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Nanofiber scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719579/using-primate-neural-stem-cells-cultured-in-self-assembling-peptide-nanofiber-scaffolds-to-repair-injured-spinal-cords-in-rats
#1
J-C Ye, Y Qin, Y-F Wu, P Wang, Y Tang, L Huang, M-J Ma, Y-S Zeng, H-Y Shen
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/sc.2016.36.
July 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718680/development-of-emu-oil-loaded-pcl-collagen-bioactive-nanofibers-for-proliferation-and-stemness-preservation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cell-possible-application-in-regenerative-medicine
#2
Kazem Nejati-Koshki, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Effat Alizadeh, Abbas Ebrahimi-Kalan, Yousef Mortazavi, Nosratollah Zarghami
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are promising candidate in stem cell therapies, and maintaining their stemness potential is vital to achieve effective treatment. Natural based scaffolds have been recently attracted increasing attention in nanomedicine and drug delivery. In the present study, a polymeric nanofibrous scaffold was developed based on the polycaprolactone/Collagen (PCL/Coll) containing Emu oil as a bioactive material to induce the proliferation of ASCs, while simultaneously preserve the stemness property of those cells...
July 18, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713016/a-conducive-bioceramic-polymer-composite-biomaterial-for-diabetic-wound-healing
#3
Fang Lv, Jie Wang, Peng Xu, Yiming Han, Hongshi Ma, He Xu, Shijie Chen, Jiang Chang, Qinfei Ke, Mingyao Liu, Zhengfang Yi, Chengtie Wu
Diabetic wound is a common complication of diabetes. Biomaterials offer great promise in inducing tissue regeneration for chronic wound healing. Herein, we reported a conducive Poly (caprolactone) (PCL)/gelatin nanofibrous composite scaffold containing silicate-based bioceramic particles (Nagelschmidtite, NAGEL, Ca7P2Si2O16) for diabetic wound healing. NAGEL bioceramic particles were well distributed in the inner of PCL/gelatin nanofibers via co-electrospinning process and the Si ions maintained a sustained release from the composite scaffolds during the degradation process...
July 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711618/fabrication-of-bi-layer-scaffold-of-keratin-nanofiber-and-gelatin-methacrylate-hydrogel-implications-for-skin-graft
#4
Jong Wook Kim, Min Jin Kim, Chang Seok Ki, Hyun Jeong Kim, Young Hwan Park
Bi-layer scaffold composed of human hair keratin/chitosan nanofiber mat and gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel was fabricated by using electrospinning and photopolymerization techniques. To prepare the nanofiber layer, the blend solution of human hair keratin and chitosan (mixture ratio: 5/5) was electrospun using formic acid as a solvent in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol), followed by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde. The tensile strength of the human hair keratin/chitosan nanofiber mat was much higher than that of pure human hair keratin nanofiber mat...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703122/synergistic-effect-of-electrical-conductivity-and-biomolecules-on-human-meniscal-cell-attachment-growth-and-proliferation-in-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-nanocomposite-scaffolds
#5
Janarthanan Gopinathan, Mamatha M Pillai, K Santosh Sahanand, B K Dinakar Rai, Rajendran Selvakumar, Amitava Bhattacharyya
Poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) based nanocomposite scaffolds with different concentrations of carbon nanofillers (carbon nanofibers (CNF), nanographite and exfoliated graphite) have been studied to investigate the effect of electrical conductivity and biomolecules supplementation for enhanced human meniscal cell attachment, growth and proliferation. Incorporation of carbon nanofillers was found to improve mechanical and electrical properties. CNF based nanocomposite scaffolds showed highest electrical conductivity with significant improvements in mechanical properties (more than 50% tensile strength increase than PCL with 10% (w/w) CNF)...
