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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469667/10-year-outcome-of-suicidal-behavior-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
Prospective predictors of suicide attempts were assessed in 118 subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD) after 10 or more years of follow-up. Mean (SD) time to follow-up was 14.4 (4.7) years. Subjects were predominately female (78.8%), Caucasian (81.4%), and of lower socioeconomic status. Initial recruitment was evenly balanced between inpatient, outpatient, and non-patient (community) sources. In the 10-year interval, 55 subjects (46.6%) attempted suicide. Compared to baseline, suicidal ideation, number of attempts, and non-suicidal self-injury diminished markedly...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468940/phone-coaching-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-frequency-and-relationship-to-client-variables
#2
Pedro N Oliveira, Shireen L Rizvi
Telephone coaching is a treatment mode in Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) that is designed to help clients generalize skills, prevent suicidal behaviors, and repair therapeutic ruptures. To date, phone coaching has received scant empirical investigation. The aims of this study were to (1) describe patterns in frequency of telephone calls and text messaging in DBT and (2) investigate whether demographic factors, baseline severity, suicidal behaviors, and therapeutic alliance are associated with phone and text frequency...
February 22, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468664/adverse-mental-health-outcomes-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#3
Paul C Nathan, Alex Nachman, Rinku Sutradhar, Paul Kurdyak, Jason D Pole, Cindy Lau, Sumit Gupta
BACKGROUND: The elevated risk for physical late effects in childhood cancer survivors (CCS) is well documented, but their risk for mental health problems is less well described. METHODS: The authors assembled a cohort of all 5-year CCS who were diagnosed before age 18 years and treated in an Ontario pediatric cancer center between 1987 and 2008. Patients were matched to population controls and linked to health administration databases. The authors calculated rates of mental health care visits (family physician, psychiatrist, emergency department, hospitalization) and the risk for a severe mental health event (emergency department, hospitalization, suicide)...
February 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468414/-severe-caffeine-poisoning-with-rhabdomyolysis
#4
J Wolter, D Grün, S Otto
We report the case of a young man who took a large amount of caffeine powder dissolved in water in a suicide attempt. He was found comatose. The initial diagnosis was difficult. In hospital he suffered from rhabdomyolysis with renal failure and sepsis rapidly developed. After renal replacement treatment with hemodialysis, long-term artificial ventilation with tracheotomy and a 3‑week stay in the intensive care unit, the patient could be discharged to a rehabilitation center.
February 21, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461935/menstrual-cycle-effects-on-mental-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#5
Daisung Jang, Hillary Anger Elfenbein
OBJECTIVES: The premenstrual phase of cycle has long been associated with a constellation of health symptoms for women. However, there has been no recent quantitative review of severe mental health outcomes as a function of the menstrual cycle. We examine cycle influences on completed suicides, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and psychiatric admissions, and contrast these with non-suicide deaths. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 32 papers, with an N of 3,791...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461153/the-role-of-masculinity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-predicting-suicidal-ideation-in-homeless-men
#6
Matthew C Genuchi
OBJECTIVES: Men's suicide rates may be influenced by difficulties recognizing externalizing depressive symptoms in men that adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of externalizing depressive symptoms, internalizing depressive symptoms, and hegemonic masculinity in predicting the existence and severity of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Homeless men (n = 94) completed questionnaires at a resource center in the Rocky Mountain West US...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455144/evaluation-of-childhood-trauma-with-respect-to-criminal-behavior-dissociative-experiences-adverse-family-experiences-and-psychiatric-backgrounds-among-prison-inmates
