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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440952/thyroid-cancer-incidence-among-asian-immigrants-to-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Baiju R Shah, Rebecca Griffiths, Stephen F Hall
BACKGROUND: The highest rates of thyroid cancer are observed in Pacific Island nations as well as Australia and Asian countries bordering the Pacific. The objective of this study was to determine the risk for thyroid cancer among immigrants to Canada from Southeast and East Asia compared with immigrants from other regions and nonimmigrants. METHODS: This was a population-based, longitudinal cohort study using health care administrative data to examine all residents of Ontario without pre-existing thyroid cancer...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429514/maternal-metabolic-adaptations-to-pregnancy-among-young-women-in-cebu-philippines
#2
Ruby L Fried, Nanette L Mayol, Thom W McDade, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: Evidence that fetal development has long-term impacts on health has increased interest in maternal-fetal nutrient exchange. Although maternal metabolism is known to change during gestation to accommodate fetal nutrient demands, little is known about these modifications outside of a Western, clinical context. This study characterizes maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy, and their associations with offspring birth weight (BW), among women living in the Philippines. METHODS: Fasting glucose, triglycerides, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin were assessed in 808 participants in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines)...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424748/immigrant-arrival-and-tuberculosis-among-large-immigrant-and-refugee-receiving-countries-2005-2009
#3
Zachary White, John Painter, Paul Douglas, Ibrahim Abubakar, Howard Njoo, Chris Archibald, Jessica Halverson, John Robson, Drew L Posey
Objective. Tuberculosis control in foreign-born populations is a major public health concern for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States, large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries that comprise the Immigration and Refugee Health Working Group (IRHWG). Identifying and comparing immigration and distribution of foreign-born tuberculosis cases are important for developing targeted and collaborative interventions. Methods. Data stratified by year and country of birth from 2005 to 2009 were received from these five countries...
2017: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422614/electronic-follow-up-of-developing-world-cleft-patients-a-digital-dream
#4
Tom W M Walker, Ambika Chadha, William Rodgers, Caroline Mills, Peter Ayliffe
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential access to telemedicine follow-up of children with clefts operated on a humanitarian mission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of parents of children presenting to a humanitarian cleft lip and palate mission in a Provincial Hospital in the Philippines. A purpose designed questionnaire was used to assess access to electronic and digital resources that could be used to aid follow-up. Forty-five (N = 45) parents of children having primary cleft lip and or palate surgery participated...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422081/non-responsive-feeding-practices-unhealthy-eating-behaviors-and-risk-of-child-overweight-and-obesity-in-southeast-asia-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Somporn Sitthisongkram, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Praewrapee Ruengdej
Childhood obesity is increasing dramatically in many Southeast Asian countries, and becoming a significant public health concern. This review summarizes the evidence on associations between parental feeding practices, child eating behaviors, and the risk of overweight and obesity in Southeast Asian children 2-12 years old. We systematically searched five electronic academic/research (PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Nursing, Medline, and CINAHL) databases using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for peer-reviewed studies published in English between January 2000 and December 2016...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416993/antinociceptive-effect-of-intrathecal-sec-o-glucosylhamaudol-on-the-formalin-induced-pain-in-rats
#6
Sang Hun Kim, Hwa Song Jong, Myung Ha Yoon, Seon Hee Oh, Ki Tae Jung
BACKGROUND: The root of Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., a perennial herb found in Japan, the Philippines, China, and Korea, is used as an analgesic. In a previous study, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG) showed an analgesic effect. This study was performed to examine the antinociceptive effect of intrathecal SOG in the formalin test. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with an intrathecal catheter. Rats were randomly treated with a vehicle and SOG (10 µg, 30 µg, 60 µg, and 100 µg) before formalin injection...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412536/molecular-phylogenetics-and-dating-of-the-problematic-new-guinea-microhylid-frogs-amphibia-anura-reveals-elevated-speciation-rates-and-need-for-taxonomic-reclassification
#7
Julio A Rivera, Fred Kraus, Allen Allison, Marguerite A Butler
