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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313459/mental-health-effects-following-the-eruption-in-eyjafjallaj%C3%A3-kull-volcano-in-iceland-a-population-based-study
#1
Ólöf Sunna Gissurardóttir, Heidrun Hlodversdóttir, Edda Bjork Thordardóttir, Gudrún Pétursdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir
AIM: Volcanic eruptions and other natural disasters may affect survivor's physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine the mental health effects of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption in Iceland on nearby residents, by exposure level and experience. METHODS: This population-based study included 1615 residents living in an area close to the Eyjafjallajökull volcano at the time of the eruption and a sample of 697 residents from a non-exposed area...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306338/adverse-events-in-home-care-identifying-and-responding-with-interrai-scales-and-clinical-assessment-protocols
#2
Chi-Ling Joanna Sinn, Raquel Souza Dias Betini, Jennifer Wright, Lorri Eckler, Byung Wook Chang, Sophie Hogeveen, Luke Turcotte, John P Hirdes
Outcomes of adverse events in home care are varied and multifactorial. This study tested a framework combining two health measures to identify home care recipients at higher risk of long-term care placement or death within one year. Both measures come from the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC), a standardized comprehensive clinical assessment. Persons scoring high in the Method for Assigning Priority Levels (MAPLe) algorithm and Changes in Health, End-stage disease, Signs and Symptoms (CHESS) scale were at the greatest risk of placement or death and more than twice as likely to experience either outcome earlier than others...
January 8, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294966/validation-of-the-brief-symptom-inventory-18-among-low-income-african-american-adolescents-exposed-to-community-violence
#3
Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Murphy Michalopoulos, Dexter R Voisin
African American youth, especially those who reside in low resourced communities, are exposed to higher levels of exposure to community violence relative to their counterparts from other race/ethnic groups. However, appropriate measures for assessing psychological stress related to such exposures are underresearched in the extant literature for this population. The aim of the current study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18) scale among African American youth exposed to community violence through classical test theory and item response theory methods...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284551/family-care-conferences-in-long-term-care-exploring-content-and-processes-in-end-of-life-communication
#4
Pamela Durepos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Tamara Sussman, Deborah Parker, Kevin Brazil, Susan Mintzberg, Alyssa Te
OBJECTIVE: End-of-life (EoL) communication in long-term care (LTC) homes is often inadequate and delayed, leaving residents dying with unknown preferences or goals of care. Poor communication with staff contributes to families feeling unprepared, distressed, and dissatisfied with care. Family care conferences (FCCs) aim to increase structured systematic communication around goals and plans for the end of life. As part of the Strengthening a Palliative Approach to Care (SPA-LTC) project, FCCs were implemented in four LTC sites in Ontario, Canada...
December 29, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243167/psychological-distress-among-indigenous-australian-cancer-survivors
#5
Gail Garvey, J Cunningham, M Janda, V Yf He, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the level of and factors associated with distress in 155 Indigenous Australian cancer survivors approximately 6 months post-diagnosis. METHODS: The distress thermometer (DT) was used to assess clinically significant distress (defined as having a DT score ≥ 4). Logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with clinically significant distress. RESULTS: The mean distress score was 2...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241925/a-community-based-epidemiological-survey-of-overactive-bladder-and-voiding-dysfunction-in-female-taiwanese-residents-aged-40-years-and-above
#6
Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire containing groups of different questionnaires was translated into Chinese and each one was validated separately...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230010/serotype-and-virulence-genes-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-mink-and-its-pathogenesis-in-mice-and-mink
#7
Wang Jian-Li, Shang Yuan-Yuan, Guo Shou-Yu, Diao Fei-Fei, Yu Jia-Yu, Wei Xue-Hua, Zhao Yong-Feng, Jiang Shi-Jin, Xie Zhi-Jing
In the study, 15 K. pneumoniae strains were isolated from the mink experiencing respiratory distress in mideastern Shandong province, China, and the prevalence of K. pneumoniae in the sampled mink was 11.9% (15/126). Fourteen (93.33%) of the 15 K. pneumoniae isolates were identified as serotype K2 and hypermucoviscosity phenotype. The 12 virulence-associated genes of the K. pneumoniae isolates were tested. The prevalence of the wabG gene for the isolates were 100% (15/15), the ureA gene 100% (15/15), the rmpA gene 93...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227238/effects-of-family-conflict-and-anger-on-alcohol-use-among-american-indian-students-mediating-effects-of-outcome-expectancies
#8
Randall C Swaim, Linda R Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Identification of etiologic mechanisms underlying alcohol use among American Indian adolescents is essential because of higher rates of use and earlier initiation. One path links positive outcome expectancies to increased use for reduction of negative affect. This study estimates relationships between two aspects of distress among American Indian high school students-family conflict and anger-and alcohol involvement, and it investigates whether outcome expectancies serve as a mediator between these facets of distress and alcohol use...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197351/maternal-characteristics-and-birth-outcomes-resulting-from-births-before-arrival-at-health-facilities-in-nkangala-district-south-africa-a-case-control-study
#9
Sikhulile Khupakonke, Andy Beke, Donald H A Amoko
BACKGROUND: Risks of severe, avoidable maternal and neonatal complications at birth are increased if the birth occurs before arrival at the health facility and in the absence of skilled birth attendants. Birth Before Arrival (BBA) is a preventable phenomenon still common in modern-day practice despite extensive improvements made in obstetric care and in accessibility to healthcare in South Africa. This study aimed to determine the risk factors and outcomes in mothers and babies associated with being born before arrival at hospitals...
