keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lorazepam

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882463/joint-bap-napicu-evidence-based-consensus-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-acute-disturbance-de-escalation-and-rapid-tranquillisation
#1
Maxine X Patel, Faisil N Sethi, Thomas Re Barnes, Roland Dix, Luiz Dratcu, Bernard Fox, Marina Garriga, Julie C Haste, Kai G Kahl, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Hamish McAllister-Williams, Aileen O'Brien, Caroline Parker, Brodie Paterson, Carol Paton, Sotiris Posporelis, David M Taylor, Eduard Vieta, Birgit Völlm, Charlotte Wilson-Jones, Laura Woods
The British Association for Psychopharmacology and the National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care and Low Secure Units developed this joint evidence-based consensus guideline for the clinical management of acute disturbance. It includes recommendations for clinical practice and an algorithm to guide treatment by healthcare professionals with various options outlined according to their route of administration and category of evidence. Fundamental overarching principles are included and highlight the importance of treating the underlying disorder...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870596/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-safety-and-tolerability-of-mirogabalin-when-coadministered-with-lorazepam-zolpidem-tramadol-or-ethanol-results-from-drug-drug-interaction-studies-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Mendel Jansen, Jeanne Mendell, Alexander Currie, James Dow, Ling He, Domenico Merante, Victor Dishy, Hitoshi Ishizuka, Hamim Zahir
Four randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-period drug-drug interaction studies were conducted in healthy subjects to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PD) interactions between mirogabalin and commonly used central nervous system depressants. Mirogabalin or placebo was administered alone or with single-dose lorazepam, zolpidem, tramadol, ethanol, or interacting drug placebo. Safety was assessed and serial samples for pharmacokinetic parameters were collected for up to 48 hours postdose...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868463/persistent-hypothermia-and-excessive-sweating-following-intrathecal-morphine-administration-in-a-teenage-boy-a-case-report
#3
Sara Ferraz, Telma Caria, Aline Vaz Da Silva, Maria Jose Candeias, Teresa Cenicante
Introduction: Opioids are used intrathecally to manage surgical pain. There are few reports of hypothermia after spinal morphine injection, none in the pediatric population. We present a teenager's case of mild hypothermia. Case Presentation: A 15-year-old boy was scheduled for elective abdominal laparotomy. General anesthesia was combined with spinal anesthesia, using levobupivacaine and morphine. In the recovery room, he presented a decreased tympanic temperature (34...
February 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867462/effects-of-antiepileptic-drugs-on-spontaneous-recurrent-seizures-in-a-novel-model-of-extended-hippocampal-kindling-in-mice
#4
Hongmei Song, Uilki Tufa, Jonathan Chow, Nila Sivanenthiran, Chloe Cheng, Stellar Lim, Chiping Wu, Jiachun Feng, James H Eubanks, Liang Zhang
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder characterized by naturally-occurring spontaneous recurrent seizures and comorbidities. Kindling has long been used to model epileptogenic mechanisms and to assess antiepileptic drugs. In particular, extended kindling can induce spontaneous recurrent seizures without gross brain lesions, as seen clinically. To date, the development of spontaneous recurrent seizures following extended kindling, and the effect of the antiepileptic drugs on these seizures are not well understood...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844949/potentially-inappropriate-use-of-benzodiazepines-and-z-drugs-in-the-older-population-analysis-of-associations-between-long-term-use-and-patient-related-factors
#5
Aliaksandra Mokhar, Niklas Tillenburg, Jörg Dirmaier, Silke Kuhn, Martin Härter, Uwe Verthein
Introduction: The long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZD) and z-drugs in older populations is associated with a variety of sociodemographic and health-related factors. Recent studies reported that long-term BZD and z-drugs use is associated with increased age, female sex, and severe negative psychological (e.g., depression) and somatic (e.g., chronic disease) factors. The current study explores the sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with long-term BZD and z-drugs use in the elderly...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800507/implementation-of-an-intensive-care-unit-specific-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-management-protocol-reduces-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation
#6
Jason J Heavner, Kathleen M Akgün, Mojdeh S Heavner, Claire C Eng, Matthew Drew, Peter Jackson, David Pritchard, Shyoko Honiden
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use disorders are prevalent and put patients at risk for developing alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). Treatment of AWS with a symptom-triggered protocol standardizes management and may avoid AWS-related complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether implementation of an intensive care unit (ICU)-specific, symptom-triggered protocol for management of AWS was associated with improved clinical outcomes and, in particular, would reduce the risk of patients with AWS requiring mechanical ventilation...
