keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cmv promoter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726522/steerable-induction-of-the-thymosin-%C3%A3-4-mrtf-a-pathway-via-aav-based-overexpression-induces-therapeutic-neovascularization
#1
Tilman Ziegler, Markus Kraus, Wira Husada, Florian Gesenhues, Qui Jiang, Olaf Pinkenburg, Teresa Trenkwalder, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Ferdinand le Noble, Christian Weber, Christian Kupatt, Rabea Hinkel
Viral vectors have been frequently used in a variety of preclinical animal models to deliver genetic constructs into tissues. Among the vectors used, adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs) may be targeted to specific tissues, depending on the serotype used. Moreover, they show robust expression for prolonged periods of time and have a low immunogenic potential. Furthermore, AAVs, unlike other vector systems, only display a low rate of genomic integration. However, to ensure efficient transgene production, expression is typically driven by constitutively active promoters, such as the CMV promotor...
July 20, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716628/transduction-of-a-neospora-caninum-antigen-gene-into-mammalian-cells-using-a-modified-bombyx-mori-nucleopolyhedrovirus-for-antibody-production
#2
Tatsuya Kato, Kohei Itagaki, Mai Yoshimoto, Rikito Hiramatsu, Hamizah Suhaimi, Tetsuya Kohsaka, Enoch Y Park
Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) can easily enter and transduce foreign genes into mammalian cells, but these functions are difficult for Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV). In this study, we investigated the induction of antibody production in mice immunized with an engineered BmNPV. The GP64 of BmNPV (BmGP64) was replaced with the GP64 of AcMNPV (AcGP64); this construct, designated BmNPVΔbgp/AcGP64, displays AcGP64 on the surface of BmNPV. The Neospora caninum antigen (NcSRS2) expression cassette, consisting of the cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter and NcSRS2 from N...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713922/selection-of-an-optimal-promoter-for-gene-transfer-in-normal-b-cells
#3
Magdalena Winiarska, Dominika Nowis, Malgorzata Firczuk, Agnieszka Zagozdzon, Magdalena Gabrysiak, Radoslaw Sadowski, Joanna Barankiewicz, Michal Dwojak, Jakub Golab
Gene transfer into normal quiescent human B cells is a challenging procedure. The present study aimed to investigate whether it is possible to increase the levels of transgene expression by using various types of promoters to drive the expression of selected genes‑of‑interest. To produce lentiviral particles, the present study used the 2nd generation psPAX2 packaging vector and the vesicular stomatitis virus ‑expressing envelope vector pMD2.G. Subsequently, lentiviral vectors were generated containing various promoters, including cytomegalovirus (CMV), elongation factor‑1 alpha (EF1α) and spleen focus‑forming virus (SFFV)...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700081/spinal-nociceptive-circuit-analysis-with-recombinant-adeno-associated-viruses-the-impact-of-serotypes-and-promoters
#4
Karen Haenraets, Edmund Foster, Helge Johannssen, Vinnie Kandra, Noemie Frezel, Timothy Steffen, Valeria Jaramillo, Jean-Charles Paterna, Hanns Ulrich Zeilhofer, Hendrik Wildner
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector-mediated gene transfer into genetically defined neuron subtypes has become a powerful tool to study the neuroanatomy of neuronal circuits in the brain and to unravel their functions. More recently this methodology has also become popular for the analysis of spinal cord circuits. To date a variety of naturally occurring AAV serotypes and genetically modified capsid variants are available but transduction efficiency in spinal neurons, target selectivity and the ability for retrograde tracing are only incompletely characterized...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695215/characterisation-of-a-stably-integrated-expression-system-for-exogenous-protein-expression-in-dt40
#5
Meliti Skouteri, Helfrid Hochegger, Antony M Carr
The use of constitutive promoters to drive exogenous protein expression is an important tool for the study of diverse biological processes. To create and characterise a stably integrated expression system for DT40 cells, we constructed integration cassettes for three commonly used promoter elements; CMV, CBA or CAG, and used these to stably integrate a TOPBP1 transgene at the OVA locus, a transcriptionally silent locus commonly used in DT40. We next performed a comparative analysis of protein expression levels and identified CAG as the most efficient of the promoter elements we have tested in DT40 cells...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693271/expression-of-tumor-suppressor-reic-dkk-3-by-a-newly-improved-adenovirus-vector-with-insertion-of-a-htert-promoter-at-the-3-side-of-the-transgene
