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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667211/randomised-clinical-trial-gastrointestinal-events-in-arthritis-patients-treated-with-celecoxib-ibuprofen-or-naproxen-in-the-precision-trial
#1
N D Yeomans, D Y Graham, M E Husni, D H Solomon, T Stevens, J Vargo, Q Wang, L M Wisniewski, K E Wolski, J S Borer, P Libby, A M Lincoff, T F Lüscher, W Bao, C Walker, S E Nissen
BACKGROUND: We evaluated GI safety of celecoxib compared with 2 nonselective (ns) NSAIDs, as a secondary objective of a large trial examining multiorgan safety. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind controlled trial analysed 24 081 patients. Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis patients, needing ongoing NSAID treatment, were randomised to receive celecoxib 100-200 mg b.d., ibuprofen 600-800 mg t.d.s. or naproxen 375-500 mg b.d. plus esomeprazole, and low-dose aspirin or corticosteroids if already prescribed...
April 17, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657612/deal-a-death-blow-hcc-in-cirrhotics-thrombotic-complications-their-frequency-characteristics-and-risk-factors
#2
Khalid Mahmood, Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Aamer Mahmood, Syed Muhammad, Noor Muhammad
Introduction: The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), being the commonest primary cancer, holds the sixth slot in the list of common cancers worldwide. Thrombotic complications in the form of portal vein tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and bland portal vein thrombosis with HCC are common with a bad prognosis. Aim: The study aims to determine the demographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters of HCC patients. The study also compares the clinical and biochemical parameters among patients having HCC with and without thrombotic complication...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629057/etiology-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-referred-to-pediatric-wards-of-mashhad-hospitals-iran
#3
Seyed Ali Jafari, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamid Reza Kianifar, Mohammad Mansooripour, Elahe Heidari, Maryam Khalesi
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, which has several clinical manifestation and origins, is known as one of the most life-threatening events in children. Several etiologies have been suggested for GI bleeding. Objective: To determine the most important causes of GI bleeding in children referred to Ghaem Hospital and Dr. Sheikh Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, after obtaining written informed consent of their parents, 113 patients aging from newborn infants to 18-year-old children with GI bleeding admitted to Ghaem Hospital and Dr...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626424/multifocal-nitrous-oxide-cryoballoon-ablation-with-or-without-emr-for-treatment-of-neoplastic-barrett-s-esophagus
#4
Marcia Irene Canto, Nicholas J Shaheen, Jose Alejandro Almario, Lysandra Voltaggio, Elizabeth Montgomery, Charles J Lightdale
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic cryotherapy can eradicate neoplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). A new contact cryoballoon focal ablation system (CbFAS)) freezes esophageal mucosa with nitrous oxide. We studied the safety and efficacy of CbFAS for complete eradication of neoplastic Barrett's esophagus. METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, consecutive BE patients with confirmed neoplasia (low-grade dysplasia LGD, high-grade dysplasia HGD, and/or intramucosal adenocarcinoma ImCA), at least 1 cm of BE, with or without prior ablation, were treated with a dose 10 seconds of spray per site...
April 4, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626372/bleeding-related-hospitalization-in-patients-with-von-willebrand-disease-and-the-impact-of-prophylaxis-results-from-national-registers-in-sweden-compared-with-normal-controls-and-participants-in-the-von-willebrand-disease-prophylaxis-network
#5
E Holm, K Steen Carlsson, S Lövdahl, A E Lail, T C Abshire, E Berntorp
INTRODUCTION: Patients suffering from von Willebrand disease (VWD) have a variety of bleeding symptoms and require both outpatient care for treatment and, in more severe cases, hospitalization. AIM: To investigate the impact of having VWD on frequency of hospitalization compared to a control group and to evaluate whether regular replacement therapy (prophylaxis) is associated with reduction in the number of hospitalizations. METHODS: Linkage of national population-based registries was used in the Congenital Bleeding Disorders study in Sweden (CBDS)...
