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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156745/predictive-value-of-preoperative-inflammatory-response-biomarkers-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-post-pcnl-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-in-patients-with-nephrolithiasis
#1
Kun Tang, Haoran Liu, Kehua Jiang, Tao Ye, Libin Yan, Peijun Liu, Ding Xia, Zhiqiang Chen, Hua Xu, Zhangqun Ye
Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) were promising biomarkers used to predict diagnosis and prognosis in various inflammatory responses diseases and cancers. However, there have been no reports regarding these biomarkers in kidney stone patients. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of inflammatory biomarkers for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and post-PCNL SIRS in nephrolithiasis patients...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152298/medullary-nephrocalcinosis-in-idiopathic-hypercalciuria
#2
Abhilash Koratala, Vikrampal Bhatti
Idiopathic hypercalciuria is a metabolic abnormality characterized by excessive calcium excretion in the urine with normal serum calcium levels and is a common risk factor for formation of kidney stones and/or nephrocalcinosis. These patients benefit from a normal-calcium, reduced-animal protein, and low-salt diet, along with a thiazide diuretic.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151179/comparison-of-three-analgesic-drug-regimens-with-twelfth-subcostal-nerve-block-for-pain-control-during-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#3
Miguel Maldonado-Avila, Leopoldo Mateo Garduño-Arteaga, Roberto Alejandro Vela-Mollinedo, Jorge Jaspersen-Gastelum, Francisco Virgen-Gutierrez, Marcos Del Rosario-Santiago, Victor Rios-Davila
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the first-line treatment in the majority of cases of upper urinary tract stones. Since its introduction, attempts have been made to establish the ideal accompanying analgesic method to enable the application of shock waves of adequate duration and intensity for efficacious stone fragmentation. An open, randomized, prospective, longitudinal, comparative, and experimental clinical study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of subcostal nerve block with lidocaine, comparing it in combination with tramadol or diclofenac for pain control during ESWL...
November 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144937/re-comparison-of-croes-s-t-o-n-e-and-guy-s-scoring-systems-for-the-prediction-of-stone-free-status-and-complication-rates-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144936/re-vascular-disease-and-kidney-stones-abdominal-aortic-calcifications-are-associated-with-low-urine-ph-and-hypocitraturia
#5
Dean G Assimos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144935/re-a-prospective-randomized-comparison-of-micropercutaneous-nephrolithotomy-microperc-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-rirs-for-the-management-of-lower-pole-kidney-stones
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144625/acquired-hemophilia-presenting-as-gross-hematuria-following-kidney-stone-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Max Schmidt-Bowman, Lael Reinstatler, Eric P Raffin, Joseph E Yared, John D Seigne, Einar F Sverrisson
A rare condition in itself, acquired hemophilia A, seldom presents as isolated gross hematuria. It is a serious condition with a high mortality rate and thus clinical suspicion followed by prompt diagnosis is imperative (1). In fact, only 8 cases of such presentation of this condition have been reported thus far in the literature. Of these, none describe the initial presentation of hematuria with the inciting event of a kidney stone. We present a case of a 67-year-old man with signs and symptoms of nephrolithiasis accompanied by profuse hematuria, who was subsequently found to have developed expression of factor VIII inhibitor leading to acquired hemophilia A...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137105/urgent-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-for-proximal-ureter-stones-accompanied-with-obstructive-pyelonephritis-is-it-safe-and-effective-without-preoperative-drainage
#8
Huan Yang, Xiao Yu, Ejun Peng, Cong Li, Lei Cui, Xing Zeng, Shen Wang, Chao Wei, Zhihua Wang, Xiaolin Guo, Zhiqiang Chen, Zhangqun Ye, Shaogang Wang, Chenming Zhao
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones accompanied with obstructive pyelonephritis without preoperative drainage.We retrospectively reviewed 21 cases of proximal ureteral stones with infected kidney undergoing RLU between July 2013 and September 2016. Stone-induced obstructive infected hydronephrosis was diagnosed using blood and urine tests and imaging modalities. Empirical effective broad spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated immediately, and then urgent RLU was performed without preoperative drainage...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133141/abdominal-fat-pad-excisional-biopsy-for-the-diagnosis-and-typing-of-systemic-amyloidosis
#9
Yessica Garcia, A Bernard Collins, James R Stone
In the past, the diagnosis and typing of amyloidosis often required an invasive biopsy of an internal organ, such as the heart or kidneys. Abdominal fat pad excisional biopsy (FPEB) offers a less invasive approach, but the sensitivity of this technique has been unclear. To determine the sensitivity of FPEB for immunoglobulin light chain (AL) and transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, we performed a retrospective clinicopathologic analysis of 97 patients who had undergone FPEB, of which 16 were positive for amyloid...
