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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330163/affective-stimuli-in-behavioural-interventions-soliciting-for-health-check-up-services-and-the-service-users-socioeconomic-statuses-a-study-at-japanese-pachinko-parlours
#1
Naoki Kondo, Yoshiki Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically vulnerable people are likely to have more health risks because of inadequate behaviour choices related to chronic social stresses. Brain science suggests that stress causes cognitively biased automatic decision making, preferring instant stress relief and pleasure (eg, smoking, alcohol use and drug abuse) as opposed to reflectively seeking health-maintenance services (eg, health check-ups). As such, hedonic stimuli that nudge people towards preventive actions could reduce health behaviour disparities...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313763/sexual-violence-and-the-risk-of-hiv-transmission-in-sexual-partners-of-male-injecting-drug-users-in-tien-du-district-bac-ninh-province-of-vietnam
#2
Do Thi Vinh, Ho Thi Hien, Nguyen Manh Tri, Do Khac Huynh
We conducted a cross-sectional study among 148 women who were regular sexual partners of male injecting drug users in Tien Du, Bac Ninh province, Vietnam to identify the rate of HIV infection and factors associated with HIV transmission among them. HIV infection rate among sexual partners was high, 11.5%. Sexual violence was prevalent, 63.5% among sexual partners; 94.1% (16/17) among those with HIV. We discovered an association between sexual violence and HIV infection. Sexual partners suffering from sexual violence caused by their regular sexual partners faced 9...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285812/are-government-approved-products-containing-new-psychoactive-substances-perceived-to-be-safer-and-more-socially-acceptable-than-alcohol-tobacco-and-illegal-drugs-findings-from-a-survey-of-police-arrestees-in-new-zealand
#3
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins, Karl Parker, Karen Witten
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In July 2013, New Zealand passed the Psychoactive Substances Act (PSA), which established a legal regulated market for government-approved products containing new psychoactive substances (NPS). One of the aims of the PSA was to separate the market for approved NPS products from unapproved products and illegal drugs. The aim of this study was to explore perceived health risks and social acceptability of government-approved NPS compared to unapproved NPS and other drugs...
December 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282091/gender-differences-in-patterns-of-drug-use-and-sexual-risky-behaviour-among-crack-cocaine-users-in-central-brazil
#4
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Vivianne de Oliveira Landgraf de Castro, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Andréa Cristina Stabile, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Lyriane Apolinário Araujo, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano, Marcos André de Matos, Sheila Araujo Teles
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare sociodemographic characteristics, patterns of drug use, and risky sexual behaviour among female and male users of crack cocaine. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 919 crack cocaine users (783 men and 136 women) in Central Brazil using face-to-face interviews. Blood samples were collected to test for syphilis. The Chi-Square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) was used to explore the differences between genders...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280915/bladder-cancer-risk-in-users-of-selected-drugs-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#5
Valentina Guercio, Federica Turati, Cristina Bosetti, Jerry Polesel, Diego Serraino, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Antonio Galfano, Carlo La Vecchia, Alessandra Tavani
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between bladder cancer risk and the use of selected drugs for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention, such as aspirin, statins, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs). We analyzed data from a multicentric case-control study carried out in Italy between 2003 and 2014, including 690 bladder cancer cases and 665 hospital controls. Odds ratios (ORs) of bladder cancer and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression models...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241103/prevalence-and-correlates-of-benzodiazepine-use-and-misuse-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#6
Benjamin A Bouvier, Katherine M Waye, Beth Elston, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine use dramatically increases the risk of unintentional overdose among people who use opioids non-medically. However, little is known about the patterns of co-occurring benzodiazepine and opioid use among young adults in the United States. METHODS: The Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS) was a cross-sectional study from January 2015-February 2016. RAPiDS recruited 200 young adults aged 18-29 who reported past 30-day non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241082/the-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-and-working-memory-training-on-cocaine-use-craving-and-inhibition-in-regular-cocaine-users-correspondence-of-lab-assessments-and-ecological-momentary-assessment
#7
Mieke H J Schulte, Reinout W Wiers, Wouter J Boendermaker, Anna E Goudriaan, Wim van den Brink, Denise S van Deursen, Malte Friese, Emily Brede, Andrew J Waters
INTRODUCTION: Effective treatment for cocaine use disorder should dampen hypersensitive cue-induced motivational processes and/or strengthen executive control. Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention, the primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) and working memory (WM)-training to reduce cocaine use and craving and to improve inhibition assessed in the laboratory and during Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA). The second aim was to examine correspondence between laboratory and EMA data...
