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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735122/ventral-lumbar-synovial-cyst-causing-cauda-equina-compression-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Anan Shtaya, Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Mark Walker, Ali Nader-Sepahi
BACKGROUND: Juxtafacet spinal cysts are cystic synovial lesions that are often indistinguishable clinically or radiologically and require histopathology analysis to confirm the diagnosis. Lumbar synovial cysts usually arising from the synovium of the facet joints. They have been described posterolateral or rarely in the posterior midline. However, we describe the first synovial cyst ventral to the dural sac. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a lumbar 3-4 lesion causing cauda equina compression in a 57-year-old man who presented with 3 months history of low back pain and bilateral sciatica, intermittent urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734429/ascending-aorta-stenting-after-off-pump-aortic-wrapping-in-stanford-a-retrograde-aortic-dissection
#2
Dorian Verscheure, Ramzi Ramadan, Alexandre Azmoun, Julien Guihaire, Claude Angel, Philippe Brenot, Philippe Deleuze
We report 4 cases of off-pump ascending aorta wrapping combined with ascending aorta stenting in retrograde Stanford A acute aortic dissection (SAAD). Since 2008, 18 patients have undergone wrapping of the ascending aorta at our institution. Four patients had a persistent circulating false lumen in the ascending aorta after wrapping, with a threat to the aortic root. We chose an endovascular approach with ascending aorta stenting. Follow-up computed tomography showed a reapplication of the intimal flap in the reinforced aorta...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721978/noninvasive-biomarkers-as-surrogate-predictors-of-clinical-and-endoscopic-remission-after-infliximab-induction-in-patients-with-refractory-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Elham A Hassan, Haidi K Ramadan, Ali A Ismael, Khaled F Mohamed, Madiha M El-Attar, Ihab Alhelali
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment of refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) is a clinical challenge, and after biological therapy, monitoring clinical and endoscopic responses is fundamental. We aimed to investigate and compare the predictive power of different noninvasive parameters for clinical remission and mucosal healing after infliximab induction therapy in refractory UC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum and fecal biomarkers, including hemoglobin, white blood cells, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), and fecal calprotectin (FC), and colonoscopy were assessed in 44 patients with refractory UC before and after (week 12) infliximab induction...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717601/investigation-on-papillomavirus-infection-in-dromedary-camels-in-al-ahsa-saudi-arabia
#4
Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Barakat
We investigated two outbreaks of papillomatosis between 2013 and 2015 in Al Ahsa region of eastern Saudi Arabia involving fourteen dromedary camels. The disease affected both young and adult animals and occurred in coincidence with demodectic mange infestation. Diagnosis was made based on gross and histopathological characteristics of the wart lesion and was confirmed by PCR. Rolling circle amplification followed by degenerate primer PCR and sequencing of the amplicons revealed the presence of both Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2, previously identified in infected dromedaries in Sudan...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#5
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717329/statin-therapy-prescribing-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Hasniza Zaman Huri, Shah M Azarisman, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi
Use of statin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been recommended by most clinical guidelines. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among T2DM patients. It has been proved that statins are effective for primary or secondary CVD prophylaxis. Reports have highlighted the underutilization of statins in clinical practice and the suboptimal adherence to guideline recommendations. This review article points to summarize the current evidence confirming the role of statins in T2DM patients and to provide an overview of factors that may affect statins' prescribing patterns and compliance in clinical practice...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713531/the-effects-of-fasting-during-ramadan-on-the-concentration-of-serotonin-dopamine-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-nerve-growth-factor
#7
Abdolhossein Bastani, Sadegh Rajabi, Fatemeh Kianimarkani
