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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820383/carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-and-nonfermentative-bacteria-the-philippines-2013-2016
#1
John Mark Velasco, Maria Theresa Valderama, Trent Peacock, Nirdnoy Warawadee, Kathyleen Nogrado, Fatima Claire Navarro, Domingo Chua, Srijan Apichai, Ruekit Sirigade, Louis R Macareo, Brett Swierczewski
During 2013-2016, we isolated blaNDM- and blaVIM-harboring Enterobacteriaceae and nonfermentative bacteria from patients in the Philippines. Of 130 carbapenem-resistant isolates tested, 45 were Carba NP-positive; 43 harbored blaNDM, and 2 harbored blaVIM. Multidrug-resistant microbial pathogen surveillance and antimicrobial drug stewardship are needed to prevent further spread of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase variants.
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#2
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817588/phylogeography-of-the-reticulated-python-malayopython-reticulatus-ssp-conservation-implications-for-the-worlds-most-traded-snake-species
#3
Gillian Murray-Dickson, Muhammad Ghazali, Rob Ogden, Rafe Brown, Mark Auliya
As an important economic natural resource in Southeast Asia, reticulated pythons (Malayopython reticulatus ssp.) are primarily harvested from the wild for their skins-which are prized in the luxury leather goods industry. Trade dynamics of this CITES Appendix II listed species are complex and management approaches on the country or regional level appear obscure. Little is known about the actual geographic point-of-harvest of snakes, how genetic diversity is partitioned across the species range, how current harvest levels may affect the genetic viability of populations, and whether genetic structure could (or should) be accounted for when managing harvest quotas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816125/losing-the-fight-against-hiv-in-the-philippines
#4
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806786/an-economic-evaluation-of-vector-control-in-the-age-of-a-dengue-vaccine
#5
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Alexander Haines, Mathieu Bangert, Andrew Farlow, Janet Hemingway, Raman Velayudhan
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a rapidly emerging vector-borne Neglected Tropical Disease, with a 30-fold increase in the number of cases reported since 1960. The economic cost of the illness is measured in the billions of dollars annually. Environmental change and unplanned urbanization are conspiring to raise the health and economic cost even further beyond the reach of health systems and households. The health-sector response has depended in large part on control of the Aedes aegypti and Ae...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806635/oryong-501-sinking-incident-in-the-bering-sea-international-dvi-cooperation-in-the-asia-pacific
#6
Nak-Eun Chung, Anton Castilani, Wilfredo E Tierra, Philip Beh, Mohd Shah Mahmood
On December 1st, 2014, the sinking of Oryong 501 occurred in the Bering Sea off the east coast of Russia. A total of 60 crew members, including 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and 1 Russian inspector were on board out of which only seven survived. Through an international rescue operation, the dead bodies of 27 were found and the remaining 26 crew are still missing. After transferring the dead bodies to the Busan Harbor in South Korea, the operation to identify the deceased began involving DVI teams from three countries: Korea, Indonesia and the Philippines...
August 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800525/chemical-analysis-and-potential-endocrine-activities-of-aluminium-coatings-intended-to-be-in-contact-with-cosmetic-water
#7
Elias Bou-Maroun, Laurence Dahbi, Marie-Pierre Gomez-Berrada, Philippine Pierre, Sandrine Rakotomalala, Pierre-Jacques Ferret, Marie-Christine Chagnon
The objective of the work was to check the presence of Non-Intended Added Substances (NIAS) with hormonal activities in aluminium coatings extracts coded: AA, BBF, MC and RR, furnished by four different suppliers. Water samples were prepared at room temperature or at 40°C for three months to verify the storage effect on the coatings. Solid phase extraction was used to concentrate and to extract coating substances. Hormonal activities were checked in vitro using reporter gene bioassays. Except BBF, all extracts induced a weak but significant estrogenic agonist activity in the human cell line...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797018/editorial-atrocity-in-the-philippines-how-rodrigo-duterte-s-war-on-drug-users-may-exacerbate-the-burgeoning-hiv-epidemic
#8
Julia C Dombrowski, Jimmy Dorabjee, Steffanie A Strathdee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795266/whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-zika-virus-amplified-from-urine-of-traveler-from-the-philippines
#9
Se Hun Gu, Dong Hyun Song, Daesang Lee, Jeyoun Jang, Min Young Kim, Jaehun Jung, Koung In Woo, Mirang Kim, Woong Seog, Hong Sang Oh, Byung Seop Choi, Jong-Seong Ahn, Quehn Park, Seong Tae Jeong
Zika virus (ZIKV) (genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae) is an emerging pathogen associated with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. The rapid spread of ZIKV disease in over 60 countries and the large numbers of travel-associated cases have caused worldwide concern. Thus, intensified surveillance of cases among immigrants and tourists from ZIKV-endemic areas is important for disease control and prevention. In this study, using Next Generation Sequencing, we reported the first whole-genome sequence of ZIKV strain AFMC-U, amplified from the urine of a traveler returning to Korea from the Philippines...
