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PhD Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410688/education-and-training-of-medical-physics-in-iran-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#1
Seyed Rabi Mahdavi, Behrouz Rasuli, Azam Niroomand-Rad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of education and training programs in medical physics in Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and sent to 274 IAMP (Iranian Association of Medical Physicists) members focusing on these two topics: the educational situation (course syllabus, number of faculty members, number of PhD and MSc students and sub-fields offered in the department) and the professional situation (work experience, workplaces of medical physicists, postgraduate degrees that were granted and the amount of therapy and imaging equipment)...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387150/improving-acl-reconstruction-outcomes
#2
Kevin E Wilk, Kurt P Spindler, Eric McCarty, Dustin Grooms, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common and predominantly successful surgical intervention. But are there specific preoperative patient characteristics or intraoperative surgeon decisions that lead to better or worse outcomes? And can understanding brain function changes of patients after ACL reconstruction reveal insights into the ways that postsurgical rehabilitation can be improved to further enhance outcomes? These intriguing and clinically applicable questions are addressed in this webinar titled "Improving ACL Reconstruction Outcomes," hosted jointly by JOSPT and JBJS...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383545/the-collaborative-african-genomics-network-training-program-a-trainee-perspective-on-training-the-next-generation-of-african-scientists
#3
Busisiwe C Mlotshwa, Savannah Mwesigwa, Gerald Mboowa, Lesedi Williams, Gaone Retshabile, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Misaki Wayengera, Samuel Kyobe, Chester W Brown, Neil A Hanchard, Graeme Mardon, Moses Joloba, Gabriel Anabwani, Sununguko W Mpoloka
PURPOSE: The Collaborative African Genomics Network (CAfGEN) aims to establish sustainable genomics research programs in Botswana and Uganda through long-term training of PhD students from these countries at Baylor College of Medicine. Here, we present an overview of the CAfGEN PhD training program alongside trainees' perspectives on their involvement. BACKGROUND: Historically, collaborations between high-income countries (HICs) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), or North-South collaborations, have been criticized for the lack of a mutually beneficial distribution of resources and research findings, often undermining LMICs...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379048/integrated-approaches-to-physical-therapy-education-a-new-comprehensive-model-from-the-university-of-illinois-chicago
#4
Ross Arena, Gay Girolami, Alexander Aruin, Aaron Keil, Jenna Sainsbury, Shane A Phillips
Demand for physical therapists in the United States (U.S.) is currently robust and expected to grow further. There are currently 228 physical therapy programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE), and 30 more are in development in the U.S.; 29,246 students are currently enrolled in these programs (2014-2015 data). A shortage of physical therapy faculty with an advanced doctoral degree (i.e., PhD, EdD, DSc) is a primary concern for these programs. Specialized residency and fellowship training in physical therapy continue to expand, preparing professionals to deliver advanced clinical care...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375662/excellence-in-phd-dissertations-in-health-professions-education-toward-standards-and-expectations
#5
Olle Ten Cate, Anselme Derese, Steven J Durning, Patricia O'Sullivan
The authors of this perspective contribution have served two terms (2014 and 2016) in the Jury of the biennial Best PhD Dissertation Award committee of the Netherlands Association for Medical Education. During this period, the committee reviewed 32 dissertations. Based on discussions among the jury regarding elements of an award winning dissertation and existing literature, we propose seven criteria to evaluate PhD dissertations: size, breadth of research skills exhibited, coherence of studies, relevance to field, validity, style, communicative power and ethics, and impact of the work...
April 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361565/education-training-and-practice-among-nordic-neuropsychologists-results-from-a-professional-practices-survey
#6
A Norup, J Egeland, M Løvstad, T Nybo, B A Persson, D Rivera, A-K Schanke, S Sigurdardottir, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries. METHODS: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015. RESULTS: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47 years (range 24-79)...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344704/decolonization-in-health-professions-education-reflections-on-teaching-through-a-transgressive-pedagogy
#7
Ruth Rodney
BACKGROUND: Canadian health educators travel to the global south to provide expertise in health education. Considering the history of relations between the north and south, educators and healthcare providers from Canada should critically examine their practices and consider non-colonizing ways to relate to their Southern colleagues. METHODS: Using her experience as a teacher with the Toronto Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration in Nursing, the author explored issues of identity and representation as a registered nurse and PhD candidate teaching in Ethiopia...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#8
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#9
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research%C3%A2-funding
#10
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the National Institutes of Health to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of obstetrics and gynecology physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988 through 2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50 award...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272535/european-registration-process-for-clinical-laboratory-geneticists-in-genetic-healthcare
#11
Thomas Liehr, Isabel M Carreira, Dilek Aktas, Egbert Bakker, Marta Rodríguez de Alba, Domenico A Coviello, Lina Florentin, Hans Scheffer, Martina Rincic
Tremendous progress in genetics and genomics led to a wide range of healthcare providers, genetic tests, and more patients who can benefit from these developments. To guarantee and improve the quality of genetic testing, a unified European-based registration for individuals qualified in biomedicine was realized. Therefore a Europe-wide recognition of the profession 'European registered Clinical Laboratory Geneticist (ErCLG)' based on a syllabus of core competences was established which allows for harmonization in professional education...
