Read by QxMD icon Read


Kadri Altundag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Li-Mei Qu, Shu-Hua Wang, Kun Yang, David R Brigstock, Li Sun, Run-Ping Gao
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of drug-induced autoimmune hepatitis (DIAIH) and its differentiation from idiopathic autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is challenging. This study aimed to differentiate DIAIH from AIH by comparing the biochemical changes, histological features, and frequencies of CD4+ Foxp3+ CD25+/- regulatory T cells (Tregs) in liver tissues or peripheral blood lymphocytes. METHODS: A total of 15 DIAIH patients and 24 AIH patients who underwent liver biopsies at initial presentation were enrolled in this study...
February 19, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Khaled Elshazly, Varun R Kshettry, Christopher J Farrell, Gurston Nyquist, Marc Rosen, James J Evans
BACKGROUND: Giant pituitary adenomas represent a surgical challenge. We present the results of the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for giant pituitary adenomas. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 55 patients with giant pituitary adenomas (> 4 cm in maximum diameter) that underwent an EEA from 2008 - 2016. Factors affecting the extent of resection (EOR) were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean age was 55.5 years. All tumors were non-functional except in four patients (GH-secreting [2], ACTH-secreting [1], prolactinoma [1])...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Milla-Maria Tauriainen, Ville Männistö, Dorota Kaminska, Maija Vaittinen, Vesa Kärjä, Pirjo Käkelä, Sari Venesmaa, Helena Gylling, Jussi Pihlajamäki
Background & aims : Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associates with low levels of serum plant sterols in cross-sectional studies. However, parenterally given plant sterols may lead to liver injury. In addition, it has been suggested that the hepatic sterol transport mechanisms are altered in NAFLD. Therefore, we investigated the association between serum, liver and bile plant sterols and sitostanol with NAFLD. Methods : Out of the 138 individuals (age: 46.3±8.9, BMI: 43.3±6.9 kg/m², 28% men and 72% women), 44 could be histologically categorized to have normal liver, and 94 to have NAFLD...
March 14, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Yayoi Adachi, Masataka Sawaki, Masaya Hattori, Akiyo Yoshimura, Noami Gondo, Haruru Kotani, Madoka Iwase, Ayumi Kataoka, Sakura Onishi, Kayoko Sugino, Mitsuo Terada, Nanae Horisawa, Makiko Mori, Isao Oze, Hiroji Iwata
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that ALND (axillary lymph node dissection) can be avoided in breast cancer patients with limited SLN (sentinel lymph node) metastasis. However, these trials included only several invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) cases, and the validity of omitting ALND for ILC remains controversial. Here, we examined whether omitting ALND is feasible in ILC treatment. METHODS: A total of 3771 breast cancer patients underwent surgery for breast cancer at the Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between January 2006 and December 2015...
March 13, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
A Mukherjee, R Russell, Suet-Feung Chin, B Liu, O M Rueda, H R Ali, G Turashvili, B Mahler-Araujo, I O Ellis, S Aparicio, C Caldas, E Provenzano
The integration of genomic and transcriptomic profiles of 2000 breast tumours from the METABRIC [Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium] cohort revealed ten subtypes, termed integrative clusters (IntClust/s), characterised by distinct genomic drivers. Central histopathology ( N  = 1643) review was undertaken to explore the relationship between these ten molecular subtypes and traditional clinicopathological features. IntClust subtypes were significantly associated with histological type, tumour grade, receptor status, and lymphocytic infiltration ( p  < 0...
2018: NPJ Breast Cancer
Paul M Graham, David A Altman, Stuart R Gildenberg
A rare triad composed of lobular panniculitis in the setting of pancreatitis and polyarthritis is termed panniculitis, pancreatitis, and polyarthritis (PPP) syndrome. Pancreatic panniculitis is a rare form of subcutaneous fat necrosis associated with underlying pancreatic disease. We describe a case of PPP syndrome and review the relevant literature associated with this rare clinical syndrome. Despite numerous adjuvant therapies, definitive treatment of PPP syndrome requires correction of the underlying pancreatic disease...
