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Diabetic nephrology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657211/etiological-profile-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-retrospective-hospital-based-study
#1
Manjuri Sharma, Prodip Doley, Himanab Jyoti Das
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases globally, with rising incidence and prevalence. It is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and coronary artery disease, which are the main causes of death in this population. The etiology of CKD is varied. This study was performed to evaluate the various etiologies of CKD among patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology, Guwahati Medical College, a tertiary referral center. A total of 5718 CKD patients were evaluated to identify the cause of CKD...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657209/spectrum-of-biopsy-proven-renal-diseases-a-single-center-experience
#2
Lakshminarayana R Gopaliah, Indu Sudakaran, Seethalekshmy Vijayan Nalumakkal, Ranjit Narayanan, Biju Meckattuparamban Vareed
Kidney biopsy is one of the most important tools in the assessment of kidney disease as histopathological diagnosis promotes evidence-based practice in Nephrology. This study included 271 consecutive percutaneous kidney biopsies (145 males and 126 females) performed at EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India, from September 2009 to March 2016. Among the biopsy-proven renal diseases (BPRD), primary glomerular diseases (PGD) were the most common (77.78%) followed by secondary glomerular diseases (SGD) (12...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657204/urinary-tract-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipients-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#3
Debabrata Mukherjee, Sourabh Sharma, Ranjith K Nair, Bhaskar Datt, Dhawal Arora, Ananth Rao
Our objective was to determine incidence, predisposing factors, and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in our center. This was cross-sectional observational study, conducted at the Department of Nephrology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi, India. Two hundred and ten renal transplant recipients were studied over one year. Out of 210 transplant recipients, 69 (32.86%) had UTI. Majority (59/69) had undergone live renal transplantation and 10 cases had received cadaveric grafts...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656901/different-rates-of-progression-and-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-at-outpatient-nephrology-clinics-across-europe
#4
Katharina Brück, Kitty J Jager, Carmine Zoccali, Aminu K Bello, Roberto Minutolo, Kyriakos Ioannou, Francis Verbeke, Henry Völzke, Johan Arnlöv, Daniela Leonardis, Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Hermann Brenner, Ben Caplin, Philip A Kalra, Christoph Wanner, Alberto Martinez Castelao, Jose Luis Gorriz, Stein Hallan, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dino Gibertoni, Luca De Nicola, Georg Heinze, Wim Van Biesen, Vianda S Stel
The incidence of renal replacement therapy varies across countries. However, little is known about the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) outcomes. Here we describe progression and mortality risk of patients with CKD but not on renal replacement therapy at outpatient nephrology clinics across Europe using individual data from nine CKD cohorts participating in the European CKD Burden Consortium. A joint model assessed the mean change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and mortality risk simultaneously, thereby accounting for mortality risk when estimating eGFR decline and vice versa, while also correcting for the measurement error in eGFR...
April 12, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651696/diversity-of-the-midstream-urine-microbiome-in-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Holly Kramer, Gina Kuffel, Krystal Thomas-White, Alan J Wolfe, Kavitha Vellanki, David J Leehey, Vinod K Bansal, Linda Brubaker, Robert Flanigan, Julia Koval, Anuradha Wadhwa, Michael J Zilliox
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of the midstream urine microbiome in adults with stage 3-5 non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) and diuretic use were recruited from outpatient nephrology clinics. Midstream voided urine specimens were collected using the clean-catch method. The bacterial composition was determined by sequencing the hypervariable (V4) region of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene...
