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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802698/in-hospital-costs-of-diabetic-foot-disease-treated-by-a-multidisciplinary-foot-team
#1
Willem D Rinkel, Jacky Luiten, Jelle van Dongen, Bram Kuppens, Johan W Van Neck, Suzanne Polinder, Manuel Castro Cabezas, J Henk Coert
BACKGROUND: The diabetic foot imposes significant burden on healthcare systems. Obtaining knowledge on the extent of the costs of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is of value to health care researchers investigating cost-effectiveness of interventions that prevent these costly complications. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the in-hospital costs associated with the treatment of DFUs by a multidisciplinary diabetic foot team. METHODS: Persons with DFUs presenting to our team in 2013 and 2014 were followed and use of care was estimated...
July 29, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802538/what-is-the-reliability-of-clinical-measurement-tests-for-humeral-head-position-a-systematic-review
#2
Christine Konieczka, Christine Gibson, Leeann Russett, Leah Dlot, Joy MacDermid, Lyn Watson, Jackie Sadi
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapists routinely assess the position of the humeral head (HH) in patients with shoulder pain. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To conduct a systematic review to determine the quality and content of studies that evaluated the reliability of clinical measurement methods for assessing the HH position. METHODS: Five databases and gray literature were searched for studies fitting the eligibility criteria...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800182/development-and-preliminary-pilot-evaluation-of-a-brief-tablet-computer-intervention-to-motivate-tobacco-quitline-use-among-smokers-in-substance-use-treatment
#3
Richard A Brown, Jacki Hecht, Erika L Bloom, Haruka Minami, Christopher W Kahler, Ana M Abrantes, Mary E Dubreuil, Alan Gordon, Lawrence H Price, Steven J Ondersma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The majority of individuals in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment also smoke cigarettes; yet, the availability of smoking cessation services in SUD treatment remains limited. In this study, we developed and piloted a brief intervention for smokers in SUD treatment intended to motivate engagement in tobacco quitline treatment (TIME-TQ). METHODS: First, we interviewed 19 smokers in SUD treatment to inform the development of TIME-TQ (Phase 1)...
August 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799114/neurogenic-stress-cardiomyopathy-precipitated-by-acute-hydrocephalus-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
Kamel Gharaibeh, Jackie Scott, Nicholas A Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797529/voice-specialized-speech-language-pathologist-s-criteria-for-discharge-from-voice-therapy
#5
Amanda I Gillespie, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: No standard protocol exists to determine when a patient is ready and able to be discharged from voice therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine what factors speech-language pathologists (SLPs) deem most important when discharging a patient from voice therapy. A second aim was to determine if responses differed based on years of voice experience. METHODS: Step 1: Seven voice-specialized SLPs generated a list of items thought to be relevant to voice therapy discharge...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796370/a-highly-sensitive-bimodal-detection-of-amine-vapours-based-on-aggregation-induced-emission-of-1-2-dihydroquinoxaline-derivatives
#6
Parvej Alam, Nelson Lik Ching Leung, Huifang Su, Zijie Qiu, Ryan T K Kwok, Jacky W Y Lam, Ben Zhong Tang
The detection of food spoilage is a major concern in food safety as large amounts of food are transported globally. Direct analysis of food samples is often time-consuming and requires expensive analytical instrumentation. A much simpler and more cost-effective method for monitoring food fermentation is to detect biogenic amines generated as a by-product during food decomposition. In this work, a series of 1,2-dihydroquinoxaline derivatives (DQs) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics were synthesized and their protonated forms, i...
