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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931556/non-physician-health-workers-for-improving-adherence-to-medications-and-healthy-lifestyle-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-24-month-follow-up-study
#1
Krishna Kumar Sharma, Rajeev Gupta, Mukul Mathur, Vishnu Natani, Sailesh Lodha, Sanjeeb Roy, Denis Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate usefulness of non-physician health workers (NPHW) to improve adherence to medications and lifestyles following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We randomized 100 patients at hospital discharge following ACS to NPHW intervention (n=50) or standard care (n=50) in an open label study. NPHW was trained for interventions to improve adherence to medicines - antiplatelets, β-blockers, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers and statins and healthy lifestyles...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919289/correlates-of-sex-trading-among-male-non-injecting-drug-users-in-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Kyi Mar Wai, Krishna C Poudel, Hla Hla Win
BACKGROUND: Sex trading is a recognized risk factor for human immune deficiency virus infection and other sexually transmitted infections among non-injecting drug users (NIDUs). However, very little research has addressed the factors associated with sex trading among male NIDUs in Myanmar. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2010 using the respondent-driven sampling method. In total, 210 NIDUs aged between 18 and 49 years, with no history of injecting drug use, and who used non-injected illicit drugs in the last 6 months were recruited...
December 5, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914792/corrigendum-to-characterising-dark-net-marketplace-purchasers-in-a-sample-of-regular-psychostimulant-users-international-journal-of-drug-policy-35-2016-32-37
#3
Joe Van Buskirk, Amanda Roxburgh, Raimondo Bruno, Sundresan Naicker, Simon Lenton, Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Whittaker, Natasha Sindicich, Allison Matthews, Kerryn Butler, Lucinda Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889598/association-between-antipsychotic-drug-use-and-cataracts-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#4
Che-Sheng Chu, Po-Han Chou, Yi-Huei Chen, Min-Wei Huang, Min-Yen Hsu, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Ching-Heng Lin
BACKGROUND: No previous study has focused on the association between use of antipsychotic drugs and the development of cataracts in patients with bipolar disorder (BD); hence, we aimed to examine this association in the present study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective nested case-control study using data from the National Health Insurance Database of Taiwan between 2000 and 2011. A total of 3292 BD patients, 1684 with cataracts and 1608 controls matched for age, sex, and index date, were included...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881100/high-prevalence-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-among-acute-kidney-injury-survivors-in-the-southern-community-cohort-study
#5
Loren Lipworth, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Jennifer Morse, Thomas G Stewart, Edmond K Kabagambe, Sharidan K Parr, Kelly A Birdwell, Michael E Matheny, Adriana M Hung, William J Blot, T Alp Ikizler, Edward D Siew
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used and have been linked to acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients who survive an AKI episode are at risk for future adverse kidney and cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of our study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of NSAID use among AKI survivors. METHODS: The Southern Community Cohort Study is a prospective study of low-income adults aged 40-79 in the southeastern US...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877048/utilization-of-gastroprotective-strategies-for-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-induced-gastrointestinal-events-in-a-major-teaching-hospital
#6
Hooi Leng Lee, Siew Siang Chua, Sanjiv Mahadeva
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical guidelines recommend the prescribing of gastroprotective strategies in nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) users with risk factors for gastrointestinal (GI) ulcer or ulcer complications. However, these guidelines are not often translated into clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of gastroprotective strategies for NSAID-induced upper GI events in at-risk users in a major teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, pharmacy-based study was conducted in a major Asian institution with both primary and secondary health care services...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863827/-assessment-of-physicians-and-nurses-knowledge-and-practices-of-aerosol-therapy
#7
N Eychenne, A Jaouadi, D Macquart de Terline, A Fratta, S Laribe-Caget, O Steichen, C Fernandez, M Antignac
INTRODUCTION: Aerosol therapy is an efficient, but complex procedure. National and international practice guidelines are regularly updated. However, only a few studies have assessed the application of guidelines by users. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and practices of physicians and nurses regarding these guidelines. METHODS: Two self-administered questionnaires were designed by a working team and presented to physicians and nurses of four university hospitals in Paris...
November 15, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862243/antidepressant-adherence-patterns-in-older-patients-use-of-a-clustering-method-on-a-prescription-database
#8
David Braunstein, Amélie Hardy, Quentin Boucherie, Elisabeth Frauger, Olivier Blin, Gaétan Gentile, Joëlle Micallef
According to the World Health Organization, depression will become the second most important cause of disability worldwide by 2020. Our objective was to identify patterns of adherence to antidepressant treatments in older patients using several indicators of adherence and to characterize these patterns in term of medication exposure. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the French National Health Insurance reimbursement database. Incident antidepressant users aged more than 65 were included from July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2011 and followed-up for 18 months...
November 14, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852795/modifiable-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-risk-of-sessile-serrated-polyps-conventional-adenomas-and-hyperplastic-polyps
#9
James R Davenport, Timothy Su, Zhiguo Zhao, Helen G Coleman, Walter E Smalley, Reid M Ness, Wei Zheng, Martha J Shrubsole
OBJECTIVE: To identify modifiable factors associated with sessile serrated polyps (SSPs) and compare the association of these factors with conventional adenomas (ADs) and hyperplastic polyps (HPs). DESIGN: We used data from the Tennessee Colorectal Polyp Study, a colonoscopy-based case-control study. Included were 214 SSP cases, 1779 AD cases, 560 HP cases and 3851 polyp-free controls. RESULTS: Cigarette smoking was associated with increased risk for all polyps and was stronger for SSPs than for ADs (OR 1...