May 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270715/if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#12
Margaret A Powers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, La., on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis, Minn. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes, including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253880/medical-students-research-productivity-and-career-preferences-a-2-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#13
Riitta Möller, Maria Shoshan
BACKGROUND: Linking undergraduate medical education to scientific research is necessary for the quality of future health care, and students´ individual research projects are one way to do so. Assessment of the impact of such projects is of interest for both educational and research-oriented segments of medical schools. Here, we examined the scholarly products and medical students' career preferences 2 years after a mandatory research project course. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional questionnaire study...
March 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250087/cell-scientist-to-watch-marvin-tanenbaum
#14
(no author information available yet)
Marvin Tanenbaum performed his undergraduate studies in Biomedical Sciences at the University of Amsterdam in The Netherlands. He obtained his PhD from Utrecht University in 2010 cum laude, having worked with René Medema on microtubule motor proteins. He won the Netherlands Association for Medical Education (NVMO) Oncology and Utrecht University Thesis awards, and moved to San Francisco with an EMBO long-term fellowship for his postdoctoral position in Ron Vale's laboratory at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211595/pharmacy-education-in-jordan-updates
#15
Qais Alefan, Mo'tasem M Alsmadi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the increasing number of pharmacy schools in Jordan. METHOD: A review for numbers of schools and their curricula was conducted. KEY FINDINGS: To date, there are 18 pharmacy schools in Jordan. PharmD program is offered by two public schools. PhD program is offered by one school; while MSc program is offered by seven schools. Public pharmacy schools have two similar programs in terms of curricula, 'regular' and 'parallel'...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#16
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185698/progression-of-authorship-of-scientific-articles-in-the%C3%A2-journal-of-hand-surgery-1985-2015
#17
Alex Gu, Neil Almeida, Jordan S Cohen, Kathryn M Peck, Gregory A Merrell
PURPOSE: For scientists, authorship is academic currency. Authorship characteristics have been studied in a subset of the surgical and medical literature, but trends in the specialty of hand surgery have not yet been investigated. Specifically, a longitudinal analysis of number, educational training, sex, and geographical origin of authors has not been conducted. We explored the progression of authorship of scientific articles in a leading hand surgery journal. METHODS: We recorded number of authors, number of references, degrees, and sex of the first and senior authors as well as geographical origin of the corresponding author in The Journal of Hand Surgery in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185519/-seize-every-opportunity
#18
Layla Haidrani
What is your job? I am a lecturer practitioner and senior charge nurse in the emergency department (ED) at King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London. My role focuses on clinical practice, education, research and management. I am also undertaking a PhD investigating the effect of complex interventions on long-term outcomes for patients with significant blunt thoracic trauma.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131151/facilitating-the-transition-of-nurse-clinician-to-nurse-scientist-significance-of-entry-phd-courses
#19
Deborah K Armstrong, Mary McCurry, Nancy M Dluhy
Transitioning into the role of nurse scientist requires the acquisition of new knowledge but also involves the development of new scholarly skills and the appropriation of the unique values and goals of the new role. Students engaged in doctor of philosophy education in all practice disciplines are confronted with a necessary shift in perspective and identity from that of the practice expert to the research scientist and experience a tension referred to as the research-practice dualism. The purpose of this article is to examine the ramifications of this identity shift in nursing doctor of philosophy education and to detail one program's strategy to address the inherent tension...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131150/using-simulation-in-nursing-phd-education-facilitating-application-of-responsible-conduct-of-research-principles
#20
Margaret F Clayton, Katherine Supiano, Rebecca Wilson, Madeline Lassche, Gwen Latendresse
Simulation is a standard clinical nursing educational approach; however, simulation is rarely used in nonclinical nursing education. In doctor of philosophy (PhD) programs, ethical content about responsible conduct of research (RCR) is traditionally didactic, presented early in the program of study. Ethics content merits review before students begin the dissertation phase; thus, the purpose of this project was to design and implement simulated scenarios to help students apply RCR principles prior to beginning independent research...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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