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Huong Nguyen, Jerome Vanclay, John Herbohn, Jennifer Firn
There is growing interest in multi-species tropical plantations but little information exists to guide their design and silviculture. The Rainforestation Farming system is the oldest tropical polyculture planting system in the Philippines and provides a unique opportunity to understand the underlying processes affecting tree performance within diverse plantings. Data collected from 85 plots distributed across the 18 mixed-species plantations in the Philippines was used to identify the factors influencing growth, probability of harvest, and death of trees in these complex plantings...
2016: PloS One
Il Suh
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a global leading cause of death nowadays. Fortunately, the majority of risk factors which cause CVD are preventable. The INTERSTROKE study recently reported that about 90% of the population-attributable risk of stroke is associated with ten modifiable risk factors. Especially high blood pressure levels are well established to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Recently CVD mortality has been decreasing in high-income countries but increasing in some middle-income countries and low-income countries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Pamela Louise M Tolentino, Ate Poortinga, Hideki Kanamaru, Saskia Keesstra, Jerry Maroulis, Carlos Primo C David, Coen J Ritsema
The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the potential impacts of climate change. To fully understand these potential impacts, especially on future hydrological regimes and water resources (2010-2050), 24 river basins located in the major agricultural provinces throughout the Philippines were assessed. Calibrated using existing historical interpolated climate data, the STREAM model was used to assess future river flows derived from three global climate models (BCM2, CNCM3 and MPEH5) under two plausible scenarios (A1B and A2) and then compared with baseline scenarios (20th century)...
2016: PloS One
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Valentin Partula, Bernard Srour, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Mehdi Menai, Jean-Michel Oppert, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
Physical activity (PA) but also reduced sedentary behavior may be associated with better prognosis and lower risk of recurrence in cancer patients. Our aim was to quantify the variations in PA and time spent sedentary between before and after diagnosis, relying on prospective data in French adults. We also investigated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with these variations.Subjects (n = 942) were incident cancer cases diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2015. PA and sedentary behavior were prospectively collected with the 7-day short version of the IPAQ questionnaire every year since subjects' inclusion (i...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
David U Olveda, Marianette Inobaya, Donald P McManus, Remigio M Olveda, Marilyn L Vinluan, Shu-Kay Ng, Donald A Harn, Yuesheng Li, Jerric R Guevarra, Alfred K Lam, Allen G P Ross
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of annual versus biennial praziquantel treatment regimens on Asiatic schistosomiasis (caused by Schistosoma japonicum) prevalence, intensity of infection, and liver fibrosis dynamics among individuals residing in 18 endemic barangays in Northern Samar, Philippines. METHODS: 565 subjects who reported symptoms of gastrointestinal illness and/or were believed to have clinical morbidity based on physical examination were selected for cohort follow-up...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Rosa Mia F Cabanting, Loida M Perez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) remains as one the most important staple food of the Philippines with an overabundance of varieties and gastronomic use. Despite this, no published comprehensive ethnobotanical information exists for the exclusive subject on Philippine traditional rice varieties and their ethnomedicinal value. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify and collect traditional rice landrace with ethnomedicinal application from local communities of the Philippines; and document the application, traditional preparation and administration of these plants...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Abou Diallo, Mélanie Deschasaux, Valentin Partula, Paule Latino-Martel, Bernard Srour, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Philippine Fassier, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice H Pierre, Mathilde Touvier
Experimental results suggested that iron-induced lipid peroxidation may explain the direct associations observed between red/processed meat intakes and colorectal and breast cancer risk. However, epidemiological evidence is lacking. Thus, we investigated the association between dietary iron intake and breast cancer risk, and its potential modulation by an antioxidant supplementation and lipid intake. This prospective study included 4646 women from the SU.VI.MAX trial (daily low-dose antioxidants vs. placebo)...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Frazen Tolentino-Zondervan, Paul Berentsen, Simon R Bush, Larry Digal, Alfons Oude Lansink
This study identifies the capabilities needed by small-scale fishers to participate in Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for yellowfin tuna in the Philippines. The current literature provides little empirical evidence on how different models, or types of FIPs, influence the participation of fishers in their programs and the degree which FIPs are able to foster improvements in fishing practices. To address this literature gap, two different FIPs are empirically analysed, each with different approaches for fostering improvement...
