keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Philippines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#1
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450709/biofilm-formation-and-potential-for-iron-cycling-in-serpentinization-influenced-groundwater-of-the-zambales-and-coast-range-ophiolites
#2
D'Arcy R Meyer-Dombard, Caitlin P Casar, Alexander G Simon, Dawn Cardace, Matthew O Schrenk, Carlo A Arcilla
Terrestrial serpentinizing systems harbor microbial subsurface life. Passive or active microbially mediated iron transformations at alkaline conditions in deep biosphere serpentinizing ecosystems are understudied. We explore these processes in the Zambales (Philippines) and Coast Range (CA, USA) ophiolites, and associated surface ecosystems by probing the relevance of samples acquired at the surface to in situ, subsurface ecosystems, and the nature of microbe-mineral associations in the subsurface. In this pilot study, we use microcosm experiments and batch culturing directed at iron redox transformations to confirm thermodynamically based predictions that iron transformations may be important in subsurface serpentinizing ecosystems...
February 15, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446034/molecular-genetic-diversity-of-gongylonema-neoplasticum-fibiger-ditlevsen-1914-spirurida-gongylonematidae-from-rodents-in-southeast-asia
#3
Aogu Setsuda, Alexis Ribas, Kittipong Chaisiri, Serge Morand, Monidarin Chou, Fidelino Malbas, Muchammad Yunus, Hiroshi Sato
More than a dozen Gongylonema spp. (Spirurida: Spiruroidea: Gongylonematidae) have been described from a variety of rodent hosts worldwide. Gongylonema neoplasticum (Fibiger & Ditlevsen, 1914), which dwells in the gastric mucosa of rats such as Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout) and Rattus rattus (Linnaeus), is currently regarded as a cosmopolitan nematode in accordance with global dispersion of its definitive hosts beyond Asia. To facilitate the reliable specific differentiation of local rodent Gongylonema spp...
February 14, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444771/consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-cancer-risk-results-from-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-prospective-cohort
#4
Thibault Fiolet, Bernard Srour, Laury Sellem, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Caroline Méjean, Mélanie Deschasaux, Philippine Fassier, Paule Latino-Martel, Marie Beslay, Serge Hercberg, Céline Lavalette, Carlos A Monteiro, Chantal Julia, Mathilde Touvier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective associations between consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cancer. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 104 980 participants aged at least 18 years (median age 42.8 years) from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-17). Dietary intakes were collected using repeated 24 hour dietary records, designed to register participants' usual consumption for 3300 different food items...
February 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441576/barleria-cristata-perspective-towards-phytopharmacological-aspects
#5
REVIEW
Harish Kumar, Rohini Agrawal, Vipin Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Barleria cristata (Family: Acanthaceae), commonly known as Philippine violet, is used in different ethnomedical systems for the treatment of a wide range of ailments. This review aimed to provide a scientific overview of B. cristata with reference to its ethnobotanical aspects, geographical distribution, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activity, and critical analyses research gaps and future research opportunities for investigations on this plant. KEY FINDINGS: Ethnomedical uses of the plant have been observed in lungs disorders, inflammatory conditions, toothache, anaemia, snake bite, diabetes and tuberculosis...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434532/reflections-on-the-ethics-of-participatory-visual-methods-to-engage-communities-in-global-health-research
#6
Gillian F Black, Alun Davies, Dalia Iskander, Mary Chambers
There is a growing body of literature describing conceptual frameworks for working with participatory visual methods (PVM). Through a global health lens, this paper examines some key themes within these frameworks. We reflect on our experiences of working with with an array of PVM to engage community members in Vietnam, Kenya, the Philippines and South Africa in biomedical research and public health. The participants that we have engaged in these processes live in under-resourced areas with high prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases...
