Read by QxMD icon Read


Mohammad Moradi, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Alireza Zahraei Ramazani, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic and a major health problem in 17 provinces out of 31 in Iran. This study aimed to determine vectors and reservoirs of the disease using molecular techniques in the borderline of Iran and Iraq. Sand flies and rodents were sampled using sticky paper traps and metal wire live traps, respectively, in the selected villages. About 10% of archived confirmed human positive slides was randomly checked for Leishmania by PCR-RFLP assay. The female sand flies were dissected in alcohol 96% in a sterile condition, the head and two segments of the abdomen end permanently mounted for identification and the remaining of body used for DNA extraction...
June 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Mohammad Hasan Rabiee, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Roohollah Siahsarvie, Boris Kryštufek, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Rodents are reservoirs and hosts for several zoonotic diseases such as plague, leptospirosis, and leishmaniasis. Rapid development of industry and agriculture, as well as climate change throughout the globe, has led to change or increase in occurrence of rodent-borne diseases. Considering the distribution of rodents throughout Iran, the aim of this review is to assess the risk of rodent-borne diseases in Iran. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Information Database (SID), and Magiran databases up to September 2016 to obtain articles reporting occurrence of rodent-borne diseases in Iran and extract information from them...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mousa Khosravani
Historically, rodents-ectoparasites are responsible for many diseases in human and domestic animal communities because they are well-adapted to the environment and nutritional resources. In addition, ectoparasites can affect the reproductive rates, ecological fitness and the dispersal pattern of their hosts. Data was compiled through all publications relating to ectoparasites fauna from Iranian rodents. Host specificity, rodent-parasites interaction, geographical distribution, ecological trends as well as the medical or veterinary importance of ectoparasites are considered in this review...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Scott Parker, Ryan Crump, Hollyce Hartzler, R Mark Buller
Taterapox virus (TATV), which was isolated from an African gerbil ( Tatera kempi ) in 1975, is the most closely related virus to variola; however, only the original report has examined its virology. We have evaluated the tropism of TATV in vivo in small animals. We found that TATV does not infect Graphiurus kelleni , a species of African dormouse, but does induce seroconversion in the Mongolian gerbil ( Meriones unguiculatus ) and in mice; however, in wild-type mice and gerbils, the virus produces an unapparent infection...
August 1, 2017: Viruses
Masoud Foroutan, Shahram Khademvatan, Hamidreza Majidiani, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Faezeh Hedayati-Rad, Shahla Khashaveh, Habib Mohammadzadeh
Leishmaniasis are diverse group of diseases caused by numerous species of genus Leishmania. Herein we have contrived a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of Leishmania species in rodents of Iran. For this purpose, following the general methodology recommended for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, six English databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Ovid, Web of Science and Google Scholar) and four Persian databases (Magiran, SID, Iran Doc and Iran Medex) were explored during January 1995 till June 2015...
August 2017: Acta Tropica
Mostafa Gholamrezaei, Mehdi Mohebali, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL), caused by Leishmania major, is a common zoonotic vector-borne disease in Iran. Close contact with infected reservoir hosts increases the probability of transmission of Leishmania parasite infections to susceptible humans. Four gerbil species (Rodentia: Gerbillidae) serve as the main reservoir hosts for ZCL in different endemic foci of Iran. These species include Rhombomys opimus, Meriones libycus, Meriones hurrianae and Tatera indica; while notable infection has been reported in Nesokia indica as well...
August 2016: Acta Tropica
Majid Fasihi Harandi, Seyed Massoud Madjdzadeh, Mohammad Ahmadinejad
Fifty-one specimens of small mammals were collected from different locations of Kerman province, southeastern Iran during 2007 and 2009. They constitute six species of rodents (Meriones persicus, Meriones libycus, Tatera indica, Dryomys nitedula and Mus musculus), one species of Erinaceomorpha (Paraechinus hypomelas) and one species of hare (Lepus europeus). The rate of helminthic infection was 45.1 % among all trapped specimens. In 28 out of 51 hunted specimens no intestinal helminth parasite was found. Of all mammals examined, 15 (29...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Somayeh Mohammadi, Parviz Parvizi
BACKGROUND: Interest in Tatera indica rodent arises mostly because it is believed that this species is survived among four subspecies reported from Iran, two of which exist in Khuzestan Province. In addition, it might has a role as reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the transmission of Leishmania major in some of the widespread Asian foci including southwestern Iran. METHODS: Diagnostic morphological and molecular markers for T. indica were sought by characterizing from individual specimens, such as some taxonomic features and mitochondrial cytochrome b gene that had previously proven useful for the taxonomy of rodents...
