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PhD Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507774/footnotes-to-kraepelin-changes-in-the-classification-of-mood-disorders-with-dsm-5
#1
EDITORIAL
Nicola J Kalk, Allan H Young
SUMMARY: Reliable diagnosis of mood disorders continues to pose a challenge. This is surprising because they have been recognised clinically since classical times. Mood disorders are also common: major depressive disorder affects nearly 300 million people worldwide and bipolar affective disorder nearly 60 million and they are a major cause of disability. Nonetheless, the reliability trials of the updated Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) found that the reliability of the diagnosis of major depressive disorder was in the 'questionable' range...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485642/twelve-tips-for-choosing-and-surviving-a-phd-in-medical-education-a-student-perspective
#2
Billy Bryan, Helen R Church
The decision to undertake a PhD in medical education could mark a critical point in defining your future career. Attaining the highest level of degree in such a diverse and rewarding area as medical education may not only provide you with an opportunity to undertake important new research, but could also unlock different job opportunities. As is often the case, such rewards are not gained lightly. There can be real challenges in making the decision to undertake and then to successfully navigate a PhD. The specific subject and process of each doctorate is unique, leaving many prospective and current students uncertain as to what to expect...
May 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483739/characterizing-awareness-of-schizophrenia-among-facebook-users-by-leveraging-facebook-advertisement-estimates
#3
Koustuv Saha, Ingmar Weber, Michael L Birnbaum, Munmun De Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a rare but devastating condition, affecting about 1% of the world's population and resulting in about 2% of the US health care expenditure. Major impediments to appropriate and timely care include misconceptions, high levels of stigma, and lack of public awareness. Facebook offers novel opportunities to understand public awareness and information access related to schizophrenia, and thus can complement survey-based approaches to assessing awareness that are limited in scale, robustness, and temporal and demographic granularity...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468709/precepted-experiences-for-doctoral-student-nurses
#4
Brenna L Quinn
Across many levels of nursing education, mentored experiences are an essential part of learning. To enhance understanding, learning, and comfort for those new to professional roles, experienced and skilled professionals provide motivation while teaching professional skills, demonstrating technical competence, and displaying behavior expected of a professional. Educator preparation topics such as curriculum development, evaluation, and lesson planning are not typically included in PhD programs, leaving PhD students feeling unprepared to teach (Hudacek & Carpenter, 1998; Ivey, 2007)...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450447/fair-play-a-study-of-scientific-workforce-trainers-experience-playing-an-educational-video-game-about-racial-bias
#5
Anna Kaatz, Molly Carnes, Belinda Gutierrez, Julia Savoy, Clem Samuel, Amarette Filut, Christine Maidl Pribbenow
Explicit racial bias has decreased in the United States, but racial stereotypes still exist and conspire in multiple ways to perpetuate the underparticipation of Blacks in science careers. Capitalizing on the potential effectiveness of role-playing video games to promote the type of active learning required to increase awareness of and reduce subtle racial bias, we developed the video game Fair Play, in which players take on the role of Jamal, a Black male graduate student in science, who experiences discrimination in his PhD program...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448779/effect-of-a-pharmacist-led-program-on-improving-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-northern-cyprus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Eylem Ilktac Korcegez, Mesut Sancar, Kutay Demirkan
BACKGROUND: The management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is complex, requiring continuous medical care by health care professionals and considerable self-care efforts by patients. Pharmacist-led care programs have been shown to help patients with diabetes succeed in achieving treatment goals and improving outcomes. Pharmacist-led care is a new health care concept in Northern Cyprus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-led care program on glycemic control, determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), and secondarily on blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, medication adherence, and self-care activities, for patients with type 2 diabetes over a 12-month period...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440956/doctoral-snobbery-justified-or-just-elitism
#7
EDITORIAL
Melanie Birks, Roger Watson
Doctoral snobbery exists. It's a thing (Parnell, 2016). It's an extension of 'academic snobbery' (Martin & Sorensen, 2014) more generally, and probably originates from 'title snobbery' (Valverde, Mueller, Paciotti, & Conway, 2016). Successfully completing a doctoral qualification is no small achievement and so some degree of elitism is probably reasonable. But is it reasonable for there to be an elitist division between the traditional PhD and the relative newcomer, the professional doctorate? And what about the doctorate in nursing practice (DNP) now apparently overtaking the PhD in the USA? Our recent participation in a round table on doctoral education in Hong Kong prompted us to explore the issue further and, by implication, to invite further comment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#8
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410688/education-and-training-of-medical-physics-in-iran-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#9
Seyed Rabi Mahdavi, Behrouz Rasuli, Azam Niroomand-Rad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of education and training programs in medical physics in Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and sent to 274 IAMP (Iranian Association of Medical Physicists) members focusing on these two topics: the educational situation (course syllabus, number of faculty members, number of PhD and MSc students and sub-fields offered in the department) and the professional situation (work experience, workplaces of medical physicists, postgraduate degrees that were granted and the amount of therapy and imaging equipment)...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387150/improving-acl-reconstruction-outcomes
