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Resident distress

Thanh Tam Tran, Joel Adams-Bedford, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Injury and psychological distress are public health priorities because of their high occurrence in the population. This study examines the longitudinal effects of injury characteristics on psychological distress. METHODS: Study participants were enrolled distance learning Thai adults (N = 42,785 at 2013 follow-up) residing nationwide. We analysed 2009 and 2013 data. Injury questions included injury prevalence, causes and levels of severity. Distress was measured using the standard Kessler-6...
2016: PloS One
Ana F Teixeira, Sónia F Dias
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining how factors relating to immigrants' experience in the host country affect psychological distress (PD). Specifically, we analyzed the association among socio-economic status (SES), integration in the labor market, specific immigration experience characteristics, and PD in a multi-ethnic sample of immigrant individuals residing in Lisbon, Portugal. DESIGN: Using a sample (n = 1375) consisting of all main immigrant groups residing in Portugal's metropolitan area of Lisbon, we estimated multivariable linear regression models of PD regressed on selected sets of socio-economic independent variables...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Arshad Javaid, Zubair Shaheen, Muhammad Shafqat, Amer Hayat Khan, Nafees Ahmad
Among 186 retrospectively evaluated patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, 33.9% were cured, 6.6% completed treatment, 25% died, 18.3% were lost to follow-up, 2.2% failed treatment, and 13.8% were still undergoing treatment by the end of the study period. Rural residence was a risk factor for loss to follow-up (odds ratio [OR], 3.315; P = .016), whereas baseline body weight <40 kg (OR, 2.175; P = .042) and resistance to ofloxacin (OR, 2.889; P = .025) were risk factors for death...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Najith Amarasena, Kostas Kapellas, Michael R Skilton, Louise J Maple-Brown, Alex Brown, Mark Bartold, Kerin O'Dea, David Celermajer, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with routine dental attendance in Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: Data of 271 Aboriginal adults residing in Australia's Northern Territory were used. Routine dental attendance was defined as last visiting a dentist less than one year ago or visiting a dentist for a check-up. Both bivariate and multivariable analytical techniques were used. RESULTS: While 27% visited a dentist in the past year, 29% of these visited for a check-up...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Haera Han, Hochang B Lee, Joseph J Gallo, Jin Hui Joo
OBJECTIVE: Korean American Elderly (KAE) have high rates of depression but underuse mental health services. The purpose of this study was to assess the meaning of depression and help seeking among KAE residing in the United States who have clinically significant depressive symptoms. METHODS: As a follow up to the Memory and Aging Study of Koreans (MASK; n=1,118), a descriptive epidemiological study which showed that only one in four of KAE with clinically significant depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9≥10) used mental health services, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with participants with clinically significant depressive symptoms regarding the meaning of depression and beliefs about help seeking...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Meghan Prin, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, but epidemiologic data about trauma patients who require intensive care unit (ICU) admission are scant. This study aimed to describe the annual incidence of ICU admission for adult trauma patients, including an assessment of risk factors for hospital complications and mortality in this population. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adults hospitalized at Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers after trauma and recorded in the National Trauma Data Bank in 2013...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Brielle M Spataro, Sarah A Tilstra, Doris M Rubio, Melissa A McNeil
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a significant problem facing internal medicine residents contributing to increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation. Coping mechanisms and burnout may differ based on sex. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of reported burnout and coping mechanisms used by internal medicine residents in June 2014 at a large academic center and its community affiliate. Two hundred eighty-five postgraduate year (PGY)-1, 2, 3, and 4 and incoming PGY-1 residents were surveyed...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Sarah Mello, Kieran A O'Connor
In recent years, 1,200 long-term care facility (LTCF) beds have been closed in Ireland, resulting in residents being transferred between facilities. The current study examined morbidity and mortality in residents relocated between LTCFs. The outcomes were studied for residents who transferred between LTCFs compared to residents who did not move (i.e., controls). A retrospective analysis was performed recording demographic data and markers of function and frailty. As a measure of morbidity, new antidepressant medication prescriptions and antibiotic drug use were examined...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Mapuana Ck Antonio, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Claire Townsend Ing, Adrienne Dillard, Kevin Cassel, B Puni Kekauoha, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula
Discrimination is an acute and chronic stressor that negatively impacts the health of many ethnic groups in the United States. Individuals who perceive increased levels of discrimination are at risk of experiencing psychological distress and symptoms of depression. No study to date has examined the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in Native Hawaiians. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between perceived discrimination and depression based on the Homestead Health Survey mailed to Native Hawaiian residents of Hawaiian Home Lands...
