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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220322/serious-fungal-infections-in-the-philippines
#1
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219582/a-study-on-the-directed-living-non-related-donor-kidney-transplantation-submitted-to-the-hospital-transplant-ethics-committee-at-the-national-kidney-and-transplant-institute
#2
G Suguitan, M-H I Arakama, R Danguilan
BACKGROUND: In the latter part of 2009, the Department of Health of the Philippines prohibited kidney transplantation with non-related kidney donors. Hence, the National Kidney and Transplant Institute created a Hospital Transplant Ethics Committee. This study describes directed non-related kidney donation at the National Kidney and Transplant Institute. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed the profiles of recipients and directed living non-related kidney transplant donors submitted to the Hospital Transplant Ethics Committee...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212676/genetic-diversity-and-selection-of-three-nuclear-genes-in-schistosoma-japonicum-populations
#3
Yaqi Li, Mingbo Yin, Qunfeng Wu, Donald P McManus, David Blair, Hongyan Li, Bin Xu, Xiaojin Mo, Zheng Feng, Wei Hu
BACKGROUND: The blood fluke, Schistosoma japonicum still causes severe disease in China, the Philippines and Indonesia. Although there have been some studies the molecular epidemiology of this persistent and harmful parasite, few have explored the possibility and implications of selection in S. japonicum populations. METHODS: We analyzed diversity and looked for evidence of selection at three nuclear genes (SjIpp2, SjFabp and SjT22.6) in 13 S. japonicum populations...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202483/clinical-management-of-electrical-burns-in-the-developing-world-a-case-of-electrical-burn-injury-left-untreated-leading-to-amputation
#4
Marcus Choong, Delia Chy, Jerric R Guevarra, Allen Ross
We discuss the case of a 26-year-old male patient from Northern Samar, the Philippines who was left without essential health services after the amputation of all four limbs following a high voltage (20 000 volts) injury in Metro Manila in 2011. Local health services in the developing world are faced with enormous challenges in providing first-line care for burn patients. The cost of maintaining a burn unit, finding suitable qualified staff, and appropriate referral mechanisms are only some of the challenges faced...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202159/positive-and-negative-contact-and-attitudes-towards-the-religious-out-group-testing-the-contact-hypothesis-in-conflict-and-non-conflict-regions-of-indonesia-and-the-philippines
#5
Agnieszka Kanas, Peer Scheepers, Carl Sterkens
This study examines the relationship between interreligious contact and negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. It uses unique survey data collected by the authors among Christian and Muslim students in Maluku and Yogyakarta (Indonesia) and Mindanao and Metro Manila (the Philippines). Even after taking self-selection effects into account, interreligious friendships reduce negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. However, casual interreligious contact increases negative out-group attitudes...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199413/low-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-northwest-region-of-the-philippines
#6
Pia Marie Albano, Dana Holzinger, Christianne Salvador, Jose Orosa, Sheryl Racelis, Modesty Leaño, Danilo Sanchez, Lara Mae Angeles, Gordana Halec, Markus Schmitt, John Donnie Ramos, Michael Pawlita
BACKGROUND: Geographic heterogeneity of human papillomavirus (HPV) involvement in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been observed over the last few years. This trend has not been evaluated in the Philippines. Hence, this study aims to provide for the first time a data on the prevalence of HPV in HNSCC in the northwestern region of the Philippines. METHODS: Two hundred one (201) biopsy samples (179 formalin fixed paraffin embedded and 22 fresh frozen) from 163 Filipino HNSCC cases (oral cavity = 88; larynx = 60; oropharynx = 15) diagnosed between 2003 to 2013 were initially included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198645/three-decades-of-dengue-surveillance-in-five-highly-endemic-south-east-asian-countries
#7
T A Wartel, A Prayitno, S R S Hadinegoro, M R Capeding, U Thisyakorn, N H Tran, A Moureau, A Bouckenooghe, J Nealon, A-F Taurel
We described and quantified epidemiologic trends in dengue disease burden in 5 Asian countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam) and identified and estimated outbreaks impact over the last 3 decades. Dengue surveillance data from 1980 to 2010 were retrieved from DengueNet and from World Health Organization sources. Trends in incidence, mortality, and case fatality rate (CFR) were systematically analyzed using annual average percent change (AAPC), and the contribution of epidemic years identified over the observation period was quantified...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198083/syntrophobacteraceae-affiliated-species-are-major-propionate-degrading-sulfate-reducers-in-paddy-soil
