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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783899/the-effect-of-tai-chi-training-on-the-dual-tasking-performance-of-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Wing Nga Chan, William Wai-Nam Tsang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Tai Chi training with conventional exercise on dual-tasking performance among stroke survivors. DESIGN: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Community-dwelling stroke survivors. SETTING: Community centers and university. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects in the Tai Chi group and the conventional exercise group were trained with the corresponding exercises for 12 weeks (1 hour/session, 2/week)...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781725/the-effects-of-an-expanded-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-model-on-the-improvement-of-cognitive-ability-of-elderly-with-mild-stage-dementia-living-in-a-community-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#2
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok, Florence Ho, Daphne Cheng, Vivan Mak, Andrew Lau
OBJECTIVE: This research study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an expanded cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) model that combines a CST group and tai chi on improving the cognitive ability of community-dwelling Chinese elderly with mild stage dementia (EwMD). METHOD: A randomized waitlist controlled trial design was adopted in this study. The treatment group participated in a structured CST group followed by tai chi twice a week, with a total of 14 sessions throughout the study period...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778748/protein-kinases-are-involved-in-the-cardioprotective-effects-activated-by-platelet-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitor-tirofiban-at-reperfusion-in-rats-in-vivo
#3
Shih-Tai Chang, Ya-Ting Yang, Chi-Ming Chu, Kuo-Li Pan, Jen-Te Hsu, Ju-Feng Hsiao, Yu-Sheng Lin, Chang-Min Chung
The thrombolytic effect of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors) in myocardial infarction has been well established. Nevertheless, data on the mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in ischemic-reperfusion injury (IR) are lacking. Sprague-Dawley rats received 120min of coronary ischemia and 180min of reperfusion. A GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor was given via continuous intravenous infusion at a rate of 2 ug/kg/min 30min prior to reperfusion with/without inhibitors of PKCε (chelerythrine), PI3 kinase and Akt (wortmannin), p38 MAPK (SB203582), p42/44 MAPK (PD98059) and ERK1/2 (u0126) 15min prior to the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778251/the-impact-of-group-based-tai-chi-on-health-status-outcomes-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-hypertension
#4
Chunhua Ma, Wei Zhou, Qiubo Tang, Shuling Huang
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of group-based Tai chi on health-status outcomes among older adults with hypertension. BACKGROUND: A high-quality study exploring the effects of Tai chi on physical and psychosocial health for older adults with hypertension is needed in China. The long-term effects of group-based Tai chi in Chinese older adults with hypertension remain unclear. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The group-based Tai chi training and practice were implemented in older adults over six-month...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776720/phylogenetic-analyses-of-bradyrhizobium-symbionts-associated-with-invasive-crotalaria-zanzibarica-and-its-coexisting-legumes-in-taiwan
#5
Cheng-Tai Huang, Kuan-Ting Hish, Chun-Neng Wang, Chi-Te Liu, Wen-Yuan Kao
In this study, the genetic diversity and identification of Bradyrhizobium symbionts of Crotalaria zanzibarica, the most widely-distributed invasive legume in Taiwan, and other sympatric legume species growing along riverbanks of Taiwan were evaluated for the first time. In total, 59 and 54 Bradyrhizobium isolates were obtained from C. zanzibarica and its coexisting legume species, respectively. Based on the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of concatenated four housekeeping genes (dnaK-glnII-recA-rpoB gene sequences, 1901bp), the 113 isolates displayed 53 unique haplotypes and grouped into 21 clades...
May 7, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770625/risks-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-3-or-invasive-cancers-in-ascus-women-with-different-management-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Yi Jou Tai, Yun Yuan Chen, Huang Cheng Hsu, Chun Ju Chiang, San Lin You, Chi An Chen, Wen Fang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the progression risk of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) with different clinical managements. METHODS: Women with their first diagnosis of ASCUS cytology were retrieved from the national cervical cancer screening database and linked to the national health insurance research database to identify the management of these women. The incidences of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and invasive cervical cancer (CIN3+) were calculated, and the hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765313/can-tai-chi-and-qigong-postures-shape-our-mood-toward-an-embodied-cognition-framework-for-mind-body-research
#7
Kamila Osypiuk, Evan Thompson, Peter M Wayne
Dynamic and static body postures are a defining characteristic of mind-body practices such as Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ). A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that TCQ may be beneficial for psychological health, including management and prevention of depression and anxiety. Although a variety of causal factors have been identified as potential mediators of such health benefits, physical posture, despite its visible prominence, has been largely overlooked. We hypothesize that body posture while standing and/or moving may be a key therapeutic element mediating the influence of TCQ on psychological health...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#8
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749060/visual-processing-as-a-potential-endophenotype-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-sibling-study-design-using-the-counting-stroop-functional-mri
#9
Li-Ying Fan, Chi-Yung Shang, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Tai-Li Chou
Deficits in inhibitory control and visual processing are common in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but little is known about endophenotypes for unaffected siblings of youths with ADHD. This study aimed to investigate the potential endophenotypes of brain activation and performance in inhibitory control and visual processing among ADHD probands, their unaffected siblings, and neurotypical youths. We assessed 27 ADHD probands, 27 unaffected siblings, and 27 age-, gender-, and IQ-matched neurotypical youths using the counting Stroop functional magnetic resonance imaging and two tasks of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB): rapid visual information processing (RVP) for inhibitory control and spatial span (SSP) for visual processing...
