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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#1
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335820/exploring-the-tensions-of-being-and-becoming-a-medical-educator
#2
Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications may face additional tensions (i.e., internal or external conflicts or concerns) from differentiation by others, greater responsibilities and translational work against the status quo. This study explores the complex and multi-faceted tensions of educators with qualifications in medical education at various stages in their career...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333194/aesthetic-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-fellowship-director-survey
#3
Francesco M Egro, Ololade T Saliu, Foad Nahai, Vu T Nguyen
Background: Desirable candidate characteristics for aesthetic surgery fellowship applicants remain unknown because of a lack of data in the literature. Objectives: This study aims to identify the criteria used to select applicants for aesthetic surgery fellowship in the United States. Methods: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all directors of fellowships endorsed by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (n = 20) in the United States...
February 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332182/status-update-on-women-s-reproductive-health-care-and-obstetrics-gynecology-postgraduate-training-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#4
Rachel Chan Seay, A P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, Clark T Johnson, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
Academic partnerships can help to expand the women's reproductive healthcare workforce and improve maternal mortality.(1) In-country postgraduate and continuing medical education opportunities are key to training and retaining specialized physicians. The present report describes a developing academic partnership to build capacity in Sierra Leone following the Ebola virus disease epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#5
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331996/use-of-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-among-german-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-implications-for-patient-care-within-the-praegnant-study-network
#6
Carlo Fremd, Carolin C Hack, Andreas Schneeweiss, Geraldine Rauch, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Florin-Andrei Taran, Andreas Hartkopf, Friedrich Overkamp, Hans Tesch, Tanja Fehm, Peyman Hadji, Wolfgang Janni, Diana Lüftner, Michael P Lux, Volkmar Müller, Johannes Ettl, Erik Belleville, Christof Sohn, Florian Schuetz, Matthias M Beckmann, Peter A Fasching, Markus Wallwiener
PURPOSE: The present study aims to analyze a cohort of advanced breast cancer patients in Germany to assess their interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and patient's use of most frequent CAM methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the PREGNANT real-time breast cancer registry which is a multicenter study in Germany, questionnaires of 580 patients with advanced breast cancer were evaluated. The implemented questionnaire for CAM asked for general interest in CAM and for patient's use of different CAM methods at present and in the past...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331374/clinical-experience-and-skills-of-physicians-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-teams-in-denmark-a-nationwide-study
#7
Kasper G Lauridsen, Anders S Schmidt, Philip Caap, Rasmus Aagaard, Bo Løfgren
BACKGROUND: The quality of in-hospital resuscitation is poor and may be affected by the clinical experience and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. This study aimed to investigate the clinical experience, self-perceived skills, CPR training and knowledge of the guidelines on when to abandon resuscitation among physicians of cardiac arrest teams. METHODS: We performed a nationwide cross-sectional study in Denmark. Telephone interviews were conducted with physicians in the cardiac arrest teams in public somatic hospitals using a structured questionnaire...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328640/we-are-going-to-name-names-and-call-you-out-improving-the-team-in-the-academic-operating-room-environment
#8
Richard Bodor, Brian J Nguyen, Kevin Broder
INTRODUCTION: Communication failures between multidisciplinary teams can impact efficiency, performance, and morale. Academic operating rooms (ORs) often have surgical, anesthesia, and nursing teams, each teaching multiple trainees. Incorrectly identifying name and "rank" (postgraduate year [PGY]) of resident trainees can disrupt performance evaluations and team morale and even potentially impair delivery of quality care when miscommunication errors proliferate. METHODS: Our OR-based survey asked 50 participants (18 surgeons, 14 anesthesiologists, and 18 nursing members), to recall basic identification data including provider names and PGY levels from their recent collaborating OR teams...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328273/the-origins-of-a-two-tier-profession-a-nursing-school-at-a-poor-law-infirmary
#9
Niall McCrae, Katerina Kuzminska
Niall McCrae, Lecturer, and Katerina Kuzminska, Postgraduate Nursing Student, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College, London, chart the influences of Nightingale's Poor Law infirmary reforms.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327273/factors-affecting-orthopedic-residency-selection-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Jason Strelzow, Robert Petretta, Henry M Broekhuyse
BACKGROUND: Annually, orthopedic residency programs rank and recruit the best possible candidates. Little evidence exists identifying factors that potential candidates use to select their career paths. Recent literature from nonsurgical programs suggests hospital, social and program-based factors influence program selection. We sought to determine what factors influence the choice of an orthopedic career and a candidate's choice of orthopedic residency program. METHODS: We surveyed medical student applicants to orthopedic programs and current Canadian orthopedic surgery residents (postgraduate year [PGY] 1-5)...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326924/research-and-improvement-is-important-to-all-nurses
#11
(no author information available yet)
When embarking on a new semester teaching research methods to postgraduate students, I prepare myself for the debates from students about the relevance of research methods to their nursing practice. Despite the nursing profession moving so far from the days of nurses as handmaidens, some remain reluctant to engage in research education.
