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Nanofiber scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097017/study-of-myoblast-differentiation-using-multi-dimensional-scaffolds-consisting-of-nano-and-micropatterns
#1
Sung Ho Cha, Hyun Jong Lee, Won-Gun Koh
BACKGROUND: The topographical cue is major influence on skeletal muscle cell culture because the structure is highly organized and consists of long parallel bundles of multinucleated myotubes that are formed by differentiation and fusion of myoblast satellite cells. In this technical report, we fabricated a multiscale scaffold using electrospinning and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel micropatterns to monitor the cell behaviors on nano- and micro-alignment combined scaffolds with different combinations of angles...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093942/self-assembling-peptide-nanostructures-on-aligned-poly-lactide-co-glycolide-nanofibers-for-the-functional-regeneration-of-sciatic-nerve
#2
Manasa Nune, Anuradha Subramanian, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, Suraj Sasidhara Kaimal, Swaminathan Sethuraman
AIM: Regeneration of functional peripheral nerve tissue at critical-sized defect requires extracellular matrix analogs impregnated with appropriate biosignals to regulate the cell fate process and subsequent tissue progression. The aim of the study was to develop electrospun aligned nanofibers as architectural analogs integrated with RADA16-I-BMHP1 as biofunctional peptides. MATERIALS & METHODS: Aligned poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-RADA16-I-BMHP1 nanofibers were fabricated and characterized for their in vitro potential using rat Schwann cell line and in vivo potential using a 10 mm sciatic nerve transection rat model...
January 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093364/fabrication-of-nanofibrous-electrospun-scaffolds-from-a-heterogeneous-library-of-co-and-self-assembling-peptides
#3
Mahboubeh Maleki, Antonino Natalello, Raffaele Pugliese, Fabrizio Gelain
: Self-assembling (SAPs) and co-assembling peptides (CAPs) are driving increasing enthusiasm as synthetic but biologically inspired biomaterials amenable of easy functionalization for regenerative medicine. On the other hand, electrospinning (ES) is a versatile technique useful for tailoring the nanostructures of various biomaterials into scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrices found in organs and tissues. The synergistic merging of these two approaches is a long-awaited advance in nanomedicine that has not been deeply documented so far...
January 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087448/fabrication-and-characterization-of-electrospun-cellulose-nano-hydroxyapatite-nanofibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#4
Chenghong Ao, Yan Niu, Ximu Zhang, Xu He, Wei Zhang, Canhui Lu
Nanofibrous scaffolds from cotton cellulose and nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) were electrospun for bone tissue engineering. The solution properties of cellulose/nano-HA spinning dopes and their associated electrospinnability were characterized. Morphological, thermal and mechanical properties of the electrospun cellulose/nano-HA nanocomposite nanofibers (ECHNN) were measured and the biocompatibility of ECHNN with human dental follicle cells (HDFCs) was evaluated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images indicated that the average diameter of ECHNN increased with a higher nano-HA loading and the fiber diameter distributions were well within the range of natural ECM (extra cellular matrix) fibers (50-500nm)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079980/induction-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-differentiation-in-the-absence-of-soluble-inducer-for-cutaneous-wound-regeneration-by-a-chitin-nanofibers-based-hydrogel
#5
Kangquan Shou, Yao Huang, Baiwen Qi, Xiang Hu, Zhanjun Ma, Ang Lu, Chao Jian, Lina Zhang, Aixi Yu
Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has been considered as a promising strategy for wound healing. However, poor viability of engrafted BMSCs and limited capabilities of differentiation into the desired cell types in wounds often hinder their application. Few studies report the induction of BMSCs differentiation into the skin regeneration related cell types using natural biopolymer, e.g., chitin and its derivative. Here we utilized a chitin nanofibers(CNFs) hydrogel as a directive cue to induce BMSCs differentiation for enhancing cutaneous wound regeneration in the absence of cell-differentiating factors...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076994/adapted-dexamethasone-delivery-polyethylene-oxide-and-poly-%C3%A9-caprolactone-construct-promote-mesenchymal-stem-cells-chondrogenesis
#6
Armaghan Ghiaee, Faeze Pournaqi, Saeid Vakilian, Abdolah Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Issues associated with tissue transplantation and shortage of donors has always been a concern, whereas tissue engineering has provided the hopeful opportunities. The aim of this study was to investigate the chondrogenic differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the presence of embedded Dexamethasone into electrospun Poly(ethyleneoxide) nanofibers composited with Poly(ɛ-caprolactone) nanofibers. Electrospun-fabricated scaffolds were characterized by SEM, tensile, contact angle, release profile, MTT assay, and chonderogenic differentiation of stem cells...