August 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792880/analysis-of-plasma-epstein-barr-virus-dna-to-screen-for-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#7
K C Allen Chan, John K S Woo, Ann King, Benny C Y Zee, W K Jacky Lam, Stephen L Chan, Sam W I Chu, Constance Mak, Irene O L Tse, Samantha Y M Leung, Gloria Chan, Edwin P Hui, Brigette B Y Ma, Rossa W K Chiu, Sing-Fai Leung, Andrew C van Hasselt, Anthony T C Chan, Y M Dennis Lo
BACKGROUND: Circulating cell-free Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA is a biomarker for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We conducted a prospective study to investigate whether EBV DNA in plasma samples would be useful to screen for early nasopharyngeal carcinoma in asymptomatic persons. METHODS: We analyzed EBV DNA in plasma specimens to screen participants who did not have symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Participants with initially positive results were retested approximately 4 weeks later, and those with persistently positive EBV DNA in plasma underwent nasal endoscopic examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
August 10, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792825/the-world-of-wound-care
#8
Jackie Stephen-Haynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792354/death-anxiety-among-new-zealanders-the-predictive-roles-of-religion-spirituality-and-family-connection
#9
Rod MacLeod, Donna M Wilson, Jackie Crandall, Phil Austin
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate attitudes of New Zealanders toward death and dying. We administered an online version of Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale and Concerns about Dying Instrument subscales to a representative sample of the New Zealand population. One thousand one people responded to the survey, where the largest age-group lay between 30 and 39 years. Respondents with strong religious beliefs showed strongest agreement to being anxious about their own death compared to those who have no religious beliefs ( p = ...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791769/fluorescent-polymer-nanoparticles-for-cell-barcoding-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Bohdan Andreiuk, Andreas Reisch, Marion Lindecker, Gautier Follain, Nadine Peyriéras, Jacky G Goetz, Andrey S Klymchenko
Fluorescent polymer nanoparticles for long-term labeling and tracking of living cells with any desired color code are developed. They are built from biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymer loaded with cyanine dyes (DiO, DiI, and DiD) with the help of bulky fluorinated counterions, which minimize aggregation-caused quenching. At the single particle level, these particles are ≈20-fold brighter than quantum dots of similar color. Due to their identical 40 nm size and surface properties, these nanoparticles are endocytosed equally well by living cells...
August 9, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783757/improving-food-environments-and-tackling-obesity-a-realist-systematic-review-of-the-policy-success-of-regulatory-interventions-targeting-population-nutrition
#11
Jana Sisnowski, Jackie M Street, Tracy Merlin
BACKGROUND: This systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42015025276) employs a realist approach to investigate the effect of "real-world" policies targeting different aspects of the food environment that shape individual and collective nutrition. OBJECTIVES: We were interested in assessing intermediate outcomes along the assumed causal pathway to "policy success", in addition to the final outcome of changed consumption patterns. DATA SOURCES: We performed a search of 16 databases through October 2015, with no initial restriction by language...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777936/comparison-of-non-traditional-biomarkers-and-combinations-of-biomarkers-for-vascular-risk-prediction-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-edinburgh-type-2-diabetes-study
#12
Anna H Price, Christopher J Weir, Paul Welsh, Stela McLachlan, Mark W J Strachan, Naveed Sattar, Jackie F Price
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed at comparing the impact of multiple non-traditional biomarkers (ankle brachial pressure index (ABI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTnT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and four markers of systemic inflammation), both individually and in combination, on cardiovascular risk prediction, over and above traditional risk factors incorporated in the QRISK2 score, in older people with type 2 diabetes...
