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Integrated Pest Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210947/nano-formulation-enhances-insecticidal-activity-of-natural-pyrethrins-against-aphis-gossypii-hemiptera-aphididae-and-retains-their-harmless-effect-to-non-target-predators
#1
Nikos E Papanikolaou, Argyro Kalaitzaki, Filitsa Karamaouna, Antonios Michaelakis, Vassiliki Papadimitriou, Vassilis Dourtoglou, Dimitrios P Papachristos
The insecticidal activity of a new nano-formulated natural pyrethrin was examined on the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and the predators Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur (Hemiptera: Miridae), in respect with the nano-scale potential to create more effective and environmentally responsible pesticides. Pyrethrin was nano-formulated in two water-in-oil micro-emulsions based on safe biocompatible materials, i.e., lemon oil terpenes as dispersant, polysorbates as stabilizers, and mixtures of water with glycerol as the dispersed aqueous phase...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208692/economic-impact-of-the-introduction-and-establishment-of-drosophila-suzukii-on-sweet-cherry-production-in-switzerland
#2
REVIEW
Dominique Mazzi, Esther Bravin, Manuela Meraner, Robert Finger, Stefan Kuske
First detected in Switzerland in 2011, the invasive Drosophila suzukii, spotted wing drosophila, has caused recurring costs for growers of berries and fruit. Recommended management approaches rely on a set of methods, tailored to suit crop requirements under the prevailing local conditions. Control of D. suzukii represents a substantial economic burden for growers, in terms of material, equipment, new infrastructure and extra labour. However, those growers who invest wisely to deliver unblemished produce are rewarded with high payoffs...
February 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187835/lethal-and-sublethal-effects-of-the-chitin-synthesis-inhibitor-chlorfluazuron-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-yang-and-zhang-diptera-sciaridae
#3
Peng Zhang, Yun-He Zhao, Qiu-Hong Wang, Wei Mu, Feng Liu
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang and Zhang is the primary insect pest that affects Chinese chive in northern China. Nevertheless, very few studies have been conducted on the use of chitin synthesis inhibitors (CSIs) for the control of B. odoriphaga. Here, lethal and sublethal effects of the CSI chlorfluazuron on B. odoriphaga were studied to explore the use for integrated pest management (IPM) of B. odoriphaga. A contact and ingestion toxicity bioassay showed that chlorfluazuron was more active against B. odoriphaga than three other CSIs, with a 72h LC50 of 0...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166300/impacts-of-human-related-practices-on-ommatissus-lybicus-infestations-of-date-palm-in-oman
#4
Khalifa M Al-Kindi, Paul Kwan, Nigel R Andrew, Mitchell Welch
Date palm cultivation is economically important in the Sultanate of Oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. However, a widespread Dubas bug (DB) (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Russia, and Spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. In this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (OLS), geographically weighted regression (GRW), and exploratory regression (ER) were applied to (a) model the correlation between DB infestations and human-related practices that include irrigation methods, row spacing, palm tree density, and management of undercover and intercropped vegetation, and (b) predict the locations of future DB infestations in northern Oman...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158259/predicting-the-current-potential-and-future-world-wide-distribution-of-the-onion-maggot-delia-antiqua-using-maximum-entropy-ecological-niche-modeling
#5
Shuoying Ning, Jiufeng Wei, Jinian Feng
Climate change will markedly impact biology, population ecology, and spatial distribution patterns of insect pests because of the influence of future greenhouse effects on insect development and population dynamics. Onion maggot, Delia antiqua, larvae are subterranean pests with limited mobility, that directly feed on bulbs of Allium sp. and render them completely unmarketable. Modeling the spatial distribution of such a widespread and damaging pest is crucial not only to identify current potentially suitable climactic areas but also to predict where the pest is likely to spread in the future so that appropriate monitoring and management programs can be developed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146066/current-and-future-repellent-technologies-the-potential-of-spatial-repellents-and-their-place-in-mosquito-borne-disease-control
#6
REVIEW
Edmund J Norris, Joel R Coats
Every year, approximately 700,000 people die from complications associated with etiologic disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes. While insecticide-based vector control strategies are important for the management of mosquito-borne diseases, insecticide-resistance and other logistical hurdles may lower the efficacy of this approach, especially in developing countries. Repellent technologies represent another fundamental aspect of preventing mosquito-borne disease transmission. Among these technologies, spatial repellents are promising alternatives to the currently utilized contact repellents and may significantly aid in the prevention of mosquito-borne disease if properly incorporated into integrated pest management approaches...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141966/past-present-and-future-of-integrated-control-of-apple-pests-the-new-zealand-experience
