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Integrated Pest Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321974/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-reveals-trends-and-gaps-in-integrated-pest-management-studies-conducted-in-the-usa
#1
Stephen L Young
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a broad-based approach for addressing pests that negatively affect human and environmental health and economic profitability. Weeds, insects, and disease-causing pathogens (diseases) are the pests most often associated with IPM. A systematic review, widely used in other scientific disciplines, was employed to determine the most commonly studied IPM topics and summarize the reasons for these trends and the gaps. In a field synopsis of the literature, 1,679 relevant published papers were identified and categorized into one of the following five broad areas: IPM and organic (organic), climate change and pests (climate), rural and urban IPM (rural and urban), next generation education (education), and advanced production systems (technology)...
March 20, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316286/brassica-aphid-hemiptera-aphididae-populations-are-conditioned-by-climatic-variables-and-parasitism-level-a-study-case-of-tri%C3%A3-ngulo-mineiro-brazil
#2
M V Sampaio, A P Korndörfer, J Pujade-Villar, J E A Hubaide, S E Ferreira, S O Arantes, D M Bortoletto, C M Guimarães, J A Sánchez-Espigares, B Caballero-López
Cosmopolitan pests such as Brevicoryne brassicae, Lipaphis pseudobrassicae, and Myzus persicae (Aphididae) cause significant damage to Brassicaceae crops. Assessment of the important biotic and abiotic factors that regulate these pests is an essential step in the development of effective Integrated Pest Management programs for these aphids. This study evaluated the influence of leaf position, precipitation, temperature, and parasitism on populations of L. pseudobrassicae, M. persicae, and B. brassicae in collard greens fields in the Triângulo Mineiro region (Minas Gerais state), Brazil...
March 20, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306730/evaluation-of-radiation-sensitivity-and-mating-performance-of-glossina-brevipalpis-males
#3
Chantel J de Beer, Percy Moyaba, Solomon N B Boikanyo, Daphney Majatladi, Hanano Yamada, Gert J Venter, Marc J B Vreysen
BACKGROUND: Area-wide integrated pest management strategies that include a sterile insect technique component have been successfully used to eradicate tsetse fly populations in the past. To ensure the success of the sterile insect technique, the released males must be adequately sterile and be able to compete with their native counterparts in the wild. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the present study the radiation sensitivity of colonised Glossina brevipalpis Newstead (Diptera; Glossinidae) males, treated either as adults or pupae, was assessed...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303179/spring-phenology-of-cotton-bollworm-affects-wheat-yield
#4
Jian Huang, Jing Li
Climate change has changed numerous species phenologies. Understanding the asynchronous responses between pest insects and host plants to climate change is helpful in improving integrated pest management. It is necessary to use long-term data to analyze the effects of climate change on cotton bollworm and wheat anthesis. Data for cotton bollworm, wheat yield, and wheat anthesis collected since 1990 were analyzed using linear regression and partial least-squares regression, as well as the Mann-Kendall test. The results showed that warmer temperatures in the spring advanced the phenologies of cotton bollworm and wheat anthesis, but the phenology changes in overwintering cotton bollworm were faster than those in wheat anthesis, and the eclosion period of overwintering was prolonged, resulting in an increase in overwintering adult abundance...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296187/lethal-and-sublethal-effects-of-pesticides-in-the-management-of-polyphagotarsonemus-latus-banks-acari-tarsonemidae-on-capsicum-annuum-l
#5
Mariana O Breda, José V Oliveira, Alberto B Esteves Filho, Douglas R S Barbosa, Andrezo A Santos
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of lethal and sublethal effects are of great importance for a complete assessment of the total impact of chemical compounds upon pest populations and the development of management strategies. At this study, the lethal and sublethal effects of different synthetic and botanical products were evaluated upon the broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks), a major pest of Capsicum annuum L and other crops. RESULTS: Abamectin presented the highest lethal effect to P...
March 15, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292241/microbial-pest-control-agents-are-they-a-specific-and-safe-tool-for-insect-pest-management
#6
Caroline Deshayes, Myriam Siegwart, David Pauron, Josy-Anne Froger, Bruno Lapied, Véronique Apaire-Marchais
Microorganisms (viruses, bacteria and fungi) or their bioactive agents can be used as active substances and therefore are referred as Microbial Pest Control Agents (MPCA). They are used as alternative strategies to chemical insecticides to counteract the development of resistances and to reduce adverse effects on both environment and human health. These natural entomopathogenic agents, which have specific modes of action, are generally considered safer as compared to conventional chemical insecticides. Baculoviruses are the only viruses being used as the safest biological control agents...