July 12, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769880/human-gut-microbiota-toward-an-ecology-of-disease
#13
REVIEW
Susannah Selber-Hnatiw, Belise Rukundo, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Hayfa Akoubi, Hend Al-Bizri, Adelekan F Aliu, Tanyi U Ambeaghen, Lilit Avetisyan, Irmak Bahar, Alexandra Baird, Fatema Begum, Hélène Ben Soussan, Virginie Blondeau-Éthier, Roxane Bordaries, Helene Bramwell, Alicia Briggs, Richard Bui, Matthew Carnevale, Marisa Chancharoen, Talia Chevassus, Jin H Choi, Karyne Coulombe, Florence Couvrette, Samantha D'Abreau, Meghan Davies, Marie-Pier Desbiens, Tamara Di Maulo, Sean-Anthony Di Paolo, Sabrina Do Ponte, Priscyla Dos Santos Ribeiro, Laure-Anne Dubuc-Kanary, Paola K Duncan, Frédérique Dupuis, Sara El-Nounou, Christina N Eyangos, Natasha K Ferguson, Nancy R Flores-Chinchilla, Tanya Fotakis, Mariam Gado Oumarou H D, Metodi Georgiev, Seyedehnazanin Ghiassy, Natalija Glibetic, Julien Grégoire Bouchard, Tazkia Hassan, Iman Huseen, Marlon-Francis Ibuna Quilatan, Tania Iozzo, Safina Islam, Dilan B Jaunky, Aniththa Jeyasegaram, Marc-André Johnston, Matthew R Kahler, Kiranpreet Kaler, Cedric Kamani, Hessam Karimian Rad, Elisavet Konidis, Filip Konieczny, Sandra Kurianowicz, Philippe Lamothe, Karina Legros, Sebastien Leroux, Jun Li, Monica E Lozano Rodriguez, Sean Luponio-Yoffe, Yara Maalouf, Jessica Mantha, Melissa McCormick, Pamela Mondragon, Thivaedee Narayana, Elizaveta Neretin, Thi T T Nguyen, Ian Niu, Romeo B Nkemazem, Martin O'Donovan, Matthew Oueis, Stevens Paquette, Nehal Patel, Emily Pecsi, Jackie Peters, Annie Pettorelli, Cassandra Poirier, Victoria R Pompa, Harshvardhan Rajen, Reginald-Olivier Ralph, Josué Rosales-Vasquez, Daria Rubinshtein, Surya Sakr, Mohammad S Sebai, Lisa Serravalle, Fily Sidibe, Ahnjana Sinnathurai, Dominique Soho, Adithi Sundarakrishnan, Veronika Svistkova, Tsolaye E Ugbeye, Megan S Vasconcelos, Michael Vincelli, Olga Voitovich, Pamela Vrabel, Lu Wang, Maryse Wasfi, Cong Y Zha, Chiara Gamberi
Composed of trillions of individual microbes, the human gut microbiota has adapted to the uniquely diverse environments found in the human intestine. Quickly responding to the variances in the ingested food, the microbiota interacts with the host via reciprocal biochemical signaling to coordinate the exchange of nutrients and proper immune function. Host and microbiota function as a unit which guards its balance against invasion by potential pathogens and which undergoes natural selection. Disturbance of the microbiota composition, or dysbiosis, is often associated with human disease, indicating that, while there seems to be no unique optimal composition of the gut microbiota, a balanced community is crucial for human health...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767093/investigating-the-spatial-dimension-of-food-access
#14
Jackie Yenerall, Wen You, Jennie Hill
The purpose of this article is to investigate the sensitivity of food access models to a dataset's spatial distribution and the empirical definition of food access, which contributes to understanding the mixed findings of previous studies. Data was collected in the Dan River Region in the United States using a telephone survey for individual-level variables (n = 784) and a store audit for the location of food retailers and grocery store quality. Spatial scanning statistics assessed the spatial distribution of obesity and detected a cluster of grocery stores overlapping with a cluster of obesity centered on a grocery store suggesting that living closer to a grocery store increased the likelihood of obesity...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764806/the-relationship-of-primary-care-providers-to-dental-practitioners-in-rural-and-remote-australia
#15
Tony Barnett, Ha Hoang, Jackie Stuart, Len Crocombe
BACKGROUND: Rural residents have poorer oral health and more limited access to dental services than their city counterparts. In rural communities, health care professionals often work in an extended capacity due to the needs of the community and health workforce shortages in these areas. Improved links and greater collaboration between resident rural primary care and dental practitioners could help improve oral health service provision such that interventions are both timely, effective and lead to appropriate follow-up and referral...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763793/virion-incorporation-of-integrin-%C3%AE-4%C3%AE-7-facilitates-hiv-1-infection-and-intestinal-homing
#16
Christina Guzzo, David Ichikawa, Chung Park, Damilola Phillips, Qingbo Liu, Peng Zhang, Alice Kwon, Huiyi Miao, Jacky Lu, Catherine Rehm, James Arthos, Claudia Cicala, Myron S Cohen, Anthony S Fauci, John H Kehrl, Paolo Lusso
The intestinal mucosa is a key anatomical site for HIV-1 replication and CD4(+) T cell depletion. Accordingly, in vivo treatment with an antibody to the gut-homing integrin α4β7 was shown to reduce viral transmission, delay disease progression, and induce persistent virus control in macaques challenged with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). We show that integrin α4β7 is efficiently incorporated into the envelope of HIV-1 virions. Incorporated α4β7 is functionally active as it binds mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1), promoting HIV-1 capture by and infection of MAdCAM-expressing cells, which in turn mediate trans-infection of bystander cells...