#8
Pengfei Liu, Ralf Conrad
Methane is an important greenhouse gas and propionate is next to acetate the main intermediate (average 23%) of the carbon flow to CH4 in paddy fields. Sulfate (e.g., gypsum) application can reduce CH4 emissions up to 70%. However, the effect of gypsum application on propionate degradation and the microbial communities involved are not well understood. Therefore, we studied propionate-dependent sulfate reduction in anoxic microcosms of paddy soils from Italy and the Philippines, combining 16S rRNA and dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dsrB) gene profiling and co-occurrence network analysis...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194318/cropping-system-diversification-for-food-production-in-mindanao-rubber-plantations-a-rice-cultivar-mixture-and-rice-intercropped-with-mungbean
#9
Rosa Fe Hondrade, Edwin Hondrade, Lianqing Zheng, Francisco Elazegui, Jo-Anne Lynne Joy E Duque, Christopher C Mundt, Casiana M Vera Cruz, Karen A Garrett
Including food production in non-food systems, such as rubber plantations and biofuel or bioenergy crops, may contribute to household food security. We evaluated the potential for planting rice, mungbean, rice cultivar mixtures, and rice intercropped with mungbean in young rubber plantations in experiments in the Arakan Valley of Mindanao in the Philippines. Rice mixtures consisted of two- or three-row strips of cultivar Dinorado, a cultivar with higher value but lower yield, and high-yielding cultivar UPL Ri-5...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193820/functional-preservation-and-variation-in-the-cone-opsin-genes-of-nocturnal-tarsiers
#10
Gillian L Moritz, Perry S Ong, George H Perry, Nathaniel J Dominy
The short-wavelength sensitive (S-) opsin gene OPN1SW is pseudogenized in some nocturnal primates and retained in others, enabling dichromatic colour vision. Debate on the functional significance of this variation has focused on dark conditions, yet many nocturnal species initiate activity under dim (mesopic) light levels that can support colour vision. Tarsiers are nocturnal, twilight-active primates and exemplary visual predators; they also express different colour vision phenotypes, raising the possibility of discrete adaptations to mesopic conditions...
April 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187681/revision-and-cladistic-analysis-of-the-southeast-asian-leaf-dwelling-spider-genus-i-calapnita-i-simon-araneae-pholcidae
#11
Bernhard A Huber
The Southeast Asian pholcid genus Calapnita Simon, 1892 is revised, with descriptions of 17 new species, five of them in the phyllicola group (Borneo: C. lehi, C. kubah, C. bidayuh, C. bankirai; Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java: C. anai), 12 in the vermiformis group (Borneo: C. bario, C. bariengi, C. magaseng, C. dayak, C. lawangan, C. loksado; Sulawesi: C. bugis; Philippines: C. bohol, C. dinagat, C. mae, C. nunezae, C. maragusan). New records are listed for six of the eight previously described species. A morphological cladistic analysis supports the monophyly of Calapnita and of its two previously proposed species groups and presents several new phylogenetically informative characters...
January 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187644/conidae-and-terebridae-gastropoda-neogastropoda-from-the-plio-pleistocene-of-the-philippines
#12
Enate A Helwerda
Six species of Conidae and seven species of Terebridae are reported from the Plio-Pleistocene "Cabarruyan" fauna of Pangasinan, the Philippines. Eleven species are identified; these species all occur in the Recent Indo-Pacific fauna and seven of these are previously known from the fossil record as well. The species composition of this fauna shows little overlap with other fossil assemblages, except with the Fijian fossil assemblage. This is attributed to a lack of knowledge on Indo-pacific fossil faunas as well as to the relatively deep water setting (200-300 m) of this fauna...
January 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#13
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187607/a-new-deep-water-species-of-i-alpheopsis-i-couti%C3%A3-re-1897-from-the-indo-west-pacific-decapoda-alpheidae
#14
Arthur Anker
Alpheopsis keijii sp. nov. is described on the basis of material collected between 90 and 487 m in Japan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Réunion Island. The new species belongs to the A. trispinosa species group and is morphologically closest to A. trispinosa (Stimpson, 1860), A. garricki Yaldwyn, 1971, A. shearmii (Alcock & Anderson, 1899), and especially A. africana Holthuis, 1952. Field data indicates that A. keijii sp. nov. may be associated with deep-water sponge grounds. A provisional key to the currently known species of the A...