November 10, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132983/relative-supersaturation-of-24-hour-urine-and-likelihood-of-kidney-stones
#10
Megan Prochaska, Eric Taylor, Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Gary Curhan
PURPOSE: Relative supersaturations of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid are used clinically in kidney stone prevention. The magnitudes of association between relative supersaturation and stone risk require further quantification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using 24-hour urine collections from Nurses' Health Study I (NHS I), Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II), and Health Professional Follow-up Study (HPFS) cohorts to quantify the association between calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid relative supersaturations levels and likelihood of stone formation...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131810/the-role-of-trapped-bubbles-in-kidney-stone-detection-with-the-color-doppler-ultrasound-twinkling-artifact
#11
Julianna C Simon, Oleg A Sapozhnikov, Wayne Kreider, Michael Breshock, James C Williams, Michael R Bailey
The color Doppler ultrasound twinkling artifact, which highlights kidney stones with rapidly changing color, has the potential to improve stone detection; however, its inconsistent appearance has limited its clinical utility. Recently, it was proposed stable crevice bubbles on the kidney stone surface cause twinkling; however, the hypothesis is not fully accepted because the bubbles have not been directly observed. In this paper, the micron or submicron-sized bubbles predicted by the crevice bubble hypothesis are enlarged in kidney stones of five primary compositions by exposure to acoustic rarefaction pulses or hypobaric static pressures in order to simultaneously capture their appearance by high-speed photography and ultrasound imaging...
November 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130676/-the-feasibility-of-ct-attenuation-value-to-predict-the-composition-of-upper-urinary-calculi-and-success-rate-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#12
Yu Fan, Zhen-Hua Liu, Qiang Wei, Zhuang Tang, Liang-Ren Liu, Bi-Hua Ren, Xiang Li, Yi-Ge Bao, Lu Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of CT attenuation value (CTvalue) to predict the composition of upper urinary calculi and the number of shock waves (NSW) and success rate (SR) of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: A total of 146 patients with upper urinary calculi treated by ESWL were included. CT scan was performed before ESWL. Upper urinary calculi with the maximum diameters of less than or equal to 2 cm were included. Infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze the composition of calculi...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125974/investigations-of-trace-and-toxic-elements-of-kidney-stones-from-two-different-sudanese-areas-by-%C3%A2%C2%B5-pixe-using-nuclear-microprobe-nmp
#13
REVIEW
M E M Eisa, C A Pineda-Vargas, Sami E E Salah, A L Rodgers
In this study 14 kidney stones (oxalate and phosphate stones) collected from two Sudanese hospitals Particle Induced X ray Emission (µ-PIXE). This technique was used to investigate the matrix as well as the trace element compositions of kidney stones on a microscopic scale using 1.5MeV proton energy. Significant differences in elements content across the groups were found by applying statistical methods. Trace elements such as P,Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Sr, Br, and Pb showed a possible linear relationship of the mean profile for trace elements for each group of stones...
