keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Miscarriage

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535578/coasting-withholding-gonadotrophins-for-preventing-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Arianna D'Angelo, Nazar N Amso, Rudaina Hassan
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic and potentially life threatening condition resulting from excessive ovarian stimulation. Reported incidence of moderate to severe OHSS ranges from 0.6% to 5% of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The factors contributing to OHSS have not been completely explained. The release of vasoactive substances secreted by the ovaries under human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) stimulation may play a key role in triggering this syndrome...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#2
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534597/metabolomics-for-improving-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#3
REVIEW
Charalampos S Siristatidis, Eleni Sertedaki, Dennis Vaidakis
BACKGROUND: In order to overcome the low effectiveness of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and the high incidence of multiple births, metabolomics is proposed as a non-invasive method to assess oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity, and facilitate a targeted subfertility treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of metabolomic assessment of oocyte quality, embryo viability, and endometrial receptivity for improving live birth or ongoing pregnancy rates in women undergoing ART, compared to conventional methods of assessment...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533844/utility-of-first-trimester-obstetric-ultrasonography-before-13-weeks-of-gestation-a-retrospective-study
#4
Felix Uduma Uduma, Anelkan Abaslattai, Dianabasi Udoete Eduwem, Morgan Ekanem, Philip Chinedu Okere
INTRODUCTION: First trimester pregnancy is defined as twelve weeks after the last menstrual period. Ultrasonography has revolutionized validation and management of first trimester pregnancies. The aim was to analyze ultrasonographic findings of first trimester pregnancies in University of Uyo teaching hospital (UUTH), Uyo, Nigeria. METHODS: The departmental ultrasonographic records of pregnant women who were referred to Radiology department of UUTH, Uyo, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533686/misoprostol-for-miscarriage-management-in-a-woman-with-previous-five-cesarean-deliveries-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Doua AlSaad, Sawsan Alobaidly, Palli Abdulrouf, Binny Thomas, Afif Ahmed, Moza AlHail
BACKGROUND: Misoprostol is an effective medical method for the management of pregnancy loss. However, data on its efficacy and safety in women with previous cesarean deliveries are limited. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 36-year-old patient, gravida 11 para 6, with a diagnosis of missed miscarriage at 15 weeks of gestation. The patient had a significant obstetric history of previous five cesarean deliveries and uterine rupture. Following patient counseling about the medical and surgical options of managing her miscarriage, the patient opted for medical method...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529452/estradiol-suppresses-tlr4-triggered-apoptosis-of-decidual-stromal-cells-and-drives-an-anti-inflammatory-th2-shift-by-activating-sgk1
#6
Yiyun Lou, Minhao Hu, Qijing Wang, Mu Yuan, Ning Wang, Fang Le, Lejun Li, Shisi Huang, Liya Wang, Xiangrong Xu, Fan Jin
A pro-inflammatory cytokine profile at the feto-maternal interface may predispose immune maladaptation notably in early miscarriages. We investigated the involvement of estradiol (E2)-activated serum-glucocorticoid regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) in preserving the tolerogenic and pro-survival intrauterine microenvironment beneficial to gestation maintenance. Decidual SGK1 was down-regulated in early miscarriage, consistent with the lower serum E2 concentration seen in pregnancy loss. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/Toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4) signaling induced apoptosis and the pro-inflammatory T helper type (TH) 1 response of decidual stromal cells (DSCs) were associated with miscarriage...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523313/correlation-of-clinical-and-biological-evidence-a-dominant-therapeutic-element-of-succeeding-in-ectopic-pregnancy
#7
Simona Daniela NeamŢu, Damian DiŢescu, Maria ForŢofoiu, Liliana Stanca, Cristian Tigae, Mihaela Niculescu, Cristian Ovidiu NeamŢu, Maria Magdalena Manolea, Mirela Anişoara Siminel, Leontina Eugenia Şurtea, Adela Valeria NeamŢu, Marius Bogdan Novac, Liviu Vasile, Adrian Gluhovschi
