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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550505/neuro-oncology-family-caregivers-view-on-keeping-track-of-care-issues-using-ehealth-systems-it-s-a-question-of-time
#1
Florien W Boele, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Karen Hilverda, Jason Weimer, Heidi S Donovan, Jan Drappatz, Frank S Lieberman, Irma Verdonck-de Leeuw, Paula R Sherwood
Primary brain tumors (PBTs) are rare but have a great impact on both patient and family caregiver wellbeing. Supporting caregivers can help them to continue their caregiving activities to maintain the patients' best possible level of quality of life. Efforts to improve PBT caregiver wellbeing should take into account country- or culture-specific differences in care issues and supportive care needs to serve larger caregiver groups. We aimed to explore PBT caregivers' satisfaction with the current supportive care provision, as well as their thoughts on monitoring their care issues with both paper-based and digital instruments...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549513/assessment-of-the-accuracy-and-consistency-in-the-application-of-standardized-surveillance-definitions-a-summary-of-the-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-case-studies-2010-2016
#2
Marc-Oliver Wright, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Joan N Hebden
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance definitions are the most widely used criteria for health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance. NHSN participants agree to conduct surveillance in accordance with the NHSN protocol and criteria. To assess the application of these standardized surveillance specifications and offer infection preventionists (IPs) opportunities for ongoing education, a series of case studies, with questions related to NHSN definitions and criteria were published...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548368/developing-minimum-clinical-standards-for-physiotherapy-in-south-african-icus-a-qualitative-study
#3
Heleen van Aswegen, Shane Patman, Natascha Plani, Susan Hanekom
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists are integral members of the intensive care unit (ICU) team. Clinicians working in ICU are dependent on their own experience when making decisions regarding individual patient management thus resulting in variation in clinical practice. No formalized clinical practice guidelines or standards exist for the educational profile or scope of practice requirements for ICU physiotherapy. This study explored perceptions of physiotherapists on minimum clinical standards that ICU physiotherapists should adhere to for delivering safe, effective physiotherapy services to critically ill patients...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#4
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539104/development-of-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-and-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-clinic
#5
Ashley Tewksbury, Kevin M Bozymski, Laura Ruekert, Cheen Lum, Elizabeth Cunningham, Frank Covington
Collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) is a written agreement that allows a pharmacist to initiate, modify, or continue pharmacotherapies under a physician's scope of practice. While available literature pertaining to cardiometabolic and respiratory CDTM services is growing, publications are sparse in psychiatry, particularly outside Veterans Health Administration medical centers. A descriptive study was undertaken to demonstrate how a board-certified psychiatric pharmacist would begin organizing a protocol for clinical pharmacy services at an outpatient, community treatment center for mental health and substance abuse disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532869/-dancing-on-the-edge-of-research-what-is-needed-to-build-and-sustain-research-capacity-within-the-massage-therapy-profession-a-formative-evaluation
#7
Ania Kania-Richmond, Martha B Menard, Beth Barberree, Marvin Mohring
BACKGROUND: Conducting research on massage therapy (MT) continues to be a significant challenge. PURPOSE: To explore and identify the structures, processes, and resources required to enable viable, sustainable and high quality MT research activities in the Canadian context. PARTICIPANTS: Academically-based researchers and MT professionals involved in research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Formative evaluation and a descriptive qualitative approach were applied...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532552/nephrology-education-and-continuing-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#8
REVIEW
