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Maarit Kauppi, Jani Raitanen, Sari Stenholm, Mari Aaltonen, Linda Enroth, Marja Jylhä
BACKGROUND: The need for long-term care services increases with age. However, little is known about the predictors of long-term care (LTC) entry among the oldest old. AIMS: Aim of this study was to assess predictors of LTC entry in a sample of men and women aged 90 years and older. METHODS: This study was based on the Vitality 90 + Study, a population-based study of nonagenarians in the city of Tampere, Finland. Baseline information about health, functioning and living conditions were collected by mailed questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Lena Dahlberg, Neda Agahi, Carin Lennartsson
To live with feelings of loneliness has negative implications for quality of life, health and survival. This study aimed to examine changes in loneliness among older people, both with regard to prevalence rates, and socio-demographic, social and health-related correlates of loneliness. This study had a repeated cross-sectional design and was based on the nationally representative Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD). Analyses of trends in loneliness covered the years 1992, 2002, 2004, 2011 and 2014, and included people aged 77 years or older (n=2 572)...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Silvio Cesar Escovar Paiva, Vanisa Fante Viapiana, Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Objective: To verify whether differences exist between groups of Brazilian adults aged 40-59 and 60-75 in respective performance on the Bells Test, given the dearth of literature investigating the relationship between focused visual attention and the age factor. Methods: Eighty-four neurologically healthy adults (half aged 40-59 and half 60-75) with high educational level (40-59 years group: M=17.75 years' education; SD=4.00; 60-75 years group: M=15.85 years education; SD=3...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Khin Khin Win, Mei Sian Chong, Noorhazlina Ali, Mark Chan, Wee Shiong Lim
Background: With >85 years, the fastest growing age segment in developed countries, dementia in the oldest-old is projected to increase exponentially. Being older, caregivers of dementia in oldest-old (CDOO) may experience unique challenges compared with younger-age groups. Thus, we aim to explore demographic characteristics and burden pattern among CDOO. Methods: We studied 458 family caregiver-patient dyads attending an outpatient memory clinic. We classified patients into three age-groups: <75, 75-84, and ≥85 years...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
Mari Aaltonen, Leena Forma, Jutta Pulkki, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen, Marja Jylha
OBJECTIVES: The time of death is increasingly postponed to a very high age. How this change affects the use of care services at the population level is unknown. This study analyses the care profiles of older people during their last 2 years of life, and investigates how these profiles differ for the study years 1996-1998 and 2011-2013. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional nationwide data drawn from the Care Register for Health Care, the Care Register for Social Care and the Causes of Death Register...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
Swantje Mueller, Jenny Wagner, Jacqui Smith, Manuel C Voelkle, Denis Gerstorf
Conceptual and empirical work has long suggested that personality and health are closely intertwined later in life. Little is known, however, about the nature and direction of time-ordered associations between the 2 domains within-persons. We applied continuous time auto- and cross-effects models to up to 6 waves of 13-year longitudinal data from the Berlin Aging Study (N = 516, M = 84.92, SD = 8.66, age range 70 to 103) and examined time-ordered relations between personality traits (i.e., extraversion and neuroticism) and performance-based indicators of functional health (i...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Z Yin, Z Fei, C Qiu, M S Brasher, V B Kraus, W Zhao, X Shi, Y Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations of dietary diversity with cognitive function among Chinese elderly. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011-2012, data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and logistic regression models. SETTING: community-based setting in the 23 provinces in China. SUBJECTS: 8,571 elderly participants, including 2984 younger elderly aged 65-79 and 5587 oldest old aged 80+ participated in this study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Liang Sun, Caiyou Hu, Ruiyue Yang, Yuan Lv, Huiping Yuan, Qinghua Liang, Benjin He, Guofang Pang, Menghua Jiang, Jun Dong, Ze Yang
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are promising for their potential anti-aging effects. However, findings in adults suggest that circulating BCAAs are associated with cardiometabolic risk. Moreover, little information is available about how BCAAs influence clustered cardiometabolic traits in the oldest-old (>85 years), which are the fastest-growing segment of the population in developed countries. Here, we applied a targeted metabolomics approach to measure serum BCAAs in Chinese participants (aged 21-110 years) based on a longevity cohort...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Roger Keller Celeste, Johan Fritzell
BACKGROUND: Inequalities over the life course may increase due to accumulation of disadvantage or may decrease because ageing can work as a leveller. We report how absolute and relative socioeconomic inequalities in musculoskeletal pain, oral health and psychological distress evolve with ageing. METHODS: Data were combined from two nationally representative Swedish panel studies: the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey and the Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Leonid A Gavrilov, Natalia S Gavrilova, Vyacheslav N Krut'ko
Knowledge of future mortality levels and trends is important for actuarial practice but poses a challenge to actuaries and demographers. The Lee-Carter method, currently used for mortality forecasting, is based on the assumption that the historical evolution of mortality at all age groups is driven by one factor only. This approach cannot capture an additive manner of mortality decline observed before the 1960s. To overcome the limitation of the one-factor model of mortality and to determine the true number of factors underlying mortality changes over time, we suggest a new approach to mortality analysis and forecasting based on the method of latent variable analysis...