May 12, 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760795/workforce-characteristics-and-interventions-associated-with-high-quality-care-and-support-to-older-people-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
Jackie Bridges, Grace Lucas, Theresa Wiseman, Peter Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the evidence base on the effectiveness of workforce interventions for improving the outcomes for older people with cancer, as well as analysing key features of the workforce associated with those improvements. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched for primary research, published in English, reporting on older people and cancer and the outcomes of interventions to improve workforce knowledge, attitudes or skills; involving a change in workforce composition and/or skill mix; and/or requiring significant workforce reconfiguration or new roles...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756750/specialist-palliative-care-nursing-and-the-philosophy-of-palliative-care-a-critical-discussion
#18
Jackie Robinson, Merryn Gott, Clare Gardiner, Christine Ingleton
Nursing is the largest regulated health professional workforce providing palliative care across a range of clinical settings. Historically, palliative care nursing has been informed by a strong philosophy of care which is soundly articulated in palliative care policy, research and practice. Indeed, palliative care is now considered to be an integral component of nursing practice regardless of the specialty or clinical setting. However, there has been a change in the way palliative care is provided. Upstreaming and mainstreaming of palliative care and the dominance of a biomedical model with increasing medicalisation and specialisation are key factors in the evolution of contemporary palliative care and are likely to impact on nursing practice...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756691/intervention-for-children-with-word-finding-difficulties-a-parallel-group-randomised-control-trial
#19
Wendy Best, Lucy Mari Hughes, Jackie Masterson, Michael Thomas, Anna Fedor, Silvia Roncoli, Liory Fern-Pollak, Donna-Lynn Shepherd, David Howard, Kate Shobbrook, Anna Kapikian
PURPOSE: The study investigated the outcome of a word-web intervention for children diagnosed with word-finding difficulties (WFDs). METHOD: Twenty children age 6-8 years with WFDs confirmed by a discrepancy between comprehension and production on the Test of Word Finding-2, were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 11) and waiting control (n = 9) groups. The intervention group had six sessions of intervention which used word-webs and targeted children's meta-cognitive awareness and word-retrieval...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756295/actin-alpha-cardiac-muscle-1-gene-expression-is-upregulated-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-men-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#20
Ada S Cheung, Casey de Rooy, Itamar Levinger, Kesha Rana, Michele V Clarke, Jackie M How, Andrew Garnham, Catriona McLean, Jeffrey D Zajac, Rachel A Davey, Mathis Grossmann
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) decreases muscle mass and function but no human studies have investigated the underlying genetic or cellular effects. We tested the hypothesis that ADT will lead to changes in skeletal muscle gene expression, which may explain the adverse muscle phenotype seen clinically. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 9 men with localised prostate cancer who underwent a vastus lateralis biopsy before and after 4 weeks of ADT. Next-generation RNA sequencing was performed and genes differentially expressed following ADT underwent gene ontology mining using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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