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kleptomania

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703105/-the-concept-and-treatment-of-kleptomania
#1
Michio Takemura
Research on kleptomania has lagged behind that of other mental disorders, and very few clinicians specialize in treating such patients. Futhermore, the descriptive outline of kleptomania in the DSM-5 is vague. In 2008, we started a registration system for patients suffering from habitual theft, which has recorded 1430 cases since its inauguration. In this report, we explain the concept of kleptomania and describe our clinical experience in the treatment of patients suffering from this mental disorder. The most frequent complication of kleptomania was found to be eating disorder (especially bulimia)...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401883/naltrexone-a-pan-addiction-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Elias Aboujaoude, Wael O Salame
Addiction is a major public health problem with few efficacious and safe treatments. The goal of this review is to provide an evidence-based assessment of the therapeutic role of the opioid antagonist naltrexone across the addiction spectrum-substance-based and behavioral. The PubMed database was searched for randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials that investigated the oral or intramuscular long-acting formulation of naltrexone in substance use disorders or behavioral addictions such as pathological gambling, kleptomania, and trichotillomania...
August 2016: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969837/behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia-fundamental-clinical-issues-associated-with-prediction-of-pathological-bases
#3
Tomoko Miki, Osamu Yokota, Hideki Ishizu, Shigetoshi Kuroda, Etsuko Oshima, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada
Behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is a clinical syndrome characterized mainly by behavioral symptoms due to frontal dysfunction. Major neurodegenerative bases of bvFTD include Pick's disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration with trans-activation response DNA protein 43-positive inclusions, corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy. Early disinhibition characterized by socially inappropriate behaviors, loss of manners, and impulsive, rash and careless actions is the most important clinical feature of bvFTD...
August 2016: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928277/-adh-d-and-impulsiveness-prevalence-of-impulse-control-disorders-and-other-comorbidities-in-81-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adh-d
#4
R Porteret, J Bouchez, F J Baylé, I Varescon
UNLABELLED: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADH/D) is a neuropsychological developmental disorder characterized by pervasive and impairing symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Whereas it is well known in children, there is still little information about ADH/D in adults, including prevalence. Indeed, there are actually no epidemiological studies in France, despite the considerable impact of this disorder in a patient's professional and affective life. Moreover, ADH/D rarely stays isolated, and many comorbidities often complicate the diagnostic investigation...
April 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798982/opioid-antagonists-in-broadly-defined-behavioral-addictions-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Marcelo Piquet-Pessôa, Leonardo F Fontenelle
INTRODUCTION: Naltrexone (NTX), a mu-opioid receptor antagonist, has been approved for the treatment of alcoholism and opioid dependence. More recently, however, NTX and a related drug, nalmefene (NMF), have also shown positive results for the treatment of gambling disorders. AREAS COVERED: In this study, we reviewed the trials testing the effect of opioid antagonists (OA) in gambling disorders and in other broadly defined behavioral addictions, including selected DSM-5 disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, eating disorders, and other conditions not currently recognized by official classification schemes...
2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26648022/characteristics-and-correlates-of-stealing-in-college-students
#6
Jon E Grant, Brian L Odlaug, Katherine Lust, Gary Christenson
BACKGROUND: Stealing is a fairly common behaviour among young adults. Understanding the potential associations and characteristics of individuals who steal may help educational institutions, health services and young people themselves resolve difficulties before the behaviour impacts on their academic performance and health. AIMS: We aim to test the hypothesis that desires to steal among students would be associated with worse academic achievements and higher rates of mood and impulse control disorders...
April 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585600/behavioural-addiction-a-rising-tide
#7
Samuel R Chamberlain, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Anna E Goudriaan, Ruth Janke van Holst, Joseph Zohar, Jon E Grant
The term 'addiction' was traditionally used in relation to centrally active substances, such as cocaine, alcohol, or nicotine. Addiction is not a unitary construct but rather incorporates a number of features, such as repetitive engagement in behaviours that are rewarding (at least initially), loss of control (spiralling engagement over time), persistence despite untoward functional consequences, and physical dependence (evidenced by withdrawal symptoms when intake of the substance diminishes). It has been suggested that certain psychiatric disorders characterized by maladaptive, repetitive behaviours share parallels with substance addiction and therefore represent 'behavioural addictions'...
May 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104772/using-star-wars-supporting-characters-to-teach-about-psychopathology
#8
Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Cw Hall
OBJECTIVES: The pop culture phenomenon of Star Wars has been underutilised as a vehicle to teach about psychiatry. It is well known to students, registrars, and consultants alike. New Star Wars films are expected out in 2015, which will likely lead to further popularity. The purpose of this article is to illustrate psychopathology and psychiatric themes demonstrated by supporting characters, and ways they can be used to teach concepts in a hypothetical yet memorable way. CONCLUSIONS: Using the minor characters as a springboard for teaching has the benefit of students not having preconceived notions about them...
