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Tilapia promoter

Jun Chen, Xujian Qiu, Gengxin Hao, Meng Zhang, Wuyin Weng
BACKGROUND: With the continuous improvement in material life, the generation of fish by-products and the market demand for calcium supplements have been increasing in China. Therefore a calcium-chelating peptide complex (CPC) from tilapia skins was prepared and its effect on calcium (Ca)-deficient mice was investigated. RESULTS: The molecular weight distribution of CPC mainly ranged from 2000 to 180 Da, and its contents of complete amino acids and free amino acids were 85...
April 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Chao-Chao Du, Man-Jun Yang, Min-Yi Li, Jun Yang, Bo Peng, Hui Li, Xuan-Xian Peng
Crucial metabolites that modulate hosts' metabolome to eliminate bacterial pathogens have been documented, but the metabolic mechanisms are largely unknown. The present study explores the metabolic mechanism for l-leucine-induced metabolome to eliminate Streptococcus iniae in tilapia. GC-MS-based metabolomics was used to investigate the tilapia liver metabolic profile in the presence of exogenous l-leucine. Thirty-seven metabolites of differential abundance were determined, and 11 metabolic pathways were enriched...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
Zhenhua Fan, Linyan Liu, Xiaohuan Huang, Yang Zhao, Linyan Zhou, Deshou Wang, Jing Wei
Embryonic stem (ES) cells provide an invaluable tool for molecular analysis of vertebrate development and a bridge linking genomic manipulations in vitro and functional analysis of target genes in vivo. Work towards fish ES cells so far has focused on zebrafish (Danio renio) and medaka (Oryzias latipes). Here we describe the derivation, pluripotency, differentiation and growth responses of ES cell lines from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), a world-wide commercial farmed fish. These cell lines, designated as TES1-3, were initiated from blastomeres of Nile tilapia middle blastula embryos (MBE)...
February 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
Sarah O Makled, Amira M Hamdan, Abdel-Fattah M El-Sayed, Elsayed E Hafez
Marine environment represents a promising source of new, unconventional bioactive compounds with health-promoting abilities, which can be used as food supplements. The present study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of marine Psychrobacter namhaensis SO89 on growth performance and immune response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). P. namhaensis were isolated from marine environments and phylogenetically identified by 16S rRNA gene sequences. The bacterial isolate was incorporated in Nile tilapia diets (30% crude protein) at three concentrations (0...
February 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Qixiao Zhai, Leilei Yu, Tianqi Li, Jiamin Zhu, Chengcheng Zhang, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Wei Chen
The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is a hazardous pollutant that exerts various toxic effects on aquatic animals. The biomagnifying effects of this non-essential element in the food chain also pose threats to human health. In this study, the protective effect of a dietary probiotic supplementation, Lactobacillus plantarum CCFM8610, on the intestinal microbiota and physiological conditions of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to waterborne Cd was evaluated. Two hundred fish were divided into four groups, i...
April 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Peipei Yan, Jirong Jia, Guokun Yang, Dongfang Wang, Caiyun Sun, Wensheng Li
In vertebrates, the neuropeptide Y (NPY) family peptides have been recognized as key players in food intake regulation. NPY centrally promotes feeding, while peptide YY (PYY) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) mediate satiety. The teleost tetraploidization is well-known to generate duplicates of both NPY and PYY; however, the functional diversification between the duplicate genes, especially in the regulation of food intake, remains unknown. In this study, we identified the two duplicates of NPY and PYY in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)...
February 2017: Peptides
Maria Lúcia G Monteiro, Eliane T Mársico, Manoel S Soares, Amanda O Magalhães, Anna Carolina V C S Canto, Bruno R C Costa-Lima, Thiago S Alvares, Carlos A Conte
Physicochemical parameters of pasta enriched with tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) flour were investigated. Five formulations were prepared with different concentrations of tilapia flour as partial substitute of wheat flour: pasta without tilapia flour (PTF0%), pasta with 6% (PTF6%), 12% (PTF12%), 17% (PTF17%), and 23% (PTF23%) of tilapia flour. The formulations were assessed for proximate composition, fatty acid and amino acid profile on day 1 whereas, instrumental color parameters (L*, a* and b* values), pH, water activity (aw), and lipid and protein oxidation were evaluated on days 1, 7, 14, and 21 of storage at 25°C...