2016: PloS One
Gabriel Macasiray Garcia, Butch de Castro
This study explored how unique environmental conditions in Alaska influenced occupational health and safety for Filipino fish processing workers, many of whom migrated from warm locations (e.g., the Philippines, California, and Nevada). In-depth interviews were conducted with 26 Filipino workers in one commercial fish processing company in Dutch Harbor. Results indicated that cold weather interferes with workers' job performance, increasing their risk for injury and illness, whereas the community's isolation and rural nature causes loneliness and boredom, resulting in more high-risk behaviors...
October 11, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Allen G P Ross, Remigio M Olveda, Donald P McManus, Donald A Harn, Delia Chy, Yuesheng Li, Veronica Tallo, Shu-Kay Ng
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2012 among 18 rural barangays in Northern Samar, The Philippines in order to determine the prevalence of single and multiple species infections, and the underlying risk factors of acquiring one or more parasites. METHODS: 6,976 participants who completed a medical questionnaire and provided a stool sample for examination were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of S...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Leniza G De Castro-Hamoy, Mary Anne D Chiong, Sylvia C Estrada, Cynthia P Cordero
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare inborn error of metabolism resulting from a deficiency in the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex. MSUD has been reported to be the most common inborn error of metabolism in the Philippines. We described all patients with maple syrup urine disease patients diagnosed through newborn screening during its first 2 years of implementation and the challenges encountered during their medical management. There were 24 patients diagnosed with maple syrup urine disease for the 2-year period...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
Joanna E Cohen, Jennifer Brown, Carmen Washington, Kevin Welding, Jacqueline Ferguson, Katherine Smith
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a global health treaty ratified by over 175 countries, calls on countries to ensure that tobacco packages carry health warning labels (HWLs) describing the harmful effects of tobacco use. We assessed the extent of compliance with 14 countries' HWL requirements. Unique cigarette packs were purchased in 2013 using a systematic protocol in 12 distinct neighborhoods within three of the ten most populous cities in the 14 low- and middle-income countries with the greatest number (count) of smokers...
October 3, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Adrian P Ybañez, Rochelle Haidee D Ybañez, MaxFrancis G Talle, Mingming Liu, Paul Franck Adjou Moumouni, Xuenan Xuan
Babesia vogeli is a tick-borne protozoal pathogen that infects erythrocytes. In Southeast Asia, this pathogen has only been reported in Thailand. In this study, nine dogs presented at three different veterinary clinics in Cebu City, Philippines were found positive for B. vogeli. DNA was extracted from blood samples and tested using a PCR for genus Babesia and a PCR specific for B. vogeli (both based on the 18S rRNA gene). Blood smears (triplicate) from each sample were found negative. All positive amplicons were sequenced and were found to be 99...
October 3, 2016: Parasitology International
John W Stanifer, Charles R Cleland, Gerald Jamberi Makuka, Joseph R Egger, Venance Maro, Honest Maro, Francis Karia, Uptal D Patel, Matthew J Burton, Heiko Philippin
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, diabetes is a growing burden, yet little is known about its prevalence, risk factors, and complications. To address these gaps and help inform public health efforts aimed at prevention and treatment, we conducted a community-based study assessing diabetes epidemiology. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a stratified, cluster-designed, serial cross-sectional household study from 2014-2015 in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. We used a three-stage cluster probability sampling method to randomly select individuals...
