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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333899/-stem-progenitor-cells-in-diseases-of-the-respiratory-tract
#1
EDITORIAL
Tadeusz Płusa
Stem cells (SCs - stem cells) are characterized by plasticity and the ability to differentiate into other cell types. They are obtained from bone marrow, peripheral blood and cord blood. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) shows a broad immunomodulating, increases the number of regulatory T cells (Treg), modifies the activity of T cells, dendritic cells and NK (natural killer). Direct impact on reducing the release of proinflammatory cytokines and increased release of proinflammatory cytokines. Within the respiratory tract has a number of resident stem and progenitor cells referred to as L-MSCs (lung mesenchymal stem cells) whose presence was confirmed by markers as defined in the trachea, epithelial cells and alveolar...
March 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326609/bridging-the-gap-connecting-resident-assistants-and-suicidal-residents-through-gatekeeper-training
#2
Kate McLean, Martin A Swanbrow Becker
One hundred sixty-two resident assistants (RAs) at a large southeastern university were randomly assigned to attend either a specialized 1-hr training program in suicide prevention (intervention group) or a stress and time management skills training program (control group). The results failed to show the suicide prevention training program had any impact on RA intervention behaviors, resident help-seeking behaviors, or RA perceptions of resident distress and suicidality 4 months following training. Results are interpreted and discussed in relation to strengthening suicide prevention training programs on college campuses...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320380/loneliness-in-the-general-population-prevalence-determinants-and-relations-to-mental-health
#3
Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Iris Reiner, Claus Jünger, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Karl J Lackner, Ana N Tibubos
BACKGROUND: While loneliness has been regarded as a risk to mental and physical health, there is a lack of current community data covering a broad age range. This study used a large and representative German adult sample to investigate loneliness. METHODS: Baseline data of the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) collected between April 2007 and April 2012 (N = 15,010; 35-74 years), were analyzed. Recruitment for the community-based, prospective, observational cohort study was performed in equal strata for gender, residence and age decades...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#4
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292764/adult-and-adolescent-livestock-productive-asset-transfer-programmes-to-improve-mental-health-economic-stability-and-family-and-community-relationships-in-rural-south-kivu-province-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Anjalee Kohli, Nancy A Perrin, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Mirindi Bacikenge Alfred, Kajabika Binkurhorhwa Arsene, Mwinja Bufole Nadine, Banyewesize Jean Heri, Mitima Murhula Clovis, Nancy Glass
INTRODUCTION: People living in poverty have limited access to traditional financial institutions. Microfinance programmes are designed to meet this gap and show promise in improving income, economic productivity and health. Our Congolese-US community academic research partnership developed two livestock productive asset transfer programmes, Pigs for Peace (PFP) and Rabbits for Resilience (RFR), to address the interlinked health, social and economic well-being of individuals, their families and communities...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292190/residing-in-economically-distressed-rural-appalachia-is-independently-associated-with-excess-body-weight-in-college-students
#6
Demetrius A Abshire, Terry A Lennie, Gia T Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is greater among adults living in rural compared to urban areas of the USA. Greater obesity risk among rural adults persists after adjusting for obesity-related behaviors and sociodemographic factors. With the rural-urban obesity disparity greatest among younger adults, it is important to examine the complexity of factors that may increase the risk for excess body weight in this population so that effective preventive interventions can be implemented...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#7
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278753/psychological-distress-among-ugandan-adolescents-living-with-hiv-examining-stressors-and-the-buffering-role-of-general-and-religious-coping-strategies
#8
Massy Mutumba, Jose A Bauermeister, Gary W Harper, Victor Musiime, James Lepkowski, Ken Resnicow, Rachel C Snow
HIV infection increases the risk of psychological distress among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), which, in turn, increases risky behaviours such as medication non-adherence, substance use, and sexual risk-taking. The majority of studies on psychological distress among ALHIV have been conducted in high-income countries; data on the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are scarce, yet over two-thirds of the global population of ALHIV resides in SSA. The purpose of this study was to identify the contextually relevant correlates of psychological distress among Ugandan ALHIV...
April 11, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#9
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274395/attitudes-of-radiation-oncologists-toward-palliative-and-supportive-care-in-the-united-states-report-on-national-membership-survey-by-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-astro
#10
Randy L Wei, Malcolm D Mattes, James Yu, Adrienne Thrasher, Hui-Kuo Shu, Harald Paganetti, Jennifer De Los Santos, Bridget Koontz, Christopher Abraham, Tracy Balboni
PURPOSE: Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, nonpain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills and access to continuing medical education on PSC...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274015/anaphylaxis-complicated-by-acute-respiratory-distress-and-fatal-outcome-in-a-nigerian-family
#11
Efeturi Agelebe, Tawakalit Lily Musa, Idowu Adebowale Ajayi, Olusola Adetunji Oyedeji
Reports on hypersensitivity diseases in Nigerians are rare. We report the incidence of anaphylaxis in three siblings following fatal outcome in their mother. Urticarial rashes were noticed in three siblings' resident in a South Western Nigerian town, one week before presentation at our facility. All the three siblings developed respiratory distress four days after the rash was noticed. Onset of respiratory distress made the family seek care at a private hospital, where they were admitted and treated with intravenous aminophylline and ceftriaxone...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273238/evaluation-of-self-perception-of-mechanical-ventilation-knowledge-among-brazilian-final-year-medical-students-residents-and-emergency-physicians
#12
Fernando Sabia Tallo, Simone de Campos Vieira Abib, Alexandre Jorgi de Andrade Negri, Paulo Cesar, Renato Delascio Lopes, Antônio Carlos Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To present self-assessments of knowledge about mechanical ventilation made by final-year medical students, residents, and physicians taking qualifying courses at the Brazilian Society of Internal Medicine who work in urgent and emergency settings. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire comprising different areas of knowledge and training in mechanical ventilation was given to 806 medical students, residents, and participants in qualifying courses at 11 medical schools in Brazil...