May 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737198/does-tai-chi-improve-balance-and-reduce-falls-incidence-in-neurological-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Stanley John Winser, William Wn Tsang, Karthikeyan Krishnamurthy, Priya Kannan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Tai Chi on balance and reducing falls incidence in neurological disorders. DATA SOURCES: AMED, Embase, Web of Science, SCOPUS, EBSCO and Medline from inception until February 2018. REVIEW METHOD: Randomized controlled trials of Tai Chi compared with active or no treatment control, measuring balance with the Berg Balance Scale or the Timed Up and Go Test and number of falls in neurological disorders were included...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736553/effects-of-tai-chi-on-balance-and-gait-in-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Gai Yan Li, Wei Wang, Gong Liang Liu, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tai chi on balance and gait in stroke survivors. METHODS: A systematic meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the effects of tai chi on balance and gait in stroke survivors. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials, with a total of 346 patients, were included in the meta-analysis. All of these studies had a high bias based on the Cochrane Collaboration recommendation, and a relatively small sample size...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#12
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734709/active-ottumwa-adapting-evidence-based-recommendations-to-promote-physical-activity-in-a-micropolitan-new-destination-community
#13
Barbara Baquero, Christine M Kava, Sato Ashida, Jason Daniel-Ulloa, Helena H Laroche, Heidi Haines, Rebecca Bucklin, Adriana Maldonado, Mayra Coronado Garcia, Sandy Berto, Dan Sewell, Nicole Novak, Kathleen Janz, Claudia Gates, Edith A Parker
Background : Evidence-based interventions have been developed and tested to promote physical activity, but fewer studies have focused on identifying effective intervention strategies for mid-size rural communities, especially new immigrant destinations. We report here on the design and implementation of Active Ottumwa, a community-wide intervention using a lay health advisor approach to increase physical activity in a micropolitan new destination community in the rural state of Iowa. Methods : The Active Ottumwa study is part of a community-academic partnership in Ottumwa, IA...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732534/epigenetic-loss-of-heparan-sulfate-3-o-sulfation-sensitizes-ovarian-carcinoma-to-oncogenic-signals-and-predicts-prognosis
#14
Rui-Lan Huang, Hsiang-Ju Chen, Lin-Yu Chen, Tai-Kuang Chao, Wei-Yu Lin, Phui-Ly Liew, Po-Hsuan Su, Yu-Chun Weng, Yu-Chi Wang, Chi-Chun Liao, Yaw-Wen Hsu, Hui- Chen Wang, Hung-Cheng Lai
Precision medicine requires markers for therapeutic guidance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) epigenetics can lead to the identification of biomarkers for precision medicine. Through integrative methylomics, we discovered and validated the epigenetic signature of NEFH and HS3ST2 as an independent prognostic factor for type II EOC in our dataset (n = 84), two independent methylomics datasets (total n = 467). Integrated transcriptomics dataset (n = 1147) and tissue microarrays (n = 54) of HS3ST2 also related to high-methylation statuses and the EOC prognosis...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722923/enriched-environment-and-effects-on-neuropathic-pain-experimental-findings-and-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
Lydia Wai Tai, Sung Ching Yeung, Chi Wai Cheung
Neuropathic pain inflicts tremendous biopsychosocial suffering for patients worldwide. However, safe and effective treatment of neuropathic pain is a prominent unmet clinical need. Environmental enrichment (EE) is an emerging cost-effective non-pharmacological approach to alleviate neuropathic pain and complement rehabilitation care. We present here a review of preclinical studies in ascertaining the efficacy of EE for neuropathic pain. Their proposed mechanisms, including the suppression of ascending nociceptive signaling to the brain, enhancement of descending inhibitory system and neuroprotection of the peripheral and central nervous systems, may collectively reduce pain perception and improve somatic and emotional functioning in neuropathic pain...