July 13, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702219/modification-and-optimization-of-electrospun-gelatin-sheets-by-electron-beam-irradiation-for-soft-tissue-engineering
#6
Jae Baek Lee, Young-Gwang Ko, Donghwan Cho, Won Ho Park, Oh Hyeong Kwon
BACKGROUND: Crosslinked gelatin nanofibers are one of the widely used scaffolds for soft tissue engineering. However, modifying the biodegradation rate of chemically crosslinked gelatin is necessary to facilitate cell migration and tissue regeneration. Here, we investigated the optimal electron beam (e-beam) irradiation doses with biodegradation behavior on changes in the molecular weight, morphology, pore structure, and cell proliferation profiles of electrospun nanofibrous gelatin sheets...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695751/watercress-based-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffolds-enhance-proliferation-and-stemness-preservation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#7
Mehdi Dadashpour, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Seyed Abolghasem Mohammadi, Nosratollah Zarghami, Mohammad Pourhassan-Moghaddam, Effat Alizadeh, Mohammad Jafar Maleki, Akram Firouzi-Amandi, Mohammad Nouri
The present study describes the effects of Watercress extract (WE) based electrospun nanofibrous mats on the regulation of adhesion, proliferation, cytoprotection and stemness preservation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is one of the most important medicinal plant with a board spectrum of biological functions. For this purpose, WE-loaded PCL-PEG nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning and characterized using FE-SEM and FTIR. Adhesion, proliferation and cytoprotection of ADSCs on the nanofibers was investigated using FE-SEM and MTT assays...
July 11, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695746/improvement-of-hepatogenic-differentiation-of-ips-cells-on-an-aligned-polyethersulfone-compared-to-random-nanofibers
#8
Maryam Mahmoodinia Maymand, Hamid Reza Soleimanpour-Lichaei, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Masoud Soleimani, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Shahrzad Nojehdehi, Farkhondeh Behjati, Maryam Kabir Salmani
The application of stem cells holds great promises in cell and tissue transplants. This study was designed to compare the hepatogenic differentiation of iPSCs on aligned PES/COL versus random. Aligned and random PES/COL nanofibrus scaffolds were fabricated by electrospining and their surface modified through plasma treatment and collagen coating. The scaffolds were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ATR-FTIR. Morphology and biochemical activities of the differentiated hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) were examined after 5 and 20 days of differentiation...
July 11, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691869/composite-electrospun-nanofibers-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-grafted-with-poly-3-dodecylthiophene-and-poly-3-thiophene-ethanol-and-blended-with-polycaprolactone
#9
Raana Sarvari, Somaye Sattari, Bakhshali Massoumi, Samira Agbolaghi, Younes Beygi-Khosrowshahi, Amir Kahaie-Khosrowshahi
In this paper, an effective method was employed for preparation of nanofibers using conducting polymer-functionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO). First, graphene oxide (GO) was obtained from graphite by Hommer method. GO was reduced to rGO by NaBH4 and covalently functionalized with a 3-thiophene acetic acid (TAA) by an esterification reaction to reach 3-thiophene acetic acid-functionalized reduced graphene oxide macromonomer (rGO-f-TAAM). Afterward, rGO-f-TAAM was copolymerized with 3-dodecylthiophene (3DDT) and 3-thiophene ethanol (3TEt) to yield rGO-f-TAA-co-PDDT (rGO-g-PDDT) and rGO-f-TAA-co-P3TEt (rGO-g-PTEt), which were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectra...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690683/microchip-based-3d-cell-culture-using-polymer-nanofibers-generated-by-solution-blow-spinning
#10
Chengpeng Chen, Alexandra D Townsend, Scott A Sell, R Scott Martin
Polymer nano/micro fibers have found many applications including 3D cell culture and the creation of wound dressings. The fibers can be produced by a variety of techniques that include electrospinning, the primary disadvantage of which include the requirement for a high voltage supply (which may cause issues such as polymer denaturation) and lack of portability. More recently, solution blow spinning, where a high velocity sheath gas is used instead of high voltage, has been used to generate polymer fibers. In this work, we used blow spinning to create nano/microfibers for microchip-based 3D cell culture...
