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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637069/-preference-changes-regarding-future-work-area-and-intended-position-among-german-residents-after-four-years-of-residency
#1
Stine Ziegler, Hendrik van den Bussche, Farina Römer, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Introduction We investigated the preferences of medical residents in Germany with regard to future working place (hospital or private practice) and position (employment/self-employment in private practice; resp. specialist/senior or chief physician in the hospital). This is analysed in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods Annual postal surveys among graduates of seven medical faculties in Germany from their last year ("Practical Year") until after four years of postgraduate training...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#2
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632916/diastasis-of-the-pubic-symphysis-following-vaginal-delivery
#3
Bhumireddy Sujana, Anish Keepanasseril, Dilip K Maurya
Diastasis of the pubic symphysis following vaginal delivery has been reported to occur during 1 in 300-30 000 deliveries [1, 2]. The present study describes two patients who presented at the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry, India, between July 2014 and December 2015 immediately postpartum after instrumental vaginal delivery. The patients provided written informed consent for the publication of the present study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632238/attitudes-among-nurses-toward-the-integration-of-complementary-medicine-into-supportive-cancer-care
#4
Eran Ben-Arye, Bella Shulman, Yael Eilon, Rachel Woitiz, Victoria Cherniak, Ilanit Shalom Sharabi, Osnat Sher, Hiba Reches, Yfat Katz, Michal Arad, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels, Ofer Caspi, Shahar Lev-Ari, Moshe Frenkel, Abed Agbarya, Hana Admi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the attitudes of nurses treating patients with cancer regarding the use of complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) therapies to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life (QOL). 
. DESIGN: Prospective and descriptive.
 
. SETTING: 12 hospital and community care settings in Israel. 
. SAMPLE: 973 nurses working in oncology and non-oncology departments.
. METHODS: A 26-item questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of nurses treating patients with cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632015/the-associations-between-clerkship-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-grades-and-subsequent-performance
#5
Ting Dong, Christopher Zahn, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly A Swygert, Michelle Yoon, Jessica Servey, Steven Durning
Construct: We investigated the extent of the associations between medical students' clinical competency measured by performance in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) during Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine clerkships and later performance in both undergraduate and graduate medical education. BACKGROUND: There is a relative dearth of studies on the correlations between undergraduate OSCE scores and future exam performance within either undergraduate or graduate medical education and almost none on linking these simulated encounters to eventual patient care...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#6
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630508/relationship-between-grit-with-academic-performance-and-attainment-of-postgraduate-training-in-pharmacy-students
#7
Adrian Jason L Palisoc, Rae R Matsumoto, Jackie Ho, Paul J Perry, Terrill T Tang, Eric J Ip
Objective. To determine if Grit-S scores correlate with academic success in a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program, as well as the pursuit and attainment of pharmacy postgraduate (residency or fellowship) training. Methods. A 28-item survey was administered to third- and fourth-year (P3 and P4) pharmacy students. Variables queried included Grit-S score, demographics, pharmacy experience prior to the PharmD program, and factors that may affect academic performance during didactic coursework. Didactic coursework GPA was used as a surrogate for academic success...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630258/realization-of-entry-to-practice-milestones-by-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates must realize a series of milestones to obtain full licensure. We examined the realization of milestones by Canadian and non-Canadian graduates of Western or Caribbean medical schools, and Canadian and non-Canadian graduates from other medical schools. METHODS: Using the National IMG Database (data available for 2005-2011), we created 2 cohorts: 1) international medical graduates who had passed the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part I between 2005 and 2010 and 2) those who had first entered a family medicine postgraduate program between 2005 and 2009, or had first entered a specialty postgraduate program in 2005 or 2006...