2016: PloS One
Jürgen Schmitz, Angela Noll, Carsten A Raabe, Gennady Churakov, Reinhard Voss, Martin Kiefmann, Timofey Rozhdestvensky, Jürgen Brosius, Robert Baertsch, Hiram Clawson, Christian Roos, Aleksey Zimin, Patrick Minx, Michael J Montague, Richard K Wilson, Wesley C Warren
Tarsiers are phylogenetically located between the most basal strepsirrhines and the most derived anthropoid primates. While they share morphological features with both groups, they also possess uncommon primate characteristics, rendering their evolutionary history somewhat obscure. To investigate the molecular basis of such attributes, we present here a new genome assembly of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta), and provide extended analyses of the genome and detailed history of transposable element insertion events...
October 6, 2016: Nature Communications
Paul A Gastañaduy, Jeremy Budd, Nicholas Fisher, Susan B Redd, Jackie Fletcher, Julie Miller, Dwight J McFadden, Jennifer Rota, Paul A Rota, Carole Hickman, Brian Fowler, Lilith Tatham, Gregory S Wallace, Sietske de Fijter, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Mary DiOrio
Background Although measles was eliminated in the United States in 2000, importations of the virus continue to cause outbreaks. We describe the epidemiologic features of an outbreak of measles that originated from two unvaccinated Amish men in whom measles was incubating at the time of their return to the United States from the Philippines and explore the effect of public health responses on limiting the spread of measles. Methods We performed descriptive analyses of data on demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory evaluations, and vaccination coverage...
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Shio-Shin Jean, Po-Ren Hsueh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and assess the molecular characteristics of β-lactamases (ESBLs, AmpC β-lactamases and carbapenemases) among Enterobacteriaceae isolates that caused intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) in patients hospitalized in the Asia-Pacific region during 2008-14. METHODS: Multiplex PCR was used to detect the specific types of β-lactamase in 2893 isolates with MICs of ertapenem >0.5 mg/L. In-hospital acquisition times for most isolates were also delineated...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Ivan Paul Bondoc, Viannery Mabag, Clarisse Anne Dacanay, Natasha Daryle Macapagal
PURPOSE: There is a need for speech-language pathology (SLP) research in the Philippines, in order to fill in knowledge gaps relevant to the local context. Information about the local SLP research status remains inadequate. This study describes local SLP research done over the almost past four decades. METHOD: Using a descriptive retrospective design, a search was made for all empirical research articles completed by Filipino SLPs from 1978 to 2015. RESULT: A total of 250 research articles were identified and described along several parameters...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sergey G Ermilov, Leonila Corpuz-Raros
We collected 19 species in eight genera of poronotic oribatid mites of the family Galumnidae from the Philippines. Five species, Galumna (Cosmogalumna) areticulata Ermilov, Sandmann, Klarner, Widyastuti & Scheu, 2015, G. (Neogalumna) tolstikovi Ermiov & Anichkin, 2014, Pergalumna (Pergalumna) crassipora Mahunka, 1995, P. (Pergalumna) margaritata Mahunka, 1989 and Trichogalumna nipponica (Aoki, 1966), the subgenus Galumna (Neogalumna) and the genus Trichogalumna are recorded for the first time in the fauna of this country...
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Yi-Kai Tea, Anthony C Gill
Synchiropus sycorax n. sp. is described from six specimens (22.6-40.1 mm SL) collected from Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines. It appears to be most closely related to S. tudorjonesi, which ranges from the Maldive Islands through Indonesia and the Philippine Islands to southern Japan. The new species differs from S. tudorjonesi and other congeners in live coloration: head and body bright red, bright yellow ventrally, with prominent white spots on head (one spot or blotch over preopercular spine, two elongate spots behind middle of eye, and one spot behind upper part of eye at about 1 o'clock position) and body (in three rows, an uppermost row beginning below soft dorsal, tracking lateral line to caudal peduncle, a lowermost row extending from above anterior anal fin to caudal peduncle, and a middle row extending obliquely from above pectoral fin to anterior part of lowermost series of spots); males with pelvic fin and pelvic-pectoral membrane bright yellow with broad bluish or greenish grey to black submarginal band across distal third of fin...
October 2, 2016: Zootaxa
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