April 12, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629608/intravenous-pulses-of-methylprednisolone-to-treat-flares-of-immune-mediated-diseases-how-much-how-long
#6
A Danza, I Borgia, J I Narváez, A Baccelli, C Amigo, M Rebella, V Domínguez
Introduction Glucocorticoids are widely used in the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. Despite their widespread use, details on dosing, effectiveness and adverse effects are yet to be determined. Objective To know the current use of methylprednisolone (MTP) in the management of immune-mediated conditions, evaluating the relationship among doses, therapeutic response and adverse effects. Methodology A multicenter retrospective cohort study was designed, including patients who received intravenous pulses of MTP between 1 January 2013 and 12 December 2015 in three different hospitals in Uruguay...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629274/current-characteristics-of-dialysis-therapy-in-korea-2016-registry-data-focusing-on-diabetic-patients
#7
Dong-Chan Jin, Sung-Ro Yun, Seoung Woo Lee, Sang-Woong Han, Won Kim, Jongha Park, Yong-Kyun Kim
Diabetic nephropathy is the most frequent cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Dialysis patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have more complications and shorter survival duration than non-DM dialysis patients, requiring more clinical attention and difficult management. The registry committee of the Korean Society of Nephrology has collected data about dialysis therapy in Korea through an on-line registry program and analyzed the characteristics of patients. A survey of dialysis patients in 2016 showed that 50...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621990/risk-factors-for-long-term-mortality-in-patients-admitted-with-severe-infection
#8
J Francisco, I Aragão, T Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Severe infection is a main cause of mortality. We aim to describe risk factors for long-term mortality among inpatients with severe infection. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in a 600-bed university hospital in Portugal including all patients with severe infection admitted into intensive care, medical, surgical, hematology and nephrology wards over one-year period. The outcome of interest was 5-year mortality following infection. Variables of patient background and infectious episode were studied in association with the main outcome through multiple logistic regression...
April 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615173/outcome-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-on-the-basis-of-referral-to-nephrologist-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#9
Muhammad Anees, Yasir Hussain, Muhammad Ibrahim, Irfan Ilahi, Sajjad Ahmad, Khushbakht Isma Asif, Amina Jameel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients presenting for dialysis on the basis of referral to nephrologist. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Nephrology Department of King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2016. METHODOLOGY: All patients who were presented in nephrology outpatients department and with the indication of dialysis were included in study...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593879/the-role-of-desmopressin-in-the-management-of-severe-hypovolemic-hyponatremia-a-single-center-comparative-analysis
#10
Frank L Ward, Sheldon W Tobe, David M J Naimark
Background: The role of desmopressin (DDAVP) to prevent or treat rapid serum sodium concentration ([Na]s) correction during hyponatremia management remains unclear. Objective: To assess DDAVP use during the first 48 hours of severe, hypovolemic hyponatremia management. The primary study hypothesis was that the use of DDAVP would slow the rate of [Na]s correction compared with those not receiving DDAVP. Design: A retrospective, observational, comparison study...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572627/functional-impairment-and-risk-of-mortality-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis-results-of-the-lazio-dialysis-registry
#11
Maurizio Bossola, Claudia Marino, Anteo Di Napoli, Nera Agabiti, Luigi Tazza, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: Functional impairment is associated with adverse outcomes in older people, as well as in patients on chronic hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate if functional impairment represents a risk factor for reduced survival in patients on chronic hemodialysis. METHODS: All incident chronic hemodialysis patients of Lazio, a large region of central Italy, registered in the Dialysis and Transplant Lazio Region Registry (DTLRR) in the period 2008-2013 were considered eligible...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554891/public-knowledge-of-chronic-kidney-disease-evaluated-using-a-validated-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pankti A Gheewala, Gregory M Peterson, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino
BACKGROUND: Screening programs may help to address the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Australia. Public awareness is an important determinant of the uptake of screening programs. However, data on the public knowledge of CKD in Australia is lacking. The aim of this study was to develop a validated questionnaire and assess the Australian public knowledge of CKD. METHODS: A CKD knowledge questionnaire was developed after reviewing the literature and discussions with nephrology experts...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552340/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-utility-and-safety-of-kidney-transplant-biopsies-by-nephrology-trainees-and-consultants
#13
Michael E Reschen, Andrea Mazzella, Edward Sharples
Background and aims: Dysfunction of a kidney transplant often requires histological sampling by percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. Transplant biopsy is more specialized than native kidney biopsy, the indications and complications are less well defined and in England are performed mainly by nephrologists. The aims of the study were to evaluate the adequacy and complication rate in living and deceased donor recipients according to training status of the nephrologist, assess the accuracy of physicians in predicting rejection, the threshold creatinine rise for biopsy, and the change in drug management post-biopsy...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522878/quantification-of-molecular-heterogeneity-in-kidney-tissue-by-targeted-proteomics