Neurotransmitters and neurotrophic factors are signaling molecules that play a crucial role in cell proliferation, differentiation, survival and functions of neurons. It is believed that caloric restriction could help the health of the nervous system by affecting the synthesis of neurotrophins and neurotransmitter and oxygen radical metabolism. The objective was to investigate the plasma levels of serotonin, dopamine, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) in 29 healthy fasted subjects (22 women and 7 men) during the month of fasting in Ramadan...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712577/bacterial-adherence-to-graft-tissues-in-static-and-flow-conditions
#8
Tiago Rafael Veloso, Jorien Claes, Soetkin Van Kerckhoven, Bartosz Ditkowski, Luis G Hurtado-Aguilar, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Petra Mela, Ramadan Jashari, Marc Gewillig, Marc F Hoylaerts, Bart Meyns, Ruth Heying
BACKGROUND: Various conduits and stent-mounted valves are used as pulmonary valve graft tissues for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with good hemodynamic results. Valve replacement carries an increased risk of infective endocarditis (IE). Recent observations have increased awareness of the risk of IE after transcatheter implantation of a stent-mounted bovine jugular vein valve. This study focused on the susceptibility of graft tissue surfaces to bacterial adherence as a potential risk factor for subsequent IE...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#9
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704270/impact-of-ramadan-on-emergency-department-visits-and-on-medical-emergencies
#10
Reem G Al Assaad, Rana Bachir, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is important to Muslims. This study describes changes in emergency department (ED) visits and in frequencies of emergency conditions and impact on clinical outcomes during Ramadan in a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to ED during Ramadan 1 month before and 1 month after Ramadan over a 3-year period with specific conditions (acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure, diabetes, renal colic, headache or hypertension) were included...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685795/the-risk-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-ramadan
#11
Asma Sriha Belguith, Houda Baccouche, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Hamdi Boubaker, Wahid Bouida, Kaouthar Beltaief, Adel Sekma, Nizar Fredj, Nasri Bzeouiche, Zied Zina, Riadh Boukef, Mohamed Soltani, Semir Nouira
BACKGROUND: Data on the effect of fasting on coronary disease are rare and controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of Ramadan on the prevalence of acute coronary syndrome among chest pain patients in the emergency department of Monastir. METHODS: It was a prospective study, performed in the emergency department of Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital of Monastir, during the 3 months before, during and after Ramadan from 2012 to 2014...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685515/predetermined-anti-diabetic-drug-regimen-adjustments-during-ramadan-fasting-an-observational-study-of-safety
#12
Abdallah M Beano, Mohammad A Zmaili, Zaid H Gheith, Ahmad M Naser, Munther S Momani, Al Motassem F Yousef, Ayman A Zayed
BACKGROUND: Many Muslim type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients choose to fast the month of Ramadan despite the possible adverse health effects brought about by the change in dietary habits, among other things. Clinical data regarding the safety of multi-drug regimens during fasting are particularly scarce. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of a drug protocol devised by the authors to accommodate Ramadan's dietary changes, involving dose adjustments of four anti-diabetic drug regimens in T2DM patients fasting Ramadan...
June 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662967/low-hepcidin-in-diabetes-mellitus-examining-the-molecular-links-and-their-clinical-implications
#13
REVIEW
Driton Vela, Ramadan B Sopi, Mitko Mladenov
The relationship between iron and glucose metabolism has been evidenced strongly, but the molecular mediation of this connection is just being revealed. The discovery of hepcidin as the prime controller of iron metabolism has paved the way for understanding the main actors behind this mediation. Recent data suggest that insulin therapy and probably other diabetes drugs can influence hepcidin production, thus influencing the iron load in cells. Correcting iron load through hepcidin expression could be a novel and important mechanism of action of antidiabetes drugs...
June 26, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657936/trend-of-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-and-normotensive-volunteers-during-ramadan-fasting
#14
Abdolreza Norouzy, Mahdi Hasanzade Daloee, Amir Hosein Khoshnasab, Adeleh Khoshnasab, Javad Farrokhi, Mohsen Nematy, Mohammad Safarian, Pouya Nezafati, Maryam Alinezhad-Namaghi
INTRODUCTION: It is believed that Ramadan fasting regulates blood pressure, heart rate, and other cardiovascular risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, observational study was carried out in two groups: one group included hypertensive patients treated with two antihypertensive agents (n=6) and the other group included healthy individuals (n=12)...
