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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241701/-application-of-means-of-surfaces-with-nonhomogeneity-in-estimating-the-incidence-of-pneumoconiosis
#1
C X Zhao, J Zhang, S B Hao, J Zhang, P Xu, Y W Can, J Q Zhao, J G Li
Objective: To investigate the value of means of surfaces with nonhomogeneity (MSN) in esti-mating the incidence of pneumoconiosis. Methods: Based on the principal component analysis, all counties (districts) of Hebei Province, China, were divided into three categories according to the degree of pneumoconiosis hazards and the MSN model was used to estimate the incidence rate of pneumoconiosis and the number of pneu-moconiosis cases using the data of the incidence of pneumoconiosis in 2010. Results: With reference to the appli-cation requirements of the MSN model, results of the principal component analysis, and expert experience, the 172 counties (districts) in Hebei Province were divided into three categories with mild, moderate, and severe pneumoconiosis hazards...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240539/intrinsic-ultrahigh-drug-mirna-loading-capacity-of-biodegradable-bioactive-glass-nanoparticles-towards-highly-efficient-pharmaceutical-delivery
#2
Meng Yu, Yumeng Xue, Peter X Ma, Cong Mao, Bo Lei
The lack of safe and efficient drug/gene delivery vectors has become a major obstacle for the clinical applications of drug/non-viral gene therapy. To date, for non-viral gene vectors, most of studies are focused on cationic polymers, liposomes and modified inorganic nanoparticles which have shown high cellular toxicity or low transfection efficiency or non-degradation. Additionally, few biodegradable biomaterials demonstrate intrinsic high binding abilities to both drug and gene. Bioactive glasses (BGs) have achieved successful applications in bone regeneration due to their high biocompatibility and biodegradation...
February 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196569/reflections-on-an-innovative-approach-to-studying-abroad-in-nursing
#3
Nancy Napolitano, Karen V Duhamel
Nursing students are largely excluded from travel-abroad studies because of demanding curricula, lack of time, and cost. A poll was conducted and distributed to bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) and master of science in nursing (MSN) students who participated in 8-day observational trips. Questions were framed around the themes of cultural awareness, global health care perspective, translating theory into practice, and personal and professional growth. The results were compared with traditional long-term study-abroad outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193559/dual-functional-mesoporous-silicon-nanoparticles-enhance-the-radiosensitivity-of-vpa-in-glioblastoma
#4
Hailong Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yong Zhou, Yuhua Jiang, Shupeng Li
Radiotherapy is a critical strategy and standard adjuvant approach to glioblastoma treatment. One of the major challenges facing radiotherapy is to minimize radiation damage to normal tissue without compromising therapeutic effects on cancer cells. Various agents and numerous approaches have been developed to improve the therapeutic index of radiotherapy. Among them, radiosensitizers have attracted much attention because they selectively increase susceptibility of cancer cells to radiation and thus enhance biological effectiveness of radiotherapy...
