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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422250/a-novel-nanomissile-targeting-two-biomarkers-and-accurately-bombing-ctcs-with-doxorubicin
#1
Yu Gao, Xiaodong Xie, Fengqiao Li, Yusheng Lu, Tao Li, Shu Lian, Yingying Zhang, Huijuan Zhang, Hao Mei, Lee Jia
Rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) cause >50% of primary colorectal cancer survivors to develop deadly metastasis at 3-5 years after surgery; the current chemotherapies can do nothing about these cells. Herein, we synthesized a novel doxorubicin (DOX)-entrapped mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN), covalently-conjugated with two aptamers, for simultaneously targeting EpCAM and CD44, the typical surface biomarkers of colorectal CTCs. The nanomissile can specifically capture the metastasis-prone CTCs spiked in healthy human blood in a competitive-binding manner...
April 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414301/striatopallidal-dysfunction-underlies-repetitive-behavior-in-shank3-deficient-model-of-autism
#2
Wenting Wang, Chenchen Li, Qian Chen, Marie-Sophie van der Goes, James Hawrot, Annie Y Yao, Xian Gao, Congyi Lu, Ying Zang, Qiangge Zhang, Katherine Lyman, Dongqing Wang, Baolin Guo, Shengxi Wu, Charles R Gerfen, Zhanyan Fu, Guoping Feng
The postsynaptic scaffolding protein SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3 (SHANK3) is critical for the development and function of glutamatergic synapses. Disruption of the SHANK3-encoding gene has been strongly implicated as a monogenic cause of autism, and Shank3 mutant mice show repetitive grooming and social interaction deficits. Although basal ganglia dysfunction has been proposed to underlie repetitive behaviors, few studies have provided direct evidence to support this notion and the exact cellular mechanisms remain largely unknown...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414201/intrinsic-radiolabeling-of-titanium-45-using-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#3
Feng Chen, Hector F Valdovinos, Reinier Hernandez, Shreya Goel, Todd E Barnhart, Weibo Cai
Titanium-45 ((45)Ti) with a three-hour half-life (t1/2=3.08 h), low maximum positron energy and high positron emission branching ratio, is a suitable positron emission tomography (PET) isotope whose potential has not yet been fully explored. Complicated radiochemistry and rapid hydrolysis continue to be major challenges to the development of (45)Ti compounds based on a traditional chelator-based radiolabeling strategy. In this study we introduced an intrinsic (or chelator-free) radiolabeling technique for the successful labeling of (45)Ti using mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)...
April 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411532/one-pot-loading-high-content-thionine-on-polydopamine-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-nanosphere-for-ultrasensitive-electrochemical-immunoassay
#4
Guosong Lai, Min Zheng, Wenjie Hu, Aimin Yu
A thionine (TH)-doped mesoporous silica nanosphere (MSN)/polydopamine (PDA) nanocomposite was synthesized for developing a new signal transduction strategy of electrochemical immunoassay. This nanocomposite was synthesized through one-pot loading of TH and in situ formation of PDA-coating on MSN. After antibody labeling, the obtained nanoprobe was used for the signal tracing of sandwich immunoassay at a magnetic bead-assay platform. Based on the specific capture of the MSN-TH/PDA nanoprobes through sandwich immunoreaction to form a magnetic immunocomplex and the following treatment of the immunocomplex with a NaOH solution, the PDA film coated on MSN was destroyed to release TH tags from the nanoprobe...
