keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Monocyte/macrophage cell therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912071/classical-and-alternative-macrophages-have-impaired-function-during-acute-and-chronic-hiv-1-infection
#1
Leonardo J Galvão-Lima, Milena S Espíndola, Luana S Soares, Fabiana A Zambuzi, Maira Cacemiro, Caroline Fontanari, Valdes R Bollela, Fabiani G Frantz
OBJECTIVES: Three decades after HIV recognition and its association with AIDS development, many advances have emerged - especially related to prevention and treatment. Undoubtedly, the development of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) dramatically changed the future of the syndrome that we know today. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of HAART on macrophage function and its relevance to HIV pathogenesis. METHODS: PBMCs were isolated from blood samples and monocytes (CD14+ cells) were purified...
November 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906000/the-antiviral-compound-bit225-inhibits-hiv-1-replication-in-myeloid-dendritic-cells
#2
Gabriela Khoury, Gary Ewart, Carolyn Luscombe, Michelle Miller, John Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies with BIT225 (N-carbamimidoyl-5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2-naphthamide) have demonstrated a unique antiviral activity that blocks the release of HIV-1 from monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Antagonising the ion channel formed by HIV-1 Vpu, BIT225 preferentially targets de novo intracellular virus produced in 'virus-containing compartments' of MDM. In primary infections, dendritic cells (DC) are one of the first cells infected by HIV-1 and can transfer virus to more permissive CD4(+) T cells, making these cells an important target for novel antiviral therapies...
February 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897220/impact-of-the-microbial-derived-short-chain-fatty-acid-propionate-on-host-susceptibility-to-bacterial-and-fungal-infections-in-vivo
#3
Eleonora Ciarlo, Tytti Heinonen, Jacobus Herderschee, Craig Fenwick, Matteo Mombelli, Didier Le Roy, Thierry Roger
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by intestinal microbes mediate anti-inflammatory effects, but whether they impact on antimicrobial host defenses remains largely unknown. This is of particular concern in light of the attractiveness of developing SCFA-mediated therapies and considering that SCFAs work as inhibitors of histone deacetylases which are known to interfere with host defenses. Here we show that propionate, one of the main SCFAs, dampens the response of innate immune cells to microbial stimulation, inhibiting cytokine and NO production by mouse or human monocytes/macrophages, splenocytes, whole blood and, less efficiently, dendritic cells...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895180/regulatory-t-cells-promote-myositis-and-muscle-damage-in-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#4
Richard M Jin, Sarah J Blair, Jordan Warunek, Reid R Heffner, Ira J Blader, Elizabeth A Wohlfert
The coordination of macrophage polarization is essential for the robust regenerative potential of skeletal muscle. Repair begins with a phase mediated by inflammatory monocytes (IM) and proinflammatory macrophages (M1), followed by polarization to a proregenerative macrophage (M2) phenotype. Recently, regulatory T cells (Tregs) were described as necessary for this M1 to M2 transition. We report that chronic infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii causes a nonresolving Th1 myositis with prolonged tissue damage associated with persistent M1 accumulation...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888616/ccl2-egf-positive-feedback-loop-between-cancer-cells-and-macrophages-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Lu Gao, Feng-Qin Wang, Hui-Min Li, Jie-Gang Yang, Jian-Gang Ren, Ke-Fei He, Bing Liu, Wei Zhang, Yi-Fang Zhao
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents the most frequent malignancy in the head and neck region, and the survival rate has not been improved significantly over the past three decades. It has been reported the infiltrated macrophages contribute to the malignant progression of HNSCC. However, the crosstalk between macrophages and cancer cells remains poorly understood. In the present study, we explored interactions between monocytes/macrophages and HNSCC cells by establishing the direct co-culture system, and found that the crosstalk promoted the migration and invasion of cancer cells by enhancing the invadopodia formation through a CCL2/EGF positive feedback loop...
