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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923630/use-of-nonvascularized-abdominal-rectus-fascia-after-liver-small-bowel-and-multiorgan-transplantation-long-term-follow-up-of-a-single-center-series
#1
P A Farinelli, J S Rubio, J M Padín, C Rumbo, H Solar, D Ramisch, G E Gondolesi
BACKGROUND: The abdominal wall may be severely compromised in the vast majority of intestinal and multiorgan transplant candidates, and sometimes as a consequence of complex liver transplantation. Multiple options have been described to overcome this problem, varying from component separation to the extreme need of performing an abdominal wall transplantation. The aim of the present paper is to report the largest and longest-term results of patients that received an abdominal rectus fascia (ARF) after liver, intestinal, or multiorgan transplantation at a single transplant center...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915696/top2a-ggh-and-pecam1-are-associated-with-hematogenous-lymph-node-and-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer-patients-enrolled-in-the-acts-gc-study
#2
Masanori Terashima, Wataru Ichikawa, Atsushi Ochiai, Koji Kitada, Issei Kurahashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hitoshi Katai, Takeshi Sano, Hiroshi Imamura, Mitsuru Sasako
BACKGROUND: To identify factors related to relapse sites, we carried out an exploratory biomarker analysis of data from the Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Gastric Cancer study, which is a randomized, controlled trial comparing postoperative adjuvant S-1 therapy with surgery alone in 1,059 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical specimens from 829 patients were retrospectively examined, and 63 genes involved in a variety of biological processes were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915211/minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-dissected-deep-inferior-epigastric-artery-perforator-flap-mild-diep-an-anatomic-feasibility-study-and-a-first-clinical-case
#3
Mikael Hivelin, Antoine Soprani, Nathaniel Schaffer, Stéphane Hans, Laurent Lantieri
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is a workhorse of breast reconstruction. Risks of herniation derive from violation of the rectus abdominis muscle anterior rectus sheath (ARS) and might be reduced by Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Dissection (MILD) of the deep inferior epigastric vessels. We performed a feasibility study on five anatomical subjects and performed a secondary right breast reconstruction on a 67 year-old woman. A 30° laparoscope was used with laparoscopy ports inset to preserve the flap...
September 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914842/-chronic-duodenal-obstruction-due-to-high-fixation-of-duodenojejunal-transition-and-adhesive-peritoneal-disease
#4
M D Dibirov, O Kh Khalidov, R U Gadzhimuradov, A N Gudkov, V S Fomin, A B Dzhadzhiev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903762/mesh-penetrating-the-cecum-and-bladder-following-inguinal-hernia-surgery-a-case-report
#5
Hiroshi Asano, Saori Yajima, Yoshie Hosoi, Makoto Takagi, Hiroyuki Fukano, Yasuhiro Ohara, Nozomi Shinozuka, Takaya Ichimura
BACKGROUND: Tension-free repair using mesh is a common inguinal hernia surgical procedure. However, various complications such as mesh-related infection and recurrence may develop as a result. Moreover, although rare, there are also reports of intestinal obstruction caused by adhesion of the mesh to the intestinal wall and cases of mesh migration into various organs. Here, we report our experience with a patient in whom mesh extraction was performed due to migration of mesh into the intestinal tract following inguinal hernia surgery and formation of a fistula with the bladder...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901533/characteristics-of-different-mesh-types-for-abdominal-wall-repair-in-an-experimental-model-of-peritonitis
#6
R Kaufmann, A P Jairam, I M Mulder, Z Wu, J Verhelst, S Vennix, L J X Giesen, M C Clahsen-van Groningen, J Jeekel, J F Lange
BACKGROUND: The use of synthetic mesh to repair a potentially contaminated incisional hernia may lead to higher failure rates. A biological mesh might be considered, but little is known about long-term results. Both biological and synthetic meshes were investigated in an experimental model of peritonitis to assess their characteristics in vivo. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomized into five groups and peritonitis was induced. A mesh was implanted after 24 h...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894520/cocoon-peritonitis-secondary-to-perforated-appendicitis
#7
Pezhman Alavinejad, Elena Lak, Masoumeh Khedri
A young man was admitted due to gastrointestinal obstruction and was diagnosed as having cocoon peritonitis secondary to perforated appendicitis. He suffered from small intestine partial obstruction because of multiple adhesion bands whose obstructive symptoms completely resolved after single balloon enteroscopy. So balloon enteroscopy could be offered as a therapeutic option for partial small intestine obstruction.
