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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689698/aggression-impulsivity-and-their-predictive-value-on-medical-lethality-of-suicide-attempts-a-follow-up-study-on-hospitalized-patients
#1
Yari Gvion
BACKGROUND: This study examined the role of aggressive-impulsive variants, and suicide history in predicting the medical severity of follow-up suicide attempts. METHODS: 97 consecutive psychiatric in-patients who participated in earlier study 2-5 years previously. Thirty-three had a history of a medically serious suicide attempt (MSSA), 29 had a history of a medically non-serious suicide attempt (MNSSA), and 35 had no history of suicide. Participants completed a battery of instruments measuring aggressive-impulsive variables, hopelessness and communication difficulties...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689582/-late-life-depression-diagnosis-pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-strategies
#2
Forugh S Dafsari, Frank Jessen
Late-life depression is a frequent and severe mental disorder. It is characterized by alterations in mood as well as cognitive deficits and somatic symptoms. LLD is associated with various adverse outcomes, such as reduced quality of life, negative impact on physical comorbidities, functional impairments, increased suicide and non-suicide mortality. Moreover, LLD serves as a risk factor for developing all-cause dementia, including Alzheimer´s disease. It leads to a frequent use of health care services and remains a serious public health concern...
April 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687442/is-externalizing-psychopathology-a-robust-risk-factor-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#3
REVIEW
Tracy K Witte, Jami M Gauthier, Xieyining Huang, Jessica D Ribeiro, Joseph C Franklin
OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the potency of externalizing psychopathology as a risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). METHOD: We conducted a random effects meta-analysis of 174 prospective studies (839 unique statistical tests) examining externalizing psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) published prior to December 8, 2017. The weighted mean odds ratios for the overall relationship between externalizing psychopathology and STBs were below 2...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685207/psychiatric-benefits-of-lithium-in-water-supplies-may-be-due-to-protection-from-the-neurotoxicity-of-lead-exposure
#4
Eric E Brown, Philip Gerretsen, Bruce Pollock, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Lithium is a medication used to treat bipolar disorder and may also prevent cognitive decline and suicide. Lithium is also found naturally, in levels well below clinical doses, in drinking water worldwide, and levels have been inversely associated with rates of psychiatric disorders. Lead (Pb) is another element in the environment but is a toxin of public health concern. Negative effects of chronic lead exposure and possible benefits of environmental lithium exposure appear complementary...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684863/psychological-and-genetic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-korean-patients-with-mood-disorders
#5
Hee-Yeon Choi, Ga Eun Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yu Jin Lee, Weon-Jeong Lim, So-Hyun Park, Su Hee Ha, Soo In Kim
INTRODUCTION: To prevent suicide, a nationwide important issue in Korea, understanding its etiology is essential. This study aimed to delineate the risk factors for suicidal behavior in mood disorder patients in Korea. METHODS: 216 patients with mood disorders were recruited. We measured suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history and the association of six gene polymorphisms with SB: COMT (rs4680), HTR1A (rs6295), TPH1 (rs1800532), BDNF (rs6265), SLC1A3 (rs2269272), and SLC1A2 (rs4755404)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684301/association-between-tinnitus-and-mental-health-among-korean-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Ji-Su Kim
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology of tinnitus is not clearly understood, but its prevalence is relatively high. Persistent symptoms of tinnitus are linked to various mental health conditions, and in particular, tinnitus prevalence is high in Korean adolescents. Accordingly, this study aimed to reveal the associations between tinnitus and mental health in Korean adolescents using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Original data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680512/involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-its-relationship-to-psychopathology-and-aggression
#8
Pedro Henrique Canova Mosele, Guillierme Chervenski Figueira, Amadeu Antônio Bertuol Filho, José Antônio Reis Ferreira de Lima, Vitor Crestani Calegaro
The current study investigates the relationship between involuntary hospitalization, severity of psychopathology, and aggression. Adult psychiatric inpatients hospitalized from August, 2012 to January, 2013 were evaluated via the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS). Individuals were compared regarding voluntariness of hospitalization. Of the 137 hospitalizations in the period, 71 were involuntary (INV). The variables associated with involuntariness were being brought to hospital by ambulance or police, and aggression in the first 24 h of admission...
