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Preconception health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#1
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319589/preconception-care-for-the-general-ob-gyn
#2
Jessica C Arluck, Allison C Mayhew
Preconception counseling is an important aspect of the care of reproductive-aged women. Asking each woman with each interaction her wishes regarding pregnancy allows the health care provider to investigate her history. The areas to review include environmental toxins, nutrition, genetics, substance abuse, medical conditions, infectious diseases, and psychosocial issues. Then preconception counseling can be individualized. The goal is to decrease or eliminate risks that can cause detriments to the patient or her future pregnancies...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#3
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317131/what-do-we-know-about-the-relationships-between-preconception-parental-health-infertility-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
EDITORIAL
Erma Z Drobnis, Danny J Schust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#5
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297052/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-airborne-particulate-matter-of-1-%C3%AE-m-or-less-with-preterm-birth-in-china
#6
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Hong Zhou, Xiaobin Wang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Jun Zhao, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Yan Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Hai-Jun Wang, Xu Ma
Importance: Airborne particulate matter pollution has been associated with preterm birth (PTB) in some studies. However, most of these studies assessed only populations living near monitoring stations, and the association of airborne particulate matter having a median diameter of 1 μm or less (PM1) with PTB has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate whether PM1 concentrations are associated with the risk of PTB. Design, Setting, and Participants: This national cohort study used National Free Preconception Health Examination Project data collected in 324 of 344 prefecture-level cities from 30 provinces of mainland China...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274714/no-354-canadian-hiv-pregnancy-planning-guidelines
#7
Mona Loutfy, V Logan Kennedy, Vanessa Poliquin, Frederick Dzineku, Nicola L Dean, Shari Margolese, Alison Symington, Deborah M Money, Scot Hamilton, Tracey Conway, Sarah Khan, Mark H Yudin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Canadian HIV Pregnancy Planning Guidelines is to provide clinical information and recommendations for health care providers to assist Canadians affected by HIV with their fertility, preconception, and pregnancy planning decisions. These guidelines are evidence- and community-based and flexible and take into account diverse and intersecting local/population needs based on the social determinants of health. INTENDED OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE: Literature searches were conducted by a librarian using the Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Embase databases for published articles in English and French related to HIV and pregnancy and HIV and pregnancy planning for each section of the guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246348/effectiveness-of-a-pediatric-primary-care-intervention-to-increase-maternal-folate-use-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Nymisha Chilukuri, Tina L Cheng, Kevin J Psoter, Kamila B Mistry, Katherine A Connor, Daniel J Levy, Krishna K Upadhya
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of provision of folate vitamins and a preconception health intervention on folate use among mothers bringing infants to pediatric primary care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in mothers presenting with their infants (<12 months) at 4 urban pediatric practices in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area. There were 45 clinicians randomized into an intervention group (15-item preconception health screening and counseling and 90-day multivitamin supply) and control group (preconception health and community resource handouts and 90-day multivitamin supply)...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246118/socioeconomic-inequality-in-periconceptional-folic-acid-supplementation-in-china-a-census-of-0-9-million-women-in-their-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#9
Min Liu, Jing Chen, Jue Liu, Shikun Zhang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: To assess socioeconomic inequality in periconceptional folic acid supplementation in China. METHODS: We used data of periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation of rural Chinese women from the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project from 2010 to 2012 and socioeconomic level data from the National Bureau of Statistics. We used logistic models to assess the associations between the prevalence of taking FA and the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, the couples, and the socioeconomic levels of their region of residence...