Tubal pathology, smoking, pelvic inflammatory disease, miscarriage, medical or surgical abortion, usage of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for women with salpingitis latent injuries, older than 40 years, are risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. The objective of this study concerns the correlation of the clinical and biological evidence for the early diagnosis of the ectopic pregnancy and, as soon as possible, for the estimation for eventual risk of complications that may appear. The transvaginal ultrasound test, minimal increases in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) dynamics and blood counts are investigations of choice in achieving our objective...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522338/year-round-influenza-immunisation-during-pregnancy-in-nepal-a-phase-4-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Mark C Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Laveta Stewart, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, Monica McNeal, Adriana M Reedy, James M Tielsch
BACKGROUND: Influenza immunisation during pregnancy is recommended but not widely implemented in some low-income regions. We assessed the safety and efficacy in mothers and infants of year-round maternal influenza immunisation in Nepal, where influenza viruses circulate throughout the year. METHODS: In this phase 4, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled two consecutive sequential annual cohorts of pregnant women from the Sarlahi district in southern Nepal...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521069/experiences-and-expectations-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#9
Stina Lou, Michal Frumer, Mette M Schlütter, Olav B Petersen, Ida Vogel, Camilla P Nielsen
BACKGROUND: A dominant context for pregnant women in the Western world is medical technologies such as ultrasound and screening. It has been argued that such technologies may result in tentative pregnancies, which may be particularly prominent in the first trimester. However, little is known about how women experience early pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To explore the everyday experiences and expectations of first trimester pregnant women in a medicalized context of comprehensive and routine prenatal screening...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516786/association-of-angiogenic-cytokines-vegf-a-and-vegf-c-and-clinical-characteristic-in-women-with-unexplained-recurrent-miscarriage
#10
A Bagheri, P Kumar, A Kamath, P Rao
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent miscarriage (RM) defined as 2 or more spontaneous miscarriage before 20 weeks of gestation, affects at least 1 % of couples trying to conceive. In over 50 % of cases, the cause of the loss of pregnancy remains unexplained. Reduced expression of Angiogenic factors such as: vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) and VEGF-C has been linked with spontaneous miscarriage, likely due to defective foetal and placental angiogenesis. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationships between serum level of VEGF-A and VEGF-C with clinical characteristic in women with URM and compare to pregnant and healthy women...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516350/evaluation-of-vascular-effect-of-arsenic-using-in-vivo-assays
#11
Bharat Patel, Rajat Das, Anil Gautam, Mugdha Tiwari, Sukhdev Acharya, Sunil Kumar
Arsenic (As) is an abundant toxicant present in groundwater and soil in various parts of the world including eastern part of India. The epidemiological studies have shown that arsenic exposure is linked to developmental defects and miscarriage. Placenta is known to utilize vasculogenesis to develop its vasculature circulation. The effects of four different doses of sodium meta-arsenite (0, 10, 20, 75, and 150 ppm) were assessed on the vascular structure using two different in vivo models, i.e., Matrigel and chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515460/chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-of-human-endometrial-stromal-cells-induces-defective-decidualisation-and-chemokine-release
#12
Sevi Giakoumelou, Nick Wheelhouse, Jeremy Brown, Jean Wade, Ioannis Simitsidellis, Douglas Gibson, Philippa T K Saunders, Patrick Horner, Gary Entrican, Sarah E M Howie, Andrew W Horne
Miscarriage affects ~20% of pregnancies and maternal infections account for ~15% of early miscarriages. Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) has been associated with miscarriage but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Successful implantation requires endometrial stromal cell (ESC) decidualisation. Maintenance of pregnancy requires angiogenesis, establishment of the correct cellular milieu and trophoblast invasion, all of which involve the action of chemokines. Our objective was to determine whether Ct infection impacts upon ESC decidualisation and chemokine secretion...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514830/association-of-maternal-serum-papp-a-levels-nuchal-translucency-and-crown-rump-length-in-first-trimester-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Ashwini Bilagi, Danielle L Burke, Richard D Riley, Ian Mills, Mark D Kilby, R Katie Morris
OBJECTIVE: Are first trimester serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), nuchal translucency (NT) and crown rump length (CRL) prognostic factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes? METHOD: Retrospective cohort women, singleton pregnancies (UK 2011-2015). Unadjusted and multivariable logistic regression, outcomes: small for gestational age (SGA), pre-eclampsia (PE), pre-term birth (PTB), miscarriage, stillbirth, perinatal mortality and neonatal death (NND)...
