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Interconception health

Emily F Gregory, Charmaine S Wright, Meredith Matone, David M Rubin, Scott A Lorch
Pediatricians increasingly endorse a dual generation approach to health, in which parental health behaviors are recognized as critical to promoting child health. Positive parental behaviors often emerge during pregnancy, for reasons that remain incompletely described. We surveyed mothers in the immediate postpartum period to identify beliefs about health behavior change and characteristics of prenatal care associated with successful change. Sampling at a tertiary care hospital captured an English-speaking adult population with healthy infants...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Shayna D Cunningham, Shilpa Mokshagundam, Hannah Chai, Jessica B Lewis, Jessica Levine, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a risk factor for adverse physical health outcomes during pregnancy. Much less is known about the association between obesity and maternal mental health. Evidence suggests that prenatal depression is associated with excessive weight gain during pregnancy and that this relationship may vary according to pregravid body mass index (BMI). Young women may be particularly vulnerable to postpartum depression. The objective of this study is to examine the association between prepregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and postpartum depressive symptoms among adolescents...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Natalie Hemsing, Lorraine Greaves, Nancy Poole
Pregnancy is often framed as a "window of opportunity" for intervening on a variety of health practices such as alcohol and tobacco use. However, there is evidence that interventions focusing solely on the time of pregnancy can be too narrow and potentially stigmatizing. Indeed, health risks observed in the preconception period often continue during pregnancy. Using a scoping review methodology, this study consolidates knowledge and information related to current preconception and interconception health care interventions published in the academic literature...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse health outcomes for mothers and their infants both perinatally and long term. Women with a history of GDM are at risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and may benefit from intervention in the interconception period to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interconception care for women with a history of GDM on maternal and infant health outcomes...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Adja J M Waelput, Meertien K Sijpkens, Jacqueline Lagendijk, Minke R C van Minde, Hein Raat, Hiske E Ernst-Smelt, Marlou L A de Kroon, Ageeth N Rosman, Jasper V Been, Loes C M Bertens, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND: Geographical inequalities in perinatal health and child welfare require attention. To improve the identification, and care, of mothers and young children at risk of adverse health outcomes, the HP4All-2 program was developed. The program consists of three studies, focusing on creating a continuum for risk selection and tailored care pathways from preconception and antenatal care towards 1) postpartum care, 2) early childhood care, as well as 3) interconception care. The program has been implemented in ten municipalities in the Netherlands, aiming to target communities with a relatively disadvantageous position with regard to perinatal and child health outcomes...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Doris M Boutain, Shuyuann Wang Foreman, Jane E Hitti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the interconception challenges of women who had prior preterm births. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and collected data via survey. SETTING: King County, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who had prior early preterm births (20-33 weeks gestation) were included. METHODS: Women were recruited from a larger study focused on exploring the infectious pathways for early preterm birth...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Elizabeth C Ailes, Regina M Simeone, April L Dawson, Emily E Petersen, Suzanne M Gilboa
BACKGROUND: Health insurance claims are a rich data source to examine medication use in pregnancy. Our objective was to identify pregnant women, their pregnancy outcomes, and date of their last menstrual period (LMP), and to estimate antidepressant dispensations in pregnancy. METHODS: From a literature search, we identified diagnosis and procedure codes indicating the end of a pregnancy. Using Truven Health MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters Databases, we identified all inpatient admissions and outpatient service claims with these codes...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Jennifer Huberty, Jenn A Leiferman, Abbey R Kruper, Lisette T Jacobson, Molly E Waring, Jeni L Matthews, Danielle M Wischenka, Betty Braxter, Sara L Kornfield
Interventions to manage weight and stress during the interconception period (i.e., time immediately following childbirth to subsequent pregnancy) are needed to promote optimal maternal and infant health outcomes. To address this gap, we summarize the current state of knowledge, critically evaluate the research focused on weight and stress management during the interconception period, and provide future recommendations for research in this area. Evidence supports the importance of weight and stress management during the reproductive years and the impact of weight on maternal and child health outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sarah Verbiest, Erin Bonzon, Arden Handler
Introduction The first 3 months after giving birth can be a challenging time for many women. The Postpartum Health and Wellness special issue explores this period, one that is often overlooked and under-researched. Methods This issue is designed to bring greater focus to the need for woman-centered care during the postpartum period. Articles in this issue focus on four key areas: (1) the postpartum visit and access to care, (2) the content of postpartum care and postpartum health concerns, (3) interconception care including contraception, and (4) policy, systems, and measurement...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jennifer L Huberty, Jeni Matthews, Jenn Leiferman, Janice Hermer, Joanne Cacciatore
OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate intervention studies (ie, experimental study in which the participants undergo some kind of intervention in order to evaluate its impact) that target mental and/or physical health outcomes in women who have experienced stillbirth and to provide specific recommendations for future research and intervention work. METHODS: A librarian conducted an initial search using CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, PubMed, SocIndex, and Web of Knowledge in the spring of 2016...
