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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230631/aerobic-exercise-and-its-effects-on-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#1
Peter Falkai, Berend Malchow, Andrea Schmitt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder with incomplete remission because of negative and cognitive symptoms in a large proportion of patients. Antipsychotic medication is successful in modulating positive symptoms, but only to a lower extent negative symptoms including cognitive dysfunction. Therefore, development of innovative add-on treatment is highly needed. In this review, recent evidence from clinical studies reveals effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive deficits in schizophrenia patients...
February 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218000/chemical-constituents-and-anti-inflammatory-principles-from-the-fruits-of-forsythia-suspensa
#2
Ping-Chung Kuo, Hsin-Yi Hung, Chi-Wei Nian, Tsong-Long Hwang, Ju-Chien Cheng, Daih-Huang Kuo, E-Jian Lee, Shih-Huang Tai, Tian-Shung Wu
Fifty compounds were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa, including 13 new compounds characterized as eight new diterpenoids (1-8), three new lignans (9-11), a new iridoid (12), and a new triterpenoid (13). Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric analysis. Most of the isolated compounds were examined for their anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. The results showed that several compounds displayed significant inhibition of fMLP/CB-induced superoxide anion generation and elastase release, with IC50 values ranging from 0...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215394/revision-using-totally-hand-sewn-gastrojejunostomy-and-truncal-vagotomy-for-refractory-marginal-ulcer-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-case-series
#3
Po-Chih Chang, Chih-Kun Huang, Chi-Ming Tai, Ivy Ya-Wei Huang, Ming-Che Hsin, Chao-Ming Hung
BACKGROUND: Marginal ulcer (MU) is not infrequent after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Medication plus lifestyle modification remains the mainstay solution. Patients with refractory MU may be candidates for revisional surgery. OBJECTIVE: To summarize our experience of revisional surgery for treating refractory MU after LRYGB. SETTING: University hospital, Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 11 patients with refractory MU undergoing totally hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy and truncal vagotomy at our institution between August 2005 and May 2015...
October 4, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210067/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-waist-circumference-and-blood-pressure-in-the-elderly
#4
Young Mee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi on waist circumference and blood pressure in the elderly. The present study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-eight elderly individuals residing in J city were divided into 2 groups: 34 in the experimental group, who received Tai Chi training for 6 weeks, and 34 in the control group, who did not receive Tai Chi training. Simplified Yang style 24-form Tai Chi was used as the intervention, which was conducted for 60 minutes per session, 5 sessions per week, for a total of 6 weeks...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209200/roles-of-preoperative-c-reactive-protein-are-more-relevant-in-buccal-cancer-than-other-subsites
#5
Shiao Fwu Tai, Huei-Tzu Chien, Chi-Kuang Young, Chung-Kang Tsao, Alba de Pablo, Kang-Hsing Fan, Chun-Ta Liao, Hung-Ming Wang, Chung-Jan Kang, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Shiang-Fu Huang
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an early marker for inflammation, and a relationship between serum CRP levels and survival in oral cancer has been demonstrated previously. In this study, we investigated the roles of CRP in different oral cancer subsites. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-three oral squamous cell carcinoma patients between June 1999 and March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Serum CRP levels were measured preoperatively. RESULTS: The elevation of CRP levels (≥5...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205526/association-evidence-of-ccttt-repeat-polymorphism-in-the-inos-promoter-and-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-taiwanese
#6
Lung-An Hsu, Yung-Hsin Yeh, Wei-Jan Chen, Chi-Tai Kuo, Feng-Chun Tsai, Yi-Hsin Chan, Chun-Li Wang, Chi-Jen Chang, Hsin-Yi Tsai
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The iNOS promoter has a CCTTT-repeat length polymorphism that can determine the level of gene transcription. This study enrolled 200 AF patients and 240 controls. The length of CCTTT-repeat polymorphism in the iNOS promoter region was examined by polymerase chain reactions, with the alleles with ≤11 repeats designated as S and alleles with ≥12 repeats designated as L alleles. AF patients carried significantly higher frequencies of the LL genotype than control subjects (40...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199267/organizational-and-community-factors-associated-with-magnet-status-of-u-s-hospitals
#7
Teresa Wai Chi Tai, Sherry I Bame
The Magnet Recognition Program for healthcare organizations promotes excellence in nursing services and professional practices. However, organizational and community characteristics that contribute to the adoption of Magnet status remain unexplained. Investigating organizational and community factors will help determine systematic structural and contextual dimensions of Magnet hospitals previously shown to be more cost-effective in comparison with non-Magnet hospitals. Using the baseline 2005 database of all Magnet hospitals in the United States, the authors selected a matched sample to determine key organizational and community characteristics associated with Magnet adoption while controlling for regional and local factors...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#8
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#9
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186925/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-methodology-and-quality-of-evidence-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-traditional-chinese-medical-nursing-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#10
Ying-Hui Jin, Guo-Hao Wang, Yi-Rong Sun, Qi Li, Chen Zhao, Ge Li, Jin-Hua Si, Yan Li, Cui Lu, Hong-Cai Shang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and quality of evidence of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of traditional Chinese medical nursing (TCMN) interventions in Chinese journals. These interventions include acupressure, massage, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, electroacupuncture and use of Chinese herbal medicines-for example, in enemas, foot massage and compressing the umbilicus. DESIGN: A systematic literature search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TCMN interventions was performed...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185076/prebiotic-effects-of-bovine-lactoferrin-on-specific-probiotic-bacteria
#11
Po-Wen Chen, Zhen-Shu Liu, Tai-Chen Kuo, Min-Chi Hsieh, Zhe-Wei Li
Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is a natural iron-binding protein and it has been suggested to be a prebiotic agent, but this finding remains inconclusive. This study explores the prebiotic potential of bLf in 14 probiotics. Initially, bLf (1-32 mg/mL) treatment showed occasional and slight prebiotic activity in several probiotics only during the late experimental period (48, 78 h) at 37 °C. We subsequently supposed that bLf exerts stronger prebiotic effects when probiotic growth has been temperately retarded...
