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Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
Angélica Garzón Umerenkova, Jesús de la Fuente Arias, José Manuel Martínez-Vicente, Lucía Zapata Sevillano, Mari Carmen Pichardo, Ana Belén García-Berbén
Background: The aim of the study was to psychometrically characterize the Spanish Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SSSRQ) through Rasch analysis. Materials and Methods: 831 Spaniard university students (262 men), between 17 and 39 years of age and ranging from the first to the 5th year of studies, completed the SSSRQ questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was carried out in order to establish structural adequacy. Afterward, by means of the Rasch model, a study of each sub scale was conducted to test for dimensionality, fit of the sample questions, functionality of the response categories, reliability and estimation of Differential Item Functioning by gender and course...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Antonio Preti, Marcello Vellante, Donatella R Petretto
INTRODUCTION: The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test (hereafter: Eyes Test) is considered an advanced task of the Theory of Mind aimed at assessing the performance of the participant in perspective-takingthat is, the ability to sense or understand other people's cognitive and emotional states. In this study, the item response theory analysis was applied to the adult version of the Eyes Test. METHODS: The Italian version of the Eyes Test was administered to 200 undergraduate students of both genders (males = 46%)...
March 13, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Sonja Mötteli, Jana Barbey, Carmen Keller, Tamara Bucher, Michael Siegrist
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a brief scale to assess knowledge about the energy content of meals for adults in Switzerland. METHODS: Based on a random sample, the scale was developed using a Rasch model approach. To assess validity and reliability, the model was replicated and scores were compared with another nutrition knowledge measure and with dietitian trainees' scores. A test-retest was performed. RESULTS: Survey studies included 477, 505, and 136 participants from the general population and 59 dietician trainees...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Irma W E M van Dijk, Sophie C Huijskens, Rianne de Jong, Jorrit Visser, Raquel Dávila Fajardo, Coen R N Rasch, Tanja Alderliesten, Arjan Bel
BACKGROUND: Pediatric safety margins are generally based on data from adult studies; however, adult-based margins might be too large for children. The aim of this study was to quantify and compare interfractional organ position variation in children and adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For 35 children and 35 adults treated with thoracic/abdominal irradiation, 850 (range 5-30 per patient) retrospectively collected cone beam CT images were registered to the reference CT that was used for radiation treatment planning purposes...
March 10, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Geofrey Nimrod Sigalla, Vibeke Rasch, Tine Gammeltoft, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, Jane Rogathi, Rachel Manongi, Declare Mushi
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem with negative health consequences for women and their pregnancies. While social support has a protective effect against IPV and reduces health consequences of violence, its association with experiencing IPV during pregnancy remain less explored. In our study we aimed to determine the effect of social support on IPV during pregnancy among women attending antenatal care in Moshi, Tanzania METHODS: The study was part of a prospective cohort study that assessed the impact of violence on reproductive health of 1,116 participants...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
Mendwas Dzingina, Irene J Higginson, Paul McCrone, Fliss E M Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Generic preference-based measures are commonly used to estimate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) to inform resource-allocation decisions. However, concerns have been raised that generic measures may be inappropriate in palliative care. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to derive a health-state classification system that is amenable to valuation from the ten-item Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS), a widely used patient-reported outcome measure in palliative care...
March 7, 2017: Patient
Björn Rasch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Brain and Language
Jane E Mahoney, Lindy Clemson, Amy Schlotthauer, Karin A Mack, Terry Shea, Vicki Gobel, Sandy Cech
Falls among older adults result in substantial morbidity and mortality. Community-based programs have been shown to decrease the rate of falls. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a research study to determine how to successfully disseminate the evidence-based fall prevention program (Stepping On) in the community setting. As the first step for this study, a panel of subject matter experts was convened to suggest which parts of the Stepping On fall prevention program were considered key elements, which could not be modified by implementers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Li-Ling Liao, Fei Ling Wu, Pei-Lin Hsieh, Hsiao-Jung Chen
The study aimed to illustrate the constructs and test the psychometric properties of an instrument of health literacy competencies (IOHLC) for health professionals. A multi-phase questionnaire development method was used to develop the scale. The categorization of the knowledge and practice domains achieved consensus through a modified Delphi process. To reduce the number of items, the 92-item IOHLC was psychometrically evaluated through internal consistency, Rasch modeling, and two-stage factor analysis. In total, 736 practitioners, including nurses, nurse practitioners, health educators, case managers, and dieticians completed the 92-item IOHLC online from May 2012 to January 2013...
