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cmv promoter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317866/cyclooxygenase-2-facilitates-dengue-virus-replication-and-serves-as-a-potential-target-for-developing-antiviral-agents
#1
Chun-Kuang Lin, Chin-Kai Tseng, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Chuang Liaw, Chun-Yu Lin, Chung-Hao Huang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Jin-Ching Lee
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is one of the important mediators of inflammation in response to viral infection, and it contributes to viral replication, for example, cytomegalovirus or hepatitis C virus replication. The role of COX-2 in dengue virus (DENV) replication remains unclear. In the present study, we observed an increased level of COX-2 in patients with dengue fever compared with healthy donors. Consistent with the clinical data, an elevated level of COX-2 expression was also observed in DENV-infected ICR suckling mice...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303930/hcmv-encoded-mir-ul112-3p-promotes-glioblastoma-progression-via-tumour-suppressor-candidate-3
#2
Qing Liang, Kejia Wang, Bin Wang, Qiliang Cai
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most prevalent and lethal type of primary malignant brain tumour. Recent studies suggest that the discovery of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) might play a role in the pathogenesis of diseases, including GBM. In this study, we aimed to analyse the expression and function of HCMV-encoded miRNAs in GBM. We found that miR-UL112-3p expression was significantly elevated in GBM, and its expression levels were highly associated with glioma size, differentiation, WHO stage and the overall and disease-free survival of patients...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301551/development-of-the-full-length-cdna-clones-of-two-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-disease-virus-isolates-with-different-virulence
#3
Jie Li, Zhonghui Jin, Yueyi Gao, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Xin Guo, Jun Han, Hanchun Yang
The recently emerged highly virulent variants of porcine epidemic and diarrhea virus (PEDV) remain a huge threat to the worldwide swine industry. Here, we describe the development of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) reverse genetics system for PEDV based on two recent Chinese field isolates, namely CHM2013 and BJ2011C. Phylogenetically, CHM2013 is closely related to the vaccine strain SM98 whereas the isolate BJ2011C belongs to the GIIb group, a cluster that contains many recent pandemic strains. The full-length cDNA clones of the two isolates were constructed into BAC under the control of CMV promoter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294067/the-infectious-etiology-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Marta Sochocka, Katarzyna Zwolińska, Jerzy Leszek
Inflammation is a part of the first line of defense of the body against invasive pathogens, and plays a crucial role in tissue regeneration and repair. A proper inflammatory response ensures the suitable resolution of inflammation and elimination of harmful stimuli, but when the inflammatory reactions are inappropriate it can lead to damage of the surrounding normal cells. The relationship between infections and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) etiology, especially late-onset AD (LOAD) has been continuously debated over the past three decades...
March 13, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289860/the-pd-l1-pd-1-pathway-promotes-dysfunction-but-not-exhaustion-in-tumor-responding-t-cells-from-pleural-effusions-in-lung-cancer-patients
#5
Heriberto Prado-Garcia, Susana Romero-Garcia, Alejandra Puerto-Aquino, Uriel Rumbo-Nava
Malignant pleural effusions are frequent in patients with advanced stages of lung cancer and are commonly infiltrated by lymphocytes and tumor cells. CD8+ T cells from these effusions have reduced effector functions. The programmed death receptor 1(PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is involved in T-cell exhaustion, and it might be responsible for T-cell dysfunction in lung cancer patients. Here, we show that PD-L1 is expressed on tumor cell samples from malignant effusions, on lung cancer cell lines, and, interestingly, on MRC-5 lung fibroblasts...
March 13, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289097/human-cytomegalovirus-v-cdk-ul97-phosphorylates-and-inactivates-the-retinoblastoma-protein-related-p107-and-p130-proteins
#6
Satoko Iwahori, Angie C Umaña, Halena R VanDeusen, Robert F Kalejta
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded viral cyclin-dependent kinase (v-CDK) UL97 phosphorylates the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor. Here we identify the other Rb family members p107 and p130 as novel targets of UL97. UL97 phosphorylates p107 and p130 thereby inhibiting their ability to repress the E2F-responsive E2F1 promoter. As with Rb, this phosphorylation, and the rescue of E2F-responsive transcription, is dependent on the L1 LXCXE motif in UL97 and its interacting clefts on p107 and p130. Interestingly, UL97 does not induce the disruption of all p107-E2F or p130-E2F complexes, as it does to Rb-E2F complexes...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288457/interferon-dependent-induction-of-clr-b-during-mouse-cytomegalovirus-infection-protects-bystander-cells-from-natural-killer-cells-via-nkr-p1b-mediated-inhibition
#7
Christina L Kirkham, Oscar A Aguilar, Tao Yu, Miho Tanaka, Aruz Mesci, Kuan-Lun Chu, Jason H Fine, Karen L Mossman, Rod Bremner, David S J Allan, James R Carlyle
Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphocytes that aid in self-nonself discrimination by recognizing cells undergoing pathological alterations. The NKR-P1B inhibitory receptor recognizes Clr-b, a self-encoded marker of cell health downregulated during viral infection. Here, we show that Clr-b loss during mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection is predicated by a loss of Clr-b (Clec2d) promoter activity and nascent transcripts, driven in part by MCMV ie3 (M122) activity. In contrast, uninfected bystander cells near MCMV-infected fibroblasts reciprocally upregulate Clr-b expression due to paracrine type-I interferon (IFN) signaling...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261220/dual-role-of-natural-killer-cells-on-graft-rejection-and-control-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-renal-transplantation
#8
REVIEW
Miguel López-Botet, Carlos Vilches, Dolores Redondo-Pachón, Aura Muntasell, Aldi Pupuleku, José Yélamos, Julio Pascual, Marta Crespo
Allograft rejection constitutes a major complication of solid organ transplantation requiring prophylactic/therapeutic immunosuppression, which increases susceptibility of patients to infections and cancer. Beyond the pivotal role of alloantigen-specific T cells and antibodies in the pathogenesis of rejection, natural killer (NK) cells may display alloreactive potential in case of mismatch between recipient inhibitory killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and graft HLA class I molecules. Several studies have addressed the impact of this variable in kidney transplant with conflicting conclusions; yet, increasing evidence supports that alloantibody-mediated NK cell activation via FcγRIIIA (CD16) contributes to rejection...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260093/recombinant-adeno-associated-virus-serotype-9-in-a-mouse-model-of-atherosclerosis-determination-of-the-optimal-expression-time-in%C3%A2-vivo
#9
Qingjie Chen, Hui Zhai, Xiaomei Li, Yitong Ma, Bangdang Chen, Fen Liu, Hongmei Lai, Jia Xie, Chunhui He, Junyi Luo, Jing Gao, Yining Yang
Adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) has been identified as one of the optimal gene transduction carriers for gene therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine the gene transfection efficiency and safety of an AAV9 vector produced using a recombinant baculovirus (rBac)‑based system. AAV9‑cytomegalovirus (CMV)-green fluorescent protein was produced using an rBac system and the resulting vector particles were injected intravenously into mice. Animals were sacrificed at 14, 21, 28, 35, 60, 90 and 120 days following injection...
February 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255357/stat3-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-regulated-lentiviral-tk-gcv-suicide-gene-therapy-for-cisplatin-resistant-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Wei-Ying Kuo, Luen Hwu, Chun-Yi Wu, Jhih-Shian Lee, Chi-Wei Chang, Ren-Shyan Liu
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents approximately 20% of all breast cancers and appears resistance to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, demonstrating a particularly poor prognosis and a significantly worse clinical outcome than other types of cancer. Suicide gene therapy has been used for the in vivo treatment of various solid tumors in recent clinical trials. In tumor microenvironment, STAT3/NF-κB pathways are constitutively activated in stromal cells as well as in cancer stem cells (CSCs)...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251571/survivin-a-radiogenetic-promoter-for-glioblastoma-viral-gene-therapy-independently-from-carg-motifs
#11
George E Naoum, Zeng B Zhu, Donald J Buchsbaum, David T Curiel, Waleed O Arafat
BACKGROUND: Radiogenetic therapy is a novel approach in the treatment of cancer, which employs genetic modification to alter the sensitivity of tumor cells to the effect of applied radiation. AIM: To select a potent radiation inducible promoter in the context of brain tumors and to investigate if CArG radio responsive motifs or other elements in the promoter nucleotide sequences can correlate to its response to radiation. METHODS: To select initial candidates for promoter inducible elements, the levels of mRNA expression of six different promoters were assessed using Quantitative RTPCR in D54 MG cells before and after radiation exposure...
December 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248199/targeting-noncoding-rnas-in-disease
#12
REVIEW
Brian D Adams, Christine Parsons, Lisa Walker, Wen Cai Zhang, Frank J Slack
Many RNA species have been identified as important players in the development of chronic diseases, including cancer. Over the past decade, numerous studies have highlighted how regulatory RNAs such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the development of a disease state. It is clear that the aberrant expression of miRNAs promotes tumor initiation and progression, is linked with cardiac dysfunction, allows for the improper physiological response in maintaining glucose and insulin levels, and can prevent the appropriate integration of neuronal networks, resulting in neurodegenerative disorders...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241080/replication-of-cmv-in-the-gut-of-hiv-infected-individuals-and-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction
#13
Ekaterina Maidji, Ma Somsouk, Jose M Rivera, Peter W Hunt, Cheryl A Stoddart
Although invasive cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is uncommon in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART), asymptomatic CMV coinfection is nearly ubiquitous in HIV infected individuals. While microbial translocation and gut epithelial barrier dysfunction may promote persistent immune activation in treated HIV infection, potentially contributing to morbidity and mortality, it has been unclear whether CMV replication in individuals with no symptoms of CMV disease might play a role in this process. We hypothesized that persistent CMV replication in the intestinal epithelium of HIV/CMV-coinfected individuals impairs gut epithelial barrier function...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240600/the-antiviral-restriction-factor-ifn-induced-transmembrane-protein-3-prevents-cytokine-driven-cmv-pathogenesis
#14
