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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812095/-working-hour-preferences-of-female-and-male-residents-developments-over-4%C3%A2-years-of-postgraduate-medical-training-in-germany
#1
REVIEW
Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
OBJECTIVES: This article addresses developments regarding working hours and working hour preferences of residents undergoing postgraduate training in Germany and analyses if, and for what reasons, full-time or part-time working models are preferred. METHODS: The source of data is the KarMed study, which is based on yearly postal surveys carried out among graduates of the year 2008/2009 from seven medical faculties in Germany. The interviews took place during the entire postgraduate training period...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809364/clinician-related-factors-behind-the-decision-to-extract-an-asymptomatic-lower-third-molar-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-spanish-and-portuguese-dentists
#2
D Alves-Pereira, D Pereira-Silva, R Figueiredo, C Gay-Escoda, E Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Scientific literature estimates that around 18 to 40 % of asymptomatic third molars are extracted. The aims of the present study were to determine the indications for extraction of asymptomatic lower third molars in a sample of Spanish and Portuguese dentists, and to relate these indications to the clinicians' training and professional experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey consisting of 15 cases of asymptomatic lower third molars was emailed to Portuguese and Spanish dentists...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803074/hospice-palliative-care-development-in-hungary
#3
Agnes Csikos, Csilla Busa, Katalin Muszbek
During the past 25 years many developmental steps have occurred in Hungary in palliative care. Further education and service development is needed to provide a quality palliative care for all the Hungarian people. Hungary has a universal health care system with a developed infrastructure. The first Hungarian hospice team started in 1991. At that time the concept of hospice care was unknown. Symptom control and psychosocial support for the dying patient was inadequate. The regulatory framework was based on the 1997 Health Care Act which was followed by significant palliative care legislation including documents on the legal requirements for palliative care (2004)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801411/exploring-newly-qualified-doctors-workplace-stressors-an-interview-study-from-australia
#4
Victoria R Tallentire, Samantha E Smith, Adam D Facey, Laila Rotstein
PURPOSE: Postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) doctors suffer from high levels of psychological distress, yet the contributory factors are poorly understood. This study used an existing model of workplace stress to explore the elements most pertinent to PGY1 doctors. In turn, the data were used to amend and refine the conceptual model to better reflect the unique experiences of PGY1 doctors. METHOD: Focus groups were undertaken with PGY1 doctors working at four different health services in Victoria, Australia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801000/palliative-care-development-in-ukraine
#5
Victoria Tymoshevska, Kseniya Shapoval-Deinega
There are approximately 1 million cancer patients in Ukraine and 90,000 cancer deaths a year, 35% of these are diagnosed in the late stage of disease. Ukraine has the most severe HIV epidemic in the region with more than 200,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS and 6000-10000 deaths annually. The morphine consumption rate is among the lowest in the. The first palliative care services were established in 1996 and the number has slowly increased with services provided in inpatient units, home and day care programs and by a range of health care providers...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797863/palliative-care-development-in-mongolia
#6
Odontuya Davaasuren, Frank Ferris
CONTEXT: Since the year 2000, Mongolia has established the foundation measures for a national palliative care program and has made several significant achievements. METHODS: Systematic reviews and observational studieson palliative care development in Mongolia have taken place overthe past 16 years. RESULTS: Mongolia began palliative care development in 2000 with the creation of the Mongolian Palliative Care Society and the Palliative Care Department...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797851/palliative-care-development-in-georgia
#7
Nina Kiknadze, Pati Dzotsenidze
Georgia has established the foundational measures for a national palliative care program-policy, education, drug availability, and implementation. Amendments to legislation needed to develop palliative care have been approved. Palliative care has been recognized as a subspecialty in oncology, critical care, internal medicine and surgery. The National Plan for Palliative Care for 2011-2016 was approved. Opioids, especially oral morphine, are available on a limited basis for patients at home but oral morphine is not available for patients in the hospital...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796774/an-in-country-model-of-workforce-support-for-trained-mid-level-eye-care-workers-in-papua-new-guinea-and-pacific-islands
#8
Julie Brûlé, Benoit Tousignant, Graeme Nicholls, Matthew G Pearce
To alleviate the significant burden of vision impairment and blindness in low-resource settings, addressing the shortage in human resources in eye care is one of the fundamental strategies. With its postgraduate training programmes, The Fred Hollows Foundation New Zealand (FHFNZ) aims to increase workforce capacity in the Pacific Island countries and territories and Papua New Guinea. This paper presents an in-country model to offer support to graduates, an essential element to retain them in the workforce and ensure they are able to perform the tasks they were trained to do...
August 11, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780560/interprofessional-online-learning-for-primary-healthcare-findings-from-a-scoping-review
#9
Scott Reeves, Simon Fletcher, Clodagh McLoughlin, Alastair Yim, Kunal D Patel
OBJECTIVES: This article presents the findings from a scoping review which explored the nature of interprofessional online learning in primary healthcare. The review was informed by the following questions: What is the nature of evidence on online postgraduate education for primary healthcare interprofessional teams? What learning approaches and study methods are used in this context? What is the range of reported outcomes for primary healthcare learners, their organisations and the care they deliver to patients/clients? SETTING: The review explored the global literature on interprofessional online learning in primary healthcare settings...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780314/a-high-definition-video-teaching-module-for-thyroidectomy-surgery
#10
Amr F Hamour, Adrian I Mendez, Jeffrey R Harris, Vincent L Biron, Hadi Seikaly, David W J Côté
OBJECTIVE: With the changing landscape of postgraduate surgical education to competency-based curricula, there emerges a need for alternative forms of training. Video teaching modules have been shown to be effective tools in surgical education, complementing traditional postgraduate curricula. There is a lack of validated modules described in the literature, specifically for teaching thyroidectomy. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a high definition video-based teaching module instructing thyroidectomy surgery to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery trainees...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771800/current-efforts-in-medical-education-to-incorporate-national-health-priorities
#11
Manisha Nair, Gracia Fellmeth
As a reflection on the Edinburgh Declaration, this conceptual synthesis presents six important challenges in relation to the role of medical education in meeting current national health priorities. CONTEXT: This paper presents a conceptual synthesis of current efforts in medical education to incorporate national health priorities as a reflection on how the field has evolved since the Edinburgh Declaration. Considering that health needs vary from country to country, our paper focuses on three broad and cross-cutting themes: health equity, health systems strengthening, and changing patterns of disease...
