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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245147/levels-of-trace-elements-methylmercury-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-foraging-green-turtles-in-the-south-china-region-and-their-conservation-implications
#1
Connie Ka Yan Ng, James Chung Wah Lam, Xiao Hua Zhang, He Xiang Gu, Tsung Hsien Li, Min Bin Ye, Zhong Rong Xia, Fei Yan Zhang, Jin Xia Duan, Wen Xiong Wang, Isaac Kam Sum Lam, George H Balazs, Paul K S Lam, Margaret B Murphy
Sea turtles are globally endangered and face daily anthropogenic threats, including pollution. However, there is a lack of ecotoxicological information on sea turtles, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aims to determine pollutant levels of foraging green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in South China, including Hong Kong, Guangdong and Taiwan, as a basis for their conservation. Scute, liver and muscle tissues of stranded green turtles were analysed for levels of 17 trace elements and methylmercury (MeHg) (n = 86 for scute and n = 14 for liver) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (n = 11 for muscle and n = 13 for liver)...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244998/applicability-of-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-multinational-association-of-supportive-care-in-cancer-guidelines-for-prevention-and-management-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-southeast-asia-a-consensus-statement
#2
Alexandre Chan, Matin M Abdullah, Wan Zamaniah B Wan Ishak, Annielyn B Ong-Cornel, Antonio H Villalon, Ravindran Kanesvaran
A meeting of regional experts was convened in Manila, Philippines, to develop a resource-stratified chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) management guideline. In patients treated with highly emetogenic chemotherapy in general clinical settings, triple therapy with a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine-3 [5-HT3]) antagonist (preferably palonosetron), dexamethasone, and aprepitant is recommended for acute CINV prevention. In resource-restricted settings, triple therapy is still recommended, although a 5-HT3 antagonist other than palonosetron may be used...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243684/large-oral-ulcer-of-tongue-related-to-dental-trauma
#3
Gian Paolo Bombeccari, Gianpaolo Guzzi, Francesco Pallotti, Massimo Porrini, Aldo Bruno Giannì, Francesco Spadari
A 36-year-old Philippine male has a several month-history of burning pain of his tongue with lingual erythema and oral bleeding. Here we describe a classical case of oral chronic ulcer related to mechanical dental trauma. In this case, unilateral crossbite malocclusion was able to produce oral mucosal lesion that was sufficient to cause a large, chronic tongue ulcer and subsequent mild epithelial dysplasia. A specific tongue-retaining device was made. In absence of dental trauma, his chronic ulcer of the tongue resolved within a few weeks...
2017: Stomatologija
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243377/mindfulness-in-nursing-students-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-samples-of-nursing-students-in-china-the-philippines-and-south-africa
#4
David Arthur, Doroteo Dizon, Karien Jooste, Zheng Li, Mathew Salvador, Xiuyu Yao
Mindfulness as a clinical strategy for helping manage physical and psychological symptoms is gathering an impressive evidence base. It is also being embraced widely for personal and professional development. As a therapeutic intervention for nurses working across a spectrum of settings, it helps expand practice, and integrating mindfulness in nursing undergraduate and graduate curricula is imminent. In the present study, we outline the development and measurement of mindfulness as a personality trait and therapeutic intervention, and advocate the use of a questionnaire alternative to expensive and impractical laboratory measures...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242466/two-new-species-of-the-genus-i-plusiodonta-i-guen%C3%A3-e-1852-from-southeast-asia-lepidoptera-erebidae-calpinae
#5
G Behounek, V S Kononenko, M J Pellinen
Two new species of the genus Plusiodonta Guenée, 1852, Plusiodonta pasi sp. n. and Plusiodonta stumpfi sp. n. are described from Thailand and Philippines. The distribution of Plusiodonta calcaurea Holloway, 2005 in Southeast Asia is clarified. The adult and genitalia of referred species as well as male and female of Plusiodonta coenolota (Kollar, 1844) are illustrated. The checklist the genus Plusiodonta over the World is presented.