June 14, 2017: Analytical Methods: Advancing Methods and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690008/laminin-mimetic-peptide-nanofibers-regenerate-acute-muscle-defect
#11
Cagla Eren Cimenci, Gozde Uzunalli, Ozge Uysal, Fatih Yergoz, Ebru Karaca Umay, Mustafa O Guler, Ayse B Tekinay
Skeletal muscle cells are terminally differentiated and require the activation of muscle progenitor (satellite) cells for their regeneration. There is a clinical need for faster and more efficient treatment methods for acute muscle injuries, and the stimulation of satellite cell proliferation is promising in this context. In this study, we designed and synthesized a laminin-mimetic bioactive peptide (LM/E-PA) system that is capable of accelerating satellite cell activation by emulating the structure and function of laminin, a major protein of the basal membrane of the skeletal muscle...
July 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684351/effectiveness-of-chitosan-scaffold-in-skin-bone-and-cartilage-healing
#12
REVIEW
Ahmad Oryan, Sonia Sahvieh
Chitosan (CS) is a carbohydrate biopolymer, which has been known as a biological material in promoting the healing process of soft and hard connective tissues. It is biocompatible, biodegradable, bioactive, non-toxic, non-expensive and non-immunogenic, with antibacterial capability. Additionally, the capacity of forming complexes with other anionic biomaterials and molecules offers CS the characteristics to be used in biomedical applications. Therefore, this natural polysaccharide has widely been used as a wound dressing and in bone and cartilage regeneration because of these considerable properties...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678209/nanofiber-scaffolds-as-drug-delivery-systems-to-bridge-spinal-cord-injury
#13
REVIEW
Angela Faccendini, Barbara Vigani, Silvia Rossi, Giuseppina Sandri, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Carla Marcella Caramella, Franca Ferrari
The complex pathophysiology of spinal cord injury (SCI) may explain the current lack of an effective therapeutic approach for the regeneration of damaged neuronal cells and the recovery of motor functions. A primary mechanical injury in the spinal cord triggers a cascade of secondary events, which are involved in SCI instauration and progression. The aim of the present review is to provide an overview of the therapeutic neuro-protective and neuro-regenerative approaches, which involve the use of nanofibers as local drug delivery systems...
July 5, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677805/designer-d-form-self-assembling-peptide-scaffolds-promote-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-rat-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#14
Shuo Chen, Ao Zhou, Bin He, Weikang Zhao, Xiaojun Chen, Dianming Jiang
Self-assembling peptide (SAP) nanofiber hydrogel scaffolds have become increasingly important in tissue engineering due to their outstanding bioactivity and biodegradability. However, there is an initial concern on their long-term clinical use, since SAPs made of L-form amino acid sequences are sensitive to enzymatic degradation. In this study, we present a designer SAP, D-RADA16, made of all D-amino acid. We investigated the nanofiber morphology of D-RADA16, its potential for the culture of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and the proteolytic resistance of the biomaterial...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675029/binary-doping-of-strontium-and-copper-enhancing-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-of-bioactive-glass-nanofibers-while-suppressing-osteoclast-activity
#15
Lin Weng, Sunil Kumar Boda, Matthew Teusink, Franklin D Shuler, Xiaoran Li, Jingwei Xie
Electrospun bioactive glass fibers show great potential as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering due to their architectural biomimicry of the bone extracellular matrix and their composition capable of providing soluble bioactive cues for bone regeneration and remodeling. Trace elements can be doped to further promote osteogenesis and angiogenesis during bone regeneration. Cationic substitution of strontium for calcium in bioactive glass positively enhances osteoblast phenotype, while suppressing osteoclast activity...
