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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031502/low-rates-of-gastrointestinal-and-non-gastrointestinal-complications-for-screening-or-surveillance-colonoscopies-in-a-population-based-study
#1
Wang Louise, Mannalithara Ajitha, Singh Gurkirpal, Ladabaum Uri
BACKGROUND: The full spectrum of serious non-gastrointestinal (non-GI) post-colonoscopy complications has not been well characterized. We analyzed rates of and factors associated with adverse post-colonoscopy GI and non-GI events (cardiovascular, pulmonary, or infectious) attributable to screening or surveillance colonoscopy (S-colo) and non-screening or non-surveillance colonoscopy (NS-colo). METHODS: We performed a population-based study of colonoscopy complications using databases from California hospital-owned and nonhospital-owned ambulatory facilities, emergency departments, and hospitals from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2011...
October 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031177/giant-gastric-lipoma-presenting-as-gi-bleed-enucleation-or-resection
#2
Salah Termos, Ossama Reslan, Omar Alqabandi, Abdullah AlDuwaisan, Saud Al-Subaie, Khalifa Alyatama, Mohammad Alali, Ahmad AlSaleh
INTRODUCTION: Gastric lipomas are unusual benign lesions and account for less than 1% of all tumours of the stomach and 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas (Thompson et al.2003; Fernandez et al. 1983 [1,2]). Although predominantly asymptomatic and indolent; they may present with gastric outlet obstruction and upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding owing to size and ulceration. Only a few cases have been reported, presenting large in size with massive GI bleeding (Alcalde Escribano et al...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991879/risks-versus-benefits-of-anticoagulation-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-cirrhotic-patients
#3
Jonggi Choi, Junhwan Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Minsu Kim, Gi-Byoung Nam
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To evaluate the clinical benefits and risks of anticoagulation with warfarin in cirrhotic patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: A total of 465 cirrhotic patients diagnosed with nonvalvular AF were retrospectively analyzed. We compared incidences of ischemic stroke and major bleeding events between the 2 groups and examined the factors predicting ischemic stroke or major bleeding events. RESULTS: Of 465 patients with AF, 113 (24...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983850/topical-administration-of-ibuprofen-for-injured-athletes-considerations-formulations-and-comparison-to-oral-delivery
#4
REVIEW
Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris, Charles DeMesa
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world, NSAIDs can be purchased over-the-counter and used without any physician oversight. However, the chronic nature of overuse injuries requires NSAIDs to be taken orally for an extended period of time. As a result, they can have significant adverse effects on athletes, namely gastrointestinal (GI), renal, and cardiovascular damage...
October 5, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983161/etiological-and-endoscopic-profile-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Pranav Mahajan, Vijant Singh Chandail
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common medical emergency associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The clinical presentation depends on the amount and location of hemorrhage and the endoscopic profile varies according to different etiology. At present, there are limited epidemiological data on upper GI bleed and associated mortality from India, especially in the middle and elderly age group, which has a higher incidence and mortality from this disease...
July 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981044/clinical-vignettes-case-reports-gi-bleeding
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981029/gi-bleeding
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981022/submitted-not-presented-clinical-vignettes-case-reports-gi-bleeding
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981011/submitted-not-presented-gi-bleeding
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975066/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-deception-to-the-eyesight
#10
Fady G Haddad, Magda Daoud, Mayurathan Kesavan, Sherif Andrawes
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare soft tissue tumors. Despite their rarity, these tumors are the most common gastrointestinal (GI) mesenchymal tumors. They can involve various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs growth can be intramural, intraluminal or exophytic. Symptoms are usually related to GI bleeding and to adjacent organ compression by the tumor. Endoscopy can suggest the diagnosis, but tissue sampling is required for the diagnosis. Herein, we present a unique case of GIST where the patient had negative endoscopic findings despite the large size of the tumor, thus abdominal computed tomography scan and endoscopic ultrasound was required to make the diagnosis...
July 31, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971259/efficacy-and-safety-of-superselective-trans-catheter-arterial-embolization-of-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-using-n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate
#11
Jae Hyun Kwon, Yoon Hee Han
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of superselective trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for patients with acute non-variceal upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. METHODS: TAE using NBCA was performed in 21 patients (13 males, 8 females, mean age 60.9 years) with acute non-variceal upper (n = 15) and lower (n = 6) GI bleeding. TAE using other embolic agents was performed in 25 patients (13 males, 12 females, mean age 69...
October 2, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970708/comparative-study-of-community-acquired-and-nosocomial-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-and-its-variants-in-150-patients
#12
Girisha Balaraju, Mallikarjun Patil, Adarsh C Krishnamurthy, Dheeraj Karanth, Harshad Devarbhavi
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial acquisition of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is debated as having a different microbial etiology and prognosis. Identification of clinical, laboratory predictors of mortality and appropriate empirical antimicrobial selection is necessary to prevent early mortality and morbidity. We aimed to find the clinical and bacteriological profile in nosocomial and community acquired SBP and its variants, and the predictors of mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients with 162 discrete episodes of different types of SBP were analyzed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957820/risk-factors-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-after-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device
#13
Ozlem Balcioglu, Hatice S Kemal, Serkan Ertugay, Pelin Ozturk, Yaprak Engin, Sanem Nalbantgil, Cagatay Engin, Tahir Yagdi, Mustafa Ozbaran
This study aimed to compare von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels, ristocetin cofactor levels, platelet counts, aortic valve movements, and right heart failure (RHF) as risk factors of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with continuous flow left ventricular assist device (cf-LVAD). In a single centre, 90 patients (mean age 52.0 ± 10.5 years), of which 59 were male and 31 were female, had cf-LVAD implantation from October 2010 to November 2012. Seventy-six (84.4%) patients had HeartWare (Medtronic, Mounds View, MN) and 14 (15...
