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Ultrasound obstetric and gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508426/the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-ureteral-involvement-in-deep-endometriosis
#1
P Carfagna, C De Cicco Nardone, A De Cicco Nardone, A C Testa, G Scambia, R Marana, F De Cicco Nardone
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether routine visualization of the pelvic ureter during transvaginal ultrasonography should be performed in all patients with deep endometriosis candidate to surgery, in order to identify a potential silent ureteral involvement by the disease. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 200 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for deep endometriosis, evaluated between January 2012 and December 2014 at a tertiary endometriosis center at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A...
May 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484292/correlation-of-oxidative-stress-markers-with-ultrasound-and-cardiotocography-parameters-with-hypertension-induced-pregnancy
#2
Dragica Draganovic, Nenad Lucic, Dragica Jojic, Snjezana Milicevic
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), especially preeclampsia, is a state of extremely increased oxidative stress (OS), due to decrease of antioxidant capacity in comparison to normotensive pregnant women. The consequences of increased state of oxidative stress with hypertension disorder in pregnancy are disorder of placental blood flow, intrauterine hypoxia of the fetus and disturbance in transfer of O2 manifested as pathological ultrasound (US) parameters (amount of amniotic fluid and biophysical profile of fetus) and cardiotocography parameters (CTG)...
March 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467765/rambam-hospital-is-the-birthplace-of-the-modern-version-of-transvaginal-ultrasound
#3
Ilan E Timor-Tritsch
The worldwide use of the transvaginal scanning route has revolutionized obstetrical and gynecologic imaging. The long, slow, and at times challenging aspects of its acceptance by the obstetrical and gynecologic community are the subject of this article. From its inception to its recent use, the dedicated doctors in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel, were instrumental in conceiving and then collaborating with an Israeli manufacturer in the construction and worldwide use of the transvaginal ultrasound probe, resulting in the now well-known field of transvaginal sonography...
April 28, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461175/in-office-hysteroscopic-extraction-of-intrauterine-devices-in-pregnant-patients-who-underwent-prior-ultrasound-guided-extraction-failure
#4
Shlomo B Cohen, Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Eyal Schiff, Motti Goldenberg, Roy Maschiach
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine an effective method of intrauterine device (IUD) retrieval from pregnant women who had previous unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction failure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian task force classification II-1) SETTING: Gynecology department of an outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: Pregnant patients in their first trimester with IUD in situ who underwent prior unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453631/prenatal-cerebellar-growth-trajectories-and-the-impact-of-periconceptional-maternal-and-fetal-factors
#5
I V Koning, J Dudink, I A L Groenenberg, S P Willemsen, I K M Reiss, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
STUDY QUESTION: CAN WE assess human prenatal cerebellar growth from the first until the third trimester of pregnancy and create growth trajectories to investigate associations with periconceptional maternal and fetal characteristics? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prenatal growth trajectories of the human cerebellum between 9 and 32 weeks gestational age (GA) were created using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and show negative associations with pre-pregnancy and early first trimester BMI calculated from self-reported and standardized measured weight and height, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449311/reproducibility-of-the-international-endometrial-analysis-group-color-score-for-assigning-the-amount-of-flow-within-the-endometrium-using-stored-3-dimensional-volumes
#6
Juan Luis Alcázar, María Ángela Pascual, Silvia Ajossa, Cristina de Lorenzo, Alba Piras, Lourdes Hereter, Leire Juez, Paola Fabbri, Betlem Graupera, Stefano Guerriero
OBJECTIVES: To estimate intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility for assigning an International Endometrial Tumor Analysis (IETA) group color score for endometrial vascularization on color Doppler imaging. METHODS: Sixty-eight endometrial 3-dimensional volumes from endometrial color Doppler assessments of women with different endometrial disorders were evaluated by 8 different examiners (4 skilled examiners and 4 obstetric and gynecologic trainees). One skilled examiner who did not participate in the assessments selected the 68 volumes from a database to select a balanced number of each IETA score...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#7
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390945/intraoperative-factors-that-predict-the-successful-placement-of-essure-microinserts
#8
Chloé J Arthuis, Emmanuel G Simon, Thomas Hébert, Henri Marret