April 6, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626014/glasgow-blatchford-score-and-risk-stratifications-in-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleed-can-we-extend-this-to-2-for-urgent-outpatient-management
#6
Kelly Chatten, Huw Purssell, Ashwini Kumar Banerjee, Stephanie Soteriadou, Yeng Ang
Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds are a common presentation to emergency departments in the UK. The Glasgow Blatchford score (GBS) predicts the outcome of patients at presentation. Current UK and European guidelines recommend outpatient management for a GBS of 0. In the current study, our aim was to assess whether extending the GBS allows for early discharge while maintaining patient safety. We also analysed whether pathologies could be missed by discharging patients too early. Data were retrospectively collected on patients admitted with symptoms of an upper GI bleed between 1 October 2013 and 10 June 2016...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622900/unsuspected-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease-in-elderly-patients-diagnosed-by-video-capsule-endoscopy
#7
Che-Yung Chao, Carl Frederic Duchatellier, Ernest G Seidman
Background: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is increasingly performed among the elderly for obscure bleeding. Our aim was to report on the utility of VCE to uncover unsuspected Crohn's disease (CD) in elderly patients. Methods: Retrospective review of VCE performed in elderly patients (≥70 y) at a tertiary hospital (2010-2015). All underwent prior negative bidirectional endoscopies. CD diagnosis was based on consistent endoscopic findings, exclusion of other causes, and a Lewis endoscopic score (LS) > 790 (moderate-to-severe inflammation)...
2018: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616131/chemoprevention-with-phosphatidylcholine-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#8
Lenard M Lichtenberger, Tri Phan, Dexing Fang, Elizabeth J Dial
The chemopreventive activity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly aspirin, has been well demonstrated in preclinical and clinical studies. However, the primary side effect from this class of drug is gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, which has limited the widespread use of NSAIDs for the prevention of cancer. The development of GI-safer NSAIDs, which are associated with phosphatidylcholine (PC) may provide a solution to this therapeutic problem. In the present study, the efficacy of two NSAIDs, aspirin and indomethacin, were compared using murine colon cancer cell line MC-26...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614298/a-heart-stopping-cause-of-upper-gi-bleeding
#9
Samuel Han, Brian C Brauer, Frank I Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608808/an-unusual-cause-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#10
Julien Aron, Aymeric Couturier, Leila Sinayoko, Viviane Duedal, Christophe Ridel, Maxime Touzot
Iron deficiency caused by gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common cause of anemia in hemodialysis patient. Herein, we report the case of an 89-year-old hemodialysis patient who presented with acute anemia and melena. Endoscopy found gastritis and diverticulosis without active bleeding. A capsule endoscopy (CE) was then performed and revealed multiple vascular lesions that lead to the diagnosis of Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus syndrome (BRBNS). This rare disease is associated with multiple venous malformations in the skin and the GI tract, usually observed in children...
April 2, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603700/assessment-of-lipid-peroxidation-levels-and-total-antioxidant-status-in-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-patients-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Vivek Tripathi, Sahib T Singh, Vivek Sharma, Ashish Verma, Chetan D Singh, Jaspreet S Gill
INTRODUCTION: Periodontitis is a common problem affecting a significant population of the world. For the assessment of oxidative stress of an individual, total oxidation status (TOS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) are the significant biomarkers. Hence, we planned the present study to assess malondialde-hyde (MDA), TOS, TAOC levels, and oxidative stress index (OSI) in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GP) and chronic periodontitis (CP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of 40 CP patients, 40 GP patients, and 40 healthy controls...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603408/effect-of-vitamin-d-level-on-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#12
Fadi Abou Obeid, Gardner Yost, Geetha Bhat, Erin Drever, Antone Tatooles
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is an important hormone that regulates cardiac myocyte function. Low levels contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease and have been implicated in immune function and the inflammatory cascade. Patients who undergo left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation are at risk for driveline infection, stroke, and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. We investigated whether serum 25-hydroxy (25-OH) vitamin D levels affect clinical outcomes after LVAD. METHODS: 212 patients who underwent LVAD implantation between 2010 and 2015 were included...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596078/reduction-in-postpercutaneous-coronary-intervention-angina-in-addition-to-gastrointestinal-events-in-patients-on-combined-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Muhammad Y Khan, Waqas J Siddiqui, Chikezie Alvarez, Sandeep Aggarwal, Syed F Hasni, Asyia Ahmad, Howard Eisen
