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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319695/suicidal-ideation-reported-on-the-phq9-and-risk-of-suicidal-behavior-across-age-groups
#1
Rebecca C Rossom, Karen J Coleman, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Eric Johnson, Malia Oliver, Greg E Simon
OBJECTIVE: The Joint Commission recommends all patients be screened for suicide. However, differences in suicide attempt and death rates may affect how well tools predict risk across age groups. Our objective was to determine whether item 9 of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) predicts risk for suicide attempts and deaths across age groups. METHODS: PHQ9s completed by adult outpatients treated for mental health conditions in 2010-2012 at four Mental Health Research Network-affiliated healthcare systems were used to measure depression severity and suicidal ideation...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#2
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315930/disparities-in-mortality-by-disability-an-11-year-follow-up-study-of-1%C3%A2-million-individuals
#3
Jung Min Park, Ukchan Oh, Beop-Rae Roh, Yeongmin Moon
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines to what extent the risk of mortality-all-cause, natural death, suicide, and unintentional injury mortality-differs by types and severity of disabilities as well as disability status. METHODS: Data were the National Sample Cohort of 1,025,340 individuals in South Korea followed from 2002 to 2013. Cox regression with time-variant variables was used to estimate the hazard ratio of mortality by disability. RESULTS: Individuals with disabilities had a higher risk of mortality compared to those without (HR 1...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315630/risk-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-in-early-postpartum-period-and-after-puerperium-are-they-the-same
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Correlation between the occurrence of postnatal depressive symptoms at 5 days and 6 weeks postpartum is well established. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of psychosocial and perinatal factors on the occurrence of postpartum depressive symptoms 2 to 5 days and 6 weeks after delivery. METHODS: 373 women in early postpartum (EPG) and 107 women 6 weeks after delivery (late postpartum group - LPG) completed a questionnaire including questions concerning mothers' characteristics, obstetric and neonatal complications during pregnancy, psychiatric factors and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
November 19, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300443/atopic-dermatitis-depression-and-suicidality
#5
Mathew N Nicholas, Melinda J Gooderham
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease associated with an underappreciated increased risk of depression and suicidality. Current literature investigates associated risk factors, including severity of disease, age, sex, and atopic comorbidities, which may help identify patients with AD at high risk for depression or suicidality. Increasing severity of AD and female sex are associated with an increased risk for both depression and suicidality, while increasing age is associated with an increased risk for depression only...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299981/electroconvulsive-therapy-against-the-patients-will-a-case-series
#6
Isabel Methfessel, Alexander Sartorius, David Zilles
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective therapy for severe depressive and psychotic disorders. As patients may be subject to legal incapacity and lack of insight, treatment may be administered against the patient's will. There is only limited evidence on the use of ECT against the patient's non-autonomous will. METHODS: We report a series of eight patients who received ECT against their will in two German university medical hospitals between 2014 and 2016...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299961/an-excessive-risk-of-suicide-may-no-longer-be-a-reality-for-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#7
Shoshannah Kalson-Ray, Gilles Edan, Emmanuelle Leray
BACKGROUND: Few recent studies have shown that there is no longer an increased risk of suicide in patients affected with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: To describe suicide cases within a large French MS cohort and assess whether MS patients are at a higher risk of suicide compared with the general population. METHODS: Data derives from a study on long-term mortality of 27,603 prevalent cases from 15 MS specialist centres. Of 1,569 deceased MS patients (5...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297631/an-examination-of-suicide-research-and-funding-in-new-zealand-2006-16-implications-for-new-research-and-policies
#8
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
Objective Suicide is a significant public health problem in New Zealand, with the youth suicide rate being one of the highest among developed countries. Increased suicide rates in recent years suggest that the evidence base and research priorities for New Zealand suicide prevention need to be reassessed. To inform policy development, the aim of the present study was to evaluate all peer-reviewed New Zealand published suicide research and major grant allocations from 2006 to 2016.Methods The methodology duplicated a recent Australian review of suicide prevention research and funding...