2017: PloS One
Yiding Li, Jiamin Xu, Yafeng Liu, Jia Zhu, Nan Liu, Wenbo Zeng, Ning Huang, Malte J Rasch, Haifei Jiang, Xiang Gu, Xiang Li, Minhua Luo, Chengyu Li, Junlin Teng, Jianguo Chen, Shaoqun Zeng, Longnian Lin, Xiaohui Zhang
Lateral and medial parts of entorhinal cortex (EC) convey nonspatial 'what' and spatial 'where' information, respectively, into hippocampal CA1, via both the indirect EC layer 2→ hippocampal dentate gyrus→CA3→CA1 and the direct EC layer 3→CA1 paths. However, it remains elusive how the direct path transfers distinct information and contributes to hippocampal learning functions. Here we report that lateral EC projection neurons selectively form direct excitatory synapses onto a subpopulation of morphologically complex, calbindin-expressing pyramidal cells (PCs) in the dorsal CA1 (dCA1), while medial EC neurons uniformly innervate all dCA1 PCs...
March 6, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND : The Family Medicine (FM) Milestones are a framework designed to assess development of residents in key dimensions of physician competency. Residency programs use the milestones in semiannual reviews of resident performance from entry toward graduation. OBJECTIVE : To examine the functioning and reliability of the FM Milestones and to determine whether they measure the amount of a latent trait (eg, knowledge or ability) possessed by a resident or simply indicate where a resident falls along the training sequence...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Tara L Packham, Joseph C Cappelleri, Alesia Sadosky, Joy C MacDermid, Florian Brunner
BACKGROUND: painDETECT (PD-Q) is a self-reported assessment of pain qualities developed as a screening tool for pain of neuropathic origin. Rasch analysis is a strategy for examining the measurement characteristics of a scale using a form of item response theory. We conducted a Rasch analysis to consider if the scoring and measurement properties of PD-Q would support its use as an outcome measure. METHODS: Rasch analysis was conducted on PD-Q scores drawn from a cross-sectional study of the burden and costs of NeP...
March 4, 2017: BMC Neurology
Daniel Wedekind, Alexander Trumpp, Frederik Gaetjen, Stefan Rasche, Klaus Matschke, Hagen Malberg, Sebastian Zaunseder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Antonetta C Houweling, Koen Crama, Jorrit Visser, Kyohei Fukata, Coen R N Rasch, Tatsuya Ohno, Arjan Bel, Astrid van der Horst
Radiotherapy using charged particles is characterized by a low dose to the surrounding healthy organs, while delivering a high dose to the tumor. However, interfractional anatomical changes can greatly affect the robustness of particle therapy. Therefore, we compared the dosimetric impact of interfractional anatomical changes (i.e. body contour differences and gastrointestinal gas volume changes) in photon, proton and carbon ion therapy for pancreatic cancer patients. In this retrospective planning study, photon, proton and carbon ion treatment plans were created for 9 patients...
March 2, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Julie Bøjstrup Nielsen, Julie Nyholm Kyvsgaard, Stine Møller Sildorf, Svend Kreiner, Jannet Svensson
BACKGROUND: Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) has a negative impact on psychological and overall well-being. Screening for Health-related Quality of Life (HrQoL) and addressing HrQoL issues in the clinic leads to improved well-being and metabolic outcomes. The aim of this study was to translate the generic and diabetes-specific validated multinational DISABKIDS® questionnaires into Danish, and then determine their validity and reliability. METHODS: The questionnaires were translated using a validated translation procedure and completed by 99 children and adolescents from our diabetes-department; all diagnosed with T1D and were aged between 8 and 18 years old...
March 1, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
S Reslan, C Z Kalpakjian, R A Hanks, S R Millis, C H Bombardier
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine whether alcohol use disorders should be conceptualized categorically as abuse and dependence as in the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' 4th edition or on a single continuum with mild to severe category ratings as in the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' 5th edition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: United States of America...
February 28, 2017: Spinal Cord
Kristian Kniha, Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Florian Peters, Tsanko Yovev, Manuel Räsch, Andreas Prescher, Frank Hölzle, Ali Modabber
When we use implants the aesthetic appearance of the patient is dependent to a large extent on identification of factors that influence the presence of interdental papillae. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different non-invasive measurements to indicate the top of the interdental papilla on dental radiographs. The sample comprised six fresh, partly edentulous cadavers. The distance from the level of the interproximal bone next to the tip of the papilla was measured (n=330) on standard radiographic images...
February 24, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Jayaprakash Raman, Joy C MacDermid, David Walton, George S Athwal
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study. INTRODUCTION: Multiple studies have evaluated the psychometric properties of the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) through traditional methods supporting it as valid and reliable. Since the evidentiary pool supporting the use of the SST has only partially addressed key measurement properties and the development of SST pre-dates the common use of Rasch model, validation of SST has become a necessity to establish as a reliable and valid PRO for shoulder conditions...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Bradley E Dougherty, San-San L Cooley, Frederick H Davidorf
PURPOSE: To validate the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using Rasch analysis. METHODS: Study participants with AMD were recruited from the retina service of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Ohio State University during clinical visits for treatment or observation. Visual acuity with habitual distance correction was assessed. A 10-item version of the PSS was administered in large print or by reading the items to the patient...
March 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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