2018: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427490/how-to-control-highly-endemic-hepatitis-b-in-asia
#7
REVIEW
Shan Shan, Fuqian Cui, Jidong Jia
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an enormous economic and social burden. Asian countries such as Vietnam, Mongolia, Laos, China, the Philippines, South Korea, Singapore and Cambodia have high or high-intermediate HBsAg prevalence. Most of the chronic HBV carriers in this region acquire their infection during early childhood or through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Asia has been highly successful in controlling HBV in the last 2 decades. For example, China has adopted a comprehensive strategy to control HBV and has offered universal HBV vaccination to infants since 1992...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426243/external-auditory-canal-dimensions-age-and-cerumen-retention-or-impaction-in-persons-with-down-syndrome
#8
Alexander Edward S Dy, José Florencio F Lapeña
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between age, external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions, and cerumen retention/impaction among persons with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated EAC dimensions, cerumen retention/impaction, and middle ear status with pneumatoscopy after extraction in 130 persons with DS. Descriptive and inferential statistics correlated age, presence of impacted/retained cerumen, and EAC diameter. RESULTS: Of 260 ears in 67 males and 63 females with average age of 9...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425132/preliminary-investigation-of-species-diversity-of-rice-hopper-parasitoids-in-southeast-asia
#9
Christina Sann, Franziska Wemheuer, Alexis Beaurepaire, Rolf Daniel, Silvio Erler, Stefan Vidal
Ongoing intensification of rice production systems in Southeast Asia is causing devastating yield losses each year due to rice hoppers. Their continuing development of immunity to resistant rice varieties and pesticide applications further complicates this problem. Hence, there is a high demand for biological control agents of rice hoppers. Egg parasitoid wasps are among the most important natural enemies of rice hoppers, such as Nilaparvata lugens and Nephotettix spp. However, our knowledge of their diversity is still very limited, due to their small size and the lack of available morphological information...
February 9, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424340/cavisoma-magnum-cavisomidae-a-unique-pacific-acanthocephalan-redescribed-from-an-unusual-host-mugil-cephalus-mugilidae-in-the-arabian-gulf-with-notes-on-histopathology-and-metal-analysis
#10
Omar M Amin, Richard A Heckmann, Majid A Bannai
Cavisoma magnum (Southwell, 1927) Van Cleave, 1931 was originally described from a sea bass, Serranus sp. and spotted surgeonfish, Ctenochaetus strigosus (Perciformes) off Sri Lanka before its more recent redescription from milkfish in the Philippines in 1995. These reports were based on only light infections of their host fishes. Of the few flathead grey mullets, Mugil cephalus (Mugilidae), that we examined in the Arabian Gulf, one fish was infected with 1,450 worms. One milkfish, Chanos chanos (Chanidae), from the same location in the Arabian Gulf, was also heavily infected with specimens of C...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422159/factors-influencing-turnover-intention-among-registered-nurses-in-samar-philippines
#11
Leodoro J Labrague, Donna Gloe, Denise M McEnroe, Kostas Konstantinos, Paolo Colet
OBJECTIVE: Despite the massive nurse migration and turnover of nurses in the Philippines, there remains a lack of studies describing factors influencing the migration of Filipino nurses. This study explored the effects of nurses' characteristics, work satisfaction, and work stress with the intent to leave an organization among registered nurses in the Philippines. METHODS: This study utilized a descriptive, cross-sectional approach. One hundred sixty six (166) nurses participated in the study during the months of September 2015 to December 2015...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415427/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-five-year-red-collar-campaign-to-end-inhumane-culling-of-dogs-as-a-method-of-rabies-control
#12
Elly Hiby, Lou Tasker
Dog-mediated human rabies can be eliminated through mass dog vaccination. Despite leading authorities in human and animal health uniting to advance effective and humane rabies control, some governments resort to lethal methods, which are unethical, often inhumane and ineffective. To end the inhumane culling of dogs in response to rabies, World Animal Protection launched 'Red Collar'; a five-year campaign (2011-2016) that worked with governments to promote the implementation of mass dog vaccination for rabies control...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407656/mathematical-model-and-intervention-strategies-for-mitigating-tuberculosis-in-the-philippines
#13
Soyoung Kim, Aurelio A de Los Reyes, Eunok Jung
Tuberculosis (TB) is the sixth leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Although significant progress has been made in the detection and cure of TB under the Directly Observed Treatment Short Course, battling against the disease is still a burdensome task. It demands a concerted effort for specific and effective interventions. In this work, a mathematical TB model fitted to the Philippine data is developed to understand its transmission dynamics. Different control strategies such as distancing, latent case finding, case holding, active case finding controls, and combinations thereof are investigated within the framework of optimal control theory...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405107/zika-virus-infection-in-syrian-golden-hamsters-and-strain-13-guinea-pigs
#14
Lynn J Miller, Farooq Nasar, Christopher W Schellhase, Sarah L Norris, Adrienne E Kimmel, Stephanie M Valdez, Suzanne E Wollen-Roberts, Joshua D Shamblin, Thomas R Sprague, Luis A Lugo-Roman, Richard G Jarman, In-Kyu Yoon, Maria T Alera, Sina Bavari, M Louise M Pitt, Andrew D Haddow
