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Tai chi

Yone-Han Mah, Chen-Hua Liu, Chi-Ling Chen, Tai-Chung Tseng, Chun-Jen Liu, Pei-Jer Chen, Ding-Shinn Chen, Jia-Horng Kao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Clinical implications of IL28B gene in Taiwanese chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remain unknown. We thus investigated the prevalence and clinical implications of IL28B rs8099917 genotypes in CHC patients with different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 200 HCV genotype 1 patients and 200 HCV genotype 2 patients who received liver biopsy, as well as 197 healthy controls were enrolled to determine the frequencies of IL28B rs8099917 genotypes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Ching-Yu Chou, Minglee Chu, Chi-Fon Chang, Tsunai Yu, Tai-Huang Huang, Dimitris Sakellariou
Field-dependent NMR studies of bio-molecular systems using a sample shuttling hardware operating on a high-field NMR apparatus have provided valuable structural and dynamic information. We have recently published a design of a compact sample transportation device, called "field-cycler", which was installed in a commercial spectrometer and which provided highly precise positioning and stability during high speed shuttling. In this communication, we demonstrate the first use of a sample shuttling device on a commercial high field standard bore NMR spectrometer, equipped with a commercial triple resonance cryogenically cooled NMR probe...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
Chloe Y Y Cheung, Clara S Tang, Aimin Xu, Chi-Ho Lee, Ka-Wing Au, Lin Xu, Carol H Y Fong, Kelvin H M Kwok, Wing-Sun Chow, Yu-Cho Woo, Michele M A Yuen, JoJo S H Hai, Ya-Li Jin, Bernard M Y Cheung, Kathryn C B Tan, Stacey S Cherny, Feng Zhu, Tong Zhu, G Neil Thomas, Kar-Keung Cheng, Chao-Qiang Jiang, Tai-Hing Lam, Hung-Fat Tse, Pak-Chung Sham, Karen S L Lam
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified many common type 2 diabetes-associated variants, mostly at the intronic or intergenic regions. Recent advancements of exome-array genotyping platforms have opened up a novel means for detecting the associations of low-frequency or rare coding variants with type 2 diabetes. We conducted an exomechip association analysis to identify additional type 2 diabetes susceptibility variants in the Chinese population. METHODS: An exome-chip association study was conducted by genotyping 5640 Chinese individuals from Hong Kong, using a custom designed exome array, the Asian Exomechip...
October 15, 2016: Diabetologia
Chao-Ming Tseng, Wei-Chih Liao, Chi-Yang Chang, Ching-Tai Lee, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Yao-Chun Hsu, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic safety remains a concern for diabetic patients using incretin-based medications. We aimed to determine if there was an association between incretin-based therapy and an increased risk for acute pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: This retrospective population-based cohort study analyzed data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 13 171 eligible type 2 DM patients who had received incretin-based treatment for a minimum of two months were matched 1:1 for age, gender, diabetes complications severity index, and inception date with DM patients who never used this pharmacotherapy...
October 7, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Tsang-Chih Kuo, Chi-Kuan Chen, Kuo-Ti Hua, Pei Yu, Wei-Jiunn Lee, Min-Wei Chen, Yung-Ming Jeng, Ming-Hsien Chien, Kuang-Tai Kuo, Michael Hsiao, Min-Liang Kuo
Glutaminolysis that catabolizes glutamine to glutamate plays a critical role in cancer progression. Glutaminase 2 (GLS2) has been reported as a tumor suppressor. Recent studies implied that GLS2 may display its multifunction besides classical metabolic feature by different localizations and potential protein binding domains. Here, we showed that GLS2 expression correlates inversely with stage, vascular invasion, tumor size and poor prognosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. We found that GLS2 significantly represses cell migration, invasion and metastasis of HCC through downregulation of Snail in vitro and in vivo...
October 7, 2016: Cancer Letters
Elizabeth H Skinner, Tammy Dinh, Melissa Hewitt, Ross Piper, Claire Thwaites
BACKGROUND: Falls are associated with morbidity, loss of independence, and mortality. While land-based group exercise and Tai Chi programs reduce the risk of falls, aquatic therapy may allow patients to complete balance exercises with less pain and fear of falling; however, limited data exist. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to pilot the implementation of an aquatic group based on Ai Chi principles (Aquabalance) and to evaluate the safety, intervention acceptability, and intervention effect sizes...