Tushar J Vachharajani, Aminu K Bello, Rhys Evans, Gavin Dreyer, Quentin Eichbaum
Nephrology training programs in high-income countries have transitioned from an apprenticeship model to a well-structured, resource-driven model that supports continual professional development. In contrast, in low- and middle-income countries, medical training and in particular nephrology training has lagged behind owing to resource limitations. Some of the challenges to adequately provide training to health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries include shortage of teaching faculty, difficulty in developing curricula to meet regional needs, and a lack of resources to provide competency-based medical education...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530419/interpersonal-rivalries-gender-and-the-intellectual-and-scientific-making-of-psychoanalysis-in-1940s-britain
#9
Michal Shapira
This article examines the 1940s debates regarding the status and professional orthodoxy of psychoanalysis following Sigmund Freud's death, by exploring the Anna Freud-Melanie Klein Controversial Discussions in the British Psychoanalytical Society. Focusing on the work of now-forgotten analysts Melitta Schmideberg and Edward Glover, and on their relationship with Klein and her supporters, the article reveals how these neglected, yet important, debates were complicated by interpersonal and professional ties, processes of the professionalization, and changing gender norms...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529358/how-do-psychiatrists-in-india-construct-their-professional-identity-a-critical-literature-review
#10
Clement Bayetti, Sushrut Jadhav, Smita N Deshpande
Psychiatric practice in India is marked by an increasing gulf between largely urban-based mental health professionals and a majority rural population. Based on the premise that any engagement is a mutually constructed humane process, an understanding of the culture of psychiatry including social process of local knowledge acquisition by trainee psychiatrists is critical. This paper reviews existing literature on training of psychiatrists in India, the cultural construction of their professional identities and autobiographical reflections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522918/combination-of-corticosteroids-and-5-aminosalicylates-or-corticosteroids-alone-for-patients-with-moderate-severe-active-ulcerative-colitis-a-global-survey-of-physicians-practice
#11
Shomron Ben-Horin, Jane M Andrews, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Florian Rieder, Flavio Steinwurz, Konstantinos Karmiris, Jae Hee Cheon, Gordon William Moran, Monica Cesarini, Christian D Stone, Doron Schwartz, Marijana Protic, Xavier Roblin, Giulia Roda, Min-Hu Chen, Ofir Har-Noy, Charles N Bernstein
AIM: To examine treatment decisions of gastroenterologists regarding the choice of prescribing 5-aminosalycilates (5ASA) with corticosteroids (CS) versus corticosteroids alone for patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire exploring physicians' attitude toward 5ASA + CS combination therapy vs CS alone was developed and validated. The questionnaire was distributed to gastroenterology experts in twelve countries in five continents...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513515/relationship-between-knowledge-and-quality-of-asthma-care-among-physicians-in-south-west-nigeria
#12
B Adeniyi, O Ilesanmi, D Obaseki, O Desalu, B Betiku, G Erhabor
INTRODUCTION: Adequate knowledge of asthma management and adherence to international guidelines are known to increase the quality of care offered by Physicians. We conducted this study to assess the level of asthma knowledge and quality of care among physicians practicing in Ondo State. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional survey of 96 physicians from various specialties participating in a continuous professional development (CPD) lecture using adapted questionnaires...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512662/a-hospital-wide-transition-from-paper-to-digital-problem-oriented-clinical-notes-a-descriptive-history-and-cross-sectional-survey-of-use-usability-and-satisfaction
#13
Felix H J M Cillessen, Pieter F de Vries Robbé, Marion C J Biermans
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use, usability, and physician satisfaction of a locally developed problem-oriented clinical notes application that replaced paper-based records in a large Dutch university medical center. METHODS: Using a clinical notes database and an application event log file and a cross-sectional survey of usability, authors retrospectively analyzed system usage for medical specialties, users, and patients over 4 years. A standardized questionnaire measured usability...
