keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Insulin AND amyloid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353263/subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-biology-in-metabolic-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Ishwarlal Jialal, Sridevi Devaraj
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common global problem that comprises the cardio-metabolic cluster and predisposes to both diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Although the pathogenic mechanisms have not been elucidated, both increased inflammation and insulin resistance play a pivotal role. It appears that both monocyte/macrophages and adipose tissue (AT) conspire to accentuate both the pro-inflammatory state and increased insulin resistance. Whilst there are scant data on visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) biology, there are data on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) dysregulation...
January 20, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350764/the-protective-effect-of-antarctic-krill-oil-on-cognitive-function-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-in-the-brain-of-senescence-accelerated-prone-mouse-strain-8-samp8-mice
#2
Qian Li, Fengjuan Wu, Min Wen, Teruyoshi Yanagita, Changhu Xue, Tiantian Zhang, Yuming Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, and oxidative stress plays a vital role in its progression. Antarctic krill oil (AKO) is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which has various biological activities, such as improving insulin sensitivity, alleviating inflammation and ameliorating oxidative stress. In this study, the protective effect of AKO against AD were investigated in senescence-accelerated prone mouse strain 8 (SAMP8) mice. Results showed that treatment with AKO could effectively ameliorate learning and memory deficits and ease the anxiety in SAMP8 mice by Morris water maze, Barnes maze test and open-field test...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350433/amino-group-of-salicylic-acid-exhibits-enhanced-inhibitory-potential-against-insulin-amyloid-fibrillation-with-protective-aptitude-toward-amyloid-induced-cytotoxicity
#3
Masihuz Zaman, Mohsin Vahid Khan, Syed Mohammad Zakariya, Saima Nusrat, Syed Mustapha Meeran, Parvez Alam, Mohammad Rehan Ajmal, Wahiduzzaman Wahiduzzaman, Yasser E Shahein, Amira M Abouelella, Rizwan Hasan Khan
Protein misfolding and aggregation lead to amyloid generation that in turn may induce cell membrane disruption and leads to cell apoptosis. In an effort to prevent or treat amyloidogenesis, large number of studies has been paying attention on breakthrough of amyloid inhibitors. In the present work, we aim to access the effect of two drugs, that is, acetylsalicylic acid and 5-amino salicylic acid on insulin amyloids by using various biophysical, imaging, cell viability assay, and computational approaches. We established that both drugs reduce the turbidity, light scattering and fluorescence intensity of amyloid indicator dye thioflavin T...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321950/manifestations-of-renal-impairment-in-fructose-induced-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Kameliya Bratoeva, George S Stoyanov, Albena Merdzhanova, Mariya Radanova
Introduction International studies show an increased incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). It is assumed that the major components of MS - obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension - are linked to renal damage through the systemic release of several pro-inflammatory mediators, such as uric acid (UA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and generalized oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent of kidney impairment and manifestations of dysfunction in rats with fructose-induced MS...
November 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318099/a-small-molecule-impedes-insulin-fibrillation-another-new-role-of-phenothiazine-derivatives
#5
Meghomukta Mukherjee, Jagannath Jana, Subhrangsu Chatterjee
Protein misfolding is interrelated to several diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases and type II diabetes. Misfolded/unfolded proteins produce soluble oligomers that accumulate into "amyloid plaques". Inhibition of amyloid-plaque formation by those misfolded/unfolded proteins will lead to the invention of new therapeutic approaches for amyloid-related diseases. Herein, methylene blue (MB), a well-defined drug against multiple diseases and disorders, is used to impede insulin fibrillation. In this study, we perform an array of in vitro experiments to monitor the effects of MB on the fibrillation of bovine insulin...