Asterophryinae is a large monophyletic subfamily of Anurans containing over 300 species distributed across one of the world's most geologically active areas - New Guinea and its satellite islands, Australia and the Philippines. The tremendous ecological and morphological diversity of this clade, with apparent specializations for burrowing, terrestrial, semi-aquatic, and arboreal lifestyle, suggests an evolutionary process of adaptive radiation. Despite this spectacular diversity, this and many other questions of evolutionary processes have received little formal study because until now the phylogeny of this spececies-rich clade has remained uncertain...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408930/a-case-of-initially-undiagnosed-chikungunya-arthritis-developing-into-chronic-phase-in-a-nonendemic-area
#8
Pui Shan Julia Chan, Moon Ho Leung
This case report described a 40-year-old lady presented with fever, headache, arthralgia, myalgia, and impaired liver function after returning from the Philippines. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and dengue serology were negative. Eight weeks after initial presentation, she experienced inflammatory polyarthritis mimic rheumatoid arthritis. This time CHIKV-IgM was detected, together with a >4-fold rise of CHIKV-polyvalent-antibody titre. The first CHIKV-IgM negative sample was reexamined and was CHIKV-PCR positive...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406366/detection-of-pathogenic-bioaerosols-and-occupational-risk-in-a-philippine-landfill-site
#9
Hera Angela M Pagalilauan, Cielo Emar M Paraoan, Pierangeli G Vital
Payatas landfill site is one of the major dumpsites in the Philippines. In this study, the landfill was evaluated regarding the presence and concentration of pathogenic bacterial aerosols through culture and molecular techniques. Bioaerosols are biological airborne particles that may or may not cause diseases. Active sampling was done using MAS-100 Air Sampler from both indoor and outdoor locations. To test the accuracy of the culture method, those that were presumptively identified as Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were subjected to molecular analysis using 16s rRNA sequencing, and as a result, they were identified as different species...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405229/epidemiologic-burden-of-hospitalisation-for-congestive-heart-failure-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-19%C3%A2-years-in-the-philippines
#10
Bernadette A Tumanan-Mendoza, Victor L Mendoza, April Ann A Bermudez-Delos Santos, Felix Eduardo R Punzalan, Noemi S Pestaño, Rudy Boy Natividad, Louie Alfred Shiu, Renelene Macabeo
OBJECTIVES: The study determined the prevalence of hospitalisation due to congestive heart failure (CHF) among adult patients aged 19 years and above in the Philippines and its 17 regions in 2014. It also determined the demographic profile of these patients, aetiology and type of CHF, comorbidities, duration of hospitalisation and the overall in-hospital mortality rate. METHODS: Data collection was done using the hospitalisation claims database of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth)...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404840/household-coverage-with-adequately-iodized-salt-varies-greatly-between-countries-and-by-residence-type-and-socioeconomic-status-within-countries-results-from-10-national-coverage-surveys
#11
REVIEW
Jacky M Knowles, Greg S Garrett, Jonathan Gorstein, Roland Kupka, Ruth Situma, Kapil Yadav, Rizwan Yusufali, Chandrakant Pandav, Grant J Aaron
Background: Household coverage with iodized salt was assessed in 10 countries that implemented Universal Salt Iodization (USI).Objective: The objective of this paper was to summarize household coverage data for iodized salt, including the relation between coverage and residence type and socioeconomic status (SES).Methods: A review was conducted of results from cross-sectional multistage household cluster surveys with the use of stratified probability proportional to size design in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Niger, the Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404097/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-in-southeast-and-southern-asia-challenges-for-governments
#12
Suzanne Wait, Emily Kell, Saeed Hamid, David H Muljono, Jose Sollano, Rosmawati Mohamed, Samir Shah, Mamun-Al-Mahtab, Zaigham Abbas, Jennifer Johnston, Tawesak Tanwandee, Jack Wallace
In 2015, the Coalition to Eradicate Viral Hepatitis in Asia Pacific gathered leading hepatitis experts from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Thailand to discuss common challenges to the burden posed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), to learn from each other's experience, and identify sustainable approaches. In this report, we summarise these discussions. Countries differ in their policy responses to HBV and HCV; however, substantial systemic, cultural, and financial barriers to achievement of elimination of these infections persist in all countries...
November 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400055/oil-spill-off-the-coast-of-guimaras-island-philippines-distributions-and-changes-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-shellfish
#13
Seiichi Uno, Emiko Kokushi, Nathaniel C Añasco, Takenori Iwai, Kazuki Ito, Jiro Koyama
The sinking of the Solar 1 tanker caused serious heavy oil pollution around Guimaras Island, Philippines. In the present study, variations of parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and alkylated PAHs (alkPAHs) in some shellfish were investigated around Guimaras Island and other small islands from 3months to 5years after the spill. The total PAHs and alkPAHs in shellfish were detected in high concentrations at 448 and 33,666ng/g dry weight, respectively, in November 2006. The concentrations of alkPAHs gradually decreased, while the parent PAHs in shellfish degraded more slowly than the alkPAHs, which was likely due to the persistent characteristics of PAHs...