May 17, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511813/conservative-management-of-mallet-injuries-a-national-survey-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#14
Z Tolkien, S Potter, N Burr, M D Gardiner, J M Blazeby, A Jain, J Henderson
INTRODUCTION: Mallet injuries are common and usually treated conservatively. Various systematic reviews have found a lack of evidence regarding the best management, and it is unclear whether this uncertainty is reflected in current UK practice. METHODS: An online survey was developed to determine the current practice for the conservative treatment of mallet injury among specialist hand clinicians in the UK, including physiotherapists, occupational therapists and surgeons...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509657/the-palliative-care-challenge-analysis-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-integrate-palliative-care-in-europe-in-the-view-of-national-associations
#15
Carlos Centeno, Eduardo Garralda, José Miguel Carrasco, Marlieke den Herder-van der Eerden, Melissa Aldridge, David Stevenson, Diane E Meier, Jeroen Hasselaar
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) development is diverse and lacks an effective integration into European healthcare systems. This article investigates levels of integrated PC in European countries. METHODS: A qualitative survey was undertaken for the 2013 EAPC Atlas of PC in Europe with boards of national associations, eliciting opinions on opportunities for, and barriers to, PC development. ANALYSIS: Barriers and opportunities directly related to PC integration were identified and analyzed thematically according (1) to the dimensions of the World Health Organization (WHO) public health model and (2) by the degree of service provision in each country...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506783/the-professional-status-of-infectious-disease-physicians-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Chenlu Zhang, Sujuan Li, Jinru Ji, Ping Shen, Chaoqun Ying, Lanjuan Li, Yonghong Xiao
OBJECTIVES: The evolution of infectious diseases (IDs) poses a challenge to many ID physicians, who must either adapt or transition to another career track. This national cross-sectional study assessed the current working conditions and problems faced by ID professionals in China. METHODS: A national questionnaire survey of ID physicians and their facilities throughout China was performed in May- June 2016 using stratified random sampling. RESULTS: A total of 156/300 (52...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506289/a-preliminary-investigation-to-explore-the-cognitive-resources-of-physicians-experiencing-difficulty-in-training
#17
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Iain Coyne, Jo Jones, Sheona Macleod, Lara Zibarras
BACKGROUND: Treating patients is complex, and research shows that there are differences in cognitive resources between physicians who experience difficulties, and those who do not. It is possible that differences in some cognitive resources could explain the difficulties faced by some physicians. In this study, we explore differences in cognitive resources between different groups of physicians (that is, between native (UK) physicians and International Medical Graduates (IMG); those who continue with training versus those who were subsequently removed from the training programme); and also between physicians experiencing difficulties compared with the general population...
May 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504991/tablet-e-logbooks-four-thousand-clinical-cases-and-complications-e-logged-by-14-nondoctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#18
Shristi Shah, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering, Stephen Knoble, Indra Rai
BACKGROUND: To meet the need for essential surgery across rural Nepal, anesthesia at district level is delivered by nondoctor anesthetists. They require support to maintain confidence and competence, and upgraded professional registration to secure their status. To meet these needs, a distance-blended learning course was pioneered and delivered. A core course requirement was to log all clinical cases; these were logged on a new e-logbook. METHODS: Fourteen nondoctor anesthesia providers working in 12 different districts across Nepal were enrolled in the 1-year course...
May 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503223/hospital-and-community-pharmacists-perception-of-the-scope-barriers-and-challenges-of-pharmacy-practice-based-research-in-nigeria
#19
Titilayo O Fakeye, Rasaq Adisa, Rashidat T Olukotun, Paul K Morawo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perception, extent of involvement and barriers to pharmacy practice-based research among community and hospital pharmacists in Ibadan, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among 65 hospital and 86 community pharmacists with at least five-year post-qualification experience, using pre-tested questionnaire. Socio-demographic information, extent of involvement, relevance and scope, as well as barriers to pharmacy practice-based research were explored...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502837/use-of-technology-to-facilitate-physical-activity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#20
Melissa D Bittner, B Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, David L Nichols, Suzanna R Dillon
Deficits in social behavior and communication skills are correlated with reduced gross motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The ExerciseBuddy application (EB app) was designed to communicate these motor skills to those with ASD and integrates evidence-based practices such as visual support and video modeling supported by The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the EB app in facilitating increased physiologic responses to physical activity via a continuous measurement of energy expenditure and heart rate versus practice-style teaching methods in children with ASD...
May 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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