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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783256/-psychological-features-of-the-motivation-component-in-the-training-of-doctors-in-the-system-of-postgraduate-education
#1
Svitlana Koshova, Viktoriia Horachuk, Valerii Pishchykov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Тhe problem of motivating adult learning in postgraduate education has so far been the subject of study primarily in methodological and pedagogical studies. They focus on the analysis of the content side of the motivation of adult learning activities. As for the problem of the dynamics of motivation for adult learning activities, including for doctors in the system of postgraduate medical education with continuous professional development, it has not been sufficiently studied so far...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782402/understanding-conflict-management-styles-in-anesthesiology-residents
#2
Terrie Vasilopoulos, Christopher R Giordano, Jack D Hagan, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Successful conflict resolution is vital for effective teamwork and is critical for safe patient care in the operating room. Being able to appreciate the differences in training backgrounds, individual knowledge and opinions, and task interdependency necessitates skilled conflict management styles when addressing various clinical and professional scenarios. The goal of this study was to assess conflict styles in anesthesiology residents via self- and counterpart assessment during participation in simulated conflict scenarios...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#3
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781694/family-medicine-training-in-africa-views-of-clinical-trainers-and-trainees
#4
Louis S Jenkins, Klaus Von Pressentin
BACKGROUND:  This article reports on the findings of a workshop held at the joint 5th World Organisation of Family Doctors (WONCA) Africa and 20th National Family Practitioners Conference in Tshwane, South Africa, in 2017. Postgraduate training for family medicine in Africa takes place in the clinical workspace at the bedside or next to the patient in the clinic, district hospital or regional hospital. Direct supervisor observation, exchange of reflection and feedback, and learning conversations between the supervisor and the registrar are central to learning and assessment processes...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781693/collaborative-postgraduate-training-in-family-medicine-and-primary-care-reflections-on-my-visit-to-south-africa
#5
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
This reflection describes my funded visit to South Africa to assist in primary care research capacity building as Chair, WONCA Working Party on Research (WP-R). The trip included time at the Universities of Walter Sisulu, Limpopo and Stellenbosch to mentor postgraduate students working on master's and PhD theses. I held one-on-one and group sessions and ran interactive scientific writing workshops. I assisted with the establishment of a Stellenbosch University Family Physician Research Network of faculty academics and family physicians (FP) which will generate research questions from community stakeholders...
April 26, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776452/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-registered-general-nurses-a-case-of-a-large-central-hospital-in-harare-zimbabwe
#7
M Chiwaridzo, V Makotore, J M Dambi, N Munambah, M Mhlanga
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a common cause of morbidity affecting occupational individuals such as health-care professionals. However, nothing is known about WMSDs in hospital nurses in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to provide cross-sectional evidence of the 12-month prevalence, consequences and factors associated with WMSDs among 208 nurses at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals (PGH). RESULTS: The response rate for the study was 55...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#8
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773125/regional-overview-of-specific-populations-workforce-considerations-training-and-diseases-in-latin-america
#9
REVIEW
Jose Pablo Stolovitzky, Jacqueline Alvarado
Latin America has significant disparities that make the region vulnerable in the delivery of health care. There is a need to plan comprehensive health care strategies that result in a more robust trained health care workforce, while improving the quality and efficiencies of tertiary public hospitals. This article introduces a survey conducted among otorhinolaryngology leaders in the region that identified the need to strengthen postgraduate programs. Although all countries in Latin America have at least one residency program, more otorhinolaryngology-trained specialists are necessary to address the workforce shortages that are present in about 50% of Latin American countries...