January 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074880/tailoring-mechanically-robust-poly-m-phenylene-isophthalamide-nanofiber-nets-for-ultrathin-high-efficiency-air-filter
#7
Shichao Zhang, Hui Liu, Xia Yin, Zhaoling Li, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
Effective promotion of air filtration applications proposed for fibers requires their real nanoscale diameter, optimized pore structure, and high service strength; however, creating such filter medium has proved to be a tremendous challenge. This study first establishes a strategy to design and fabricate novel poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) nanofiber/nets (PMIA NF/N) air filter via electrospinning/netting. Our strategy results in generation of a bimodal structure including a scaffold of nanofibers and abundant two-dimensional ultrathin (~20 nm) nanonets to synchronously construct PMIA filters by combining solution optimization, humidity regulation, and additive inspiration...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071988/braided-and-stacked-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-tendon-and-ligament-tissue-engineering
#8
Benjamin B Rothrauff, Brian B Lauro, Guang Yang, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl, Rocky Tuan
Tendon and ligament injuries are a persistent orthopaedic challenge given their poor innate healing capacity. Non-woven electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds composed of polyesters have been used to mimic the mechanics and topographical cues of native tendons and ligaments. However, non-woven nanofibers have several limitations that prevent broader clinical application, including poor cell infiltration as well as tensile and suture-retention strengths that are inferior to native tissues. In this study, multilayered scaffolds of aligned electrospun nanofibers of two designs - stacked or braided - were fabricated...
January 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068081/peptide-decorated-nanofibrous-niche-augments-in-vitro-directed-osteogenic-conversion-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#9
Yi Deng, Yuanyi Yang, Shicheng Wei
Realization of clinical potential of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in bone regenerative medicine requires development of simple and safe biomaterials for expansion of hPSCs followed by directing their lineage commitment to osteoblasts. In the present study, a chemically defined peptide-decorated polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous microenvironment was prepared through electrospinning technology and subsequent conjugation with vitronectin peptide to promote the culture and osteogenic potential of hPSCs in vitro...
January 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060880/accelerated-wound-closure-differently-organized-nanofibers-affect-cell-migration-and-hence-the-closure-of-artificial-wounds-in-a-cell-based-in-vitro-model
#10
Maximilian Ottosson, Albin Jakobsson, Fredrik Johansson
Nanofiber meshes holds great promise in wound healing applications by mimicking the topography of extracellular matrix, hence providing guidance for crucial cells involved in the regenerative processes. Here we explored the influence of nanofiber alignment on fibroblast behavior in a novel in vitro wound model. The model included electrospun poly-ε-caprolactone scaffolds with different nanofiber orientation. Fibroblasts were cultured to confluency for 24h before custom-made inserts were removed, creating cell-free zones serving as artificial wounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060451/a-controlled-design-of-ripple-like-polyamide-6-nanofiber-nets-membrane-for-high-efficiency-air-filter
#11
Shichao Zhang, Hui Liu, Fenglei Zuo, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The filtration capacity of fibrous media for airborne particles is restricted by their thick diameter, low porosity, and limited frontal area. The ability to solve this problem would have broad technological implications for various air filtration applications; despite many past efforts, it remains a great challenge to achieve. Herein, a facile and scalable strategy to fabricate the ripple-like polyamide-6 nanofiber/nets (PA-6 NF/N) air filter via combining electrospinning/netting technique with receiving substrate design is demonstrated...
January 6, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040663/incorporation-of-amoxicillin-loaded-organic-montmorillonite-into-poly-ester-urethane-urea-nanofibers-as-a-functional-tissue-engineering-scaffold
#12
Kui Yu, Tonghe Zhu, Yu Wu, Xiangxiang Zhou, Xingxing Yang, Juan Wang, Jun Fang, Hany El-Hamshary, Salem S Al-Deyab, Xiumei Mo
A dual drug-loaded system is a promising alternative for the sustained drug release system and skin tissue engineering. In this study, a natural sodium montmorillonite (Na-MMT) modified by cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) was prepared as a carrier to load a model drug - amoxicillin (AMX), the modified organic montmorillonite (CTAB-OMMT) loaded with AMX was marked as AMX@CTAB-OMMT and was subsequently incorporated into poly(ester-urethane) urea (PEUU) and gelatin hybrid nanofibers via electrospinning, resulting in a new drug-loaded nanofibrous scaffold (AMX@CTAB-OMMT-PU75)...
December 23, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039620/primordial-germ-cell-differentiation-of-nuclear-transfer-embryonic-stem-cells-using-surface-modified-electroconductive-scaffolds
#13
Tarlan Eslami-Arshaghi, Saeid Vakilian, Ehsan Seyedjafari, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Masoud Soleimani, Mohammad Salehi
A combination of nanotopographical cues and surface modification of collagen and fibronectin is a potential platform in primordial germ cells (PGCs) differentiation. In the present study, the synergistic effect of nanotopography and surface modification on differentiation of nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells (nt-ESCs) toward PGC lineage was investigated. In order to achieve this goal, poly-anyline (PANi) was mix within poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA). Afterward, the random composite mats were fabricated using PLLA and PANi mix solution...