January 2018: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311640/a-specific-form-of-prefibrillar-aggregates-that-functions-as-a-precursor-of-amyloid-nucleation
#6
Naoki Yamamoto, Shoko Tsuhara, Atsuo Tamura, Eri Chatani
Non-fibrillar protein aggregates that appear in the earlier stages of amyloid fibril formation are sometimes considered to play a key role in amyloid nucleation; however, the structural features of these aggregates currently remain unclear. We herein identified a characteristic pathway of fibril formation by human insulin B chain, in which two major species of prefibrillar aggregates were identified. Based on the time-resolved tracking of this pathway with far-UV circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and 1H-NMR spectroscopy, the first prefibrillar aggregate with a hydrodynamic diameter of approximately 70 nm accumulated concomitantly with the formation of a β-sheet structure, and the size further evolved to 130 nm with an additional structural development...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303519/teaching-an-old-scaffold-new-recognition-tricks-oligopyrrolamide-antagonists-of-iapp-aggregation
#7
Sunil Kumar, Maria C Vogel, Andrew D Hamilton
A library of N-substituted oligopyrrolamides was designed to modulate the aggregation kinetics of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). IAPP is a hormonal peptide, co-secreted with insulin in the pancreatic β-cells. IAPP samples a variety of conformations, starting from a native random coil to membrane-associated α-helical intermediates and eventually terminates in the amyloid plaques rich in β-sheet structures. A growing body of evidence suggests that membrane bound α-helical intermediates are the key cytotoxic species that impair the functionality and viability of β-cells and contribute to the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
January 5, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299155/neuroprotection-by-aripiprazole-against-%C3%AE-amyloid-induced-toxicity-by-p-ck2%C3%AE-activation-via-inhibition-of-gsk-3%C3%AE
#8
So Youn Park, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Won Suk Lee, Sun Sik Bae, Koanhoi Kim, Ki Whan Hong, Chi Dae Kim
Psychosis is reported over 30% of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in clinics. Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic drug with partial agonist activity at the D2 dopamine and 5-HT1A receptors with low side-effect profile. We identified aripiprazole is able to overcome the amyloid-β (Aβ)-evoked neurotoxicity and then increase the cell viability. This study elucidated the mechanism(s) by which aripiprazole ameliorates Aβ1-42-induced decreased neurite outgrowth and viability in neuronal cells. Pretreatment with aripiprazole increased Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA and protein expressions in N2a cells...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288549/transplantation-of-macro-encapsulated-human-islets-within-the-bioartificial-pancreas-%C3%AE-air-to-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Per-Ola Carlsson, Daniel Espes, Amir Sedigh, Avi Rotem, Baruch Zimermann, Helena Grinberg, Tali Goldman, Uriel Barkai, Yuval Avni, Gunilla T Westermark, Lina Carlbom, Håkan Ahlström, Olof Eriksson, Johan Olerud, Olle Korsgren
Macroencapsulation devices provide the dual possibility to immunoprotect transplanted cells while also being retrievable; the latter bearing importance for safety in future trials with stem-cell derived cells. However, macroencapsulation entails a problem with oxygen supply to the encapsulated cells. The βAir device solves this with an incorporated refillable oxygen tank. This phase 1 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of implanting the βAir device containing allogeneic human pancreatic islets to patients with type 1 diabetes...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260199/systemic-inflammation-associated-proteins-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-infants-born-before-the-28th-week-of-gestation
#10
Mari Holm, Tora S Morken, Raina N Fichorova, Deborah K VanderVeen, Elizabeth N Allred, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
Purpose: To assess the association between systemic levels of inflammation-associated proteins and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants. Methods: We collected whole blood on filter paper on postnatal days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28 from 1205 infants born before the 28th week of gestation, and measured the concentrations of 27 inflammation-associated, angiogenic, and neurotrophic proteins. We calculated odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for the association between top quartile concentrations of each protein and prethreshold ROP...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258283/astragalus-membranaceus-polysaccharides-ameliorates-obesity-hepatic-steatosis-neuroinflammation-and-cognition-impairment-without-affecting-amyloid-deposition-in-metabolically-stressed-appswe-ps1de9-mice
#11
Yung-Cheng Huang, Huey-Jen Tsay, Mei-Kuang Lu, Chien-Hung Lin, Chih-Wen Yeh, Hui-Kang Liu, Young-Ji Shiao
Astragalus membranaceus is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for strengthening the host defense system. Astragalus membranaceus-polysaccharides is an effective component with various important bioactivities, such as immunomodulation, antioxidant, anti-diabetes, anti-inflammation and neuroprotection. In the present study, we determine the effects of Astragalus membranaceus-polysaccharides on metabolically stressed transgenic mice in order to develop this macromolecules for treatment of sporadic Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disease with metabolic risk factors...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248482/targeted-inhibition-of-rage-reduces-amyloid-%C3%AE-influx-across-the-blood-brain-barrier-and-improves-cognitive-deficits-in-db-db-mice
#12
Hao Wang, Fang Chen, Yi-Feng Du, Yan Long, Miranda N Reed, Mei Hu, Vishnu Suppiramaniam, Hao Hong, Su-Su Tang
AIMS: To investigate restorative effects of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)-specific inhibitor FPS-ZM1 on abnormal amyloid (Aβ) influx across the blood brain-barrier (BBB) and cognitive deficits in db/db mice. METHODS: Aβ influx across the BBB was determined by intra-arterial infusion of 125I-Aβ1-40. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), Aβ, NF-κB p65, caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, PSD-95 and synaptophysin were assayed by Western blot, immunohistochemistry or RT-PCR...
