohan, Heidar Mohammadi
PURPOSE: It is essential to adjust the responsibilities and function of medical education offices (MEOs) in regard to the current societal requirements. Therefore, it is a good idea to learn lessons from the experiences about the establishment and function of these offices around the world. The aim of the present study was to carry out a comparative study to investigate the function and structure of MEOs at some of the medical universities from America, Europe, and Asia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a comparative, descriptive study that was conducted in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921265/age-gender-and-current-living-status-were-associated-with-perceived-access-to-treatment-among-canadians-using-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Catherine W T Chan, Amédé Gogovor, Marie-France Valois, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Access, particularly timely access, to care is the Canadian public's most important healthcare concern. The drivers of perceived appropriateness of access to care among patients with at least one chronic health condition (CHC) are not, however, well defined. This study evaluated whether personal characteristics, self-reported health status and care received were associated with patients' perception of effective access in managing a chronic illness. METHODS: The study population (n = 619) was drawn from a representative sample of the adult Canadian population who reported having ≥1 CHC in the 2013-2014 Health Care in Canada survey...
June 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920695/telemedicine-as-a-tool-for-digital-medical-education-a-15-year-journey-inside-the-raft-network
#5
REVIEW
Mirana Randriambelonoro, Cheick-Oumar Bagayoko, Antoine Geissbuhler
This paper presents the evolution and growth of continuous medical education through the Réseau en Afrique Francophone pour la Télémédecine (RAFT) network. RAFT is a telemedicine network present on four continents and built through years of experience, with the goal of supporting isolated healthcare professionals by providing them with the right expertise at the right time using affordable, low-bandwidth technologies. Much more than a platform to share and exchange knowledge, RAFT has put in place a solid local infrastructure to ensure the sustainability and maintenance of the network...
June 19, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920128/application-of-motor-learning-in-neurorehabilitation-a-framework-for-health-care-professionals
#6
Melanie Kleynen, Anna Beurskens, Huub Olijve, Jip Kamphuis, Susy Braun
Learning motor skills is an essential part of most rehabilitation processes. Facilitating and supporting motor learning is particularly challenging in neurological rehabilitation: patients who suffer from neurological diseases experience both physical limitations and difficulties of cognition and communication that affect and/or complicate the motor learning process. Therapists (e.g. physiotherapists and occupational therapists) who work in neurorehabilitation are therefore continuously searching for the best way to facilitate patients during these intensive learning processes...
June 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916289/developing-a-measure-of-students-potential-involvement-in-scholarly-activities
#7
Spencer E Harpe, Lisa B Phipps
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy schools must encourage a culture of inquiry so future pharmacists approach practice in a scholarly fashion. OBJECTIVES: To develop an instrument measuring intentions to engage in various scholarly activities. METHODS: Items representing scholarly activities relevant to pharmacists were developed. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to refine the list and identify underlying factors. Internal consistency was examined using Cronbach's alpha...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914477/knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-of-infection-prevention-among-healthcare-workers-in-debre-markos-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#8
Melaku Desta, Temesgen Ayenew, Nega Sitotaw, Nibretie Tegegne, Muluken Dires, Mulualem Getie
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are a major global public health agenda. Health care workers are front line of protecting themselves and clients from infection. This study examined the knowledge and practice of healthcare workers on infection prevention and its associated factors among health professionals working at Debre Markos Referral Hospital. METHODS: A Hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted with a structured pre-tested questionnaire among 150 participants...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911901/patient-reported-experiences-of-using-community-rehabilitation-and-or-support-services-whilst-living-with-a-long-term-neurological-condition-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-aggregation
#9
Katherine Jackson, Sharon Hamilton, Susan Jones, Steven Barr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify patient reported experiences of using community rehabilitation and/or support services whilst living with a long-term neurological condition, and perceptions of their impact on quality of life. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies from 2005 to 2016, which met the inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal, data extraction, and quality assessment of 37 included papers were performed by three reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909563/community-pharmacists-perspectives-on-implementation-of-medicines-use-review-in-slovenia
#10
Urska Nabergoj Makovec, Mitja Kos, Nina Pisk
Background In December 2014 Slovene Chamber of Pharmacies defined procedures for Medicines Use Review (MUR) in Slovenia, together with an educational program and certification to ensure pharmacists' competency to perform MUR. The first 15 pharmacists were certified in June 2015 and implemented the service in their practices. Objective This study aimed to understand the implementation of MUR from the perspectives of the first community pharmacists providing the service in practice. Methods A focus group with first MUR providers took place in February 2016, 6 months after the first pharmacists were certified to provide MUR service...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909284/lean-methodology-in-healthcare
#11
REVIEW
Rubin I Cohen
To improve the delivery of patient care, governments and healthcare institutions adopted quality improvement methods that had been developed decades earlier in manufacturing industries. Many healthcare practitioners are either unaware or are inexperienced about what these practices entail and whether they are successful in healthcare. This article reviews Lean, an improvement philosophy made famous by the Toyota Motor Company. Lean uses a set of instruments and incorporates a long-term vision aiming for continuous improvement...
June 14, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908764/development-of-the-ripe-model-reflective-interprofessional-education-model-to-enhance-interprofessional-collaboration
#12
C Lucas, T Power, C Hayes, C Ferguson
This paper describes a novel model to providing interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within a simulated healthcare environment, in the higher education setting. The RIPE Model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) was developed for the purpose of enhancing IPE and IPC, clinical judgement, and decision-making between health professional students (pharmacy and nursing students) at the patient's simulated hospital bedside. A foundation 'unfolding' case utilizing the RIPE model was piloted with first year Master of pharmacy students and postgraduate nursing students at an Australian university and included a pharmacy practitioner acting as a resident medical officer (RMO) for the purpose of the teaching module...
