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mesemchymal stem cells

Linda Ottoboni, Donatella De Feo, Arianna Merlini, Gianvito Martino
Owing to their unique immunomodulatory properties, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been advocated as a potential therapy for numerous pathological conditions in which immune-mediated inflammatory reactions play a crucial role, such as autoimmune disorders, cerebrovascular diseases and tumours. Increasing evidence suggest that stem cells, other than MSCs, are also capable of immunomodulation. Neural stem/precursor cells (NPCs) have been among the first stem cells to show immunomodulatory properties and nowadays represent one the most studied and promising stem cell subtype in still uncurable acute and chronic inflammatory neurological disorders...
December 2015: Immunology Letters
Fengjuan Lv, Minmin Lu, Kenneth M C Cheung, Victor Y L Leung, Guangqian Zhou
The past decade has witnessed numerous publications on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), which have great potential in regenerative medicine. MSC from various types of origins exhibit different characteristics, which may relate to the maintenance role of MSC in that specific source. Reports have emerged that among the most widely investigated sources, umbilical cord (UC) or umbilical cord blood (UCB) derived MSC throw advantages over bone marrow (BM) derived MSC due to their close to fetal origin. Here the methodologies used to separate MSC from UC or UCB, and the intrinsic properties, including proliferation capacity, multipotency, cytokine profile, cell surface protein expression and gene expression, between UC, UCB and BM derived MSC, are discussed in details, though may not in a full picture, for the first time...
November 2012: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Gaëlle Bouchez, Luc Sensebé, Patrick Vourc'h, Lucette Garreau, Sylvie Bodard, Angélique Rico, Denis Guilloteau, Pierre Charbord, Jean-Claude Besnard, Sylvie Chalon
Cellular therapy with adult stem cells appears as an opportunity for treatment of Parkinson's disease. To validate this approach, we studied the effects of transplantation of rat adult bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Animals were unilaterally lesioned in the striatum with 6-hydroxydopamine. Two weeks later, group I did not undergo grafting, group II underwent sham grafting, group III was intra-striatal grafted with cells cultured in an enriched medium and group IV was intra-striatal grafted with cells cultured in a standard medium...
June 2008: Neurochemistry International
R A Musina, E S Bekchanova, G T Sukhikh
We studied mesenchymal stem cells from human bone marrow, adipose tissue, skin, placenta, and thymus. Morphological study and cytofluorometrical analysis by the main marker genes (CD10, CD13, CD31, CD44, CD90, CD105) were carried out. Mesemchymal stem cells of the studied tissues during isolation and culturing were morphologically similar and did not differ by the expression of the main marker genes.
April 2005: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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