July 2017: Reproductive Sciences
Flojaune Griffin Cofer, Moshe Fridman, Elizabeth Lawton, Lisa M Korst, Lisa Nicholas, Kimberly D Gregory
Objectives The goals of interconception care are to optimize women's health and encourage adequate spacing between pregnancies. Our study calculated trends in interpregnancy interval (IPI) patterns and measured the association of differing intervals with birth outcomes in California. Methods Women with "non-first birth" deliveries in California hospitals from 2007 to 2009 were identified in a linked birth certificate and patient discharge dataset and divided into three IPI birth categories: <6, 6-17, and 18-50 months...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Wanda D Barfield, Zsakeba Henderson, Arthur James, Jennifer L Howse, John Iskander, Phoebe G Thorpe
Preterm birth (delivery before 37 weeks and 0/7 days of gestation) is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. In 2013, 11.4% of the nearly 4 million U.S. live births were preterm; however, 36% of the 8,470 infant deaths were attributed to preterm birth (1). Infants born at earlier gestational ages, especially <32 0/7 weeks, have the highest mortality (Figure) and morbidity rates. Morbidity associated with preterm birth includes respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, and intraventricular hemorrhage; longer-term consequences include developmental delay and decreased school performance...
August 19, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Allison Bryant, Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Ida Hatoum, Milton Kotelchuck
Objectives We sought to determine rates and correlates of accessing health care in the 2 years following delivery among women at an urban academic medical center. Methods We used electronic medical records, discharge, and billing data to determine the occurrence of primary care, other non-primary outpatient care, emergency department visits, and inpatient admissions among women delivering at a single medical center who had a known primary care affiliation to that medical center over a 5 year period. We explored sociodemographic, clinical, and health care-related factors as correlates of care, using bivariate and multivariable modeling...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Stephanie E Rosener, Wendy B Barr, Daniel J Frayne, Joshua H Barash, Megan E Gross, Ian M Bennett
PURPOSE: Interconception care (ICC) is recommended to improve birth outcomes by targeting maternal risk factors, but little is known about its implementation. We evaluated the frequency and nature of ICC delivered to mothers at well-child visits and maternal receptivity to these practices. METHODS: We surveyed a convenience sample of mothers accompanying their child to well-child visits at family medicine academic practices in the IMPLICIT (Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants Through Continuous Improvement Techniques) Network...
July 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Meertien K Sijpkens, Eric A P Steegers, Ageeth N Rosman
Objectives Successful implementation of preconception and interconception care contributes to optimizing pregnancy outcomes. While interconception care to new mothers could potentially be provided by Preventive Child Health Care services, this care is currently not routinely available in the Netherlands. The purpose of this study was to identify facilitators and barriers for implementation of interconception care in Preventive Child Health Care services. Methods We organized four focus groups in which Preventive Child Health Care physicians and nurses, related health care professionals and policymakers participated...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kristin M Rankin, Sadia Haider, Rachel Caskey, Apurba Chakraborty, Pamela Roesch, Arden Handler
Purpose Postpartum care can provide the critical link between pregnancy and well-woman healthcare, improving women's health during the interconception period and beyond. However, little is known about current utilization patterns. This study describes the patterns of postpartum care experienced by Illinois women with Medicaid-paid deliveries. Methods Medicaid claims for women delivering infants in Illinois in 2009-2010 were analyzed for the receipt, timing and patterns of postpartum care, as identified through International Classification of Diseases Revision 9-Clinical Modification and Current Procedural Terminology© codes for routine postpartum care (43...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Fuqin Liu, Jiaming Bao, Doris Boutain, Marcia Straughn, Olusola Adeniran, Heather DeGrande, Stevan Harrell
AIM: A critical analysis of online public postings in response to the news about the ending of China's one-child policy was conducted. The specific study aims were to 1) identify the dominant public discourse in response to the news about the ending of the one-child policy and the beginning of the new two-child policy, and 2) explore implications for preconception care from the public discourse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sources were 10 top-ranked, online news media sites in China, including one Hong Kong-based media site...
June 24, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Jill Nobles-Botkin, Alicia Lincoln, Janette Cline
Preconception health care and reproductive life planning are essential to improving women's health and reducing poor birth outcomes. Preconception health care and education provide opportunities to identify risk factors related to family health history, preexisting medical conditions, body weight, nutrition, physical activity, and immunization status. Modifiable risk factors can be mitigated, thereby improving the health of a woman before she becomes pregnant. Preconception health covers a broad range of topics and may be difficult to incorporate into the busy schedules of health care providers...
May 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Kay A Johnson, Rebekah E Gee
The aim of interconception care is to provide women who have had a prior adverse pregnancy outcome with optimal care in order to reduce risks that may affect the woman׳s health and any future birth she may choose to have. National recommendations call for action, and evidence supports specific clinical interventions. The need for interconception care is documented in national and state survey and surveillance data. Chronic diseases and behavioral risks affect the health of millions of U.S. women of childbearing age...
June 2015: Seminars in Perinatology
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