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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079406/predictive-factors-of-depression-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-the-18-month-follow-up-after-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#1
Cheryl H K Chui, Mao-Sheng Ran, Rong-Hui Li, Mei Fan, Zhen Zhang, Yuan-Hao Li, Guo Jing Ou, Zhe Jiang, Yu-Zhen Tong, Ding-Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess the severity of depression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076922/evaluating-active-parental-consent-procedures-for-school-programming-addressing-the-sensitive-topic-of-suicide-prevention
#2
Christine M Wienke Totura, Krista Kutash, Christa D Labouliere, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents. Whereas school-based prevention programs are effective, obtaining active consent for youth participation in public health programming concerning sensitive topics is challenging. We explored several active consent procedures for improving participation rates. METHODS: Five active consent methods (in-person, students taking forms home, mailing, mailing preceded by primers, mailing followed by reminder calls) were compared against passive consent procedures to evaluate recruitment success, as determined by participation (proportion who responded yes) and response (proportion who returned any response) rates...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076744/modern-management-of-acne
#3
Alan J Cooper, Victoria Rebecca Harris
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit resulting from androgen-induced increased sebum production; altered keratinisation; bacterial colonisation of hair follicles on the face, neck, chest and back by Propionibacterium acnes; and an inflammatory response in the skin. The exact way these processes interact and the order in which they occur in the pathogenesis of acne are still unclear. Scarring that occurs from acne, particularly severe acne, can persist a lifetime and have long lasting psychosocial effects...
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073041/major-depressive-disorder-with-subthreshold-hypomanic-mixed-features-a-real-world-assessment-of-treatment-patterns-and-economic-burden
#4
Roger S McIntyre, Daisy Ng-Mak, Chien-Chia Chuang, Rachel Halpern, Pankaj A Patel, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: To compare outcomes for individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) with or without subthreshold hypomania (mixed features) in naturalistic settings. METHODS: Using the Optum Research Database (1/1/2009─10/31/2014), a retrospective analysis of individuals newly diagnosed with MDD was conducted. Continuous enrollment for 12-months before and after the initial MDD diagnosis was required. MDD with subthreshold hypomania (mixed features) (MDD-MF) was defined based on ≥1 hypomania diagnosis within 30 days after an MDD diagnosis during the one-year follow-up period, in the absence of bipolar I diagnoses...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068983/a-comparison-of-two-psychiatric-service-approaches-findings-from-the-consultation-vs-liaison-psychiatry-study
#5
Caroline Lücke, Jürgen M Gschossmann, Alena Schmidt, Juliane Gschossmann, Alexandra Philomena Lam, Charlotte Elizabeth Schneider, Alexandra Philipsen, Helge H Müller
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities are common in somatically ill patients. There is a lack of data that can provide clear insights into substantial comparative advantages of different Consultation/Liaison Psychiatry (CLP) services. METHODS: The Consultation versus Liaison Psychiatry-Study collected and analyzed data of 890 primarily somatically ill hospital inpatients presenting with psychiatric symptoms in a prospective observational study design. One group was treated via a liaison-model (LM) with regular consultation hours, the other via an on-demand-model (ODM) with individually requested consultations...
January 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068503/talking-about-god-with-trauma-survivors
#6
Colin A Ross
Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#7
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068461/a-new-prediction-model-for-evaluating-treatment-resistant-depression
#8
Alexander Kautzky, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Georg S Kranz, Thomas Vanicek, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Despite a broad arsenal of antidepressants, about a third of patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) do not respond sufficiently to adequate treatment. Using the data pool of the Group for the Study of Resistant Depression and machine learning, we intended to draw new insights featuring 48 clinical, sociodemographic, and psychosocial predictors for treatment outcome. METHOD: Patients were enrolled starting from January 2000 and diagnosed according to DSM-IV...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067944/intensive-case-management-for-severe-mental-illness
#9
REVIEW
Marina Dieterich, Claire B Irving, Hanna Bergman, Mariam A Khokhar, Bert Park, Max Marshall
BACKGROUND: Intensive Case Management (ICM) is a community-based package of care aiming to provide long-term care for severely mentally ill people who do not require immediate admission. Intensive Case Management evolved from two original community models of care, Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) and Case Management (CM), where ICM emphasises the importance of small caseload (fewer than 20) and high-intensity input. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of ICM as a means of caring for severely mentally ill people in the community in comparison with non-ICM (caseload greater than 20) and with standard community care...
