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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431201/teaching-neuroanatomy-using-computer-aided-learning-what-makes-for-successful-outcomes
#1
Elena Svirko, Jane Mellanby
Computer-aided learning (CAL) is an integral part of many medical courses. The neuroscience course at Oxford University for medical students includes CAL course of neuroanatomy. CAL is particularly suited to this since neuroanatomy requires much detailed three-dimensional visualization, which can be presented on screen. The CAL course was evaluated using the concept of approach to learning. The aims of university teaching are congruent with the deep approach-seeking meaning and relating new information to previous knowledge-rather than to the surface approach of concentrating on rote learning of detail...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429301/ethical-issues-related-to-the-promotion-of-a-100-msv-threshold-assumption-in-japan-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-in-2011-background-and-consequences
#2
REVIEW
Toshihide Tsuda, Lena Lindahl, Akiko Tokinobu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article describes the debates in Japan regarding the 100 mSv threshold assumption and ethical issues related to it, and explores the background to distorted risk information and absence of risk communication in Japan. Then we seek proper risk communication based on scientific evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: On March 11, 2011 an accident occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant due to the Great East Japan Earthquake. Since then a number of misunderstandings have become common in Japan as a result of public statements by the Japanese and local governments that have no basis in medical science or are contradictory to medical science...
April 20, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#3
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428167/developing-a-patient-centered-mhealth-app-a-tool-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#4
Bree E Holtz, Katharine M Murray, Denise D Hershey, Julie K Dunneback, Shelia R Cotten, Amanda J Holmstrom, Arpita Vyas, Molly K Kaiser, Michael A Wood
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) afflicts approximately 154,000 people under 20 years of age. Three-quarters of adolescents are not achieving glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) targets, which leads to negative health outcomes. Mobile health (mHealth), the use of technology in health, has been used successfully to improve health in many chronic conditions, including diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use patient-centered research methods to inform and improve the design and functionality of our T1D app, MyT1DHero, and to provide insight for others who are designing a health app for adolescents and parents...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427834/doped-silica-fibre-thermoluminescence-measurements-of-radiation-dose-in-the-use-of-223-ra
#5
Bradley, S F Abdul Sani, A S Siti Shafiqah, S M Collins, R P Hugtenburg, H A Abdul Rashid, Nurul Najua Zulkepely, M J Maah
Using tailor-made sub-mm dimension doped-silica fibres, thermoluminescent dosimetric studies have been performed for α-emitting sources of (223)RaCl2 (the basis of the Bayer Healthcare product Xofigo®). The use of (223)RaCl2 in the palliative treatment of bone metastases resulting from late-stage castration-resistant prostate cancer focuses on its favourable uptake in metabolically active bone metastases. Such treatment benefits from the high linear energy transfer (LET) and associated short path length (<100µm) of the α-particles emitted by (223)Ra and its decay progeny...
