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PhD Education

Cynthia N Fuhrmann
PhD-trained biomedical scientists are moving into an increasingly diverse variety of careers within the sciences. However, our graduate and postdoctoral training programs have historically focused on academic career preparation, and have not sufficiently prepared trainees for transitioning into other scientific careers. Advocates for science have raised the concern that our collective disregard of the broader career development needs for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees could drive talent away from science in upcoming generations...
October 20, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Azita Balaghafari, Hasan Siamian, Farideh Kharamin, Seyyedeh Shahrbanoo Rashida, Nassim Ghahrani
BACKGROUND: Review and evaluation of research for the correct steps towards real progress is essential which is a healthy and dynamic feature of the system. For the correct step toward real progress, evaluation research is essential which is feature of healthy and dynamic system. Considering the importance of scientific thesis in production and development and be aware of as the lack of structured information and qualitative and quantitative assessment at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, therefore we decided to do qualitative stud of theirs prepared 1995-2014...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
J Plaksin, R M Cymerman, R Caso Caso, C Galeano, R Ramasamy, G Gold-von Simson
Drug development (DD) is a multidisciplinary process that spans the translational continuum, yet remains an understudied entity in medical schools and biomedical science institutes. In response to a growing interest and unmet need, we implemented a DD course series that details identification of viable molecular targets, clinical trial design, intellectual property, and marketing. Enrollment is open to faculty, postdoctoral trainees, and MD, PhD, and MS students. After 2 years, 37 students and 23 students completed the fall and spring courses, respectively...
October 1, 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
Geri B Neuberger
BACKGROUND: The critical need for more nurses with research doctoral degrees to replace vacancies among retiring nursing faculty and nurse administrators is identified. The Future of Nursing report recommends that the number of nurses with PhD degrees double by 2020. METHOD: Encouraging nursing students to begin doctoral education early in their careers is essential to meeting this goal now and in the future. One method to promote early enrollment into doctoral education is participation in a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) honors program...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Dominika Vrbnjak, Suzanne Denieffe, Claire O'Gorman, Majda Pajnkihar
OBJECTIVE: To explore barriers to nurses' reporting of medication errors and near misses in hospital settings. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL, PubMed and Cochrane Library in addition to Google and Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant studies published in English between January 1981 and April 2015 were searched for relevant qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods empirical studies or unpublished PhD theses...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Jo Marie Reilly
This commentary reflects the professional life story of a prolific and well-published poet, Howard Stein. An anthropologist by training, Howard's poetry is well known and well respected by family physicians. It is within family medicine that Howard found his professional home, and in his 45-plus-year career he has shared the value of "patient story"; the value of the doctor-patient relationship; and the art of listening deeply to self, colleagues, and patients. This commentary offers a tribute to Howard's professional life and his contributions to family and narrative medicine...
September 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Laura C Hart
Changes in health care-including a growing emphasis on quality, outcomes, and lower costs-are transforming the delivery of care and creating a knowledge gap that continuing education must bridge. As clinicians and health leaders spend less time in hospital settings, educational activities are likely to extend their reach, for instance through online education distributed on laptops, tablets, or smartphones. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD, explored this shift in his 2016 keynote to the World Congress for Continuing Professional Development: "Learn to Change: Teaching Toward a Shifting Health Care Horizon...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Nella Bieszk, Shannon L Reynolds, Wenhui Wei, Cralen Davis, Pravin Kamble, Claudia Uribe
BACKGROUND: Clinical inertia, which has been defined as the recognition of a problem with a patient's management but failing to act, is a concern in type 2 diabetes (T2D) because it places the patient at risk of diabetes-related complications. Despite managed care organizations making significant investment in this area, little is known about the impact of educational programs aimed at aligning patients and their physicians with diabetes guidelines and thus overcoming clinical inertia...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Nella Bieszk, Shannon L Reynolds, Wenhui Wei, Cralen Davis, Pravin Kamble, Claudia Uribe
BACKGROUND: Clinical inertia, which has been defined as the recognition of a problem with a patient's management but failing to act, is a concern in type 2 diabetes (T2D) because it places the patient at risk of diabetes-related complications. Despite managed care organizations making significant investment in this area, little is known about the impact of educational programs aimed at aligning patients and their physicians with diabetes guidelines and thus overcoming clinical inertia...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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August 2016: European Heart Journal
Nazila Nikravanfard, Faezeh Khorasanizadeh, Kazem Zendehdel
Research ethics training during post-graduate education is necessary to improve ethical standards in the design and conduct of biomedical research. We studied quality and quantity of research ethics training in the curricula of post-graduate programs in the medical science in I.R. Iran. We evaluated curricula of 125 post-graduate programs in medical sciences in I.R. Iran. We qualitatively studied the curricula by education level, including the Master and PhD degrees and analyzed the contents and the amount of teaching allocated for ethics training in each curriculum...