June 27, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645660/corrigendum-to-prevalence-of-mutations-within-major-hydrophilic-region-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-their-correlation-with-genotypes-among-chronically-infected-patients-in-egypt-arab-j-gastroenterol-17-2016-34-40
#15
Walaa M Abu Zeid, Dalia I Ramadan, Omar A Taha, Mohamed A Shemis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629656/clinical-practice-points-for-diabetes-management-during-ramadan-fast
#16
REVIEW
Shaukat Sadikot, K Jothydev, A H Zargar, Jamal Ahmad, S R Arvind, Banshi Saboo
Diabetes management during Ramadan is very crucial from the patient perspective as it can present significant risk of hypoglycemia and death when proper care is not taken. Moreover, managing diabetes in fasting Ramadan patients require different mechanisms than the routine diabetes management and pose significant challenge to the health care practitioners. Here we set forth to review the available literature of various clinical trials and studies on different antidiabetic agents in the context of Ramadan. On the basis of available evidence, we suggest that gliclazide is effective and it could be safely recommended in type 2 diabetic patients fasting during Ramadan...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628237/wing-phosphorylation-is-a-major-functional-determinant-of-the-lrs14-type-biofilm-and-motility-regulator-abfr1-in-sulfolobus-acidocaldarius
#17
Lingling Li, Ankan Banerjee, Lisa Franziska Bischof, Hassan Ramadan Maklad, Lena Hoffmann, Anna-Lena Henche, Fabian Veliz, Wolfgang Bildl, Uwe Schulte, Alvaro Orell, Lars-Oliver Essen, Eveline Peeters, Sonja-Verena Albers
In response to a variety of environmental cues, prokaryotes can switch between a motile and a sessile, biofilm-forming mode of growth. The regulatory mechanisms and signaling pathways underlying this switch are largely unknown in archaea but involve small winged helix-turn-helix DNA-binding proteins of the archaea-specific Lrs14 family. Here, we study the Lrs14 member AbfR1 of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. Small-angle X-ray scattering data are presented, which are consistent with a model of dimeric AbfR1 in which dimerization occurs via an antiparallel coiled coil as suggested by homology modeling...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625120/the-effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-the-spirometric-data-of-healthy-adult-males
#18
Imed Latiri, Siwar Sandid, Mohamed Amine Fennani, Mohamed Hadrich, Tasnim Masmoudi, Chiraz Maatoug, Makrem Zammit-Chatti, Karim Chamari, Helmi Ben Saad
The few studies carried out on the effects of Ramadan fasting (RF) on spirometric values present contradictory conclusions. This study aimed at assessing whether RF affects healthy adults' spirometric values. Twenty-nine nonsmoking healthy males ( M ± standard error of mean [ SEM] of age: 27 ± 1 years) who fasted during Ramadan (June 29-July 28, 2014) volunteered to the study. Three periods (before-Ramadan [June 23-25], mid-Ramadan [July 14-16] and after-Ramadan [August 11-14]) were selected for spirometry measurements that were consistently performed 5...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620763/anticancer-efficacy-of-self-nanoemulsifying-drug-delivery-system-of-sunitinib-malate
#19
Saad M Alshahrani, Abdullah S Alshetaili, Ahmed Alalaiwe, Bader B Alsulays, Md Khalid Anwer, Ramadan Al-Shdefat, Faisal Imam, Faiyaz Shakeel
Sunitinib malate (SM) is reported as a weakly soluble drug in water due to its poor dissolution rate and oral bioavailability. Hence, in the current study, various "self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS)" of SM were prepared, characterized and evaluated for the enhancement of its in vitro dissolution rate and anticancer efficacy. On the basis of solubilization potential of SM in various excipients, "Lauroglycol-90 (oil), Triton-X100 (surfactant) and Transcutol-P (cosurfactant)" were selected for the preparation of SM SNEDDS...
June 15, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610307/three-new-species-of-phytoseiid-mites-acari-phytoseiidae-from-bahia-state-brazil
#20
Adeilma Nascimento DE Carvalho, Aníbal Ramadan Oliveira, Poliane Sá Argolo, Francisco Ferragut
During a survey of predatory mites on cocoa cropping areas in Bahia State, north-eastern Brazil, three undescribed species of Phytoseiidae were collected on natural vegetation associated with crops. Typhlodromips baculiductus n. sp., Graminaseius bahiensis n. sp. and Typhlodromalus annulatus n. sp. are described and diagnosed. Comments on the boundary between the genera Amblydromalus Chant & McMurtry and Typhlodromalus Muma are also included.
May 26, 2017: Zootaxa
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