Maria A Stacey, Simon Clare, Mathew Clement, Morgan Marsden, Juneid Abdul-Karim, Leanne Kane, Katherine Harcourt, Cordelia Brandt, Ceri A Fielding, Sarah E Smith, Rachael S Wash, Silvia Gimeno Brias, Gabrielle Stack, George Notley, Emma L Cambridge, Christopher Isherwood, Anneliese O Speak, Zoë Johnson, Walter Ferlin, Simon A Jones, Paul Kellam, Ian R Humphreys
The antiviral restriction factor IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) inhibits cell entry of a number of viruses, and genetic diversity within IFITM3 determines susceptibility to viral disease in humans. Here, we used the murine CMV (MCMV) model of infection to determine that IFITM3 limits herpesvirus-associated pathogenesis without directly preventing virus replication. Instead, IFITM3 promoted antiviral cellular immunity through the restriction of virus-induced lymphopenia, apoptosis-independent NK cell death, and loss of T cells...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228690/human-cytomegalovirus-interleukin-10-enhances-matrigel-invasion-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells
#15
Cendy A Valle Oseguera, Juliet V Spencer
BACKGROUND: While some risk factors for breast cancer are well-known, the influence of other factors, particularly virus infection, remains unclear. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is widespread in the general population, and both molecular and epidemiological evidence has indicated links between HCMV and breast cancer. The HCMV protein cmvIL-10 is a potent suppressor of immune function that has also been shown to promote proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. In this study, the impact of cmvIL-10 on tumor cell invasion through a simulated basement membrane was investigated...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223472/overexpression-of-sarcoendoplasmic-reticulum-calcium-atpase-2a-promotes-cardiac-sympathetic-neurotransmission-via-abnormal-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-mitochondria-ca-2-regulation
#16
Julia Shanks, Neil Herring, Errin Johnson, Kun Liu, Dan Li, David J Paterson
Reduced cardiomyocyte excitation-contraction coupling and downregulation of the SERCA2a (sarcoendoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2a) is associated with heart failure. This has led to viral transgene upregulation of SERCA2a in cardiomyocytes as a treatment. We hypothesized that SERCA2a gene therapy expressed under a similar promiscuous cytomegalovirus promoter could also affect the cardiac sympathetic neural axis and promote sympathoexcitation. Stellate neurons were isolated from 90 to 120 g male, Sprague-Dawley, Wistar Kyoto, and spontaneously hypertensive rats...
February 21, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216629/matrix-attachment-region-combinations-increase-transgene-expression-in-transfected-chinese-hamster-ovary-cells
#17
Chun-Peng Zhao, Xiao Guo, Si-Jia Chen, Chang-Zheng Li, Yun Yang, Jun-He Zhang, Shao-Nan Chen, Yan-Long Jia, Tian-Yun Wang
Matrix attachment regions (MARs) are cis-acting DNA elements that can increase transgene expression levels in a CHO cell expression system. To investigate the effects of MAR combinations on transgene expression and the underlying regulatory mechanisms, we generated constructs in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) gene flanked by different combinations of human β-interferon and β-globin MAR (iMAR and gMAR, respectively), which was driven by the cytomegalovirus (CMV) or simian virus (SV) 40 promoter...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207860/effect-of-human-cytomegalovirus-hcmv-us27-on-cxcr4-receptor-internalization-measured-by-fluorogen-activating-protein-fap-biosensors
#18
Jordan M Boeck, Juliet V Spencer
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widespread pathogen and a member of the Herpesviridae family. HCMV has a large genome that encodes many genes that are non-essential for virus replication but instead play roles in manipulation of the host immune environment. One of these is the US27 gene, which encodes a protein with homology to the chemokine receptor family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The US27 protein has no known chemokine ligands but can modulate the signaling activity of host receptor CXCR4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199124/tempo-spatial-activation-of-sequential-quadruple-stimuli-for-high-gene-expression-of-polymeric-gene-nanocomplexes
#19
Hana Cho, Young-Woo Cho, Sun-Woong Kang, Mi-Kyoung Kwak, Kang Moo Huh, You Han Bae, Han Chang Kang
The clinical application of intracellular gene delivery via nanosized carriers is hindered by intracellular multistep barriers that limit high levels of gene expression. To solve these issues, four different intracellular or external stimuli that can efficiently activate a gene carrier, a gene, or a photosensitizer (pheophorbide A [PhA]) were assessed in this study. The designed nanosized polymeric gene complexes were composed of PhA-loaded thiol-degradable polycation (PhA@RPC) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter-equipped pDNA...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194527/impairment-of-infectious-laryngotracheitis-virus-replication-by-deletion-of-the-ul-1-gene
#20
M Nadimpalli, S W Lee, J M Devlin, J R Gilkerson, C A Hartley
Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) encodes several unique genes, including a pair of unique nuclear proteins UL0 and UL[-1] that are expressed during replication in cell culture. Although the UL0 gene has been shown to be dispensable for replication, the role of UL[-1] has not been elucidated. In this study a deletion mutant of ILTV lacking the UL[-1] gene was constructed using homologous recombination. The coding sequences of the gene were replaced with the gene for enhanced green fluorescent protein and the cytomegalovirus major immediate early promoter element...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Virology
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