July 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674433/random-lasing-from-structurally-modulated-silk-fibroin-nanofibers
#16
Soocheol Kim, SungYeun Yang, Seung Ho Choi, Young L Kim, WonHyoung Ryu, Chulmin Joo
Structural arrangement and dimension play vital roles in wave transport and amplification as they can restrict the volume explored by the waves. However, it is challenging to systematically investigate the interplay among structural, optical, and mechanical properties, in part because of limited experimental platforms that modulate the structural arrangement in a continuous manner. We present light amplification action in Rhodamine B doped silk fibroin (SF) nanofibrous scaffolds and its modulation via the control of the alignment or directionality of SF nanofibers through an electrospinning procedure...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672008/nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-the-guidance-of-stem-cell-derived-neurons-for-auditory-nerve-regeneration
#17
Sandra Hackelberg, Samuel J Tuck, Long He, Arjun Rastogi, Christina White, Liqian Liu, Diane M Prieskorn, Ryan J Miller, Che Chan, Benjamin R Loomis, Joseph M Corey, Josef M Miller, R Keith Duncan
Impairment of spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) of the auditory nerve is a major cause for hearing loss occurring independently or in addition to sensory hair cell damage. Unfortunately, mammalian SGNs lack the potential for autonomous regeneration. Stem cell based therapy is a promising approach for auditory nerve regeneration, but proper integration of exogenous cells into the auditory circuit remains a fundamental challenge. Here, we present novel nanofibrous scaffolds designed to guide the integration of human stem cell-derived neurons in the internal auditory meatus (IAM), the foramen allowing passage of the spiral ganglion to the auditory brainstem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661650/superflexible-wood
#18
Jianwei Song, Chaoji Chen, Chengwei Wang, Yudi Kuang, Yongfeng Li, Feng Jiang, Yiju Li, Emily Hitz, Ying Zhang, Boyang Liu, Amy Gong, Huiyang Bian, J Y Zhu, Jianhua Zhang, Jun Li, Liangbing Hu
Flexible porous membranes have attracted increasing scientific interest due to their wide applications in flexible electronics, energy storage devices, sensors, and bioscaffolds. Here, inspired by nature, we develop a facile and scalable top-down approach for fabricating a superflexible, biocompatible, biodegradable three-dimensional (3D) porous membrane directly from natural wood (coded as flexible wood membrane) via a one-step chemical treatment. The superflexibility is attributed to both physical and chemical changes of the natural wood, particularly formation of the wavy structure formed by simple delignification induced by partial removal of lignin/hemicellulose...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658997/evaluation-of-the-potential-of-kartogenin-encapsulated-poly-l-lactic-acid-co-caprolactone-collagen-nanofibers-for-tracheal-cartilage-regeneration
#19
Haiyue Yin, Juan Wang, Ziqi Gu, Wenhao Feng, Manchen Gao, Yu Wu, Hao Zheng, Xiaomin He, Xiumei Mo
Tracheal stenosis is one of major challenging issues in clinical medicine because of the poor intrinsic ability of tracheal cartilage for repair. Tissue engineering provides an alternative method for the treatment of tracheal defects by generating replacement tracheal structures. In this study, we fabricated coaxial electrospun fibers using poly(L-lactic acid-co-caprolactone) and collagen solution as shell fluid and kartogenin solution as core fluid. Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope images demonstrated that nanofibers had uniform and smooth structure...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655919/facile-fabrication-of-nanofibrillated-chitin-ag2o-heterostructured-aerogels-with-high-iodine-capture-efficiency
#20
Runan Gao, Yun Lu, Shaoliang Xiao, Jian Li
Nanofibrillated chitin/Ag2O aerogels were fabricated for radioiodine removal. Chitin was first fabricated into nanofibers with abundant acetyl amino groups (-NHCOCH3) on the surface. Then, highly porous chitin nanofiber (ChNF) aerogels were obtained via freeze-drying. The ChNF aerogels exhibited a low bulk density of 2.19 mg/cm(3) and a high specific surface area of 179.71 m(2)/g. Ag2O nanoparticles were evenly anchored on the surfaces of ChNF scaffolds via strong interactions with -NHCOCH3 groups, subsequently yielding Ag2O@ChNF heterostructured aerogels...
June 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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