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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329799/cardiac-surgery-combined-with-bypass-from-the-ascending-aorta-to-the-bilateral-femoral-arteries-for-severe-aorto-iliac-occlusion-a-case-series
#1
Côme Bosse, Ramzi Ramadan, Dominique Fabre, Julien Guihaire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328004/thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-in-children-a-reliability-study
#2
Ross L Dawkins, Joseph H Miller, Omar I Ramadan, Michael C Lysek, Elizabeth N Kuhn, Brandon G Rocque, Michael J Conklin, R Shane Tubbs, Beverly C Walters, Bonita S Agee, Curtis J Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE There are many classification systems for injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. The recent Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) has been shown to be a reliable tool for adult patients. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the TLICS system in pediatric patients. The validity of the TLICS system is assessed in a companion paper. METHODS The medical records of pediatric patients with acute, traumatic thoracolumbar fractures at a single Level 1 trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322106/questioning-the-role-of-facebook-in-maintaining-syrian-social-capital-during-the-syrian-crisis
#3
Reem Ramadan
The Syrian crisis is considered the 'world's single largest crisis for almost a quarter of a century that has the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation' (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). The rapid adoption of Facebook among Syrians questions whether it helps in maintaining the social capital of a war-torn nation and a dispersed Syrian population worldwide. Data was collected by means of a Facebook survey from 964 Syrian users. Results indicated that Facebook enhanced social identity and social capital through facilitating communication, collaboration and resource sharing among dispersed Syrians inside and outside the country...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317010/a-new-model-for-fetal-programming-maternal-ramadan-type-fasting-programs-nephrogenesis
#4
M Mohany, N Ashton, A H Harrath, J R Nyengaard, S Y Alomar, S Alwasel
The effect of maternal Ramadan-type fasting (RTF) on the outcome of pregnancy, kidney development and nephron number in male rat offspring was investigated in current study. Pregnant rats were given food and water ad libitum during pregnancy (control) or restricted for 16 h per day (RTF). Kidney structure was examined during fetal life, at birth, and in early and late adulthood. Maternal body weight, food intake, relative food intake and plasma glucose levels were significantly lower (P<0.001) in the RTF group...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305048/the-current-state-of-knowledge-perception-and-practice-in-diabetes-management-during-fasting-in-ramadan-by-healthcare-professionals
#5
Sueziani B Zainudin, Aslena B Hussain
AIMS: Obligatory Ramadan fasting is challenging in the management of Muslims with diabetes due to increased risk of complications from altered meals and activities. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perception and practice of healthcare professionals in diabetes management during fasting and the outcome of education on management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed healthcare professionals enrolled in pre-Ramadan education involving an endocrinologist, diabetes specialized nurse and dietician...
December 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301135/a-retrospective-analysis-of-dialysis-events-over-a-3-year-period-in-an-outpatient-dialysis-unit-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#6
Moustapha Ramadan, Gautam Hebbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in the rates of dialysis events stratified by vascular access type and to describe the microbiological profile and sensitivity patterns of positive blood cultures over a 3-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The dialysis event data of 10751 chronic hemodialysis patients collected from March 2013 to February 2016 at an Outpatient Dialysis Unit in Kuwait were reviewed. The dialysis events studied were; use of intravenous (IV) antimicrobials, positive blood culture and signs of inflammation at the vascular access site...
January 4, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300956/awareness-and-practice-of-patient-rights-from-a-patient-perspective-an-insight-from-upper-egypt
#7
Eman Sameh Mohammed, Amany Edward Seedhom, Eman Ramadan Ghazawy
Objectives: To assess the patients' awareness of their rights, the predictors of knowledge of patients' rights and the degree of adherence to these rights by the medical team from the patients' perspective. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Minia University Hospital, Minia, Egypt. Participants: Hospitalized patients in Minia University Hospital, from 1 January to 1 February 2017. Methods: In total, 514 patients were interviewed during their hospital stay...