August 16, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
(no author information available yet)
Winnipeg, Manitoba was the host city of the 2016 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2016 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts include Community Based Nutritional Care, Wellness & Public Health, Determinants of Food Choice, Dietary Intake, Nutrition Health & Education, Dietetic Practice & Education, Clinical Research & Patient Service, and Nutrition Social Media & the Web...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Joshua D Hall, Jessica R Harrell, Kimberley W Cohen, Virginia L Miller, Patricia V Phelps, Jeanette G Cook
Certain racial and ethnic groups, individuals with disabilities, and those from low socioeconomic backgrounds remain underrepresented (UR) in the biomedical sciences. This underrepresentation becomes more extreme at each higher education stage. To support UR scholars during the critical transition from baccalaureate to PhD, we established an intensive, 1-yr postbaccalaureate training program. We hypothesized that this intervention would strengthen each participant's competitiveness for leading PhD programs and build a foundation of skills and self-efficacy important for success during and after graduate school...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Robin Remich, Michelle E Naffziger-Hirsch, J Lynn Gazley, Richard McGee
This report builds upon our previous study, which described five patterns of why college graduates join National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded diversity-focused Postbaccalaureate Research Education Programs (PREP). A 2015 report from the NIH showed that a high fraction of PREP participants matriculate into PhD and MD/PhD programs. This current study reveals how participants change during PREP, the program elements that facilitate change, and how identity as a graduate student and future scientist develops...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Alessandra A Macedo, Evandro E S Ruiz, José A Baranauskas
BACKGROUND: In 2003, the University of São Paulo established the first Biomedical Informatics (BMI) undergraduate course in Brazil. Our mission is to provide undergraduate students with formal education on the fundamentals of BMI and its applied methods. This undergraduate course offers theoretical aspects, practical knowledge and scientifically oriented skills in the area of BMI, enab- ling students to contribute to research and methodical development in BMI. Course coordinators, professors and students frequently evaluate the BMI course and the curriculum to ensure that alumni receive quality higher education...
October 17, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
Joellen Edwards, Kathleen Rayman, Sandra Diffenderfer, April Stidham
BACKGROUND: At least 111 schools and colleges of nursing across the nation provide both PhD and DNP programs (AACN, 2014a). Collaboration between nurses with doctoral preparation as researchers (PhD) and practitioners (DNP) has been recommended as essential to further the profession; that collaboration can begin during the educational process. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and implementation of successful DNP and PhD program collaboration, and to share the results of that collaboration in an educational setting...
July 2016: Nursing Outlook
Behnam Taebi, William E Kastenberg
A joint effort by the University of California at Berkeley and Delft University of Technology to develop a graduate engineering ethics course for PhD students encountered two types of challenges: academic and institutional. Academically, long-term collaborative research efforts between engineering and philosophy faculty members might be needed before successful engineering ethics courses can be initiated; the teaching of ethics to engineering graduate students and collaborative research need to go hand-in-hand...
July 13, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Maria Amélia Leite Ferreira, Alexandra Manuela Nogueira de Andrade Pereira, José Carlos Amado Martins, Maria do Céu Barbieri-Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: To identify the academic scientific production on palliative care in master dissertations and PhD theses carried out by nurses in Portugal. METHOD: A descriptive retrospective study of bibliometric type with search for the abstracts available in repositories of higher education institutions in the period 2000-2014. RESULTS: Of the 1814 papers identified, 249 met the inclusion criteria (ten doctoral theses and 239 master dissertations)...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Joy Y Balta, Michael Cronin, John F Cryan, Siobhain M O'Mahony
Utilizing reality anatomy such as dissection and demonstrating using cadavers has been described as a superior way to create meaning. The chemicals used to embalm cadavers differentially alter the tissue of the human body, which has led to the usage of different processes along the hard to soft-fixed spectrum of preserved cadavers. A questionnaire based approach was used to gain a better insight into the opinion of anatomists on the use of preserved cadavers for the teaching of human anatomy. This study focused on anatomy teachers in the United Kingdom and Ireland...
June 28, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
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