May 17, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514021/an-update-systematic-review-of-fetal-death-congenital-anomalies-and-fertility-disorders-among-health-care-workers
#14
REVIEW
Charline Warembourg, Sylvaine Cordier, Ronan Garlantézec
BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCWs) are occupationally exposed to various hazards, some associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in previous reviews. This systematic review aims at synthesizing the recent literature on occupational exposures among HCWs related to fetal death, congenital anomalies, and fertility disorders. METHODS: We searched the Medline database from 2000 to 2015 for articles about all potential occupational exposures of women and men working in this sector...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513460/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-female-infertility-and-in-vitro-fertilization
#15
Joanna Wojsiat, Jerzy Korczyński, Marta Borowiecka, Halina Małgorzata Żbikowska
Infertility problem involves many couples of reproductive age. It has been estimated that in Poland 0.7-1.0 million pairs require treatment, while for more than half of them assisted reproduction is the only recommended and effective method. Infertility affects 13 to 15% of the world's population. A major concern is the age-related decline in female fertility even more that often a decision about pregnancy is taken at later age. Recent studies show that increased production of reactive oxygen species is an important factor in etiopathogenesis of pregnancy and affects female reproduction...
May 9, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511086/local-endometrial-injury-in-women-with-failed-ivf-undergoing-a-repeat-cycle-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Aleyamma Tk, Himanshu Singhal, Prasanna S Premkumar, Mousumi Acharya, Mohan S Kamath, Korula George
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of local endometrial injury in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with at least one previous unsuccessful attempt. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Recruited women were randomized into two groups. In group A (pipelle group), women underwent pipelle biopsy twice in the luteal phase in the cycle prior to IVF. In group B (control), women did not undergo any intervention prior to IVF. The primary outcome was clinical pregnancy rate...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511050/maternal-distress-in-late-pregnancy-alters-obstetric-outcomes-and-the-expression-of-genes-important-for-placental-glucocorticoid-signalling
#17
Katie L Togher, Eimear Treacy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Louise C Kenny
The experience of maternal distress in pregnancy is often linked with poorer obstetric outcomes for women as well as adverse outcomes for offspring. Alterations in placental glucocorticoid signalling and subsequent increased fetal exposure to cortisol have been suggested to underlie this relationship. In the current study, 121 pregnant women completed the Perceived Stress Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in the third trimester of pregnancy. Placental samples were collected after delivery...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508691/corifollitropin-alfa-compared-with-follitropin-beta-in-gnrh-antagonist-ovarian-stimulation-protocols-in-an-unselected-population-undergoing-ivf-icsi
#18
Charalampos Siristatidis, Konstantinos Dafopoulos, Nikolas Christoforidis, George Anifandis, Vasileios Pergialiotis, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Recombinant DNA technologies have produced Corifollitropin alfa (CFa) used during IVF/ICSI in order to keep the circulating FSH levels above the threshold necessary to support multi-follicular growth for a week. In this prospective case-control study, we compared 70 participants treated with 150 μg CFa combined with 150 IU of follitropin beta (study group) with 70 subfertile participants with matching baseline characteristics, conforming with the same inclusion criteria and treated with an antagonist protocol using follitropin beta (control group)...
May 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508414/cervical-cerclage-placed-before-14%C3%A2-weeks-gestation-in-women-with-one-previous-midtrimester-loss-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Margaret E Harpham, Charles S Algert, Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford, Antonia W Shand
BACKGROUND: Cervical cerclage is used in an attempt to reduce recurrence risk of preterm birth, but evidence for use is limited. AIMS: To compare pregnancy outcomes among women with a single previous midtrimester delivery when managed with or without a cervical cerclage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Population-based cohort study of all women in New South Wales, Australia with a singleton pregnancy ending in birth/miscarriage ≥14 and <28 weeks, between 2003 and 2011...
May 16, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506952/retrospective-evaluation-of-pregnant-women-with-celiac-disease
#20
Kemal Beksaç, Gökçen Örgül, Murat Çağan, Ergun Karaağaoğlu, Serap Arslan, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: To show celiac disease (CD) and its poor pregnancy outcome relationship, and to demonstrate the importance of a gluten-free diet together with low-dose low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose corticosteroid (LDC) in the management of pregnancies with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consisted of 2 groups of patients. Six patients with CD (control group) on a gluten-free diet were monitored during their first pregnancies within the framework of antenatal care program and their pregnancy outcomes were compared with eight poorly-treated pregnant patients with CD (study group) who were referred from other medical institutions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
keyword
keyword
4346
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"