To evaluate potential immunocompetent small animal models of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, we inoculated Syrian golden hamsters (subcutaneously or intraperitoneally) and strain 13 guinea pigs (intraperitoneally) with Senegalese ZIKV strain ArD 41525 or Philippines ZIKV strain CPC-0740. We did not detect viremia in hamsters inoculated subcutaneously with either virus strain, although some hamsters developed virus neutralizing antibodies. However, we detected statistically significant higher viremias (P = 0.0285) and a higher median neutralization titer (P = 0...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404214/gene-based-association-study-for-lipid-traits-in-diverse-cohorts-implicates-bace1-and-sidt2-regulation-in-triglyceride-levels
#15
Angela Andaleon, Lauren S Mogil, Heather E Wheeler
Plasma lipid levels are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death worldwide. While many studies have been conducted on lipid genetics, they mainly focus on Europeans and thus their transferability to diverse populations is unclear. We performed SNP- and gene-level genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of four lipid traits in cohorts from Nigeria and the Philippines and compared them to the results of larger, predominantly European meta-analyses. Two previously implicated loci met genome-wide significance in our SNP-level GWAS in the Nigerian cohort, rs34065661 in CETP associated with HDL cholesterol (P = 9...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403101/praziquantel-for-the-treatment-of-schistosomiasis-during-human-pregnancy
#16
Jennifer F Friedman, Remigio M Olveda, Mark H Mirochnick, Amaya L Bustinduy, Alison M Elliott
In 2014, an estimated 40 million women of reproductive age were infected with Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum and/or S. mansoni. In both 2003 and 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that all schistosome-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women be offered treatment, with praziquantel, either individually or during treatment campaigns. In 2006, WHO also stated the need for randomized controlled trials to assess the safety and efficacy of such treatment. Some countries have yet to follow the recommendation on treatment and many programme managers and pregnant women in other countries remain reluctant to follow the recommended approach...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394382/a-summary-of-the-imported-cases-of-chikungunya-fever-in-japan-from-2006-to-june-2016
#17
Eri Nakayama, Shigeru Tajima, Akira Kotaki, Ken-Ichi Shibasaki, Kentaro Itokawa, Kengo Kato, Akifumi Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Makoto Kuroda, Takashi Tomita, Masayuki Saijo, Tomohiko Takasaki
Background: Due to the huge 2-way human traffic between Japan and Chikungunya (CHIK) fever-endemic regions, 89 imported cases of CHIK fever were confirmed in Japan from January 2006 to June 2016. Fifty-four of 89 cases were confirmed virologically and serologically at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japan and we present the demographic profiles of the patients and the phylogenetic features of 14 CHIK virus (CHIKV) isolates. Methods: Patients were diagnosed with CHIK fever by a combination of virus isolation, viral RNA amplification, IgM antibody-, IgG antibody-, and/or neutralizing antibody detection...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390336/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-complicated-by-multiorgan-failure-a-case-report
#18
Federica Lovisari, Valeria Terzi, Monica G Lippi, Paolo R Brioschi, Roberto Fumagalli
RATIONALE: We present a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) with severe pulmonary complication and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) hospitalized in our intensive care unit (ICU) in 2014; distinctive trait of this case has been the challenging diagnosis, with a bone marrow biopsy always negative, the severe pulmonary complication with ARDS and severe pulmonary hypertension, and the ferritin temporal kinetics that precisely followed the clinical course of disease...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387552/effect-of-blumea-balsamifera-extract-on-the-phase-and-morphology-of-calcium-oxalate-crystals
#19
Charlimagne M Montealegre, Rizalinda L De Leon
Objective: Calcium oxalate crystals are found in majority of kidney stones with calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) as one of the primary types of kidney stones. Various methods of treatment exist, including herbal treatment in the Philippines that uses the medicinal herb Blumea balsamifera (B. balsamifera). Methods: The effect of B. balsamifera extract on the morphology of calcium oxalate crystals was studied by light microscopy, image analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381722/mycobacterium-leprae-genomes-from-naturally-infected-nonhuman-primates
#20
Tanvi P Honap, Luz-Andrea Pfister, Genevieve Housman, Sarah Mills, Ross P Tarara, Koichi Suzuki, Frank P Cuozzo, Michelle L Sauther, Michael S Rosenberg, Anne C Stone
Leprosy is caused by the bacterial pathogens Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Apart from humans, animals such as nine-banded armadillos in the Americas and red squirrels in the British Isles are naturally infected with M. leprae. Natural leprosy has also been reported in certain nonhuman primates, but it is not known whether these occurrences are due to incidental infections by human M. leprae strains or by M. leprae strains specific to nonhuman primates. In this study, complete M. leprae genomes from three naturally infected nonhuman primates (a chimpanzee from Sierra Leone, a sooty mangabey from West Africa, and a cynomolgus macaque from The Philippines) were sequenced...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
keyword
keyword
43435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"