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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#1
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045635/caregiving-spouses-and-the-experience-of-involuntary-separation
#2
Willow C Glasier, Kelly J Arbeau
Background and Objectives: We explored the meaning of the experience of involuntary separation, as defined formally by the Canadian government and informally by our participants, in formerly caregiving spouses whose partners had been admitted to long-term care. Our goal was to explore their lifeworld experience of separation, including factors influencing well-being as spouses shifted from at-home caregiving to involuntary separation. Research Design and Methods: Guided, semi-scripted personal interviews were conducted with 10 individuals who had become involuntarily separated up to 4 years prior to the interview...
October 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045011/consumer-health-information-seeking-in-social-media-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Yuehua Zhao, Jin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to summarise current research regarding how consumers seek health-related information from social media. Primarily, we hope to reveal characteristics of existing studies investigating the health topics that consumers have discussed in social media, ascertaining the roles social media have played in consumers' information-seeking processes and discussing the potential benefits and concerns of accessing consumer health information in social media...
October 17, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044826/implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-victorian-suicide-register
#4
Georgina Sutherland, Allison Milner, Jeremy Dwyer, Lyndal Bugeja, Alan Woodward, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: The Victorian Suicide Register (VSR) is a state-based suicide surveillance system that contains detailed information on people who die by suicide and the circumstances surrounding their death. In this paper, we provide an overview of the VSR and then describe the evaluation, which used the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for surveillance system evaluation as a framework. METHODS: The evaluation drew on three data sources to assess whether the VSR: i) embodies the attributes of a good public health surveillance system; and ii) can be used to inform community-based suicide prevention efforts...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044095/second-order-spectral-lineshapes-from-charged-interfaces
#5
Paul E Ohno, Hong-Fei Wang, Franz M Geiger
Second-order nonlinear spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful tool in elucidating key chemical and structural characteristics at a variety of interfaces. However, the presence of interfacial potentials may lead to complications regarding the interpretation of second harmonic and vibrational sum frequency generation responses from charged interfaces due to mixing of absorptive and dispersive contributions. Here, we examine by means of mathematical modeling how this interaction influences second-order spectral lineshapes...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042513/distress-and-rumor-exposure-on-social-media-during-a-campus-lockdown
#6
Nickolas M Jones, Rebecca R Thompson, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Roxane Cohen Silver
During crisis events, people often seek out event-related information to stay informed of what is happening. However, when information from official channels is lacking or disseminated irregularly, people may be at risk for exposure to rumors that fill the information void. We studied information-seeking during a university lockdown following an active-shooter event. In study 1, students in the lockdown (n = 3,890) completed anonymous surveys 1 week later. Those who indicated receiving conflicting information about the lockdown reported greater acute stress [standardized regression coefficient (b) = 0...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042372/awareness-and-willingness-towards-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-against-hiv-infection-among-individuals-seeking-voluntary-counselling-and-testing-for-hiv-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#7
Yi-Chieh Lee, Sui-Yuan Chang, Kuan-Yin Lin, Lan-Hsin Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Cheng-Hsin Wu, Hsin-Yun Sun, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance. METHODS: Between April and October 2016, a questionnaire interview was conducted among VCT clients to inquire about the attitudes towards PrEP against HIV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors with willingness to initiate PrEP...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#8
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040476/national-responses-to-global-health-targets-exploring-policy-transfer-in-the-context-of-the-unaids-90-90-90-treatment-targets-in-ghana-and-uganda
#9
Ellen McRobie, Fred Matovu, Aisha Nanyiti, Justice Nonvignon, Daniel Nana Yaw Abankwah, Kelsey K Case, Timothy B Hallett, Johanna Hanefeld, Lesong Conteh
Global health organizations frequently set disease-specific targets with the goal of eliciting adoption at the national-level; consideration of the influence of target setting on national policies, programme and health budgets is of benefit to those setting targets and those intended to respond. In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS set 'ambitious' treatment targets for country adoption: 90% of HIV-positive persons should know their status; 90% of those on treatment; 90% of those achieving viral suppression...
