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Hannah A D Keage, Ashleigh Smith, Tobias Loetscher, Peter Psaltis
Older individuals can now undergo invasive cardiovascular procedures without serious concern about mortality, and the numbers and proportions of the over 65s and 85s doing so in Australia has been increasing over the last 20 years. There is overwhelming evidence linking cardiovascular conditions to late-life (65 years and over) cognitive impairment and dementia including Alzheimer's Disease, primarily due to impaired cerebrovascularisation and cascading neuropathological processes. Somewhat paradoxically, these cardiovascular interventions, carried out with the primary aim of revascularisation, are not usually associated with short- or long-term improvements in cognitive function in older adults...
September 23, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Yusuke Takahashi, Takao Watanabe, Akira Iimura, Osamu Takahashi
In this paper, using full-body CT images of elderly and advanced elderly Japanese cadavers, we measure maxillary and other paranasal sinus volumes in order to examine the effects of age, sex, presence or absence of maxillary molars, and other factors on changes to maxillary sinus volume. The research subjects consisted of 77 of 95 cadavers donated to the Kanagawa Dental University between 2012 and 2014, which average age was 82.6 ± 10 years (33 were male, average age 79.3 ± 8.3 years, and 44 were female, average age 85...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
N M Verweij, M E Hamaker, D D E Zimmerman, Y T van Loon, F van den Bos, A Pronk, I H M Borel Rinkes, A H W Schiphorst
BACKGROUND: Ostomies are being placed in 35 % of patients after colorectal cancer surgery. As decision-making regarding colorectal surgery is challenging in the older patients, it is important to have insight in the potential impact due to ostomies. METHODS: An internet-based survey was sent to all members with registered email addresses of the Dutch Ostomy Patient Association. RESULTS: The response rate was 49 %; 932 cases were included of whom 526 were aged <70 years old ("younger respondents"), 301 were aged between 70 and 79 years old ("the elderly"), and 105 were aged ≥80 years old ("oldest old")...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Danan Gu, Bethany L Brown, Li Qiu
BACKGROUND: Plenty of evidence has shown that self-perceived uselessness among older adults is negatively associated with successful aging in terms of good health in Western societies. It is unclear whether these findings are valid in China where living into older age is more selective due to high mortality at younger ages. METHODS: Using five waves (2000, 2002, 2005, 2008/2009 and 2011/2012) of a large nationally representative survey in China with 29,954 observations from 19,070 older adults aged 65 and older, this study aimed to investigate the association between self-perceived uselessness and successful aging...
October 6, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Gil Goldzweig, Lea Baider, Elisabeth Andritsch, Yakir Rottenberg
AIM: Assess relationships between oldest-old (minimum 86 years) patients' perceived social support to their own and their spousal caregivers' hope through application of the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM). PATIENTS & METHODS: 58 dyads of patients and their spousal caregivers completed standardized self-report measures of depression, distress, hope and social support. RESULTS: Patients presented high distress levels. Among patients and spouses, perceived social support was positively correlated to their own level of hope (β = 0...
October 7, 2016: Future Oncology
Tamara Sims, Andrew E Reed, Dawn C Carr
OBJECTIVES: Older adults often prioritize socially meaningful goals over informational goals. Thus, we predicted that using information and communication technology (ICT) in service of socially meaningful versus informational goals relates to higher well-being among the oldest-old. METHOD: We surveyed 445 adults aged 80+ (mean = 84, range = 80-93; 64% female; 26% non-White) online or via telephone. Participants reported motivations for ICT use (connect with others, learn new information) and rated their psychological and physical well-being (i...
October 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Benjamin Marent, Christina C Wieczorek, Karl Krajic
Following the trend in most developed countries, in Austria the oldest old are the fastest growing population group. Among this group, there is a high prevalence of multimorbidity, functional impairment, dementia and psychiatric conditions. While health promotion (HP) has been considered relevant in coping with the challenges of an aging population, it has so far been viewed as a foreign concept in relation to the oldest old, especially those living in residential aged care (RAC) facilities. Although there is an acknowledgement that HP should be integrated into routine nursing, there has been little research on how professionals working with RAC interpret and implement HP...
September 30, 2016: Health Promotion International
G Edward Miller, Eric M Sarpong, Amy J Davidoff, Eunice Y Yang, Nicole J Brandt, Donna M Fick
OBJECTIVE: To examine the determinants of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: U.S. nationally representative data on (n = 16,588) noninstitutionalized older adults (age ≥65) with drug use from the 2006-2010 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. STUDY DESIGN: We operationalized the 2012 Beers Criteria to identify PIM use during the year, and we examined associations with individual-level characteristics hypothesized to be quality enabling or related to need complexity...
September 29, 2016: Health Services Research
Jeanne Lackamp, Rebecca Schlachet, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Major depression disorder (MDD) is one of the most common mental disorders world-wide and is prevalent throughout the lifespan, with prevalence estimates of 1-5% in those 65 years of age and older. METHODS: The aim of this mini-review is to briefly summarize clinically relevant topics within the domain of later-life MDD. RESULTS: The mini-review presents an overview of epidemiology, complications of late life MDD, risk factors and clinical presentation, clinical assessment, general issues relevant to the treatment of the older adult with MDD, drug treatments, discussion of how medical complexity affects drug treatment and other treatment modalities...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Susan Schwinn, Robin McKay, Shirley Dinkel, Bobbe Mansfield, Brooke Faria Da Cunha, Savanna Cummins, Krystal Brunin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate hypertension (HTN) management in patients 80 years of age and older who reside in a large, long-term care (LTC) facility. DATA SOURCE: A retrospective chart audit was conducted on 75 charts of patients 80 years of age and older and who had a diagnosis of HTN. Using the 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) Expert Consensus Document on Management of Hypertension in the Elderly as a guide, blood pressure readings, significant comorbidities, and antihypertensive medication utilization were analyzed...