#6
Endy Widya Putranto, Rie Kinoshita, Masami Watanabe, Takuya Sadahira, Hitoshi Murata, Ken-Ichi Yamamoto, Junichiro Futami, Ken Kataoka, Yusuke Inoue, I Made Winarsa Ruma, I Wayan Sumardika, Chen Youyi, Miyoko Kubo, Yoshihiko Sakaguchi, Kenji Saito, Yasutomo Nasu, Hiromi Kumon, Nam-Ho Huh, Masakiyo Sakaguchi
Reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3) overexpression, induced using an adenovirus (Ad)-REIC, has been revealed to have a dramatic therapeutic effect on multiple types of cancer. To achieve an improved therapeutic effect from Ad-REIC on cancer, our group previously developed an enhanced gene expression system, the C-TSC cassette [cytomegalovirus (CMV)-RU5' located upstream (C); another promoter unit composed of triple tandem promoters, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), simian virus 40 and CMV, located downstream of the cDNA (TSC); plus a polyadenylation (polyA) signal]...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680749/tumor-priming-converts-nk-cells-to-memory-like-nk-cells
#7
Marina Pal, Lisa Schwab, Anastasiya Yermakova, Emily M Mace, Rainer Claus, Ann-Christin Krahl, Jeanette Woiterski, Udo F Hartwig, Jordan S Orange, Rupert Handgretinger, Maya C André
Fascinating earlier evidence suggests an intrinsic capacity of human natural killer (NK) cells to acquire adaptive immune features in the context of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection or pro-inflammatory cytokine stimulation. Since the role of memory NK cells in cancer has so far remained elusive and adoptive NK cell transfer in relapsing pediatric acute B cell precursor leukemia (BCP-ALL) patients awaits improvement, we asked the question whether tumor-priming could promote the generation of memory NK cells with enhanced graft-vs...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664508/correlation-between-expression-of-recombinant-proteins-and-abundance-of-h3k4me3-on-the-enhancer-of-human-cytomegalovirus-major-immediate-early-promoter
#8
Benjamin P C Soo, Julian Tay, Shirelle Ng, Steven C L Ho, Yuansheng Yang, Sheng-Hao Chao
Role of epigenetic regulation in the control of gene expression is well established. The impact of several epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation, on recombinant protein production in mammalian cells has been investigated recently. Here we investigate the correlation between the selected epigenetic markers and five trastuzumab biosimilar-producing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines in which the expression of trastuzumab is driven by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate-early (MIE) promoter...
August 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659925/immune-checkpoint-function-of-cd85j-in-cd8-t-cell-differentiation-and-aging
#9
Claire E Gustafson, Qian Qi, Jessica Hutter-Saunders, Sheena Gupta, Rohit Jadhav, Evan Newell, Holden Maecker, Cornelia M Weyand, Jörg J Goronzy
Aging is associated with an increased susceptibility to infection and a failure to control latent viruses thought to be driven, at least in part, by alterations in CD8 T cell function. The aging T cell repertoire is characterized by an accumulation of effector CD8 T cells, many of which express the negative regulatory receptor CD85j. To define the biological significance of CD85j expression on CD8 T cells and to address the question whether presence of CD85j in older individuals is beneficial or detrimental for immune function, we examined the specific attributes of CD8 T cells expressing CD85j as well as the functional role of CD85j in antigen-specific CD8 T cell responses during immune aging...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656242/microrna%C3%A2-21-promotes-neurite-outgrowth-by-regulating-pdcd4-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Yuqing Jiang, Shujie Zhao, Yin Ding, Luming Nong, Haibo Li, Gongming Gao, Dong Zhou, Nanwei Xu
Altered expression levels of microRNA‑21 (miRNA‑21) have been observed in a series of pathological processes, including cancer and central nervous system injury; however, the involvement of miRNA‑21 in the molecular pathophysiology of spinal cord injury (SCI) has not been well documented. The present study examined the expression levels of miRNA‑21 and its predicted target genes, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), in rats using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting to further understand the role of miRNA‑21 and the mechanisms underlying repair following SCI...