January 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#10
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
January 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#11
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#12
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064110/clinical-use-of-hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-in-depression-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Collin Yih Xian Ho
INTRODUCTION: St John's wort is a popular herbal remedy recommended by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners and licensed and widely prescribed for depression in many European countries. However, conflicting data regarding its benefits and risks exist, and the last large meta-analysis on St John's wort use for depression was done in 2008, with no updated meta-analysis available. METHODS: Using the keywords [St John's Wort OR Hypericum perforatum OR hypericin OR hyperforin OR johanniskraut OR] AND [depression OR antidepressant OR SSRI], a preliminary search (without language restriction) on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group, Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and WanFang database yielded 5428 papers between 1-Jan-1960 and 1-May-2016...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063073/suicidal-ideation-persists-among-individuals-engaged-in-hiv-care-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
J D López, E Shacham, T Brown
Little research has focused on suicidality in the era of successful antiretroviral therapy among those engaged in HIV care. We performed a study of 648 clinic patients who completed a psychological and behavioral annual assessment in 2012. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), suicidal ideation was measured by the last item of the scale. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire (GAD-7). HIV biomedical markers were abstracted from medical records...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061921/bipolar-disorder-in-aviation-medicine
#15
Alpo Vuorio, Tanja Laukkala, Pooshan Navathe, Bruce Budowle, Robert Bor, Antti Sajantila
BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult challenges in aviation medicine is to diagnose, as early as possible, pilots with psychiatric disorders that may impair pilot performance and increase the risk of incidents and accidents. This diagnosis applies particularly to bipolar disorder (BD), where return to flying duty is not an option in the majority of cases. BD is a long-term mental disorder presenting remittent depressive, hypomanic, manic, or mixed episodes between low symptomatic or asymptomatic intermediate periods...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060979/-suicide-risk-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Arturo Roizblatt, Daniel Roizblatt, Francisca Soto-Aguilar B
Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective treatment for severe obesity and its benefits include improvement in medical comorbidities. However, a higher rate of suicides after this type of surgery has been reported. We performed a literature review on the subject, and concluded that the mentioned increase in suicide rates, compared to the general population, is probably caused by conditions that the patient had before surgery, especially psychiatric disorders such as depression or eating disorders. These are risk factors for suicide, and are more common in the population with indication for bariatric surgery...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058812/mental-distress-in-treatment-seeking-young-adults-18-25-years-with-severe-obesity-compared-with-population-controls-of-different-body-mass-index-levels-cohort-study
#17
H Dreber, S Reynisdottir, B Angelin, P Tynelius, F Rasmussen, E Hemmingsson
Young adults (18-25) with severe obesity constitute a challenging patient group, and there is limited evidence about their mental health status compared to population controls. Mental distress in treatment seeking young adults with severe obesity (n = 121, mean body mass index [BMI] = 39.8 kg m(-2) ) was compared with matched (1:3 for age, gender and socioeconomic status) population controls of normal weight (n = 363, mean BMI = 22.4 kg m(-2) ), as well as unmatched population controls with class I obesity (n = 105, mean BMI = 32...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051993/serotonergic-synergy-in-the-pharmacotherapy-of-acute-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-exacerbation-a-case-report
#18
J Gibson Pennington, Jeffrey Guina
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with acute panic, dissociation, suicidality, and aggression. However, pharmacologic interventions for such acute exacerbations are understudied. In this article, we report a case of combat-related PTSD with severe panic, suicidality, and agitation which responded favorably to a combination of ziprasidone, propranolol, and hydroxyzine. METHODS: An extensive literature search did not reveal any use of this combination, and there were few studies about each medication individually, with regard to PTSD...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050482/headache-disability-suicidality-and-pain-catastrophization-are-they-related
#19
Harshal Rathod, Dushad Ram, Harsha Sundarmurthy, Snehal Rathod, Deepa John
INTRODUCTION: Studies have found that headache is associated with suicidality. Some demographic and clinical features have been reported to be associated with suicidality. Pain catastrophizing and disability may also have bearing on suicidality in patients with headache. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between pain disability and catastrophizing in headache and suicidal behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with headache were recruited from neurology Out-Patient Department (OPD)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050179/psychopathology-of-the-general-population-referred-by-primary-care-physicians-for-urgent-assessment-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#20
Judith McLenan, Carlo Lazzari, Gail McMillan, Robert Mackie
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the type, severity and progression of psychiatric pathologies in a sample of 372 outpatients (age range 18-65 years) referred by their primary general practitioners (GPs) to an Urgent Referral Team (URT) based in a psychiatric hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. This team offers immediate appointments (1- to 7-day delays) for rapid assessments and early interventions to the outpatients referred by their primary family doctors. Method: One-sample t-test and z statistic were used for data analysis...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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