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Resident burnout

Mallory Taylor, Joseph R Hageman, Melanie Brown
Physician burnout is a topic of growing importance in today's health care system. Tangible interventions aimed at reducing burnout and promoting wellness are now necessary components of medical training and practice. A study examined the feasibility and impact of a brief mindfulness intervention using a free smartphone application with a resident population. Participants used a free smartphone application to complete a 10-day program in mindfulness meditation, and completed surveys at the end of the program...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Brielle M Spataro, Sarah A Tilstra, Doris M Rubio, Melissa A McNeil
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a significant problem facing internal medicine residents contributing to increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation. Coping mechanisms and burnout may differ based on sex. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of reported burnout and coping mechanisms used by internal medicine residents in June 2014 at a large academic center and its community affiliate. Two hundred eighty-five postgraduate year (PGY)-1, 2, 3, and 4 and incoming PGY-1 residents were surveyed...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Nils Myszkowski, Barbara Villoing, Franck Zenasni, Philippe Jaury, Emilie Boujut
Residents experience severely high levels of stress, depression and burnout, leading to perceived medical errors, as well as to symptoms of impairment, such as chronic anger, cognitive impairment, suicidal behavior and substance abuse. Because research has not yet provided a psychometrically robust population-specific tool to measure the level of stress of medicine residents, we aimed at building and validating such a measure. Using an inductive scale development approach, a short, pragmatic measure was built, based on the interviews of 17 medicine residents...
August 12, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Daniel J Kao, Kevin Franzese, Young Il Seo, Neil V Mandalaywala, Kunal Oak, Alex Moroz, Tracy Espiritu, Derek J Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Michael C Shapiro, Sowmya R Rao, Jason Dean, Andrew R Salama
PURPOSE: Shame is an ineffective tool in residency education that often results in depression, isolation, and worse patient care. This study aimed to assess burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels in current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, to assess the prevalence of the use of shame in OMS residency training, and to determine whether there is a relation between shame exposure and resident burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Abigail Ford Winkel, Nathalie Feldman, Haley Moss, Holli Jakalow, Julia Simon, Stephanie Blank
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a workshop Narrative Medicine curriculum can improve burnout among obstetrics and gynecology residents. METHODS: A Narrative Medicine curriculum was conducted at three obstetrics and gynecology training programs. An explanatory research design examined correlation between Narrative Medicine attendance and changes in survey responses. Residents completed a pretest and 1-year posttest survey that included validated measures of burnout and empathy...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hanne Verweij, Frank M M A van der Heijden, Madelon L M van Hooff, Jelle T Prins, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Anne E M Speckens
Burnout is highly prevalent in medical residents. In order to prevent or reduce burnout in medical residents, we should gain a better understanding of contributing and protective factors of burnout. Therefore we examined the associations of job demands and resources, home demands and resources, and work-home interferences with burnout in male and female medical residents. This study was conducted on a nation-wide sample of medical residents. In 2005, all Dutch medical residents (n = 5245) received a self-report questionnaire on burnout, job and home demands and resources and work-home interference...
September 20, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Osamu Nomura, Hiroki Mishina, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Akira Ishiguro, Hirokazu Sakai, Hiroyuki Kato
Duty hour regulations have been placed in residency programs to address mental health concerns and to improve wellness. Here, we elucidate the prevalence of depressive symptoms after implementing an overnight call shift system and the factors associated with burnout or depression among residents.A sequential exploratory mixed methods study was conducted in a tertiary care pediatric and perinatal hospital in Tokyo, Japan. A total of 41 pediatric residents participated in the cross-sectional survey. We determined and compared the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the number of actual working hours before and after implementing the shift system...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eric Young, Chad Stickrath, Monica C McNulty, Aaron J Calderon, Elizabeth Chapman, Jed D Gonzalo, Ethan F Kuperman, Max Lopez, Christopher J Smith, Joseph R Sweigart, Cecelia N Theobald, Robert E Burke
BACKGROUND: Medical residents are routinely entrusted with transitions of care, yet little is known about the duration or content of their perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: To examine the duration and content of internal medicine residents' perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. The secondary objective was to determine whether specific individual experiences and characteristics correlate with perceived responsibility...
September 14, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
David A Faber, Shivam Joshi, Mark H Ebell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Itay Pruginin, Dorit Segal-Engelchin, Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik
BACKGROUND: To date, studies on the outcomes of a shared war reality among mental health professionals (MHPs) in southern Israel have focused only on those residing and working in Otef Gaza. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of different exposure levels to shared trauma on the professional quality of life of MHPs in southern Israel. This study compares the level of secondary traumatic stress, burnout, and compassion satisfaction of social workers from Otef Gaza to social workers living and working in the Beer-Sheva area who experience occasional missile attacks...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Emily G Holmes, AnnaMarie Connolly, Karen T Putnam, Kenan M Penaskovic, Clark R Denniston, Leslie H Clark, David R Rubinow, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
OBJECTIVE: Rates of resident physician burnout range from 60 to 76 % and are rising. Consequently, there is an urgent need for academic medical centers to develop system-wide initiatives to combat burnout in physicians. Academic psychiatrists who advocate for or treat residents should be familiar with the scope of the problem and the contributors to burnout and potential interventions to mitigate it. We aimed to measure burnout in residents across a range of specialties and to describe resident- and program director-identified contributors and interventions...