June 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908691/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-following-surgery-for-pancreatic-cancer-an-exploration-of-patient-self-management
#13
Lisa Dunleavy, Ahmed Al-Mukhtar, Vanessa Halliday
BACKGROUND: For those diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, ill-addressed pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) following surgery can result in malnutrition related complications that may impact on predict mortality and morbidity. The use of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is recommended and often demands a degree of patient self-management. Understanding more about how this treatment is managed is fundamental to optimising care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore patient self-management of PERT following surgery for pancreatic cancer...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907201/a-qualitative-study-of-gender-differences-in-the-experiences-of-general-surgery-trainees
#14
Sara P Myers, Katherine A Hill, Kristina J Nicholson, Matthew D Neal, Megan E Hamm, Galen E Switzer, Leslie R M Hausmann, Giselle G Hamad, Matthew R Rosengart, Eliza B Littleton
BACKGROUND: Women surgeons continue to face unique challenges to professional advancement. Higher attrition rates and lower confidence among female surgical residents suggest that experiences during residency differ by gender. Few studies have investigated gender-specific experiences during training. This study identifies gender-based differences in the experiences of general surgery residents that could affect professional development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male and female general surgery residents at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center participated in a semi-structured interview study exploring the significance of gender in training...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906632/youtube-for-millennial-nursing-students-using-internet-technology-to-support-student-engagement-with-bioscience
#15
Amy Nb Johnston, Matthew J Barton, Grant A Williams-Pritchard, Michael Todorovic
Undergraduate nursing programs typically include students with limited 'on-campus' time who need learning resources that are flexible, technologically appropriate, remotely-accessible (mobile smart devices), and above all, engaging. This has presented academics with challenges surrounding institutional security firewalls, password-access requirements, intellectual property/ownership and staff/student privacy. To overcome these challenges a collection of evidence-based YouTube videos, posted on the Biological Sciences YouTube Channel, supported by the Biosciences in Nurse Education, and underpinned by Benner's pedagogical framework, were developed with the intention of moving students from novice to competent clinical bioscience users...
June 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904562/steam-using-the-arts-to-train-well-rounded-and-creative-scientists
#16
Verónica A Segarra, Barbara Natalizio, Cibele V Falkenberg, Stephanie Pulford, Raquell M Holmes
While the demand for a strong STEM workforce continues to grow, there are challenges that threaten our ability to recruit, train, and retain such a workforce in a way that is effective and sustainable and fosters innovation. One way in which we are meeting this challenge is through the use of the arts in the training of scientists. In this Perspectives article, we review the use of the arts in science education and its benefits in both K-12 and postsecondary education. We also review the use of STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics) programs in science outreach and the development of professional scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902995/how-is-a-specialist-depression-service-effective-for-persistent-moderate-to-severe-depressive-disorder-a-qualitative-study-of-service-user-experience
#17
Louise Thomson, Marcus Barker, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Anne Garland, Rajini Ramana, Richard Morriss, Emily Hammond, Gail Hopkins, Sandra Simpson
BACKGROUND: A specialist depression service (SDS) offering collaborative pharmacological and cognitive behaviour therapy treatment for persistent depressive disorder showed effectiveness against depression symptoms versus usual community based multidisciplinary care in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in specialist mental health services in England. However, there is uncertainty concerning how specialist depression services effect such change. The current study aimed to evaluate the factors which may explain the greater effectiveness of SDS compared to Treatment as Usual (TAU) by exploring the experience of the RCT participants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901316/reflection-and-personal-learning
#18
Melaine Coward
Part one of this six-part continuing professional development series considered the role of nurse managers in supporting reflection for professional learning. It was aimed at enabling readers to consider critically the role of reflection in nursing and relate this to the Nursing and Midwifery Council's professional requirements. Part two explores approaches to and benefits of reflection for self-development. The notion of self-development may seem removed from professional practice and nurse leadership but the traits that demonstrate who we are, how we learn, how we act and how we influence are related to and transferable from self to professional self...
June 14, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900784/review-psychopathologies-in-captive-nonhuman-primates-and-approaches-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
Maya S Kummrow, Martin Brüne
  Despite the growing knowledge and literature on primate medicine, assessment and treatment of behavioral abnormalities in nonhuman primates (NHPs) is an underdeveloped field. There is ample evidence for similarity between humans and great apes, including basic neurologic physiology and emotional processes, and no substantial argument exists against a concept of continuity for abnormal conditions in NHPs that emerge in response to adverse experiences, akin to human psychopathology. NHPs have served as models for human psychopathologies for many decades, but the acquired knowledge has only hesitantly been applied to primates themselves...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898948/geographic-variation-in-fp-and-gp-scope-of-practice-in-ontario-comparative-provincial-study
#20
Elizabeth F Wenghofer, Sophia M Kam, Patrick E Timony, Roger Strasser, Jessica Sutinen
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the scope of practice (SoP) of GPs and FPs between the rural northern, rural southern, urban northern, and urban southern regions of Ontario. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis of the 2013 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario official register and annual membership renewal survey data. SETTING: Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All independently practising GPs and FPs with a primary practice address in Ontario...
June 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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