December 30, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029246/synergetic-cues-of-bioactive-nanoparticles-and-nanofibrous-structure-in-bone-scaffolds-to-stimulate-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis
#14
Jung-Ju Kim, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Hae-Won Kim
Providing a nanotopological physical cue in concert with a bioactive chemical signal within 3D scaffolds, while it is being considered a promising approach for bone regeneration, has yet to be explored. Here, we develop 3D porous scaffolds that are networked to be a nanofibrous structure and incorporated with bioactive glass nanoparticles (BGn) to tackle this issue. The involvement of BGn and nanofibrous structure (BGn+nanofibrous) substantially increased the surface area, hydro-affinity and protein loading capacity of scaffolds...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028520/evaluation-of-structural-and-mechanical-properties-of-electrospun-nano-micro-hybrid-of-poly-hydroxybutyrate-chitosan-silk-scaffold-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#15
Saeed Karbasi, Farnoosh Fekrat, Daryoush Semnani, Shahnaz Razavi, Elham Naghash Zargar
BACKGROUND: One of the new methods of scaffold fabrication is a nano-micro hybrid structure in which the properties of the scaffold are improved by introducing nanometer and micrometer structures. This method could be suitable for scaffold designing if some features improve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, electrospun nanofibers of 9% weight solution of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) and a 15% weight of chitosan by trifluoroacetic acid were coated on both the surface of a silk knitted substrate in the optimum condition to improve the mechanical properties of scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering application...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024587/novel-approach-towards-aligned-pcl-collagen-nanofibrous-constructs-from-a-benign-solvent-system
#16
Dirk Dippold, Aijia Cai, Moritz Hardt, Aldo R Boccaccini, Raymund Horch, Justus P Beier, Dirk W Schubert
Under several conditions such as severe trauma skeletal muscle lack the ability to reorganize and the loss of muscle function is inevitable. The application of tissue engineered constructs is a promising approach in regenerative therapies for damaged muscular tissue. Therefore, the development of highly aligned scaffolds based on polycaprolactone (PCL) has been studied extensively. Nanofiber scaffolds containing collagen have mostly been fabricated via electrospinning using highly corrosive 1,1,1,3,3,3 hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) so far...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012155/influence-of-chitosan-chitin-nanofiber-composites-on-cytoskeleton-structure-and-the-proliferation-of-rat-bone-marrow-stromal-cells
#17
Victoria V Kiroshka, Valentina A Petrova, Daniil D Chernyakov, Yulia O Bozhkova, Katerina V Kiroshka, Yulia G Baklagina, Dmitry P Romanov, Roman V Kremnev, Yury A Skorik
Chitosan scaffolds have gained much attention in various tissue engineering applications, but the effect of their microstructure on cell-material spatial interactions remains unclear. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of chitosan-based matrices doping with chitin nano-whiskers (CNW) on adhesion, spreading, cytoskeleton structure, and proliferation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). The behavior of BMSCs during culture on chitosan-CNW films was determined by the molecular mass, hydrophobicity, porosity, crosslinking degree, protonation degree and molecular structure of the composite chitosan-CNW films...
January 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009868/in-situ-integration-of-graphene-foam-titanium-nitride-based-bio-scaffolds-and-microfluidic-structures-for-soil-nutrient-sensors
#18
Md Azahar Ali, Kunal Mondal, Yifei Wang, Huawei Jiang, Navreet K Mahal, Michael J Castellano, Ashutosh Sharma, Liang Dong
It is challenging to integrate porous graphene foam (GF) and GF-based nanocomposites into microfluidic channels and even create microfluidic structures within these materials. This is because their irregular interior pore shape and geometry, rough exterior surface, and relatively large material thickness make it difficult to perform conventional photolithography and etching. This challenge has largely hindered the potential of using GF-based materials in microfluidics-based sensors. Here we present a simple approach to create well-defined flow-through channels within or across the GF-based materials, using a liquid-phase photopolymerization method...
December 23, 2016: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000609/an-i-in-vitro-i-3d-model-using-collagen-coated-gelatin-nanofibers-for-studying-breast-cancer-metastasis
#19
Janani Guru, Mamatha Pillai, Selvakumar Rajendran, Amitava Bhattacharyya, Sabarinath Chandrasekharan
Study of breast cancer metastasis is limited due to poor knowledge in molecular progression of breast tumor and varied heterogeneity. For better understanding of tumor metastasis, a reliable 3D <i>in vitro</i> model bridging the gap between 2D cultures and <i>in vivo</i> animal model studies is highly needed. Our study is focused on two keypoints (i) designing a 3D microenvironment for studying metastasis and (ii) simulating the metastasis milieu by inducing epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET)...
December 21, 2016: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997154/combining-electrospun-fiber-mats-and-bioactive-coatings-for-vascular-graft-prostheses
#20
Houman Savoji, Marion Maire, Pauline Lequoy, Benoît Liberelle, Gregory De Crescenzo, Abdellah Ajji, Michael R Wertheimer, Sophie Lerouge
The patency of small-diameter (<6 mm) synthetic vascular grafts (VGs) is still limited by the absence of a confluent, blood flow-resistant monolayer of endothelial cells (ECs) on the lumen and of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth into the media layer. In this research, electrospinning has been combined with bioactive coatings based on chondroitin sulfate (CS) to create scaffolds that possess optimal morphological and bioactive properties for subsequent cell seeding. We fabricated random and aligned electrospun poly(ethylene terephthalate), ePET, mats with small pores (3...
December 20, 2016: Biomacromolecules
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