October 6, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Chia-Hua Tai, Mei-Yu Hsu
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) provides ventilation without tracheal intubation. Facial pressure injury is a recognized complication of this technique, making the prevention of facial pressure injuries an important issue for NPPV patients. PURPOSE: The present study compared the effects of foam dressing and hydrocolloid dressing in preventing facial pressure injuries in NPPV patients. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was used to evaluate participants that were referred from the intensive care unit of a medical center in eastern Taiwan...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Aileen Wk Chan, Doris Sf Yu, K C Choi, Diana Tf Lee, Janet Wh Sit, Helen Yl Chan
PURPOSE: Age-related cognitivee decline is a growing public health concern worldwide. More than a quarter of adults with cognitive impairment experience sleep disturbance. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary effects of tai chi qigong (TCQ) on improving the night-time sleep quality of older adults with cognitive impairment. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults with cognitive impairment who complain of sleep disturbance. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with two groups...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Meng-Ju Li, Hsi-Che Liu, Hsiu-Ju Yen, Tang-Her Jaing, Dong-Tsamn Lin, Chao-Ping Yang, Kai-Hsin Lin, Iou-Jih Hung, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Meng-Yao Lu, Chih-Cheng Hsiao, Ching-Tien Peng, Tai-Tsung Chang, Shih-Chung Wang, Ming-Tsan Lin, Jiann-Shiuh Chen, Te-Kau Chang, Giun-Yi Hung, Kang-Hsi Wu, Yung-Li Yang, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Ting-Chi Yeh, Chao-Neng Cheng, Pei-Chin Lin, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Shin-Nan Cheng, Shu-Huey Chen, Yu-Hsiang Chang, Wan-Ling Ho, Yu-Hua Chao, Rong-Long Chen, Bow-Wen Chen, Jinn-Li Wang, Yuh-Lin Hsieh, Yu-Mei Liao, Shang-Hsien Yang, Wan-Hui Chang, Yu-Mei Y Chao, Der-Cherng Liang
BACKGROUND: Reinduction therapy has improved the outcomes in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We sought to determine the optimal course(s) of reinduction therapy for standard-risk (SR, or "low-risk" in other groups) patients. Also, we evaluated outcomes using triple intrathecal therapy without cranial radiation (CrRT) for central nervous system (CNS) preventive therapy. PROCEDURE: From 2002 to 2012, all newly diagnosed children with ALL in Taiwan were enrolled in Taiwan Pediatric Oncology Group ALL-2002 protocol...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Cheng-Tai Huang, Chi-Te Liu, Shiang-Jiuun Chen, Wen-Yuan Kao
Crotalaria zanzibarica is an exotic and widely distributed leguminous plant in Taiwan. The relationship between C. zanzibarica and its rhizobial symbionts has been suggested to contribute to its successful invasion. A rhizobial strain (designed as CzR2) isolated from the root nodules of C. zanzibarica and cultivated in standard YEM medium displayed pleomorphism, with cells ranging between 2 and 10 μm in length and some branching. In the present study, we identified this rhizobial strain, investigated the causes of pleomorphism, and examined the nodules formed...
September 29, 2016: Microbes and Environments
Duong-Minh Nguyen, Isabelle Laffont, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Martial arts are physical and meditative discipline available as complementary strategies able to improve functional capacity, physical performances, postural control of patients suffering from chronical diseases. They can probably slow their clinical evolution. The objective of this communication is a review of the literature about the effects of martial arts training into a said chronical disease. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature research in PubMed and Pedro databases was performed with the following keywords: martial arts, rehabilitation, chronic disease, neurologic disorders, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculo-squelettal disorders, low back pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Yan Ma, Alicia Yeung, Albert C Yang, Chung-Kang Peng, Alisabet Clain, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the effects of Tai Chi training on sleep quality (primary outcomes), and depression and social functioning levels (secondary outcomes) among patients with depression. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen depressed Chinese patients. METHODS: Participants received 1-hr Tai Chi training sessions 2 times per week for 10 weeks. Patients' subjective sleep quality ratings, objective sleep quality measurements, and depression and social functioning levels were measured before, during, and after the intervention...
