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Wssv ie1 promoter

Chuanqi Wang, Lingwei Ruan, Hong Shi, Xun Xu
The Wnt signaling mediated by Wnt proteins that orchestrate and influence a myriad of cellular processes, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, tumorigenesis, apoptosis, and participation in immune defense during microbe infection. Wnt5b is one of the Wnt signaling molecules that initiate the cascade. In this study, we cloned and characterized a Wnt5b homolog from Litopenaeus vannamei designed as LvWnt5b. The full length of LvWnt5b transcript was 1726 bp with an 1107 bp open reading frame that encoded a 368 aa protein, which contained 24 discontinuous and highly conserved cysteine...
March 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ping-Han Huang, Ting-Yi Huang, Pei-Si Cai, Li-Kwan Chang
Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a multifunctional zinc finger transcription factor that regulates many key cellular processes. In this study, we report the cloning of YY1 from Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp (LvYY1). This study shows that LvYY1 is ubiquitously expressed in shrimp tissues, and knockdown of LvYY1 expression by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) injection in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-infected shrimp reduced both mRNA levels of the WSSV immediate early gene ie1 as well as overall copy numbers of the WSSV genome...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
Defu Yao, Lingwei Ruan, Huasong Lu, Hong Shi, Xun Xu
STATs are a family of transcription factors that regulate a cascade of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and immune responses. However, they are usually targeted by viruses to assist infection. In this study, we identified that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) immediate-early protein IE1 interacted with Litopenaeus vannamei STAT (LvSTAT) and thereby led to its phosphorylation activation. In addition, we demonstrated that LvSTAT could bind to the promoters of the viral immediate-early genes wsv051 and ie1 through STAT-binding motifs in vitro and vivo, allowing the enhancement of their promoters' activities...
December 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiaopeng Xu, Jia Yuan, Linwei Yang, Shaoping Weng, Jianguo He, Hongliang Zuo
miR-1959, a novel microRNA identified from Litopenaeus vannamei, mediates a positive feedback loop between Dorsal and Cactus that can continuously maintain the activation of the NF-κB pathway. It has been known that miR-1959 is involved in antibacterial immunity in shrimp, but its function in antiviral responses is still unknown. In this study, we focused on the role of miR-1959 in infection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the major viral pathogen in shrimp worldwide. The expression of miR-1959 in shrimp hemocytes, gill, and hepatopancreas was significantly up-regulated upon WSSV infection...
September 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yingli Shi, Jianhai Xiang, Guangzhou Zhou, Tetsuzan Benny Ron, Hsin-I Tong, Wen Kang, Si Sun, Yuanan Lu
A newly isolated Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) beta-actin promoter SbaP and its derivative compact construct SbaP (ENX) have recently been demonstrated to promote ectopic gene expression in vitro and in vivo. To further explore the potential transduction application, this newly isolated shrimp promoter SbaP was comparatively tested with cytomegalovirus (CMV), simian virus 40 (SV40), polyhedrin (Polh), and white spot syndrome virus immediate early gene 1 (WSSV ie1) four constitutive promoters and a beta-actin promoter (TbaP) from tilapia fish to characterize its promoting function in eight different cell lines...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Jingping Ge, Qi An, Dongni Gao, Ying Liu, Wenxiang Ping
Recombinant baculoviruses with different promoter and regulatory elements were constructed to enhance the expression of target protein and boost the efficacies of avian influenza vaccine. Hemagglutinin gene was cloned into the baculovirus transfer vectors driven by cytomegaloviru (CMV) and White spot syndrome virus immediate-early promoter one (WSSV ie1) promoter respectively, with different regulatory elements. The recombinant baculoviruses were directly used as vaccines to immunize specific pathogen-free chickens...
April 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jayesh Puthumana, Rosamma Philip, I S Bright Singh
It has been realized that shrimp cell immortalization may not be accomplished without in vitro transformation by expressing immortalizing gene in cells. In this process, efficiency of transgene expression is confined to the ability of vectors to transmit gene of interests to the genome. Over the years, unavailability of such vectors has been hampering application of such a strategy in shrimp cells. We report the use of recombinant baculovirus mediated transduction using hybrid promoter system for transgene expression in lymphoid cells of Penaeus monodon...