April 14, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#6
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426543/perspectives-and-experiences-related-to-help-seeking-behaviors-a-content-analysis-study-of-iranian-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Leili Rabiei, HeidarAli Abedi, Parvin Abedi, Kourosh Zarea, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis practice help-seeking behaviors largely because of the progression of this physically exhausting disease, which has far reaching psychosocial consequences and requires hospitalization during severe disease exacerbations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the perspectives and experiences of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis regarding help-seeking behaviors. METHODS: A qualitative design, based on the content analysis approach, was used...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426142/integrated-care-in-cancer-what-is-it-how-is-it-used-and-where-are-the-gaps-a-textual-narrative-literature-synthesis
#8
L J Cortis, P R Ward, R A McKinnon, B Koczwara
Integrated care is an underpinning concept of contemporary health care policy proffered as a strategy to overcome the fragmentations in care encountered by people with complex care needs (Shaw et al. [2011] What is Integrated Care? An Overview of Integrated Care in the NHS). Cancer patients have potential to benefit from such policy, often having needs that extend beyond cancer. This paper seeks to understand how the concept of integrated care is used in the cancer literature. A search of leading databases was conducted for original research relating to integrated care or an integration intervention aiming to improve outcomes of cancer patients, and analysed using textual narrative synthesis...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424538/metal-complexes-in-cancer-therapy-an-update-from-drug-design-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Umar Ndagi, Ndumiso Mhlongo, Mahmoud E Soliman
In the past, metal-based compounds were widely used in the treatment of disease conditions, but the lack of clear distinction between the therapeutic and toxic doses was a major challenge. With the discovery of cisplatin by Barnett Rosenberg in 1960, a milestone in the history of metal-based compounds used in the treatment of cancers was witnessed. This forms the foundation for the modern era of the metal-based anticancer drugs. Platinum drugs, such as cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin, are the mainstay of the metal-based compounds in the treatment of cancer, but the delay in the therapeutic accomplishment of other metal-based compounds hampered the progress of research in this field...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420419/optimizing-veteran-centered-prostate-cancer-survivorship-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ted A Skolarus, Tabitha Metreger, Soohyun Hwang, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Robert L Grubb, Jeffrey R Gingrich, Sarah T Hawley
BACKGROUND: Although prostate cancer is the most common cancer among veterans receiving care in the Veterans Health Administration (VA), more needs to be done to understand and improve survivorship care for this large population. This study, funded by VA Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D), seeks to address the need to improve patient-centered survivorship care for veterans with prostate cancer. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a two-armed randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a target enrollment of up to 325 prostate cancer survivors per study arm (total anticipated n = 600)...
April 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420328/talking-about-intimate-partner-violence-in-multi-cultural-antenatal-care-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-advice-for-better-communication-in-south-east-norway
#11
Lisa Maria Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Miriam Solheim, Lena Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women constitutes a major public health problem. Antenatal care is considered a window of opportunity to disclose and to communicate about IPV. However, little is known about how women from different ethnic backgrounds wish to communicate about their experiences with IPV during pregnancy in antenatal care. The aim of the present study was to explore how women from different ethnic backgrounds experienced IPV and what their recommendations were about how midwives should communicate about IPV in antenatal care...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420270/stages-of-change-in-audiology-comparison-of-three-self-assessment-measures
#12
Elisabeth Ingo, K Jonas Brännström, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Lunner, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419362/obesity-as-a-presentation-of-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy
#13
Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida, Carla Cristina J N de Almeida, Natália Inocêncio Pereira, Nilton Antonio de Souza Filho, Valmir Aparecido de Oliveira
Objective: To describe a case of an obese child whose weight gain was related to the Munchausen Syndrome by proxy (MSP). Methods: This is a case report including information regarding the child's clinical history and the mother's behavior. The common features of the syndrome are confronted with the description of the case, seeking to demonstrate the similarities. Results: The description ratifies the diagnosis based on the signs and symptoms presented by the child (<5 years old, frequent contacts with health system, symptoms witnessed only by the mother, confusing findings, not helped by treatments, emotionally distant father) and the attitude of the mother (concerned, interested in procedures, comfortable in the medical setting, higher medical knowledge, hostile when thwarted)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419113/evaluation-of-harvest-and-information-needs-for-north-american-sea-ducks
#14
Mark D Koneff, Guthrie S Zimmerman, Chris P Dwyer, Kathleen K Fleming, Paul I Padding, Patrick K Devers, Fred A Johnson, Michael C Runge, Anthony J Roberts
Wildlife managers routinely seek to establish sustainable limits of sport harvest or other regulated forms of take while confronted with considerable uncertainty. A growing body of ecological research focuses on methods to describe and account for uncertainty in management decision-making and to prioritize research and monitoring investments to reduce the most influential uncertainties. We used simulation methods incorporating measures of demographic uncertainty to evaluate risk of overharvest and prioritize information needs for North American sea ducks (Tribe Mergini)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418819/cancer-genomics-and-important-oncologic-mutations-a-contemporary-guide-for-body-imagers
#15
REVIEW
Veronica L Cox, Priya Bhosale, Gauri R Varadhachary, Nicolaus Wagner-Bartak, Isabella C Glitza, Kathryn A Gold, Johnique T Atkins, Pamela T Soliman, David S Hong, Aliya Qayyum
The field of cancer genomics is rapidly evolving and has led to the development of new therapies. Knowledge of commonly involved cellular pathways and genetic mutations is now essential for radiologists reading oncology cases. Radiogenomics is an emerging area of research that seeks to correlate imaging features with cancer genotypes. Such knowledge may extend the utility of multiparametric imaging to yield information regarding cancer prognosis and likelihood of therapeutic response. To date, only a handful of radiogenomics studies have been performed to evaluate solid tumors of the body, and there is much to explore...