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of coils visualized in the uterotubal junction at the end of hysteroscopic microinsert placement predicts successful tubal occlusion. DESIGN: Cohort retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-three women underwent tubal microinsert placement for permanent birth control from 2010 through 2014...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389908/validation-of-rem-score-to-predict-endometrial-cancer-in-patients-with-ultrasound-endometrial-abnormalities-results-of-a-new-independent-dataset
#9
Francesco Plotti, Stella Capriglione, Corrado Terranova, Roberto Montera, Giuseppe Scaletta, Salvatore Lopez, Daniela Luvero, Antonelli Gianina, Alessia Aloisi, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Roberto Angioli
The risk of endometrial malignancy (REM) score is a model formulated in a previous single-center validation study, which has been shown to predict endometrial cancer in women with ultrasound endometrial abnormalities based on multiple features (clinical, ultrasound and laboratorial). The purpose of this study was to validate the performance of REM score in an external validation setting. A population-based database with patients, who underwent elective hysteroscopy for ultrasound endometrial abnormalities between 2013 and 2016 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Campus Bio-medico of Rome, was used...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326210/cesarean-scar-endometriosis-an-uncommon-surgical-complication-on-the-rise-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Imane Khachani, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Rachid Bezad
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Scar endometriosis has been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. It is a rare condition, though probably on the rise, due to the considerable increase of cesarean sections performed worldwide. Its physiopathology is complex; its symptomatology is rich and diverse but thorough clinical examination along with ultrasound imaging and potentially pretherapeutic cytologic evaluation are usually efficient in diagnosing the condition...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252312/-management-of-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-anti-incontinence-surgery
#11
A Martan, J Mašata, K Švabík
OBJECTIVE: The review article describes the possibilities of procedures for failed anti-incontinence surgery - sling procedure or "bulking agent"? DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correct choice of procedure type to treat persistent SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence) which persists or soon reoccurs after anti-incontinence surgery is often problematic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237993/clinical-validation-of-the-intergrowth-21st-standards-of-fetal-abdominal-circumference-for-the-prediction-of-small-for-gestational-age-neonates-in-italy
#12
Federica Bellussi, Ilaria Cataneo, Silvia Visentin, Giuliana Simonazzi, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Pia Fantini, Stefano Mimmi, Erich Cosmi, Gianluigi Pilu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of the INTERGROWTH-21st (IG-21) with the Italian Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (SIEOG) abdominal circumference (AC) standards in the detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses in a high-risk population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included all pregnant patients with an increased risk of placental insufficiency that were seen in two Italian university hospitals between 2014 and 2015. The accuracy of IG-21 and SIEOG AC standards in the detection of SGA neonates was analyzed by means of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC-AUC) at 4 gestational age intervals (24-27, 28-31, 32-35, >35 weeks)...
February 25, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237988/transabdominal-amniocentesis-is-a-feasible-and-safe-procedure-in-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes
#13
Ivana Musilova, Tomas Bestvina, Jaroslav Stranik, Martin Stepan, Bo Jacobsson, Marian Kacerovsky
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and the complication rate of amniocentesis in a large cohort of women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in all women with singleton gestation complicated by PPROM at between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic between May 2008 and July 2016. Amniocentesis was offered as a part of a routine protocol of PPROM for the detection of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and intra-amniotic inflammation...
February 25, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211804/comparison-of-elastography-based-on-transvaginal-ultrasound-and-mri-in-assessing-parametrial-invasion-of-cervical-cancer
#14
Xi Ma, Qi Li, Jian-Liang Wang, Jun Shao, Yu-Chun Zhu, Wei Ding, Hou-Sheng Zhang, Hong-Yan Wang, Jun-Kang Shen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of transvaginal elastography (TVES) combined with high-resolution transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) in the detection of parametrial invasion in cervical cancer and to compare the diagnostic performance with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 52 women with histologically confirmed cervical cancer over a 2-year period were staged using International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) criteria and underwent MRI and TVES combined with TVS according to a standardized protocol before treatment...