November 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858493/sp110b-controls-host-immunity-and-susceptibility-to-tuberculosis
#6
Jia-Shiun Leu, Mei-Ling Chen, So-Yi Chang, Sung-Liang Yu, Chia-Wei Lin, Hsuan Wang, Wan-Chen Chen, Chin-Hao Chang, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee, Chong-Jen Yu, Igor Kramnik, Bo-Shiun Yan, Pan-Chyr Yang
RATIONALE: How host genetic factors affect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection outcomes remains largely unknown. SP110b, an interferon (IFN)-induced nuclear protein, is the nearest human homolog to the mouse Ipr1 protein that has been shown to control host innate immunity to Mtb infection. However, the function(s) of SP110b remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the role of SP110b in controlling the host immunity and susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) as well as to identify the fundamental immunological and molecular mechanisms affected by SP110b...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852701/bai1-orchestrates-macrophage-inflammatory-response-to-hsv-infection-implications-for-oncolytic-viral-therapy
#7
Chelsea M Bolyard, Walter Hans Meisen, Yeshavanth Banasavadi-Siddegowda, Jayson Hardcastle, Ji Young Yoo, Eric S Wohleb, Jeffrey Wojton, Jun-Ge Yu, Samuel Dubin, Maninder Khosla, Bo Xu, Jonathon G Smith, Christopher Alvarez-Breckenridge, Pete Pow-Anpongkul, Flavia Pichiorri, Jianying Zhang, Matthew Old, Dan Zhu, Erwin G Van Meir, Jonathan Godbout, Michael A Caligiuri, Jianhua Yu, Balveen Kaur
PURPOSE: Brain Angiogenesis Inhibitor (BAI1) facilitates phagocytosis, and bacterial pathogen clearance by macrophages; however, its role in viral infections is unknown. Here we examined the role of BAI1, and its N-terminal cleavage fragment (Vstat120) in antiviral macrophage responses to oncolytic herpes simplex virus (oHSV). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Changes in infiltration and activation of monocytic and microglial cells after treatment of glioma-bearing mice brains with a control (rHSVQ1) or Vstat120-expressing (RAMBO) oHSV was analyzed using flow cytometry...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829421/bovine-lactoferrin-free-of-lipopolysaccharide-can-induce-a-proinflammatory-response-of-macrophages
#8
Nada Zemankova, Katarina Chlebova, Jan Matiasovic, Jana Prodelalova, Jan Gebauer, Martin Faldyna
BACKGROUND: Lactoferrin (LF) is an 80 kDa glycoprotein which is known for its effects against bacteria, viruses and other pathogens. It also has a high potential in nutrition therapy and welfare of people and a variety of animals, including piglets. The ability to bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the described anti-inflammatory mechanisms of LF. Previous studies suggested that cells can be stimulated even by LPS-free LF. Therefore, the aim of our study was to bring additional information about this possibility...
November 10, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825563/resveratrol-inhibits-lung-cancer-growth-by-suppressing-m2-like-polarization-of-tumor-associated-macrophages
#9
Liwei Sun, Bonian Chen, Rong Jiang, Jinduo Li, Bin Wang
In cancer, tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in the cancer progression, evasion of immunity and dissemination of cancer cells. Inhibition of the activation or the M2 polarization of TAMs is an effective therapy for cancer. In the present study, we investigated the ability of resveratrol (RES) to inhibit lung cancer growth using in vitro and in vivo studies, and examined the underlying mechanisms. We demonstrated that M2 polarization of human monocyte derived macrophage (HMDMs) induced by the lung cancer cells conditioned medium was inhibited by RES...