June 19, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#9
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627737/caries-treatment-decisions-among-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-students-supported-by-visual-detection-systems
#10
Vinícius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Diego Girotto Bussaneli, Manuel Restrepo Restrepo, Rubens Spin-Neto, Lourdes Aparecida Martins Dos Santos-Pinto, Thalita Boldieri, Rita de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: The difficulties of caries diagnosis and the level of examiner's experience may influence the treatment decision, resulting excessive and inefficient intervention. AIM: This randomized experimental study evaluated caries treatment decisions made by undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) students when examination was performed through conventional visual clinical examination (CVCE) and when supported by ICDAS (IC) or Nyvad's (NY) criteria. DESIGN: Four UG and four PG initially analyzed, by CVCE, 300 primary incisors and molars surfaces of 25 children aged 5-12 years, and choose between no treatment, non-operative, and operative treatment...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627411/impact-of-procedural-training-on-pregnancy-outcomes-and-career-satisfaction-in-female-post-graduate-medical-trainees-in-the-united-states
#11
Jennifer S Davids, Rebecca E Scully, Nelya Melnitchouk
BACKGROUND: Compared to non-procedural fields, procedural specialization requires longer training, less flexible schedules, and greater physical demands. The impact of these factors on pregnancy, maternity outcomes, and career satisfaction has not been well described. STUDY DESIGN: Data were gathered from 738 United States postgraduate medical trainee mothers via an anonymous, IRB-approved online survey. Univariate analysis was performed using Chi-squared tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#12
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626489/conference-report-on-the-indo-global-summit-on-head-and-neck-oncology-igshno-2017-bmcon-iv-24-26-february-2017-jaipur-india
#13
Tej Prakash Soni, Anil K Gupta, Lalit M Sharma, Pawan Singhal, Dinesh Yadav, Umesh Bansal
'The multidisciplinary approach: expanding treatment horizons for head and neck cancer' was the major theme of the Indo Global Summit on Head and Neck Oncology (IGSHNO 2017-BMCON-IV). The meeting, held in Jaipur (Rajasthan, India) from 24 to 26 February 2017, assembled 600 participants from India and worldwide. It was organised by the Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (BMCHRC), Jaipur. BMCHRC Jaipur is one of the largest superspeciality oncology research and treatment centres in north India...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625496/can-we-get-faculty-interviewers-on-the-same-page-an-examination-of-a-structured-interview-course-for-surgeons
#14
Aimee K Gardner, Brenna C D'Onofrio, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Guidance on how to train faculty to conduct structured interviews and implement them into current screening processes is lacking. The goal of this study is to describe a structured interview training program designed specifically for surgeons and examine its effectiveness. METHODS: Faculty involved in advanced surgical fellowship interviews completed a 20-item knowledge assessment and video-based applicant interview ratings before taking a half-day course on conducting structured interviews...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623678/the-acculturation-language-and-learning-experiences-of-international-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-education
#15
Creina Mitchell, Letitia Del Fabbro, Julie Shaw
BACKGROUND: International or foreign students are those who enrol in universities outside their country of citizenship. They face many challenges acculturating to and learning in a new country and education system, particularly if they study in an additional language. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative inquiry aimed to explore the learning and acculturating experiences of international nursing students to identify opportunities for teaching innovation to optimise the experiences and learning of international nursing students...
June 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623114/characterizing-the-relationship-between-surgical-resident-and-faculty-perceptions-of-autonomy-in-the-operating-room
#16
Katelyn A Young, Samantha M Lane, John E Widger, Nina M Neuhaus, James T Dove, Marcus Fluck, Marie A Hunsinger, Joseph A Blansfield, Mohsen M Shabahang
OBJECTIVE: Characterize the concordance among faculty and resident perceptions of surgical case complexity, resident technical performance, and autonomy in a diverse sample of general surgery procedures using case-specific evaluations. DESIGN: A prospective study was conducted in which a faculty surgeon and surgical resident independently completed a postoperative assessment examining case complexity, resident operative performance (Milestone assessment) and autonomy (Zwisch model)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621282/radiographic-screening-of-patients-in-a-dental-school-using-the-prosthodontic-diagnostic-index
#17
Sharaz Shaik, Eman Alamodi, Ghaliah Alshahrani, Khalid H Alfaifi
INTRODUCTION: Organization of the findings associated with various diagnostic aids plays a key role in formulating the treatment plan of the patients undergoing dental and medical treatment. Enhanced consistency in diagnosing and classifying prosthodontic patients is the basic purpose of various classification systems. Hence, we planned this study to classify partially edentulous patients and completely dentate patients at the undergraduate clinics using the prosthodontic diagnostic index (PDI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#18
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#19
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#20
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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