October 18, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124877/sporadic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-and-stone-disease-a-comprehensive-metabolic-evaluation-before-and-after-parathyroidectomy
#14
Giovanni S Marchini, Kauy V M Faria, Fábio C M Torricelli, Manoj Monga, Miguel Srougi, William C Nahas, Eduardo Mazzucchi
OBJECTIVES: to characterize the stone risk and the impact of parathyroidectomy on the metabolic profile of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and urolithiasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the prospectively collected charts of patients treated at our stone clinic from Jan/2001-Jan/2016 searching for patients with PHPT and urolithiasis. Imaging evaluation of the kidneys, bones and parathyroid glands were assessed. We analyzed the demographic data, serum and urinary parameters before and after parathyroidectomy...
November 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118544/the-rarest-phenomenon-of-flexible-ureterolithotripsy-kidney-stone-in-supernumerary-type-combination-with-a-horseshoe-kidney
#15
Musab Ilgi, Cemil Kutsal, Cumhur Yesildal, Ayhan Dalkilinc, Sinan Levent Kirecci
The horseshoe kidney (HSK) is common and supernumerary kidney is the rarest developmental anomaly of the urogenital system. The supernumerary kidney in a HSK conjunction is extremely rare, and prevalence of it is unknown. A review of literature, there have been a few case reports about the supernumerary and HSK combination, however, none of which also had a concomitant kidney stone and obstructive pathology. Our case indicated that patient referred to flank pain and visible hematuria to our clinic, and further investigations demonstrate supernumerary kidney in a horseshoe configuration and kidney stone...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118539/laparoscopic-heminephrectomy-in-horseshoe-kidneys-a-single-center-experience
#16
Santosh Agrawal, Jaisukh Kalathia, Saurabh Sudhir Chipde, Udit Mishra, Anurag Tyagi, Sanjay Parashar
Introduction: Laparoscopic approach in horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a challenge because of the aberrant vessels, the renal isthmus and the renal ectopia are all unique features of this anomaly encountered during the surgery. We report our single center experience with this technique in managing three patients with HSK. Methods: A total of 15 cases (9 males and 6 females) were operated between June 2011 and December 2016 for various indications. Of these four patients were managed laparoscopically, two patients with HSK had non-functioning renal moiety underwent transperitoneal heminephrectomy...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116257/kidney-cancer-axl-expression-predicts-prognosis
#17
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114110/the-diagnosis-of-obstructive-hydronephrosis-with-color-doppler-ultrasound
#18
Petrit Nuraj, Nexhmi Hyseni
Background: The obstructive hydronephrosis is a term that implicates the structural and functional changes of the kidneys as a result of difficulties in the flow of urine. Hydronephrosis specifically describes dilation and swelling of the kidney. Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when the kidney swells due to the failure of normal drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder. Our aim was to evaluate the degree of hydronephrosis, causes and diagnostic method. Material and...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105635/clinical-efficacy-of-unani-medicine-renax-for-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#19
Mushtaq Ahmad, Ghazala Shaheen, Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad Akram, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Shahbaz Ahmad Zakki
Stone formation occurs most commonly in acute and chronic renal failure. A kidney stone is a solid lump made up of crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. The current study was conducted to investigate the clinical efficacy of Unani medicine Renax in comparison with allopathic medicine (Spironolactone + Furosemide) to treat urolithiasis. The study was conducted in District Dera Ghazi Khan, South Punjab region. This was case control, randomized, double blind clinical study...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104789/evaluation-of-selected-doppler-parameters-of-renal-blood-flow-in-patients-undergoing-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#20
Krzysztof Balawender, Stanisław Orkisz
Introduction: Despite the risk of complications, which does not exceed several percent, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) causes morphological and functional changes in kidneys as a result of the effect of the generated shock wave energy on the renal parenchyma structure. Material and methods: Forty-two patients were included in the study. The mean age in the studied group was 50.9 years (SD ±13.7). Extracorporeal lithotripsy treatments were carried out during the period from January 2014 to April 2014 using an electromagnetic shock wave generator...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
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