March 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#9
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#10
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291033/assessing-suicide-risk-what-is-commonly-missed-in-the-emergency-room
#11
Nazanin Alavi, Taras Reshetukha, Eric Prost, Kristen Antoniak, Dianne Groll
OBJECTIVE: Although risk assessment for suicide has been extensively studied, it is still an inexact process. The current study determined how busy emergency clinicians actually assessed and documented suicide risk, while also examining the differences between psychiatric and emergency medicine opinions on the importance of various suicide predictors. METHOD: Phase 1 of the study involved the administration of a survey on the relative importance of various suicide predictors for the specialties of psychiatry and emergency medicine...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288403/ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-in-veterans-serial-indirect-effects-via-depression-and-anger
#12
Jessica M McKinney, Jameson K Hirsch, Peter C Britton
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are higher in veterans compared to the general population, perhaps due to trauma exposure. Previous literature highlights depressive symptoms and anger as contributors to suicide risk. PTSD symptoms may indirectly affect suicide risk by increasing the severity of such cognitive-emotional factors. METHOD: A sample of community dwelling veterans (N=545) completed online surveys, including the PTSD Checklist-Military Version, Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised, Multidimensional Health Profile-Psychosocial Functioning, and Differential Emotions Scale -IV...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287798/a-randomized-clinical-trial-targeting-anxiety-sensitivity-for-patients-with-suicidal-ideation
#13
Norman B Schmidt, Aaron M Norr, Nicholas P Allan, Amanda M Raines, Daniel W Capron
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a well-established transdiagnostic risk factor for anxiety and mood psychopathology including suicide. A variety of interventions using cognitive-behavioral skills as well as cognitive bias modification (CBM) suggest that AS can be quickly and effectively reduced in nonclinical and nontreatment seeking samples. However, it is unclear whether AS reduction protocols will have efficacy for more severe clinical samples. Moreover, the combination of cognitive-behavioral techniques with CBM focused on changing interpretation bias (CBM-I) related to AS has not been evaluated...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285249/the-alexithymia-emotion-regulation-emotion-regulation-difficulties-positive-and-negative-affects-and-suicidal-risk-in-alcohol-dependent-outpatients
#14
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Vahid Khosravani, Farangis Sharifi Bastan, Razieh Jamaati Ardakani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential contributing factors such as alexithymia, emotion regulation and difficulties in emotion regulation, positive/negative affects and clinical factors including severity of alcohol dependence and depression connected to high suicidality in alcohol-dependent outpatients. 205 alcohol-dependent outpatients and 100 normal controls completed the demographic questionnaire, the Persian version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (FTAS-20), the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), the Positive/Negative Affect Scales, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284107/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-results-from-a-european-multicenter-study
#15
Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Daniel Souery, Julien Mendlewicz, Alessandro Serretti, Stefano Porcelli, Joseph Zohar, Stuart Montgomery, Siegfried Kasper
This naturalistic European multicenter study aimed to elucidate the association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid anxiety disorders. Demographic and clinical information of 1346 MDD patients were compared between those with and without concurrent anxiety disorders. The association between explanatory variables and the presence of comorbid anxiety disorders was examined using binary logistic regression analyses. 286 (21.2%) of the participants exhibited comorbid anxiety disorders, 10.8% generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), 8...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282078/-problematic-substance-abuse-and-history-of-suicidal-behavior-in-female-patients-in-an-acute-mental-health-service
#16
Sebastián Camino, Ramiro Expósito, Demián Rodante
Current publications that analyze operational and epidemiologic variables in the Argentinian Mental Health System are scarce. Several international studies have found a correlation between substance abuse and suicidal behavior. However, to our knowledge, there are no local studies that verify this association, especially in hospitalized female patients. The aim of this study is to verify this association in a population of female patients hospitalized in a Mental Health Hospital between august 2007 and july 2013...
July 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281893/universal-adolescent-suicide-screening-in-a-pediatric-urgent-care-center
#17
Aimy Patel, Catherine Watts, Sheri Shiddell, Karla Couch, Amber M Smith, Michael J Moran, Gregory P Conners
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to describe the implementation of a two-question suicide screening tool in a pediatric urgent care center to identify patients at risk of suicide. METHODS: Adolescents presenting during a 12-month period completed the screening tool. Positive response to either question triggered further social work evaluation, including a Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale. RESULTS: Of 4786 patients screened, 95 (2%) responded positively...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276176/user-profiles-of-an-electronic-mental-health-tool-for-ecological-momentary-assessment-memind
#18
María Luisa Barrigón, Sofian Berrouiguet, Juan José Carballo, Covadonga Bonal-Giménez, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Bernadette Pfang, David Delgado-Gómez, Philippe Courtet, Fuensanta Aroca, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Antonio Artés-Rodríguez, Enrique Baca-García
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is gaining importance in psychiatry. This article assesses the characteristics of patients who used a new electronic EMA tool: the MEmind Wellness Tracker. Over one year, 13811 adult outpatients in our Psychiatry Department were asked to use MEmind. We collected information about socio-demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, illness severity, stressful life events and suicidal thoughts/behavior. We compared active users (N = 2838) and non-active users (N = 10,973) of MEmind and performed a Random Forest analysis to assess which variables could predict its use...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275543/the-global-ect-mri-research-collaboration-gemric-establishing-a-multi-site-investigation-of-the-neural-mechanisms-underlying-response-to-electroconvulsive-therapy
#19
Leif Oltedal, Hauke Bartsch, Ole Johan Evjenth Sørhaug, Ute Kessler, Christopher Abbott, Annemieke Dols, Max L Stek, Lars Ersland, Louise Emsell, Philip van Eijndhoven, Miklos Argyelan, Indira Tendolkar, Pia Nordanskog, Paul Hamilton, Martin Balslev Jorgensen, Iris E Sommer, Sophie M Heringa, Bogdan Draganski, Ronny Redlich, Udo Dannlowski, Harald Kugel, Filip Bouckaert, Pascal Sienaert, Amit Anand, Randall Espinoza, Katherine L Narr, Dominic Holland, Anders M Dale, Ketil J Oedegaard
Major depression, currently the world's primary cause of disability, leads to profound personal suffering and increased risk of suicide. Unfortunately, the success of antidepressant treatment varies amongst individuals and can take weeks to months in those who respond. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), generally prescribed for the most severely depressed and when standard treatments fail, produces a more rapid response and remains the most effective intervention for severe depression. Exploring the neurobiological effects of ECT is thus an ideal approach to better understand the mechanisms of successful therapeutic response...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274223/prevalence-of-depression-and-its-associated-factors-among-primary-caregivers-of-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-in-southwest-ethiopia
#20
Habtamu Derajew, Daniel Tolessa, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Fikir Addisu, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Depression is a serious mental illness that affects patients' treatment outcome and caregiver's day to day life. The prevalence of depression among caregivers of patients with severe mental illness is greater than the general population. Little is known about depression among primary caregivers of patients with severe mental illness in Ethiopia. This study is aimed at assessing prevalence of depression and associated factors among primary caregivers of patients with mental illness...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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