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Melissa Wiles, Sonny Agustin, Subasri Narasimhan, Jessica D Gipson
The circumstances surrounding sexual debut influence subsequent sexual and reproductive outcomes. We analysed longitudinal data from 397 women who participated in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey in Cebu, Philippines to examine associations between unwanted first sex and number of pregnancies, unintended pregnancy, and use of modern contraception. 72% of women reported unwanted first sex. Women whose first sex was unwanted had increased odds of unintended pregnancy compared to women whose first sex was wanted (aOR = 2...
April 18, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Ian A Navarrete, Kendric Aaron M Tee, Jewel Racquel S Unson, Arnold V Hallare
Pesticide use in developing countries such as the Philippines has significantly increased food production. However, the improper and poorly regulated practice of pesticide use may lead to pollution of water resources. To detect and assess the extent of pesticide contamination, residues of organochlorine pesticides were tested in surface water and groundwater in selected areas along the Pampanga River, Philippines. The physicochemical properties of the surface water and ground water were also analyzed and results revealed that phosphate concentrations in surface water and groundwater samples were two to three times higher than the regulatory limits of 0...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Thaddeus M Carvajal, Katherine M Viacrusis, Lara Fides T Hernandez, Howell T Ho, Divina M Amalin, Kozo Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Several studies have applied ecological factors such as meteorological variables to develop models and accurately predict the temporal pattern of dengue incidence or occurrence. With the vast amount of studies that investigated this premise, the modeling approaches differ from each study and only use a single statistical technique. It raises the question of whether which technique would be robust and reliable. Hence, our study aims to compare the predictive accuracy of the temporal pattern of Dengue incidence in Metropolitan Manila as influenced by meteorological factors from four modeling techniques, (a) General Additive Modeling, (b) Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average with exogenous variables (c) Random Forest and (d) Gradient Boosting...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Maria Paz Marquez, Maria Midea Kabamalan, Elma Laguna
This study examines recent levels, patterns, and determinants of traditional contraceptive method use, based on pooled data from the 2003, 2008, and 2013 Philippines Demographic and Health Surveys. Most contraceptive users in the Philippines rely on modern methods, but over the past ten years traditional method use has continued to account for about a third of all contraceptive use. Results show women in 2003 and 2008 were more likely to use periodic abstinence (rhythm) over modern methods compared with women in 2013, while withdrawal rather than modern methods was preferred more by women in 2013 than in 2003...
April 17, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
Maarten De Brauwer, Benjamin J Saunders, Rohani Ambo-Rappe, Jamaluddin Jompa, Jennifer L McIlwain, Euan S Harvey
Scuba diving tourism is a sustainable source of income for many coastal communities, but can have negative environmental impacts if not managed effectively. Diving on soft sediment habitats, typically referred to as 'muck diving', is a growing multi-million dollar industry with a strong focus on photographing cryptobenthic fauna. We assessed how the environmental impacts of scuba divers are affected by the activity they are engaged in while diving and the habitat they dive in. To do this, we observed 66 divers on coral reefs and soft sediment habitats in Indonesia and the Philippines...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Susanne Dold, Michael B Zimmermann, Tomislav Jukic, Zvonko Kusic, Qingzhen Jia, Zhongna Sang, Antonio Quirino, Teofilo O L San Luis, Ralph Fingerhut, Roland Kupka, Arnold Timmer, Greg S Garrett, Maria Andersson
Background: Dietary iodine requirements are high during pregnancy, lactation, and infancy, making women and infants vulnerable to iodine deficiency. Universal salt iodization (USI) has been remarkably successful for preventing iodine deficiency in the general population, but it is uncertain if USI provides adequate iodine intakes during the first 1000 d. Objective: We set out to assess if USI provides sufficient dietary iodine to meet the iodine requirements and achieve adequate iodine nutrition in all vulnerable population groups...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Naohiko Matsushita, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yoonhee Kim, Motoi Suzuki, Nobuo Saito, Koya Ariyoshi, Eumelia P Salva, Efren M Dimaano, Jose B Villarama, Winston S Go, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a worldwide bacterial zoonosis. Outbreaks of leptospirosis after heavy rainfall and flooding have been reported. However, few studies have formally quantified the effect of weather factors on leptospirosis incidence. We estimated the association between rainfall and leptospirosis cases in an urban setting in Manila, the Philippines, and examined the potential intermediate role of floods in this association. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Relationships between rainfall and the weekly number of hospital admissions due to leptospirosis from 2001 to 2012 were analyzed using a distributed lag non-linear model in a quasi-Poisson regression framework, controlling for seasonally varying factors other than rainfall...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Arunachalam Dhayalan, Daniel E Gracilla, Renato A Dela Peña, Marilyn T Malison, Christian R Pangilinan
Context: The study investigated the medicinal properties of Spathiphyllum cannifolium (Dryand. ex Sims) Schott as a possible source of antimicrobial compounds. Materials and Methods: The phytochemical constituents were screened using qualitative methods and the antibacterial and antifungal activities were determined using agar well diffusion method. Statistical Analysis: One-way analysis of variance and Fisher's least significant difference test were used...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
David J Mackill, Gurdev S Khush
High-yielding varieties developed in the 1960s and 1970s at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and elsewhere benefited farmers and the public, ultimately increasing yields and reducing the cost of rice to consumers. Most of these varieties, however, did not have the optimum cooking quality that was possessed by many of the traditional varieties they replaced. In 1985, the IRRI-developed indica variety IR64 was released in the Philippines. In addition to its high yield, early maturity and disease resistance, it had excellent cooking quality, matching that of the best varieties available...
