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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#1
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340070/material-hardship-and-self-rated-mental-health-among-older-black-americans-in-the-national-survey-of-american-life
#2
Gillian L Marshall, Roland J Thorpe, Sarah L Szanton
This article examines the association between material hardships and self-rated mental health (SRMH) among older black Americans and determines whether the effect varies by race and ethnicity. Using data from the National Survey of American Life, multiple logistic regression models were specified on a sample of older white Americans (n = 289), African Americans (n = 1,135), and black Caribbean Americans (n = 377). Material hardship was measured as an index of seven items that occurred within the past year...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339960/impact-of-predictive-scoring-model-and-email-messaging-on-african-american-blood-donors
#3
Lohith Bachegowda, Debra Kessler, Christopher France, Pinaki Dasgupta, Brad Timm, Beth Shaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339911/a-null-variant-in-the-apolipoprotein-l3-gene-is-associated-with-non-diabetic-nephropathy
#4
Karl L Skorecki, Jessica H Lee, Carl D Langefeld, Saharon Rosset, Shay Tzur, Walter G Wasser, Revital Shemer, Gregory A Hawkins, Jasmin Divers, Rulan S Parekh, Man Li, Matthew G Sampson, Matthias Kretzler, Martin R Pollak, Shrijal Shah, Daniel Blackler, Brendan Nichols, Michael Wilmot, Seth L Alper, Barry I Freedman, David J Friedman
Background.: Inheritance of apolipoprotein L1 gene ( APOL1 ) renal-risk variants in a recessive pattern strongly associates with non-diabetic end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Further evidence supports risk modifiers in APOL1 -associated nephropathy; some studies demonstrate that heterozygotes possess excess risk for ESKD or show earlier age at ESKD, relative to those with zero risk alleles. Nearby loci are also associated with ESKD in non-African Americans. Methods.: We assessed the role of the APOL3 null allele rs11089781 on risk of non-diabetic ESKD...
February 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339799/no-longer-invisible-understanding-the-psychosocial-impact-of-skin-color-stratification-in-the-lives-of-african-american-women
#5
J Camille Hall
This article examines how skin color stratification, termed "colorism," affects the psychological well-being of African American women. Previous research has shown that the experience of colorism is pervasive within the black community and that black women have been culturally or personally affected by intraracial discrimination. This article describes a qualitative study that used focus groups to investigate the experiences of black women that were categorized according to their self-ascribed skin tone group...
February 27, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#6
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338886/re-residential-proximity-to-traffic-related-pollution-and-atherosclerosis-in-4-vascular-beds-among-african-american-adults-results-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338750/association-of-maternal-plasma-folate-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-pregnancy-with-elevated-blood-pressure-of-offspring-in-childhood
#8
Hongjian Wang, Noel T Mueller, Jianping Li, Ninglin Sun, Yong Huo, Fazheng Ren, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood elevated blood pressure (BP) has increased in the United States, particularly among African Americans. The influence of maternal plasma folate levels, alone or in combination with maternal cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertensive disorders, diabetes, and prepregnancy obesity), on child systolic BP (SBP) has not been examined in a prospective birth cohort. We hypothesize that adequate maternal folate levels can reduce the risk of elevated SBP in children born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337999/comparison-of-validation-and-application-on-various-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-risk-prediction-models-in-chinese-rural-population
#9
Changqing Sun, Fei Xu, Xiaotian Liu, Mingwang Fang, Hao Zhou, Yixiao Lian, Chen Xie, Nan Sun, Chongjian Wang
This research aims to assess application of different cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk prediction models in Chinese rural population. Data was collected from a 6-year follow-up survey in rural area of Henan Province, China. 10338 participants aged 40 to 65 years were included. Baseline study was conducted between 2007 and 2008, and followed up from 2013 to 2014. Seven models: general Framingham risk score (general-FRS), simplified-FRS, Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation for high (SCORE-high), SCORE-low, Chinese ischemic CVD (CN-ICVD), Pooled Cohort Risk Equation for white (PCE-white) and for African-American (PCE-AA) were assessed and recalibrated...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337847/efficacy-of-environmental-and-acceptance-based-enhancements-to-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-the-enact-trial
#10
Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman, Michael R Lowe, Amy A Gorin, Fengqing Zhang, Katherine Schaumberg
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare weight loss through a traditional behavioral treatment (BT) approach that integrated skills for managing the obesogenic food environment (BT + E) with an approach that integrated environmental and acceptance-based skills (BT + EA). Moderators were examined as an exploratory aim. METHODS: Adults (N = 283) were randomly assigned to treatment condition and provided with 26 group-based sessions over the course of 12 months...
March 23, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337722/advancing-understanding-of-the-sustainability-of-lay-health-advisor-lha-programs-for-african-american-women-in-community-settings
#11
Rachel C Shelton, Thana-Ashley Charles, Sheba King Dunston, Lina Jandorf, Deborah O Erwin
Lay health advisor (LHA) programs have made strong contributions towards the elimination of health disparities and are increasingly being implemented to promote health and prevent disease. Developed in collaboration with African-American survivors, the National Witness Project (NWP) is an evidence-based, community-led LHA program that improves cancer screening among African-American women. NWP has been successfully disseminated, replicated, and implemented nationally in over 40 sites in 22 states in diverse community settings, reaching over 15,000 women annually...
