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PhD Education

Jennifer C Alyono, Robert K Jackler, Sujana S Chandrasekhar
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history of women in the American Otological Society (AOS). METHODS: Biographies of the early women of the AOS were compiled through review of the AOS transactions, their published scholarship, newspaper articles, and memorials. Interviews were conducted with the only two women to have led the society and also with former colleagues and family members of pioneering AOS women members who are no longer with us. The evolving gender composition of the society over time was researched from AOS membership lists and compared with data on surgical workforce composition from multiple sources such as the Association of American Medical Colleges, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, American Medical Association, and the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Sadie Geraghty, Kim Oliver
AIMS: The aims of this study were to gain an understanding of the experiences of nurses and midwives enrolled in a PhD, explore any barriers that PhD students encounter whilst completing the degree, and develop recommendations for consideration in formulating support strategies to encourage completion for nurses and midwives enrolled on a PhD degree. BACKGROUND: It is important to understand what is happening at doctoral level education for nurses and midwives, and how those enrolled on PhD courses can successfully complete their studies, transition learning, and acquire the ability to undertake research into the clinical environments...
February 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Janessa M Graves, Julie Postma, Janet R Katz, Leanne Kehoe, Eileen Swalling, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: Among research-focused nursing doctoral (PhD) programs in the United States, the traditional dissertation format has recently given way to a series of publication-ready manuscripts, often bookended by introduction and conclusion chapters. To help programs make decisions about the use of these formats, this study undertook a national survey of programs offering PhDs in nursing. The purpose of this study was to explore the advantages and disadvantages of the traditional format versus manuscript option for dissertations among nursing PhD programs in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
XiaoLing Bai, ZhongChen Luo, Ting Lou, Jin Pang, SiYuan Tang
BACKGROUND: Despite the rapid growth of Chinese nursing PhD programs, little is known about the career intentions of students in this field. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the career intentions of nursing PhD students. DESIGN: Online cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing PhD students at Chinese universities. METHODS: An online questionnaire was designed and the data were analyzed using SPSS...
March 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Emma Carpenter, Ann A Lazar, Gwen Essex, Cheryl A Davis, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To identify the factors that have influenced dental hygienists to pursue post-graduate education opportunities, specifically dental (DDS, DMD) as compared to academic doctoral degrees, such as doctor of philosophy (PhD) or doctor of education (EdD). Methods: A convenience sample of dental hygienists with doctoral degrees were identified from multiple sources (n=140) and sent a 27-item web-based survey. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influence of independent variables (respondents' demographic and personal characteristics, influential persons and experiences, encouraging and motivating factors) on the respondents' decision to pursue either a dental or an academic doctoral degree...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Carol Bullin
Background: A doctoral degree, either a PhD or equivalent, is the academic credential required for an academic nurse educator position in a university setting; however, the lack of formal teaching courses in doctoral programs contradict the belief that these graduates are proficient in teaching. As a result, many PhD prepared individuals are not ready to meet the demands of teaching. Methods: An integrative literature review was undertaken. Four electronic databases were searched including the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) and ProQuest...
2018: BMC Nursing
Luisa N Borrell, Sharon P Joseph
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Socioeconomic position during life and periodontitis in adulthood: a systematic review. Schuch HS, Peres KG, Singh A, Peres MA, Do LG. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2017; 45(3):201-8. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Brazilian Government Agency-CAPES: Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel for the PhD Scholarship (HSS-Process 13374-13-1) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
March 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Jean D Miles, William H Staples, Daniel J Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Home care physical therapists (PTs) are inconsistent regarding cognitive screening, possibly because screening tools were traditionally considered the domain of other home care disciplines, or because therapists perceive their dementia training to be inadequate. A cross sectional study was designed to survey home care therapists' attitudes and beliefs about the management of persons with dementia and to find out whether any specific cognitive tools or measures are currently used...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Kristina Zardeckaite-Matulaitiene, Rasa Marksaityte, Aukse Endriulaitiene, Douglas R Tillman, David D Hof
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare desire for social distance from people with mental illness in the disciplines of social work and psychology, and among students and professionals having different professional experience. METHODS: 948 respondents (715 students and 233 professionals) from Lithuanian educational and mental health-care institutions participated in an anonymous survey. Social distance was measured using Lithuanian Social Distance Scale which was created for this study...