August 2016: Cytotechnology
Muting Yan, Junliang Tang, Qianhui Liang, Guohua Zhu, Haoyang Li, Chaozheng Li, Shaoping Weng, Jianguo He, Xiaopeng Xu
Death domain-associated factor 6 (Daxx) is a Fas-binding protein that mediates the activation of Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway and Fas-induced apoptosis. In this study, a crustacean Daxx (LvDaxx) was firstly cloned and identified from Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. The LvDaxx cDNA was 2644 bp in length with an Open Reading Frame (ORF) of 2217 bp. Sequence analysis indicated that LvDaxx contained a single Daxx domain and two nuclear localization signals (NLSs) and shared a similarity with Drosophila melanogaster Daxx...
August 2015: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Syed Khader Syed Musthaq, Jimmy Kwang
Invertebrates lack true adaptive immunity and it solely depends on the primitive immunity called innate immunity. However, various innate immune molecules and mechanisms are identified in shrimp that plays potential role against invading bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens. Perceiving the shrimp innate immune mechanisms will contribute in developing effective vaccine strategies against major shrimp pathogens. Hence this review intends to explore the innate immune molecules of shrimp with suitable experimental evidences together with the evolution of "specific immune priming" of invertebrates...
February 2015: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Ping-Han Huang, Shao-Chia Lu, Shu-Han Yang, Pei-Si Cai, Chu-Fang Lo, Li-Kwan Chang
Kruppel-like factors (KLFs) belong to a subclass of Cys2/His2 zinc-finger DNA-binding proteins, and act as important regulators with diverse roles in cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and tumorigenesis. Our previous research showed that PmKLF from Penaeus monodon is crucial for white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection, yet the mechanisms by which PmKLF influences WSSV infection remain unclear. This study cloned KLF from Litopenaeus vannamei (LvKLF), which had 93% similarity with PmKLF...
October 2014: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Syed Khader Syed Musthaq, Jimmy Kwang
Invertebrates lack true adaptive immunity and it solely depends on the primitive immunity called innate immunity. However, various innate immune molecules and mechanisms are identified in shrimp that plays potential role against invading bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens. Perceiving the shrimp innate immune mechanisms will contribute in developing effective vaccine strategies against major shrimp pathogens. Hence this review intends to explore the innate immune molecules of shrimp with suitable experimental evidences together with the evolution of "specific immune priming" of invertebrates...
October 2014: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Wei Qiu, Shuang Zhang, Yong-Gui Chen, Pei-Hui Wang, Xiao-Peng Xu, Chao-zheng Li, Yi-Hong Chen, Wen-Zhou Fan, Hui Yan, Shao-Ping Weng, Siuming FrancisChan, Jian-Guo He
Many viruses can hijack the host cell NF-κB as part of their life cycle, diverting NF-κB immune regulatory functions to favor their replications. There were several reports on the functions of Litopenaeus vannamei NF-κB (LvNF-κB) in White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) replication in vitro. Here, we studied the relationship between LvNF-κB family protein Dorsal (LvDorsal) and Relish (LvRelish) with WSSV replication in vivo. The expressions of LvDorsal and LvRelish were significantly upregulated by WSSV challenge...
July 2014: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Chaozheng Li, Jiaoting Chai, Haoyang Li, Hongliang Zuo, Sheng Wang, Wei Qiu, Shaoping Weng, Jianguo He, Xiaopeng Xu
Pellino, named after its property that binds Pelle (the Drosophila melanogaster homolog of IRAK1), is a highly conserved E3 class ubiquitin ligase in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Pellino interacts with phosphorylated IRAK1, causing polyubiquitination of IRAK1, and plays a critical upstream role in the toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway. In this study, we firstly cloned and identified a crustacean Pellino from pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (LvPellino). LvPellino contains a putative N-terminal forkhead-associated (FHA) domain and a C-terminal ring finger (RING) domain with a potential E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, and shows a high similarity with D...
June 2014: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Jingping Ge, Liying Jin, Xiaoyan Tang, Dongni Gao, Qi An, Wenxiang Ping
The baculovirus gene expression system is an efficient and safe protein expression system, since baculoviruses cannot replicate in mammalian cells. In order to improve the transduction efficiency and increase the reporter gene expression levels delivered by baculoviruses, we tested in the baculovirus expression cassette the Woodchuck hepatitis virus response element (WPRE), and AAV-derived inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) and the truncated vesicular stomatitis virus G protein (VSV-GED). The results showed that WPRE and VSV-GED have synergistic effects and could enhance the expression efficiency of enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP), and that ITRs effectively extended the duration of eGFP expression...