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880048/histopathological-changes-associated-to-an-absorbable-fibrin-patch-tachosil%C3%A2-covering-in-an-experimental-model-of-high-risk-colonic-anastomoses
#8
C García-Vásquez, S Gómez García de Las Heras, C Pastor Idoate, D De Pablo, M J Fernández-Aceñero
BACKGROUND: TachoSil® is a fibrin sponge that contains fibrinogen and thrombin and is a useful adjuvant to enhance control of air leaks in thoracic surgery and to control bleeding in vascular and general surgery. Its use in intestinal surgery to prevent suture dehiscence is currently under investigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report the results of a prospective randomized experimental study on 33 large white pigs in which a high-risk suture was created by induction of ischemia...
September 7, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874886/in-search-for-optimal-targets-for-intraoperative-fluorescence-imaging-of-peritoneal-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer
#9
Charlotte Es Hoogstins, Benjamin Weixler, Leonora Sf Boogerd, Diederik J Hoppener, Hendrica Ajm Prevoo, Cornelis Fm Sier, Jacobus Wa Burger, Cornelis Verhoef, Shadvhi Bhairosingh, Arantza Farina Sarasqueta, Jacobus Burggraaf, Alexander L Vahrmeijer
Peritoneal metastasis (PM) occurs in about 10% of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Fluorescence imaging can enhance contrast between cancerous and benign tissue, enabling the surgeon to clearly visualize PM during cytoreductive surgery. This study assessed the suitability of different biomarkers as potential targets for tumor-targeted imaging of PM of CRC. Tissue samples from primary tumor and PM from patients with CRC were obtained from the pathology archives and immunohistochemical stainings were performed...
2017: Biomarkers in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871618/abdominal-emergencies-after-liver-transplantation-presentation-and-surgical-management
#10
Manuela Cesaretti, Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian
With an increasing number of Liver Transplantation (LT) and an enhanced overall survival, LT recipients are more likely to be admitted in emergency departments of general hospitals. Yet, in LT recipients, common but also benign symptoms may reveal a LT-related (or not), severe condition. In order to improve management of LT recipients by emergency physicians and general surgeons and potentially improve long-term outcomes, a clinical review was performed. Overall, CT-scan and blood tests should be systematically performed...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855642/peripheral-serotonin-regulates-postoperative-intra-abdominal-adhesion-formation-in-mice
#11
Jianbin Bi, Simin Zhang, Zhaoqing Du, Jia Zhang, Yan Deng, Chang Liu, Jingyao Zhang
The aim of the present study is to investigate the role and potential mechanisms of peripheral serotonin in postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation in mice. The caecum-rubbing operations were conducted for intra-abdominal adhesion formation modelling in wild-type and Tph1-/- mice. The deficiency of serotonin significantly decreased the adhesion scores, weight loss, and adhesion thickness as well as levels of collagen fibres and hydroxyproline in the adhesive tissues. The Tph1-/- mice exhibited a milder inflammatory response and oxidative stress in the adhesive tissues than did the wild-type mice...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841682/downregulation-of-endometrial-mesenchymal-marker-susd2-causes-cell-senescence-and-cell-death-in-endometrial-carcinoma-cells
#12
Shaqiu Zhang, Ni Zeng, Nour Alowayed, Yogesh Singh, Anchun Cheng, Florian Lang, Madhuri S Salker
The cause of death among the majority of endometrial cancer patients involves migration of cancer cells within the peritoneal cavity and subsequent implantation of cancer spheroids into neighbouring organs. It is, thereby, important to identify factors that mediate metastasis. Cell adhesion and migration are modified by the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) marker Sushi domain containing 2 (SUSD2), a type I transmembrane protein that participates in the orchestration of cell adhesion and migration through interaction with its partner Galactosidase-binding soluble-1 (LGALS1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840085/-pure-suprasellar-schwannoma-presented-with-communicating-hydrocephalus-a-case-report
#13
Tomoya Oishi, Seiya Takehara, Yasuhiro Yamamura, Mamoru Tomida, Shinji Ito, Ken Kuriki, Hiroki Namba
Schwannoma is a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor originating from Schwann cells. Most intracranial schwannomas arise from vestibular nerve and schwannoma in the suprasellar region is extremely rare. A 64-year-old man presented with walking disturbance and blurred vision for three months. Lateral hemianopsia in the left eye and brachybasia were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a suprasellar tumor with strong contrast enhancement associated with communicating hydrocephalus. The cerebrospinal fluid tap test improved gait disturbance...