#10
Kevin E Wilk, Kurt P Spindler, Eric McCarty, Dustin Grooms, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common and predominantly successful surgical intervention. But are there specific preoperative patient characteristics or intraoperative surgeon decisions that lead to better or worse outcomes? And can understanding brain function changes of patients after ACL reconstruction reveal insights into the ways that postsurgical rehabilitation can be improved to further enhance outcomes? These intriguing and clinically applicable questions are addressed in this webinar titled "Improving ACL Reconstruction Outcomes," hosted jointly by JOSPT and JBJS...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383545/the-collaborative-african-genomics-network-training-program-a-trainee-perspective-on-training-the-next-generation-of-african-scientists
#11
Busisiwe C Mlotshwa, Savannah Mwesigwa, Gerald Mboowa, Lesedi Williams, Gaone Retshabile, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Misaki Wayengera, Samuel Kyobe, Chester W Brown, Neil A Hanchard, Graeme Mardon, Moses Joloba, Gabriel Anabwani, Sununguko W Mpoloka
PURPOSE: The Collaborative African Genomics Network (CAfGEN) aims to establish sustainable genomics research programs in Botswana and Uganda through long-term training of PhD students from these countries at Baylor College of Medicine. Here, we present an overview of the CAfGEN PhD training program alongside trainees' perspectives on their involvement. BACKGROUND: Historically, collaborations between high-income countries (HICs) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), or North-South collaborations, have been criticized for the lack of a mutually beneficial distribution of resources and research findings, often undermining LMICs...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379048/integrated-approaches-to-physical-therapy-education-a-new-comprehensive-model-from-the-university-of-illinois-chicago
#12
Ross Arena, Gay Girolami, Alexander Aruin, Aaron Keil, Jenna Sainsbury, Shane A Phillips
Demand for physical therapists in the United States (U.S.) is currently robust and expected to grow further. There are currently 228 physical therapy programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE), and 30 more are in development in the U.S.; 29,246 students are currently enrolled in these programs (2014-2015 data). A shortage of physical therapy faculty with an advanced doctoral degree (i.e., PhD, EdD, DSc) is a primary concern for these programs. Specialized residency and fellowship training in physical therapy continue to expand, preparing professionals to deliver advanced clinical care...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375662/excellence-in-phd-dissertations-in-health-professions-education-toward-standards-and-expectations
#13
Olle Ten Cate, Anselme Derese, Steven J Durning, Patricia O'Sullivan
The authors of this perspective contribution have served two terms (2014 and 2016) in the Jury of the biennial Best PhD Dissertation Award committee of the Netherlands Association for Medical Education. During this period, the committee reviewed 32 dissertations. Based on discussions among the jury regarding elements of an award winning dissertation and existing literature, we propose seven criteria to evaluate PhD dissertations: size, breadth of research skills exhibited, coherence of studies, relevance to field, validity, style, communicative power and ethics, and impact of the work...
April 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361565/education-training-and-practice-among-nordic-neuropsychologists-results-from-a-professional-practices-survey
#14
A Norup, J Egeland, M Løvstad, T Nybo, B A Persson, D Rivera, A-K Schanke, S Sigurdardottir, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries. METHODS: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015. RESULTS: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47 years (range 24-79)...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344704/decolonization-in-health-professions-education-reflections-on-teaching-through-a-transgressive-pedagogy
#15
Ruth Rodney
BACKGROUND: Canadian health educators travel to the global south to provide expertise in health education. Considering the history of relations between the north and south, educators and healthcare providers from Canada should critically examine their practices and consider non-colonizing ways to relate to their Southern colleagues. METHODS: Using her experience as a teacher with the Toronto Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration in Nursing, the author explored issues of identity and representation as a registered nurse and PhD candidate teaching in Ethiopia...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#16
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#17
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research%C3%A2-funding
#18
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the National Institutes of Health to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of obstetrics and gynecology physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988 through 2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50 award...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272535/european-registration-process-for-clinical-laboratory-geneticists-in-genetic-healthcare
#19
Thomas Liehr, Isabel M Carreira, Dilek Aktas, Egbert Bakker, Marta Rodríguez de Alba, Domenico A Coviello, Lina Florentin, Hans Scheffer, Martina Rincic
Tremendous progress in genetics and genomics led to a wide range of healthcare providers, genetic tests, and more patients who can benefit from these developments. To guarantee and improve the quality of genetic testing, a unified European-based registration for individuals qualified in biomedicine was realized. Therefore a Europe-wide recognition of the profession 'European registered Clinical Laboratory Geneticist (ErCLG)' based on a syllabus of core competences was established which allows for harmonization in professional education...
May 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#20
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
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