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Integrated Pest Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093669/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-anastrepha-striata-diptera-tephritidae-in-three-natural-regions-of-southwestern-colombia-using-mitochondrial-sequences
#1
Jenny Johana Gallo-Franco, Sandra Marcela Velasco-Cuervo, Elkin Aguirre-Ramirez, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Soraya Carrejo, Nelson Toro-Perea
Anastrepha striata is widely distributed across the Americas and is a pest of economically important crops, especially crops of the Myrtaceae family. Insect population structures can be influenced by the presence of physical barriers or characteristics associated with habitat differences. This study evaluated the effect of the Western Andes on the population structure of A. striata. Individuals were collected from Psidium guajava fruits from three natural regions of southwestern Colombia (Pacific Coast, mountainous region and the inter-Andean valley of the Cauca River)...
January 16, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#2
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091577/identification-of-wood-boring-beetles-cerambycidae-and-buprestidae-intercepted-in-trade-associated-solid-wood-packaging-material-using-dna-barcoding-and-morphology
#3
Yunke Wu, Nevada F Trepanowski, John J Molongoski, Peter F Reagel, Steven W Lingafelter, Hannah Nadel, Scott W Myers, Ann M Ray
Global trade facilitates the inadvertent movement of insect pests and subsequent establishment of populations outside their native ranges. Despite phytosanitary measures, nonnative insects arrive at United States (U.S.) ports of entry as larvae in solid wood packaging material (SWPM). Identification of wood-boring larval insects is important for pest risk analysis and management, but is difficult beyond family level due to highly conserved morphology. Therefore, we integrated DNA barcoding and rearing of larvae to identify wood-boring insects in SWPM...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075346/automated-surveillance-of-fruit-flies
#4
Ilyas Potamitis, Iraklis Rigakis, Nicolaos-Alexandros Tatlas
Insects of the Diptera order of the Tephritidae family cause costly, annual crop losses worldwide. Monitoring traps are important components of integrated pest management programs used against fruit flies. Here we report the modification of typical, low-cost plastic traps for fruit flies by adding the necessary optoelectronic sensors to monitor the entrance of the trap in order to detect, time-stamp, GPS tag, and identify the species of incoming insects from the optoacoustic spectrum analysis of their wingbeat...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066972/efficacy-of-a-long-lasting-bifenthrin-treated-net-against-horticultural-pests-and-its-compatibility-with-the-predatory-mite-amblyseius-swirskii-and-the-parasitic-wasp-eretmocerus-mundus
#5
Mª Del Mar Fernández, Ignacio Colomer, Pilar Medina, Alberto Fereres, Pedro Del Estal, Elisa Viñuela
BACKGROUND: The insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are being investigated lately for their use in agriculture. Depending on the insecticide, the hole size and the way they are produced, these nets can target different pests and therefore they could be interesting options to be used in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). As the information on their compatibility with beneficial fauna is practically negligible, in this work we have tested the compatibility of an experimental bifenthrin long lasting insecticide-treated net (LLITN) with Amblyseius swirskii and Eretmocerus mundus, important natural enemies of whiteflies and thrips, under laboratory, semi-field and commercial greenhouses...
January 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055003/eu-forest-a-high-resolution-tree-occurrence-dataset-for-europe
#6
Achille Mauri, Giovanni Strona, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz
We present EU-Forest, a dataset that integrates and extends by almost one order of magnitude the publicly available information on European tree species distribution. The core of our dataset (~96% of the occurrence records) came from an unpublished, large database harmonising forest plot surveys from National Forest Inventories on an INSPIRE-compliant 1 km×1 km grid. These new data can potentially benefit several disciplines, including forestry, biodiversity conservation, palaeoecology, plant ecology, the bioeconomy, and pest management...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052088/emerging-new-crop-pests-ecological-modelling-and-analysis-of-the-south-american-potato-psyllid-russelliana-solanicola-hemiptera-psylloidea-and-its-wild-relatives
#7
Mindy M Syfert, Liliya Serbina, Daniel Burckhardt, Sandra Knapp, Diana M Percy
Food security is threatened by newly emerging pests with increased invasive potential accelerated through globalization. The Neotropical jumping plant louse Russelliana solanicola Tuthill is currently a localized potato pest and probable vector of plant pathogens. It is an unusually polyphagous species and is widely distributed in and along the Andes. To date, introductions have been detected in eastern Argentina, southern Brazil and Uruguay. Species distribution models (SDMs) and trait comparisons based on contemporary and historical collections are used to estimate the potential spread of R...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043332/resistance-of-green-lacewing-chrysoperla-carnea-stephens-to-nitenpyram-cross-resistance-patterns-mechanism-stability-and-realized-heritability
#8
Muhammad Mudassir Mansoor, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza, Naeem Abbas, Muhammad Anjum Aqueel, Muhammad Afzal
The green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) is a major generalist predator employed in integrated pest management (IPM) plans for pest control on many crops. Nitenpyram, a neonicotinoid insecticide has widely been used against the sucking pests of cotton in Pakistan. Therefore, a field green lacewing strain was exposed to nitenpyram for five generations to investigate resistance evolution, cross-resistance pattern, stability, realized heritability, and mechanisms of resistance...