December 11, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226762/assessing-cognitive-functioning-in-individuals-with-cocaine-use-disorder
#8
Kirsten M Frazer, Jennifer J Manly, Geraldine Downey, Carl L Hart
INTRODUCTION: There have been mixed findings assessing the impact of regular cocaine use on cognitive functioning. This study employed a comprehensive cognitive battery to compare the performance of individuals diagnosed with a cocaine use disorder (N = 3 abusers, N = 17 dependent) against the performance of two control groups: (a) non-drug-users, and (b) marijuana users who report no cocaine use (N = 7 marijuana abusers, N = 0 dependent, N = 13 marijuana users with no Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, DSM-IV, diagnosis)...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222744/activation-of-intestinal-gr-fxr-and-ppar%C3%AE-ugt-signaling-exacerbates-ibuprofen-induced-enteropathy-in-mice
#9
Zhiqiang Lu, Yuanfu Lu, Xue Wang, Fangyu Wang, Youcai Zhang
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-induced small intestinal injury (enteropathy) occurs in about two-thirds of regular NSAID users. To date, there is no proven-effective treatment for NSAID enteropathy, and its underlying mechanism remains obscure. The present study showed that glucocorticoids are an important determinant of NSAID enteropathy. High dose dexamethasone (DEX, 75 mg/kg) markedly exacerbated the acute toxicity of ibuprofen (IBU, 200 mg/kg) in the small intestine of mice, which was not due to the pregnane-X-receptor pathway...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191570/the-effect-of-interactions-between-genetics-and-cannabis-use-on-neurocognition-a-review
#10
REVIEW
E Cosker, T Schwitzer, N Ramoz, F Ligier, L Lalanne, P Gorwood, R Schwan, V Laprévote
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is one of the most widely-used drugs in industrialized countries. It is now well established that cannabis use impacts neurocognition. In the intoxication period time episodic memory, working memory and attention are impacted and impulsivity is increased. The long-term effects of cannabis use tend to be similar. Various internal factors, such as sex differences, modulate this impact. It is unclear whether genetic variations can also influence the impact of cannabis on neurocognition...
November 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185250/management-of-hepatitis-c-in-decentralised-versus-centralised-drug-substitution-programmes-and-minimally-invasive-point-of-care-tests-to-close-gaps-in-the-hcv-cascade
#11
Andrea Bregenzer, Anna Conen, Jürg Knuchel, Andrée Friedl, Franz Eigenmann, Martin Näf, Peter Ackle, Martin Roth, Christoph Andreas Fux
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, intravenous drug use accounts for the majority of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Early HCV treatment prevents further transmissions and reduces morbidity and mortality due to decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nevertheless, patients in drug substitution programmes are often insufficiently screened and treated. AIM: The aim was to compare the current state of HCV management in centralised and decentralised drug substitution programmes of the canton Aargau...
November 29, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173210/psychosocial-functioning-among-regular-cannabis-users-with-and-without-cannabis-use-disorder
#12
Katherine T Foster, Brooke J Arterberry, William G Iacono, Matt McGue, Brian M Hicks
BACKGROUND: In the United States, cannabis accessibility has continued to rise as the perception of its harmfulness has decreased. Only about 30% of regular cannabis users develop cannabis use disorder (CUD), but it is unclear if individuals who use cannabis regularly without ever developing CUD experience notable psychosocial impairment across the lifespan. Therefore, psychosocial functioning was compared across regular cannabis users with or without CUD and a non-user control group during adolescence (age 17; early risk) and young adulthood (ages 18-25; peak CUD prevalence)...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166445/regular-access-and-adherence-to-medications-of-the-specialized-component-of-pharmaceutical-services
#13
Janaína Soder Fritzen, Fabiane Raquel Motter, Vera Maria Vieira Paniz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the adherence to the medications of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services and its association with regular access in users of these medications in the municipality of São Leopoldo, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with adults aged 20 years and over, who are users of medications of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services. Sampling was carried out consecutively for users who accessed the service of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services during the period from December 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151367/surveillance-of-the-armed-forces-as-a-sentinel-system-for-detecting-adverse-effects-of-dietary-supplements-in-the-general-population
#14
Harris R Lieberman, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina
