Read by QxMD icon Read

Magnesium ADHD

Mitra Hariri, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: The etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not exactly known and its etiology is multifactorial. The usual treatment for these children is based on pharmacotherapy treatment, although the pharmacotherapy has a high effectiveness in ADHD treatment, it often causes different side effects. Existing evidence suggests that children who receive mineral supplement without considering their age and supplement formula may perform better on different behavioral tests compared with those receiving placebo...
2015: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Uwe Gröber, Joachim Schmidt, Klaus Kisters
Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body. It has been recognized as a cofactor for more than 300 enzymatic reactions, where it is crucial for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) metabolism. Magnesium is required for DNA and RNA synthesis, reproduction, and protein synthesis. Moreover, magnesium is essential for the regulation of muscular contraction, blood pressure, insulin metabolism, cardiac excitability, vasomotor tone, nerve transmission and neuromuscular conduction. Imbalances in magnesium status-primarily hypomagnesemia as it is seen more common than hypermagnesemia-might result in unwanted neuromuscular, cardiac or nervous disorders...
September 2015: Nutrients
Lucinda J Black, Karina L Allen, Peter Jacoby, Gina S Trapp, Caroline M Gallagher, Susan M Byrne, Wendy H Oddy
OBJECTIVE: Adequate Zn and Mg intakes may be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. We aimed to investigate the prospective association between dietary intakes of Zn and Mg and internalising and externalising behaviour problems in a population-based cohort of adolescents. DESIGN: Prospective analysis (general linear mixed models) of dietary intakes of Zn and Mg assessed using a validated FFQ and mental health symptoms assessed using the Youth Self-Report (YSR), adjusting for sex, physical activity, family income, supplement status, dietary misreporting, BMI, family functioning and energy intake...
July 2015: Public Health Nutrition
A Bener, M Kamal, Hz Bener, D Bhugra
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that ferritin and iron deficiency may be related to the path physiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the association between iron deficiency and ADHD and the impact and role of iron deficiency on the development of ADHD in children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study based on the case-control study age- and sex-matched control and conducted at the School Health and Primary Healthcare Clinics, Qatar...
September 2014: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Teodoro Durá-Travé, Fidel Gallinas-Victoriano
OBJECTIVES: To study calorie and nutrients intake in a group of patients diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under treatment with extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-ER), and to analyse the need to design nutrition intervention strategies. DESIGN: Observational (case-control). SETTING: Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 100 patients diagnosed with ADHD under treatment with MPH-ER and 100 healthy children (control group)...
February 2014: JRSM Open
Madeeha Kamal, Abdulbari Bener, Mohammad S Ehlayel
The aim of the study was to determine the association between vitamin D and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and difference in the level of vitamin D in ADHD children and control. This a case-control study carried out in school health and primary health care clinics. A total of 1,331 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with ADHD based on clinical criteria and standardized questionnaires were enrolled in this study and were matched with 1,331 controls, aged 5-18 years old. Data on body mass index (BMI), clinical biochemistry variables including serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D were collected...
June 2014: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Abdulbari Bener, Madeeha Kamal
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorders in children and recent studies reported a relationship between low levels of Vitamin D and incidence of ADHD. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between vitamin D deficiency and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Also, to study the impact and role of vitamin D on the development of ADH in children. DESIGN: This is a case-control study which was conducted in children below 18 years of age from June 2011 to May 2013 at the School Health and Primary Health care Clinics, Qatar...
March 2014: Global Journal of Health Science
Urszula Blaszczyk, Aleksandra Duda-Chodak
Magnesium (Mg2+) plays a key role in many essential cellular processes such as intermediary metabolism, DNA replication and repair, transporting potassium and calcium ions, cell proliferation together with signalling transduction. Dietary sources rich in magnesium are whole and unrefined grains, seeds, cocoa, nuts, almonds and green leafy vegetables. Hard water is also considered to be an important source of magnesium beneficial to human health. The daily dietary intake of magnesium is however frequently found to be below that recommended in Western countries...
2013: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
T Durá Travé, V Diez Bayona, M E Yoldi Petri, S Aguilera Albesa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary patterns in a group of patients diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and under treatment with extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-ER). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nutrition survey (food intake recall for three consecutive days) was carried out on 100 patients diagnosed with ADHD and under treatment with MPH-ER, and in 150 healthy children (control group). Calorie and nutrient intake, as well as nutrition status, were evaluated and compared in both groups...
April 2014: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Ahmad Ghanizadeh
There are contradictory reports about the association of magnesium and attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Moreover, some studies reported that magnesium is effective for treating ADHD. This is the first systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of magnesium to treat patients with ADHD. The two databases of MEDLINE/ PubMedline and Google Scholar were electronically searched using the search items and considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of the 37 titles, only six studies were experimental interventional studies...
July 2013: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Klaudia Konikowska, Bozena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Rózańska
In most children with ADHD the cause of the disease is not exactly known, and its etiology is multifactorial. The conventional treatment is based on the combination of behavioral and psychological therapy and the pharmacotherapy. The pharmacotherapy has a high effectiveness in ADHD treatment, but it is often associated with undesirable side effects, such as: loss of appetite and weight, growth inhibition, abdominal pain, headaches, sleeping problems and increased blood pressure. In the recent years, much attention was devoted to the issue of an appropriate diet in this disease, especially when the standard pharmacotherapy is not effective...