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Maria F Gencoglu, Lauren E Barney, Christopher L Hall, Elizabeth A Brooks, Alyssa D Schwartz, Daniel C Corbett, Kelly R Stevens, Shelly R Peyton
Improved in vitro models are needed to better understand cancer progression and bridge the gap between in vitro proof-of-concept studies, in vivo validation, and clinical application. Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) are a popular method for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture, because they capture some aspects of the dimensionality, cell-cell contact, and cell-matrix interactions seen in vivo. Many approaches exist to create MCTS from cell lines, and they have been used to study tumor cell invasion, growth, and how cells respond to drugs in physiologically relevant 3D microenvironments...
February 12, 2018: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Yoko Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Akihide Tanimoto
The aim of this study is to investigate the changes with age on morphology and sex hormone receptor expression in the mammary glands of male Sprague-Dawley rats, focusing on male-specific cells, "oxyphilic cells", observed after sexual maturity. The mammary glands of male rats at 14, 21, 35, 50, 75 and 100 days old were examined by gross observation, microscopic observation using whole mount specimens, histological and immunohistochemical sections. Grossly, mammary glands showed brown color at 50-100 days old...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Animals
Fernando A Angarita, Sergio A Acuna, David R McCready, Jaime Escallon
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether the treatment disparity observed between young and elderly women extends to the management of positive margins after initial lumpectomy. The primary aim was to evaluate the management of positive margins after initial lumpectomy in elderly women. METHODS: Women ≥50 y who underwent lumpectomy for stage I-III tumors were identified. Tumor and treatment characteristics were collected across two subgroups: young (50-69 y) and elderly (≥70 y)...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Angel Santos Briz, Anaid Calle, Konstantinos Linos, Bruce Semans, Andrew Carlson, Omar P Sangüeza, Dieter Metze, Lorenzo Cerroni, José Luis Díaz-Recuero, Victoria Alegría-Landa, José Manuel Mascaró, Carmen Moreno, Jose Luis Rodríguez-Peralto, Luis Requena
BACKGROUND: Panniculitis occurring in dermatomyositis is uncommon, with only a few cases described in the literature, most of them as case reports. OBJECTIVE: This report describes the clinico-pathological and immunohistochemical findings in a series of 18 patients with panniculitis associated to dermatomyositis. METHODS: In each patient we collected the clinical data of the cutaneous lesions as well as the characteristic clinical and laboratory findings...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Ivy N Haskins, Julietta Chang, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Tavankit Singh, Neal Mehta, Arthur J McCullough, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases the risk of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and is also strongly correlated with extrahepatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This risk of NAFLD among obese individuals who are otherwise metabolically healthy is not well characterized. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of NAFLD in individuals with metabolically healthy obesity. SETTING: A tertiary, academic, referral hospital...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Athanasios Douskos, Aris Giannos, Sofoklis Stavrou, Maria Sotiropoulou, Eleni Feida, Constantine Dimitrakakis, Peter Drakakis, Alexandros Rodolakis
INTRODUCTION: Lobular breast carcinoma includes lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) and invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). The association of LCIS with total metastatic lobular breast cancer is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a totally metastatic lobular breast cancer in an asymptomatic 64-year-old postmenopausal woman, with no suspicious microcalcifications in mammography. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, infracolic omentectomy and appendectomy was performed along with a quadrantectomy of the upper outer quadrant of left breast, and systematic isolateral lymphadenectomy of the left axilla...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Purnima Vadla, Sankeerthana Pathipaka, Jayakiran Madala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda
Polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) is a distinctive salivary gland neoplasm that predominantly occurs in the minor salivary glands. The tumor is characterized by cytological uniformity, morphological diversity, an infiltrative growth pattern and low metastatic potential. It presents as an asymptomatic, slow- growing mass within the oral cavity. This salivary gland tumor is difficult to diagnose both clinically and histopathologically due to its indolent presentation and diverse architectural pattern which includes various microscopic patterns namely- solid, ductal-tubular, cribriform, trabecular and single-file growth...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Amina Khadjavi, Ilaria Stura, Mauro Prato, Valerio Giacomo Minero, Alice Panariti, Ilaria Rivolta, Giulia Rossana Gulino, Federica Bessone, Giuliana Giribaldi, Elena Quaglino, Roberta Cavalli, Federica Cavallo, Caterina Guiot
PURPOSE: Chitosan-shelled/decafluoropentane-cored oxygen-loaded nanodroplets (OLN) are a new class of nanodevices to effectively deliver anti-cancer drugs to tumoral cells. This study investigated their antitumoral effects 'per se', using a mathematical model validated on experimental data. METHODS: OLN were prepared and characterized either in vitro or in vivo. TUBO cells, established from a lobular carcinoma of a BALB-neuT mouse, were investigated following 48 h of incubation in the absence/presence of different concentrations of OLN...