June 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656174/human-cytomegalovirus-infected-glioblastoma-cells-display-stem-cell-like-phenotypes
#11
Che Liu, Paul A Clark, John S Kuo, Robert F Kalejta
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumor in adults. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genomes are present in GBM tumors, yielding hope that antiviral treatments could prove therapeutic and improve the poor prognosis of GBM patients. We discovered that GBM cells infected in vitro with HCMV display properties of cancer stem cells. HCMV-infected GBM cells grow more slowly than mock-infected controls, demonstrate a higher capacity for self-renewal determined by a sphere formation assay, and display resistance to the chemotherapeutic drug temozolomide...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642136/a-novel-hepatitis-b-virus-derived-cis-acting-sequence-that-enhances-expression-of-transgenes-delivered-by-plasmid-vectors-in-eukaryote-cell-culture-systems
#12
Seoung-Ae Lee, Hong Kim, So-Young Lee, Bum-Joon Kim
We tested the effectiveness of a novel 13-bp hepatitis B virus (HBV)-derived cis-acting element (CAE) (ACCTCGACAAGGC), called the DT2 CAE, in augmenting transgene expression delivered by plasmid vectors in eukaryotic cells. The addition of the DT2 CAE just upstream of the start codon of several different target proteins (luciferase, EGFP, LHB, HBsAg, and MIF) in DNA plasmid constructs enhanced their translation in a posttranscriptional manner, irrespective of cell type (cell lines or primary cells) or promoter (CMV or HBV preS1 promoters), suggesting its feasibility for enhanced protein production in eukaryotic cell systems...
June 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637431/continuous-long-term-cytotoxicity-monitoring-in-3d-spheroids-of-beetle-luciferase-expressing-hepatocytes-by-nondestructive-bioluminescence-measurement
#13
Mayu Yasunaga, Yasuko Fujita, Rumiko Saito, Mitsuo Oshimura, Yoshihiro Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) spheroids are frequently used in toxicological study because their morphology and function closely resemble those of tissue. As these properties are maintained over a long term, repeated treatment of the spheroids with a test object is possible. Generally, in the repeated treatment test to assess cytotoxicity in the spheroids, ATP assay, colorimetric measurement using pigments or high-content imaging analysis is performed. However, continuous assessment of cytotoxicity in the same spheroids using the above assays or analysis is impossible because the spheroids must be disrupted or killed...
June 20, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631386/toward-establishing-model-organisms-for-marine-protists-successful-transfection-protocols-for-parabodo-caudatus-kinetoplastida-excavata
#14
Fatma Gomaa, Paulo A Garcia, Jennifer Delaney, Peter R Girguis, Cullen R Buie, Virginia P Edgcomb
We developed protocols for, and demonstrated successful transfection of, the free-living kinetoplastid flagellate Parabodo caudatus with three plasmids carrying a fluorescence reporter gene (pEF-GFP with the EF1 alpha promoter, pUB-GFP with Ubiquitin C promoter, and pEYFP-Mitotrap with CMV promoter). We evaluated three electroporation approaches: 1) a square-wave electroporator designed for eukaryotes, 2) a novel microfluidic transfection system employing hydrodynamically-controlled electric field waveforms, and 3) a traditional exponential decay electroporator...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627633/robust-cancer-specific-gene-expression-by-a-novel-cassette-with-htert-and-cmv-promoter-elements
#15
Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Takuya Sadahira, Hideo Ueki, Rie Kinoshita, Hitoshi Murata, Ken-Ichi Yamamoto, Junichiro Futami, Yasutomo Nasu, Kazuhiko Ochiai, Hiromi Kumon, Nam-Ho Huh, Masami Watanabe
We developed and validated a novel hTERT/CMV promoter element-driven gene expression cassette that can robustly enhance cancer-specific gene expression. The following gene expressional elements were located in tandem within the plasmid construct: [hTERT core promoter, cytomegalovirus (CMV) minimized promoter, RU5' sequence, an inserted gene, BGH polyA, hTERT enhancer]; this is hereafter referred to as the hT/Cm-R-hT construct. Using various human cancer cell lines and normal cells, the cancer-specific transcription of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was examined by western blotting and fluorescence microscopy...