#7
Merih Altintas, Mustafa Bilici
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate childhood trauma in relation to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates. METHODS: In total, 200 prison inmates were included in this questionnaire-based study. Data on demographic characteristics, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds were collected via face-to-face interviews, and a psychometric evaluation was conducted using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454980/cumulative-incidence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-adults-living-in-temporary-housing-during-the-three-years-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#8
Qingyi Xu, Maiko Fukasawa, Norito Kawakami, Toshiaki Baba, Kiyomi Sakata, Ruriko Suzuki, Hiroaki Tomita, Harumi Nemoto, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Maki Umeda, Yuriko Suzuki, Haruki Shimoda, Hisateru Tachimori, Tadashi Takeshima, Evelyn J Bromet
BACKGROUND: The effect of disasters on suicidality is not known. We aimed to retrospectively determine the cumulative incidence of suicidal ideation during the 3 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake among residents in temporary housing without prior suicidal ideation, as compared to the general population. Moreover, we aimed to identify the risk factors for the onset of suicidal ideation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey involving face-to-face interviews was conducted 3 years after the earthquake with adult community residents in disaster-affected areas and a control area using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454180/tryptophan-kynurenine-and-lipid-related-metabolites-as-blood-biomarkers-for-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-an-exploratory-pilot-case-control-study
#9
Nobuki Kuwano, Takahiro A Kato, Daiki Setoyama, Mina Sato-Kasai, Norihiro Shimokawa, Kohei Hayakawa, Masahiro Ohgidani, Noriaki Sagata, Hiroaki Kubo, Junji Kishimoto, Dongchon Kang, Shigenob Kanba
BACKGROUND: Early intervention in depression has been critical to prevent its negative impact including suicide. Recent blood biomarker studies for major depressive disorder (MDD) have suggested that tryptophan-kynurenine and lipid related metabolites are involved in the pathophysiology of MDD. However, there have been limited studies investigating these blood biomarkers in first-episode drug-naïve MDD, which are particularly important for early intervention in depression. METHODS: As an exploratory pilot case-control study, we examined the above blood biomarkers, and analyzed how these biomarkers are associated with clinical variables in first-episode drug-naïve MDD patients, based on metabolome/lipidome analysis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453036/identifying-the-relative-importance-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-features-in-classifying-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-behavior-using-exploratory-data-mining
#10
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451340/therapeutic-neural-stem-cells-engineered-during-different-stages-of-reprogramming-reveal-varying-therapeutic-efficacies
#11
Deepak Bhere, Rajiv Kumar Khajuria, William T Hendriks, Antara Bandyopadhyay, Tugba Bagci-Onder, Khalid Shah
Stem cells are emerging as promising treatment strategies for several brain disorders and pathologies including brain tumors. In this study, we explored the potential of creating induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived therapeutic NSCs (ipNSC) by using either unmodified or gene-modified somatic cells and tested their fate and therapeutic efficacies in vitro and in vivo. We show that cells engineered in somatic state lose transgene-expression during the neural induction process, which is partially restored by HDAC inhibitor (i) treatment whereas cells engineered at the ipNSC state have sustained expression of transgenes...
February 16, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451111/-in-and-out-of-hospital-emergency-psychiatry-what-is-the-best-approach
#12
J J Luykx, J K Tijdink, W Tempelaar, C H Vinkers, L de Witte
A range of clinical syndromes may present with psychiatric symptoms, both in and out of hospital settings. In such situations agitation, suicidality, communication difficulties and legal aspects often play a role, making diagnosis and treatment a challenge. Based on several case studies, we illustrate how the recently-published Dutch open access source 'Acute Psychiatry' (www.acutepsychiatrie.com) can be of help in acute psychiatric presentations both within and outside psychiatric hospitals.
