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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#1
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230727/analyzing-the-effects-of-uav-mobility-patterns-on-data-collection-in-wireless-sensor-networks
#2
Sarmad Rashed, Mujdat Soyturk
Sensor nodes in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) can be dispersed over a remote sensing area (e.g., the regions that are hardly accessed by human beings). In such kinds of networks, datacollectionbecomesoneofthemajorissues. Getting connected to each sensor node and retrieving the information in time introduces new challenges. Mobile sink usage-especially Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)-is the most convenient approach to covering the area and accessing each sensor node in such a large-scale WSN. However, the operation of the UAV depends on some parameters, such as endurance time, altitude, speed, radio type in use, and the path...
February 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230272/sizing-up-a-superstorm-exploring-the-role-of-recalled-experience-and-attribution-of-responsibility-in-judgments-of-future-hurricane-risk
#3
Laura N Rickard, Z Janet Yang, Jonathon P Schuldt, Gina M Eosco, Clifford W Scherer, Ricardo A Daziano
Research suggests that hurricane-related risk perception is a critical predictor of behavioral response, such as evacuation. Less is known, however, about the precursors of these subjective risk judgments, especially when time has elapsed from a focal event. Drawing broadly from the risk communication, social psychology, and natural hazards literature, and specifically from concepts adapted from the risk information seeking and processing model and the protective action decision model, we examine how individuals' distant recollections, including attribution of responsibility for the effects of a storm, attitude toward relevant information, and past hurricane experience, relate to risk judgment for a future, similar event...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229540/introduction-to-special-issue-self-regulation-of-appetite-it-s-complicated
#4
Deborah Young-Hyman
OBJECTIVE: A meeting of multidisciplinary biobehavioral scientists and National Institutes of Health (NIH) program staff was convened by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH to examine mechanisms associated with humans' ability to self-regulate appetite and appetitive behavior. METHODS: Based upon prior discussions of the NIH Obesity Research Task Force Behavioral Phenotyping Work Group, the premise was adopted that, in modern society, multiple factors on multiple levels interact to create circumstances wherein self-control of appetite is difficult, leading to overconsumption of unhealthy foods versus healthy eating patterns, contributing to our current levels of obesity...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228138/current-management-practices-for-patients-presenting-with-low-back-pain-to-a-large-emergency-department-in-canada
#5
Matthew L Nunn, Jill A Hayden, Kirk Magee
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the leading causes of disability. Presentations to the emergency department (ED) are common and consume significant healthcare resources. However, treatment of patients with LBP is variable and highly physician dependent. Our study objective was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting to the ED with LBP, the diagnostic strategies employed by ED physicians, and the subsequent management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using clinical and electronic health data at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Science Center's Charles V...
February 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228128/leveraging-the-private-sector-for-child-health-a-qualitative-examination-of-caregiver-and-provider-perspectives-on-private-sector-care-for-childhood-pneumonia-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#6
Aurélie Brunie, Rachel Lenzi, Anamika Lahiri, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: The private health sector is a primary source of curative care for childhood illnesses in many low- and middle-income countries. Therefore ensuring appropriate private sector care is an important step towards improving outcomes from illnesses like pneumonia, which is the leading infectious cause of childhood mortality worldwide. This study aimed to provide evidence on private sector care for childhood pneumonia in Uttar Pradesh, India, by simultaneously exploring providers' knowledge and practices and caregivers' experiences...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227788/lessons-learnt-from-a-mooc-about-social-media-for-digital-health-literacy
#7
Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Suleman Atique, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Onkar Singh, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Elia Gabarron, Marian Wan, Mowafa Hosueh, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Onkar Singh, Syed-Abdul Shabbir, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Vicente Traver Salcedo, Suleman Atique
Nowadays, the Internet and social media represent prime channels for health information seeking and peer support. However, benefits of health social media can be reduced by low digital health literacy. We designed a massive open online course (MOOC) course about health social media to increase the students' digital health literacy. In this course, we wanted to explore the difficulties confronted by the MOOC users in relation to accessing quality online health information and to propose methods to overcome the issues...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225752/prefrontal-cortex-output-circuits-guide-reward-seeking-through-divergent-cue-encoding
#8
James M Otis, Vijay M K Namboodiri, Ana M Matan, Elisa S Voets, Emily P Mohorn, Oksana Kosyk, Jenna A McHenry, J Elliott Robinson, Shanna L Resendez, Mark A Rossi, Garret D Stuber
The prefrontal cortex is a critical neuroanatomical hub for controlling motivated behaviours across mammalian species. In addition to intra-cortical connectivity, prefrontal projection neurons innervate subcortical structures that contribute to reward-seeking behaviours, such as the ventral striatum and midline thalamus. While connectivity among these structures contributes to appetitive behaviours, how projection-specific prefrontal neurons encode reward-relevant information to guide reward seeking is unknown...
February 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225465/a-patient-centered-approach-to-developing-entrustable-professional-activities
#9
Carlos El-Haddad, Arvin Damodaran, H Patrick McNeil, Wendy Hu
PURPOSE: The medical education community is rapidly accepting the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as a means of assessing residents. Stakeholder engagement is advised in developing EPAs, but no studies have investigated the role of patient input. In this qualitative study, the authors investigated what patient input may add to designing a patient-centered EPA. METHOD: The authors chose "management of acute low back pain (LBP)" as a common, important clinical task on which to base the patient-centered EPA...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225447/environmental-market-factors-associated-with-electronic-health-record-adoption-among-cancer-hospitals
#10
Will L Tarver, Nir Menachemi
BACKGROUND: Although recent literature has explored the relationship between various environmental market characteristics and the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) among general, acute care hospitals, no such research currently exists for specialty hospitals, including those providing cancer care. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between market characteristics and the adoption of EHRs among Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited hospitals...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225381/information-seeking-behavior-and-information-needs-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-analyzing-an-online-patient-community
#11
Juyeon Oh, Jung A Kim
A few studies have examined the specific informational needs of the population with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The aims of this study were to describe the information-seeking behavior and information needs of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and their families in Korea by analyzing messages from an online patient community. A total of 1047 messages from the question and answer forum of the "Lou Gehrig's Disease Network" (http://cafe.daum.net/alsfree) from January 2010 to September 2015 were collected...