June 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765259/shadowing-emergency-medicine-residents-by-medical-education-specialists-to-provide-feedback-on-non-medical-knowledge-based-acgme-sub-competencies
#10
Anna L Waterbrook, Karen C Spear Ellinwood, T Gail Pritchard, Karen Bertels, Ariel C Johnson, Alice Min, Lisa R Stoneking
Objective: Non-medical knowledge-based sub-competencies (multitasking, professionalism, accountability, patient-centered communication, and team management) are challenging for a supervising emergency medicine (EM) physician to evaluate in real-time on shift while also managing a busy emergency department (ED). This study examines residents' perceptions of having a medical education specialist shadow and evaluate their nonmedical knowledge skills. Methods: Medical education specialists shadowed postgraduate year 1 and postgraduate year 2 EM residents during an ED shift once per academic year...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#11
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760364/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-based-on-the-patient-oriented-pharmacology-personal-drug-p-drug-and-integrated-drug-idrug
#12
Toshihiko Yanagita
The installation of nursing colleges/universities has rapidly increased from the late 1990s, there are 255 institutions in Japan as of 2017. Pharmacology and clinical pharmacology education in undergraduate and postgraduate nursing colleges/universities is highly important, however, the lack of human resources involved in pharmacology education due to the rapid increase of nursing colleges/universities cannot be denied. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan established a 〝nursing education model core curriculum〟 for quality assurance of education at nursing colleges/universities...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756556/mapping-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-practice-in-palliative-care-a-european-association-for-palliative-care-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Gail Eva, Deidre Morgan
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists play an integral role in the care of people with life-limiting illnesses. However, little is known about the scope of occupational therapy service provision in palliative care across Europe and factors influencing service delivery. AIM: This study aimed to map the scope of occupational therapy palliative care interventions across Europe and to explore occupational therapists' perceptions of opportunities and challenges when delivering and developing palliative care services...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756543/postdoctoral-opportunities-for-nursing-phd-graduates-a-resource-guide
#14
Maichou Lor, Tolu Oyesanya, Chen X Chen, Catherine Cherwin, Chooza Moon
Before completing a nursing PhD program, doctoral students are encouraged to seek out and apply for a position in one of many, often highly competitive postdoctoral programs. These programs include the more traditional National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded experiences, such as the T32, as well as the nontraditional institution funded positions, including the associate faculty role. Graduates often need guidance on which postdoctoral programs are available, the resources each program offers to promote development of the applicant's program of research, the disadvantages of each program, and what each program uses as benchmarks for success...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756061/anaesthesiology-trainees-and-their-needs-a-romanian-perspective-results-from-a-european-survey
#15
Liana Valeanu, Mihai Stefan, Diogo Sobreira Fernandes, Michela Rauseo, Bernardo Matias, Cornelia Predoi, Serban Bubenek, Daniela Filipescu
Anaesthesiology training is going through continuous transformations worldwide. Recent data from a European Survey on anaesthesiology postgraduate trainees and their concerns have been published for the first time, following an initiative by the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Among the responders of this survey, 10.8% were represented by Romanian trainees. The main needs of the Romanian anaesthesiology trainees who completed the questionnaire were, in descending order educational contents/EDAIC, technical skills, exchange programmes, residency workload, residency costs and autonomy transition...
April 2018: Romanian journal of anaesthesia and intensive care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754467/teaching-treatment-planning-for-protons-with-educational-open-source-software-experience-with-foca-and-matrad
#16
Daniel Sanchez-Parcerisa, Jose Udías
Open-source, MATLAB-based treatment planning systems FoCa and matRAD were used in a pilot project for training prospective medical physicists and postgraduate physics students in treatment planning and beam modeling techniques for proton therapy. In the four exercises designed, students learnt how proton pencil beams are modeled and how dose is calculated in three-dimensional voxelized geometries, how pencil beam scanning plans (PBS) are constructed, the rationale behind the choice of spot spacing in patient plans, and the dosimetric differences between photon IMRT and proton PBS plans...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754105/motivational-factors-influencing-nurses-to-undertake-postgraduate-hospital-based-education
#17
Danny Kinsella, Margaret Fry, Alison Zecchin
Specialist postgraduate education improves patient health outcomes, and assists in meeting the emerging specialisation of nursing practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivational factors that influence nurses' engagement with hospital-based postgraduate education. The research design was descriptive and exploratory, using a survey method. The survey consisted of demographic details, the Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and open-ended questions. Thirty-four participants (100%) completed the survey...
May 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746682/improving-antibiotic-prescribing-skills-in-medical-students-the-effect-of-e-learning-after-6-months
#18
Jonne J Sikkens, Martine G Caris, Tim Schutte, Mark H H Kramer, Jelle Tichelaar, Michiel A van Agtmael
Background: Antimicrobial prescribing behaviour is first established during medical study, but teachers often cite lack of time as an important problem in the implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in the medical curriculum. The use of electronic learning (e-learning) is a potentially time-efficient solution, but its effectiveness in changing long-term prescribing behaviour in medical students is as yet unknown. Methods: We performed a prospective controlled intervention study of the long-term effects of a short interactive e-learning course among fourth year medical students in a Dutch university...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745484/-transition-from-postgraduate-training-to-independent-practice-can-we-do-better
#19
Noëlle Junod Perron, Cédric Lanier, Sanae Mazouri
Transition from postgraduate training to independent practice in primary care can be experienced as very stressful. This may be partly explained by the fact that in Switzerland, only six months training in ambulatory medicine are required as part of a five year training for the title of primary care physician. This seems largely insufficient given the diversity of tasks and skills to master. This article aims to make junior doctors aware of the medical and non medical skills they should acquire before entering in primary care independent practice (practice management, insurance, medico-legal issues)...
May 9, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743703/what-to-do-to-improve-postgraduate-mental-health
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
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