April 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677083/east-multicenter-trial-on-targeted-temperature-management-for-hanging-induced-cardiac-arrest
#9
Cindy H Hsu, Bryce E Haac, Mack Drake, Andrew C Bernard, Alberto Aiolfi, Kenji Inaba, Holly E Hinson, Chinar Agarwal, Joseph Galante, Emily M Tibbits, Nicholas J Johnson, David Carlbom, Mina F Mirhoseini, Mayur B Patel, Karen R OʼBosky, Christian Chan, Pascal O Udekwu, Megan Farrell, Jeffrey L Wild, Katelyn A Young, Daniel C Cullinane, Deborah J Gojmerac, Alexandra Weissman, Clifton Callaway, Sarah M Perman, Mariana Guerrero, Imoigele P Aisiku, Raghu R Seethala, Ivan N Co, Debbie Y Madhok, Bryan Darger, Dennis Y Kim, Lara Spence, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the outcome of suicidal hanging and the impact of targeted temperature management (TTM) on hanging-induced cardiac arrest (CA) through an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) multicenter retrospective study. METHODS: We analyzed hanging patient data and TTM variables from January 1992 to December 2015. Cerebral performance category (CPC) score of 1 or 2 was considered good neurologic outcome, while CPC of 3 or 4 was considered poor outcome...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#10
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#11
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674979/emotional-responses-to-suicidal-patients-factor-structure-construct-and-predictive-validity-of-the-therapist-response-questionnaire-suicide-form
#12
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Bernard Gorman, Rachel Altman, Adriana Foster, Alan Apter, Paul Rosenfield, Igor Galynker
Background: Mental health professionals have a pivotal role in suicide prevention. However, they also often have intense emotional responses, or countertransference, during encounters with suicidal patients. Previous studies of the Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form (TRQ-SF), a brief novel measure aimed at probing a distinct set of suicide-related emotional responses to patients found it to be predictive of near-term suicidal behavior among high suicide-risk inpatients. The purpose of this study was to validate the TRQ-SF in a general outpatient clinic setting...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672095/concurrent-validity-of-the-personality-assessment-screener-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#13
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Mental health problems are disproportionately prevalent in forensic and correctional settings, and there have been numerous attempts to develop screening tools to evaluate individuals in such contexts. This study investigates the clinical utility of the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS; Morey, 1997), a brief self-report measure of risk for emotional and behavioral dysfunction, in a large mixed-gender offender sample (N = 1,658). The PAS is a 22-item measure derived from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007), a more comprehensive self-report instrument widely used to assess for psychological disturbances among forensic and correctional populations...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667794/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-cosmetic-practice
#14
Helena Kuhn, Paulo R Cunha, Natalie H Matthews, George Kroumpouzos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. This article discusses the demographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of BDD...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666740/treatment-of-acute-psychosis-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-in-a-patient-with-left-temporal-lobe-lesion
#15
Richard Shehane, Steve Miller, Luke Suber, Miranda Chakos
We present a case of rapid onset severe psychosis followed by suicide attempt in a United States Navy sailor. Investigation revealed a left temporal lobe brain mass suspicious for low-grade glioma. After hospitalization and medical management with olanzapine and lurasidone the patient's psychosis improved. The purpose of this paper is to add to the existing case reports that suggest a relationship between temporal lobe lesions and psychiatric illness, specifically psychosis. In addition, this case adds insight into the effectiveness of medical therapy for brain tumor patients that are not immediate candidates for neurosurgical intervention...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665561/the-functions-and-addictive-features-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-in-a-university-sample
#16
Camille Guérin-Marion, Jodi Martin, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Marie-France Lafontaine, Jean-François Bureau
The Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI) is a comprehensive self-report measure of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In an effort to build on past research and further validate the OSI, this study presents a confirmatory factor analysis of the OSI's subscales measuring the functions and addictive features of NSSI using a university sample. Participants were 316 university students aged 17-25 years (84.8% female) who had engaged in NSSI at least once in their lifetime. Consistent with past research, results confirmed the four-factor structure of the Functions items (Internal Emotion Regulation, Social Influence, External Emotion Regulation, Sensation Seeking), as well as the single-factor structure of Addictive Features items...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#17
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665163/lowered-quality-of-life-in-mood-disorders-is-associated-with-increased-neuro-oxidative-stress-and-basal-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-use-of-anticonvulsant-mood-stabilizers
#18
Caroline Sampaio Nunes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Juliana Brum Moraes, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Luiz Gustavo Piccoli de Melo, Stoyanov Drozdstoj, Estefania Moreira, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
RATIONALE, AIMS: Major affective disorders including bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Oxidative stress and subtle thyroid abnormalities may play a pathophysiological role in both disorders. Thus, the current study was performed to examine whether neuro-oxidative biomarkers and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels could predict HRQoL in BD and MDD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 68 BD and 37 MDD patients and 66 healthy controls...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665120/determinants-and-predictive-value-of-clinician-assessment-of-short-term-suicide-risk
#19
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Irina Kopeykina, Firouz Ardalan, Paul Rosenfield, James Murrough, Igor Galynker
We examine the interrelations among clinicians' judgment of patients' suicide risk, clinicians' emotional responses, and standard risk factors in the short-term prediction of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Psychiatric outpatients (n = 153) with a lifetime history of suicide ideation/attempt and their treating clinicians (n = 67) were evaluated at intake. Clinicians completed a standard suicide risk instrument (modified SAD PERSONS scale), a 10-point Likert scale assessment of judgment of patient suicide risk (Clinician Prediction Scale), and a measure of their emotional responses to the patient (Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form)...
April 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664050/association-between-perceived-stressfulness-of-stressful-life-events-and-the-suicidal-risk-in-chinese-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Jing-Yu Lin, Yu Huang, Yun-Ai Su, Xin Yu, Xiao-Zhen Lyu, Qi Liu, Tian-Mei Si
Background: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) usually have high risk of suicidality. Few studies have investigated the effects of stressful life events (SLEs) on the risk of suicide in Chinese patients who have developed MDD. This study aimed to investigate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk in Chinese patients with MDD. Methods: In total, 1029 patients with MDD were included from nine psychiatric hospitals to evaluate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
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