April 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409937/spatial-and-temporal-localization-of-flavonoid-metabolites-in-strawberry-fruit-fragaria-%C3%A3-ananassa
#5
Anna Christina Crecelius, Dirk Hoelscher, Thomas Hoffmann, Bernd Schneider, Thilo C Fischer, Magda-Viola Hanke, Henry Flachowsky, Wilfried Schwab, Ulrich S Schubert
Flavonoids are important metabolites in strawberries (Fragaria × ananassa), since they accomplish an extensive collection of physiological functions and are valuable for human health. However, their localization within the fruit tissue has not been extensively explored. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric imaging (MALDI-MSI) was employed to shed light on the spatial distribution of flavonoids during fruit development. One wild-type (WT) and two transgenic lines were compared, where in the transgenics enzymes anthocyanidin reductase (ANRi) and flavonol synthase (FLSi), respectively were down-regulated using an RNAi based silencing approach...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407530/redox-responsive-nanocarriers-for-drug-and-gene-co-delivery-based-on-chitosan-derivatives-modified-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#6
Jian-Tao Lin, Zong-Kun Liu, Qing-Ling Zhu, Xiao-Hui Rong, Cui-Ling Liang, Jie Wang, Dong Ma, Jing Sun, Guan-Hai Wang
Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for anticancer drug and gene co-delivery are promising strategy in cancer therapy. The ultimate goal is to deliver high local concentration of therapeutic agents with no premature release and result in synergistic effects for combination therapies. In this work, we developed a redox stimuli-responsive and synergistic co-delivery system for anticancer drug DOX and p53 gene for potential cancer therapy. A dendronized chitosan derivative (CP) as a "gatekeeper" to control release the drug was used to modify MSNs via a disulfide linker and improve the gene transfection efficiency...
April 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385233/cellulose-polymer-silica-composite-cotton-fiber-based-on-a-hyperbranch-mesostructure-system-as-versatile-adsorbent-for-water-treatment
#7
Jin Tao, Jiaqing Xiong, Chenlu Jiao, Desuo Zhang, Hong Lin, Yuyue Chen
The present study describes the preparation of a hybrid cellulose-based adsorbent (HM-cotton) containing a dot-plane composite adsorption system. The dot-plane adsorption structure is formed by the plane of hyperbranched polymer (HBP) layer distributed by the functional mesoporous nanoparticle (CA-MSN) dots, fabricating hyperbranch-mesostructure system via self-assembly. The resultant adsorbent HM-cotton was characterized, and the adsorption mechanism for dyes and metal ions was also discussed in detail. The results show that the adsorption data is fitted to Pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model, and owing to the dot-plane system possessing functional mesostructure of CA-MSNs with large surface area and substantial adsorption sites from HBP macromolecules, HM-cotton exhibits versatile, highly-efficiency and sustainable adsorption properties for dyes such as CR and MB, and metal ions such as Fe(3+) and Cu(2+) from aqueous media...
June 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376620/bioresponsive-release-system-for-visual-fluorescence-detection-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-from-mesoporous-silica-nanocontainers-mediated-optical-color-on-quantum-dot-enzyme-impregnated-paper
#8
Zhenli Qiu, Jian Shu, Dianping Tang
An all-in-one paper-based analytical device (PAD) was successfully developed for visual fluorescence detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) on CdTe/CdSe quantum dot (QD)-enzyme-impregnated paper by coupling with a bioresponsive controlled-release system from DNA-gated mesoporous silica nanocontainers (MSNs). The assay was carried out in a centrifuge tube by using glucose-loaded MSNs with a CEA aptamer and a QD-enzyme-paper attached on the lid. Initially, single-strand complementary DNA to a CEA aptamer was covalently conjugated to the aminated MSN, and then glucose (enzyme substrate) molecules were gated into the pore with the help of the aptamer...
April 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363599/fluorescent-carbon-dot-gated-multifunctional-mesoporous-silica-nanocarriers-for-redox-enzyme-dual-responsive-targeted-and-controlled-drug-delivery-and-real-time-bioimaging
#9
Ying Wang, Yu Cui, Yating Zhao, Bing He, Xiaoli Shi, Donghua Di, Qiang Zhang, Siling Wang
A distinctive and personalized nanocarrier is described here for controlled and targeted antitumor drug delivery and real-time bioimaging by combining a redox/enzyme dual-responsive disulfide-conjugated carbon dot with mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN-SS-CDHA). The carbon dot with controlling and targeting abilities was prepared through a polymerizing reaction by applying citric acid and HA as starting materials (named CDHA). The as-prepared MSN-SS-CDHA exhibited not only superior photostability and excellent biocompatibility, but also the ability to target A549 cells with overexpression of CD44 receptors...