August 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25909797/-comorbodity-of-kleptomania-and-eating-disorders
#9
A E Bryukhin, M B Sologub, N K Abdraeva
A case of comorbid anorexia nervosa and kleptomania is reported in a female patient aged 31 years old. Personality pathology and kleptomanic behavior developed since childhood together with dysmorphophobia related to the congenital chest defect. Later on, the distinct association between the severity of dysmorphophobia, affective disorder and appearances of pathological drives was identified. The patient received several ICD-10 diagnoses (F61.0, F50.0, F62.3, F33.1). The patient's condition was improved after pharmacotherapy in the combination with psychotherapy...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25660732/the-relationship-of-dsm-iv-pathological-gambling-to-compulsive-buying-and-other-possible-spectrum-disorders-results-from-the-iowa-pg-family-study
#10
Donald W Black, William Coryell, Raymond Crowe, Martha Shaw, Brett McCormick, Jeff Allen
This study investigates the possible relationship between pathological gambling (PG) and potential spectrum disorders including the DSM-IV impulse control disorders (intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, pyromania, trichotillomania) and several non-DSM disorders (compulsive buying disorder, compulsive sexual behavior, Internet addiction). PG probands, controls, and their first-degree relatives were assessed with instruments of known reliability. Detailed family history information was collected on relatives who were deceased or unavailable...
March 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25630329/kleptomania-a-case-series
#11
Bharat Saluja, Lai Gwen Chan, Dani Dhaval
Kleptomania is an enigmatic condition and is among the very few psychiatric disorders in which crime is medicalised and used as a legal defence. The scientific literature on kleptomania is scarce. Early literature and recent studies have shown a female preponderance, with an early age of onset of stealing in people with comorbid personality disorder(s). In a retrospective review of the case notes of theft offenders who had forensic psychiatric evaluations performed in a one-year period in 2010 at the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, we found three patients who were diagnosed with kleptomania...
December 2014: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25540525/kleptomania-beyond-serotonin
#12
Ajish G Mangot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25306380/treating-kleptomania-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-kleptomania-symptom-assessment-scale-and-assessment-of-an-outpatient-program
#13
Aparecida Rangon Christianini, Maria Aparecida Conti, Norman Hearst, Táki Athanássios Cordás, Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Hermano Tavares
BACKGROUND: Kleptomania is characterized by repetitive stealing and has severe consequences for patients. Stigma, a lack of standardized therapy and a limited number of assessment tools hinder advances in treatment. This study provides preliminary data on the Portuguese-language version of the Kleptomania Symptom Assessment Scale (P-K-SAS) and preliminary data on an outpatient program. METHODS: Experts in the field analyzed an initial P-K-SAS version, produced through translation/back-translation, in order to arrive at a final version...
January 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24941141/study-of-impulse-control-disorders-among-women-presenting-nicotine-dependence
#14
Michel Lejoyeux, Laurent Kerner, Isabelle Thauvin, Sabrina Loi
Objective. Impulse control disorders (ICDs) include intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, trichotillomania, pyromania and pathological gambling. Several studies have showed an association between ICDs and alcohol use disorders. The rate of co-occurrence ICDs and nicotine dependence has never been investigated. We thus assessed the frequency of all ICDs in a population of nicotine-dependent women compared to non-smoking women. We also checked criteria of two other impulsive behaviours, compulsive buying and bulimia...
2006: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24574573/emergence-of-kleptomania-during-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-fluvoxamine
#15
Parveen Rani Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24538513/-stealing-and-kleptomania
#16
S STUCHLIK
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1950: Nápravná Pedagogika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24405774/impulse-control-disorders-in-elderly-patients
#17
Lut Tamam, Mehtap Bican, Necla Keskin
OBJECTIVE: There is no epidemiological study on the prevalence of impulse control disorders (ICDs) in the elderly population. The studies on ICDs in elderly patients are limited and some of them are case reports about pathological gambling and kleptomania. The comorbidity of other psychiatric disorders makes diagnosis difficult and has negative effects on both treatment and the prognosis of ICDs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ICDs among elderly patients and to evaluate the related sociodemographic and clinical features...
May 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23926574/compulsive-sexual-behavior-in-young-adults
#18
Brian L Odlaug, Katherine Lust, Liana R N Schreiber, Gary Christenson, Katherine Derbyshire, Arit Harvanko, David Golden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) is estimated to affect 3% to 6% of adults, although limited information is available on the true prevalence and impact of CSB in young adults. This epidemiological study aims to estimate the prevalence and health correlates of CSB using a large sample of students. METHODS: The survey examined sexual behaviors and their consequences, stress and mood states, psychiatric comorbidity, and psychosocial functioning. RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of CSB was 2...
August 2013: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23920112/kleptomania-in-patients-with-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#19
Erkingül Shugaiv, Aslı Kıyat-Atamer, Erdem Tüzün, Murat Kürtüncü, Işın Baral-Kulaksızoğlu, Gülşen Akman Demir
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to characterize the prevalence and clinical features of kleptomania, an impulse control disorder, in patients with Behçet's disease involving the central nervous system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 350 patients with neuro-Behçet's disease were evaluated, and clinical and neuropsychological features of patients with kleptomania were noted. RESULTS: Of the 350 neuro-Behçet's disease patients 6 (1...
2013: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23820545/pattern-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-theft-offenders-remanded-or-referred-for-psychiatric-evaluation-and-factors-associated-with-reoffence
#20
Lai Gwen Chan, Saluja Bharat, Dhaval Kirti Dani
INTRODUCTION: In Singapore, theft and related crimes constitute more than 50% of all reported crime, and are the most common offences committed by accused persons remanded to the Institute of Mental Health (IMH), Singapore. There is a need for better understanding of the forensic psychiatric aspects of such offenders. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among theft offenders remanded or referred for forensic assessment in 2010, compare the differences between first-time and repeat theft offenders, and identify the factors associated with reoffence...
June 2013: Singapore Medical Journal
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