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322647/career-decision-making-self-efficacy-and-professional-commitment-among-master-nursing-students
#12
Jingxia Wang, Rui Guo, Minhui Liu, Xiaofei Zhang, Lu Ren, Mei Sun, Siyuan Tang
Developing countries face a shortage of nurses with higher education, such as those with a master's degree. However, few studies have investigated the interaction between career decision and professional commitment (PC) of nursing students, especially for postgraduates. This study performed correlation analysis for career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and PC of 545 nursing postgraduate students from nursing schools at 19 universities or colleges throughout mainland China, who came from different regions, and possessed different years of study and different types of degrees as well as part-time job experiences...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321472/feasibility-and-benefits-of-the-ewe-as-a-model-for-vaginal-surgery-training
#13
Yohan Kerbage, Géraldine Giraudet, Chrystèle Rubod, Charles Garabedian, Géraldine Rivaux, Michel Cosson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to evaluate the ewe as an animal model for teaching and training in vaginal surgery. METHODS: Twenty-nine postgraduate surgeons attended a training course on vaginal prolapse surgery. After a review of human and sheep anatomy, the participants performed transvaginal meshes, vaginal hysterectomy, SSLF (Richter), and OAS repair in ewes and human cadavers. Participants completed questionnaires on the whole course. RESULTS: Questionnaires showed the significant superiority of ewes over human cadavers for all items evaluated regarding surgical dissections...
March 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321138/student-preparation-for-pgy1-residency-training-by-us-colleges-of-pharmacy-survey-of-the-residency-program-director-perspective
#14
Alyssa B Mutz, Jacob Beyer, Whitney L Dickson, Irina Gutman, Filiz Yucebay, Marcie Lepkowsky, Juliana Chan, Kristen Carter, Christopher L Shaffer, Patrick D Fuller
Purpose: To evaluate current residents' level of preparation by US colleges of pharmacy for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residency training from the perspective of residency program directors (RPDs). Methods: RPDs were asked in an electronic survey questionnaire to rate PGY1 pharmacy residents' abilities in 4 domains: communication, clinical knowledge, interpersonal/time-management skills, and professionalism/leadership. Results: One hundred ninety-seven RPDs of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)-accredited PGY1 programs completed the survey...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317249/getting-back-to-the-dissecting-room-an-evaluation-of-an-innovative-course-in-musculoskeletal-anatomy-for-uk-based-rheumatology-training
#15
Tim Blake, Debbi Marais, Andrew B Hassell, Kay Stevenson, Zoe Paskins
BACKGROUND: The rheumatologist relies heavily on clinical skills to diagnose diverse conditions, something that is correlated with one's knowledge of clinical anatomy. More recently, rheumatology has offered further career flexibility with opportunities to develop skills such as joint injection and musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound, both of which require a sound understanding of anatomy. Currently, there are no formal strategies to support competency-based anatomy learning in rheumatology in the UK...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303980/comparison-of-oral-candida-species-prevalence-and-carriage-among-gutka-chewers-and-betel-quid-chewers
#16
Tariq Abduljabbar, Mudassir Hussain, Tariq Adnan, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: To compare prevalence and carriage of Candida species among gutka-chewers and betel-quid-chewers. METHODS: The cross-sectional case-control study was conducted between January and December, 2015 at the Oral Surgery department of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and the Dental department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and comprised oral yeast samples of gutka-chewers, betel-quid-chewers, and non-chewers. A standardised questionnaire was used to gather demographic data and oral hygiene maintenance information...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#17
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302124/reliability-and-acceptability-of-six-station-multiple-mini-interviews-past-behavioural-versus-situational-questions-in-postgraduate-medical-admission
#18
Toru Yamada, Juichi Sato, Hiroshi Yoshimura, Tomoya Okubo, Eiji Hiraoka, Takashi Shiga, Tadao Kubota, Shigeki Fujitani, Junji Machi, Nobutaro Ban
BACKGROUND: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) is increasingly used for postgraduate medical admissions and in undergraduate settings. MMIs use mostly Situational Questions (SQs) rather than Past-Behavioural Questions (PBQs). A previous study of MMIs in this setting, where PBQs and SQs were asked in the same order, reported that the reliability of PBQs was non-inferior to SQs and that SQs were more acceptable to candidates. The order in which the questions are asked may affect reliability and acceptability of an MMI...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300734/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-ii-academics-and-research-dissertation
#19
Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Barun Kumar Nayak, Santhan Gopal, Yogesh Shah, Samar K Basak
PURPOSE: To know the perception of young ophthalmologists about their dissertation and academics during residency training in order to improve the research output during present residency programs in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, the world's second largest ophthalmic professional's organization, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those who completed residency between 2005 and 2012) to gauge usefulness of dissertation or thesis during postgraduate residency...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300489/a-postgraduation-follow-up-of-social-work-students-trained-in-sbirt-rates-of-usage-and-perceptions-of-effectiveness
#20
Evan Senreich, Lydia P Ogden, Joy Pastan Greenberg
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based modality that can help social workers work with substance-using clients as part of an integrated health care approach. This study reports the findings of a post-graduation one-year follow-up survey of 193 master's and bachelor's social work students trained in SBIRT in practice courses at a Northeast urban college. Forty-three percent of the trainees who were practicing social work after graduation were using SBIRT. A content analysis of participants' comments found that the vast majority found SBIRT to be a valuable practice modality, with barriers to utilization of SBIRT identified...
March 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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