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a standard treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Studies have shown that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can potentially attenuate the antiplatelet effects of P2Y12 inhibitors with associated adverse cardiovascular outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline was searched using Pubmed from inception to 8 November 2017 for randomized control trials studying the effect of PPIs on coronary artery disease with concomitant use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595680/assessment-of-the-periodontal-health-status-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances-and-invisalign-system-a-meta-analysis
#14
Haili Lu, Haifang Tang, Tian Zhou, Na Kang
BACKGROUND: At present, many scholars have studied the periodontal health status of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances and invisalign. However, those results are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis, and then provide reference for clinical treatment. METHODS: Most databases, such as the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Medline, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, CNKI, and Wan Fang Data were retrieved for related articles from the establishment of the database to October 2017...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590726/bleeding-peptic-ulcer-tertiary-center-experience-epidemiology-treatment-and-prognosis
#15
Ivan Budimir, Sanja Stojsavljević, Davor Hrabar, Dominik Kralj, Alen Bišćanin, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Mario Zovak, Žarko Babić, Sven Bohnec, Ivan Budimir
The aim of this study was to demonstrate epidemiological, clinical and endoscopic characteristics of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) with special reference to peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). The study included 2198 consecutive patients referred to our emergency department due to acute UGIB from January 2008 to December 2012. All patients underwent urgent upper GI endoscopy within 24 hours of admission, and 842 patients diagnosed with PUB were enrolled and prospectively followed-up. The cumulative incidence of UGIB was 126/100,000 in the 5-year period...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588840/device-assisted-enteroscopy-in-the-uk-description-of-a-large-tertiary-case-series-under-conscious-sedation
#16
Vijay Pattni, David J Tate, Ana Terlevich, Peter Marden, Steve Hughes
Objective: Device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE) has developed rapidly, particularly with the advent of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). This study reports a case series from a UK tertiary centre for DAE across two modalities-DBE and spiral enteroscopy (SE)-under conscious sedation. Design: Retrospective observational study of 257 enteroscopy procedures from 2008 to 2014. Data were collected on demographics, indications, diagnosis, sedation requirements, duration, complications, tolerance, therapy performed and completion rate...
April 2018: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582237/locations-and-mucosal-lesions-responsible-for-major-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-on-warfarin-or-dabigatran
#17
Jennifer M Kolb, Kathryn Friedman Flack, Prapti Chatterjee-Murphy, Jay Desai, Lars C Wallentin, Michael Ezekowitz, Stuart Connolly, Paul Reilly, Martina Brueckmann, John Ilgenfritz, James Aisenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Different oral anticoagulants may be associated with gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) from different locations or mucosal lesions. We aimed to test this hypothesis. METHODS: Two blinded gastroenterologists independently analyzed source documents from the randomized evaluation of long-term anticoagulant therapy (RE-LY) trial of dabigatran 150 mg BID (D150), dabigatran 110 mg BID (D110) versus warfarin in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)...
March 27, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577575/one-year-clinical-outcomes-of-locking-taper-equator-attachments-retaining-mandibular-overdentures-to-narrow-diameter-implants
#18
Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Fernanda Faot, Alessandra Julie Schuster, Amália Machado Bielemann, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
BACKGROUND: Narrow diameter implants (NDI) are recommended to retain mandibular overdentures (MOs) in cases of limited bone thickness. It is necessary to evaluate the clinical behavior of NDI as MO retainers connected to a new screwless locking taper abutments, their predictability and maintenance problems. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the peri-implant tissue behavior around NDI and the performance of locking taper stud abutments as MO retainers. METHODOLOGY: Thirty patients (average age of 67...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575962/inhospital-and-delayed-mortality-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-in-a-prospective-series
#19
Rita Jiménez-Rosales, Francisco Valverde-López, Francisco Vadillo-Calles, Juan Gabriel Martínez-Cara, Mercedes López de Hierro, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo
BACKGROUND: Detailed analyses of mortality after upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding are lacking. Follow-up rarely extends beyond 30 days. AIMS: Our aim was to analyze in-hospital and delayed 6-months mortality, identifying risk factors. METHODS: This was a prospective study on patients with upper GI bleeding over 36 months. Clinical outcomes were in-hospital and delayed-6 month-mortality. RESULTS: Four hundred and forty-none patients were included...
March 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560659/a-unique-case-of-upper-gi-bleed
#20
R Bansal, S Duddempudi, W Thelmo, L Rajnish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
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