May 25, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800375/a-non-comparative-prospective-pilot-study-of-ketamine-for-sedation-in-adult-septic-shock
#7
Jason M Reese, Victoria Fernandes Sullivan, Nathan L Boyer, Cristin A Mount
Introduction: Sedation and analgesia in the intensive care unit (ICU) for patients with sepsis can be challenging. Opioids and benzodiazepines can lower blood pressure and decrease respiratory drive. Ketamine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that provides both amnesia and analgesia without depressing respiratory drive or blood pressure. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effect of ketamine on the vasopressor requirement in adult patients with septic shock requiring mechanical ventilation...
May 24, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783905/effects-of-lorazepam-on-saccadic-eye-movements-the-role-of-sex-task-characteristics-and-baseline-traits
#8
Ulrich Ettinger, Inga Meyhöfer, Mitul A Mehta, Veena Kumari, Philip J Corr, Steven Cr Williams, Adam M Perkins
BACKGROUND: Saccadic eye movements are controlled by a network of parietal, frontal, striatal, cerebellar and brainstem regions. The saccadic peak velocity is an established biomarker of benzodiazepine effects, with benzodiazepines reliably reducing the peak velocity. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to replicate the effects of benzodiazepines on peak velocity and we investigated effects on previously less studied measures of saccades. We also explored the roles of sex, task characteristics and the baseline variables age, intelligence and trait anxiety in these effects...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748926/adjunctive-use-of-ketamine-for-benzodiazepine-resistant-severe-alcohol-withdrawal-a-retrospective-evaluation
#9
Poorvi Shah, Marc McDowell, Reika Ebisu, Tabassum Hanif, Theodore Toerne
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepine (BZD)-resistant alcohol withdrawal remains a challenge for most institutions due to limited evidence with available agents. One published study currently exists utilizing the N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist, ketamine, for alcohol withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of adjunctive ketamine continuous infusion on symptom control and lorazepam infusion requirements for BZD-resistant alcohol withdrawal patients in the intensive care unit...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728779/prevalence-of-selected-pharmaceuticals-in-surface-water-receiving-untreated-sewage-in-northwest-pakistan
#10
Aisha Khan, Dilawar Farhan Shams, Waliullah Khan, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Qasim, Maryam Saad, Ayesha Hafeez, Shams Ali Baig, Nisar Ahmed
This study investigated the occurrence of four non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and four benzodiazepines/anti-depressants (ADs) in municipal wastewater in Mardan city, Pakistan, and in River Kabul and River Indus receiving untreated sewage. Liquid chromatography with a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used for the analysis of paracetamol, diclofenac, ibuprofen, and codeine (NSAIDs) and diazepam, bromazepam, lorazepam, and temazepam (ADs). Except codeine and lorazepam, all the target compounds were observed in sewage and surface water in various concentrations...
May 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717425/removal-of-pharmaceutically-active-compounds-from-synthetic-and-real-aqueous-mixtures-and-simultaneous-disinfection-by-supported-tio-2-uv-a-h-2-o-2-uv-a-and-tio-2-h-2-o-2-uv-a-processes
#11
Morgana Bosio, Suéllen Satyro, João Paulo Bassin, Enrico Saggioro, Márcia Dezotti
Pharmaceutically active compounds are carried into aquatic bodies along with domestic sewage, industrial and agricultural wastewater discharges. Psychotropic drugs, which can be toxic to the biota, have been detected in natural waters in different parts of the world. Conventional water treatments, such as activated sludge, do not properly remove these recalcitrant substances, so the development of processes able to eliminate these compounds becomes very important. Advanced oxidation processes are considered clean technologies, capable of achieving high rates of organic compounds degradation, and can be an efficient alternative to conventional treatments...