September 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Negin Paast, Zohreh Khosravi, Amir Hossein Memari, Monir Shayestehfar, Mohammad Arbabi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functioning in individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and with Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) has not been adequately studied. AIM: Examine the cognitive flexibility and planning ability of individuals with OCD and OCPD. METHODS: Twenty patients with OCD and 25 patients with OCPD who had not taken medication in the previous two weeks were identified in an outpatient psychology clinic in Tehran, and 25 healthy control subjects were identified from the university staff and local community residents...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Camille Berriochoa, Matthew C Ward, Michael A Weller, Emma Holliday, Aaron Kusano, Charles R Thomas, Rahul D Tendulkar
PURPOSE: To characterize applicant interview experiences at radiation oncology residency programs during the 2016 match cycle and to assess applicant opinions regarding postinterview communication (PIC) after recent attention to gamesmanship noted in prior match cycles. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An anonymous, institutional review board-approved, 29-question survey was deployed following the rank order list deadline to all 2016 radiation oncology residency applicants applying to a single institution...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Cynthia Watters, Paul O'Callaghan
This article reviews the available quantitative literature on mental health and psychosocial interventions among children and adolescents in street situations (CASS) in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC). PRISMA standards for systematic reviews were used to search five databases as well as grey literature. There were four inclusion criteria; studies had to involve a description of an external (i.e. outside of the home) mental health or psychosocial intervention/treatment, must be focused in LAMIC, must be focused on CASS, and must empirically evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention described...
October 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Monika Eichholzer, Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Seraina M Schmid, Cornelia Leo, Dorothy J Huang, Uwe Güth
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, the French-speaking region has an organized breast cancer (BC) screening program; in the German-speaking region, only opportunistic screening until recently had been offered. We evaluated factors associated with attendance to breast cancer screening in these two regions. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 50-69 year-old women (n = 2769) from the Swiss Health Survey 2012. Factors of interest included education level, place of residence, nationality, marital status, smoking history, alcohol consumption, physical activity, diet, self-perceived health, history of chronic diseases and mental distress, visits to medical doctors and cervical and colorectal cancer screening...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Zhen Cong, Ali Nejat, Daan Liang
INTRODUCTION: This study examines how changes in emotional closeness and exchanges of support among family members after Hurricane Sandy affected residents' psychological outcomes both positively and negatively. METHODS: The working sample included 130 family ties reported by 85 respondents recruited from community and shelter residents on Staten Island after it was seriously damaged by the 2012 Hurricane Sandy. Regression with robust standard errors was used to examine how changes in emotional closeness and exchanges of support with adult family members affected respondents' posttraumatic psychological distress and posttraumatic growth...
2016: PLoS Currents
Linda H Banks, Lisa A Davenport, Meghan H Hayes, Moriah A McArthur, Stacey N Toro, Cameron E King, Hazel M Vazirani
: Introduction In the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains, in central Appalachia (a region that spans 13 states in the US), sits an economically distressed and rural community of the United States. Once a thriving coal-mining area, this region now is reported as one of the hardest places to live in the US. Southeastern Kentucky, located in a remote, rocky, mountainous area surrounded by rivers and valleys and prone to flooding, experienced a major flood in Spring 2013 causing significant damage to homes and critical infrastructure...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Billie Giles-Corti
Fear of crime is implicated as a risk factor for poorer mental health, yet few studies have explored whether there is a causal relationship between fear of crime and health, or tested the direction of the relationship. Does, for example, heightened fear of crime lead to poorer mental health, or could poorer mental health exacerbate fear of crime? RESIDE participants in Perth, Australia, completed a questionnaire three years after moving to their neighbourhood (2007-2008, n = 1230), and again four years later (2011-2012, n = 531)...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Raymond A B van der Wal, Martin J L Bucx, Jan C M Hendriks, Gert-Jan Scheffer, Judith B Prins
BACKGROUND: Working in anaesthesia is stressful, but also satisfying. Work-related stress can have a negative impact on mental health, whereas work-related satisfaction protects against these harmful effects. OBJECTIVE(S): How work stress and satisfaction are experienced may be related to personality. Our aim was to study the relationship between personality and perception of work in a sample of Dutch anaesthesiologists. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey...
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Koji Yoshida, Tetsuko Shinkawa, Hideko Urata, Kanami Nakashima, Makiko Orita, Kiyotaka Yasui, Atsushi Kumagai, Akira Ohtsuru, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda, Naomi Hayashida, Takashi Kudo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
BACKGROUND: To shed light on the mental health of evacuees after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), we evaluate the results of the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) of the residents at Kawauchi village in Fukushima, which is located less than 30 km from the FDNPS. METHODS: We conducted the cross-sectional study within the framework of the FHMS. Exposure values were "anorexia," "subjective feelings about health," "feelings about sleep satisfaction," and "bereavement caused by the disaster," confounding variables were "age" and "sex," and outcome variables were "K6 points...
2016: PeerJ
A A Ayorinde, S Bhattacharya, K L Druce, G T Jones, G J Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies on chronic pelvic pain (CPP) have focused on women of reproductive age. We aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in adult women and the differences in associated factors among women of reproductive age and older women. In addition, to determine whether distinct subgroups existed among CPP cases. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was conducted among 5300 randomly selected women aged ≥25 years resident in the Grampian region, UK...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Karen R Flórez, Madhumita Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Kayla de la Haye, Obidiugwu Kenrik Duru, Ana F Abraído-Lanza, Tamara Dubowitz
African American neighborhoods have been historically targeted for urban renewal projects, which impact social composition and resident's health. The Hill District in Pittsburgh, PA is such a neighborhood. This research sought to investigate the extent to which social networks and perceived neighborhood social cohesion and safety were associated with psychological distress among residents in an African American neighborhood undergoing urban renewal, before the implementation of major neighborhood changes. Findings revealed a modest, significant inverse association between social network size and psychological distress (β = -0...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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