April 9, 2018: Rice
M Fatima C Ilagan-Cruzada, Albert Remus R Rosana, Andrew D Montecillo, Noel G Sabino, Ida F Dalmacio
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum strain LB1-2, isolated from the hindgut of European honeybees in the Philippines, is active against Paenibacillus larvae and has broad activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The complete genome sequence reported herein contains gene clusters for multiple bacteriocins and extensive gene inventories for carbohydrate metabolism.
April 5, 2018: Genome Announcements
Marion E Rice, Millicent Bannerman, Mona Marin, Adriana Lopez, Melissa M Lewis, Caroline Stamatakis, Joanna Regan
BACKGROUND: Ships destined for, or departing from, U.S. ports of entry must report certain signs and symptoms of potentially communicable diseases of public health interest among travelers to the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. METHODS: We reviewed ships' varicella case and outbreak reports from January 2010 through December 2015. RESULTS: DGMQ received 967 reports of varicella and 13 reports of herpes zoster...
April 2, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Maria Asuncion A Silvestre, Priya Mannava, Marie Ann Corsino, Donna S Capili, Anthony P Calibo, Cynthia Fernandez Tan, John C S Murray, Jacqueline Kitong, Howard L Sobel
Objective: To determine whether intrapartum and newborn care practices improved in 11 large hospitals between 2008 and 2015. Design: Secondary data analysis of observational assessments conducted in 11 hospitals in 2008 and 2015. Setting: Eleven large government hospitals from five regions in the Philippines. Participants: One hundred and seven randomly sampled postpartum mother-baby pairs in 2008 and 106 randomly sampled postpartum mothers prior to discharge from hospitals after delivery...
March 31, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Laury Sellem, Bernard Srour, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice Pierre, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Thibault Fiolet, Céline Lavalette, Manon Egnell, Paule Latino-Martel, Philippine Fassier, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
PURPOSE: Lipid intakes such as saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids have been widely studied regarding cardiovascular health, but their relevance to cancer is unclear. Inconsistent epidemiological results may be explained by varied mechanisms involving PUFAs and redox balance, inflammatory status and cell signalling, along with interactions with other dietary components such as antioxidants, dietary fibre and more generally fruits and vegetable intakes...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Angeli Guadalupe, Akihiko Ozaki, Tetsuya Tanimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
Charlie E Labarda, Christian S Chan
Sleep disturbances and their relation with posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress were examined after the 2013 Super Typhoon Haiyan. Sleep disturbances were hypothesized to be associated with posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress in two samples of survivors across two time points (N = 361) in the Philippines. Sample 1 (n = 223) and Sample 2 (n = 138) were collected 18 months and 30 months after the storm, respectively. Results from structural regression modeling indicated that insomnia was associated with both posttraumatic stress and general psychological distress...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Maartje P Groot, Niels Wagemaker, N Joop Ouborg, Koen J F Verhoeven, Philippine Vergeer
Populations often differ in phenotype and these differences can be caused by adaptation by natural selection, random neutral processes, and environmental responses. The most straightforward way to divide mechanisms that influence phenotypic variation is heritable variation and environmental-induced variation (e.g., plasticity). While genetic variation is responsible for most heritable phenotypic variation, part of this is also caused by nongenetic inheritance. Epigenetic processes may be one of the underlying mechanisms of plasticity and nongenetic inheritance and can therefore possibly contribute to heritable differences through drift and selection...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Pietro Ferrara, Cristina Masuet-Aumatell, Fernando Agüero, Josep Maria Ramon-Torrell
BACKGROUND: Among strategies for malaria prevention, stand-by emergency treatment (SBET) is a possible approach, but scarce evidences exists investigating travellers' adherence and behaviours toward its use; therefore, the presented study aimed to determine travellers' compliance toward the SBET when prescribed in travel clinics. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed at the Travel Health Clinic of the Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain, during 2017...
April 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Darren Neil C Cabrera, Only D Hufana, Nahed Alquwez, Joseph Almazan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the optimism and proactive coping utilization of nurses and examined their influence on quality of life (QOL). BACKGROUND: Nurses are often exposed to challenging situations in the clinical area, which may negatively impact the QOL of nurses. Hence, being optimistic and proactive may assist nurses to develop a positive outlook toward life, improve overall health, achieve high longevity and low stress levels, and acquire effective coping skills...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Allan L Hilario, Jonathan David H Oruga, Maria Presentacion B Turqueza, Donnatella V Hilario
Objective: This study was done to evaluate the utilization of clinical pathway (CP) on open appendectomy as a quality improvement (QI) initiative. Methods: The CP document was developed from the clinical practice guideline created by the Philippine College of Surgeons using an event-timeline tabular checklist format. After a hospital-wide education, the CP was implemented on January 1, 2010, as the QI intervention. Appendectomies done 4 years before the intervention were assigned to the pre-pathway group while those done 5 years after were assigned to the post-pathway group...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Patricia Mora, Keith Faulkner, Ahmed M Mahmoud, Vesna Gershan, Aruna Kausik, Urban Zdesar, María-Ester Brandan, Serap Kurt, Jasna Davidović, Dina H Salama, Erkin Aribal, Clara Odio, Arvind K Chaturvedi, Zahida Sabih, Saša Vujnović, Diana Paez, Harry Delis
PURPOSE: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) through a Coordinated Research Project on "Enhancing Capacity for Early Detection and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer through Imaging", brought together a group of mammography radiologists, medical physicists and radiographers; to investigate current practices and improve procedures for the early detection of breast cancer by strengthening both the clinical and medical physics components. This paper addresses the medical physics component...
March 26, 2018: Physica Medica: PM
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