OBJECTIVE: Half the US population takes dietary supplements, but surveillance systems available to regulatory and public health authorities to determine whether specific dietary supplements present a risk are inadequate and numerous severe injuries and deaths have occurred from their consumption. Uniformed military personnel regularly use dietary supplements and are more likely to use potentially dangerous supplements than civilians. Recently, the supplement 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) was marketed for physical performance-enhancement and weight loss...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140469/superdrug2-a-one-stop-resource-for-approved-marketed-drugs
#15
Vishal B Siramshetty, Oliver Andreas Eckert, Björn-Oliver Gohlke, Andrean Goede, Qiaofeng Chen, Prashanth Devarakonda, Saskia Preissner, Robert Preissner
Regular monitoring of drug regulatory agency web sites and similar resources for information on new drug approvals and changes to legal status of marketed drugs is impractical. It requires navigation through several resources to find complete information about a drug as none of the publicly accessible drug databases provide all features essential to complement in silico drug discovery. Here, we propose SuperDRUG2 (http://cheminfo.charite.de/superdrug2) as a comprehensive knowledge-base of approved and marketed drugs...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135117/what-is-the-connection-between-serum-phosphorus-cancer-and-heroin-a-medical-hypothesis-based-on-observational-studies
#16
Vassilis Kouloulias, Christos-David Papaloucas, Aristofanis Papaloucas
Considering the results of a previous study in which 2321 regular heroin addicts who died without having stopped taking the drug since they had started - from various causes but none from cancer, may mean something. Our first thought was: Can't we hypothesize, reinforcing our previous view that heroin is a "barrier" against cancer and as the user gets in the methadone program he/she lacks the "barrier" and therefore is liable to develop cancer? We have already reported that the amount of blood phosphorus in heroin addicted is significantly lower than in healthy ones...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118203/condom-use-behaviour-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-seven-country-community-based-participatory-research-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#17
Keshab Deuba, Verena Kohlbrenner, Sushil Koirala, Anna Mia Ekström
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and its correlates among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: Between 1 October 2012 and 31 May 2013, a total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam. Logistic regression was used to explore the association between condom use behaviour and demographics, social support, stigma and discrimination and various health-related variables...
November 8, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103076/impact-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-state-level-marijuana-use-by-age-and-gender-2004-2013
#18
Christine M Mauro, Paul Newswanger, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Pia M Mauro, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
In states that have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), marijuana use (MU) increased after MML enactment among people ages 26 and older, but not among ages 12-25. We examined whether the age-specific impact of MMLs on MU varied by gender. Data were obtained from the 2004-2013 restricted-use National Survey on Drug Use and Health, aggregated at the state level. The exposure was a time-varying indicator of state-level MML (0 = No Law, 1 = Before Law, 2 = After Law). Outcomes included past-month MU prevalence, daily MU prevalence among past-year users (i...
November 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095288/severe-enteropathy-with-villous-atrophy-in-prolonged-mefenamic-acid-users-a-currently-under-recognized-in-previously-well-recognized-complication-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Uayporn Kaosombatwattana, Julajak Limsrivilai, Ananya Pongpaibul, Monthira Maneerattanaporn, Phunchai Charatcharoenwitthaya
RATIONALE: Mefenamic acid-induced enteropathy may be an under-recognized condition because few reported cases and no review of literature to comprehensively describe all reported cases exist. From inception until February 2017, a systematic literature search identified twenty original reports of cases of mefenamic acid-induced enteropathy. Additional five cases were identified at our hospital. All cases were included in the analyses. PATIENT CONCERNS: Most patients had been regularly taking therapeutic dosages of mefenamic acid for at least three months before symptoms developed...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992764/use-of-guidelines-for-reducing-stroke-risk-in-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-review-from-a-latin-american-perspective
#20
Carlos Cantú-Brito, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Sebastián F Ameriso
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a prominent risk factor for stroke and a leading cause of death and disability throughout Latin America. Contemporary evidence-based guidelines for the management of AF and stroke incorporate the use of practical and relatively simple scoring methods to estimate both stroke and bleeding risk, in order to assist in matching patients with appropriate interventions. This review examines consistencies and differences among guidelines for reducing stroke risk in patients with AF, assessing the role of user-friendly scoring methods to determine appropriate patients for anticoagulation and other treatment options...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
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