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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213931/successful-resumption-of-peritoneal-dialysis-following-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Akinari Fukuda, Mai Sato, Shingo Ishimori, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Takanobu Shigeta, Vidyadhar Padmakar Mali, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kenji Ishikura, Mureo Kasahara
Children with ESRD in need of RRT are commonly managed by PD due to difficulty with vascular access for HD and the relatively large extracorporeal blood volume required. Major abdominal surgery may result in injury to the peritoneum and consequent adhesion, thereby resulting in a reduction in the anatomical capacity and transport capability across the peritoneal membrane. Here, we report successful resumption of PD after LDLT in two pediatric patients. The causes of ESRD were PH1 and juvenile nephronophthisis, respectively...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212637/a-pectin-honey-hydrogel-prevents-postoperative-intraperitoneal-adhesions-in-a-rat-model
#2
Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Andrea Audisio, Emanuela Morello, Rosangela Odore, Marco Gandini
BACKGROUND: Adhesions are a common postoperative surgical complication. Liquid honey has been used intraperitoneally to reduce the incidence of these adhesions. However, solid barriers are considered more effective than liquids in decreasing postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation; therefore, a new pectin-honey hydrogel (PHH) was produced and its effectiveness was evaluated in a rat cecal abrasion model. Standardized cecal/peritoneal abrasion was performed through laparotomy in 48 adult Sprague-Dawley rats to induce peritoneal adhesion formation...
February 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207849/inhibition-of-peritoneal-dissemination-of-colon-cancer-by-hyperthermic-co2-insufflation-a-novel-approach-to-prevent-intraperitoneal-tumor-spread
#3
Yuanfei Peng, Hua Yang, Qing Ye, Houming Zhou, Minhua Zheng, Yinghong Shi
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastrointestinal cancer raises concerns about intra-peritoneal tumor spread. Prevention of peritoneal dissemination is extremely important but a preventive modality is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine a novel approach (hyperthermic CO2 insufflation, HT-CO2) for preventing peritoneal dissemination during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A peritoneal dissemination model was established in Balb/c nu/nu mice by intraperitoneal injection of human colon cancer cells (SW1116, 1×106)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201944/the-association-between-soluble-intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-levels-in-drained-dialysate-and-peritoneal-injury-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#4
Yusuke Igarashi, Yoshiyuki Morishita, Hiromichi Yoshizawa, Reika Imai, Toshimi Imai, Ichiro Hirahara, Tetsu Akimoto, Susumu Ookawara, Kenichi Ishibashi, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation of the peritoneum causes peritoneal injury in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and its circulating form, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, play pivotal roles in inflammation. However, their role in peritoneal injury is unclear. METHODS: We measured changes in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in the peritoneum of a peritoneal injury model in rats. The associations between soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels in drained dialysate and the solute transport rate (D/P-Cr and D/D0-glucose) determined by the peritoneal equilibration test, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 levels in drained dialysate were investigated in 94 peritoneal drained dialysate samples...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196659/sutures-impregnated-with-carbazate-activated-polyvinyl-alcohol-reduce-intraperitoneal-adhesions
#5
F Fredriksson, F Sellberg, T Bowden, T Engstrand, D Berglund, H E Lilja
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal adhesions cause significant morbidity. They occur after peritoneal trauma, which induces oxidative stress with production of inflammatory cytokines, peroxidized proteins (carbonyls) and lipids (aldehydes). This study aimed to investigate if carbazate-activated polyvinyl alcohol (PVAC), an aldehyde-carbonyl inhibitor, can reduce intraperitoneal adhesions in an experimental model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=110) underwent laparotomy, cecal abrasion and construction of a small bowel anastomosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187094/extraperitoneal-radical-trachelectomy-with-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-a-novel-fertility-preserving-option-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-patients
#6
Seiji Mabuchi, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy combined with pelvic lymphadenectomy has been used to treat early stage cervical cancer patients who wish to preserve their fertility. Although vaginal, abdominal, laparoscopic, and robotic approaches have been used during this procedure, all of these approaches cause peritoneal damage, which could result in periadnexal adhesion. The aim of the present study was to introduce and discuss a novel fertility-preserving option, extraperitoneal radical trachelectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185616/tuberculous-peritonitis
#7
Urvashi Vaid, Gregory C Kane
Tuberculous peritonitis is rare in the United States but continues to be reported to occur in certain high-risk populations, which include patients with AIDS or cirrhosis, patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, recent immigrants from areas of high endemicity, and those who are immunosuppressed. The diagnosis of this disease requires a high clinical index of suspicion and should be considered in the differential of ascites with a lymphocyte predominance and serum-ascitic albumin gradient of <1...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181039/irf3-inhibits-neutrophil-recruitment-in-mice-infected-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
Zhenghao Piao, Haiying Yuan, Cuili Wang, Liyun Shi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in the immune response to viral infection via the IRF3/IFN-β signaling pathway. Controversial data exist regarding the role of IRF3 in immune cell recruitment during bacterial infections. IRF3 has been shown to promote neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance in mice infected with P. aeruginosa by inducing the production of specific chemokines and cytokines...