March 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
A Vieira-da-Silva, F Adega, H Guedes-Pinto, R Chaves
L1 distribution in mammal's genomes is yet a huge riddle. However, these repetitive sequences were already found in all chromosomic regions, and in general, they seem to be nonrandomly distributed in the genome. It also seems that after insertion and when they are not deleterious, they are always involved in dynamic processes occurring on that particular chromosomic region. Furthermore, it seems that large-scale genome rearrangements and L1 activity and accumulation are somehow interconnected. In the present study, we analysed L1 genomic distribution in Tatera gambiana (Muridae, Gerbillinae), Acomys sp...
March 2016: Journal of Genetics
Behzad Pourhossein, Saber Esmaeili, Miklós Gyuranecz, Ehsan Mostafavi
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes are one the most common natural disasters that lead to increased mortality and morbidity from transmissible diseases, partially because the rodents displaced by an earthquake can lead to an increased rate of disease transmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of plague and tularemia in rodents in the earthquake zones in southeastern Iran. METHODS: In April 2013, a research team was dispatched to explore the possible presence of diseases in rodents displaced by a recent earthquake magnitude 7...
2015: Epidemiology and Health
M R Yaghoobi-Ershadi, N Marvi-Moghadam, R Jafari, A A Akhavan, H Solimani, A R Zahrai-Ramazani, M H Arandian, A R Dehghan-Dehnavi
Following the epidemic of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Khatam County, Yazd Province, this study was carried out to determine vector, and animal reservoir host(s) and investigate the human infection during 2005-2006. Four rural districts where the disease had higher prevalence were selected. Sticky paper traps were used to collect sand flies during April to November, biweekly. Meanwhile rodents were captured using Sherman traps from August to November. Households and primary schools were visited and examined for human infection in February 2006...
2015: Dermatology Research and Practice
Mehdi Nateghpour, Afsaneh Motevalli-Haghi, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Mehdi Mohebali, Iraj Mobedi, Leila Farivar
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to collect wild rodents for endoparasites determination in some parts of Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran nearby Pakistan and Afghanistan countries. METHODS: A total of 100 wild rodents were captured alive with cage traps. Various samples were collected from blood and feces, also impression smear prepared from different organs. The samples were prepared by formalin-ether or stained with Giemsa, after that were examined under microscope...
June 2015: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohammad Hassan Davami, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Mohsen Kalantari, Qasem Asgari, Iraj Mohammadpour, Abdolreza Sotoodeh-Jahromi, Kavous Solhjoo, Morteza Pourahmad
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL) is endemic in many parts of Iran. Recently its incidence is considerable in different parts of Jahrom district, in Fars Province, southern Iran. The aims of our study were to investigate the prevalence of leishmania infection, and identify and characterize the Leishmania species present, among the rodents by molecular methods in a new endemic focus of ZCL, in an urban and rural area of the Jahrom district, Fars Province, southern Iran...
December 2014: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Araya Gebresilassie, Solomon Yared, Essayas Aklilu, Oscar David Kirstein, Aviad Moncaz, Habte Tekie, Meshesha Balkew, Alon Warburg, Asrat Hailu, Teshome Gebre-Michael
BACKGROUND: Host choice and feeding success of sand fly vectors of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are important factors in understanding the epidemiology and for developing efficient control strategies. The aim of the present study was to determine the host preference of Phlebotomus orientalis in the VL focus of Tahtay Adiyabo district, northern Ethiopia. METHODS: Two separate experiments were conducted testing attraction of P. orientalis to humans, domestic animals, and small wild animals...