2016: PloS One
Zhao-Hai Zeng, Chao-Chao Du, Shi-Rao Liu, Hui Li, Xuan-Xian Peng, Bo Peng
We have recently reported that the survival of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, during Edwardsiella tarda infection is tightly associated with their metabolome, where the survived O. niloticus has distinct metabolomic profile to dying O. niloticus. Glucose is the key metabolite to distinguish the survival- and dying-metabolome. More importantly, exogenous administration of glucose to the fish greatly enhances their survival for the infection, indicating the functional roles of glucose in metabolome repurposing, known as reprogramming metabolomics...
February 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jun Qiang, Yi-Fan Tao, Jie He, Pao Xu, Jin-Wen Bao, Yi-Lan Sun
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by binding to the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the target mRNA. MiRNAs regulate a large variety of genes, including those involved in liver homeostasis and energy metabolism. Down-regulated levels of hepatic miR-122 were found in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to cadmium (Cd) stress. Here, we report for the first time that reduction of miR-122 post-transcriptionally increased metallothionein (MT) mRNA levels by binding to its 3'UTR, as shown by a 3' UTR luciferase reporter assay...
January 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Abeer Hassanin, Yoshio Kaminishi, Takao Itakura
This study planned to isolation and characterization of AKR1A1 cDNA from Bap injected nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), comparison of its characteristic structures with those of other species, characterization of AKR1A1 gene and promoter, and investigation of AKR1A1 mRNA expression in various organs of Bap injected tilapia. The cDNA was 1172 bp long which includes an open reading frame of 975 bp encoding a 324 amino acids protein and a stop codon. The sequence showed 3' and 5' non-coding regions of 179 and 18 bp...
January 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Zi Yi Wan, Jun Hong Xia, Grace Lin, Le Wang, Valerie C L Lin, Gen Hua Yue
Sexual dimorphism is an interesting biological phenomenon. Previous studies showed that DNA methylation might play a role in sexual dimorphism. However, the overall picture of the genome-wide methylation landscape in sexually dimorphic species remains unclear. We analyzed the DNA methylation landscape and transcriptome in hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) using whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) and RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). We found 4,757 sexually dimorphic differentially methylated regions (DMRs), with significant clusters of DMRs located on chromosomal regions associated with sex determination...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
ChangGeng Yang, Ming Jiang, Fan Wu, Lijuan Yu, Juan Tian, Wei Liu, Xing Lu, Hua Wen
C-type lectin, which plays an important role in fish innate immunity, was cloned from tilapia and its functional characterization under low-temperature stress is reported. Its ORF is 453 bp, encoding 150 amino acids, and has a 5'UTR of 83 bp, a 3'UTR of 559 bp, and a poly (A) tail. The tilapia C-type lectin genomic DNA was acquired with a length of 5714 bp, containing six exons and five introns. Its promoter sequence was cloned and has a length of 2251 bp. The highest promoter activity occurs in the regulatory region (-900 bp to -450 bp)...
November 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Eduardo Adilson Orlando, Aline Gabriela Costa Roque, Marcos Eliseu Losekann, Ana Valéria Colnaghi Simionato
Despite the benefits to fish farmers, the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture has concerned consumers and competent authorities. The indiscriminate use of such substances promotes the emergence of resistant microorganisms, decreases the effectiveness of treatments, and causes possible toxic effects in humans. In Brazil, florfenicol is the only antimicrobial registered for use in aquaculture and is often used in tilapia in cage creation. Thus, this study aimed to develop a method for determination of florfenicol residues and its metabolite florfenicol amine in tilapia fillet by UPLC-MS/MS...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ahmed A Tayel
Processed fish products are worthy sources to supply man with his main nutritional needs, but they are extremely susceptible to quality loss during storage. Microbial (fungal) chitosan is a bioactive polymer that has numerous applications in health promoting fields. Fungal chitosan was extracted from the grown mycelia of Aspergillus brasiliensis (niger) to investigate its potential role as antimicrobial, preservative and quality improvement agent, in processed fish sausages from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)...