November 2, 2016: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822063/the-accumulation-of-macrophages-attenuates-the-effect-of-recombinant-human-endostatin-on-lung-cancer
#10
Yanyang Liu, Li Tu, Li Wang, Jianlin Long, Jiantao Wang, Yuyi Wang, Feng Luo, Dan Cao
BACKGROUND: Although anti-angiogenic therapy is widely applied clinically, its efficacy has been less than expected. Screening for regulatory factors and sensitive indicators to define the effectiveness of these drugs is required. Through a retrospective study of clinical data, we found that patients with a higher peripheral monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) obtained less benefit from recombinant human endostatin (rhES, Endostar(®)), an anti-angiogenic drug, in lung cancer. Because MLR is positively correlated with macrophage count in tumors, this result suggests that macrophages may influence the effectiveness of rhES therapy in lung cancer...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821556/amnion-epithelial-cells-promote-lung-repair-via-lipoxin-a4
#11
Jean L Tan, Yan Z Tan, Ruth Muljadi, Siow T Chan, Sin N Lau, Joanne C Mockler, Euan M Wallace, Rebecca Lim
: : Human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) have been shown to possess potent immunomodulatory properties across a number of disease models. Recently, we reported that hAECs influence macrophage polarization and activity, and that this step was dependent on regulatory T cells. In this study, we aimed to assess the effects of hAEC-derived proresolution lipoxin-A4 (LXA4) on T-cell, macrophage, and neutrophil phenotype and function during the acute phase of bleomycin-induced lung injury. Using C57Bl6 mice, we administered 4 million hAECs intraperitoneally 24 hours after bleomycin challenge...
November 7, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818593/macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-expressed-in-non-cancer-tissues-provides-predictive-powers-for-recurrence-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Hiroshi Kono, Hideki Fujii, Shinji Furuya, Michio Hara, Kazuyoshi Hirayama, Yoshihiro Akazawa, Yuuki Nakata, Masato Tsuchiya, Naohiro Hosomura, Chao Sun
AIM: To investigate the role of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgery. METHODS: Expression of M-CSF, distribution of M2 macrophages (MΦs), and angiogenesis were assessed in the liver, including tumors and peritumoral liver tissues. The prognostic power of these factors was assessed. Mouse isolated hepatic MΦs or monocytes were cultured with media containing M-CSF. The concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in media was assessed...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792886/tim-3-expression-on-immune-cells-and-roles-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface
#13
REVIEW
Xiao-Hui Hu, Mao-Xing Tang, Gil Mor, Ai-Hua Liao
Successful pregnancy relies on the accurate regulation of the maternal-fetal immune system. Without enough tolerance in the uterine microenvironment, the mother and the hemiallogeneic fetus could not peacefully coexist. T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain (Tim)-3 is a molecule originally regarded as to be expressed on terminally differentiated IFN-γ expressing CD4(+) T cells (Th1). The engagement of Tim-3 with its ligand, galectin-9 (Gal-9) could induce the exhaustion or apoptosis of effector T cells, and thus might regulate the tolerance...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790620/immune-modulation-of-cardiac-repair-and-regeneration-the-art-of-mending-broken-hearts
#14
REVIEW
Ivana Zlatanova, Cristina Pinto, Jean-Sébastien Silvestre
The accumulation of immune cells is among the earliest responses that manifest in the cardiac tissue after injury. Both innate and adaptive immunity coordinate distinct and mutually non-exclusive events governing cardiac repair, including elimination of the cellular debris, compensatory growth of the remaining cardiac tissue, activation of resident or circulating precursor cells, quantitative and qualitative modifications of the vascular network, and formation of a fibrotic scar. The present review summarizes the mounting evidence suggesting that the inflammatory response also guides the regenerative process following cardiac damage...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748139/nuclear-erk5-inhibits-progression-of-leukemic-monocytes-to-macrophages-by-regulating-the-transcription-factor-pu-1-and-heat-shock-protein-hsp70
#15
Ruifang Zheng, George P Studzinski
Differentiation therapy can supplement the therapy of APL, but other subtypes of AML are treated principally with cytotoxic agents, with few lasting remissions. While the induction of monocyte followed by macrophage differentiation by vitamin D derivatives (VDDs) is dramatic in cultured AML cells of all subtypes, attempts to translate this to the clinic have not been effective. Thus, better understanding of the mechanisms underlying VDD-induced differentiation may improve this approach. The key events in this form of differentiation include increased expression of CD11b, and the transcription factor PU...