December 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197035/the-association-between-apartment-layout-and-depressive-symptomology-among-hispanic-latino-residents-in-low-income-housing-the-ahome-study
#10
Earle C Chambers, Sonit Bafna, Herminia Machry
In this study of low-income Hispanic/Latino adults living in 291 individual apartments in the Bronx, New York, the apartment layout was significantly associated with the odds of depressive symptomology. Women living in apartments in which the most central rooms were the living, dining, or kitchen (i.e., rooms commonly used for communal activities) were less likely to have depressive symptomology (OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.22-0.86) than women in apartments where the central rooms were lobbies or corridors, adjusting for demographics, health conditions, and housing and neighborhood characteristics...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166125/rural-urban-differences-in-unpaid-caregivers-of-adults
#11
Elizabeth Crouch, Janice Probst, Kevin Bennett
INTRODUCTION:   Rural–urban differences in the characteristics of unpaid caregivers of adults in the USA were explored. METHODS:   Using 'Caregiving in the U.S. 2015', a survey fielded by the National Alliance for Caregiving and AARP, a national examination of rural caregivers (n=1352) is presented. RESULTS:   Rural caregivers reported lower socioeconomic status than urban caregivers (measured by income, education, and employment), suggesting greater likelihood of caregiver strain...
November 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165141/association-between-perceived-neighborhood-environment-and-health-of-middle-aged-women-living-in-rapidly-changing-urban-mongolia
#12
Tserendulam Shagdarsuren, Keiko Nakamura, Layla McCay
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in rapidly urbanizing Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, to examine patterns of perceived neighborhood quality by residents and the associations between these patterns and self-reported general and mental health in middle-aged women. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to 960 women aged 40-60 years. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics, subjects' perception of their neighborhood environment, general health status, and mental health as measured using a 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) were reported...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165096/depression-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-nothern-greece
#13
Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: Τo assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164970/a-feasibility-study-of-trauma-sensitive-obstetric-care-for-low-income-ethno-racial-minority-pregnant-abuse-survivors
#14
N R Stevens, T A Lillis, L Wagner, V Tirone, S E Hobfoll
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated (psychological and obstetric) intervention for pregnant abuse survivors with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) from low-income, ethno-racial minority backgrounds. METHODS: Trauma-sensitive obstetrics to promote control, anxiety-reduction and empowerment (TO-CARE) offers cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) coping skills delivered over six sessions by therapists, coupled with trauma-sensitive obstetric care from specially-trained obstetric physicians...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159000/umbilical-cord-prolapse-in-a-labouring-patient-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#15
Chandrew Rajakumar, Adam Garber, Purnima M Rao, Genevieve Rousseau, George A Dumitrascu, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) and anesthesiology. Consultation from a nurse educator maintained quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train OB/GYN and anesthesiology residents and nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155840/indications-and-determinants-of-caesarean-section-delivery-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-matlab-bangladesh
#16
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146222/nursing-staff-distress-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-young-onset-dementia-and-late-onset-dementia
#17
Jeannette C L van Duinen-van den IJssel, Ans J M J Mulders, Martin Smalbrugge, Sandra A Zwijsen, Britt Appelhof, Syste U Zuidema, Marjolein E de Vugt, Frans R J Verhey, Christian Bakker, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the relationship between different neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and the level of distress experienced by nurses caring for residents with young-onset dementia (YOD) and (2) to compare these findings with those for nurses caring for residents with late-onset dementia (LOD). DESIGN/SETTING: This is a retrospective study conducted in Dutch long-term care facilities. Data were used from the Behavior and Evolution of Young-ONset Dementia studies (BEYOND) Parts I and II and the WAAL Behavior in Dementia-II (Waalbed-II) study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#18
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124715/the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-perception-of-emotional-support-in-medical-students-and-residents-and-implications-for-educational-institutions
#19
Alan McLuckie, Katherine M Matheson, Ashley L Landers, Jeff Landine, Jason Novick, Tessa Barrett, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is pervasive among medical students and residents (MSR) and is associated with academic under-performance, decreased empathy, burnout, and suicidal ideation. To date, there has been little examination of how demographic and socioeconomic factors influence trainee's psychological distress levels, despite suggestion that financial concerns are a common source of stress. Recent Canadian studies examining the prevalence of distress, burnout, and resilience in MSR are limited...
November 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121916/a-longitudinal-study-looking-at-and-beyond-care-recipient-health-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-care-home-admission
#20
Raquel S D Betini, John P Hirdes, Donna S Lero, Susan Cadell, Jeff Poss, George Heckman
BACKGROUND: The unpaid care provided by informal caregivers allows care recipients to live longer in their homes, which often results in fewer unnecessary long term care home (LTCH) admissions. Although the relationship between care recipient's health characteristics and institutionalization is well known, the influence of caregiver distress and caregiving coresidence and relationship on this outcome is less clear. This study examines the association of care recipient care needs, caregiver distress and caregiving coresidence and relationship with care recipient long term care home admission...
November 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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