January 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043327/acetylcholinesterases-from-entomopathogenic-nematode-heterorhabditid-bacteriophora-susceptibility-to-insecticides-and-immunological-characteristics
#9
Magda A Mohamed, El-Sayed M E Mahdy, Abd-El-Hady M Ghazy, Nihal M Ibrahim, Hatem A El-Mezayen, Manal M E Ghanem
Acetylcholinesterases (AChEs) from the infective juveniles (IJs) of entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) have been investigated with respect to their susceptibility to insecticides and immunological characteristics, aiming at nominating the most compatible insecticide(s) to be used in conjunction with the most insecticide-tolerant EPN strain before incorporation in integrated pest management (IPM) programs. The inhibition kinetics of two purified AChE isoenzymes, AChEAII and AChEBI isolated from Heterorhabditid bacteriophora EM2 strain, by different insecticides revealed that the insensitivity to inhibition by such insecticides could be arranged in a descending order as; methomyl>carbofuran>acetamiprid>oxamyl>malathion...
January 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039677/antixenosis-and-antibiosis-resistance-in-rice-cultivars-against-chilo-suppressalis-walker-lepidoptera-crambidae
#10
M A Tabari, S A A Fathi, G Nouri-Ganbalani, A Moumeni, J Razmjou
The striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is an important pest afflicting rice in most rice-growing countries in the world. Deliniating the categories of resistance in rice genotypes under field conditions could be helpful in managment of this pest. Two categories of resistance, antixenosis and antibiosis, were examined in ten popular and diverse rice genotypes of different origin that had been selected for their resistance to the striped stem borer in a previous study. Significant differences were found between genotypes for the number of egg masses, number of eggs, preference index, larval and pupal weight, larval development time, larval survival rate, larval mine length, and leaf trichome density...
December 31, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039423/relative-toxicity-of-two-aphicides-to-hippodamia-convergens-coleoptera-coccinellidae-implications-for-integrated-management-of-sugarcane-aphid-melanaphis-sacchari-hemiptera-aphididae
#11
Felipe Colares, J P Michaud, Clint L Bain, Jorge B Torres
Flupyradifurone and sulfoxaflor present novel insecticide chemistries with particular efficacy against aphids, and the recent emergence of sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner), as a pest of sorghum in the United States has resulted in their widespread use. We examined their toxicity to Hippodamia convergens Guerin-Meneville, an important aphid biocontrol agent. We exposed beetles to topical applications of the field rate (FR) of these insecticides, fed them contaminated food (eggs of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller), and gave first-instar larvae 24-h exposures to leaf residues...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028080/modis-imagery-improves-pest-risk-assessment-a-case-study-of-wheat-stem-sawfly-cephus-cinctus-hymenoptera-cephidae-in-colorado-usa
#12
Jordan Lestina, Maxwell Cook, Sunil Kumar, Jeffrey Morisette, Paul J Ode, Frank Peairs
Wheat stem sawfly (Cephus cinctus Norton, Hymenoptera: Cephidae) has long been a significant insect pest of spring, and more recently, winter wheat in the northern Great Plains. Wheat stem sawfly was first observed infesting winter wheat in Colorado in 2010 and, subsequently, has spread rapidly throughout wheat production regions of the state. Here, we used maximum entropy modeling (MaxEnt) to generate habitat suitability maps in order to predict the risk of crop damage as this species spreads throughout the winter wheat-growing regions of Colorado...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025219/tillage-reduces-survival-of-grape-berry-moth-lepidoptera-tortricidae-via-burial-rather-than-mechanical-injury
#13
Jason M Matlock, Rufus Isaacs, Matthew Grieshop
The grape berry moth, Paralobesia viteana (Clemens), is a key pest of vineyards in eastern North America that overwinters as pupae in leaf litter on the vineyard floor. This presents an opportunity for tillage to disturb and bury the pupae, providing a potential nonchemical approach to control of this pest. Using a Lilleston-style rotary cultivator, we determined the distribution of pupae within the soil profile after single tillage passes, measured the type and severity of damage inflicted on pupae, and investigated how these effects on pupae influenced their survival...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011733/intrinsic-activity-of-igrs-against-larval-cat-fleas
#14
Michael K Rust, W Lance H Hemsarth
Insect growth regulators (IGRs) such as lufenuron, methoprene, and pyriproxyfen have been important tools in the integrated pest management of cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché), for the past two decades. Other IGRs have been registered for the control of termite, dipteran, and lepidopterous pests including chlorfluazuron, cyromazine, dicyclanil, and precocene I, but have been not tested against C. felis The intrinsic activity of IGRs was determined by exposing larvae to treated larval rearing media...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011689/performance-of-a-genetically-modified-strain-of-the-mediterranean-fruit-fly-diptera-tephritidae-for-area-wide-integrated-pest-management-with-the-sterile-insect-technique
