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Preconception health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697912/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-for-opioid-and-other-substance-use-during-infertility-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Tricia E Wright
Opioid use and misuse have reached epidemic proportions in the United States, especially in women of childbearing age, some of whom seek infertility treatments. Substance use is much more common than many of the conditions routinely screened for during the preconception period, and it can have devastating consequences for the woman and her family. Substance use can worsen infertility, complicate pregnancy, increase medical problems, and lead to psychosocial difficulties for the woman and her family. The reproductive endocrinologist thus has an ethical and medical duty to screen for substance use, provide initial counseling, and refer to specialized treatment as needed...
July 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694524/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-15-8-million-men-aged-15-49-years-in-rural-china-from-2010-to-2014
#2
Yuan He, An Pan, Yuanyuan Wang, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Ya Zhang, Dujia Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Zuoqi Peng, Frank B Hu, Xu Ma
Obesity has been increasing worldwide. Data on obesity status among men of reproductive age are scarce. This study aimed to assess the national prevalence and trend of overweight and obesity among reproductive-age men in rural China. In the nationwide population-based study, data were obtained from the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project in rural China from 2010 to 2014. Weight and height were measured in 16 161 982 men aged 15-49 years and their female partners (15 997 739 participants aged 15-49 years) before conception, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694019/opportunities-to-reduce-diabetes-risk-in-women-of-reproductive-age-assessment-and-treatment-of-prediabetes-within-a-large-integrated-delivery-system
#3
Cassondra Marshall, Sara Adams, Wendy Dyer, Julie Schmittdiel
BACKGROUND: Preventing diabetes before pregnancy may be important to improve maternal and infant outcomes. Although the preconception period is a crucial time to focus on chronic disease prevention, little is known about preventive services for reproductive-aged women at risk of developing diabetes. METHODS: Using electronic health record data from patients at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we identified 21,965 nonpregnant women aged 18 to 44 with incident prediabetes (PDM; fasting plasma glucose [FPG] = 100-125 or glycated hemoglobin A1c = 5...
July 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688924/healthy-preconception-nutrition-and-lifestyle-using-personalized-mobile-health-coaching-is-associated-with-enhanced-pregnancy-chance
#4
Matthijs R van Dijk, Maria P H Koster, Sten P Willemsen, Nicole A Huijgen, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Periconceptional nutrition and lifestyle are essential in pathogenesis and prevention of most reproductive failures, pregnancy outcome and future health. We aimed to investigate whether personalized mobile health (mHealth) coaching empowers couples contemplating pregnancy to increase healthy behaviour and chances of pregnancy. A survey was conducted among 1053 women and 332 male partners who received individual coaching using the mHealth programme 'Smarter Pregnancy' to change poor nutrition and lifestyle for 26 weeks, depending on pregnancy state and gender...
June 27, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678065/pregnancy-and-reproductive-aspects-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
Laura Andreoli, Francesca Crisafulli, Angela Tincani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss pregnancy and reproductive aspects in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with particular focus on preconception counselling, maternal and foetal outcomes, safety and beneficial effects of drugs during pregnancy as well as contraception methods, assisted reproduction techniques and strategies for thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients with positive antiphospholipid antibodies. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based recommendations for the management of family planning and women's health issues in SLE and/or APS have been developed by a multidisciplinary panel of experts...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666241/paternal-and-maternal-urinary-phthalate-metabolite-concentrations-and-birth-weight-of-singletons-conceived-by-subfertile-couples
#6
Carmen Messerlian, Joseph M Braun, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, Jennifer B Ford, Vicente Mustieles, Antonia M Calafat, Irene Souter, Thomas Toth, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Prenatal phthalate exposure has been inconsistently associated with fetal growth and infant birth weight. However, the effect of exposure during the paternal and maternal preconception period remains understudied. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of paternal and maternal preconception and maternal prenatal urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations with birth weight. METHODS: The study comprised 364 singletons born to 364 mothers and 195 fathers (195 couples) from the EARTH Study, a prospective cohort of couples from Boston, MA...
June 27, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664328/timeline-of-intergenerational-child-maltreatment-the-mind-brain-body-interplay
#7
REVIEW
Marija Mitkovic Voncina, Milica Pejovic Milovancevic, Vanja Mandic Maravic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Still obscure mechanisms of intergenerational child maltreatment (ITCM) have been investigated partially, from various psychological and biological perspectives and from various time perspectives. This review is aimed at integrating the findings on different temporal ITCM pathways, emphasizing the mind-brain-body interplay. RECENT FINDINGS: Psychological mediators of ITCM involve attachment, mentalization, dissociation, social information processing, personality traits, and psychiatric disorders...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650842/ambient-temperature-and-stillbirth-a-multi-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Sandie Ha, Danping Liu, Yeyi Zhu, Sung Soo Kim, Seth Sherman, Katherine L Grantz, Pauline Mendola
BACKGROUND: Climate change is expected to have adverse health effects, but the association between extreme ambient temperatures and stillbirth is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We investigated acute and chronic associations between extreme ambient temperatures and stillbirth risk, and estimated the attributable risk associated with local temperature extremes in the United States. METHODS: We linked 223,375 singleton births of gestation (2002-2008) from 12 U...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647972/-relationship-between-pesticide-exposure-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-reproductive-couples-in-rural-areas-of-china
#9
Y M Qu, S Chen, J J Li, R R Jin, H Pan, Y Jiang
Objective: To analyze the association between pesticide exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women from the rural areas of China. Methods: Data of "National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP)" from January 2010 to December 2012 was used for analysis. A total of 248 501 families that were planning to deliver a baby in the next 6 months were enrolled. Data on paternal exposure to pesticides before or during pregnancy was collected through questionnaires, with related outcomes on pregnancy recorded by doctors...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#10
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#11
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617973/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-preconception-period-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-china-a-nationwide-study
#12
Qiongjie Zhou, Xiaotian Li, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Ganesh Acharya
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during pregnancy is associated with perinatal complications and poor maternal and fetal outcomes. There is a lack of reports on HBV infection screening, prophylaxis, and/or treatment in preconception period among women planning a pregnancy. This study is to investigate the prevalence and demographic characteristics of HBV infection among rural women of reproductive age planning pregnancy within 6 months, in different geographical regions of China...