March 23, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337686/telephone-delivered-behavioral-skills-intervention-for-african-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Leonard E Egede, Joni S Williams, Delia C Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Cheryl P Lynch
BACKGROUND: Diabetes disproportionately affects African Americans and is associated with poorer outcomes. Self-management is important for glycemic control; however, evidence in African Americans is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a combined telephone-delivered education and behavioral skills intervention (TBSI) in reducing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in African Americans with type 2 diabetes, using a factorial design. DESIGN: This is a four-year randomized clinical trial, using a 2 x 2 factorial design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337602/depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-efficiency-sequentially-mediate-racial-differences-in-temporal-summation-of-mechanical-pain
#13
Hailey W Bulls, Mary K Lynch, Megan E Petrov, Ethan W Gossett, Michael A Owens, Sarah C Terry, Kate M Wesson-Sides, Burel R Goodin
BACKGROUND: Racial differences in endogenous pain facilitatory processes have been previously reported. Evidence suggests that psychological and behavioral factors, including depressive symptoms and sleep, can alter endogenous pain facilitatory processes. Whether depressive symptoms and sleep might help explain racial differences in endogenous pain facilitatory processes has yet to be determined. PURPOSE: This observational, microlongitudinal study examined whether depressive symptoms and sleep were sequential mediators of racial differences in endogenous pain facilitatory processes...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337464/obesity-age-ethnicity-and-clinical-features-of-prostate-cancer-patients
#14
Victor J Wu, Darren Pang, Wendell W Tang, Xin Zhang, Li Li, Zongbing You
Approximately 36.5% of the U.S. adults (≥ 20 years old) are obese. Obesity has been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and several types of cancer. The present study included 1788 prostate cancer patients who were treated with radical prostatectomy at the Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana, from January, 2001 to March, 2016. The patient's medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Body mass index (BMI), age, ethnicity (Caucasians versus African Americans), clinical stage, Gleason score, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were retrieved...
2017: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337084/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-continuous-infusion-doripenem-in-a-pediatric-patient-on-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#15
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Susan B Conley, Paul Shea, Adela Enache, Arun Chopra
An 11-year-old African American male with severe combined immunodeficiency variant, non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, pancreatic insufficiency, chronic mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection, chronic sinusitis, and malnutrition presented with a 1-week history of fevers. He subsequently developed respiratory decompensation and cefepime was discontinued and doripenem was initiated. Doripenem was the carbapenem used due to a national shortage of meropenem. By day 7 the patient (24.7 kg) had a positive fluid balance of 6925 mL (28% FO), and on days 7 into 8 developed acute kidney injury evidenced by an elevated serum creatinine of 0...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335987/community-health-indicators-associated-with-outcomes-of-pancreatectomy
#16
Lauren Slakey Pointer, Zaid Al-Qurayshi, David Taylor Pointer, Emad Kandil, Douglas Philip Slakey
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the association of environmental, social and health risk factors in relation to outcomes of pancreatic surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatectomy with a 30 day postoperative follow up in Florida, New York and Washington states were identified using the State Inpatient Databases (SID) from 2010 to 2011. This data was merged with community health indicators complied from the County Health Ranking database. Fourteen community health indicators were used to determine higher risk communities...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335839/apolipoprotein-l1-variants%C3%A2-and-blood-pressure-traits-in%C3%A2-african-americans
#17
Girish N Nadkarni, Geneviève Galarneau, Stephen B Ellis, Rajiv Nadukuru, Jinglan Zhang, Stuart A Scott, Claudia Schurmann, Rongling Li, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Abel N Kho, M Geoffrey Hayes, Jennifer A Pacheco, Teri A Manolio, Rex L Chisholm, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Eimear E Kenny, Erwin P Bottinger
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AA) are disproportionately affected by hypertension-related health disparities. Apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) risk variants are associated with kidney disease in hypertensive AAs. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the APOL1 risk alleles' association with blood pressure traits in AAs. METHODS: The discovery cohort included 5,204 AA participants from Mount Sinai's BioMe biobank. Replication cohorts included additional BioMe (n = 1,623), Vanderbilt BioVU (n = 1,809), and Northwestern NUgene (n = 567) AA biobank participants...
March 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335711/peer-group-and-text-message-based-weight-loss-and-management-intervention-for-african-american-women
#18
Sohye Lee, Erica Schorr, Chih-Lin Chi, Diane Treat-Jacobson, Michelle A Mathiason, Ruth Lindquist
About 80% of African American (AA) women are overweight or obese. Accessible and effective weight management programs targeting weight loss, weight maintenance and the prevention of weight regain are needed to improve health of AA women. A feasibility study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of a 16-week intervention protocol for weight loss and management that combined daily text messages and biweekly peer group sessions. Modest but statistically significant reductions were detected in weight and body mass index from baseline to 16 weeks...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#19
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333950/drug-resistant-hiv-behaviors-and-characteristics-among-los-angeles-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-new-hiv-diagnosis
#20
Pamina M Gorbach, Marjan Javanbakht, Lorelei Bornfleth, Robert K Bolan, Martha Lewis Blum
Epidemiology of drug resistant HIV has focused on trends and less attention has been given to identification of factors, especially behaviors including substance use, in acquisition of drug-resistant HIV. From 2009 to 2012 The Metromates Study enrolled and followed for one year men who have sex with men (MSM) seeking testing for HIV in a community clinic in Los Angeles assessing those testing positive for acute and recent HIV infection. Behavioral data were collected via Computer-Assisted Self-Interview from 125 classified as newly HIV infected and 91 as chronically infected (newly HIV-diagnosed); specimens were available and viable for resistance testing for 154 of the 216 HIV positives with new diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
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