March 28, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363135/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-incorporated-hybrid-monolithic-stationary-phase-immobilized-with-pepsin-for-enantioseparation-by-capillary-electrochromatography
#10
Shujuan Xu, Rongzhen Mo, Can Jin, Xiaoqin Cui, Ruihan Bai, Yibing Ji
In this study, a novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles incorporated chiral hybrid monolithic stationary phase was developed. The stationary phase was firstly prepared by an in situ copolymerization of amino-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (NH2-MSN), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA) and then functionalized with pepsin as chiral selector. The incorporated mesoporous silica nanoparticles provided additional interactions sites, and in turn yielded different enantioselectivity thus enhancing the overall separation...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358890/a-multifunctional-bioactive-material-that-stimulates-osteogenesis-and-promotes-the-vascularization-bone-marrow-stem-cells-and-their-resistance-to-bacterial-infection
#11
Chuang Ma, Qin Wei, Bo Cao, Xinchun Cheng, Juling Tian, Hongwei Pu, Aihemaitijiang Yusufu, Li Cao
The main limitation of tissue engineering lies in the inability to stimulate osteogenesis, angiogenesis of stem cells and broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. However, the development of multifunctional bioactive materials with these capabilities remains a great challenge. In this study, we prepared mesoporous silica nanoparticles encapsulated with silver nanocrystals (AG-MSN) with uniform sphere size and mesopores. Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) was effectively loaded in the AG-MSN mesopores (P-AG-MSN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355308/structural-basis-for-non-genuine-phenolic-acceptor-substrate-specificity-of-streptomyces-roseochromogenes-prenyltransferase-cloq-from-the-abba-pt-barrel-superfamily
#12
Carla Araya-Cloutier, Bianca Martens, Gijs Schaftenaar, Franziska Leipoldt, Harry Gruppen, Jean-Paul Vincken
Acceptor substrate specificity of Streptomyces roseochromogenes prenyltransferase SrCloQ was investigated using different non-genuine phenolic compounds. RP-UHPLC-UV-MSn was used for the tentative annotation and quantification of the prenylated products. Flavonoids, isoflavonoids and stilbenoids with different types of substitution were prenylated by SrCloQ, although with less efficiency than the genuine substrate 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate. The isoflavan equol, followed by the flavone 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone, were the best non-genuine acceptor substrates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349782/hr-her2-breast-cancers-with-growth-factor-receptor-mediated-emt-have-a-poor-prognosis-and-lapatinib-downregulates-emt-in-mcf-7-cells
#13
Krisha Desai, Radhika Aiyappa, Jyothi S Prabhu, Madhumathy G Nair, Patrick Varun Lawrence, Aruna Korlimarla, Anupama Ce, Annie Alexander, Rohini S Kaluve, Suraj Manjunath, Marjorrie Correa, B S Srinath, Shekhar Patil, Anjali Kalamdani, Msn Prasad, T S Sridhar
Despite an overall good prognosis, a significant proportion of patients with hormone receptor positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative breast cancers develop distant metastases. The metastatic potential of epithelial cells is known to be regulated by tumor-stromal interaction and mediated by epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Hormone receptor positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative tumors were used to estimate markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and the luminal breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was used to examine the interactions between integrins and growth factor receptors in causation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336323/m1-muscarinic-activation-induces-long-lasting-increase-in-intrinsic-excitability-of-striatal-projection-neurons
#14
Xiaohui Lv, Jonathan W Dickerson, Jerri M Rook, Craig W Lindsley, P Jeffrey Conn, Zixiu Xiang
The dorsolateral striatum is critically involved in movement control and motor learning. Striatal function is regulated by a variety of neuromodulators including acetylcholine. Previous studies have shown that cholinergic activation excites striatal principal projection neurons, medium spiny neurons (MSNs), and this action is mediated by muscarinic acetylcholine subtype 1 receptors (M1) through modulating multiple potassium channels. In the present study, we used electrophysiology techniques in conjunction with optogenetic and pharmacological tools to determine the long-term effects of striatal cholinergic activation on MSN intrinsic excitability...