December 29, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298353/antibacterial-activity-of-antipsychotic-agents-their-association-with-lipid-nanocapsules-and-its-impact-on-the-properties-of-the-nanocarriers-and-on-antibacterial-activity
#8
Hassan Nehme, Patrick Saulnier, Alyaa A Ramadan, Viviane Cassisa, Catherine Guillet, Matthieu Eveillard, Anita Umerska
Bacterial antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health problem worldwide; therefore, new therapeutic strategies are needed. Many studies have described antipsychotic compounds that present antibacterial activity. Hence, the aims of this study were to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of antipsychotics belonging to different chemical families, to assess the influence of their association with lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) on their antimicrobial activity as well as drug release and to study the uptake of LNCs by bacterial cells...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283099/radiological-evaluation-of-inner-ear-with-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-unilateral-non-pulsatile-tinnitus
#9
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaöz, Baran Acar, Selma Uysal Ramadan, Melih Topçuoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to investigate the possible relationship between tinnitus and certain bony inner ear structures using computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, controlled, double-blind study. The subjects of the study were divided into the following three groups: group 1 (G1), patients with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and unilateral non-pulsatile tinnitus in the same ear; group 2 (G2), patients with normal hearing and unilateral non-pulsatile tinnitus; and group 3 (G3), healthy volunteers with neither tinnitus nor hearing loss...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277299/con-routine-use-of-embolic-filters-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-is-not-indicated
#10
Hamdy Awad, Kathryn Hackett, Mohamed Ehab Ramadan, Juan Crestanello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273297/loss-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-autophagy-exacerbates-angiotensin-ii-associated-aortic-remodeling
#11
Azza Ramadan, Krishna K Singh, Adrian Quan, Pamela J Plant, Mohammed Al-Omran, Hwee Teoh, Subodh Verma
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiologic processes of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and atherosclerosis often intersect. Given that anomalies in vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) autophagy have been noted in models of atherosclerosis, we sought to evaluate the potential role that SMC autophagy may play in the initiation and progression of AAAs. METHODS: Studies were conducted in ATG7flx/flxSM22α-Cretg/+ (SMC ATG7 knockout [SMC-ATG7-KO]) and ATG7WT/WT; SM22α-Cretg/+ (SMC ATG7 wild-type [SMC-ATG7-WT]) littermates that were continuously infused with angiotensin II (Ang II; 1...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247343/a-caffeine-maltodextrin-mouth-rinse-counters-mental-fatigue
#12
Jeroen Van Cutsem, Kevin De Pauw, Samuele Marcora, Romain Meeusen, Bart Roelands
INTRODUCTION: Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity that has negative implications on many aspects in daily life. Caffeine and carbohydrate ingestion have been shown to be able to reduce these negative effects of mental fatigue. Intake of these substances might however be less desirable in some situations (e.g., restricted caloric intake, Ramadan). Rinsing caffeine or glucose within the mouth has already been shown to improve exercise performance...
December 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245696/new-records-of-i-solenocera-barunajaya-i-crosnier-1994-and-i-solenocera-i-i-rathbuni-i-ramadan-1938-crustacea-decapoda-penaeoidea-from-the-southwest-coast-of-india
#13
P Purushothaman, Rekha Devi Chakraborty, G Maheswarudu, G Kuberan
The genus Solenocera Lucas, 1849 consist of 43 species, most with commercial importance and occurring in offshore, deeper waters (Pérez Farfante & Kensley 1997; De Grave & Fransen 2011). Twelve species in the genus Solenocera were reported from India, with a few contributing to the regular fishery (S. crassicornis, S. choprai, and S. hextii), and others seldom captured (S.alfonso, S.alticarinata, S.annectens, S.halli, S.koelbeli, S.melantho, S.pectinata, S.pectinulata and S.waltairensis). Members of the Solenoceridae are identified based on the key taxonomic characters of the genitalia and the cephalothorax...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242974/effect-of-intramural-fibroid-on-uterine-and-endometrial-vascularity-in-infertile-women-scheduled-for-in-vitro-fertilization
#14
Ahmed Kamel, Akmal El-Mazny, Wafaa Ramadan, Suzy Abdelaziz, Sherine Gad-Allah, Hany Saad, Ahmed M Hussein, Emad Salah
PURPOSE: To study the effect of intramural fibroids on uterine and endometrial vascularity in infertile women scheduled for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: 3D power Doppler was used to measure the endometrial volume and blood flow indices in 182 women with intramural fibroids not affecting the uterine cavity and compared them to a matched control group without fibroids. RESULTS: There was significantly increased vascularity in the endometrium of the fibroid group as denoted by higher endometrial VI (p = 0...