February 8, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176395/imaging-diagnosis-computed-tomography-findings-in-a-dog-with-spontaneous-transmural-migration-of-a-textiloma-into-the-cecum
#9
Agustina Anson, Juana D Carrillo, Alejandro Bayon, Maria Teresa Escobar, Juan Seva, Amalia Agut
A 3-year-old spayed female dog was presented with 3-month history of severe bilateral uveitis subsequent to previous ovariohysterectomy. Physical examination revealed moderate abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed a nonobstructive heterogeneous mass-like lesion with a speckled gas pattern (spongiform pattern) within the cecum. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a surgical swab in the lumen of the cecum with severe adhesions. Histopathological examination demonstrated a chronic inflammatory pyogranulomatous reaction to the retained swab embedded within the intestinal wall, consistent with transmural migration of the swab from the peritoneal cavity into the cecum...
February 7, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153520/impact-of-a-procalcitonin-based-algorithm-on-the-management-of-adhesion-related-small-bowel-obstruction
#10
C Cossé, C Sabbagh, V Carroni, A Galmiche, L Rebibo, J-M Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: Adhesion-related small bowel obstruction (ASBO) management is difficult if there are no signs of strangulation or peritonitis when intestinal transit has not been restored. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of combining a procalcitonin (PCT)-based algorithm with clinical signs on the management of uncomplicated ASBO. METHOD: We performed a pilot, retrospective, single-center "before-after" study. During the "before" period (2007 to 2012), patients with uncomplicated ASBO (n=93, the Gastrografin(®) group) underwent a clinical examination and a Gastrografin(®) index...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144266/clinical-importance-of-duodenal-recesses-with-special-reference-to-internal-hernias
#11
Shivpal V Tambe, Kum Kum Rana, Arun Kakar, Satish Aggarwal, Anil Aggrawal, Smita Kakar, Nitinkumar Borkar
INTRODUCTION: The detailed knowledge of the peritoneal recesses has great significance with respect to internal hernias. The recesses are usually related to rotation and adhesion of abdominal viscera to the posterior abdominal wall and/or the presence of retroperitoneal vessels which raises the serosal fold. The duodenal recesses are usually related to the 3(rd) and 4(th) parts of the duodenum. Internal hernias with respect to these recesses are difficult to diagnose clinically and usually noticed at the time of laparotomy...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143661/novel-therapy-for-pancreatic-fistula-using-adipose-derived-stem-cell-sheets-treated-with-mannose
#12
Hirokazu Kaneko, Toshio Kokuryo, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Junpei Yamaguchi, Tokunori Yamamoto, Rei Shibata, Momokazu Gotoh, Toyoaki Murohara, Akira Ito, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Given that no studies have reported the use of adipose-derived stem cell sheets for the prevention of pancreatic fistulas, it is unclear whether adipose-derived stem cell sheets are effective at preventing this complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of novel therapy for the prevention of pancreatic fistulas using adipose-derived stem cell sheets treated with mannose. METHODS: The rat pancreatic duct (splenic duct) and surrounding pancreatic parenchyma were transected to induce a pancreatic fistula...
January 28, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134702/single-port-robotic-assisted-sacrocolpopexy-our-experience-with-the-first-25-cases
#13
Emad Matanes, Roy Lauterbach, Susana Mustafa-Mikhail, Amnon Amit, Zeev Wiener, Lior Lowenstein
OBJECTIVES: In single-port surgery, the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point, typically the patient's navel, leaving only a single small scar. The aims of this study were to share some tips and tricks of single-port robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy and to evaluate the learning curve of mastering the skills to operate this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the first 25 single-port; robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy surgeries performed during July to December 2015 at Rambam Health Care Campus by a single surgeon...