January 30, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187572/new-species-and-new-records-of-linyphiid-spiders-from-the-indo-malayan-region-araneae-linyphiidae
#15
Andrei V Tanasevitch
Linyphiid spiders collected from the Indo-Malayan Region and kept at three European Museums are studied. Twenty-three known species are newly recorded from continental or insular parts of Southeastern Asia and from the Oriental area of India. Seven new species are described: Asiagone komannai n. sp. (from Thailand), Erigone apophysalis n. sp. and E. sumatrana n. sp. (Sumatra, Indonesia), Gnathonarium luzon n. sp. (Philippines), Ketambea acuta n. sp. (Thailand, Myanmar), Oedothorax myanmar n. sp. (Myanmar) and Theoa malaya n...
February 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187555/new-species-and-records-of-ptyctimous-mites-acari-oribatida-from-the-philippines
#16
Wojciech Niedbała, Sergey G Ermilov
A list of identified oribatid ptyctimous mites from the Philippine Islands Luzon, Mindanao, Polillo and Samar Islands, including 16 species, 10 genera and 5 families, is provided. The genus Mesotritia and species Atropacarus (Atropacarus) griseus (Niedbała, 1984), A. (Atropacarus) striculus (C. L. Koch, 1835) and A. (Hoplophorella) stilifer (Hammer, 1961) are recorded for the Philippine fauna for the first time. Two new species, Mesotritia paraflagelliformis Niedbała sp. nov. (Oribotritiidae) and Plonaphacarus leonilae Niedbała sp...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187539/a-revision-of-the-species-of-i-evaza-i-walker-described-by-j-c-h-de-meijere%C3%A2-diptera-stratiomyidae-pachygastrinae
#17
Rudolf Rozkošný, Jaromír Vaňhara
Six Oriental species of Evaza Walker, 1856 were described by J.C.H. de Meijere in the period between 1911 and 1924. The type specimens are now deposited in the Museum Naturalis (Leiden). All species were redescribed, photographed and their diagnostic characters were defined. Male terminalia of five species with known males were illustrated in detail. The revised species were compared with recently described new species from Oriental China. Additional material belonging to the revised species was recorded for the first time from the following countries: Evaza demeijerei Brunetti, 1923 (= E...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187247/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antibiotic-sharing-in-the-philippines-antibiotic-misconceptions-and-community-level-access-to-nonmedical-sources-of-antibiotics
#18
Daniel Barber, Efren Casquejo, Purita L Ybañez, Magdaleno T Pinote, Luz Casquejo, Lucia S Pinote, Magdalena Estorgio, April M Young
OBJECTIVE: To identify sociodemographic, knowledge, and attitudinal correlates to antibiotic-sharing among a community-based sample of adults (age 18 and older) in a low-income setting of the Philippines and to explore community-level data on informal antibiotic distribution in roadside stands (i.e., sari-sari stands). METHODS: Participants (n=307) completed self-administered surveys. Correlates to antibiotic sharing were assessed using logistic regression with Firth's bias-adjusted estimates...
February 10, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167555/global-molecular-epidemiology-of-imp-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#19
Yasufumi Matsumura, Gisele Peirano, Mary R Motyl, Mark D Adams, Liang Chen, Barry Kreiswirth, Rebekah DeVinney, Johann D D Pitout
International data on the molecular epidemiology of Enterobacteriaceae with IMP carbapenemases are lacking. We performed short read (Illumina) whole genomic sequencing on a global collection of 38 IMP-producing clinical Enterobacteriaceae (2008-14). IMP-producing Enterobacteriaceae (7 varieties within 11 class 1 integrons) were mainly present in South Pacific and Asia. Specific blaIMP containing integrons (In809 with blaIMP-4, In722 with blaIMP-6, In687 with blaIMP-14) were circulating among different bacteria in countries such as Australia, Japan and Thailand...
February 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158229/prenatal-care-and-child-growth-and-schooling-in-four-low-and-medium-income-countries
#20
Xiaoying Liu, Jere R Behrman, Aryeh D Stein, Linda S Adair, Santosh K Bhargava, Judith B Borja, Mariangela Freitas da Silveira, Bernardo L Horta, Reynaldo Martorell, Shane A Norris, Linda M Richter, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of prenatal care for improving birth and subsequent child outcomes in low-income countries remains controversial, with much of the evidence to date coming from high-income countries and focused on early-life outcomes. We examined associations between prenatal care visits and birth weight, height-for-age at 24 months and attained schooling in four low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We pooled data from prospective birth-cohort studies from Brazil, Guatemala, Philippines and South Africa...
2017: PloS One
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