March 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290260/feeding-performance-and-life-table-parameters-of-khapra-beetle-trogoderma-granarium-everts-coleoptera-dermestidae-on-various-barley-cultivars
#7
A Golizadeh, Z Abedi
The Khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera: Dermestidae), is a common pest of cereal grains and other stored products. In this study, the effects of ten barley cultivars (Abidar, Bahman, Line20, Line22, Line30, Lisuei, Lokht11, Makuyi, Sahand, and Sahraa) were evaluated on life table parameters and nutritional indices of T. granarium under the following laboratory conditions: 33 ± 1°C, 60 ± 5% RH, and a photoperiod of 14: 10 (L: D) h. Life history parameters of T. granarium could be appropriate indices in resistance and susceptibility evaluation of barley cultivars...
March 14, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264080/effect-of-an-integrated-pest-management-intervention-on-asthma-symptoms-among-mouse-sensitized-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Elizabeth C Matsui, Matthew Perzanowski, Roger D Peng, Robert A Wise, Susan Balcer-Whaley, Michelle Newman, Amparito Cunningham, Adnan Divjan, Mary E Bollinger, Shuyan Zhai, Ginger Chew, Rachel L Miller, Wanda Phipatanakul
Importance: Professionally delivered integrated pest management (IPM) interventions can reduce home mouse allergen concentrations, but whether they reduce asthma morbidity among mouse-sensitized and exposed children and adolescents is unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of an IPM intervention on asthma morbidity among mouse-sensitized and exposed children and adolescents with asthma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, and Boston, Massachusetts...
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239355/modification-of-flight-and-locomotion-performances-respiratory-metabolism-and-transcriptome-expression-in-the-lady-beetle-harmonia-axyridis-through-sublethal-pesticide-exposure
#9
Da Xiao, Xiaoling Tan, Wenjuan Wang, Fan Zhang, Nicolas Desneux, Su Wang
Biological control is usually used in combination with chemical control for practical agricultural applications. Thus, the influence of insecticides on the natural predators used for biological control should be investigated for integrated pest management. The ladybird Harmonia axyridis is an effective predator on aphids and coccids. Beta-cypermethrin is a broad-spectrum insecticide used worldwide for controlling insect pests. H. axyridis is becoming increasingly threatened by this insecticide. Here, we investigated the effect of a sublethal dose of beta-cypermethrin on flight, locomotion, respiration, and detoxification system of H...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229333/production-of-conidia-by-entomopathogenic-fungi-from-inoculants-to-final-quality-tests
#10
REVIEW
Facundo Muñiz-Paredes, Francisco Miranda-Hernández, Octavio Loera
Demand for biopesticides is growing due to the increase of areas under integrated pest management worldwide. Conidia from entomopathogenic fungi play a major role as infective units in the current market of biopesticides. Success in a massive production of fungal conidia include the use of proper long-term conservation microbial methods, aimed at preserving the phenotypic traits of the strains. The development of suitable inoculants should also be considered since that favours a rapid germination and invasiveness of the substrate in solid state cultures (SSC)...
March 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210947/nano-formulation-enhances-insecticidal-activity-of-natural-pyrethrins-against-aphis-gossypii-hemiptera-aphididae-and-retains-their-harmless-effect-to-non-target-predators
#11
Nikos E Papanikolaou, Argyro Kalaitzaki, Filitsa Karamaouna, Antonios Michaelakis, Vassiliki Papadimitriou, Vassilis Dourtoglou, Dimitrios P Papachristos
The insecticidal activity of a new nano-formulated natural pyrethrin was examined on the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and the predators Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur (Hemiptera: Miridae), in respect with the nano-scale potential to create more effective and environmentally responsible pesticides. Pyrethrin was nano-formulated in two water-in-oil micro-emulsions based on safe biocompatible materials, i.e., lemon oil terpenes as dispersant, polysorbates as stabilizers, and mixtures of water with glycerol as the dispersed aqueous phase...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208692/economic-impact-of-the-introduction-and-establishment-of-drosophila-suzukii-on-sweet-cherry-production-in-switzerland
#12
REVIEW
Dominique Mazzi, Esther Bravin, Manuela Meraner, Robert Finger, Stefan Kuske
First detected in Switzerland in 2011, the invasive Drosophila suzukii, spotted wing drosophila, has caused recurring costs for growers of berries and fruit. Recommended management approaches rely on a set of methods, tailored to suit crop requirements under the prevailing local conditions. Control of D. suzukii represents a substantial economic burden for growers, in terms of material, equipment, new infrastructure and extra labour. However, those growers who invest wisely to deliver unblemished produce are rewarded with high payoffs...
