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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333845/-script-concordance-test-first-nationwide-experience-in-pediatrics
#1
Magali Hamui, Juan P Ferreira, Milagros Torrents, Fernando Torres, Mariano Ibarra, Maria F Ossorio, Luis Urrutia, Fernando Ferrero
The Script Concordance Test is a suitable test for assessing clinical reasoning in postgraduate medical education. We present the first nationwide, realtime, web-based experience of a Script Concordance Test administered to 3rd year pediatric residents. The test was administered to 268 residents (postgraduate year 3), from 56 different programs, requiring 46.1 ± 27.1 minutes to complete it, and scoring 65.3 ± 7.47 points. A later survey showed limited satisfaction from participants. This experience showed that this kind of test is feasible in this setting...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333470/history-and-perspectives-of-nuclear-medicine-in-myanmar
#2
Win Mar
Nuclear Medicine was established in Myanmar in 1963 by Dr Soe Myint and International Atomic Energy expert Dr R. Hochel at Yangon General Hospital. Nuclear medicine diagnostic and therapeutic services started with Probe Scintillation Detector Systems and rectilinear scanner. In the early stage, many Nuclear Medicine specialists from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) spent some time in Myanmar and made significant contributions to the development of Nuclear Medicine in our country. The department participated in various IAEA technical cooperation projects and regional cooperation projects...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#3
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330975/emergency-inguinal-hernia-repair-comparison-of-desarda-s-versus-darning-technique
#4
Adeel Hussain, Syed Mehsam, Mansab Ali, Shahid Rasul, Sughra Parveen, Ahson Memon
BACKGROUND: Emergency inguinal hernia repair remains the commonest operation performed by general surgeons all over the world. The aim of this study was to compare the mean operative time, post-operative pain, wound infection and early recurrence between Desarda's and Darning emergency inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial conducted at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. A total of 186 patients of male gender between ages 20-60 years with incarcerated, obstructed and strangulated inguinal hernia were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326453/the-use-of-hall-technique-preformed-metal-crowns-by-specialist-paediatric-dentists-in-the-uk
#6
A Roberts, A McKay, S Albadri
Background Hall technique preformed metal crowns (HTPMCs) have been increasing in use recently, but little is currently known about their use by specialists.Aim To investigate the views and usage of HTPMCs by UK specialist paediatric dentists.Design This was a prospective questionnaire-based study, distributed online to all specialists on the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry email list between July and September 2014.Results Ninety-four questionnaires were completed. The majority of respondents, 65% (61) worked in teaching hospitals, followed by community dental services, 37% (35)...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326398/taking-a-different-approach-to-learning-using-self-reflection
#7
(no author information available yet)
Having settled into practice life, Victoria Davies started to investigate what it meant to be an advanced general practitioner and enrolled for a postgraduate certificate with Harper Adams University.
January 13, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324380/estimated-individual-inhaled-dose-of-fine-particles-and-indicators-of-lung-function-a-pilot-study-among-chinese-young-adults
#8
Tian Xu, Jian Hou, Juan Cheng, Runbo Zhang, Wenjun Yin, Cheng Huang, Xiaochuan Zhu, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
Fine particle (PM2.5)-related lung damage has been reported in most studies regarding environmental or personal PM2.5 concentrations. To assess effects of personal PM2.5 exposures on lung function, we recruited 20 postgraduate students and estimated the individual doses of inhaled PM2.5 based on their microenvironmetal PM2.5 concentrations, time-activity patterns and refereed inhalation rates. During the period of seven consecutive days in each of the four seasons, we repeatedly measured the daily lung function parameters and airway inflammation makers such as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) as well as systemic inflammation markers including interleukin-1β on the final day...
January 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320788/-competence-based-training-in-the-protected-environment-from-sheltered-space-to-real-life
#9
Christina Quandt, Lars Friedrich
The idea of "learning in a protected environment" is frequently used within the framework of postgradual education in anaesthesiology. However it remains unclear and its exact meaning lies in the eye of the beholder. This paper aims to highlight the definition of the term "protected environment" and its relevance in anaesthesiology. This includes teaching and learning strategies like competence based training and simulation based training in all its variations. We conclude with an attempt to classify the wide variety of Simulators and teaching methods in use including their individual problems transferred into real life situations...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320310/comparison-of-current-recruitment-process-for-specialty-residency-training-in-uk-and-usa
#10
Ali Sibtain Farooq Sheikh, Mona Adel Mohamed
In the United Kingdom (UK), the medical education system strives to deliver high quality residency training to junior doctors. The same task is achieved in the United States (USA) but with a different approach. Both systems have advantages and disadvantages in their own accord. Some improvements are required in the process of initial recruitment at grass-root level. This article provides a comparison between the two systems, highlights the inefficiencies and gives suggestions to improve postgraduate medical education...
