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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092789/facial-emotion-recognition-among-typically-developing-young-children-a-psychometric-validation-of-a-subset-of-nimstim-stimuli
#1
Lucy Barnard-Brak, Layla Abby, David M Richman, Steven Chesnut
We evaluated the psychometric properties of NimStim taking into account the effects of chronological age on the ability of typically developing young children (aged 2-6 years old) to recognize basic facial expressions (i.e., happy, sad, angry, and fearful). We also examined the psychometric sufficiency of NimStim under race-matched and -mismatched facial emotion stimuli. In the current study, race-matched stimuli referred to when children with African American backgrounds received African American faces to rate their emotions and vice versa for race-mismatched stimuli...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090344/tasting-profile-affects-adoption-of-caloric-beverage-reduction-in-a-randomized-weight-loss-intervention
#2
G Turner-McGrievy, X Wang, B Popkin, D F Tate
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in rates of non-caloric beverage adoption by participants classified as sweet likers (SLs) or sweet dislikers (measured using a behavioural tasting task). METHODS: Data are a sub-study from a 6-month, three-group, randomized weight loss trial (CHOICE) (body mass index 36.3 ± 5.8 kg m(-2), 84% female, aged 42.2 ± 10.9 years, 53% African-American) comparing the replacement of caloric beverages with either non-caloric sweetened beverages (diet) or water (water) compared with a control group...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090170/gender-s-role-in-misperceptions-of-peers-sexual-motives
#3
Rose Wesche, Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Eva S Lefkowitz
The sexual double standard influences men's and women's sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse (Crawford & Popp 2003; Reiss 1964). The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers' sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50% female, 49% European American, 25% Latino American, 26% African American) recruited via probability sampling...
December 2016: Sexuality & Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089648/diabetes-and-cardiorenal-syndrome-understanding-the-triple-threat
#4
Srikanta Banerjee, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is known to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) independently. Type 2 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), a recently defined syndrome, is characterized by a primary renal failure that progressively leads to cardiac dysfunction. The effect of diabetes on cardiorenal syndrome has not been explored in a multi-ethnic population. In this retrospective secondary analysis the hypothesis was tested if diabetes modifies the effect of CVD on CKD...
January 9, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089575/association-of-uterine-fibroids-and-pregnancy-outcomes-after-ovarian-stimulation-intrauterine-insemination-for-unexplained-infertility
#5
Aaron K Styer, Susan Jin, Dan Liu, Baisong Wang, Alex J Polotsky, Mindy S Christianson, Wendy Vitek, Lawrence Engmann, Karl Hansen, Robert Wild, Richard S Legro, Christos Coutifaris, Ruben Alvero, Randal D Robinson, Peter Casson, Gregory M Christman, Alicia Christy, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of non-cavity-distorting uterine fibroids and pregnancy outcomes after ovarian stimulation-intrauterine insemination (OS-IUI) in couples with unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from a prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial investigating fertility outcomes after OS-IUI. SETTING: Reproductive Medicine Network clinical sites. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred couples with unexplained infertility who participated in the Assessment of Multiple Intrauterine Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation (AMIGOS) clinical trial...
January 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089252/practical-approaches-for-whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-heart-and-blood-related-traits
#6
Alanna C Morrison, Zhuoyi Huang, Bing Yu, Ginger Metcalf, Xiaoming Liu, Christie Ballantyne, Josef Coresh, Fuli Yu, Donna Muzny, Elena Feofanova, Navin Rustagi, Richard Gibbs, Eric Boerwinkle
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) allows for a comprehensive view of the sequence of the human genome. We present and apply integrated methodologic steps for interrogating WGS data to characterize the genetic architecture of 10 heart- and blood-related traits in a sample of 1,860 African Americans. In order to evaluate the contribution of regulatory and non-protein coding regions of the genome, we conducted aggregate tests of rare variation across the entire genomic landscape using a sliding window, complemented by an annotation-based assessment of the genome using predefined regulatory elements and within the first intron of all genes...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088874/a-clinical-validation-of-self-reported-periodontitis-among-participants-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#7
Brenda Heaton, Nicholas B Gordon, Raul I Garcia, Lynn Rosenberg, Sharron Rich, Matthew P Fox, Yvette C Cozier
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the validity of self-report of periodontal disease in African Americans. The Black Women's Health Study, a US national cohort study of 59,000 Black women followed via mailed questionnaires since 1995, offered the opportunity to clinically validate self-reported periodontitis among a sample of participants. METHODS: Oral health questionnaires were sent to study participants residing in Massachusetts. Respondents living in the Boston metro area were invited for clinical examination...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#8
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087609/role-of-attitudes-and-intentions-in-predicting-adherence-to-oral-diabetes-medications
#9
Emmanuel K Fai, Cheryl Anderson, Victor Ferreros
The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the extent to which patient attitudes and intentions predict adherence to the use of oral antihyperglycemic regimens in African Americans. This cross-sectional study of 115 participants used correlation analysis to establish relationships between patient attitudes, intentions, and adherence. Data analyses showed significant correlations between the variables. Multiple regression analysis was used to establish predictions between the variables. A prediction model containing attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) explained 37% of the variance to behavioral intention...