February 10, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174081/ingenious-ph-sensitive-dextran-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-based-drug-delivery-systems-for-controlled-intracellular-drug-release
#5
Min Zhang, Jia Liu, Ying Kuang, Qilin Li, Di-Wei Zheng, Qiongfang Song, Hui Chen, Xueqin Chen, Yanglin Xu, Cao Li, Bingbing Jiang
In this work, dextran, a polysaccharide with excellent biocompatibility, is applied as the "gatekeeper" to fabricate the pH-sensitive dextran/mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) based drug delivery systems for controlled intracellular drug release. Dextran encapsulating on the surface of MSNs is oxidized by NaIO4 to obtain three kinds of dextran dialdehydes (PADs), which are then coupled with MSNs via pH-sensitive hydrazone bond to fabricate three kinds of drug carriers. At pH 7.4, PADs block the pores to prevent premature release of anti-cancer drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX)...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167674/ventrolateral-striatal-medium-spiny-neurons-positively-regulate-food-incentive-goal-directed-behavior-independently-of-d1-and-d2-selectivity
#6
Akiyo Natsubori, Iku Tsustui-Kimura, Hiroshi Nishida, Youcef Bouchekioua, Hiroshi Sekiya, Motokazu Uchigashima, Masahiko Watanabe, Alban de Kerchove d'Exaerde, Masaru Mimura, Norio Takata, Kenji F Tanaka
: The ventral striatum is involved in motivated behavior. Akin to the dorsal striatum, the ventral striatum contains two parallel pathways: the striatomesencephalic pathway consisting of dopamine receptor type 1-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) and the striatopallidal pathway consisting of D2-MSNs. These two genetically identified pathways are thought to encode opposing functions in motivated behavior. It has also been reported that D1/D2 genetic selectivity is not attributed to the anatomical discrimination of two pathways...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165700/intrinsic-and-stable-conjugation-of-thiolated-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-with-radioarsenic
#7
Paul A Ellison, Feng Chen, Shreya Goel, Todd E Barnhart, Robert J Nickles, Onofre T DeJesus, Weibo Cai
The development of new image-guided drug delivery tools to improve the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapeutics remains an important goal in nanomedicine. Using labeling strategies that involve radioelements that have theranostic pairs of diagnostic positron-emitting isotopes and therapeutic electron-emitting isotopes has promise in achieving this goal and further enhancing drug performance through radiotherapeutic effects. The isotopes of radioarsenic offer such theranostic potential and would allow for the use of positron emission tomography (PET) for image-guided drug delivery studies of the arsenic-based chemotherapeutic arsenic trioxide (ATO)...
February 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165006/axon-degeneration-induces-glial-responses-through-draper-traf4-jnk-signalling
#8
Tsai-Yi Lu, Jennifer M MacDonald, Lukas J Neukomm, Amy E Sheehan, Rachel Bradshaw, Mary A Logan, Marc R Freeman
Draper/Ced-1/MEGF-10 is an engulfment receptor that promotes clearance of cellular debris in C. elegans, Drosophila and mammals. Draper signals through an evolutionarily conserved Src family kinase cascade to drive cytoskeletal rearrangements and target engulfment through Rac1. Glia also alter gene expression patterns in response to axonal injury but pathways mediating these responses are poorly defined. We show Draper is cell autonomously required for glial activation of transcriptional reporters after axonal injury...
February 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154204/linear-ion-trap-msn-with-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-reveals-structural-diversity-of-epidermal-1-o-acyl-ceramide-family-in-mouse-epidermis
#9
Meei-Hua Lin, Jeffery Miner, John Turk, Fong-Fu Hsu
1-O-acylceramide is a new class of epidermal ceramide found in humans and mice. Here, we report ESI linear ion-trap (LIT) multiple stage mass spectrometric (MSn) approach with high resolution towards structural characterization of this lipid family isolated from mice. Molecular species desorbed as the [M + H]+ ions was subjected to LIT MS2 to yield predominately the [M + H - H2O]+ ions, followed by MS3 to cleave the 1-O-acyl residue to yield the [M + H - H2O - (1-O-fatty acid)]+ ions. The structures of the N-acyl chain and long-chain base (LCB) of the molecule were determined by MS4 on ([M + H - H2O - (1-O-fatty acid)]+) ions that yielded multiple sets of specific ions...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150492/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-as-an-anti-tumoral-angiogenesis-strategy
#10
Magdiel Inggrid Setyawati, David Tai Leong
Tumors depend heavily on angiogenesis for nutrient derivation and subsequently metastasis. Targeting tumor induced angiogenesis per se can address both tumor growth and progression simultaneously. Here, we show that we could elegantly restrict the endothelial cells angiogenic behavior through digital size control of mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN). This anti-angiogenesis effect was derived from the particle size dependent uptake and production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that directly interfered with p53 tumor suppressor pathway...