January 10, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319476/canmeds-scholars-a-national-survey-on-urology-residents-attitudes-towards-research-during-training
#11
Ogi Solaja, Thomas A A Skinner, Thomas B Mcgregor, D Robert Siemens
INTRODUCTION: Participation in scholarly activity is an important tenet of residency training and is firmly entrenched in Canada since the introduction of CANMEDS roles by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. As Canadian residency programs transition to competency-based training, it will remain important to understand how to best implement and encourage scholarly pursuits among resident trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, attitudes, and barriers that surgical residents face when pursuing research during their training...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319384/-student-y-or-studious-an-exploration-of-students-perceptions-of-parallel-learning-in-preregistration-physiotherapy-education
#12
James Milligan, Kate Grafton, John A Hammond
BACKGROUND/AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK), physiotherapy preregistration training is provided at both undergraduate and postgraduate level at 17 higher education institutions (HEIs). Some course teams approach this by teaching preregistration BSc and MSc students simultaneously to meet the same learning outcomes. This is often termed "parallel learning" and it is not known how students perceive this mode of learning. The aim of the study was to explore the perceived benefits and challenges to parallel learning of preregistration BSc and MSc physiotherapy students...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318736/junior-doctor-teaching-delivered-by-near-peers
#13
Oluwaseun Anyiam, Victoria Ware, Maria McKenna, John Hanley
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching - trainees teaching more junior trainee colleagues - has been widely described in undergraduate medical education. Several benefits have been reported, including a more comfortable learning environment for learners and the development of tutors' teaching skills. Near-peer teaching programmes in postgraduate training are less commonly described in the existing literature, however. This article outlines a pilot study of a postgraduate near-peer teaching programme implemented at the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317516/digital-pathology-access-and-usage-in-the-uk-results-from-a-national-survey-on-behalf-of-the-national-cancer-research-institute-s-cm-path-initiative
#14
Bethany Jill Williams, Jessica Lee, Karin A Oien, Darren Treanor
AIM: To canvass the UK pathology community to ascertain current levels of digital pathology usage in clinical and academic histopathology departments, and prevalent attitudes to digital pathology. METHODS: A 15-item survey was circulated to National Health Service and academic pathology departments across the UK using the SurveyMonkey online survey tool. Responses were sought at a departmental or institutional level. Where possible, departmental heads were approached and asked to complete the survey, or forward it to the most relevant individual in their department...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316092/a-cross-sectional-study-of-confidence-in-minor-surgical-skills-amongst-junior-dentists
#15
R M Keat, S A Sheik, M Thomas, R Albuquerque, K Hill
INTRODUCTION: To work in the National Health Service (NHS) as a dentist, the practitioner needs to be on the UK dental "performer's list". To apply for access to this list and work as a General Dental Practitioner (GDP), dentists must be qualified from the European Economic Area (EEA) or, those trained in the UK, must undertake Dental Foundation Training (DFT). Dentists interested in further taught learning or pursuing specialist training must continue working as "Dental Core Trainees" (DCTs)...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306748/postgraduate-nurses-self-assessment-of-clinical-competence-and-need-for-further-training-a-european-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Sigrid Wangensteen, Elisabeth Finnbakk, Annsofie Adolfsson, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Petrie Roodbol, Helen Ward, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Nursing practice requires application of knowledge, skills and values in various combinations and has undergone substantial changes the last decades. An increased focus on inter-professional collaboration and possible new and more independent roles for nurses are described. A variety of programs have been developed in order to educate registered nurses (RN) to meet the changes and demands in health and nursing care throughout the world. AIM: The aims were to 1) describe nurses' self-assessment of clinical competence and need for further training, and 2) explore possible differences between nurses in specialist vs master's programs...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306738/midwifery-students-understanding-and-knowledge-of-normal-birth-before-delivery-of-curriculum
#17
Clare Davison, Clare Davison, Sadie Geraghty, Sara Morris
OBJECTIVE: To generate new knowledge that describes and explains the views and understanding, regarding midwifery and normal birth, that newly enrolled midwifery students hold at the commencement of their midwifery education. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive approach was used in conjunction with an anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary University in Western Australia FINDINGS: Eighteen postgraduate midwifery students (PG), and twenty undergraduate midwifery students (UG), completed the questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306266/learning-curve-and-period-of-experience-required-for-the-competent-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-using-abdominal-computed-tomography-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Ju-Hyun Song, Hajin Cho, Jong-Hak Park, Sungwoo Moon, Joo Yeong Kim, Su-Jin Kim, Sung-Hyuk Choi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the learning curve of novice residents in diagnosing acute appendicitis using abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted within a 4-month period from March 1 to June 30, 2015. After CT scans for right lower quadrant pain or similar acute abdomen were evaluated, postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) residents completed an interpretation checklist. The primary outcome was evaluation of the learning curve for competent CT scan interpretation under suspicion of acute appendicitis...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303937/when-and-who-should-perform-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-surgery
#19
Cecilia Escayola, Juan Jose Torrent, Gwenaël Ferron, François Quenet, Denis Querleu
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death due to gynecologic malignancies. Most patients will be diagnosed at an advanced stage, and despite progress in both surgical procedures and novel targeted therapies, the overall survival of these patients remains very low. Among prognostic factors, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and residual tumor after debulking surgery are the most widely reported. The current review aims to highlight the disparities in the treatment of patients with ovarian cancer and the need for postgraduate training programs in order to accredit gynecologic oncologists...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302511/need-of-department-of-general-practice-family-medicine-at-aiims-all-india-institute-of-medical-sciences-why-the-apex-medical-institute-in-india-should-also-contribute-towards-training-and-education-of-general-practitioners-and-family-physicians
#20
EDITORIAL
Ranabir Pal, Raman Kumar
Family medicine or general practice is the practicing discipline of the majority doctors in India, however formal academic departments of general practice (or family medicine) do not exist in India, as it is not a mandatory requirement as prescribed by the Medical Council of India; the principal regulator of medical education. Currently India has capacity to produce more than 60,000 medical graduates per year, majority of whom are expected to become general practitoners or primary care doctors without under going any vocational training in general practice or family medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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