February 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Margrethe Foss Hansen
This PhD thesis is based on three original articles. The studies were performed at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Herlev University Hospital and at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Odense University Hospital. 
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a frequent disorder among women, which for the individual can have physical, psychological and social consequences. The current standard of surgical treatment is the synthetic midurethral sling (MUS), which is a minimal invasive procedure.
As the synthetic MUSs (TVT,TVT-O,TOT) were introduced in the late 1990s, there are only a few studies at the long-term follow-up based on nationwide populations; only a few have reported on the risk of reoperation and there is sparse evidence on which treatment should be used subsequently to failure of synthetic MUSs...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
J G Dietrichkeit Pereira, T S Frontanilla Recalde, P Barreto Costa, V Jacometti, L Vigorito Magalhães, R H Alves Da Silva
BACKGROUND: Forensic Odontology is a topic present in the majority of Dental Schools in Brazil, and due to this reality, some universities develop activities related to undergraduate and graduate students, from the Dentistry course until the Ph.D. degree. AIM: To present the education experience related to Forensic Odontology at School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto (USP - University of São Paulo), showing the strategies and activities in the different degrees (Dental course, Forensic Odontology Specialization Program, Specific Professional Training, Master, and Ph...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
Ayda Gan Nambayan
Ayda G. Nambayan, PhD, RN is the Training Consultant for The Ruth Foundation for Palliative and Hospice Care. Prior to this, she held various positions as a Consultant for Advanced Education and Training at Makati Medical Center, Philippines; a curriculum and distance learning developer for, the educational website of the International Outreach Program of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, TN. In 2002, she retired from a faculty position from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where she taught Adult Health Nursing for 25 years...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
Nicola Mountford, Enrique Dorronzoro Zubiete, Threase Kessie, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Roberto Nuño-Solinís, David Coyle, Kristin B Munksgaard, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Octavio Rivera Romero, Matilde Mora Fernandez, Pedro Valero Jimenez, Ailish Daly, Ruth Whelan, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: As cancer survival rates increase, the challenge of ensuring that cancer survivors reclaim their quality of life (QoL) becomes more important. This paper outlines the research element of a research and training program that is designed to do just that. OBJECTIVE: Bridging sectors, disciplines, and geographies, it brings together eight PhD projects and students from across Europe to identify the underlying barriers, test different technology-enabled rehabilitative approaches, propose a model to optimize the patient pathways, and examine the business models that might underpin a sustainable approach to cancer survivor reintegration using technology...
January 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Hege Mari Johnsen, Mariann Fossum, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt, Ann Fruhling, Åshild Slettebø
Future nursing education is challenged to develop innovative and effective programs that align with current changes in health care and to educate nurses with a high level of clinical reasoning skills, evidence-based knowledge, and professional autonomy. Serious games (SGs) are computer-based simulations that combine knowledge and skills development with video game-playing aspects to enable active, experiential, situated, and problem-based learning. In a PhD project, a video-based SG was developed to teach nursing students nursing care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in home health care and hospital settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Eileen Elias
BACKGROUND: Eileen Elias has decades of experience in leadership positions within government and nongovernmental organizations. As the first female Commissioner for Mental Health in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the US in the early 1990s, Elias gained experience on navigating gender-based challenges to attain recognized performance outcomes. OBJECTIVE: From lessons learned from women leaders, educate young women entering their careers on attaining leadership positions...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Stefano Vercelli, Elisa Ravizzotti, Matteo Paci
Background: In a clinical science-based profession such as physiotherapy, research is mandatory to update knowledge and to provide cost-effective, high quality treatments. This study aimed to provide point prevalence of Italian physiotherapists who are academics, holding a PhD degree, or being authors of scientific papers. The scientific journal productivity of physiotherapists was also thoroughly analyzed. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on all Italian physiotherapists...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Christina Liossi, Alessandro Failo, Daniel E Schoth, Glyn Williams, Richard F Howard
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricula often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified through a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included 3 concept blocks: (1) type of intervention-online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (2) population-pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, and medical; and (3) outcome-pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
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