August 9, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795219/development-of-25-near-isogenic-lines-nils-with-ten-bph-resistance-genes-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-production-resistance-spectrum-and-molecular-analysis
#10
Kshirod K Jena, Sherry Lou Hechanova, Holden Verdeprado, G D Prahalada, Sung-Ryul Kim
A first set of 25 NILs carrying ten BPH resistance genes and their pyramids was developed in the background of indica variety IR24 for insect resistance breeding in rice. Brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal.) is one of the most destructive insect pests in rice. Development of near-isogenic lines (NILs) is an important strategy for genetic analysis of brown planthopper (BPH) resistance (R) genes and their deployment against diverse BPH populations. A set of 25 NILs with 9 single R genes and 16 multiple R gene combinations consisting of 11 two-gene pyramids and 5 three-gene pyramids in the genetic background of the susceptible indica rice cultivar IR24 was developed through marker-assisted selection...
August 9, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792418/prevalence-diversity-and-co-occurrence-of-the-white-spot-syndrome-virus-monodon-baculovirus-and-penaeus-stylirostris-densovirus-in-wild-populations-of-penaeus-monodon-in-the-philippines
#11
Fredmoore L Orosco, Arturo O Lluisma
The farming of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in the Philippines relies on wild broodstock. PCR was thus used to determine the prevalence of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), monodon baculovirus (MBV) and Penaeus stylirostris densovirus (PstDV) in a total of 178 shrimp from 6 geographically disparate locations where broodstock are captured for use in hatcheries. PCR amplicons were also sequenced to identify phylogenetic relationships of the virus haplotypes detected. Shrimp from southeastern Luzon (Camarines Norte) had the highest prevalence of each of the 3 viruses and were frequently co-infected with 2 or more viruses...
August 9, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776100/dalbavancin-for-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-a%C3%A2-returning-traveller-proposal-for-novel-treatment-indications
#12
Johannes Mischlinger, Heimo Lagler, Nicole Harrison, Michael Ramharter
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common health problems in travellers returning from tropical and subtropical countries. Importantly, the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus, the most common pathogen for purulent SSTIs, with specific drug resistance, such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and those expressing virulence genes, such as Panton-Valentine-leukocidin is higher in tropical regions than in most high resource settings. This poses challenges for the empirical antimicrobial treatment of SSTIs in returning travellers...
August 3, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769693/a-new-diplommatinid-genus-and-two-new-species-from-the-philippines-gastropoda-caenogastropoda-cyclophoroidea
#13
Barna Páll-Gergely, András Hunyadi, Takahiro Asami
A new diplommatinid genus, Luzonocoptis Páll-Gergely & Hunyadi, gen. n. is erected for two new species, Luzonocoptis antenna Páll-Gergely & Hunyadi, sp. n. and L. angulata Páll-Gergely & Hunyadi, sp. n. Both species inhabit the northeastern part of Luzon Island, Philippines. The genus Luzonocoptisgen. n. is mostly characterized by a very slender shell with 14-18 whorls, a strongly expanded peristome, an interrupted, weak columellar lamella, the absence of any additional plicae or lamellae, and a rachidian tooth having five cusps...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769689/first-record-of-biromiris-from-the-oriental-region-with-a-new-species-from-philippines-hemiptera-heteroptera-miridae-phylinae
#14
Ram Keshari Duwal, Tomohide Yasunaga, Toshiya Hirowatari
The unique genus Biromiris Schuh is recognized from the Oriental region for the first time, with the description of a new species, Biromiris tomokuniisp. n., from the Philippines. The new species is documented with photographic images of the dorsal habitus and male genital structures. A key to all known species of Biromiris is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769678/altrichthys-alelia-a-new-brooding-damselfish-teleostei-perciformes-pomacentridae-from-busuanga-island-philippines
#15
Giacomo Bernardi, Gary C Longo, T E Angela L Quiros