October 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240753/virulence-pathology-and-pathogenesis-of-pteropine-orthoreovirus-prv-in-balb-c-mice-development-of-an-animal-infection-model-for-prv
#6
Kazutaka Egawa, Masayuki Shimojima, Satoshi Taniguchi, Noriyo Nagata, Hideki Tani, Tomoki Yoshikawa, Takeshi Kurosu, Shumpei Watanabe, Shuetsu Fukushi, Masayuki Saijo
BACKGROUND: Cases of acute respiratory tract infection caused by Pteropine orthoreovirus (PRV) of the genus Orthoreovirus (family: Reoviridae) have been reported in Southeast Asia, where it was isolated from humans and bats. It is possible that PRV-associated respiratory infections might be prevalent in Southeast Asia. The clinical course of PRV is not fully elucidated. METHODS: The virulence, pathology, and pathogenesis of two PRV strains, a human-borne PRV strain (isolated from a patient, who returned to Japan from Bali, Indonesia in 2007) and a bat-borne PRV (isolated from a bat [Eonycteris spelaea] in the Philippines in 2013) were investigated in BALB/c mice using virological, pathological, and immunological study methods...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240588/survey-results-from-the-philippines-npuap-changes-in-pressure-injury-terminology-and-definitions
#7
Elizabeth A Ayello, Barbara Delmore, Hiske Smart, R Gary Sibbald
OBJECTIVE: To determine the opinions of healthcare clinicians in the Philippines regarding the 2016 National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) terminology changes and revised staging definitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: A survey methodology was used in Manila, Philippines. Convenience samples of healthcare clinicians of varying disciplines and employment settings were invited to participate in this research. INTERVENTIONS: A survey was administered at key intervals regarding the revised NPUAP terminology changes and revised staging definitions...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239552/the-use-of-geographic-information-system-as-a-tool-for-schistosomiasis-surveillance-in-the-province-of-davao-del-norte-the-philippines
#8
Vicente Y Belizario, John Paul Caesar R Delos Trinos, Berne Silawan, Chiqui M De Veyra, Agapito Hornido, Hansel Amoguis, Dominic Basalo, Cherry Dema-Ala, Irenn Mantilla, Rosele Layan
Schistosomiasis (SCH) in The Philippines is caused by Schistosoma japonicum and remains endemic in 28 provinces in 12 regions. Effective SCH control requires describing areas at risk where control efforts may be focused. This study aims at demonstrating the utility of geographical information system (GIS) as a tool for SCH surveillance in the province of Davao del Norte. Qualitative and quantitative data on SCH determinants, obtained from local government offices, partner agencies and institutions, were standardised, formatted and incorporated into a GIS map...
November 6, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238621/burkholderia-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Sreelakshmi Panginikkod, Aishwarya Ramachandran, Pratyusha Bollimunta, Roshanak Habibi, Roshan Kumar Arjal, Venu Gopalakrishnan
Melioidosis is a frequently fatal infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei endemic to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It is a rare imported pathogen in the United States and is a potential bioterror agent. We report the case of an 82-year-old previously healthy man who presented with 2 weeks of fever and epigastric pain after he returned from the Philippines. A diagnosis of nondissecting mycotic aneurysm in the descending thoracic aorta was made with the help of CT angiogram and positive blood cultures...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233814/philippines-halts-dengue-immunisation-campaign-owing-to-safety-risk
#10
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229427/cost-effectiveness-of-dengue-vaccination-in-ten-endemic-countries
#11
Wu Zeng, Yara A Halasa-Rappel, Nicolas Baurin, Laurent Coudeville, Donald S Shepard
Following publication of results from two phase-3 clinical trials in 10 countries or territories, endemic countries began licensing the first dengue vaccine in 2015. Using a published mathematical model, we evaluated the cost-effectiveness of dengue vaccination in populations similar to those at the trial sites in those same Latin American and Asian countries. Our main scenarios (30-year horizon, 80% coverage) entailed 3-dose routine vaccinations costing US$20/dose beginning at age 9, potentially supplemented by catch-up programs of 4- or 8-year cohorts...
December 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227882/kalaban-young-drug-users-engagements-with-law-enforcement-in-the-philippines
#12
Gideon Lasco
BACKGROUND: A violent 'war on drugs' continues to be waged in the Philippines, even as the use of drugs - particular methamphetamine - continues to rise. Furnishing contextual background to the current situation, this paper explores how long-running law enforcement approaches in the Philippines might be viewed by those in their receiving end by presenting findings of an ethnography among marginalized young men. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted among 20 young men throughout a 12-month period of participant-observation from December 2011 to September 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227220/taxonomic-analyses-of-members-of-the-streptomyces-cinnabarinus-cluster-description-of-streptomyces-cinnabarigriseus-sp-nov-and-streptomyces-davaonensis-sp-nov
#13
Wiebke Landwehr, Peter Kämpfer, Stefanie P Glaeser, Christian Rückert, Jörn Kalinowski, Jochen Blom, Alexander Goesmann, Matthias Mack, Peter Schumann, Ewelina Atasayar, Richard L Hahnke, Manfred Rohde, Karin Martin, Marc Stadler, Joachim Wink
