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N N Tsybikov, E V Egorova, E V Prutkina
The level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in blood serum and nasal secretion was simultaneously determine by the relevant immunoenzyme assay in 23 of patients presenting with chronic rhinitis and in12 healthy subjects. It was shown that both vasomotor and chronic hypertrophic rhinitides are characterized by a similar (two-fold) rise in the serum ET-1 concentration. The six-fold increase of the ET-1 level in nasal secretion in chronic hypertrophic rhinitis compared with the respective normal parameter exceeds that in the vasomotor form of this pathology...
2010: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Da-Yu Liu, Xiao-Lan Cai, Hong-Ying Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the surgical complications in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and discuss the risk factors and preliminary strategies for prevention of complications. METHODS: From September 1998 to March 2007, 653 OSAHS patients confirmed by polysomnography were treated by different surgical approaches according to their obstructive sites, which included uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) in 586 cases, nasal surgery in 104 cases/times, hyoid suspension surgery in 53 cases/times, respectively or at the same time...
July 2009: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
J N Baraniuk
Nasal sensory nerve stimulation leads to sensations of pain and congestion and nociceptive nerve axon response-mediated release of substance P that stimulates glandular secretion as an immediate-acting protective mucosal defense. Recruited parasympathetic reflexes cause submucosal gland secretion via muscarinic M3 receptors. Parasympathetic reflexes, sneezing, and other avoidance behaviors rapidly clear the upper airway of offending agents while protecting the lower airways. Dysfunction contributes to allergic, infectious, and other nonallergic rhinitides and possibly sinusitis...
May 2001: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
J W Georgitis
The prevalence and differential diagnosis of rhinitis changes as we progress from birth to senescence. The heavy burden of allergic rhinitis is often overlooked in infants and disregarded in childhood and adolescence. In women, especially during pregnancy, hormonal changes can significantly affect nasal mucosal hyperreactivity and worsen ongoing syndromes. Various types of inflammatory and noninflammatory nonallergic rhinitides become more prevalent in the fifth decade and beyond. The burgeoning elderly population with irritant, atrophic, and medication-related rhinitis will constitute a greater proportion of our practices as the general population ages...
May 2001: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
V Hassmanová, J Vanĕcková, K Bousová
The present paper demonstrates by documentary evidence occupational diseases caused by chromium and its compounds. Perforations of the nasal septum were diagnosed in 20 males and 9 females, the last one in 1980. Most of them worked in chromium-plating shops. Other diseases, including bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, and contact allergic eczemas, were examined in 1985-1999. Bronchial asthma was reported in a textile dyer who was in contact with chromium dyes for 32 years and two allergic rhinitides (a welder and an electroplater) were reported in 1987 as "other damage to health resulting from work...
2000: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové). Supplementum
P R Cook
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is the most well understood of the types of allergic rhinitides. The disease is characterized by sneezing, itching, rhinorrhea, and nasal congestion upon exposure to pollen allergens in susceptible individuals. These symptoms can cause considerable misery in affected patients. Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder as well as new insights into the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis enable practitioners to provide more effective therapy.
May 1996: Missouri Medicine
J Hellwig, K Deckardt, K O Freisberg
In a 3-month study, groups of 10 male and 10 female Wistar rats were dosed by gavage, 5 times per week, with acrylic acid at doses of 150 or 375 mg/kg body weight. Five male and five female rats in the low-dose group died and six males and nine females given 375 mg/kg died. Pathological examination revealed a dose-dependent pronounced irritation in the forestomach and glandular stomach with ulcerations and purulent rhinitides and tubular necroses. Therefore, in comparison with drinking water administration using approximately equivalent doses (2000 or 5000 ppm; see below), administration by gavage was determined not to be suitable for long-term studies using as high as possible doses...
January 1993: Food and Chemical Toxicology
P S Mayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1966: IMJ. Illinois Medical Journal
U Lask
Allergic rhinitides are the most common immunological diseases seen by the ENT specialist. A differentiation is made between seasonal and perennial rhinopathia allergica. For the establishment of the diagnosis, considerable importance attaches to careful history taking. Further evidence as to the triggering allergen is obtained by a variety of skin tests, where, in cases of doubt, the suspected allergen can be verified by means of a rhinomanometrically controlled intranasal test. By means of various in vitro examinations, serum antibodies can be detected...
April 20, 1990: Fortschritte der Medizin
B Wüthrich
Among the perennial rhinitides three forms should be distinguished because of therapeutic and prophylactic consequences: allergic, nonallergic eosinophilic (NARES syndrome) and nonallergic non-eosinophilic (vasomotor) rhinitis. Their distinction is based on history as well as on clinical criteria and allergy tests, necessitating an optimal collaboration between the general practitioner, the otorhinolaryngologist and the clinical immunologist. The therapeutic approach to the three forms is outlined.
April 2, 1991: Schweizerische Rundschau Für Medizin Praxis, Revue Suisse de Médecine Praxis
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