January 2017: Living to 100 Monograph
Birong Dong, Jirong Yue, Li Cao, Ming Yang, Ning Ge, Hao Qiukui, Lujia He, Ying Wang, Joseph H Flaherty
China has the world's largest elderly population, and the oldest-old population, with a current disability rate greater than 50%, will triple in the next 35 years. The field of geriatrics is young, because almost all geriatric departments were established after 2000, and so faces many challenges. Management of diseases and hospital care is the focus. Senior physicians were trained in other subspecialties, such as pulmonary or cardiology, and junior physicians entered geriatrics departments as masters or doctorate students after medical school...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
David Leibowitz, Jeremy M Jacobs, Irit Lande-Stessman, Dan Gilon, Jochanan Stessman
Background This study examined the association between cardiac structure and function and the deterioration in activities of daily living (ADLs) in an age-homogenous, community-dwelling population of patients born in 1920-1921 over a five-year follow-up period. Design Longitudinal cohort study. Methods Patients were recruited from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study, which has followed an age-homogenous cohort of Jerusalem residents born in 1920-1921. Patients underwent home echocardiography and were followed up for five years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Constança Paúl, Laetitia Teixeira, Oscar Ribeiro
Background: Active aging encompasses a socially and individually designed mix of different domains that range from personal and familial, to social and professional. In being a key policy concept often focused on the young-old individuals, efforts in studying its dimensions in advanced ages have seldom been made. Nevertheless, there is a recognized need to promote adequate responses to the growing number of individuals reaching advanced ages and to recognize their specific dependability on health-related aspects, services attendance, social interactions, or on psychological characteristics for what it means to "age actively...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
V C Allen, T D Windsor
OBJECTIVES: This review examines differences in the use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies among younger and older adults. METHOD: A systematic review using search terms related to ageing and ER identified 23 relevant studies. Narrative synthesis was adopted to analyse the findings. RESULTS: Generally, greater use of situation selection and attentional deployment was identified among older adults, although these relationships were dependent on contextual/moderator variables...
November 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
X M Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Jinmyoung Cho, Eileen M Stock, I-Chia Liao, John E Zeber, Brian K Ahmedani, Rashmita Basu, Charlene C Quinn, Laurel A Copeland
To improve understanding of survival among very elderly male patients with surgically repaired hip fractures, this study applied classification techniques to multiple chronic conditions (MCC) then modeled survival by latent class. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s electronic medical records on male inpatients age 85-100 years (n=896) with hip fracture diagnosis and repair were used. MCC defined by Charlson and Elixhauser disorders, medications, demographic covariates, and 5 years follow-up survival were included...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yujing Zhao, Dana L Tudorascu, Oscar L Lopez, Ann D Cohen, Chester A Mathis, Howard J Aizenstein, Julie C Price, Lewis H Kuller, M Ilyas Kamboh, Steven T DeKosky, William E Klunk, Beth E Snitz
Importance: The prevalence of pathologic conditions of the brain associated with Alzheimer disease increases strongly with age. Little is known about the distribution and clinical significance of preclinical biomarker staging in the oldest old, when most individuals without dementia are likely to have positive biomarkers. Objective: To compare the patterns of long-term cognitive decline in multiple domains by preclinical biomarker status in the oldest old without dementia...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
Raya Elfadel Kheirbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
Mingfang Zhao, Hans Liu, Yanqing Tang, Xin Meng, Jun Yu, Qi Wang, Qiao Zhou, Sean X Leng, Haiyan Zhang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is common and can be considered as a disease of older adults. About one half of the cases were diagnosed in patients over 70 years of age. Decision-making about treatment for these older patients can be complicated by age-related physiological changes, impaired functional status, limited social support, and comorbidities. Many trials excluded patients using an upper limit of 75 years of age. Little is known about prognostic factors in patients who are over this age limit. In this study, we conducted an analysis in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database to identify specific clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors for these vulnerable cancer patients (N= 293,616)...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Purav Mody, Behnood Bikdeli, Yun Wang, Massimo Imazio, Harlan M Krumholz
Aim: The elderly are at risk of pericarditis from conditions such as malignancy, renal disease and after cardiac surgery. However, the burden of pericarditis and especially long-term outcomes associated with pericarditis have not been described before among the elderly. Methods and results: We examined hospitalization rates; in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year all-cause mortality rates; all-cause 30-day readmission rates; length of stay and healthcare expenditure for Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older with a principal discharge diagnosis of pericarditis from 1999 to 2012...
November 2, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
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