February 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270116/-nothing-s-actually-happened-to-me-the-experiences-of-fathers-who-found-childbirth-traumatic
#13
Jody Etheridge, Pauline Slade
BACKGROUND: Given the limited research into men's experiences of being present at childbirth this study explored the experiences of fathers who found childbirth traumatic. The aim of the research was to investigate how men coped with these experiences; the impact on their lives; and their views on what may have helped to reduce distress. METHODS: Participants were recruited via websites relating to birth trauma and parenthood. A consent and screening questionnaire was used to ensure that participants met the inclusion criteria of: being resident in the UK; being 16 years or older; having been present at the birth and answering yes to the question "At some point during the childbirth I experienced feelings of intense fear, helplessness or horror"...
March 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235970/gamblingless-for-life-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial-of-an-online-cognitive-behavioural-programme-for-disordered-gambling
#14
S S Merkouris, S N Rodda, D Austin, D I Lubman, P Harvey, M Battersby, J Cunningham, T Lavis, D Smith, N A Dowling
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of disordered gambling worldwide has been estimated at 2.3%. Only a small minority of disordered gamblers seek specialist face-to-face treatment, and so a need for alternative treatment delivery models that capitalise on advances in communication technology, and use self-directed activity that can complement existing services has been identified. As such, the primary aim of this study is to evaluate an online self-directed cognitive-behavioural programme for disordered gambling (GamblingLess: For Life)...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#15
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208872/analgesics-self-medication-and-its-association-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-undergraduates
#16
Amit Kumar, Vandana, Ahmad Nadeem Aslami
INTRODUCTION: Self medication especially with analgesics is a common practice among undergraduate medical students. Variation in analgesic self medication prevalence and pattern is often seen due to geographical and target population differences. The mutual influence of pain and sleep quality might persuade students self medication behaviour. AIM: To assess analgesic self medication and its association with sleep quality among the medical undergraduates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 among 320 medical undergraduates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207335/housing-assistance-programs-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#17
Andrew Fenelon, Patrick Mayne, Alan E Simon, Lauren M Rossen, Veronica Helms, Patricia Lloyd, Jon Sperling, Barry L Steffen
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether access to housing assistance is associated with better health among low-income adults. METHODS: We used National Health Interview Survey data (1999-2012) linked to US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administrative records (1999-2014) to examine differences in reported fair or poor health and psychological distress. We used multivariable models to compare those currently receiving HUD housing assistance (public housing, housing choice vouchers, and multifamily housing) with those who will receive housing assistance within 2 years (the average duration of HUD waitlists) to account for selection into HUD assistance...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203274/complementary-primary-mental-health-programs-for-young-people-in-australia-access-to-allied-psychological-services-ataps-and-headspace
#18
Bridget Bassilios, Nicolas Telford, Debra Rickwood, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was introduced in 2001 by the Australian Government to provide evidence-based psychological interventions for people with high prevalence disorders. headspace, Australia's National Youth Mental Health Foundation, was established in 2006 to promote and facilitate improvements in the mental health, social wellbeing and economic participation of young people aged 12-25 years. Both programs provided free or low cost psychological services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202265/association-between-chronic-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-mortality-in-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
Barret Rush, Robert C McDermid, Leo Anthony Celi, Keith R Walley, James A Russell, John H Boyd
The impact of chronic exposure to air pollution and outcomes in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unknown. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2011 was utilized for this analysis. The NIS is a national database that captures 20% of all US in-patient hospitalizations from 47 states. Patients with ARDS who underwent mechanical ventilation from the highest 15 ozone pollution cities were compared with the rest of the country. Secondary analyses assessed outcomes of ARDS patients for ozone pollution and particulate matter pollution on a continuous scale by county of residence...
February 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192095/cigarette-smoking-and-adverse-health-outcomes-among-adults-receiving-federal-housing-assistance
#20
Veronica E Helms, Brian A King, Peter J Ashley
Cigarette smoking is higher among low-income adults and individuals who reside in federally assisted housing are particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. This study assessed smoking-related behaviors and health outcomes among U.S. adults who received federal housing assistance during 2006-2012. National Health Interview Survey data linked with administrative data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development were analyzed; 5218 HUD-assisted adults were assessed...
February 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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