May 3, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721768/altered-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-cognitive-control-network-in-fibromyalgia-and-the-modulation-effect-of-mind-body-intervention
#16
Jian Kong, Emily Wolcott, Zengjian Wang, Kristen Jorgenson, William F Harvey, Jing Tao, Ramel Rones, Chenchen Wang
This study examines altered resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the cognitive control network (CCN) in fibromyalgia patients as compared to healthy controls, as well as how an effective mind-body intervention, Tai Chi, can modulate the altered rsFC of the CCN. Patients with fibromyalgia and matched healthy subjects were recruited in this study. Fibromyalgia patients were scanned 12 weeks before and after intervention. The bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was used as a seed to explore the rsFC of the CCN...
May 2, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720936/the-effects-of-tai-chi-intervention-on-healthy-elderly-by-means-of-neuroimaging-and-eeg-a-systematic-review
#17
Zhujun Pan, Xiwen Su, Qun Fang, Lijuan Hou, Younghan Lee, Chih C Chen, John Lamberth, Mi-Lyang Kim
Aging is a process associated with a decline in cognitive and motor functions, which can be attributed to neurological changes in the brain. Tai Chi, a multimodal mind-body exercise, can be practiced by people across all ages. Previous research identified effects of Tai Chi practice on delaying cognitive and motor degeneration. Benefits in behavioral performance included improved fine and gross motor skills, postural control, muscle strength, and so forth. Neural plasticity remained in the aging brain implies that Tai Chi-associated benefits may not be limited to the behavioral level...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718133/patterns-and-perceived-benefits-of-utilizing-seven-major-complementary-health-approaches-in-u-s-older-adults
#18
Taeho Greg Rhee, Richard A Marottoli, Peter H Van Ness, Mary E Tinetti
Objectives: To examine patterns and perceived benefits of seven major complementary health approaches (CHA) among older adults in the U.S. Methods: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), which represents non-institutionalized adults ages 65 or older (n=7,116 unweighted), were used. We elicited seven most common CHA used in older adults, which are: acupuncture, herbal therapies, chiropractic, massage, meditation, Tai Chi, and yoga. Survey participants were asked to self-report perceived benefits (e...
April 28, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713157/effectiveness-of-meditative-movement-on-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Lu-Ling Wu, Zheng-Kun Lin, Hui-Dan Weng, Qiao-Fang Qi, Jun Lu, Kai-Xiong Liu
Background: The effectiveness of meditative movement (tai chi, yoga, and qigong) on COPD remained unclear. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of meditative movement on COPD patients. Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies. The methods of standard meta-analysis were utilized for identifying relevant researches (until August 2017), quality appraisal, and synthesis...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703844/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Natalie R van Zuydam, Emma Ahlqvist, Niina Sandholm, Harshal Deshmukh, N William Rayner, Moustafa Abdalla, Claes Ladenvall, Daniel Ziemek, Eric Fauman, Neil R Robertson, Paul M McKeigue, Erkka Valo, Carol Forsblom, Valma Harjutsalo, Annalisa Perna, Erica Rurali, M Loredana Marcovecchio, Robert P Igo, Rany M Salem, Norberto Perico, Maria Lajer, Annemari Käräjämäki, Minako Imamura, Michiaki Kubo, Atsushi Takahashi, Xueling Sim, Jianjun Liu, Rob M van Dam, Guozhi Jiang, Claudia H T Tam, Andrea O Y Luk, Heung Man Lee, Cadmon K P Lim, Cheuk Chun Szeto, Wing Yee So, Juliana C N Chan, Su Fen Ang, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Ling Wang, Tan Si Hua Clara, Amy-Jayne McKnight, Seamus Duffy, Marcus G Pezzolesi, Genie Consortium, Michel Marre, Beata Gyorgy, Samy Hadjadj, Linda T Hiraki, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Peter Almgren, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Marju Orho-Melander, Allan Linneberg, Cramer Christensen, Daniel R Witte, Niels Grarup, Ivan Brandslund, Olle Melander, Andrew D Paterson, David Tregouet, Alexander P Maxwell, Su Chi Lim, Ronald C W Ma, E Shyong Tai, Shiro Maeda, Valeriya Lyssenko, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Andrzej S Krolewski, Stephen S Rich, Joel N Hirschhorn, Jose C Florez, David Dunger, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Peter Rossing, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Mary Julia Brosnan, Colin N A Palmer, Per-Henrik Groop, Helen M Colhoun, Leif C Groop, Mark I McCarthy
Identification of sequence variants robustly associated with predisposition to diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has the potential to provide insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms responsible. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of DKD in type 2 diabetes (T2D) using eight complementary dichotomous and quantitative DKD phenotypes: the principal dichotomous analysis involved 5,717 T2D subjects, 3,345 with DKD. Promising association signals were evaluated in up to 26,827 subjects with T2D (12,710 with DKD)...
April 27, 2018: Diabetes
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