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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933700/a-secondary-analysis-of-longitudinal-prevalence-data-to-determine-the-use-of-pressure-ulcer-preventive-measures-in-dutch-nursing-homes-2005-2014
#1
Martin Wf van Leen, Joseph Mga Schols, Steven Er Hovius, Ruud Jg Halfens
Pressure ulcers (PUs) are an important and distressing problem in Dutch nursing homes. A secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (LPZ) - an annual, multicenter, point-prevalence survey - was conducted for the years 2005-2014 to determine the use of specific recommended PU preventive measures from the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 1998, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel/European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 2009, and the 2002 and 2011 Dutch PU guidelines...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929933/the-extent-and-type-of-gambling-harms-for-concerned-significant-others-a-cross-sectional-population-study-in-finland
#2
Anne H Salonen, Hannu Alho, Sari Castrén
AIMS: This study investigates the proportion of concerned significant others (CSOs) of problem gamblers at population level and describes the extent and type of gambling harms for CSOs. METHODS: Cross-sectional random sample data ( n = 4515) were collected in 2015. The data were weighted based on age, gender and residence. CSOs were identified using a question including seven options. Gambling harms were inquired using structured questions. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Squared and Fischer's exact tests were used...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#3
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904254/psychological-distress-among-individuals-whose-partners-have-cancer
#4
Naoki Nakaya, Toshimasa Sone, Kumi Nakaya, Yasutake Tomata, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji
Cancer diagnosis influences both patients and their closest relatives. This cross-sectional study examined psychological distress among individuals whose partners had cancer in a population-based sample. Participants in the survey were citizens residing in Ohsaki City, Miyagi, Japan. Spouse pairs were identified by information of participants' relationship to the householder and address provided by municipality, and we collected self-report information on cancer history and current pain (but not the cause of pain)...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894830/a-study-of-otolaryngology-resident-quality-of-life-and-sleepiness
#5
Laura R Garcia-Rodriguez, Dominique L Sanchez, Alvin B Ko, Amy M Williams, Ed Peterson, Kathleen L Yaremchuk
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine otolaryngology residents' quality of life and sleepiness. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to otolaryngology residents in the United States in October 2014 and May 2015. The survey included questions from the Physician Well-Being Index (PWBI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Data were analyzed using standard descriptive and frequency analyses, Spearman correlations, and Student's t-test. RESULTS: The 196 respondents (13% response rate) had a mean age of 29...
June 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865252/finding-hope-changes-in-depressive-symptomology-following-relocation-from-distressed-public-housing
#6
Michael D Webb, William M Rohe, Mai Thi Nguyen, Kirstin Frescoln, Mary Donegan, Hye-Sung Han
Many public housing residents suffer from poor mental health and depression, which may be a function of both socioeconomic deprivation and residing in disorderly, unstable, and disadvantaged neighborhoods. While not explicitly targeting mental health, the HOPE VI program may improve public housing residents' mental health by relocating them from distressed developments and into less-disadvantaged and disorderly neighborhoods. This paper examines post-relocation depressive symptomology among residents relocated from the Boulevard Homes public housing development in Charlotte, NC...
August 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830565/determinants-of-follow-up-care-associated-with-incident-antidepressant-use-in-older-adults
#7
Victoire Massamba, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Michel Préville
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of older adults receiving guideline concordant antidepressant therapy and to determine patient, prescriber and organizational factors associated with adequate antidepressant therapy. METHODS: The study included secondary analyses of data collected in the Étude sur la Santé des Aînés (ESA) Services study on older adults recruited while consulting in primary care clinics in one of the largest health regions of the province of Québec...
August 22, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825930/simulation-training-for-residents-focused-on-mechanical-ventilation-a-randomized-trial-using-mannequin-based-versus-computer-based-simulation
#8
Savino Spadaro, Dan Stieper Karbing, Alberto Fogagnolo, Riccardo Ragazzi, Francesco Mojoli, Luca Astolfi, Antonio Gioia, Elisabetta Marangoni, Stephen Edward Rees, Carlo Alberto Volta
INTRODUCTION: Advances in knowledge regarding mechanical ventilation (MV), in particular lung-protective ventilation strategies, have been shown to reduce mortality. However, the translation of these advances in knowledge into better therapeutic performance in real-life clinical settings continues to lag. High-fidelity simulation with a mannequin allows students to interact in lifelike situations; this may be a valuable addition to traditional didactic teaching. The purpose of this study is to compare computer-based and mannequin-based approaches for training residents on MV...