March 20, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334608/parvalbumin-interneurons-modulate-striatal-output-and-enhance-performance-during-associative-learning
#15
Kwang Lee, Sandra M Holley, Justin L Shobe, Natalie C Chong, Carlos Cepeda, Michael S Levine, Sotiris C Masmanidis
The prevailing view is that striatal parvalbumin (PV)-positive interneurons primarily function to downregulate medium spiny projection neuron (MSN) activity via monosynaptic inhibitory signaling. Here, by combining in vivo neural recordings and optogenetics, we unexpectedly find that both suppressing and over-activating PV cells attenuates spontaneous MSN activity. To account for this, we find that, in addition to monosynaptic coupling, PV-MSN interactions are mediated by a competing disynaptic inhibitory circuit involving a variety of neuropeptide Y-expressing interneurons...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334479/signal-induced-release-of-guests-from-a-photolatent-metal-phenolic-supramolecular-cage-and-its-hybrid-assemblies
#16
Chiyoung Park, Beom Joo Yang, Ki Beom Jeong, Chae Bin Kim, Seunghyun Lee, Bon-Cheol Ku
The coordination chemistry of plant polyphenols and metal ions can be used for coating various substrates and for creating modular superstructures. We herein explored this chemistry for the controlled release of guests from mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). The selective adsorption of tannic acids (TAs) on MSN silica walls opens the MSN mesoporous channels without disturbing mass transport. The channel may be closed by the coordination of TA with Cu(II) ions. Upon exposure to light, photolysis of Trojan horse guests (photoacid generators, PAGs) leads to acid generation, which enables the release of payloads by decomposing the outer coordination shell consisting of TA and Cu(II) ...
March 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327716/chemo-photodynamic-combined-gene-therapy-and-dual-modal-cancer-imaging-achieved-by-ph-responsive-alginate-chitosan-multilayer-modified-magnetic-mesoporous-silica-nanocomposites
#17
Hong Yang, Yin Chen, Zhongyuan Chen, Yue Geng, Xiaoxue Xie, Xue Shen, Tingting Li, Shun Li, Chunhui Wu, Yiyao Liu
Multifunctional theranostics have offered some interesting new opportunities for cancer therapy and diagnosis in the last decade. Herein, magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (M-MSNs) were designed and synthesized, then the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and antitumor drug doxorubicin (Dox) were adsorbed onto the M-MSNs. Biocompatible alginate/chitosan polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) were assembled on the M-MSNs to achieve a pH-responsive drug delivery system and adsorb P-gp shRNA for reversing the multidrug resistance...
March 22, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320530/single-cell-rna-sequence-analysis-of-mouse-glomerular-mesangial-cells-uncovers-mesangial-cell-essential-genes
#18
Yuqiu Lu, Yuting Ye, Qianqian Yang, Shaolin Shi
Mesangial cells are essential for the structure and function of glomeruli, but the mechanisms underlying these roles are not well understood. Here, we performed a single-cell RNA-sequence (RNA-seq) analysis of mouse mesangial cells using the Fluidigm C1 platform. We found that gene expression in individual mesangial cells was tremendously heterogeneous, with mean correlation coefficients of 0.20, and most mesangial genes were actually expressed in only a portion of mesangial cells and are therefore presumably dispensable...
March 17, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319867/phototherapeutic-spectrum-expansion-through-synergistic-effect-of-mesoporous-silica-trio-nanohybrids-against-antibiotic-resistant-gram-negative-bacterium
#19
Yaswanth Kuthati, Ranjith Kumar Kankala, Prabhakar Busa, Shi-Xiang Lin, Jin-Pei Deng, Chung-Yuan Mou, Chia-Hung Lee
The extensive impact of antibiotic resistance has led to the exploration of new anti-bacterial modalities. We designed copper impregnated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Cu-MSN) with immobilizing silver nanoparticles (SNPs) to apply photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of antibiotic-resistant E. coli. SNPs were decorated over the Cu-MSN surfaces by coordination of silver ions on diamine-functionalized Cu-MSN and further reduced to silver nanoparticles with formalin. We demonstrate that silver is capable of sensitizing the gram-negative bacteria E...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289583/microarray-technology-reveals-potentially-novel-genes-and-pathways-involved-in-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#20
X Qiao, H Wang, X Wang, B Zhao, J Liu
Microarray data of non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) were analyzed to disclose novel genes and pathways involved in NFPA tumorigenesis. Raw microarray data were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Data pre-treatment and differential analysis were conducted using packages in R. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using package GOs-tats. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using server STRING and Cytoscape. Known genes involved in pituitary adenomas (PAs), were obtained from the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database...
December 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
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