November 15, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846041/factors-affecting-the-sensitivity-of-tc-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-dual-phase-parathyroid-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#10
Mine Araz, Derya Çayir, Mehmet Erdoğan, Bekir Uçan, Erman Çakal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thyroid diseases and regularly used medications on the sensitivity of Tc-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) dual-phase parathyroid single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and to define indicatives of the result of the study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 218 primary hyperparathyroidism patients (190 women, 28 men, mean age: 57±14 years) with thyroid-parathyroid ultrasonography and Tc-99m MIBI dual-phase parathyroid SPECT were retrospectively enrolled...
November 11, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835662/marijuana-use-is-associated-with-behavioral-approach-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#11
Natasha E Wright, Danny Scerpella, Krista M Lisdahl
BACKGROUND: Repeated CB1 binding due to THC results in downregulation of the endocannabinoid system in cortex and limbic regions, perhaps disrupting frontolimbic functioning. This is particularly a concern in young adults who are still undergoing neurodevelopment in frontal and limbic regions. Such disruptions may be linked to increased depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and executive dysfunction, and decreased behavioral approach. OBJECTIVES: Here we examine the influence of young adult marijuana use on anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral approach, and executive dysfunction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826400/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-performance-enhancing-drug-use-among-bodybuilding-athletes-in-the-south-of-iran-bushehr
#12
Mohammad Javad Haerinejad, Afshin Ostovar, Mohamad Reza Farzaneh, Mojtaba Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Several reports have implied progressive increase of performance-enhancing drug (PED) use among Iranian athletes. More importantly, most of the previous research in the Iranian population had mainly focused on the anabolic steroid abuse, and ignored other agents. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of PED use among bodybuilding athletes in Bushehr, south of Iran. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty three male bodybuilding athletes were recruited from Bushehr gyms between February and May of 2015...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785101/agreement-between-pre2dup-register-data-modeling-method-and-comprehensive-drug-use-interview-among-older-persons
#13
Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Marjaana Koponen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen
BACKGROUND: PRE2DUP is a modeling method that generates drug use periods (ie, when drug use started and ended) from drug purchases recorded in dispensing-based register data. It is based on the evaluation of personal drug purchasing patterns and considers hospital stays, possible stockpiling of drugs, and package information. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate person-level agreement between self-reported drug use in the interview and drug use modeled from dispensing data with PRE2DUP method for various drug classes used by older persons...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765141/stuck-in-limbo-illicit-drug-users-experiences-with-opioid-maintenance-treatment-and-the-relation-to-recovery
#14
Trond Erik Grønnestad, Hildegunn Sagvaag
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to gain insight into how individuals who frequent open illicit drug scenes experience opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) and investigate how this appears to affect their recovery processes. METHOD: By means of the ethnographic method, one of the researchers spent time in an open illicit drug scene over a 1-year span, and gathered data on individuals who frequent the scene on a regular basis, and their experiences with OMT...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754161/pl-03-2-remote-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-hypertension-care-practice-of-hypertension-by-teletransmission-of-home-blood-pressure
#15
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745761/-oral-health-of-users-of-psychoactive-substances
#16
Fabien Cohen
This article reminds you that, whatever the psychoactive substance in question, it is not one that has repercussions on the oral health of its user. This affects both the tooth, the periodontal and oral mucosa. Drug addicts, especially those engaged in polydrug use, represent the population at the largest risk for oral cancer. Of all the factors, smoking is by far the largest risk. The alcohol has a synergistic effect with the tobacco, so that the combined effect is more than multiplied. Preventing risks of these products is possible through good oral hygiene and lifestyle, preventive care and followed by a regular dentist...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649264/medication-adherence-in-patients-undergoing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-xi-an-china
#17
Kaina Zhou, Hengxin Li, Xiaoli Wei, Xiaomei Li, Guihua Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To identify medication adherence and its influencing factors among patients of 14 methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in Xi'an, China. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National AIDS Information System-Community Methadone Maintenance Treatment. All patients registered in the system were not permitted to take methadone at home without professionals' supervision. Medication adherence was assessed using categorical (ie, dropout or retained) and continuous (ie, treatment time, methadone use time, and percentage of methadone use days) variables...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643116/pl-03-2-remote-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-hypertension-care-practice-of-hypertension-by-teletransmission-of-home-blood-pressure
#18
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628098/global-longitudinal-strain-a-useful-everyday-measurement
#19
A King, J Thambyrajah, E Leng, M J Stewart
Herceptin (Trastuzumab) is a widely used and effective drug for the treatment of Her2+ breast cancer but its cardiotoxic side effects require regular monitoring by echocardiography. A 10% reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction can lead to suspension of treatment and therefore has significant implications for patient prognosis in terms of cardiac and cancer outcomes. Assessment of LV function by conventional 2D biplane method of discs (2DEF) has limitations in accuracy and reproducibility. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is becoming more widely available and user friendly...
September 2016: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627570/correlates-of-abusing-and-misusing-over-the-counter-pain-relievers-among-adult-population-of-wroc%C3%A5-aw-poland
#20
Monika Wójta-Kempa, Dominik M Krzyżanowski
BACKGROUND: Almost 90% of households in Poland buy medicines on their own initiative. The most popular OTC medicines bought by Polish consumers are painkillers and non-steroid-anti-inflammatory drugs. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article was to recognize and describe the most important predictive factors of the abuse and misuse of over-the-counter pain relievers among adults in Wrocław (Poland). The groups of users were selected and described. Some examples of misuse were analyzed...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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