December 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Li-Xue Sun, Yi-Ya Wang, Yan Zhao, Hui Wang, Ning Li, Xiang Shan Ji
In some fish species, high or low temperature can switch the sex determination mechanisms and induce fish sex reversal when the gonads are undifferentiated. During this high or low temperature-induced sex reversal, the expressions of many genes are altered. However, genome-wide DNA methylation changes in fish gonads after high or low temperature treatment are unclear. Herein, we compared the global DNA methylation changes in the gonads from control females (CF), control males (CM), high temperature-treated females (TF), and high temperature-induced males (IM) from the F8 family of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequencing...
2016: PloS One
Jonathan D Douros, David A Baltzegar, Jamie Mankiewicz, Jordan Taylor, Yoko Yamaguchi, Darren T Lerner, Andre P Seale, E Gordon Grau, Jason P Breves, Russell J Borski
Leptin is an important cytokine for regulating energy homeostasis, however, relatively little is known about its function and control in teleost fishes or other ectotherms, particularly with regard to interactions with the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) growth regulatory axis. Here we assessed the regulation of LepA, the dominant paralog in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and other teleosts under altered nutritional state, and evaluated how LepA might alter pituitary growth hormone (GH) and hepatic insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) that are known to be disparately regulated by metabolic state...
January 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Samah R Khalil, Yasser Abd Elhakim, Abd Elhakeem El-Murr
Increase in consumption of consumer items such as plasticizers have resulted in a sharp rise in the presence of xenobiotics like phthalic acid esters (PEs) in freshwater and marine environments due to contaminated runoff and improper release of effluents. The sublethal toxicity of Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) was investigated in juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in an attempt to determine the biological effect of exposure to 1/2 and 1/3 median lethal concentration (96-h LC50) which, in our study was experimentally determined to be 11...
February 2016: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Yingli Shi, Jianhai Xiang, Guangzhou Zhou, Tetsuzan Benny Ron, Hsin-I Tong, Wen Kang, Si Sun, Yuanan Lu
A newly isolated Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) beta-actin promoter SbaP and its derivative compact construct SbaP (ENX) have recently been demonstrated to promote ectopic gene expression in vitro and in vivo. To further explore the potential transduction application, this newly isolated shrimp promoter SbaP was comparatively tested with cytomegalovirus (CMV), simian virus 40 (SV40), polyhedrin (Polh), and white spot syndrome virus immediate early gene 1 (WSSV ie1) four constitutive promoters and a beta-actin promoter (TbaP) from tilapia fish to characterize its promoting function in eight different cell lines...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Jun Hu, Chao Ran, Suxu He, Yanan Cao, Bin Yao, Yuantu Ye, Xuezhen Zhang, Zhigang Zhou
The present study evaluated the effects of dietary microbial phytase on the growth and gut health of hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus ♀×Oreochromis aureus ♂), focusing on the effect on intestinal histology, adhesive microbiota and expression of immune-related cytokine genes. Tilapia were fed either control diet or diet supplemented with microbial phytase (1000 U/kg). Each diet was randomly assigned to four groups of fish reared in cages (3×3×2 m). After 12 weeks of feeding, weight gain and feed conversion ratio of tilapia were not significantly improved by dietary microbial phytase supplementation...
June 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Tian Zhou, Nanping Wang, Yang Xue, Tingting Ding, Xin Liu, Xiumei Mo, Jiao Sun
The development of biomaterials with the ability to induce skin wound healing is a great challenge in biomedicine. In this study, tilapia skin collagen sponge and electrospun nanofibers were developed for wound dressing. The collagen sponge was composed of at least two α-peptides. It did not change the number of spleen-derived lymphocytes in BALB/c mice, the ratio of CD4(+)/CD8(+) lymphocytes, and the level of IgG or IgM in Sprague-Dawley rats. The tensile strength and contact angle of collagen nanofibers were 6...
July 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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