August 3, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771092/advancing-nursing-scholarship-the-mozambique-model
#12
Judith C Bruce, Joan Dippenaar, Shelley Schmollgruber, David D Mphuthi, Agnes Huiskamp
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of Human Resources for Health for the development and functioning of health systems worldwide, many countries continue to be plagued by poor health systems and a lack of adequate health care. Health systems failures may be attributed to both quantitative and qualitative nursing shortages including the lack of advanced skills to lead health initiatives, to conduct research and to educate other nurses. The response by development partners is usually framed around the production of skilled nurses through the processes of up-skilling and scaling-up...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770886/frequency-of-acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-with-first-episode-of-febrile-seizures
#13
Hina Batool Siddiqui, Nighat Haider, Zarmast Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of acute bacterial meningitis in children with first episode of febrile seizures. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Polyclinic, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan, from December 2012 to August 2013, and comprised patients with first episode of fever and seizure. SPSS 10 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the157 patients, 12(7.6%) were diagnosed to have acute bacterial meningitis with 5(41...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770885/a-survey-to-determine-motivating-factors-to-quit-opioids-in-treatment-seekers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#14
Muhammad Iqbal Afridi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of different motivating factors to quit opioid use. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from August 2012 to February 2013, and comprised opioid users. Demographic data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire whereas motivational factor was assessed through a self-designed proforma. A motivational factor questionnaire was developed after a pilot study...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768363/implementing-entrustable-professional-activities-the-yellow-brick-road-towards-competency-based-training
#15
David Moore, Christopher J Young, Jonathan Hong
BACKGROUND: We describe implementation of competency-based postgraduate surgical training, using an entrustable professional activities (EPAs) programme. The programme aims to improve patient outcomes by optimizing supervision of surgical trainees, creating opportunities for additional teaching and feedback. The curriculum was designed to maximize feasibility for implementation within a colorectal surgical department. METHODS: The curriculum was developed using previously described methods by consensus between two consultants within the department...
August 2, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765129/medical-school-selection-criteria-as-predictors-of-medical-student-empathy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-students-ireland
#16
Donnchadh M O'Sullivan, Joseph Moran, Paul Corcoran, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh, Aoife M O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether performance in any of the Health Professions Admissions Test (HPAT) sections, most specifically the interpersonal understanding section, correlates with self-reported empathy levels in medical students. SETTING: The study was conducted in University College Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 290 students participated in the study. Matching HPAT scores were available for 263 students. All male and female undergraduate students were invited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764199/evaluation-of-competencies-related-to-personal-attributes-of-resident-doctors-by-360-degree
#17
Harsha Jani, Wasea Narmawala, Jaishree Ganjawale
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate teaching involves training the residents in all spheres including professionalism, communication and interpersonal skills in addition to the basic clinical skills. Therefore, 360 degree evaluation has gained focus due to increased standards of medical care as shown in this study. AIM: To evaluate interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism in residents doctors using 360 degree evaluation method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a descriptive study conducted at a tertiary care hospital affiliated with a medical college...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763740/what-european-gynaecologists-need-to-master-consensus-on-medical-expertise-outcomes-of-pan-european-postgraduate-training-in-obstetrics-gynaecology
#18
Jessica E van der Aa, Annalisa Tancredi, Angelique J Goverde, Petr Velebil, Jaroslav Feyereisl, Chiara Benedetto, Pim W Teunissen, Fedde Scheele
OBJECTIVE: European harmonisation of training standards in postgraduate medical education in Obstetrics and Gynaecology is needed because of the increasing mobility of medical specialists. Harmonisation of training will provide quality assurance of training and promote high quality care throughout Europe. Pan-European training standards should describe medical expertise outcomes that are required from the European gynaecologist. This paper reports on consensus development on the medical expertise outcomes of pan-European training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology...
July 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762071/an-evaluation-system-for-postgraduate-pediatric-residency-programs-report-of-a-3-year-experience
#19
Liviana Da Dalt, Pasquale Anselmi, Sara Furlan, Silvia Carraro, Eugenio Baraldi, Egidio Robusto, Giorgio Perilongo
The way a postgraduate medical training program is organized and the capacity of faculty members to function as tutors and to organize effective professional experiences are among the elements that affect the quality of training. An evaluation system designed to target these elements has been implemented within the framework of the Pediatric Residency Program of the University of Padua (Italy). The aim of this report is to describe some aspects of the experience gained in the first 3 years of implementation of the system (2013-2015)...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761885/self-directed-learning-barriers-in-a-virtual-environment-a-qualitative-study
#20
Noushin Kohan, Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Amirhousein Emami
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing trend in online education courses in higher education institutes. Previous studies have shown that high levels of self-direction are essential for successful online learning. The present study aims to investigate challenges of and barriers to self-directed virtual-learning among postgraduate students of medical sciences. METHOD: 23 postgraduate virtual students of medical sciences in Iran, collected through maximum variation purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews, served as the sample of this study...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
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