2015: Parasites & Vectors
Narmin Najafzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Syed Shuja Sultan, Adel Spotin, Alireza Zamani, Roozbeh Taslimian, Amir Yaghoubinezhad, Parviz Parvizi
INTRODUCTION: Leishmania major is the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL), and great gerbils are the main reservoir hosts in Iran. Abarkouh in central Iran is an emerging focal point for which the reservoir hosts of ZCL are unclear. This research project was designed to detect any Leishmania parasites in different wild rodent species. METHODS: All rodents captured in 2011 and 2012 from Abarkouh district were identified based on morphological characteristics and by amplification of the rodent cytochrome b (Cyt b) gene...
September 2014: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Farideh Shahbazi, Mohammad Darvishi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Reza Jafari, Mohammad Khajeian, Yavar Rassi, Hassan Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Hossein Darabi, Mohammad Hossein Arandian, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Mansour Heidari
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) represents the most frequent vector borne parasitoses in Iran. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiological features of CL including human infection and the reservoir host in the city of Bushehr, Bushehr Province, Iran during 2010-2011. METHODS: Studies on human infection was carried out on 2962 school children aged 7-14 years old from 60 primary schools and among 400 households with a total population of 1568 in four infected districts of the city in December 2010...
2013: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Rassi Yavar, Karami Hadi, Abai Mohammad Reza, Mohebali M, Bakshi Hasan, Oshaghi Mohammad Ali, Rafizadeh Sina, Bagherpoor Hagigi Habib, Hosseini Abodolrahim, Gholami Manuchehr
OBJECTIVE: To identify the vectors and reservoirs of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the endemic focus of Farashband, Fars Province, South of Iran. METHODS: Sticky papers and Sherman trap were used for collection of sand flies and rodents, respectively. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of kDNA, ITS1-rDNA were used for identification of Leishmania parasite in sand flies as well as rodents. RESULTS: Totally 2 010 sand flies were collected and the species of Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli was the common specimen in outdoors and indoors places...
October 2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Mohammad Akhoundi, Mehdi Mohebali, Mina Asadi, Mohamad Reza Mahmodi, Kamyar Amraei, Asad Mirzaei
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is an expanding disease and a public health issue in Iran. In the present study, rate of natural infection of rodent populations with Leishmania was investigated in six endemic foci including 28 villages in Golestan, Esfahan, Yazd, Fars, Khuzestan and Ilam provinces. A total of 593 rodents were captured and identified as Rhombomys opimus (n = 325), Meriones libycus (n = 171), Meriones persicus (n = 27), Tatera indica (n = 37), Nesokia indica (n = 12), Rattus rattus (n = 13) and Mus musculus (n = 8)...
July 2013: Folia Parasitologica
Shyamal Biswas, Sohan Lal, Veena Mittal, M Malini, Shiv Kumar
A continuous serological and bacteriological surveillance in rodents was carried out in peninsular India i.e. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to detect the role of different species of rodents in the maintenance of active enzootic plague foci. Live rodents were collected from wild and ruderal/peri-domestic situations by digging and trapping for sera and organ samples. During 1989 to 2007 serological evidence of plague was detected in different species of rodents in peninsular India. Plague antibodies were detected in 243 sera samples in three different rodent species...
September 2011: Journal of Communicable Diseases
L I Knight, B L Ng, W Cheng, B Fu, F Yang, R V Rambau
Desmodillus and Gerbilliscus (formerly Tatera) comprise a monophyletic group of gerbils (subfamily Gerbillinae) which last shared an ancestor approximately 8 million years ago; diploid chromosome number variation among the species ranges from 2n = 36 to 2n = 50. In an attempt to shed more light on chromosome evolution and speciation in these rodents, we compared the karyotypes of 7 species, representing 3 genera, based on homology data revealed by chromosome painting with probes derived from flow-sorted chromosomes of the hairy footed gerbil, Gerbillurus paeba (2n = 36)...
2013: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"