December 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242472/photophore-counts-in-the-deep-sea-commercial-shrimp-i-aristeus-i-i-alcocki-i-ramadan-1938-crustacea-decapoda-aristeidae-with-a-revised-key-to-the-indo-west-pacific-species-of-the-genus
#15
Tin-Yam Chan, Appukuttannair Biju Kumar, Chien-Hui Yang
The availability of abundant fresh material of Aristeus alcocki Ramadan, 1938 from India allowed the evaluation of the variation in the numbers of photophores on the pereiopods in this species, as well as other diagnostic characters for species discrimination. Although the pereiopodal photophore counts in A. alcocki largely overlap with those of A. semidentatus Bate, 1888, it is found that A. alcocki is unique in the Indo-West Pacific species of the genus by the lower end of the cervical carina considerably farther away from the branchiostegal carina...
October 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238908/thalassemia-a-prevalent-disease-yet-unknown-term-among-college-students-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Duaa Ibrahim Olwi, Leena Adnan Merdad, Eman Kamal Ramadan
Thalassemia is a life-threatening blood disorder that has a high prevalence in Saudi Arabia despite the implementation of mandatory premarital testing and the availability of genetic counseling. This study aimed to assess college students' knowledge of thalassemia. A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 920 senior students enrolled at King Abdulaziz University was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information about thalassemia and socio-demographic characteristics. Of the 920 students, 445 (48%) had ever heard of thalassemia...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236301/synergistic-effect-of-carnosine-on-browning-of-adipose-tissue-in-exercised-obese-rats-a-focus-on-circulating-irisin-levels
#17
Mona F Schaalan, Basma K Ramadan, Azza H Abd Elwahab
BACKGROUND: The recent appreciation of the energy burning capacity of brown adipose tissue turns it to an attractive target as anti-obesity therapy. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect of L-carnosine on browning of white adipose tissue in exercised obese rats. METHODS: Sixty adult male Wistar albino rats between 7-8 weeks-old weighing 130-150 g were allocated into six groups;(i) normal control rats fed normal diet; (ii) high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats, (iii) normal control rats fed normal diet and injected with L-carnosine (250mg/kg), (iv) HFD-rats injected with L-carnosine (250mg/kg),(v): HFD-rats subjected to exercise training; (vi): HFD- rats subjected to exercise training and L-carnosine together...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232287/the-effects-of-known-cardioprotective-drugs-on-proinflammatory-cytokine-secretion-from-human-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells
#18
Michael J Haas, Marilu Jurado-Flores, Ramadan Hammoud, Victoria Feng, Krista Gonzales, Luisa Onstead-Haas, Arshag D Mooradian
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetes is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of premature atherosclerosis. High-dextrose has been shown to induce both oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress in cultured human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). STUDY QUESTION: To determine whether or not several classes of cardioprotective drugs inhibit proinflammatory cytokine expression by HCAEC. MEASURES AND OUTCOMES: To determine the effects of high dextrose on expression of proinflammatory cytokines by HCAEC, cells were treated with either 5...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230235/editorial-ubiquitin-and-ubiquitin-relative-sumo-in-dna-damage-response
#19
EDITORIAL
Kristijan Ramadan, Ivan Dikic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230208/ramadan-fasting-exerts-immunomodulatory-effects-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#20
Mohammad Adawi, Abdulla Watad, Stav Brown, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Mohamed Zouhir, Kassem Sharif, Khaled Ghanayem, Raymond Farah, Hussein Mahagna, Stefano Fiordoro, Samir Giuseppe Sukkar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Naim Mahroum
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting. All Muslim adults are expected to fast; nevertheless certain subgroups, including sick, frail subjects, and pregnant women, among others, are exempted. Ramadan fasting has been shown to impact on body systems in different manners. The influence of Ramadan fasting on immune system regulation remains elusive; however, immune system changes, such as the modulation of body response to various infectious, stressful, and other harmful events, are of great interest during fasting...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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