February 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145402/dysfunction-of-ventrolateral-striatal-dopamine-receptor-type-2-expressing-medium-spiny-neurons-impairs-instrumental-motivation
#11
Iku Tsutsui-Kimura, Hiroyuki Takiue, Keitaro Yoshida, Ming Xu, Ryutaro Yano, Hiroyuki Ohta, Hiroshi Nishida, Youcef Bouchekioua, Hideyuki Okano, Motokazu Uchigashima, Masahiko Watanabe, Norio Takata, Michael R Drew, Hiromi Sano, Masaru Mimura, Kenji F Tanaka
Impaired motivation is present in a variety of neurological disorders, suggesting that decreased motivation is caused by broad dysfunction of the nervous system across a variety of circuits. Based on evidence that impaired motivation is a major symptom in the early stages of Huntington's disease, when dopamine receptor type 2-expressing striatal medium spiny neurons (D2-MSNs) are particularly affected, we hypothesize that degeneration of these neurons would be a key node regulating motivational status. Using a progressive, time-controllable, diphtheria toxin-mediated cell ablation/dysfunction technique, we find that loss-of-function of D2-MSNs within ventrolateral striatum (VLS) is sufficient to reduce goal-directed behaviours without impairing reward preference or spontaneous behaviour...
February 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137534/is-there-a-place-for-human-fetal-derived-stem-cells-for-cell-replacement-therapy-in-huntington-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Sophie V Precious, Rike Zietlow, Stephen B Dunnett, Claire M Kelly, Anne E Rosser
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease that offers an excellent paradigm for cell replacement therapy because of the associated relatively focal cell loss in the striatum. The predominant cells lost in this condition are striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs). Transplantation of developing MSNs taken from the fetal brain has provided proof of concept that donor MSNs can survive, integrate and bring about a degree of functional recovery in both pre-clinical studies and in a limited number of clinical trials...
January 27, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131940/controlled-release-of-silyl-ether-camptothecin-from-thiol-ene-click-chemistry-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#13
Yue Yan, Jie Fu, Tianfu Wang, Xiuyang Lu
: As efficient drug carriers, stimuli-responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticles are at the forefront of research on drug delivery systems. An acid-responsive system based on silyl ether has been applied to deliver a hybrid prodrug. Thiol-ene click chemistry has been successfully utilized for tethering this prodrug to mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Here, by altering the steric bulk of the substituent on the silicon atom, the release rate of a model drug, camptothecin, was controlled...
January 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123013/loss-of-plasticity-in-the-d2-accumbens-pallidal-pathway-promotes-cocaine-seeking
#14
Jasper A Heinsbroek, Daniela N Neuhofer, William C Griffin, Griffin S Siegel, Ana-Clara Bobadilla, Yonatan M Kupchik, Peter W Kalivas
: Distinct populations of D1- and D2-dopamine receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-/D2-MSNs) comprise the nucleus accumbens, and activity in D1-MSNs promotes, whereas activity in D2-MSNs inhibits, motivated behaviors. We used chemogenetics to extend D1-/D2-MSN cell specific regulation to cue-reinstated cocaine seeking in a mouse model of self-administration and relapse, and found that either increasing activity in D1-MSNs or decreasing activity in D2-MSNs augmented cue-induced reinstatement...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122141/large-pore-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-as-drug-delivery-vector-for-a-highly-cytotoxic-hybrid-platinum-acridine-anticancer-agent
#15
Ye Zheng, Cale Fahrenholtz, Christopher Hackett, Song Ding, Cynthia Day, Rohan Dhall, Glen Marrs, Michael Gross, Ravi Singh, Ulrich Bierbach
Large-pore mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) were prepared and functionalized to serve as a highly robust and biocompatible delivery platform for platinum-acridine (PA) anticancer agents. The material showed a high loading capacity for the dicationic, hydrophilic hybrid agent [PtCl(en)(N-[acridin-9-ylaminoethyl]-N-methylpropionamidine)] dinitrate salt (P1A1) and virtually complete retention of payload at neutral pH in a high-chloride buffer. In acidic media mimicking the pH inside the cells' lysosomes, rapid, burst-like release of P1A1 from the nanoparticles is observed...