2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210025/vascular-lipoleiomyoma-of-the-uterus-an-unusual-case
#15
Vesna Chibisheva, Vesna Antovska, Milka Trajanova, Drage Dabeski, Rubens Jovanovic, Ivana Kijajova
INTRODUCTION: Uterine lipoleiomyomas are a rare type of uterine myomas, which have been seldom diagnosed and are less known and still unusual. Histologically they are composed of smooth muscle cells with multiple fat cells and fibrous tissue. Their pathogenesis is still a stigmata and their preoperative diagnosis is still questionable. CASE REPORT HISTORY: A 39-year old woman presented at the University clinic for obstetrics and gynecology with complaints of a mild low abdominal and pelvic pain, increased frequency of vaginal bleeding and abdominal distension...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165444/correlation-between-cervical-infection-and-preterm-labor
#16
Larisa Mešić Ðogić, Nenad Lučić, Dragana Mićić, Feđa Omeragić, Enes Hodžić, Seid Fazlagić, Refka Kovač, Nevenka Pavlović
Aim To investigate a correlation between cervical canal infection and imminent preterm labor and to identify most frequent pathogens. Methods A prospective study was conducted in obstetrics/gynecology departments of Health Center and the University Clinical Center Tuzla, and General Hospital Tešanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina, B&H) between October 2013 and May 2014. An examined group included 50 healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancy of the gestation age between the 28th and 37th week, with cervical changes that are related to imminent preterm labor...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164320/perception-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-emergency-medicine-physicians
#17
Whitney Hansen, Carl E Mitchell, Bikash Bhattarai, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, Jeffrey R Stowell
PURPOSE: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is integral to the practice of emergency medicine (EM). Furthermore, EM-performed POCUS (EM-POCUS) offers consultants the opportunity to avoid delays in care due to wait times for confirmatory imaging studies. This study is the first to describe the perception of POCUS to consulting services at a single institution where EM-POCUS is routinely performed. METHODS: This study was conducted as a survey distributed to residents from consultant specialties (internal medicine [IM], general surgery [GS], and obstetrics and gynecology [OB-GYN])...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153573/development-and-assessment-of-a-novel-task-trainer-and-targeting-tasks-for-ultrasound-guided-invasive-procedures
#18
Joshua F Nitsche, Kristina M Shumard, Brian C Brost
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) recommends that all providers performing ultrasound-guided invasive procedures be competent in a core set of guidance skills common to all ultrasound-guided procedures, including in-plane and out-of-plane needle guidance and needle imaging optimization techniques such as probe translation, rotation, and heel-toe standoff. To allow for the practice and assessment of these core skills, we have created a novel task trainer and set of targeting tasks, and sought to obtain validity evidence in the content and response process domains for this training and assessment system according to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing...
January 30, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134395/ultrasound-examination-of-the-fetal-heart
#19
Katherine C Bishop, Jeffrey A Kuller, Brita K Boyd, Eleanor H Rhee, Stephen Miller, Piers Barker
Congenital heart disease (CHD) occurs in 4-13 per 1000 births in the United States. While many risk factors for CHD have been identified, more than 90% of cases occur in low-risk patients. Guidelines for fetal cardiac screening during the second trimester anatomy ultrasound have been developed by the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG) in order to improve antenatal detection rates and to standardize the fetal cardiac screening examination. Patients found to be at increased risk of CHD because of risk factors or an abnormal screening examination should be referred for second trimester fetal echocardiography...
January 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119893/expulsion-of-fibroids-to-the-endometrial-cavity-after-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-surgery-mrgfus-treatment-of-intramural-uterine-fibroids
#20
Jae-Hyeok Jeong, Gil Pyo Hong, Yu-Ri Kim, Da Gyo Hong, Jae-Eun Ha, Jung In Yeom, Eun-Jeong Kim, Hyung-Il Kim, Kyu-Sup Lee
OBJECTIVES: This report seeks to introduce some cases of the patients who received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) surgery (MRgFUS)-based intramural uterine fibroids treatment where the post-MRgFUS intramural uterine fibroids decreased in its volume and protruded towards the endometrial cavity to be expelled by hysteroscopy. METHODS: Of the 157 patients who had received MRgFUS treatment in the Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Hospital from March, 2015 to February, 2016; this study examined 6 of the cases where, after high intensity focused ultrasound treatment, intramural uterine fibroids protruded towards the endometrial cavity to be removed by hysteroscopic myomectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
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