Roseoflavin is the only known riboflavin (vitamin B2) analog with antibiotic properties. It is actively taken up by many micro-organisms and targets flavinmononucleotide riboswitches and flavoproteins. It is described as the product of the tentatively named 'Streptomyces davawensis' JCM 4913. Taxonomic analysis of this strain with a polyphasic approach showed that it is very closely related to Streptomyces cinnabarinus (DSM 40467). The two Streptomyces isolates were obtained from different geographical locations (the Philippines and the Kamchatka Peninsula, respectively), their genomes have been sequenced and the question was whether or not the two isolates were representatives of the same species...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220707/hunter-gatherer-health-and-development-policy-how-the-promotion-of-sedentism-worsens-the-agta-s-health-outcomes
#14
Abigail E Page, Tessa Minter, Sylvain Viguier, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Many hunter-gatherer groups live on the outskirts of wider society, experiencing poor health outcomes with little access to medical care. From a development perspective, key interventions include the sedentarisation of these mobile peoples into camps nearby larger towns with sanitation infrastructure and medical care, as increased access to services is assumed to improve outcomes. However, recent research in the Agta (Philippine foragers from North-east Luzon) has demonstrated that individuals residing in more 'developed' communities suffer from increased morbidity and mortality...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219804/pseudooceanicola-lipolyticus-sp-nov-a-marine-alphaproteobacterium-reclassification-of-oceanicola-flagellatus-as-pseudooceanicola-flagellatus-comb-nov-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-pseudooceanicola
#15
Meng-Meng Huang, Li-Li Guo, Yue-Hong Wu, Qi-Liang Lai, Zong-Ze Shao, Chun-Sheng Wang, Min Wu, Xue-Wei Xu
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, designated 157T, was isolated from seawater collected from the Philippine Sea. Cells of strain 157T grew in medium containing 0.5-10.0 % NaCl (w/v, optimum 3 %), at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum 7.0) and at 15-40 °C (optimum 30 °C). Tweens 20, 40 and 80 as well as urea were hydrolysed. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 157T had a high sequence similarity with respect to Pseudooceanicola marinus AZO-CT (97.2 %), and exhibited less than 97.0 % sequence similarity to other type strains of the species with validly published names...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216194/partitioning-no-take-marine-reserve-ntmr-and-benthic-habitat-effects-on-density-of-small-and-large-bodied-tropical-wrasses
#16
Garry R Russ, Jake R Lowe, Justin R Rizzari, Brock J Bergseth, Angel C Alcala
No-take marine reserves (NTMRs) are increasingly implemented for fisheries management and biodiversity conservation. Yet, assessing NTMR effectiveness depends on partitioning the effects of NTMR protection and benthic habitat on protected species. Such partitioning is often difficult, since most studies lack well-designed sampling programs (i.e. Before-After-Control-Impact-Pair designs) spanning long-term time scales. Spanning 31 years, this study quantifies the effects of NTMR protection and changes to benthic habitat on the density of tropical wrasses (F...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213178/hiding-in-the-dark-local-ecological-knowledge-about-slow-loris-in-sarawak-sheds-light-on-relationships-between-human-populations-and-wild-animals
#17
Priscillia Miard, K A I Nekaris, Hatta Ramlee
Local ecological knowledge (LEK) increases understanding of certain species and the threats they face, especially little-studied taxa for which data on distribution and conservation are often lacking. We conducted 111 semi-structured interviews in Sarawak, Malaysia, to collect local knowledge about the behavior and distribution of the Philippine slow loris (Nycticebus menagensis) from two ethnic groups, the Iban and the Penan. Our study revealed that male Penan respondents, generally hunters, who frequently go into the forest were better at identifying animals from pictures...
2017: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211747/profiling-of-volatile-fragrant-components-in-a-mini-core-collection-of-mango-germplasms-from-seven-countries
#18
Li Li, Xiao-Wei Ma, Ru-Lin Zhan, Hong-Xia Wu, Quan-Sheng Yao, Wen-Tian Xu, Chun Luo, Yi-Gang Zhou, Qing-Zhi Liang, Song-Biao Wang
Aroma is important in assessing the quality of fresh fruit and their processed products, and could provide good indicators for the development of local cultivars in the mango industry. In this study, the volatile diversity of 25 mango cultivars from China, America, Thailand, India, Cuba, Indonesia, and the Philippines was investigated. The volatile compositions, their relative contents, and the intervarietal differences were detected with headspace solid phase microextraction tandem gas chromatography-mass spectrometer methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211538/enhancing-hiv-aids-surveillance-in-the-philippines-to-ensure-the-transgender-population-s-visibility
#19
Kalayaan C Bumanglag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207825/global-search-trends-of-oral-problems-using-google-trends-from-2004-to-2016-an-exploratory-analysis
#20
Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Monika Prasad, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj
Introduction: Oral diseases are pandemic cause of morbidity with widespread geographic distribution. This technology based era has brought about easy knowledge transfer than traditional dependency on information obtained from family doctors. Hence, harvesting this system of trends can aid in oral disease quantification. Aim: To conduct an exploratory analysis of the changes in internet search volumes of oral diseases by using Google Trends© (GT©). Materials and Methods: GT© were utilized to provide real world facts based on search terms related to categories, interest by region and interest over time...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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