January 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133266/-a-case-of-recurrent-ovarian-fibrosarcoma-resected-by-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#14
Takuya Mizumoto, Hirochika Toyama, Sadaki Asari, Tadahiro Goto, Sachio Terai, Sachiyo Shirakawa, Yoshihide Nanno, Tetsuo Ajiki, Masahiro Kido, Taku Matsumoto, Motofumi Tanaka, Tetsu Nakamura, Takumi Fukumoto, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yonson Ku
A 66-year-old woman presented to the Department of Gynecology in our institution in 2005 with peritoneal recurrence of ovarian fibrosarcoma. Originally, combined modality therapy including repeated surgical resection and somatic chemotherapy was performed. A peritoneal recurrence was found near the pancreatic head. She was referred to our department in October 2015, and underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. The tumor was severely adhesive to the portal vein and combined portal venous resection was performed. Histological examination of tumor specimens revealed tumor invasion to the adjacent pancreatic parenchyma and portal vein...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133139/-a-case-of-solitary-metastasis-to-the-small-intestine-from-sigmoid-colon-cancer-after-treatment-of-seven-multiple-cancers
#15
Keiichi Nasu, Tsuyoshi Maeshiro, Keiko Yanai, Hanako Fujita, Masaki Machida, Takafumi Moriyama, Takayoshi Koseki, Hiroki Kudo, Kentaro Inada, Yukiko Takahama, Yasuji Seyama, Ikuo Wada, Sachio Miyamoto, Nobutaka Umekita, Toru Tanizawa
A 75-year-old woman who had undergone a Hartmann's operation for sigmoid colon cancer 2 years ago was hospitalized because she experienced small bowel obstruction several times. She had a treatment history of 6 other cancers, including 5 gastrointestinal tract cancers. However, the obstruction was relieved by conservative therapy each time. In September 2015, she was hospitalized for ileus. Abdominal computed tomography revealed that the lumen of intestine was partially dilated. Subsequently, a long tube was inserted, but the dilatation of the small intestine was not fully recovered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130856/influence-of-carrageenan-on-cytokine-production-and-cellular-activity-of-mouse-peritoneal-macrophages-and-its-effect-on-experimental-endotoxemia
#16
A A Kalitnik, Yu A Karetin, A O Kravchenko, E I Khasina, I M Yermak
The in vivo effect of κ/β-carrageenan isolated from the red alga Tichocarpus crinitus on cytokine synthesis and cellular activity of murine peritoneal macrophages and also the protective effect of polysaccharides in LPS-induced endotoxemia in mice was studied. It was established that κ/β-carrageenan given orally at a dose of 100 mg/kg stimulates the induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10) in mouse blood cells by more than 2.5-fold compared with control, with no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α) production...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129467/a-novel-pegylated-ifn-%C3%AE-as-strong-suppressor-of-the-malignant-ascites-in-a-peritoneal-metastasis-model-of-human-cancer
#17
Tomokatsu Iwamura, Hideki Narumi, Tomohiko Suzuki, Hideyuki Yanai, Katsuyuki Mori, Koji Yamashita, Yoshiaki Tsushima, Tomomi Asano, Akiko Izawa, Shinobu Momen, Kazumi Nishimura, Hiromi Tsuchiyama, Masashi Uchida, Yuji Yamashita, Kiyoshi Okano, Tadatsugu Taniguchi
Malignant ascites manifests as an end-stage event during the progression of a number of cancers and lacks a generally accepted standard therapy. Interferon-β (IFN-β) has been used to treat several cancer indications; however, little is known about the efficacy of IFN-β on malignant ascites. In the present study, we report on the development of a novel, engineered form of human and murine IFN-β, each conjugated with a polyethylene glycol molecule (PEG-hIFN-β and PEG-mIFN-β, respectively). We provide evidence that these IFN-β molecules retain anti-viral potency comparable to unmodified IFN-β in vitro and manifested improved pharmacokinetics in vivo...
January 27, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120482/abnormal-peritoneal-regulation-of-chemokine-activation-the-role-of-il-8-in-pathogenesis-of-endometriosis
#18
Justyna Sikora, Marta Smycz-Kubańska, Aleksandra Mielczarek-Palacz, Zdzisława Kondera-Anasz
PROBLEM: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with an impairment in immune response. Disorders in the peritoneal fluid and ectopic endometrium macrophage populations and their secretory products create a specific microenvironment inducing the development of the disease. The important factors involved in inflammation associated with endometriosis are chemokines, especially interleukin (IL)-8. For this reason, the current study briefly reviews the role of IL-8 in the pathogenesis of endometriosis...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112221/mincle-activation-enhances-neutrophil-migration-and-resistance-to-polymicrobial-septic-peritonitis
#19
Wook-Bin Lee, Ji-Jing Yan, Ji-Seon Kang, Quanri Zhang, Won Young Choi, Lark Kyun Kim, Young-Joon Kim
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response to bacterial infection. The therapeutic options for treating sepsis are limited. Impaired neutrophil recruitment into the infection site is directly associated with severe sepsis, but the precise mechanism is unclear. Here, we show that Mincle plays a key role in neutrophil migration and resistance during polymicrobial sepsis. Mincle-deficient mice exhibited lower survival rates in experimental sepsis from cecal ligation and puncture and Escherichia coli-induced peritonitis...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100944/ostomy-in-nontraumatic-conditions-our-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
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