June 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#13
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615372/preconception-micronutrient-supplementation-with-iron-and-folic-acid-compared-with-folic-acid-alone-affects-linear-growth-and-fine-motor-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#14
Phuong H Nguyen, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa F Young, Truong Viet Truong, Hue Hoang, Huong Nguyen, Son Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Background: Maternal health and nutrition play a crucial role in early child growth and development. However, little is known about the benefits of preconception micronutrient interventions beyond the role of folic acid (FA) and neural tube defects.Objective: We evaluated the impact of weekly preconception multiple micronutrient (MM) or iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation on child growth and development through the age of 2 y compared with FA alone.Methods: We followed 1599 offspring born to women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of preconception supplementation in Vietnam...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593902/inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care-is-it-enough-should-it-be-extended-inverted-pyramid-of-prenatal-care
#15
Aleksandar Ljubić
In recent years, the idea of the inverted pyramid of prenatal care and monitoring has emerged, for the purpose of prediction and prevention, early detection and treatment of health disorders of the fetus. Is this enough? If we analyze the period behind us, progress has been made in the field of detection of multiple pregnancies, dating of pregnancy and prenatal detection of chromosomal and structural fetal disorders, as well as a small amount of progress in terms of prediction and prevention of preeclampsia...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585371/influences-of-early-child-nutritional-status-and-home-learning-environment-on-child-development-in-vietnam
#16
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa Young, Nicole Kim, Son Nguyen, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Early childhood development plays a key role in a child's future health, educational success, and economic status. However, suboptimal early development remains a global challenge. This study examines the influences of quality of the home learning environment (HOME) and child stunting in the first year of life on child development. We used data collected from a randomized controlled trial of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation in Vietnam (n = 1,458). The Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III were used to assess cognition, language, and motor development domains at 2 years...
June 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584581/preconceptional-use-of-folic-acid-and-knowledge-about-folic-acid-among-low-income-pregnant-women-in-korea
#17
Jihyun Kim, Miyong Yon, Cho-Il Kim, Yoonna Lee, Gui-Im Moon, Jinhwan Hong, Taisun Hyun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Folic acid supplementation before pregnancy is known to significantly reduce the risk of having a baby with neural tube defects (NTDs). Therefore, it is important for women to be aware of the effects of folic acid supplementation before pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness and preconceptional use of folic acid and to assess the current knowledge about folic acid among low-income pregnant women in Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2012...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583489/the-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-nasal-douching-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nelson Gutiérrez-Cardona, Paula Sands, Graham Roberts, Jane S Lucas, Woolf Walker, Rami Salib, Andrea Burgess, Hasnaa Ismail-Koch
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a significant issue in children. Treatment options include allergen avoidance, pharmacotherapy and immunotherapy. The use of nasal saline douching (NSD) in children has recently gained acceptability. However, there is limited data regarding the acceptability and tolerability of NSD in children with AR. METHODS: A search was conducted using Medline and Embase databases from January 1946 until June 2015 on the use of NSD in children aged 4-12 years with AR...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578453/prenatal-care-associations-with-prenatal-depressive-symptoms-and-social-support-in-low-income-urban-women
#19
Abbey C Sidebottom, Wendy L Hellerstedt, Patricia A Harrison, Rhonda J Jones-Webb
We examined associations of depressive symptoms and social support with late and inadequate prenatal care in a low-income urban population. The sample was prenatal care patients at five community health centers. Measures of depressive symptoms, social support, and covariates were collected at prenatal care entry. Prenatal care entry and adequacy came from birth certificates. We examined outcomes of late prenatal care and less than adequate care in multivariable models. Among 2341 study participants, 16% had elevated depressive symptoms, 70% had moderate/poor social support, 21% had no/low partner support, 37% had late prenatal care, and 29% had less than adequate prenatal care...
June 3, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562247/neurodevelopment-the-impact-of-nutrition-and-inflammation-during-preconception-and-pregnancy-in-low-resource-settings
#20
Betty R Vohr, Elysia Poggi Davis, Christine A Wanke, Nancy F Krebs
The rapid pace of fetal development by far exceeds any other stage of the life span, and thus, environmental influences can profoundly alter the developmental course. Stress during the prenatal period, including malnutrition and inflammation, impact maternal and fetal neurodevelopment with long-term consequences for physical and mental health of both the mother and her child. One primary consequence of maternal malnutrition, inflammation, and other sources of prenatal stress is a poor birth outcome, such as prematurity or growth restriction...
April 2017: Pediatrics
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