April 8, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400019/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-from-swine-slaughtered-in-two-different-types-of-philippine-abattoir
#14
Alyzza Marie B Calayag, Phyllis Anne P Paclibare, Pauline Dianne M Santos, Corinne Aimee C Bautista, Windell L Rivera
Salmonella enterica is a well-known pathogen commonly acquired from the consumption of contaminated food. It has been estimated to affect millions of humans and cause hundreds of thousands of deaths per year globally. Pork, one of the most commonly consumed meats worldwide, has been identified as one of the main sources of human salmonellosis. In this study, we aimed to detect and characterize S. enterica from slaughtered swine and generate antimicrobial resistance profiles of select isolates. Tonsils and jejunum with mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) were collected from a total of 240 swine from eight abattoirs (five accredited and three locally registered abattoirs) across Metro Manila...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393743/associations-between-motives-for-dish-choice-during-home-meal-preparation-and-diet-quality-in-french-adults-findings-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#15
Pauline Ducrot, Caroline Méjean, Philippine Fassier, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Sandrine Péneau
A number of motives such as constraints or pleasure have been suggested to influence dish choices during home-meal preparation. However, no study has evaluated how the importance conferred to these motives potentially influence diet quality. The present study aims at investigating the difference in diet quality according to the importance attached by individuals to various dish choice motives. The importance of twenty-seven criteria related to dish choices on weekdays was evaluated among 48 010 French adults from the NutriNet-Santé study...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388922/viral-and-serological-kinetics-in-zika-virus-infected-patients-in-south-korea
#16
Young Eui Jeong, Go-Woon Cha, Jung Eun Cho, Eun Ju Lee, Youngmee Jee, Won-Ja Lee
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes clinical symptoms similar to those observed in dengue and chikungunya virus infections. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated laboratory testing using a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in January 2016. More than 1,000 suspected cases of infection were tested and nine were confirmed as imported cases of Zika virus infection from January to July 2016. The travel destinations of the infected individuals were Brazil, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic...
April 7, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385850/draft-genome-sequence-of-pseudomonas-pachastrellae-strain-ccug-46540-t-a-deep-sea-bacterium
#17
Margarita Gomila, Magdalena Mulet, Jorge Lalucat, Elena García-Valdés
Pseudomonas pachastrellae strain CCUG 46540(T) (KMM 330(T)) was isolated from a deep-sea sponge specimen collected in the Philippine Sea at a depth of 750 m. The draft genome has an estimated size of 4.0 Mb, exhibits a G+C content of 61.2 mol%, and is predicted to encode 3,592 proteins, including pathways for the degradation of aromatic compounds.
April 6, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381289/causes-consequences-and-policy-responses-to-the-migration-of-health-workers-key-findings-from-india
#18
Margaret Walton-Roberts, Vivien Runnels, S Irudaya Rajan, Atul Sood, Sreelekha Nair, Philomina Thomas, Corinne Packer, Adrian MacKenzie, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ronald Labonté, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: This study sought to better understand the drivers of skilled health professional migration, its consequences, and the various strategies countries have employed to mitigate its negative impacts. The study was conducted in four countries-Jamaica, India, the Philippines, and South Africa-that have historically been "sources" of health workers migrating to other countries. The aim of this paper is to present the findings from the Indian portion of the study. METHODS: Data were collected using surveys of Indian generalist and specialist physicians, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists, dieticians, and other allied health therapists...
April 5, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381234/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-illicit-drug-use-among-university-students-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#19
Siyan Yi, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Indri Hapsari Susilowati
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug use among university students has been recognized as a global public health issue in recent years. It may lead to poor academic performance that in turn leads to poor productivity in their later life. This study explores prevalence of and factors associated with illicit drug use among university students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). METHODS: This multi-country cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam...
April 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379204/how-does-ambient-air-temperature-affect-diabetes-mortality-in-tropical-cities
#20
Xerxes T Seposo, Tran Ngoc Dang, Yasushi Honda
Diabetes is well-known as one of the many chronic diseases that affect different age groups. Currently, most studies that evaluated the effects of temperature on diabetes mortality focused on temperate and subtropical settings, but no study has been conducted to assess the relationship in a tropical setting. We conducted the first multi-city study carried out in tropical cities, which evaluated the temperature-diabetes relationship. We collected daily diabetes mortality (ICD E10-E14) of four Philippine cities from 2006 to 2011...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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