#14
K Johanna R Hoyer, Sebastian Dittrich, Malte P Bartram, Markus M Rinschen
Renal diseases are driven by alterations in the entity of proteins within the kidney, at the level of single cells, nephron subunits (such as glomerulus and tubule), tissues and body fluids. Histologically, kidney diseases are extremely heterogeneous. Mass-spectrometry based proteomics provides a unique opportunity to interrogate heterogeneity and dynamics of various proteome layers within the kidney to better understand physiology and pathophysiology, and to translate signaling networks into therapies. Yet, the success of this endeavor will largely depend on improving proteomic data acquisition methods toward increased reproducibility...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481564/short-term-renal-outcomes-following-acute-kidney-injury-among-dengue-patients-a-follow-up-analysis-from-large-prospective-cohort
#15
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Amer Hayat Khan, Azreen Syazril Adnan, Azmi Sarriff, Yusra Habib Khan, Siew Hua Gan
BACKGROUND: Despite myriad improvements in the care of dengue patients, acute kidney injury (AKI) remained least appreciated intricacy of dengue infection. Exiting literature does not provide any information on renal outcomes among dengue patients surviving an episode of AKI. METHODS: Dengue patients who developed AKI were followed up for post-discharge period of three months and renal recovery was assessed by using recovery criteria based on different thresholds of serum creatinine (SCr) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477278/-initiation-of-first-dialysis-and-three-months-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-french-territories-of-guadeloupe-and-guyane
#16
Jacqueline Deloumeaux, Gaël Samut, Devi Rochemont, Henri Merault, Roger Dufresne, Valérie Galantine, Yannick Tirolien, Catherine Léonardi, Antoine Adenis, Jessica Peruvien, Mathieu Nacher, Jean-Marc Gabriel
End stage renal disease is a major public health problem in the French Departments of Guadeloupe and Guiana because of the high prevalence of both type 2 diabetes and hypertension. We investigated factors associated with an emergency start of dialysis, 3 months' quality of life for patients starting a first replacement therapy in Guadeloupe and French Guiana using the data of the Réseau épidémiologie et information en néphrologie network, completed with data from the quality of life questionnaires SF-36 and KDQoL...
February 21, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473380/longitudinal-prospective-observational-type-study-about-determinants-of-renal-resistive-index-variations-in-chronic-renal-failure-patients-treated-with-conventional-medical-and-dietetic-therapy
#17
Simone Brardi, Gabriele Cevenini, Vanni Giovannelli, Giuseppe Romano
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal prospective observational type study was conceived with the aim to examine the impact on renal resistive index (RRI) of the variables that we can manipulate with therapeutic and or dietetic interventions in a chronic kidney disease population in order to known which of these variables was statistically related to changes in RRI and therefore could become the object of the greatest therapeutic effort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was undertaken between May 2016 to May 2017 in the outpatient nephrology and urology clinic of San Donato Hospital in Arezzo...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464759/urine-waste-product-or-biologically-active-tissue
#18
(no author information available yet)
AIMS: Historically, urine has been viewed primarily as a waste product with little biological role in the overall health of an individual. Increasingly, data suggest that urine plays a role in human health beyond waste excretion. For example, urine might act as an irritant and contribute to symptoms through interaction with-and potential compromise of-the urothelium. METHODS: To explore the concept that urine may be a vehicle for agents with potential or occult bioactivity and to discuss existing evidence and novel research questions that may yield insight into such a role, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease invited experts in the fields of comparative evolutionary physiology, basic science, nephrology, urology, pediatrics, metabolomics, and proteomics (among others) to a Urinology Think Tank meeting on February 9, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431364/chronic-kidney-disease-detection-and-evaluation
#19
David Y Gaitonde, David L Cook, Ian M Rivera
Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple guidelines recommend at least annual screening with serum creatinine, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, and urinalysis for patients with risk factors, particularly diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a history of cardiovascular disease...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424185/predictors-of-early-failure-and-secondary-patency-in-native-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis
#20
Rui Abreu, Sara Rioja, Joaquin Vallespin, Xavier Vinuesa, Ruben Iglesias, Jose Ibeas
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is considered the gold standard of vascular access for hemodialysis due to its longer survival, fewer complications, lower mortality and costs. Patency is important for effective dialysis treatment and this remains a challenge in nephrology. There are no well-defined prognostic factors for early and long-term AVF survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate comorbidity, analytical and ultrasound (US) variables as prognostic factors for early failure and AVF patency...
February 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
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