December 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241469/-social-obstetrics-a-level-playing-field-when-it-comes-to-a-healthy-start
#10
E A P Steegers
Next to foetal growth, embryonic development during the first weeks of pregnancy is associated not only with the health of the newborn, but also with health and disease in later life. In the Netherlands, large disparities exist in perinatal health. These are not only related to medical risks but also to an accumulation of risks related to lifestyle and the social environment. The effects of poverty on perinatal health appear to be substantial. These new insights should lead to a renewal of pregnancy-related care in the form of the implementation of preconception care and 'social obstetrics', into which medical and social domains of care should be integrated...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241080/paternal-urinary-concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardant-metabolites-fertility-measures-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#11
Courtney C Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, John D Meeker, Heather M Stapleton, Craig M Butt, Thomas L Toth, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) has increased over the past decade following the phase out of some brominated flame retardants, leading to increased human exposure. We recently reported that increasing maternal PFR exposure is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes among women from a fertility clinic. Because a small epidemiologic study previously reported an inverse association between male PFR exposures and sperm motility, we sought to examine associations of paternal urinary concentrations of PFR metabolites and their partner's pregnancy outcomes...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240527/depressive-symptom-prevalence-and-predictors-in-the-first-half-of-pregnancy
#12
Patricia Anne Kinser, Leroy R Thacker, Dana Lapato, Sara Wagner, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Ananda Amstadter, Timothy P York
INTRODUCTION: Major depression during the peripartum (MDP) period carries significant public health impact due to the potential adverse effects on maternal, infant, and family outcomes. METHODS: As part of a larger longitudinal study, this cross-sectional observational study sought to build upon the current literature on the prevalence and predictors of depression in the early second trimester of pregnancy, as related to generally accepted risk factors and other less explored risk factors...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237538/periconception-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-risk-of-congenital-malformations
#13
Sheng Ren, Erin Haynes, Eric Hall, Monir Hossain, Aimin Chen, Louis Muglia, Long Lu, Emily DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between increased exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during the periconception period with risk of congenital anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Using birth certificate data from the Ohio Department of Health (2006-2010) and PM2.5 data from the US Environmental Protection Agency's 57 monitoring stations located throughout Ohio, the geographic coordinates of the mother's residence for each birth were linked to the nearest PM2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223750/choosing-pre-conception-planning-for-women-families-counselling-and-informed-consent-part-2-pre-conception-reproductive-planning-lifestyle-immunization-and-psychosocial-issues
#14
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues. OPTIONS: This counselling information can be used for patient education and planning and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow for improved risk assessment when pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families is used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203504/frequencies-and-ethnic-distribution-of-abo-and-rhd-blood-groups-in-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jue Liu, Shikun Zhang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Min Liu
OBJECTIVES: ABO and RhD blood groups are key factors affecting blood transfusion safety. The distribution of ABO and RhD blood groups varies globally, but limited data exist for ethnic distributions of these blood groups in Asian populations. We aimed to evaluate the distribution of ABO and RhD blood groups among Chinese ethnic groups. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data on ABO groups and ethnicities were obtained from the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP) with participants from 220 counties of 31 provinces in China PARTICIPANTS: There were 3 832 034 participants aged 21-49 years who took part in the NFPHEP from January 2010 to December 2012 and were included in this study...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196858/first-trimester-prenatal-care-initiation-among-hispanic-women-along-the-u-s-mexico-border
#16
Katherine Selchau, Maricela Babuca, Kara Bower, Yara Castro, Eugenie Coakley, Araceli Flores, Jonah O Garcia, Maria Lourdes F Reyes, Yvonne Rojas, Jason Rubin, Deanne Samuels, Laura Shattuck
Background First trimester prenatal care (FTPNC) is associated with improved birth outcomes. U.S.-Mexico border Hispanic women have lower FTPNC than non-border or non-Hispanic women. This study aimed to identify (1) what demographic, knowledge and care-seeking factors influence FTPNC among Hispanic women in border counties served by five Healthy Start sites, and (2) what FTPNC barriers may be unique to this target population. Healthy Starts work to eliminate disparities in perinatal health in areas with high poverty and poor birth outcomes...
December 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195631/preconception-health-care-interventions-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Natalie Hemsing, Lorraine Greaves, Nancy Poole
Pregnancy is often framed as a "window of opportunity" for intervening on a variety of health practices such as alcohol and tobacco use. However, there is evidence that interventions focusing solely on the time of pregnancy can be too narrow and potentially stigmatizing. Indeed, health risks observed in the preconception period often continue during pregnancy. Using a scoping review methodology, this study consolidates knowledge and information related to current preconception and interconception health care interventions published in the academic literature...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182590/study-on-the-prevalence-of-severe-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-china-a-large-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Qiuyue Ma, Shikun Zhang, Jue Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Min Liu
Globally, severe anemia impacts millions of non-pregnant women. However, studies on the prevalence of severe anemia through large epidemiologic surveys among non-pregnant women have been scarce in China. In this study, we aimed to study the prevalence of severe anemia and its determinants among non-pregnant women living in rural areas of China. Data were gathered for 712,101 non-pregnant women aged between 21 and 49 years who attended the 2012 National Free Preconception Health Examination Project. Severe anemia in non-pregnant women was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) concentration lower than 80 g/L...
November 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173596/the-placebo-effect-in-cardiology-understanding-and-using-it
#19
REVIEW
Robert Sheldon, Morwenna Opie-Moran
The placebo effect is the clinical benefit caused by interaction with a caregiver and health care system in the absence of a biologically active intervention and has been used successfully for millennia. The placebo response results from the interaction of psychosocial mechanisms, human relationships, and preconceptions functioning in specific neuroanatomic locations with known genes and neurotransmitters. It occurs with or without the administration of an inactive substance to deliberately deceive patients...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168895/epigenetics-as-a-driver-of-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-did-we-forget-the-fathers
#20
REVIEW
Adelheid Soubry
What are the effects of our environment on human development and the next generation? Numerous studies have provided ample evidence that a healthy environment and lifestyle of the mother is important for her offspring. Biological mechanisms underlying these environmental influences have been proposed to involve alterations in the epigenome. Is there enough evidence to suggest a similar contribution from the part of the father? Animal models provide proof of a transgenerational epigenetic effect through the paternal germ line, but can this be translated to humans? To date, literature on fathers is scarce...
November 23, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
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