October 17, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742844/endothelial-cells-promote-expansion-of-long-term-engrafting-marrow-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-in-primates
#16
Jennifer L Gori, Jason M Butler, Balvir Kunar, Michael G Poulos, Michael Ginsberg, Daniel J Nolan, Zachary K Norgaard, Jennifer E Adair, Shahin Rafii, Hans-Peter Kiem
: : Successful expansion of bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) would benefit many HSPC transplantation and gene therapy/editing applications. However, current expansion technologies have been limited by a loss of multipotency and self-renewal properties ex vivo. We hypothesized that an ex vivo vascular niche would provide prohematopoietic signals to expand HSPCs while maintaining multipotency and self-renewal. To test this hypothesis, BM autologous CD34(+) cells were expanded in endothelial cell (EC) coculture and transplanted in nonhuman primates...
October 14, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737697/loss-of-cerebellar-neurons-in-the-progression-of-lentiviral-disease-effects-of-cns-permeant-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Christian Wächter, Lee E Eiden, Nedye Naumann, Candan Depboylu, Eberhard Weihe
BACKGROUND: The majority of investigations on HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) neglect the cerebellum in spite of emerging evidence for its role in higher cognitive functions and dysfunctions in common neurodegenerative diseases. METHODS: We systematically investigated the molecular and cellular responses of the cerebellum as contributors to lentiviral infection-induced neurodegeneration, in the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaque model for HIV infection and HAND...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726819/mechanisms-of-myeloid-cell-modulation-of-atherosclerosis
#18
Filip K Swirski, Matthias Nahrendorf, Peter Libby
Inflammation furnishes a series of pathogenic pathways that couple the risk factors for atherosclerosis with altered behavior of the intrinsic cells of the arterial wall, endothelium, and smooth muscle and promote the disease and its complications. Myeloid cells participate critically in all phases of atherosclerosis from initiation through progression, and ultimately the thrombotic consequences of this disease. Foam cells, lipid-laden macrophages, constitute the hallmark of atheromata. Much of the recent expansion in knowledge of the roles of myeloid cells in atherosclerosis revolves around the functional contributions of subsets of monocytes, precursors of macrophages, the most abundant myeloid cells in the atheroma...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696567/phenotype-and-influx-kinetics-of-leukocytes-and-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-kidney-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#19
Timothy M Williams, Andrea F Wise, Daniel S Layton, Sharon D Ricardo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Kidney ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury is characterised by tubular epithelial cell (TEC) death and an inflammatory response involving cytokine production and immune cell infiltration. In various kidney diseases, increased macrophage numbers correlate with injury severity and poor prognosis. However, macrophage plasticity enables a diverse range of functions, including wound healing, making them a key target for novel therapies. This study aimed to comprehensively characterise the changes in myeloid and epithelial cells and the production of cytokines throughout the experimental IR model of acute kidney injury to aid in the identification of targets to promote and enhance kidney regeneration and repair...
October 1, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695122/involvement-of-macrophages-in-the-pathogenesis-of-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-and-efficacy-of-human-ips-cell-derived-macrophages-in-its-treatment
#20
Genki Suenaga, Tokunori Ikeda, Yoshihiro Komohara, Koutaro Takamatsu, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Masayoshi Tasaki, Yohei Misumi, Mitsuharu Ueda, Takaaki Ito, Satoru Senju, Yukio Ando
We hypothesized that tissue-resident macrophages in familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) patients will exhibit qualitative or quantitative abnormalities, that may accelerate transthyretin (TTR)-derived amyloid deposition. To evaluate this, we examined the number and subset of tissue-resident macrophages in heart tissue from amyloid-deposited FAP and control patients. In both FAP and control patients, tissue-resident macrophages in heart tissue were all Iba+/CD163+/CD206+ macrophages. However, the number of macrophages was significantly decreased in FAP patients compared with control patients...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
43308
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"