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Erick Yu, Allison Lo, Linda Jiang, Bradley Petkus, Nazar Ileri Ercan, Pieter Stroeve
Novel pore-expanded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with pore sizes of approximately 11nm were synthesized and modified with thermoresponsive, poly(n-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) gating groups on the nanoparticle exterior surface and in addition with poly(ethylene-glycol) (PEG) within the porous interior to minimize protein adsorption. PEG traditionally has been grafted to the nanoparticle exterior to minimize non-specific binding and interactions with the biological environment, but due to the templating mechanism of MSN synthesis, both the pore interior and nanoparticle surface can be separately modified...
October 17, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Zhihai Zheng, Zeng-Zhen Hu, Michelle L'Heureux
The most predictable components of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) evolution in real-time multi-model predictions are identified by applying an empirical orthogonal function analysis of the model data that maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio (MSN EOF). The normalized Niño3.4 index is analyzed for nine 3-month overlapping seasons. In this sense, the first most predictable component (MSN EOF1) is the decaying phase of ENSO during the Northern Hemisphere spring, followed by persistence through autumn and winter...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tao Li, Xiufen Chen, Yajun Liu, Lulu Fan, Liqing Lin, Yu Xu, Sijia Chen, Jingwei Shao
Ursolic acid (UA) as a nature product exhibits good anti-cancer activity, low toxicity, and good liver protection features. However, the low-solubility and poor bioavailability restrict its further clinical application. To overcome this problem, a pH-sensitive prodrug delivery system (UA@MSN-UA) that incorporated acid-sensitive linkage between drug and silica-based mesoporous nanosphere (MSN) was successfully designed and synthesized. The physicochemical properties of the UA@MSN-UA nanoparticles were investigated for shape, particle size, zeta potential, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and infrared (IR) spectroscopy...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Norihiro Mizoshita, Hiromitsu Tanaka
Antireflection (AR) coating for transparent plastic substrates is constructed by partially embedding mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) onto the surface of the substrates. Simulation of optical properties of polymer substrates coated with a single-particle MSN layer indicates that the surface has a low and graded refractive index in the direction of the thickness and effectively decreases the reflectance of visible light. The MSN-coated surfaces can be prepared by exposure of the MSN-painted substrates to a solvent vapor, irrespective of the shape of the polymer substrates...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Adrienne Schleisman
I would like to thank Marcia Gruber-Page, MSN, MS, RN, for highlighting the value of mentorships for the profession of nursing (Gruber-Page, 2016). As she emphasized, mentorships in the workplace contribute to the professional success of the mentor and mentee. Another population that is in need of sound guidance during a critical stage of professional development is undergraduate student nurses. 
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Julian A Michely, Sascha K Manier, Achim T Caspar, Simon D Brandt, Jason Wallach, Hans H Maurer
3-Methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP) and 3-methoxyrolicyclidine (3-MeO-PCPy) are two new psychoactive substances (NPS). The aims of the present study were the elucidation of their metabolic fate in rat and pooled human liver microsomes (pHLM), the identification of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes involved, and the detectability using standard urine screening approaches (SUSA) after intake of common users' doses using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), liquid chromatography-multi-stage mass spectrometry (LC-MSn), and liquid chromatography-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HR-MS/MS)...
October 18, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Christopher S Medina, Octavian Biris, Tomas L Falzone, Xiaowei Zhang, Amber J Zimmerman, Elaine L Bearer
Microtubule-based motors carry cargo back and forth between the synaptic region and the cell body. Defects in axonal transport result in peripheral neuropathies, some of which are caused by mutations in KIF5A, a gene encoding one of the heavy chain isoforms of conventional kinesin-1. Some mutations in KIF5A also cause severe central nervous system defects in humans. While transport dynamics in the peripheral nervous system have been well characterized experimentally, transport in the central nervous system is less experimentally accessible and until now not well described...
