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Preconception health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194199/health-beliefs-and-stages-of-changes-to-improve-behaviors-among-obese-and-overweight-women-undergoing-preconception-care
#1
Zahra Malverdy, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Beginning and continuing pregnancy with obesity and being overweight has some known side effects for the mother and the fetus. Preventing these complications requires medical interventions before pregnancy. Because designing health improvement interventions requires understanding of the related factors of the behavior, the aim of this study was to determine the relation between health beliefs of women regarding the risks of obesity for pregnancy and stages of behavioral changes in women under preconception care...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179065/women-s-dietary-changes-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
Sarah E Hillier, Ellinor K Olander
BACKGROUND: dietary intake before and during pregnancy has significant health outcomes for both mother and child, including a healthy gestational weight gain. To ensure effective interventions are successfully developed to improve dietary intake during pregnancy, it is important to understand what dietary changes pregnant women make without intervention. AIMS: to systematically identify and review studies examining women's dietary changes before and during pregnancy and to identify characteristics of the women making these changes...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#3
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139482/opinion-of-dentists-and-gynecologists-on-the-link-between-oral-health-and-preterm-low-birth-weight-preconception-care-treat-beyond-the-box
#4
Aruna Ganganna, G Devishree
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases are known to set an inflammatory response at the systemic level which can adversely affect the pregnancy outcomes, and many patients are unaware of this association. Health-care providers play a vital role in educating patients toward maintaining good oral health; hence, our study was planned to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dentists' and gynecologists' concerning this link. In addition, referral to the dentists' during the preconception period was also emphasized...
January 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138143/evolving-health-care-through-personal-genomics
#5
REVIEW
Heidi L Rehm
With the rapid evolution of next-generation DNA sequencing technologies, the cost of sequencing a human genome has plummeted, and genomics has started to pervade health care across all stages of life - from preconception to adult medicine. Challenges to fully embracing genomics in a clinical setting remain, but some approaches are starting to overcome these barriers, such as community-driven data sharing to improve the accuracy and efficiency of applying genomics to patient care.
January 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137263/healthcare-providers-views-on-the-delivery-of-preconception-care-in-a-local-community-setting-in-the-netherlands
#6
M Poels, M P H Koster, A Franx, H F van Stel
BACKGROUND: The attention for preconception care (PCC) has grown substantially in recent years, yet PCC is far from routine in daily practice. One of the major challenges for the implementation of PCC is to identify how it can best be organized and provided within the primary care setting. The aim of this study was to identify bottlenecks and solutions for the delivery of PCC from a healthcare providers' perspective in a local community setting in the Netherlands. METHODS: Health professionals within the region of Zeist, the Netherlands, were invited for a meeting on the local implementation of PCC...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134718/living-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-vulnerable-life
#7
Carola Fagerström, Gunilla Hollman Frisman
Liver cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease. Patients with liver cirrhosis need to manage the symptoms of the disease and possible complications. Symptoms due to ascites, encephalopathy, and/or varices are hard to manage and live with. Self-care is necessary for coping with the symptoms and for improving the patient's life situation. The aim of this study was to explore the areas of life situation and self-care among patients suffering from liver cirrhosis with complications. Interviews with patients with liver cirrhosis (n = 13), seven women and six men (46-70 years), were performed...
January 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130504/early-life-nutritional-exposures-and-lifelong-health-immediate-and-long-lasting-impacts-of-probiotics-vitamin-d-and-breastfeeding
#8
Cristiana Berti, Carlo Agostoni, Riccardo Davanzo, Elina Hyppönen, Erika Isolauri, Helle M Meltzer, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Irene Cetin
Pregnancy and infancy comprise the most critical stages for conditioning an individual's health, with a number of implications for subsequent risks of morbidity, mortality, and reproductive health. Nutrition may influence both the overall pregnancy outcome and the growth trajectory and immune system of the fetus and infant, with short- and long-term effects on the health of the offspring. Within this context, leading experts at Expo Milano 2015 in Milan, Italy, discussed up-to-date knowledge while providing suggestions and challenges before, during, and after pregnancy...
January 27, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125970/the-use-of-the-mhealth-program-smarter-pregnancy-in-preconception-care-rationale-study-design-and-data-collection-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Matthijs R van Dijk, Elsje C Oostingh, Maria P H Koster, Sten P Willemsen, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy nutrition and lifestyle contribute to the worldwide rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases. This also accounts for the reproductive population, in which unhealthy behavior affects fertility and pregnancy outcome. Maternal smoking, alcohol consumption and inadequate folic acid supplement use are strongly associated with fetal complications as small for gestational age, premature birth and congenital malformations. In the Netherlands 83% of the perinatal mortality rate is due to these complications and is relatively high compared to other European countries...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122628/women-s-knowledge-and-associated-factors-in-preconception-care-in-adet-west-gojjam-northwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yitayal Ayalew, Amlaku Mulat, Mulugeta Dile, Amare Simegn
BACKGROUND: Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioural and social health interventions to women and couples before the occurrence of conception to improve their health status. There is poor maternal and child health and lack of knowledge in developing countries about preconception care. Therefore, this study aimed to assess women's knowledge and associated factors in preconception care in Adet Town, Gojjam, Northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 systematically selected reproductive age group women who are living in the Adet town from March 1 to 30, 2016...