#7
James T S Walker, David Maxwell Suckling, C Howard Wearing
This review describes the New Zealand apple industry's progression from 1960s integrated pest control research to today's comprehensive integrated pest management system. With the exception of integrated mite control implemented during the 1980s, pest control on apple crops was dominated by intensive organophosphate insecticide regimes to control tortricid leafrollers. Multiple pest resistances to these insecticides by the 1990s, and increasing consumer demand for lower pesticide residues on fruit, led to the implementation of integrated fruit production...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141965/evolution-of-stored-product-entomology-protecting-the-world-food-supply
#8
David W Hagstrum, Thomas W Phillips
Traditional methods of stored-product pest control were initially passed from generation to generation. Ancient literature and archaeology reveal hermetic sealing, burning sulfur, desiccant dusts, and toxic botanicals as early control methods. Whereas traditional nonchemical methods were subsequently replaced by synthetic chemicals, other traditional methods were improved and integrated with key modern pesticides. Modern stored-product integrated pest management (IPM) makes decisions using knowledge of population dynamics and threshold insect densities...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139072/host-differentiation-and-variability-of-orobanche-crenata-populations-from-legume-species-in-morocco-as-revealed-by-cross-infestation-and-molecular-analysis
#9
Mounia Ennami, Fatima Zahra Briache, Fatima Gaboun, Rabha Abdelwahd, Lamiae Ghaouti, Loubna Belqadi, James Westwood, Rachid Mentag
BACKGROUND: Orobanche crenata represents a major biotic constraint to production of faba bean and lentil in Morocco. While this parasitic plant attacks both of these crops, the extent to which Orobanche biotypes specialize in parasitizing specific crops is unknown. To address this question, we studied O. crenata that grew on different hosts and quantified their host specificity to faba bean and lentil. The virulence of O. crenata populations on each host was investigated through field trials, pot and Petri dishes assays...
January 31, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131989/maximizing-information-yield-from-pheromone-baited-monitoring-traps-estimating-plume-reach-trapping-radius-and-absolute-density-of-cydia-pomonella-lepidoptera-tortricidae-in-michigan-apple
#10
REVIEW
C G Adams, J H Schenker, P S McGhee, L J Gut, J F Brunner, J R Miller
Novel methods of data analysis were used to interpret codling moth (Cydia pomonella) catch data from central-trap, multiple-release experiments using a standard codlemone-baited monitoring trap in commercial apple orchards not under mating disruption. The main objectives were to determine consistency and reliability for measures of: 1) the trapping radius, composed of the trap's behaviorally effective plume reach and the maximum dispersive distance of a responder population; and 2) the proportion of the population present in the trapping area that is caught...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127901/integrated-pest-management-in-western-flower-thrips-past-present-and-future
#11
REVIEW
Sanae Mouden, Kryss Facun Sarmiento, Peter G L Klinkhamer, Kirsten A Leiss
Western flower thrips (WFT) is one of the most economically important pest insects of many crops worldwide. Recent EU legislation has caused a dramatic shift in pest management strategies, pushing for tactics that are less reliable on chemicals. The development of alternative strategies is therefore, an issue of increasing urgency. This paper reviews the main control tactics in integrated pest management (IPM) of WFT with focus on biological control and host plant resistance as areas of major progress. Knowledge gaps are identified and innovative approaches emphasized, highlighting the advances in -omics technologies...
January 27, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127861/mass-rearing-and-augmentative-biological-control-evaluation-of-rhynocoris-fuscipes-hemiptera-reduviidae-against-multiple-pests-of-cotton
#12
Majesh Thomson, Kitherian Sahayaraj, Vivek Kumar, Pasco B Avery, Cindy L McKenzie, Lance S Osborne
BACKGROUND: Rhynocoris fuscipes (Fab.) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is a generalist predator of cotton pests and is commonly found inhabiting cotton growing regions in southern India. With the goal to integrate this predator in standard management practices used against cotton pests on a commercial scale, 1) we developed a protocol for adult group rearing of this predator inside Micro Environmental Cages (MECs), and 2) evaluated the biocontrol potential of mass produced predators against cotton pests under potted and field conditions...