February 26, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Tamera J Lillemoe, Michaela L Tsai, Karen K Swenson, Barbara Susnik, Janet Krueger, Kendra Harris, Natasha Rueth, Erin Grimm, Joseph W Leach
Clinical management of microinvasive breast cancer (Tmic) remains controversial. Although metastases are infrequent in Tmic carcinoma patients, surgical treatment typically includes lymph node sampling. The objective of this study was to determine the rate and predictors of lymph node metastases, recurrence, and survival in a large series of Tmic breast carcinomas. Consecutive cases of Tmic were identified within our health care system from 2001 to 2015. We reviewed results of lymph node sampling and other pathologic factors including hormone receptor/HER2 status, associated in situ tumor size/grade, margin status, number of invasive foci, surgical/adjuvant therapies, and recurrence/survival outcomes...
February 24, 2018: Breast Journal
Piotr Rhone, Barbara Ruszkowska-Ciastek, Kornel Bielawski, Alen Brkic, Elżbieta Zarychta, Barbara Góralczyk, Krzysztof Roszkowski, Danuta Rość
Introduction : Thrombosis is a one of the leading cause of mortality in cancer patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the concentrations and activities of selected haemostatic parameters in the plasma of patients diagnosed with breast cancer and to make an attempt at finding associations with there levels and selected clinicopathological factors; clinical classification, histological grading, and molecular subtype of breast cancer. Methods: The study involved 145 Caucasian ethnicity women. Eighty-five women aged 45-66 with primary breast cancer without distant metastases (M0)...
February 23, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Hannah Oh, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Roni T Falk, Hisani N Horne, Jackie Xiang, Michael Pollak, Louise A Brinton, Anna Maria V Storniolo, Mark E Sherman, Gretchen L Gierach, Jonine D Figueroa
Lesser degrees of terminal duct lobular unit (TDLU) involution, as reflected by higher numbers of TDLUs and acini/TDLU, are associated with elevated breast cancer risk. In rodent models, the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system regulates involution of the mammary gland. We examined associations of circulating IGF measures with TDLU involution in normal breast tissues among women without precancerous lesions. Among 715 Caucasian and 283 African American (AA) women who donated normal breast tissue samples to the Komen Tissue Bank between 2009 to 2012 (75% premenopausal), serum concentrations of IGF-I and binding protein (IGFBP)-3 were quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Michela Candelma, Luisa Dalla Valle, Sabrina Colella, Alberto Santojanni, Oliana Carnevali
Teleosts have many spawning strategies and the hormonal control of gametogenesis is not well defined among the species or even, between sexes. To increase the knowledge of gonadotropin hormones, we studied the trend by gene expression of gonadotropin receptors in the follicles and testis at different maturity stages in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), a multiple-spawning species. With this aim, fshr and lhr were sequenced, characterized, and their gene expression was quantified in oocytes and in testes at different maturity stages...
February 23, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"