July 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Teresa A Lapa, Sérgio A Carvalho, Joaquim S Viana, Pedro L Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Stress in anaesthesiologists is a common and multifactorial problem related to patients, colleagues and organisations. The consequences of stress include depression, work-home conflicts and burnout. Reduction in stress can be achieved by reducing the number and magnitude of stressors or by increasing resilience strategies. OBJECTIVES: We have created the self-reporting 'Stress Questionnaire in Anaesthesiologists' (SQA), to qualify the sources of stress in anaesthesiologists' professional lives, and measure the level of associated stress...
July 15, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Marisa Pulcrano, Stephen R T Evans, Michael Sosin
Importance: Establishing strategies to minimize the burden of burnout and poor quality of life (QOL) on surgeons relies on a thorough understanding of QOL and burnout among the various surgical specialties. Objectives: To systematically review the literature across multiple surgical specialties and provide a comprehensive understanding of QOL and burnout among all surgeons, to delineate variation in rates of burnout and poor QOL, and to elucidate factors that are commonly implicated in these outcomes...
July 13, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Chuncai Zhou, Guijian Liu, Xudong Wang, Cuicui Qi
The thermochemical characteristics and gaseous trace pollutant behaviors during co-combustion medium-to-low ash bituminous coal with typical biomass residues (corn stalk and sawdust) were investigated. Lowering of ignition index, burnout temperature and activation energy in the major combustion stage are observed in the coal/biomass blends. The blending proportion of 20% and 30% are regarded as the optimum blends for corn stalk and sawdust, respectively, in according the limitations of heating value, activation energy, flame stability and base/acid ratio...
October 2016: Bioresource Technology
Bellal Joseph, Saman Parvaneh, Tianyi Swartz, Ansab A Haider, Ahmed Hassan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Andrew Tang, Rifat Latifi, Bijan Najafi, Peter Rhee
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of stress on the wellness of trauma team members are well established; however, the level of stress has never been quantitatively assessed. The aim of our study was to assess the level of stress using subjective data and objective heart rate variability (HRV) among attending surgeons (ASs), junior residents (JRs) (PGY2/PGY3), and senior residents (SRs) (PGY5/PGY6) during trauma activation and emergency surgery. METHODS: We preformed a prospective study enrolling participants over eight 24-hour calls in our Level I trauma center...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Awais Amjad Malik, Samiullah Bhatti, Abubakar Shafiq, Romaisa Shamim Khan, Usman Ismat Butt, Syed Muhammad Bilal, Huma Sabir Khan, Muhammad Kashif Malik, Mahmood Ayyaz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of burnout among surgical residents working at various public sector hospitals in Pakistan. DESIGN: A survey based on MBI was used to assess the presence of burnout. Residents were grouped into Group A (Burn out) or Group B (No burn out). Pearson Test was used to see any correlation between different variables and burn out. A p value of <0.05 was taken as significant. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A cross sectional survey of all the surgical residents at various public sector hospitals in Lahore was done...
August 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
B Ratnakaran, A Prabhakaran, V Karunakaran
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Residents work in emotionally demanding environments with multiple stressors. The risk for burnout is high in them and it has significant negative consequences for their career. Burnout is also associated with consequences in terms of physical and mental health including insomnia, cardiovascular disease, depression and suicidal ideation. Thus, the study aimed to study the prevalence of burn out and its correlates among interns and residents at Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India...
July 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Jesus Montero-Marin, Fernando Zubiaga, Maria Cereceda, Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo, Patricia Trenc, Javier Garcia-Campayo
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare professionals report high levels of distress and burnout. A new model of burnout has been developed to differentiate three clinical subtypes: 'frenetic', 'underchallenged' and 'worn-out'. The aim of this study was to confirm the validity and reliability of the burnout subtype model in Spanish primary healthcare professionals, and to assess the explanatory power of the self-compassion construct as a possible protective factor. METHOD: The study employed a cross-sectional design...
2016: PloS One
David Kealy, Priyanka Halli, John S Ogrodniczuk, George Hadjipavlou
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a serious problem for health care providers that has implications for clinical practice and personal health. While burnout is known to affect residents, no studies have examined the prevalence or impact of burnout among Canadian psychiatry residents. METHOD: Residents in all Canadian psychiatry training programs were surveyed between May 1, 2014, and July 1, 2014. The survey included a well-validated, single-item measure to assess symptoms of burnout, several demographic questions, and Likert-scale items to assess residents' appraisals of empathic functioning and strategies for coping with stress from patient encounters...
April 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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