February 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187835/lethal-and-sublethal-effects-of-the-chitin-synthesis-inhibitor-chlorfluazuron-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-yang-and-zhang-diptera-sciaridae
#13
Peng Zhang, Yun-He Zhao, Qiu-Hong Wang, Wei Mu, Feng Liu
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang and Zhang is the primary insect pest that affects Chinese chive in northern China. Nevertheless, very few studies have been conducted on the use of chitin synthesis inhibitors (CSIs) for the control of B. odoriphaga. Here, lethal and sublethal effects of the CSI chlorfluazuron on B. odoriphaga were studied to explore the use for integrated pest management (IPM) of B. odoriphaga. A contact and ingestion toxicity bioassay showed that chlorfluazuron was more active against B. odoriphaga than three other CSIs, with a 72h LC50 of 0...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166300/impacts-of-human-related-practices-on-ommatissus-lybicus-infestations-of-date-palm-in-oman
#14
Khalifa M Al-Kindi, Paul Kwan, Nigel R Andrew, Mitchell Welch
Date palm cultivation is economically important in the Sultanate of Oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. However, a widespread Dubas bug (DB) (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Russia, and Spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. In this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (OLS), geographically weighted regression (GRW), and exploratory regression (ER) were applied to (a) model the correlation between DB infestations and human-related practices that include irrigation methods, row spacing, palm tree density, and management of undercover and intercropped vegetation, and (b) predict the locations of future DB infestations in northern Oman...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158259/predicting-the-current-potential-and-future-world-wide-distribution-of-the-onion-maggot-delia-antiqua-using-maximum-entropy-ecological-niche-modeling
#15
Shuoying Ning, Jiufeng Wei, Jinian Feng
Climate change will markedly impact biology, population ecology, and spatial distribution patterns of insect pests because of the influence of future greenhouse effects on insect development and population dynamics. Onion maggot, Delia antiqua, larvae are subterranean pests with limited mobility, that directly feed on bulbs of Allium sp. and render them completely unmarketable. Modeling the spatial distribution of such a widespread and damaging pest is crucial not only to identify current potentially suitable climactic areas but also to predict where the pest is likely to spread in the future so that appropriate monitoring and management programs can be developed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146066/current-and-future-repellent-technologies-the-potential-of-spatial-repellents-and-their-place-in-mosquito-borne-disease-control
#16
REVIEW
Edmund J Norris, Joel R Coats
Every year, approximately 700,000 people die from complications associated with etiologic disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes. While insecticide-based vector control strategies are important for the management of mosquito-borne diseases, insecticide-resistance and other logistical hurdles may lower the efficacy of this approach, especially in developing countries. Repellent technologies represent another fundamental aspect of preventing mosquito-borne disease transmission. Among these technologies, spatial repellents are promising alternatives to the currently utilized contact repellents and may significantly aid in the prevention of mosquito-borne disease if properly incorporated into integrated pest management approaches...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141966/past-present-and-future-of-integrated-control-of-apple-pests-the-new-zealand-experience
#17
James T S Walker, David Maxwell Suckling, C Howard Wearing
This review describes the New Zealand apple industry's progression from 1960s integrated pest control research to today's comprehensive integrated pest management system. With the exception of integrated mite control implemented during the 1980s, pest control on apple crops was dominated by intensive organophosphate insecticide regimes to control tortricid leafrollers. Multiple pest resistances to these insecticides by the 1990s, and increasing consumer demand for lower pesticide residues on fruit, led to the implementation of integrated fruit production...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141965/evolution-of-stored-product-entomology-protecting-the-world-food-supply
#18
David W Hagstrum, Thomas W Phillips
Traditional methods of stored-product pest control were initially passed from generation to generation. Ancient literature and archaeology reveal hermetic sealing, burning sulfur, desiccant dusts, and toxic botanicals as early control methods. Whereas traditional nonchemical methods were subsequently replaced by synthetic chemicals, other traditional methods were improved and integrated with key modern pesticides. Modern stored-product integrated pest management (IPM) makes decisions using knowledge of population dynamics and threshold insect densities...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139072/host-differentiation-and-variability-of-orobanche-crenata-populations-from-legume-species-in-morocco-as-revealed-by-cross-infestation-and-molecular-analysis
#19
Mounia Ennami, Fatima Zahra Briache, Fatima Gaboun, Rabha Abdelwahd, Lamiae Ghaouti, Loubna Belqadi, James Westwood, Rachid Mentag
BACKGROUND: Orobanche crenata represents a major biotic constraint to production of faba bean and lentil in Morocco. While this parasitic plant attacks both of these crops, the extent to which Orobanche biotypes specialize in parasitizing specific crops is unknown. To address this question, we studied O. crenata that grew on different hosts and quantified their host specificity to faba bean and lentil. The virulence of O. crenata populations on each host was investigated through field trials, pot and Petri dishes assays...
January 31, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131989/maximizing-information-yield-from-pheromone-baited-monitoring-traps-estimating-plume-reach-trapping-radius-and-absolute-density-of-cydia-pomonella-lepidoptera-tortricidae-in-michigan-apple
#20
REVIEW
C G Adams, J H Schenker, P S McGhee, L J Gut, J F Brunner, J R Miller
Novel methods of data analysis were used to interpret codling moth (Cydia pomonella) catch data from central-trap, multiple-release experiments using a standard codlemone-baited monitoring trap in commercial apple orchards not under mating disruption. The main objectives were to determine consistency and reliability for measures of: 1) the trapping radius, composed of the trap's behaviorally effective plume reach and the maximum dispersive distance of a responder population; and 2) the proportion of the population present in the trapping area that is caught...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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