September 6, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#9
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809820/certain-dietary-habits-contribute-to-the-functional-dyspepsia-in-south-china-rural-area
#10
Ji-Hao Xu, Yu Lai, Li-Ping Zhuang, Can-Ze Huang, Chu-Qiang Li, Qi-Kui Chen, Tao Yu
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS A validated epidemiological questionnaire was designed to investigate dietary habits and gastrointestinal syndromes...
August 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789620/hospital-admissions-due-to-alcohol-related-disorders-among-young-adult-refugees-who-arrived-in-sweden-as-teenagers-a-national-cohort-study
#11
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almquist, Mikael Rostila, Lisa Berg, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744111/the-long-term-effects-of-the-health-coaching-self-management-program-for-nursing-home-residents
#12
Yeon-Hwan Park, Sun-Hee Moon, Ji-Yeon Ha, Min-Hye Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about whether a self-management program for nursing-home residents (NHR) with cognitive impairment is likely to have an impact on the care of this growing population. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the health-coaching self-management program for NHR (HCSMP-NHR) on 1) self-efficacy and goal attainment scaling (GAS), 2) health status and quality of life (QoL) among older people, including those with cognitive impairment, in Korean nursing homes...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734807/-a-survey-on-premedication-prior-to-intubation-in-very-preterm-infants-28-32wg-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-french-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#14
E Boiron, E Merlot, G Loron, X Durrmeyer, E Guyot
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Tracheal intubation is a painful procedure for which the routine use of analgesia is recommended. However, the use of premedication for intubation is not yet generalized and there is great diversity in the drugs used. The main objective of this study was to describe the frequency of premedication use in preterm neonates aged between 28 and 32weeks of gestation, intubated for respiratory distress syndrome. Secondary objectives were to describe the existence of a written protocol, its influence on the frequency of premedication and the drugs used...
July 19, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733181/caring-for-a-person-with-dementia-on-the-margins-of-long-term-care-a-perspective-on-burden-from-8-european-countries
#15
Caroline Sutcliffe, Clarissa Giebel, Michel Bleijlevens, Connie Lethin, Minna Stolt, Kai Saks, Maria E Soto, Gabriele Meyer, Adelaida Zabalegui, Helen Chester, David Challis
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between carer burden and characteristics of (1) the informal carer, (2) the person with dementia, and (3) the care support network in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: People with dementia judged at risk of admission to long-term care (LTC) facilities in 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1223 people with dementia supported by community services at home or receiving day care or respite care and their informal carers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#16
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#17
REVIEW
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711477/the-association-between-toxoplasma-and-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-general-population-setting
#18
Maija Lindgren, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Tommi Härkänen, Faith Dickerson, Robert H Yolken, Jaana Suvisaari
Toxoplasma gondii infection is associated with increased risk for psychosis. However, the possible association between T. gondii and psychotic-like symptoms in the general adult population is unknown. We investigated whether T. gondii is associated with psychotic-like symptoms and psychosis diagnoses using data from Health 2000, a large cross-sectional health survey of the Finnish general population aged 30 and above. Seropositivity to toxoplasma was defined as a cutoff of 50IU/ml of IgG antibodies. Lifetime psychotic-like symptoms were identified with section G of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Munich version (M-CIDI)...
July 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698244/abortion-terminology-views-of-women-seeking-abortion-in-britain
#19
Sharon Cameron, Patricia A Lohr, Roger Ingham
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to whether 'abortion or 'termination of pregnancy' should be used by health professionals during interactions with women and in published works. METHODS: Self-administered anonymous questionnaires were distributed to women attending 54 abortion clinics in Scotland, England and Wales during a 4-month period in 2015. Responses were coded and analysed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics were generated and responses compared by demographic characteristics...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693475/the-effect-of-patient-death-on-medical-students-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Nicholas J Batley, Rinad Bakhti, Ali Chami, Elsy Jabbour, Rana Bachir, Christopher El Khuri, Afif J Mufarrij
BACKGROUND: The emotional consequences of patient deaths on physicians have been studied in a variety of medical settings. Reactions to patient death include distress, guilt, and grief. Comparatively, there are few studies on the effects of patient death on physicians and residents in the Emergency Department (ED). The ED setting is considered unique for having more sudden deaths that likely include the young and previously healthy and expectations for the clinician to return to a dynamic work environment...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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