October 14, 2016: NeuroImage
Mingzhen Zhang, Changlong Xu, Liuqing Wen, Moon Kwon Han, Bo Xiao, Jun Zhou, Yuchen Zhang, Zhan Zhang, Emilie Viennois, Didier Merlin
The ability of nanoparticles to target tumors and to enable site-specific drug release provides a unique system for the delivery of effective therapy with reduced toxic side effects. In this study, we used mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) to fabricate a targeted drug delivery system that is responsive to hyaluronidase (HAase). Following engraftment of desthiobiotin onto the surface of MSN, a streptavidin complex was generated which was functionalized with biotin-modified hyaluronic acid (HA) to enable controlled drug release at cancer cells expressing HAase...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Research
Vineet Behera, Msn Murty, A Jairam, R Ramasethu, P Panda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Chandran Murugan, Kathirvel Rayappan, Ramar Thangam, Ramasamy Bhanumathi, Krishnamurthy Shanthi, Raju Vivek, Ramasamy Thirumurugan, Atanu Bhattacharyya, Srinivasan Sivasubramanian, Palani Gunasekaran, Soundarapandian Kannan
Combination therapy of multiple drugs through a single system is exhibiting high therapeutic effects. We investigate nanocarrier mediated inhibitory effects of topotecan (TPT) and quercetin (QT) on triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) (MDA-MB-231) and multi drug resistant (MDR) type breast cancer cells (MCF-7) with respect to cellular uptake efficiency and therapeutic mechanisms as in vitro and in vivo. The synthesized mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) pores used for loading TPT; the outer of the nanoparticles was decorated with poly (acrylic acid) (PAA)-Chitosan (CS) as anionic inner-cationic outer layer respectively and conjugated with QT...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dong Xiao, Jing-Jing Hu, Jing-Yi Zhu, Shi-Bo Wang, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Xian-Zheng Zhang
In this study, we report a novel redox-responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)-based nanocarrier, capping with a therapeutic peptide ((RGDWWW)2KC) containing a RGD target motif, for tumor targeting synergistic therapy, which is designated as TTSTMSN. The MSN was decorated with a tumor-targeting therapeutic peptide as a potential gatekeeper. The two branched peptides containing rich tryptophans allowed the pores to be blocked via π-π stacking and hydrophobic interactions. Once the drug loaded nanoparticles were taken up by the cancer cells through integrin-mediated endocytosis, the therapeutic peptide capping shells on the surface of MSNs were released, inducing the loaded drug to diffuse into the cytoplasm after breaking of the disulfide bonds, triggered by the high concentration of glutathione (GSH) in cancer cells...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Yongsheng Xiao, Malgorzata Monika Vecchi, Dingyi Wen
Despite the great success of mass spectrometry (MS) for de novo protein sequencing, Leu and Ile have been generally considered to be indistinguishable by MS because their molecular masses are exactly the same. Positioning of incorrect Leu/Ile residues in variable domains, especially in CDRs (complementarity determining regions) of an antibody, may result in substantial loss of antigen binding affinity and specificity of the antibody. Here, we describe an integrated LC-MS based strategy, encompassing a combination of HCD (high-energy collisional dissociation) multistage mass spectrometric analysis (HCD-MSn) and ETD (electron transfer dissociation)-HCD MS3 analysis using an Orbitrap Fusion mass spectrometer, to reliably identify Leu and Ile residues in proteins and peptides...
October 5, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Allison M Keeler, Ellen Sapp, Kathryn Chase, Emily Sottosanti, Eric Danielson, Edith Pfister, Lorelei Stoica, Marian DiFiglia, Neil Aronin, Miguel Sena-Esteves
BACKGROUND: The genetic mutation in Huntington's disease (HD) is a CAG repeat expansion in the coding region of the huntingtin (Htt) gene. RNAi strategies have proven effective in substantially down-regulating Htt mRNA in the striatum through delivery of siRNAs or viral vectors based on whole tissue assays, but the extent of htt mRNA lowering in individual neurons is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Here we characterize the effect of an AAV9-GFP-miRHtt vector on Htt mRNA levels in striatal neurons of Q140/Q140 knock-in mice...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Huntington's Disease
Joong-Hyun Kim, Tae-Hyun Kim, Min Sil Kang, Hae-Won Kim
Vascularization is a key issue for the success of tissue engineering to repair damaged tissue. In this study, we report a composite scaffold delivering angiogenic factor for this purpose. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was loaded on mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN), which was then incorporated within a type I collagen sponge, to produce collagen/MSN/VEGF (CMV) scaffold. The CMV composite scaffold could release VEGF sustainably over the test period of 28 days. The release of VEGF improved the cell proliferation...