A new species of damselfish, Altrichthys aleliasp. n. is described from specimens collected in shallow water (1-8m depth) off Busuanga Island, Palawan Province, Philippines. It differs from the other two species in the genus, A. curatus and A. azurelineatus, in various features including having golden upper body lacking dark edges of dorsal and caudal fins, higher modal number of tubed lateral line scales, as well as differences in two mitochondrial markers, one nuclear marker, and RAD markers.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761929/validation-of-the-xdp-mdsp-rating-scale-for-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-x-linked-dystonia-parkinsonism
#16
Paul Matthew D Pasco, Roland Dominic G Jamora, Raymond L Rosales, Cid Czarina E Diesta, Arlene R Ng, Rosalia A Teleg, Criscely L Go, Lillian Lee, Hubert H Fernandez
X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism(XDP) is a neurodegenerative disorder endemic to the Philippines. A rating scale was developed by the authors under the guidance of the Movement Disorder Society of the Philippines (MDSP) to assess XDP severity and progression, functional impact, and response to treatment in future clinical trials. Our main objective was to validate our new scale, the XDP-MDSP scale. The initial validation process included pragmatic testing to XDP patients followed by a modified Delphi procedure with an international advisory panel of dystonia, parkinsonism and scale development experts...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759629/genetic-and-morphological-analyses-of-gracilaria-firma-and-g-changii-gracilariaceae-rhodophyta-the-commercially-important-agarophytes-in-western-pacific
#17
Poh-Kheng Ng, Showe-Mei Lin, Phaik-Eem Lim, Anicia Q Hurtado, Siew-Moi Phang, Yoon-Yen Yow, Zhongmin Sun
Many studies classifying Gracilaria species for the exploitation of agarophytes and the development of the agar industry were conducted before the prevalence of molecular tools, resulting in the description of many species based solely on their morphology. Gracilaria firma and G. changii are among the commercially important agarophytes from the western Pacific; both feature branches with basal constrictions that taper toward acute apices. In this study, we contrasted the morpho-anatomical circumscriptions of the two traditionally described species with molecular data from samples that included representatives of G...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759132/is-early-postnatal-growth-velocity-a-proxy-of-minipubertal-androgen-action-related-to-adult-second-to-fourth-digit-2d-4d-ratios-in-men-a-test-in-cebu-philippines
#18
Alexander V Georgiev, Calen P Ryan, Judith B Borja, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: The ratio of the length of the second to the fourth digit (2D:4D) of the hand is often used as an index of prenatal androgen exposure but it might also be affected by androgens during "minipuberty," a period of temporarily high testosterone (T) production in the first few months of life. To examine this, we tested the prediction that men with lower 2D:4D ratios had greater weight growth velocities during the first months of life-a metric recently shown to correlate with concurrent T levels...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754058/the-impact-of-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-on-graduates-in-the-central-philippines-implications-for-the-global-rural-medical-workforce
#19
J L Siega-Sur, T Woolley, S J Ross, C Reeve, A-J Neusy
INTRODUCTION: Developing and retaining a high quality medical workforce, especially within low-resource countries has been a world-wide challenge exacerbated by a lack of medical schools, the maldistribution of doctors towards urban practice, health system inequities, and training doctors in tertiary centers rather than in rural communities. AIM: To describe the impact of socially-accountable health professional education on graduates; specifically: their motivation towards community-based service, preparation for addressing local priority health issues, career choices, and practice location...
July 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753518/a-square-peg-in-a-round-hole-theory-practice-gap-from-the-lens-of-filipino-student-nurses
#20
Elisa Monette R Factor, Evangeline T Matienzo, Allan B de Guzman
Previous studies suggest that theory-practice gap has remained to be a formidable task and a challenge to the nursing profession. While efforts to understand the nature and dynamics of theory-practice gap have been undertaken across the globe, a dearth in literature exists in the context of a developing country like the Philippines. Seemingly, no research has ventured yet to explore the theory-practice gap experiences of Filipino student nurses. Hence, the major intent of this qualitative investigation is to describe and capture how theory-practice gap is viewed by a select group of senior nursing students (n=10) in a comprehensive university in the Philippines...
July 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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