May 1, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698346/a-mixed-presentation-of-serotonin-syndrome-vs-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#12
Christie Sun, Hannah Sweet, Alicia B Minns, Desiree Shapiro, Willough Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and serotonin syndrome (SS) are serious medical conditions associated with commonly prescribed psychiatric medications. Although the mechanisms differ, they can be clinically difficult to distinguish. We report a case of a pediatric patient with complicated psychiatric history that developed features of both syndromes in the setting of polypharmacy. CASE: A 12-year-old boy with a history of developmental delay, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder presented to the emergency department with behavior changes consisting of delayed reactions, gait instability, drooling, and slowed movements...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697715/catatonia-in-the-medically-ill-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-the-academy-of-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-evidence-based-medicine-subcommittee-monograph
#13
Lex Denysenko, Nicole Sica, Thomas M Penders, Kemuel L Philbrick, Audrey Walker, Scott Shaffer, Paula Zimbrean, Oliver Freudenreich, Nicole Rex, Brendan T Carroll, Andrew Francis
BACKGROUND: Catatonia in medically ill patients is rare but often unrecognized. This monograph summarizes current knowledge on the diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, and management of catatonia occurring in the medical setting. METHODS: PubMed searches were used to identify relevant articles from 1962 to present. RESULTS: More than 3,000 articles were obtained and reviewed for relevance, including references of articles identified by the initial search...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671522/lorazepam-added-to-haloperidol-effective-for-agitated-delirium-in-end-of-life-cancer-patients
#14
Nita Shrikant Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670504/clozapine-induced-cardiovascular-side-effects-and-autonomic-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#15
Jessica W Y Yuen, David D Kim, Ric M Procyshyn, Randall F White, William G Honer, Alasdair M Barr
Background: Clozapine is the antipsychotic of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia and has minimal risk for extrapyramidal symptoms. Therapeutic benefits, however, are accompanied by a myriad of cardiometabolic side-effects. The specific reasons for clozapine's high propensity to cause adverse cardiometabolic events remain unknown, but it is believed that autonomic dysfunction may play a role in many of these. Objective: This systematic review summarizes the literature on autonomic dysfunction and related cardiovascular side effects associated with clozapine treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605868/6-gingerol-ameliorates-behavioral-changes-and-atherosclerotic-lesions-in-apoe-mice-exposed-to-chronic-mild-stress
#16
Shuai Wang, Miao Tian, Ronglai Yang, Yating Jing, Wei Chen, Jinliang Wang, Xian Zheng, Fengrong Wang
Chronic mild stress (CMS) has been demonstrated to contribute to atherosclerosis. 6-gingerol (6-Gin), a phenolic component of ginger (Zingiber officinale), has been shown to exert numerous pharmacological properties, such as anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects. Here we investigated the role of CMS in the development of atherosclerosis in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed ApoE-/- mice and evaluated the potential therapeutic effects of 6-Gin. Mice were exposed to CMS for 20 weeks, at week 5, they were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD), then received 6-Gin (20 mg/kg/day, intragastrically) treatment...
March 31, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605792/determination-of-benzodiazepines-in-beverages-using-green-extraction-methods-and-capillary-hplc-uv-detection
#17
Maurizio Piergiovanni, Achille Cappiello, Giorgio Famiglini, Veronica Termopoli, Pierangela Palma
Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with and without ultrasound assistance (DLLME, UA-DLLME) and microextraction with packed sorbent (MEPS) methods for the extraction and determination of eight different benzodiazepines (BDZ) (chlordiazepoxide, flurazepam, bromazepam, oxazepam, lorazepam, clobazam, clonazepam, and flunitrazepam) in three commercial non-alcoholic and light alcoholic beverages were optimized and compared. Benzodiazepines are frequently used for their extensive diffusion and strong numbing effect in drug-facilitated crimes (DFC)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605483/severe-opioid-withdrawal-precipitated-by-vivitrol%C3%A2
#18
R S Wightman, L S Nelson, J D Lee, L M Fox, S W Smith
The risk of severe precipitated opioid withdrawal (POW) is amplified when precipitated by a long-acting opioid antagonist. IM extended release naltrexone (XRNTX;Vivitrol®) is an FDA approved therapy to prevent relapse of opioid and alcohol abuse. Two cases of precipitated opioid withdrawal from XRNTX are presented that illustrate different patient reactions to POW. A 56-year-old woman developed a hypertensive emergency and required continuous intravenous vasodilator, clonidine, and intensive care monitoring after re-initiation of XRNTX following opioid relapse...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570859/oral-lorazepam-can-be-substituted-for-intravenous-midazolam-when-weaning-paediatric-intensive-care-patients-off-sedation
#19
Anna C van der Vossen, Merel van Nuland, Erwin G Ista, Saskia N de Wildt, Lidwien M Hanff
AIM: Intravenous sedatives used in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) need to be tapered after prolonged use to prevent iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome (IWS). We evaluated the occurrence of IWS and the levels of sedation before and after conversion from intravenous midazolam to oral lorazepam. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, single cohort study of children under the age of 18 admitted to the PICU of the Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, between January 2013 and December 2014...
March 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557601/sedation-and-analgesia-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units-in-argentina
#20
Pedro Taffarel, German Bonetto, Facundo Jorro Barón, Claudia Meregalli
INTRODUCTION: Children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are exposed to experiencing pain, stress and anxiety due to their disease, treatment or care setting. Adequate sedation and analgesia are key to their care, particularly in patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the usual practice in sedation and analgesia management in patients requiring MV in PICUs in Argentina. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, multi-center study conducted by means of e-mailed surveys...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
keyword
keyword
43428
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"