January 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087607/type-2-diabetes-obesity-and-breast-cancer-risk-the-multiethnic-cohort
#10
Gertraud Maskarinec, Simone Jacobs, Song-Yi Park, Christopher A Haiman, Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Lynne R Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been more consistently associated with breast cancer than type 2 diabetes (T2D). This analysis examined the combination of the two factors in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC). METHODS: Women aged 45-75 years entered the MEC in 1993-1996 by completing a questionnaire. T2D status was self-reported at baseline, two follow-up questionnaires, and confirmed by administrative data. Cancers were identified from tumor registries and deaths through vital records until 2010...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087333/nicotinamide-nucleotide-transhydrogenase-activity-impacts-mitochondrial-redox-balance-and-the-development-of-hypertension-in-mice
#11
Igor Leskov, Amber Neville, Xinggui Shen, Sibile Pardue, Christopher G Kevil, D Neil Granger, David M Krzywanski
Oxidant stress contributes to the initiation and progression of hypertension (HTN) by enhancing endothelial dysfunction and/or causing perturbations in nitric oxide homeostasis. Differences in mitochondrial function may augment this process and provide insight into why age of onset and clinical outcomes differ among individuals from distinct ethnic groups. We have previously demonstrated that variation in normal mitochondrial function and oxidant production exists in endothelial cells from individuals of Caucasian and African-American ethnicity and that this variation contributes to endothelial dysfunction...
December 16, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087008/apol1-genotype-blood-pressure-and-survival-in-african-americans-with-nondiabetic-nephropathy
#12
Todd W Robinson, Barry I Freedman
Several landmark trials have assessed the effects of aggressive hypertension control on the progression of nondiabetic chronic kidney disease. Results generally have been disappointing. With the realization that lowering blood pressure, including with renin-angiotensin system blockade, failed to reliably prevent end-stage kidney disease, studies now are analyzing longer-term effects of hypertension control on survival in chronic kidney disease. This commentary reviews the current findings and extends the discussion to apolipoprotein L1 gene by blood pressure (or gene by environment) interactions...
February 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086982/reproductive-factors-and-the-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-white-women-and-african-american-women-a-pooled-analysis
#14
Huiyan Ma, Giske Ursin, Xinxin Xu, Eunjung Lee, Kayo Togawa, Lei Duan, Yani Lu, Kathleen E Malone, Polly A Marchbanks, Jill A McDonald, Michael S Simon, Suzanne G Folger, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Dennis M Deapen, Michael F Press, Leslie Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Early age at menarche, nulliparity, late age at first completed pregnancy, and never having breastfed, are established breast cancer risk factors. However, among breast cancer subtypes, it remains unclear whether all of these are risk factors for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS: We evaluated the associations of these reproductive factors with TNBC, in 2658 patients with breast cancer (including 554 with TNBC) and 2448 controls aged 20-64 years, who participated in one of the three population-based case-control studies: the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study, the Women's Breast Carcinoma in situ Study, or the Women's Learning the Influence of Family and Environment Study...
January 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#15
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080107/feasibility-and-adherence-paradigm-to-ecological-momentary-assessments-in-urban-minority-youth
#16
Mariya P Shiyko, Seth Perkins, Linda Caldwell
All adolescents in general, including ethnic and racial minorities, report high levels of cell phone use, making mobile technology a useful tool for assessment and intervention. Known health and education disparities based on minority status motivated us to conduct an in-depth investigation regarding feasibility of and adherence to the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research protocol, studying daily life of urban minority youth. In addition, this paper presents a methodological approach to conceptualizing and reporting adherence in EMA studies...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079869/racial-and-social-predictors-of-longitudinal-cervical-measures-the-cervical-ultrasound-study
#17
E W Harville, K S Miller, L R Knoepp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the racial and socioeconomic disparities are present in adverse cervical parameters, and, if so, when such disparities develop. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted. 175 women with a prior preterm birth had up to four endovaginal ultrasounds between gestational weeks 16 and 24 (Cervical Ultrasound Trial of the MFMU). Each sociodemographic factor (race/ethnicity, marital status, insurance funding and education) was examined as a predictor of short cervix or U/funnel shape, using multiple logistic and linear regression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079857/annexin-a11-is-associated-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-african-american-patients-with-sarcoidosis
#18
Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Ann Vu, Wei Zhang, Zarema Arbieva, Chongxu Zhang, Taimur Abbasi, Anoushirvan Hakim, Dean Schraufnagel, Nadera Sweiss, Robert Baughman, Joe G N Garcia, Roberto F Machado
Not available.
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079774/a-statewide-progestogen-promotion-program-in-ohio
#19
Jay D Iams, Mary S Applegate, Michael P Marcotte, Martha Rome, Michael A Krew, Jennifer L Bailit, Heather C Kaplan, Jessi Poteet, Melissa Nance, David S McKenna, Hetty C Walker, Jennifer Nobbe, Lakshmi Prasad, Maurizio Macaluso, Carole Lannon
OBJECTIVE: To promote use of progestogen therapy to reduce premature births in Ohio by 10%. METHODS: The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative initiated a quality improvement project in 2014 working with clinics at 20 large maternity hospitals, Ohio Medicaid, Medicaid insurers, and service agencies to use quality improvement methods to identify eligible women and remove treatment barriers. The number of women eligible for prophylaxis, the percent prescribed a progestogen before 20 and 24 weeks of gestation, and barriers encountered were reported monthly...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078984/rasburicase-induced-methemoglobinemia-in-a-patient-with-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#20
Maliha Khan, Shilpa Paul, Saad Farooq, Thein Hlaing Oo, Priya Ramshesh, Nitin Jain
BACKGROUND: Rasburicase is commonly used in patients with hematologic malignancies for tumor lysis syndrome prophylaxis and management. Methemoglobinemia is a serious rare adverse effect of rasburicase, more common in patients with G6PD deficiency. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate management of this condition can make the difference between successful recovery and significant morbidity. Here we discuss the link of rasburicase with methemoglobinemia and the pathophysiology behind increased incidence of this side effect in G6PD deficient patients...
January 11, 2017: Current Drug Safety
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