May 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415860/computer-mediated-social-support-for-physical-activity-a-content-analysis
#16
Jeroen Stragier, Peter Mechant, Lieven De Marez, Greet Cardon
PURPOSE: Online fitness communities are a recent phenomenon experiencing growing user bases. They can be considered as online social networks in which recording, monitoring, and sharing of physical activity (PA) are the most prevalent practices. They have added a new dimension to the social experience of PA in which online peers function as virtual PA partners or supporters. However, research into seeking and receiving computer-mediated social support for PA is scarce. Our aim was to study to what extent using online fitness communities and sharing physical activities with online social networks results in receiving various types of online social support...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414953/health-shocks-and-their-long-lasting-impact-on-health-behaviors-evidence-from-the-2009-h1n1-pandemic-in-mexico
#17
Jorge M Agüero, Trinidad Beleche
Worldwide, the leading causes of death could be avoided with health behaviors that are low-cost but also difficult to adopt. We show that exogenous health shocks could facilitate the adoption of these behaviors and provide long-lasting effects on health outcomes. Specifically, we exploit the spatial and temporal variation of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in Mexico and show that areas with a higher incidence of H1N1 experienced larger reductions in diarrhea-related cases among young children. These reductions continue even three years after the shock ended...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413336/a-restatement-of-the-natural-science-evidence-concerning-catchment-based-natural-flood-management-in-the-uk
#18
REVIEW
Simon J Dadson, Jim W Hall, Anna Murgatroyd, Mike Acreman, Paul Bates, Keith Beven, Louise Heathwaite, Joseph Holden, Ian P Holman, Stuart N Lane, Enda O'Connell, Edmund Penning-Rowsell, Nick Reynard, David Sear, Colin Thorne, Rob Wilby
Flooding is a very costly natural hazard in the UK and is expected to increase further under future climate change scenarios. Flood defences are commonly deployed to protect communities and property from flooding, but in recent years flood management policy has looked towards solutions that seek to mitigate flood risk at flood-prone sites through targeted interventions throughout the catchment, sometimes using techniques which involve working with natural processes. This paper describes a project to provide a succinct summary of the natural science evidence base concerning the effectiveness of catchment-based 'natural' flood management in the UK...
March 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413253/are-african-households-not-leaving-agriculture-patterns-of-households-income-sources-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Benjamin Davis, Stefania Di Giuseppe, Alberto Zezza
This paper uses comparable income aggregates from 41 national household surveys from 22 countries to explore the patterns of income generation among rural households in Sub-Saharan Africa, and to compare household income strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa with those in other regions. The paper seeks to understand how geography drives these strategies, focusing on the role of agricultural potential and distance to urban areas. Specialization in on-farm activities continues to be the norm in rural Africa, practiced by 52 percent of households (as opposed to 21 percent of households in other regions)...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412894/mental-health-treatment-seeking-among-veteran-and-civilian-community-college-students
#20
John C Fortney, Geoffrey M Curran, Justin B Hunt, Liya Lu, Daniel Eisenberg, Marcia Valenstein
OBJECTIVE: A Web-based survey examined treatment seeking among community college students to inform the design of engagement interventions. METHODS: Veteran and civilian community college students (N=765) were screened for mental disorders and reported perceptions of treatment need, effectiveness, and stigma, as well as service use. Regression analysis identified predictors of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy use. RESULTS: Of the 511 students who screened positive for a current mental disorder or reported a perceived need for treatment (149 veterans and 362 civilians), 30% reported past-year use of psychotropic medications...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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