December 14, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246793/long-term-treadmill-exercise-attenuates-a%C3%AE-burdens-and-astrocyte-activation-in-app-ps1-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Jing Zhang, Yunliang Guo, Yongxiang Wang, Lin Song, Rui Zhang, Yifeng Du
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating disease characterized with progressive neurodegenerative disorders in the elderly. Epidemiological and clinical studies reported that lifestyle factors could halt the progression of AD, especially physical exercise. In the present work, we investigated the effects of long-term treadmill exercise on the pathological cascades of AD in APP/PS1 mice. After exercise for 5 months, Aβ deposition was significantly ameliorated in terms of Aβ area fraction, plaque number and size...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224104/the-role-of-estrogens-in-pancreatic-islet-physiopathology
#14
Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Cedric Le May, Joseph P Tiano, Suhuan Liu, Gamze Kilic-Berkmen, Jun Ho Kim
In rodent models of insulin-deficient diabetes, 17β-estradiol (E2) protects pancreatic insulin-producing β-cells against oxidative stress, amyloid polypeptide toxicity, gluco-lipotoxicity, and apoptosis. Three estrogen receptors (ERs)-ERα, ERβ, and the G protein-coupled ER (GPER)-have been identified in rodent and human β-cells. This chapter describes recent advances in our understanding of the role of ERs in islet β-cell function, nutrient homeostasis, survival from pro-apoptotic stimuli, and proliferation...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222447/structural-abnormalities-in-islets-from-very-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-may-contribute-to-cystic-fibrosis-related-diabetes
#15
Marika Bogdani, Scott M Blackman, Cecilia Ridaura, Jean-Pierre Bellocq, Alvin C Powers, Lydia Aguilar-Bryan
Cystic fibrosis (CF)-related diabetes (CFRD) is thought to result from beta-cell injury due in part to pancreas exocrine damage and lipofibrosis. CFRD pancreata exhibit reduced islet density and altered cellular composition. To investigate a possible etiology, we tested the hypothesis that such changes are present in CF pancreata before the development of lipofibrosis. We evaluated pancreas and islet morphology in tissues from very young CF children (<4 years of age), and adult patients with CF and CFRD...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213501/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-pathophysiology-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Aparecida Marcelino de Nazareth
Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are two common forms of disease worldwide and many studies indicate that people with diabetes, especially DM, are at higher risk of developing AD. AD is characterized by progressive cognitive decline and accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) forming senile plaques. DM is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia in the context of insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. Both diseases also share common characteristics such as loss of cognitive function and inflammation...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204886/membrane-mediated-amyloid-deposition-of-human-islet-amyloid-polypeptide
#17
REVIEW
Kenji Sasahara
Amyloid deposition of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) within the islet of Langerhans is closely associated with type II diabetes mellitus. Accumulating evidence indicates that the membrane-mediated aggregation and subsequent deposition of hIAPP are linked to the dysfunction and death of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells, but the molecular process of hIAPP deposition is poorly understood. In this review, I focus on recent in vitro studies utilizing model membranes to observe the membrane-mediated aggregation/deposition of hIAPP...
December 4, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197568/inhibition-of-insulin-amyloid-fibrillation-by-morin-hydrate
#18
Palak Patel, Krupali Parmar, Mili Das
We report here the inhibition of amyloid fibrillation of human insulin in vitro by Morin hydrate, a naturally occurring small molecule. Using spectroscopic assays and transmission electron microscopy, we found that Morin hydrate effectively inhibits insulin amyloid fibrillation in a dose dependent manner with more than 80% inhibition occurring even at only a 1:1 concentration. As suggested by fluorescence spectroscopic titration studies, Morin hydrate binds to insulin with a fairly strong affinity of -26.436kJmol-1...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190943/neuroprotective-effects-of-bajijiasu-against-cognitive-impairment-induced-by-amyloid-%C3%AE-in-app-ps1-mice
#19
Haobin Cai, Yijie Wang, Jiayang He, Tiantian Cai, Jun Wu, Jiansong Fang, Rong Zhang, Zhouke Guo, Li Guan, Qinkai Zhan, Li Lin, Yao Xiao, Huafeng Pan, Qi Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurological degenerative disease. The main clinical manifestations of AD include progressive cognitive impairment and alteration of personality. Senile plaques, neuroinflammation, and destruction of synapse structure stability are the main pathological features of AD. Bajijiasu(BJJS) is extracted from Morinda Officinalis, a Chinese herb. In this study, we explored the effect of BJJS on AD from many aspects in APPswe/PSEN1ΔE9 (APP/PS1) double transgenic mice. The Morris water maze and novel object recognition tests results showed that BJJS could significantly improve the learning and memory abilities in APP/PS1 mice...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185166/echinacoside-a-phenylethanoid-glycoside-from-cistanche-deserticola-extends-lifespan-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-and-protects-from-a%C3%AE-induced-toxicity
#20
Wei Chen, Hong-Ru Lin, Cong-Min Wei, Xiao-Hua Luo, Meng-Lu Sun, Zhen-Zhou Yang, Xin-Yan Chen, Hong-Bing Wang
Cistanche deserticola has been found to exert protection against aging and age-related diseases, but mechanisms underlying its longevity effects remain largely unclear. Here, the multicellular model organism Caenorhabditis elegans was employed to identify lifespan extending and protective effects against β-amyloid (Aβ) induced toxicity by echinacoside (ECH), a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from C. deserticola. Our results showed that ECH extends the mean lifespan of worms and increases their survival under oxidative stress...
November 28, 2017: Biogerontology
keyword
keyword
43414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"