September 27, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955579/oral-hygiene-habits-and-oral-health-status-of-female-adolescents-under-state-protection-a-pilot-study
#14
Cenker Zeki Koyuncuoglu, Magrur Kazak, Ferda Pamuk, Emine Cifcibasi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate oral health status and oral hygiene practices of female adolescents under state protection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five female participants between the age of 12 and 18 who are under the care of The Child Protection Institution were included in this study. Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding knowledge of oral health and habits. Dental caries status was scored according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO), using the indices of Decayed (D), Missing (M), Filled (F), Surfaces (S) (DMFS)...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924517/breast-cancer-metastases-to-the-gastrointestinal-tract-presenting-with-anemia-and-intra-abdominal-bleed
#15
Idrees Khan, Rehan Malik, Amina Khan, Salman Assad, Mehr Zahid, Muhammad Saad Sohail, Faizan Yasin, Ahmed H Qavi
Signet ring adenocarcinoma of the breast with synchronous metastasis to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a rare occurrence, typically presenting with abdominal pain, dyspepsia, or GI bleed. We report a case of metastatic breast cancer presenting with a complaint of anemia. A further diagnostic evaluation revealed generalized lymphadenopathy, nodular thickening of the urinary bladder wall, bone lesions, and enlarged pancreas. Biopsies from the lymph nodes, pancreatic biopsy, and bladder nodule all revealed a signet cell carcinoma...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916678/gucy2c-signaling-opposes-the-acute-radiation-induced-gi-syndrome
#16
Peng Li, Evan Wuthrick, Jeff A Rappaport, Crystal Kraft, Jieru E Lin, Glen Marszalowicz, Adam E Snook, Tingting Zhan, Terry M Hyslop, Scott A Waldman
High doses of ionizing radiation induce acute damage to epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, mediating toxicities restricting the therapeutic efficacy of radiation in cancer and morbidity and mortality in nuclear disasters. No approved prophylaxis or therapy exists for these toxicities, in part reflecting an incomplete understanding of mechanisms contributing to the acute radiation-induced GI syndrome (RIGS). Guanylate cyclase C (GUCY2C) and its hormones guanylin and uroguanylin have recently emerged as one paracrine axis defending intestinal mucosal integrity against mutational, chemical, and inflammatory injury...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915302/prevalence-of-gingivitis-in-a-group-of-35-to-70-year-olds-residing-in-puerto-rico
#17
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Beatriz C Berríos-Ouslán, Bayardo García-Godoy, Margarita Murillo, Jomar Diaz-Nicolas, Ferdinand Lugo, Milagros J Toro
OBJECTIVE: Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingival tissues, typically progresses to periodontitis. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in 35- to 70-year-olds residing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and assess the differences in gingivitis distribution between age and gender groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of patients from a private practice and patients/employees of the Puerto Rico Medical Center...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912915/gastrointestinal-bleeding-successfully-treated-using-interventional-radiology
#18
Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Masakazu Emori, Makoto Yoshitani, Junichi Soneda, Masanori Takada, Yusuke Nomura
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is an emergency medical condition that leads to hemorrhagic shock or circulatory instability if left untreated. A mainstay for treating GI bleeding is endoscopic therapy; more than 90% of GI bleeding can be staunched by endoscopic hemostasis. However, patients with unstable hemodynamics or GI bleeding that cannot be controlled by endoscopy require transcatheter embolization or surgical intervention. The development of several devices and embolization agents that are used in interventional radiology (IVR) leads to safe and accessible treatment via IVR...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906511/association-of-cytokine-gene-polymorphism-with-peri-implantitis-risk
#19
Aleksandra Petkovic-Curcin, Katarina Zeljic, Bojana Cikota-Aleksic, Dragana Dakovic, Zoran Tatic, Zvonko Magic
PURPOSE: To investigate whether polymorphisms of cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin (IL)6, IL10, and IL1ra genes are associated with the risk of peri-implantitis susceptibility in patients with dental implants in the Serbian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated DNA from the blood was used for IL10-1082, TNFα-308, IL6-174, CD14-159, and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL1ra) genotyping using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodology...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906357/ercp-related-complication-is-not-the-only-cause-of-gi-bleeding-in-post-liver-transplantation-patients-a-case-report
#20
Zhen Ding, Xue-Lian Tang, Rong Lin, Chaoqun Han, Jun Liu
RATIONALE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the treatment of choice for biliary complications in liver transplantation (LT) recipients as it is both diagnostic and therapeutic. The specific risks following ERCP among LT recipients have not been well studied. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old man with a history of orthotopic LT underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) as a treatment of biliary strictures, whereby a plastic stent was implanted...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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