March 10, 2014: Journal of Biotechnology
Guoda Ma, Li Yu, Qian Wang, Wei Liu, Yudong Cui, Jimmy Kwang
BACKGROUND: The WSSV immediate early gene ie1 is highly expressed throughout viral infection cycle and may play a central role in initiating viral replication during infection. RESULTS: Here, a detailed characterization of the ie1 promoter was performed using deletion and mutation analyses to elucidate the role of the individual promoter motifs. Three results were obtained: 1) the ie1 promoter is a classical eukaryotic promoter that contains the initiator element (Inr) and TATA box responsible for the basal promoter activity; 2) mutation or truncation of a predicted Sp1 site decreased the level of promoter activity by about 3-fold, indicating that the Sp1 site is an important cis-element of the promoter; and 3) truncation of a 12-bp sequence that resides at -78/-67 of the ie1 promoter decreased the level of promoter activity by about 14-fold, indicating that the 12-bp motif is a critical upstream element of the ie1 promoter for binding of a strong transcription factor to drive the ie1 gene expression in the cells...
2012: Virology Journal
Musthaq S Syed, Jimmy Kwang
White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) is an infectious pathogen of shrimp and other crustaceans, and neither effective vaccines nor adequate treatments are currently available. WSSV is an enveloped dsDNA virus, and one of its major envelope proteins, VP28, plays a pivotal role in WSSV infection. In an attempt to develop a vaccine against WSSV, we inserted the VP28 gene into a baculovirus vector tailored to express VP28 on the baculovirus surface under the WSSV ie1 promoter (Bac-VP28). The Bac-VP28 incorporated abundant quantity (65...
2011: PloS One
Pei-Hui Wang, Zhi-Hua Gu, Ding-Hui Wan, Ming-Yan Zhang, Shao-Ping Weng, Xiao-Qiang Yu, Jian-Guo He
The Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated NF-κB pathway is essential for defending against viruses in insects and mammals. Viruses also develop strategies to utilize this pathway to benefit their infection and replication in mammal hosts. In invertebrates, the TLR-mediated NF-κB pathway has only been well-studied in insects and has been demonstrated to be important in antiviral responses. However, there are few reports of interactions between viruses and the TLR-mediated NF-κB pathway in invertebrate hosts. Here, we studied Litopenaeus vannamei Pelle, which is the central regulator of the Toll pathway, and proposed that a similar TLR/MyD88/Tube/Pelle/TRAF6/NF-κB cascade may exist in shrimp for immune gene regulation...
2011: PloS One
Yi Mu, Jiang-Feng Lan, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Xian-Wei Wang, Xiao-Fan Zhao, Jin-Xing Wang
White spot disease caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) leads to devastating losses in shrimp farming. The WSSV envelope protein VP28, can be used as subunit vaccines that can efficiently protect shrimp against WSSV disease. However, the function of the envelope protein VP19 was not confirmed, some researches found that VP19 could protect shrimp against WSSV, and other reports found it no any protection. To detect the functions of VP28 and VP19 and find a method to prevent this disease in red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii, we constructed the plasmid vectors pIevp28 and pIevp19, which contains the ie1 promoter and coding region of vp28 or vp19 of WSSV, respectively...
February 2012: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Tao Meng, Annasaheb B Kolpe, Tanja K Kiener, Vincent T K Chow, Jimmy Kwang
BACKGROUND: Human Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a common cause of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in young children. It is often associated with severe neurological diseases and has caused high mortalities in recent outbreaks across the Asia Pacific region. Currently, there is no effective vaccine and antiviral agents available against EV71 infections. VP1 is one of the major immunogenic capsid protein of EV71 and plays a crucial role in viral infection. Antibodies against VP1 are important for virus neutralization...
2011: PloS One
Wang-Jing Liu, Yun-Shiang Chang, Wei-Tung Huang, I-Tung Chen, K C Han-Ching Wang, Guang-Hsiung Kou, Chu-Fang Lo
We show here that the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) immediate-early protein IE1 interacts with the Penaeus monodon TATA box-binding protein (PmTBP) and that this protein-protein interaction occurs in the absence of any other viral or cellular proteins or nucleic acids, both in vitro and in vivo. Mapping studies using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion proteins containing truncations of IE1 and PmTBP delimited the interacting regions to amino acids (aa) 81 to 180 in IE1 and, except for aa 171 to 230, to aa 111 to 300 in PmTBP...
July 2011: Journal of Virology
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