2016: BioMed Research International
Geetika Kharkwal, Daniela Radl, Robert Lewis, Emiliana Borrelli
The psychomotor effects of cocaine are mediated by dopamine (DA) through stimulation of striatal circuits. Gabaergic striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs) are the only output of this pivotal structure in the control of movements. The majority of MSNs express either the DA D1 or D2 receptors (D1R, D2R). Studies have shown that the motor effect of cocaine depends on the DA-mediated stimulation of D1R-expressing MSNs (dMSNs), which is mirrored at the cellular level by stimulation of signaling pathways leading to phosphorylation of ERKs and induction of c-fos Nevertheless, activation of dMSNs by cocaine is necessary but not sufficient, and D2R signaling is required for the behavioral and cellular effects of cocaine...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jung-Hwan Lee, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Jeong-Ki Jo, Dong-Ae Kim, Si-Chul Kim, Soo-Kyung Jun, Hae-Won Kim, Hae-Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) used as removable denture bases or orthodontic appliances has relatively poor antimicrobial properties, which accelerate oral infection and induce unfavorable odors. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been highlighted as a potential additive to overcome this issue because of their drug-loading capacity. Here, we present the long-term antimicrobial effect of MSN-incorporated PMMA with drug-loading capacity. METHODS: After the MSNs were characterized, MSN incorporation into chemically activated PMMA (0...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Michael A Carter, Dwayne Accardo, Thomas Cooper, Patricia Cowan, Wendy Likes, Donna Lynch-Smith, Laura Melaro
BACKGROUND: Many changes have occurred in DNP programs since they first began. University of Tennessee Health Science Center began the practice doctoral program in 1999 and today enrolls over 100 new baccalaureate nursing (BSN)-to-Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students each year. More than 500 DNPs have graduated to date. METHOD: A review of the history and challenges of this program are presented as a potential exemplar for other programs to consider. RESULTS: Several changes have taken place, including a shift from Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)-to-DNP programs to almost all BSN-to-DNP programs, a new appreciation for writing skills, and movement away from a separate DNP project...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Meaghan Creed, Niels R Ntamati, Ramesh Chandra, Mary Kay Lobo, Christian Lüscher
Addiction is a disorder of behavioral symptoms including enhanced incentive salience of drug-associated cues, but also a negative affective state. Cocaine-evoked synaptic plasticity in the reward system, particularly the nucleus accumbens (NAc), drives drug-adaptive behavior. However, how information is integrated downstream of the NAc remains unclear. Here, we identify the ventral pallidum (VP) as a site of convergence of medium spiny neurons expressing dopamine (DA) receptor type 1 (D1-MSNs) and type 2 (D2-MSNs) of the NAc...
October 5, 2016: Neuron
Jing Ren, Bing-Bo Gao, Hai-Mei Fan, Zhi-Hong Zhang, Yao Zhang, Jin-Feng Wang
Reliable assessment of water quality is a critical issue for estuaries. Nutrient concentrations show significant spatial distinctions between areas under the influence of fresh-sea water interaction and anthropogenic effects. For this situation, given the limitations of general mean estimation approaches, a new method for surfaces with non-homogeneity (MSN) was applied to obtain optimized linear unbiased estimations of the mean nutrient concentrations in the study area in the Yangtze estuary from 2011 to 2013...
September 21, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Jianwen Zhao, Fengfeng Zhao, Xiyong Wang, Xiaobo Fan, Guoqiu Wu
A novel multifunctional nano-drug delivery system based on reversal of peptide charge was successfully developed for anticancer drug delivery and imaging. Mesoporous silica nano-particles (MSN) ~50 nm in diameter were chosen as the drug reservoirs, and their surfaces were modified with HIV-1 transactivator peptide-fluorescein isothiocyanate (TAT-FITC) and YSA-BHQ1. The short TAT peptide labeled with FITC was used to facilitate intranuclear delivery, while the YSA peptide tagged with the BHQ1 quencher group was used to specifically bind to the tumor EphA2 membrane receptor...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
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