February 22, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225175/would-mobile-health-be-a-solution-to-rehospitalization
#12
Hong Tao, Susan McRoy, Lin Wang
It has been well-established that social environmental factors can increase the risk of rehospitalization for people receiving home healthcare services. For caregivers who might be challenged to keep up with sometimes unfamiliar health monitoring tasks or to know when to seek help, mobile health technology offers the potential to enhance the skills of informal caregivers and to improve the communication between home and clinical care. This paper described our recent work to determine the usability, functionality, and style of interaction that would be needed to provide an effective and well-accepted tool...
February 22, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224163/getting-what-they-need-when-they-need-it-identifying-barriers-to-information-needs-of-family-caregivers-to-manage-dementia-related-behavioral-symptoms
#13
Nicole E Werner, Barbara Stanislawski, Katherine A Marx, Daphne C Watkins, Marissa Kobayashi, Helen Kales, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Consumer health informatics (CHI) such as web-based applications may provide the platform for enabling the over 15 million family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's Disease or related dementias the information they need when they need it to support behavioral symptom management. However, for CHI to be successful, it is necessary that it be designed to meet the specific information needs of family caregivers in the context in which caregiving occurs. A sociotechnical systems approach to CHI design can help to understand the contextual complexities of family caregiving and account for those complexities in the design of CHI for family caregivers...
February 22, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221284/pain-interference-and-physical-function-demonstrate-poor-longitudinal-association-in-people-living-with-pain-a-promis-investigation
#14
Nicholas V Karayannis, John A Sturgeon, Ming Chih-Kao, Corinne Cooley, Sean C Mackey
A primary goal in managing pain is to reduce pain and increase physical function (PF). This goal is also tied to continuing payment for treatment services in many practice guidelines. Pain interference (PI) is often used as a proxy for measurement and reporting of PF in these guidelines. A common assumption is that reductions in PI will translate into improvement in PF over time. This assumption needs to be tested in a clinical environment. Consequently, we used the patient reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) to describe the topology of the longitudinal relationship between PI in relation to PF...
February 16, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#15
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218972/views-of-oral-antibiotics-and-advice-seeking-about-acne-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#16
M Santer, D Chandler, M Lown, N A Francis, I Muller
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is common and can significantly impair quality of life, yet little is known about patients' understanding of acne and its treatments. Oral antibiotics are widely used for acne, despite concerns about antibiotic resistance. People are increasingly turning to online discussion forums for advice and information on these sites may influence health beliefs and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: To explore understandings about the use of oral antibiotics for acne and advice shared amongst messages posted on online forums...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218283/place-cells-are-more-strongly-tied-to-landmarks-in-deep-than-in-superficial-ca1
#17
Tristan Geiller, Mohammad Fattahi, June-Seek Choi, Sébastien Royer
Environmental cues affect place cells responses, but whether this information is integrated versus segregated in distinct hippocampal cell populations is unclear. Here, we show that, in mice running on a treadmill enriched with visual-tactile landmarks, place cells are more strongly controlled by landmark-associated sensory inputs in deeper regions of CA1 pyramidal layer (CA1d). Many cells in CA1d display several firing fields correlated with landmarks, mapping positions slightly before or within the landmarks...
February 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217741/transcriptome-level-signatures-in-gene-expression-and-gene-expression-variability-during-bacterial-adaptive-evolution
#18
Keesha E Erickson, Peter B Otoupal, Anushree Chatterjee
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are an increasingly serious public health concern, as strains emerge that demonstrate resistance to almost all available treatments. One factor that contributes to the crisis is the adaptive ability of bacteria, which exhibit remarkable phenotypic and gene expression heterogeneity in order to gain a survival advantage in damaging environments. This high degree of variability in gene expression across biological populations makes it a challenging task to identify key regulators of bacterial adaptation...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215828/visualizing-risks-in-cancer-communication-a-systematic-review-of-computer-supported-visual-aids
#19
REVIEW
Jan Stellamanns, Dana Ruetters, Keshav Dahal, Zita Schillmoeller, Jutta Huebner
OBJECTIVE: Health websites are becoming important sources for cancer information. Lay users, patients and carers seek support for critical decisions, but they are prone to common biases when quantitative information is presented. Graphical representations of risk data can facilitate comprehension, and interactive visualizations are popular. This review summarizes the evidence on computer-supported graphs that present risk data and their effects on various measures. METHODS: The systematic literature search was conducted in several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL...
February 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214925/missed-opportunities-in-neonatal-deaths-in-rwanda-applying-the-three-delays-model-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-neonatal-death
#20
Efua Wilmot, Marcel Yotebieng, Alison Norris, Fidele Ngabo
Objective Administered in a timely manner, current evidence-based interventions could reduce neonatal deaths from infections, intrapartum injuries and complications due to prematurity. The three delays model (delay in seeking care, in arriving at a health facility, and in receiving adequate care), which has been applied to understanding maternal deaths, may be useful for understanding neonatal deaths. We assess the main causes of neonatal deaths in Rwanda and their associated delays. Methods Using a cross-sectional study design, we evaluated data from 2012 from 40 facilities in which babies were delivered...
February 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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