June 12, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625678/rapid-protein-production-from-stable-cho-cell-pools-using-plasmid-vector-and-the-cumate-gene-switch
#16
Adeline Poulain, Sylvie Perret, Félix Malenfant, Alaka Mullick, Bernard Massie, Yves Durocher
To rapidly produce large amounts of recombinant proteins, the generation of stable Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell pools represents a useful alternative to large-scale transient gene expression (TGE). We have developed a cell line (CHO(BRI/rcTA)) allowing the inducible expression of recombinant proteins, based on the cumate gene switch. After the identification of optimal plasmid DNA topology (supercoiled vs linearized plasmid) for PEIpro™ mediated transfection and of optimal conditions for methionine sulfoximine (MSX) selection, we were able to generate CHO(BRI/rcTA) pools producing high levels of recombinant proteins...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624460/identification-of-kx2-391-as-an-inhibitor-of-hbv-transcription-by-a-recombinant-hbv-based-screening-assay
#17
Keisuke Harada, Hironori Nishitsuji, Saneyuki Ujino, Kunitada Shimotohno
Antiviral therapies for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection that are currently applicable for clinical use are limited to nucleos(t)ide analogs targeting HBV polymerase activity and pegylated interferon alpha (PEG-IFN). Towards establishing an effective therapy for HBV related diseases, it is important to develop a new anti-HBV agent that suppresses and eradicates HBV. This study used recombinant HBV encoding NanoLuc to screen anti-HBV compounds from 1827 US Food and Drug Administration approved compounds and identified several compounds that suppressed HBV infection...
June 15, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612942/cytomegalovirus-vector-expressing-rae-1%C3%AE-induces-enhanced-anti-tumor-capacity-of-murine-cd8-t-cells
#18
Tihana Tršan, Kristina Vuković, Petra Filipović, Ana Lesac Brizić, Niels A W Lemmermann, Kilian Schober, Dirk H Busch, William J Britt, Martin Messerle, Astrid Krmpotić, Stipan Jonjić
Designing CD8(+) T-cell vaccines, which would provide protection against tumors is still considered a great challenge in immunotherapy. Here we show the robust potential of cytomegalovirus (CMV) vector expressing the NKG2D ligand RAE-1γ as CD8(+) T cell-based vaccine against malignant tumors. Immunization with the CMV vector expressing RAE-1γ, delayed tumor growth or even provided complete protection against tumor challenge in both prophylactic and therapeutic settings. Moreover, a potent tumor control in mice vaccinated with this vector can be further enhanced by blocking the immune checkpoints TIGIT and PD-1...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604162/intratumoral-infection-by-cmv-may-change-the-tumor-environment-by-directly-interacting-with-tumor-associated-macrophages-to-promote-cancer-immunity
#19
Dan A Erkes, Nicole A Wilski, Christopher M Snyder
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpesvirus that induces an extremely robust and sustained immune response. For this reason, CMV has been proposed as a vaccine vector to promote immunity to both pathogens and cancer. However, exploration of CMV as a vaccine vector is at an early stage and there are many questions. Using a mouse melanoma model, we recently found that a CMV-based vaccine induced large populations of melanoma-specific T cells, but was not effective at slowing tumor growth unless it was injected directly into the tumor...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591035/a-case-report-of-lymphoid-intestitial-pneumonia-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency-oligoclonal-expansion-of-effector-lymphocytes-with-preferential-cytomegalovirus-specific-immune-response-and-lymphoproliferative-disease-promotion
#20
Przemyslaw Zdziarski, Andrzej Gamian, Grzegorz Dworacki
RATIONALE: Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP) is a rare disease with lymphocytic infiltration of the alveolar interstitial and air spaces, sometimes classified as a clonal lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) with high prevalence in patients with immunodysregulation. Although association of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma development with infectious agents has been well described, it is not so in the case of LIP. Attempts to demonstrate an infective cause by direct microbe detection have failed, but association with atypical specific immune response to opportunistic infectious agent has not been studied...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
43329
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"