2012: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Magdy M Mahmoud, Abdel-Azeem M El-Mazary, Reham M Maher, Manal M Saber
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a behavioral syndrome of childhood characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. There were many etiological theories showed dysfunction of some brain areas that are implicated in inhibition of responses and functions of the brain. Minerals like zinc, ferritin, magnesium and copper may play a role in the pathogenesis and therefore the treatment of this disorder. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure levels of zinc, ferritin, magnesium and copper in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and comparing them to normal...
2011: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
E Archana, Priya Pai, Bhavya K Prabhu, Revathi P Shenoy, Krishnananda Prabhu, Anjali Rao
Oxidative stress is one of the common causes in etiopathogenesis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Hence, the salivary levels of protein thiols, ceruloplasmin, magnesium and pseudocholinesterase were estimated in children with ADHD. The symptoms of ADHD were identified using Conner's rating and DSM IV criteria. Saliva was collected and assessed for the levels of protein thiols, ceruloplasmin, magnesium and pseudocholinesterase, spectrophotometrically. It was also checked for pH and the flow rate was noted down...
February 2012: Neurochemical Research
Gisela Irmisch, Johannes Thome, Olaf Reis, Frank Hässler, Steffen Weirich
OBJECTIVE: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have shown to be helpful in the therapy of ADHD. Various stabilizing co-factors may contribute to this effect, as like magnesium (Mg). Mg supports fatty acid enzyme activity and is essential for the neuronal activity. However, the way of Mg to influence psychic processes, particularly in ADHS, is not yet known precisely. Therefore, in this study the concentrations of further lipid parameters were assessed. We intended to prove, if there is a lack of Mg and someone different lipoprotein concentration in ADHD patients compared to controls...
September 2011: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Tulay Guran, Ayse Arman, Teoman Akcay, Esengul Kayan, Zeynep Atay, Serap Turan, Abdullah Bereket
AIM: Familial hypomagnesaemia (FH) is a rare genetic condition. Neuromuscular and cardiovascular manifestations are well described, whereas cognitive and psychosocial development of children with FH is generally overlooked. METHODS: Nine patients with FH were evaluated with psychiatric examination and psychometric tests for cognitive and psychosocial outcome. RESULTS: Nine children (median age 10.1 yrs, range 3-16.3 yrs, 5 boys and 4 girls) with FH participated...
March 2011: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
Julia J Rucklidge, Jeanette Johnstone, Bonnie J Kaplan
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, debilitating psychiatric illness that often co-occurs with other common psychiatric problems. Although empirical evidence supports pharmacological and behavioral treatments, side effects, concerns regarding safety and fears about long-term use all contribute to families searching for alternative methods of treating the symptoms of ADHD. This review presents the published evidence on supplementation, including single ingredients (e.g., minerals, vitamins, amino acids and essential fatty acids), botanicals and multi-ingredient formulas in the treatment of ADHD symptoms...
April 2009: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Frank Hässler, Alexander Dück, Olaf Reis, Johannes Buchmann
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 2% to 6%, one of the most common neurobehavioral disorder affecting children and adolescents, persisting into adulthood. Comorbidity and psychosocial circumstances enter into the choice of intervention strategies. Several agents have been demonstrated effective in treating individuals with ADHD. Direct or indirect attenuation of dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmission appears closely related to both the stimulant and nonstimulant medications efficacious in ADHD...
January 2009: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Natalie Sinn
An abundance of research has investigated causes and treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The research includes identification of suboptimal levels of nutrients and sensitivities to certain foods and food additives. This review gives an overview of this research and provides an up-to-date account of clinical trials that have been conducted with zinc, iron, magnesium, Pycnogenol, omega-3 fatty acids, and food sensitivities. A literature search was conducted using PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar and included studies published before April 2008...
October 2008: Nutrition Reviews
Luke T Curtis, Kalpana Patel
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to concisely review the available literature of nutritional and environmental factors on autistic spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). DESIGN AND METHODS: Review of journal articles found on the PubMed database and from information from several conference proceedings. RESULTS: Many, but not all, studies link exposure to toxins such as mercury, lead, pesticides, and in utero smoking exposure to higher levels of autism and/or ADHD...
January 2008: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Zeba Hasan Hafeez, Constance M Kalinowski
Somnambulism, a previously unreported side effect of quetiapine, is described in two cases. Both cases involved individuals who had no prior or family history of somnambulism and had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The possible significance of this will also be discussed. Somnambulism is a common parasomnia that reflects an impairment in the normal mechanisms of arousal from sleep in which motor behaviors are activated without full consciousness. Motor behaviors are initiated during deep non-rapid eye movement or slow-wave sleep (stages 3-4), and may be limited to relatively simple manifestations, such as sitting up, fumbling with objects or bedclothes, or mumbling...
December 2007: CNS Spectrums
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"