September 27, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Y J Chen, H C Tai, C W Chi, Y B Chen, C Y Liu, C K Chen, C L Chiang, K Y Dai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Sheng-Tai Hsiao, Shin-Chang Chuang, Kao-Sung Chen, Ping-Ho Ho, Chi-Lun Wu, Chaolun Allen Chen
The Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is one of the major aquacultural shellfish species that has been introduced to Europe and America from its native source in the West Pacific. In Taiwan, the cultivated cupped oysters along the west coast have been identified as C. gigas for over centuries; however, several molecular phylogenetic studies have cast doubt upon the existence of this species in Taiwan and adjacent waters. Indeed, our analyses of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) sequences from 313 Crassostrea collected from 12 locations along Taiwanese and southern Chinese coastlines confirm that all samples were the Portuguese oyster, C...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tai-Tong Wong, Hsin-Hung Chen, Muh-Lii Liang, Kevin Li-Chun Hsieh, Yi-Shan Yang, Donald Ming-Tak Ho, Kai-Ping Chang, Yi-Yen Lee, Shih-Chieh Lin, Ting-Rong Hsu, Yi-Wei Chen, Sang-Hue Yen, Feng-Chi Chang, Wan-You Guo, Kuo-Wei Chen, Wei-Kang Kwang, Wu-Yu Hou, Chung-Yih Wang
BACKGROUND: Tumors with epicenter in the thalamus occur in about 4 % of pediatric brain tumors. The histological diagnosis is mainly gliomas. Among them, low-grade glioma (LGG) constituted of a significant entity of the tumors (Cuccia et al., Childs Nerv Syst 13:514-521, 1997; Puget et al., J Neurosurg 106:354-362, 2007; Bernstein et al., J Neurosurg 61:649-656, 1984; Bilginer et al., Childs Nerv Syst 30:1493-1498, 2014). Since Kelly's report in 1989, >90 % resection of thalamic tumors were achieved in reported series (Ozek and Ture, Childs Nerv Syst 18:450-6, 2002; Villarejo et al...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yi-Hsin Chan, Chi-Tai Kuo, Yung-Hsin Yeh, Shang-Hung Chang, Lung-Sheng Wu, Hsin-Fu Lee, Hui-Tzu Tu, Lai-Chu See
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant agents rivaroxaban and dabigatran are superior to warfarin for efficacy and safety outcomes in Asians with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the risk for thromboembolic events, bleeding, and mortality associated with rivaroxaban and dabigatran versus warfarin in Asians with NVAF. METHODS: A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted of consecutive patients with NVAF taking rivaroxaban (n = 3,916), dabigatran (n = 5,921), or warfarin (n = 5,251) using data collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between February 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Weidong Wang, Fang Wang, Feng Fan, Ana Cristina Sedas, Jian Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of mind-body interventions on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the Chinese population. METHOD: Drawn from Chinese databases, nine RCTs and three Q-E studies were included in the systematic review. The methodological quality of RCTs was evaluated based on the following criteria: adequate sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, completeness of outcome data, selective reporting, and other potential biases...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Wan-Qian Guo, He-Shan Zheng, Shuo Li, Juan-Shan Du, Xiao-Chi Feng, Ren-Li Yin, Qing-Lian Wu, Nan-Qi Ren, Jo-Shu Chang
The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using lipid-accumulating microalgae to remove cephalosporin antibiotics 7-amino cephalosporanic acid (7-ACA) from wastewater with the additional benefit of biofuels production. Three isolated microalgal strains (namely, Chlorella sp. Cha-01, Chlamydomonas sp. Tai-03 and Mychonastes sp. YL-02) were cultivated under 7-ACA stress and their biomass productivity, lipid production and N-NO3(-) consumption were monitored. It was found that 7-ACA had slight inhibition effects on the microalgal growth at the ratio of 12...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Wen-Dien Chang, Shuya Chen, Chia-Lun Lee, Hung-Yu Lin, Ping-Tung Lai
Purpose. To conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review examining whether Tai Chi Chuan could have mental and physical benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods. MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant studies. Data of the studies were collected, and outcomes were classified using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model. Effect sizes of the mental and physical components were determined, along with the recommendation grades of Philadelphia Panel Classification System for Tai Chi Chuan on knee osteoarthritis...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Amanda Hall, Bethan Copsey, Helen Richmond, Jacqueline Thompson, Manuela Ferreira, Jane Latimer, Chris G Maher
BACKGROUND: Tai chi is recommended for musculoskeletal conditions, however, the evidence for its clinical effectiveness is uncertain. PURPOSE: To determine whether tai chi is beneficial for clinical outcomes in people with musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases EMBASE, PEDro, AMED, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Sport Discus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials of tai chi for people with a chronic musculoskeletal condition were included...
September 15, 2016: Physical Therapy
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