January 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114813/reproductive-health-counseling-delivered-to-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#11
Runa H Gokhale, Heather Bradley, John Weiser
Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and reproductive technologies have made transmission of HIV to partners and infants almost completely preventable. Comprehensive reproductive health counseling (CRHC) is an important component of care for women living with HIV, but few women report discussing reproductive health with an HIV care provider. We surveyed a probability sample of U.S. HIV care providers during 2013-2014. Of 2023 eligible providers, 1234 responded (64% adjusted provider response rate). We estimated the percentage delivering CRHC to their female patients...
January 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104326/experiences-of-parish-nurses-in-providing-diabetes-education-and-preconception-counseling-to-women-with-diabetes
#12
Jessica A Devido, Willa M Doswell, Betty J Braxter, Diane L Spatz, Janice S Dorman, Martha Ann Terry, Denise Charron-Prochownik
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role and experiences of the parish nurse in providing diabetes education and preconception counseling to women with diabetes. DESIGN: Mixed-methods concurrent embedded design. SETTING: Focus groups of community-based parish nurses accessed from a regional database (Pennsylvania, Florida, Ohio, New York, Arizona, and Minnesota). PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight parish nurses recruited from the Parish Nurse and Health Ministry Program database in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078529/rethinking-preconception-care-a-critical-women-s-health-perspective
#13
Erika L Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Stephanie L Marhefka, Nolan S Kline, Ellen M Daley
Objectives Preconception care aims to provide care to reproductive aged individuals in order to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. Given that preconception care is a public health priority, it is important to evaluate the evolution of this health paradigm and the promotion of preconception messages that are obtained by the public. We identified online preconception health messages, which were critically assessed through a women's health perspective. Methods We searched for "preconception care" on three major search engines...
January 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070262/experiences-of-women-regarding-gaps-in-preconception-care-services-in-the-iranian-reproductive-health-care-system-a-qualitative-study
#14
Roghieh Bayrami, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hamid Allahverdipour, Mojgan Javadnoori, Habibollah Esmaily
INTRODUCTION: Despite the beginnings of preconception care (PCC) delivery around a decade ago in Iran, there are still significant gaps in its service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of women as well as midwives toward gaps in PCC delivery in the Iranian reproductive health care system. METHODS: In this exploratory qualitative study, 27 married women and 13 midwives were recruited using purposive sampling from five health centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056865/why-women-do-not-ask-for-information-on-preconception-health-a-qualitative-study
#15
Renata Bortolus, Nadia C Oprandi, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Luca Marchetto, Francesca Filippini, Eleonora Agricola, Alberto E Tozzi, Carlo Castellani, Faustina Lalatta, Bruno Rusticali, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
BACKGROUND: Preconception care involves health promotion to reduce risk factors that might affect women and couples of childbearing age. The risk factors of adverse reproductive outcomes include recognized genetic diseases in the family or the individual, previous congenital diseases, miscarriage, prematurity, fetal growth restriction, infertility, chronic maternal diseases, lifestyle, and occupational or environmental factors. Effective preconception care involves a range of preventive, therapeutic and behavioural interventions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056690/2016-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum
#16
Erik K Alexander, Elizabeth N Pearce, Gregory A Brent, Rosalind S Brown, Herbert Chen, Chrysoula Dosiou, William Grobman, Peter Laurberg, John H Lazarus, Susan J Mandel, Robin Peeters, Scott Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease in pregnancy is a common clinical problem. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were first published in 2011, significant clinical and scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease in women during pregnancy, preconception and the postpartum period...
January 6, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048569/tu-h-204-03-ncrp-pac-4-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#17
D Miller
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048448/su-f-e-10-student-driven-exploration-of-radiographic-material-properties-phantom-construction-and-clinical-workflows-or-the-extraordinary-life-of-candy-man
#18
R N Mahon, M J Riblett, G D Hugo
PURPOSE: To develop a hands-on learning experience that explores the radiological and structural properties of everyday items and applies this knowledge to design a simple phantom for radiotherapy exercises. METHODS: Students were asked to compile a list of readily available materials thought to have radiation attenuation properties similar to tissues within the human torso. Participants scanned samples of suggested materials and regions of interest (ROIs) were used to characterize bulk attenuation properties...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047838/tu-h-204-00-work-of-icrp-ncrp-and-others-and-how-they-impact-on-medical-physicists
#19
Madan Rehani
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047179/tu-h-204-01-work-of-icrp-in-relation-to-activities-of-medical-physicists
#20
M Rehani
: Since 1928, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has developed, maintained, and elaborated the International System of Radiological Protection used world-wide as the common basis for radiological protection standards, legislation, guidelines, programs, and practice. ICRP provides and periodically revises radiation and tissue weighing factors, provides and updates recommended dose limits for occupational and public exposures, recommends dose levels for termination of pregnancy, and estimates threshold doses for tissue reactions (deterministic effects)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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