February 9, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183188/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-one-introduction-and-mind-body-exercise-programs
#12
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective mind-body exercise programs and provide clinicians and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning non-traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with mind-body exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182629/tai-chi-for-health-benefits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#13
Liye Zou, Huiru Wang, ZhongJun Xiao, Qun Fang, Mark Zhang, Ting Li, Geng Du, Yang Liu
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness and safety of Tai chi, which is critical to provide guidelines for clinicians to improve symptomatic management in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). After performing electronic and manual searches of many sources, ten relevant peer-reviewed studies that met the inclusion criteria were retrieved. The existing evidence supports the effectiveness of Tai chi on improving quality of life (QOL) and functional balance in MS patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174463/preliminary-validation-of-an-exercise-program-suitable-for-pregnant-women-with-abnormal-glucose-metabolism-inhibitory-effects-of-tai-chi-yuttari-exercise-on-plasma-glucose-elevation
#14
Sachina Yamamoto, Kyoko Kagawa, Naohi Hori, Yoshiteru Akezaki, Kohei Mori, Takuo Nomura
[Purpose] There is insufficient evidence related to exercise programs that are safe and efficacious for pregnant women with abnormal glucose metabolism. Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise is an exercise program with validated safety and efficacy in improving physical function in the elderly. In this study, we investigated this program's inhibitory effects on plasma glucose elevation when it was adapted to a pregnancy model. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve 18- to 19-year-old females without a history of pregnancy were randomly assorted into two groups: an intervention group, for which six subjects were outfitted with mock-pregnancy suits and asked to perform Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise, and a control group who did not perform exercise...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169310/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-practice-modulates-functional-connectivity-of-the-cognitive-control-network-in-older-adults
#15
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Natalia Egorova, Jiao Liu, Xiehua Xue, Qin Wang, Guohua Zheng, Moyi Li, Wenjun Hong, Sharon Sun, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Cognitive impairment is one of the most common problem saffecting older adults. In this study, we investigated whether Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin practice can modulate mental control functionand the resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the cognitive control network in older adults. Participants in the two exercise groups practiced either Tai Chi Chuan or Baduanjin for 12 weeks, and those in the control group received basic health education. Memory tests and fMRI scans were conducted at baseline and at the end of the study...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167744/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-tai-chi-for-preventing-falls-in-older-adults
#16
Zhi-Guan Huang, Yun-Hui Feng, Yu-He Li, Chang-Sheng Lv
OBJECTIVE: It remains unclear whether Tai Chi is effective for preventing falls in older adults. We undertook this systematic review to evaluate the preventive effect of Tai Chi by updating the latest trial evidence. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to February 2016 to identify randomised trials evaluating Tai Chi for preventing falls in older adults. We evaluated the risk of bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159193/screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-assessment-of-coronary-risk
#17
Yan-Yi Cheung, Bee-Choo Tai, Germaine Loo, See-Meng Khoo, Karen Yin-Phoon Cheong, Ferran Barbe, Chi-Hang Lee
There is increasing awareness that health screening may prevent some acute coronary events. Yet, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is seldom screened for and its relation with coronary risk markers is not well established. Consecutive adults (n = 696) enrolled in a cardiovascular health screening program were approached to determine the feasibility of incorporating OSA screening. Screening included questionnaires and a home-based sleep study. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein was the primary coronary risk marker, and other laboratory- and exercise treadmill-based markers were also reported...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154608/tai-chi-yoga-and-qigong-as-mind-body-exercises
#18
EDITORIAL
Yong Tai Wang, Guoyuan Huang, Gloria Duke, Yi Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151721/dysregulation-of-rab37-mediated-cross-talk-between-cancer-cells-and-endothelial-cells-via-thrombospondin-1-promotes-tumor-neovasculature-and-metastasis
#19
Yi-Ching Wang, Hong-Tai Tzeng, Chung-Han Tsai, Yi-Ting Yen, Hung-Chi Cheng, Yi-Chieh Chen, Shih-Wen Pu, Yu-Shiuan Wang, Yan-Shen Shan, Yau-Lin Tseng, Wu-Chou Su, Wu-Wei Lai, Li-Wha Wu
PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence indicates that factors secreted by cancer epithelial cells shape the tumor microenvironment to promote cancer invasion and metastasis. Recent studies also shed light on alterations of Rab small GTPases-mediated exocytosis in tumorigenesis. However, the mechanisms for Rab-mediated exocytosis in tumor microenvironment remain elusive. We aimed to investigate the interplay between Rab37-mediated exocytosis and tumor microenvironment focusing on endothelial cells motility and angiogenesis...
November 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150266/-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pregnancy-related-sleep-disturbances
#20
Hsuan-Man Hung, Hsiao-Ching Chiang
Most women experience the worse sleep quality of their life during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Although pregnancy typically accounts for a relatively short part of a woman's life, the related sleep disturbances may have a significant and negative impact on her long-term health. Approximately 78-80% of pregnant women experience sleep disturbances, including interruptions in deep sleep, decreased total sleep time, poor subjective sleep quality, frequent night waking, and reduced sleep efficacy...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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