January 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101525/untangling-basal-ganglia-network-dynamics-and-function-role-of-dopamine-depletion-and-inhibition-investigated-in-a-spiking-network-model
#16
Mikael Lindahl, Jeanette Hellgren Kotaleski
The basal ganglia are a crucial brain system for behavioral selection, and their function is disturbed in Parkinson's disease (PD), where neurons exhibit inappropriate synchronization and oscillations. We present a spiking neural model of basal ganglia including plausible details on synaptic dynamics, connectivity patterns, neuron behavior, and dopamine effects. Recordings of neuronal activity in the subthalamic nucleus and Type A (TA; arkypallidal) and Type I (TI; prototypical) neurons in globus pallidus externa were used to validate the model...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088015/transferrin-gated-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-redox-responsive-and-targeted-drug-delivery
#17
Xiaolu Chen, Hui Sun, Jun Hu, Xia Han, Honglai Liu, Ying Hu
This work reports on a targeted and controlled drug delivery system based on protein decorated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). In this system, transferrin (Tf), a naturally existing protein, is grafted on the surfaces of MSNs via redox-cleavable disulfide bonds, serving as both a capping agent and a targeting ligand simultaneously. The uniform particles with ordered mesoporous structures and the successful construction of the Tf/MSN hybrid nanocarriers can be confirmed through combined techniques. It is found that the model anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) can be efficiently encapsulated in the MSNs in the absence of glutathione (GSH), and a burst release of DOX is observed when the system is exposed to GSH, indicating good capping efficiency of Tf and redox-responsive release of DOX...
January 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081499/screening-active-compounds-from-corydalis-yanhusuo-by-combining-high-expression-vegf-receptor-hek293-cell-membrane-chromatography-with-hplc-esi-it-tof-msn-method
#18
Fen Wei, Qi Hu, Jing Huang, Shengli Han, Sicen Wang
Corydalis Thizoma,or Yuanhu in China, is a common herbal drug used for thousands of years as analgesic in Chinese medicine that has been reported to have potential anti-angiogenic effects. In this study, a VEGFR/cell membrane chromatography (VEGFR/CMC) coupled with HPLC- ESI-IT-TOF-MSn system was developed and successfully applied for identifying active components from YuanHu extract acting on VEGFR. We identified tetrahydropalmatine and corydaline as bioactive components with VEGFR activity, thus confirming their inhibitory activity on VEGFR engineered HEK293 cell growth by MTT assay...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078340/biocompatible-cus-based-nanoplatforms-for-efficient-photothermal-therapy-and-chemotherapy-in-vivo
#19
Shuwen Peng, Yuanyuan He, Murat Er, Yuanzhi Sheng, Yueqing Gu, Haiyan Chen
Near-infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy (PTT) is a new approach to ablate cancer without affecting normal tissues. A pivotal concern of PPT is to develop photo-responsive agents with high biocompatibility as well as effective photothermal conversion efficiency. Copper sulfide (CuS) nanoparticles prepared are characterized by their low synthesis cost, wide NIR absorption range, good biocompatibility and favorable NIR photothermal conversion efficiency. CuS nanoparticles were then coated with mesoporous silicon dioxide (SiO2) by the Stober method, and further loaded with anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX)...
January 12, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056342/pathway-and-cell-specific-kappa-opioid-receptor-modulation-of-excitation-inhibition-balance-differentially%C3%A2-gates-d1-and-d2-accumbens-neuron-activity
#20
Hugo A Tejeda, Jocelyn Wu, Alana R Kornspun, Marco Pignatelli, Vadim Kashtelyan, Michael J Krashes, Brad B Lowell, William A Carlezon, Antonello Bonci
Endogenous dynorphin signaling via the kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) powerfully mediates negative affective states and stress reactivity. Excitatory inputs from the hippocampus and amygdala play a fundamental role in shaping the activity of both NAcc D1 and D2 MSNs, which encode positive and negative motivational valences, respectively. However, a circuit-based mechanism by which KOR modulation of excitation-inhibition balance modifies D1 and D2 MSN activity is lacking. Here, we provide a comprehensive synaptic framework wherein presynaptic KOR inhibition decreases the excitatory drive of D1 MSN activity by the amygdala, but not the hippocampus...
January 4, 2017: Neuron
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