January 27, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122880/lethal-effects-of-the-insect-growth-regulator-cyromazine-against-three-species-of-filth-flies-musca-domestica-stomoxys-calcitrans-and-fannia-canicularis-diptera-muscidae-in-cattle-swine-and-chicken-manure
#13
William A Donahue, Allan T Showler, Michael W Donahue, Bret E Vinson, Weste L A Osbrink
The presence of various species of filth flies is a widespread problem where livestock, including poultry, are maintained and where manure accumulates. The house fly, Musca domestica L.; the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.); and the little house fly, Fannia canicularis (L.) (each Diptera: Muscidae), the target pests in our study, can mechanically spread diseases, and S. calcitrans can bite cattle, causing losses in meat and milk production. Chemical control is widely used to suppress filth flies, but resistance to conventional insecticides has become problematic...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122144/chemical-composition-and-behavioral-effects-of-five-plant-essential-oils-on-the-green-pea-aphid-acyrthosiphon-pisum-harris-homoptera-aphididae
#14
Abir Kasmi, Majdi Hammami, Emmanuel G Raoelison, Manef Abderrabba, Jalloul Bouajila, Christine Ducamp
Essential oils (EOs) from Schinus molle, Helichrysum gymnocephalum, Cedrelopsis grevei and Melaleuca viridiflora, four aromatic and medicinal plants, are commonly used in folk medicine. EOs were characterized by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and quantified by Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection (GC-FID); then evaluated for their behavioral effects on adults of the green pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) using a Perspex four-armed olfactometer in order to test the compatibility of their use as phytoinsecticides to control this insect pest...
January 25, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120937/single-basal-application-of-thiacloprid-for-the-integrated-management-of-meloidogyne-incognita-and-bemisia-tabaci-in-tomato-crops
#15
Sa Dong, Xiaofen Ren, Dianli Zhang, Xiaoxue Ji, Kaiyun Wang, Kang Qiao
Tomato growers commonly face heavy nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) and whitefly (B-biotype Bemisia tabaci) infestations, and previous studies demonstrated that thiacloprid could be used to control M. incognita and B. tabaci in cucumber. However, the efficacy of a single basal application of thiacloprid to control both pests and its effect on yield in tomato remains unknown. In this study, the potential of thiacloprid application to the soil for the integrated control of M. incognita and B. tabaci in tomato was evaluated in the laboratory and the field...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108117/a-single-intervention-for-cockroach-control-reduces-cockroach-exposure-and-asthma-morbidity-in-children
#16
Felicia A Rabito, John C Carlson, Hua He, Derek Werthmann, Coby Schal
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cockroaches is an important asthma trigger, particularly for children with asthma living in inner cities. Integrated pest management is the recommended approach to cockroach abatement; however, it is costly and difficult to implement. The impact of reducing cockroach exposure on asthma outcomes is not known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the use of a single intervention, insecticidal bait, to reduce cockroach exposure in the home of children with asthma in New Orleans and to examine the impact of cockroach reduction on asthma outcomes...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093669/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-anastrepha-striata-diptera-tephritidae-in-three-natural-regions-of-southwestern-colombia-using-mitochondrial-sequences
#17
Jenny Johana Gallo-Franco, Sandra Marcela Velasco-Cuervo, Elkin Aguirre-Ramirez, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Soraya Carrejo, Nelson Toro-Perea
Anastrepha striata is widely distributed across the Americas and is a pest of economically important crops, especially crops of the Myrtaceae family. Insect population structures can be influenced by the presence of physical barriers or characteristics associated with habitat differences. This study evaluated the effect of the Western Andes on the population structure of A. striata. Individuals were collected from Psidium guajava fruits from three natural regions of southwestern Colombia (Pacific Coast, mountainous region and the inter-Andean valley of the Cauca River)...
January 16, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#18
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091577/identification-of-wood-boring-beetles-cerambycidae-and-buprestidae-intercepted-in-trade-associated-solid-wood-packaging-material-using-dna-barcoding-and-morphology
#19
Yunke Wu, Nevada F Trepanowski, John J Molongoski, Peter F Reagel, Steven W Lingafelter, Hannah Nadel, Scott W Myers, Ann M Ray
Global trade facilitates the inadvertent movement of insect pests and subsequent establishment of populations outside their native ranges. Despite phytosanitary measures, nonnative insects arrive at United States (U.S.) ports of entry as larvae in solid wood packaging material (SWPM). Identification of wood-boring larval insects is important for pest risk analysis and management, but is difficult beyond family level due to highly conserved morphology. Therefore, we integrated DNA barcoding and rearing of larvae to identify wood-boring insects in SWPM...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075346/automated-surveillance-of-fruit-flies
#20
Ilyas Potamitis, Iraklis Rigakis, Nicolaos-Alexandros Tatlas
Insects of the Diptera order of the Tephritidae family cause costly, annual crop losses worldwide. Monitoring traps are important components of integrated pest management programs used against fruit flies. Here we report the modification of typical, low-cost plastic traps for fruit flies by adding the necessary optoelectronic sensors to monitor the entrance of the trap in order to detect, time-stamp, GPS tag, and identify the species of incoming insects from the optoacoustic spectrum analysis of their wingbeat...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
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