July 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831292/effect-of-emodin-on-preventing-postoperative-intra-abdominal-adhesion-formation
#14
Guangbing Wei, Yunhua Wu, Qi Gao, Cancan Zhou, Kai Wang, Cong Shen, Guanghui Wang, Kang Wang, Xuejun Sun, Xuqi Li
BACKGROUND: Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions are a major complication after abdominal surgery. Although various methods have been used to prevent and treat adhesions, the effects have not been satisfactory. Emodin, a naturally occurring anthraquinone derivative and an active ingredient in traditional Chinese herbs, exhibits a variety of pharmacological effects. In our study, we demonstrated the effect of emodin treatment on preventing postoperative adhesion formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 rats were divided into six groups...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831180/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-emplacement-by-advanced-laparoscopy-8-year-experience-from-a-medical-center-of-china
#15
Min Mo, Yongle Ju, Haitang Hu, Wei Zhang, Jianyi Pan, Qingkun Zheng, Jinzhong Chen, Lijuan Su, Xianrui Dou
Laparoscopic experience and relevant reports about PD catheter emplacement in Chinese patients are seldom. In this study, we described our experience with advanced laparoscopy for PD catheter implantation in Chinese patients. There were one hundred and thirty Chinese patients accepted advanced laparoscopic approach for PD catheter emplacement in this study. Six of 26 patients with prior abdominal operations had abdominal adhesion, while six of 104 patients without prior abdominal surgeries showed abdominal adhesion...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827633/host-adaptation-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-alters-metabolism-and-virulence-a-global-proteome-analysis
#16
Vanitha Mariappan, Kumutha Malar Vellasamy, Jamuna Vadivelu
Little is known about the evolution, adaptation and pathogenesis of Burkholderia pseudomallei within host during acute melioidosis infection. Melioidosis is a potential life threatening disease contracted through inhalation, ingestion, inoculation or direct entry of the organism into the blood stream via wounds or skin abrasions from contaminated soil and water. Environmental B. pseudomallei strain (Bp MARAN ), isolated during a melioidosis outbreak in Pahang, Malaysia was injected intra-peritoneally into a mouse and passaged strain was recovered from spleen (Bpmouse-adapted)...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822352/vibrio-vulnificus-martx-cytotoxin-causes-inactivation-of-phagocytosis-related-signaling-molecules-in-macrophages
#17
Chun-Liang Chen, Shu-Chun Chien, Tzeng-Horng Leu, Hans I-Chen Harn, Ming-Jer Tang, Lien-I Hor
BACKGROUND: Vibrio vulnificus is a marine bacterial species that causes opportunistic infections manifested by serious skin lesions and fulminant septicemia in humans. We have previously shown that the multifunctional autoprocessing repeats in toxin (MARTXVv1) of a biotype 1 V. vulnificus strain promotes survival of this organism in the host by preventing it from engulfment by the phagocytes. The purpose of this study was to further explore how MARTXVv1 inhibits phagocytosis of this microorganism by the macrophage...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820419/-the-state-of-fallopian-tubes-in-women-with-urogenital-chlamydia-and-infertility
#18
K Arustamyan, E Totoyan, A Karapetyan, A Gasparyan
The aim of this work was to assess the state of the fallopian tubes in women with urogenital chlamydia (UC) and infertility. 344 women 18-49 y.o with infertility have been investigated. UC was detected in 133 of them -38.7%, (main group), UC was absent in 211 (61.3%) patients (comparision group). In the main group prevailed the tubal or tubal peritoneal factor of infertility (51.9% versus 19.4% in the comparison group, p<0.001). UC in women in the main (62.4%) was in the form of mixed infection. Obstruction of the fallopian tubes and adhesions in the pelvic region were more often detected in patients of the main group (p<0...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814930/comparing-lavage-of-the-peritoneal-cavity-with-lidocaine-bupivacaine-and-normal-saline-to-reduce-the-formation-of-abdominal-adhesion-bands-in-rats
#19
Hossein Parsa, Hengameh Saravani, Fatemeh Sameei-Rad, Marjan Nasiri, Zahra Farahaninik, Amirhossein Rahmani
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal adhesions are fibrous bands that develop after abdominal surgery or inflammation and cause mortality and morbidity following surgeries. This study aimed to assess the effects of bupivacaine, saline and two doses of lidocaine, after peritoneal lavage and to compare their effects in reducing abdominal adhesions in rat. METHODS: In a blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 50 female rats were anaesthetised and the parietal peritoneum was scratched to induce punctate bleeding...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805599/nationwide-trends-and-in-hospital-complications-of-trachelectomy-for-surgically-resectable-cervical-cancer-in-taiwanese-women-a%C3%A2-population-based-study-1998-2013
#20
Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Hung-Hui Chen, Kuei-Hui Chu, Chia-Sui Weng, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Yu-Ju Chien, Kung-Liahng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nationwide trends in the utilization of trachelectomy among Taiwanese women with surgically resectable cervical cancer over the past decade, and to compare associated demographic characteristics, in-hospital complications and related outcomes using a population-based dataset from 1998 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based, cohort study using inpatient admission claims data of Taiwan's National Health Insurance program...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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