#15
Edwin M Ramírez-Santos, Pedro Rendón, Lorena Ruiz-Montoya, Jorge Toledo, Pablo Liedo
The genetically modified strain of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) VIENNA 8 1260 has two morphological markers that exhibit fluorescence in body and sperm. To assess the feasibility of its use in area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programs using the sterile insect technique, its rearing performance and quality control profile under small, medium, and large scales was evaluated, as well as in field cages. The VIENNA 8 1260 strain had a lower yield than the control strains, VIENNA 8 with D53 inversion (VIENNA 8) and without D53 inversion (VIENNA 8 D53-)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999262/crapemyrtle-bark-scale-a-new-threat-for-crapemyrtles-a-popular-landscape-plant-in-the-u-s
#16
REVIEW
Zinan Wang, Yan Chen, Mengmeng Gu, Erfan Vafaie, Michael Merchant, Rodrigo Diaz
Crapemyrtle bark scale, Acanthococcus (=Eriococcus) lagerstroemiae (Kuwana) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), is a newly introduced insect pest on crapemyrtles, Lagerstroemia spp. (Myrtales: Lythraceae), one of the most popular flowering shrubs in the U.S. Since first detected in Texas in 2004, this pest has spread to twelve states causing losses to stakeholders. To develop a management plan, we reviewed current knowledge about the pest's biology and ecology, and suggested research approaches including studying its thermal tolerance, host range, plant resistance and biological control...
December 16, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965695/integration-of-plant-defense-traits-with-biological-control-of-arthropod-pests-challenges-and-opportunities
#17
REVIEW
Julie A Peterson, Paul J Ode, Camila Oliveira-Hofman, James D Harwood
Crop plants exhibit a wide diversity of defensive traits and strategies to protect themselves from damage by herbivorous pests and disease. These defensive traits may be naturally occurring or artificially selected through crop breeding, including introduction via genetic engineering. While these traits can have obvious and direct impacts on herbivorous pests, many have profound effects on higher trophic levels, including the natural enemies of herbivores. Multi-trophic effects of host plant resistance have the potential to influence, both positively and negatively, biological control...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941664/evidence-of-tolerance-to-silica-based-desiccant-dusts-in-a-pyrethroid-resistant-strain-of-cimex-lectularius-hemiptera-cimicidae
#18
David G Lilly, Cameron E Webb, Stephen L Doggett
Insecticide resistance in bed bugs (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus) has become widespread, which has necessitated the development of new IPM (Integrated Pest Management) strategies and products for the eradication of infestations. Two promising options are the diatomaceous earth and silica gel-based desiccant dusts, both of which induce dehydration and eventual death upon bed bugs exposed to these products. However, the impact of underlying mechanisms that confer resistance to insecticides, such as cuticle thickening, on the performance of these dusts has yet to be determined...
December 9, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940791/indoor-environmental-control-practices-and-asthma-management
#19
Elizabeth C Matsui, Stuart L Abramson, Megan T Sandel
Indoor environmental exposures, particularly allergens and pollutants, are major contributors to asthma morbidity in children; environmental control practices aimed at reducing these exposures are an integral component of asthma management. Some individually tailored environmental control practices that have been shown to reduce asthma symptoms and exacerbations are similar in efficacy and cost to controller medications. As a part of developing tailored strategies regarding environmental control measures, an environmental history can be obtained to evaluate the key indoor environmental exposures that are known to trigger asthma symptoms and exacerbations, including both indoor pollutants and allergens...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933554/use-of-anticoagulant-rodenticides-by-pest-management-professionals-in-massachusetts-usa
#20
Kristin Memmott, Maureen Murray, Allen Rutberg
Secondary exposure to chemical rodenticides, specifically second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs), poses a threat to non-target wildlife including birds of prey. Federal regulations in the United States currently limit homeowner access to SGARs as a way of minimizing this threat. With legal access to SGARs, pest management professionals (PMPs) represent a potential linkage to non-target exposure. There is limited research focused on rodent control practices, chemical rodenticide preferences, level of concern and awareness, or opinions on rodenticide regulations as they relate to PMPs...
January 2017: Ecotoxicology
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