September 23, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Michael Bursztyn, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and association with mortality of orthostatic hypertension (OHYPER) amongst the oldest old. DESIGN AND METHOD: Two waves from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study of community dwelling residents born in 1920-21 were examined at age of 85 (n = 1004), and 90 (n = 437). Sitting blood pressure (BP) was measured three times on two occasions, averaged and compared to 1 minute standing BP. OHYPER, orthostatic hypotension (OHYPO) or normotension (ONT) were classified if the difference of standing-sitting SBP either increased or decreased by ≥20mmHg, or not...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Kwang-Il Kim
With the life-expectancy increased, the older population expected to grow all around the world. Especially, the increase of elderly population leads to increase of vulnerable or frail elderly people, who require special consideration in caring and managing chronic medical condition. Considering the substantial diversity in the prevalence of chronic medical conditions and functional impairment, elderly people are often highly heterogeneous and their physiological ability and vulnerability vary widely even in same chronological age...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chia-Hung Yo, Meng-Tse Gabriel Lee, Yenh-Chen Hsein, Chien-Chang Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on afebrile bacteremia. We aimed to compare the risk factors and outcomes of patients with afebrile and febrile infections. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of bloodstream isolates from 994 adults admitted to the emergency department of a university hospital. Afebrile infections, defined as the absence of fever history or measured fever through the emergency department course, was compared with febrile infection...
August 26, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Paola Forti, Fabiola Maioli, Michele Domenico Spampinato, Carlotta Barbara, Valeria Nativio, Maura Coveri, Marco Zoli, Luigi Simonetti, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Gaetano Procaccianti
BACKGROUND: Incidence of acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) increases with age, but there is a lack of information about ICH characteristics in the oldest-old (age ≥85 years). In particular, there is a need for information about hematoma volume, which is included in most clinical scales for prediction of mortality in ICH patients. Many of these scales also assume that, independent of ICH characteristics, the oldest-old have a higher mortality than younger elderly patients (age 65-74 years)...
September 6, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Hui-Shan Lin, J N Watts, N M Peel, R E Hubbard
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, increasing numbers of older adults are undergoing surgery. Frailty is prevalent in older adults and may be a better predictor of post-operative morbidity and mortality than chronological age. The aim of this review was to examine the impact of frailty on adverse outcomes in the 'older old' and 'oldest old' surgical patients. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken. Electronic databases from 2010 to 2015 were searched to identify articles which evaluated the relationship between frailty and post-operative outcomes in surgical populations with a mean age of 75 and older...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Evelyn Mermans, Jan Degryse, Bert Vaes
BACKGROUND: The recent literature has shown that the risk of hypertension in the old strongly depends on their physical abilities. However, it is unknown whether general practitioners (GPs) adapt their treatment strategies to the patient's independence. This study was conducted to investigate the treatment intentions of GPs for patients aged 80 and older with hypertension in relation to the patients' level of dependency. METHODS: A vignette study in Belgium. Flemish GPs (n = 305) were invited, directly or indirectly, by email to fill out a questionnaire, consisting of nine cases (three themes)...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Yukako Tani, Takeo Fujiwara, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yuri Sasaki, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVE: Previous investigations on the impact of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) on depression have focused on middle-aged adults in Western countries. It is unknown whether childhood SES has a long-latency effect on the onset of depression among older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed 10,458 individuals aged 65 years and older without depression (Geriatric Depression Scale <5) at baseline in 2010...
September 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Li Wang, Yonghua Li, Hairong Li, Jennifer Holdaway, Zhe Hao, Wuyi Wang, Thomas Krafft
The factors that influence the length of human life are complex and longevity remains a controversial topic, particularly in China. This paper demonstrates the spatial patterns and changes of the elderly group (65 years old and over), the oldest old (80 years old and over) and the centenarians in China in the last decade, analyzes the influence of economic development on aging, and in the end, using a case study, explores the characteristics of the centenarians' behavior. The results indicate that high elderly and the oldest old proportions are more common in regions with higher socio-economic development and that have a favorable climate...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Meng-Chin Chen, Kuei-Min Chen
AIM: The health and well-being of older adults are closely related to their economic and living statuses. Socioeconomic inequality has a substantial impact on the healthcare received by these older adults. The present study aimed to understand the current economic and living statuses of community older adults, and examine the relationships among their demographics, economic status and living status. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional correlational design...
August 17, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, James L Fisher, Ryan D Baltic, Electra D Paskett
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy, growth of minority populations, and advances in cancer screening and treatment have resulted in an increasing number of older, racially diverse cancer survivors. Potential black/white disparities in cancer incidence, stage, and survival among the oldest old (≥85 years) were examined using data from the SEER Program of the National Cancer Institute. METHODS: Differences in cancer incidence and stage at diagnosis were examined for cases diagnosed within the most recent 5-year period, and changes in these differences over time were examined for white and black cases aged ≥85 years...
August 15, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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