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450462/epidemiology-of-adult-dsm-5-major-depressive-disorder-and-its-specifiers-in-the-united-states
#13
Deborah S Hasin, Aaron L Sarvet, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, Malka Stohl, Bridget F Grant
Importance: No US national data are available on the prevalence and correlates of DSM-5-defined major depressive disorder (MDD) or on MDD specifiers as defined in DSM-5. Objective: To present current nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, functioning, and treatment of DSM-5 MDD and initial information on the prevalence, severity, and treatment of DSM-5 MDD severity, anxious/distressed specifier, and mixed-features specifier, as well as cases that would have been characterized as bereavement in DSM-IV...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448136/improving-functional-outcomes-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-ptsd-by-changing-ptsd-severity-and-post-traumatic-cognitions
#14
Melanie S Harned, Chelsey R Wilks, Sara C Schmidt, Trevor N Coyle
Although functional impairment typically improves during evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for borderline personality disorder (BPD), functional levels often remain suboptimal after treatment. The present pilot study evaluated whether and how integrating PTSD treatment into an EBP for BPD would improve functional outcomes. Participants were 26 women with BPD, PTSD, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behavior who were randomized to receive one year of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or DBT with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD...
February 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447300/explaining-suicide-attempt-with-personality-traits-of-aggression-and-impulsivity-in-a-high-risk-tribal-population-of-india
#15
Piyoosh Kumar Singh, V R Rao
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a spectrum of behavior including suicide ideation and suicidal attempt and is undoubtedly the outcome of the interaction of several factors. The role of two main constructs of human nature, aggression and impulsivity, has been discussed broadly in relation to suicide, as endophenotypes or traits of personality, in research and in clinical practice across diagnoses. The objective of our study was to assess impulsive and aggressive behaviors among primitive people of the Idu Mishmi tribe, who are known for high suicide completer and attempter rates...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444769/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-self-help-program-for-suicidal-thinking-in-an-australian-community-sample-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Bregje Aj van Spijker, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Philip J Batterham, Andrew Mackinnon, Alison L Calear, John A Gosling, Julia Reynolds, Ad Jfm Kerkhof, Daniela Solomon, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Treatment for suicidality can be delivered online, but evidence for its effectiveness is needed. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study was to examine the effectiveness of an online self-help intervention for suicidal thinking compared to an attention-matched control program. METHODS: A 2-arm randomized controlled trial was conducted with assessment at postintervention, 6, and, 12 months. Through media and community advertizing, 418 suicidal adults were recruited to an online portal and were delivered the intervention program (Living with Deadly Thoughts) or a control program (Living Well)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442231/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-school-based-suicide-prevention-programmes
#17
Susan Ahern, Lee-Ann Burke, Brendan McElroy, Paul Corcoran, Elaine M McMahon, Helen Keeley, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Vita Postuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Peeter Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of the large pan-European school-based RCT, Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE). The health outcomes of interest were suicide attempt and severe suicidal ideation with suicide plans. Adopting a payer's perspective, three suicide prevention interventions were modelled with a Control over a 12-month time period...
February 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441804/using-social-media-to-explore-the-consequences-of-domestic-violence-on-mental-health
#18
Mingming Liu, Jia Xue, Nan Zhao, Xuefei Wang, Dongdong Jiao, Tingshao Zhu
A great deal of research has focused on the negative consequences of domestic violence (DV) on mental health. However, current studies cannot provide direct and reliable evidence on the impacts of DV on mental health in a short term as it is not feasible to measure mental health shortly before and after an unpredictable event like DV. This study aims to explore the short-term outcomes of DV on individuals' mental health. We collected a sample of 232 victims (77% female) and 232 nonvictims (gender and location matched with 232 victims) on Sina Weibo...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438124/friendly-faces-characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-with-repeat-visits-to-a-specialized-child-psychiatric-emergency-program
#19
Mollie Marr, Sarah M Horwitz, Ruth Gerson, Amy Storfer-Isser, Jennifer F Havens
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits continue to rise with 19% to 62% of youth presenting to the ED ultimately returning for a mental health-related complaint. To better understand the needs of children returning to the ED, this study examines the clinical, demographic, and environmental factors associated with revisits to a dedicated child psychiatric ED. METHODS: Clinical factors, home environment, and mental health service utilization of 885 children presenting to a dedicated child psychiatric ED over a 1-year period were abstracted by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#20
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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