October 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040134/mortality-by-timing-of-hip-fracture-surgery-factors-and-relationships-at-play
#10
Katie Jane Sheehan, Boris Sobolev, Pierre Guy
In hip fracture care, it is disputed whether mortality worsens when surgery is delayed. This knowledge gap matters when hospital managers seek to justify resource allocation for prioritizing access to one procedure over another. Uncertainty over the surgical timing-death association leads to either surgical prioritization without benefit or the underuse of expedited surgery when it could save lives. The discrepancy in previous findings results in part from differences between patients who happened to undergo surgery at different times...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039699/personality-traits-motivations-and-emotional-consequences-of-social-media-usage
#11
Jhih-Syuan Lin, Yen-I Lee, Yan Jin, Bob Gilbreath
This study explores social media users' personality traits and motivations for the usage of two different social media platforms, Facebook and Pinterest, as well as how the varied uses impact users' negative emotional experiences. The findings suggest that the intensity of social media usage is positively related to negative emotions. For Facebook users, socialization, entertainment, and information seeking motivations significantly influence their platform use intensity and, subsequently, lead to negative emotions...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039056/emerging-concepts-on-disease-modifying-therapies-in-type-1-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Carla Greenbaum, Sandra Lord, Dana VanBuecken
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to characterize emerging concepts related to disease-modifying therapy in type 1 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: We begin by describing the new understanding that islet autoimmunity, as identified by the presence of islet autoantibodies, inevitably leads to clinical type 1 diabetes. This understanding informs the new staging paradigm for type 1 diabetes, which suggests that type 1 diabetes may be recognized and diagnosed long before symptoms develop...
October 17, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038749/extending-seqenv-a-taxa-centric-approach-to-environmental-annotations-of-16s-rdna-sequences
#13
Ali Z Ijaz, Thomas C Jeffries, Umer Z Ijaz, Kelly Hamonts, Brajesh K Singh
Understanding how the environment selects a given taxon and the diversity patterns that emerge as a result of environmental filtering can dramatically improve our ability to analyse any environment in depth as well as advancing our knowledge on how the response of different taxa can impact each other and ecosystem functions. Most of the work investigating microbial biogeography has been site-specific, and logical environmental factors, rather than geographical location, may be more influential on microbial diversity...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038343/beliefs-regarding-development-and-early-intervention-among-low-income-african-american-and-hispanic-mothers
#14
Dawn M Magnusson, Cynthia S Minkovitz, Karen A Kuhlthau, Tania M Caballero, Kamila B Mistry
OBJECTIVES: Understand the role of health beliefs in shaping maternal decisions regarding help-seeking for children with developmental delay (DD) and explore differences between African American and Hispanic mothers. METHODS: Open-ended, semistructured interviews were conducted with African American and Hispanic mothers of children aged 0 to 36 months with DD. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Mothers (n = 22) were African American (36%) or Hispanic (64%), 25 to 34 years old (64%), had less than a high school education (59%), and had children receiving public insurance (95%)...
October 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038072/amenorrhea-rates-and-predictors-during-one-year-of-levonorgestrel-52mg-intrauterine-system-use
#15
Philip D Darney, Gretchen S Stuart, Michael A Thomas, Carrie Cwiak, Andrea Olariu, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate amenorrhea patterns and predictors of amenorrhea during the first year after levonorgestrel 52mg intrauterine system (IUS) placement. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort analysis includes 1714 nulliparous and parous women who received a Liletta® levonorgestrel 52mg IUS in a multicenter trial to evaluate efficacy and safety for up to 8years. Participants maintained a daily diary with bleeding information. We assessed bleeding patterns in 90-day intervals; amenorrhea was defined as no bleeding or spotting in the preceding 90days...
October 13, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037242/malaria-risk-factors-and-care-seeking-behaviour-within-the-private-sector-among-high-risk-populations-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ingrid Chen, Huong Ngo Thi Thanh, Andrew Lover, Phung Thi Thao, Tang Viet Luu, Hoang Nghia Thang, Ngo Duc Thang, Josselyn Neukom, Adam Bennett
BACKGROUND: Vietnam has successfully reduced malaria incidence by more than 90% over the past 10 years, and is now preparing for malaria elimination. However, the remaining malaria burden resides in individuals that are hardest to reach, in highly remote areas, where many malaria cases are treated through the informal private sector and are not reported to public health systems. This qualitative study aimed to contextualize and characterize the role of private providers, care-seeking behaviour of individuals at high risk of malaria, as well as risk factors that should be addressed through malaria elimination programmes in Vietnam...
October 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036568/rhetoric-of-representation-the-disempowerment-and-empowerment-of-consumer-leaders
#17
Brett Scholz, Stephanie J Stewart, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Policy mandates consumer involvement in decisions at all levels of the mental health system. One barrier to this involvement is the expectation that consumers involved in systemic work represent broader consumer experiences. To examine how the rhetoric of 'representation' was used in relation to consumer involvement in mental health, a qualitative exploratory design was employed using interviews for data collection. Participants were consumers (n = 6) working with public or private mental health organizations in Australia, and colleagues (n = 3) or managers (n = 5) of these consumers...
September 28, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036378/the-effect-of-costs-on-kenyan-households-demand-for-medical-care-why-time-and-distance-matter
#18
Matt Kukla, Niccie McKay, Richard Rheingans, Jeff Harman, Jessica Schumacher, Karen L Kotloff, Myrone M Levine, Robert Breiman, Tamer Farag, Damian Walker, Dilruba Nasrin, Richard Omore, Ciara O'Reilly, Eric Mintz
In an environment of constrained resources, policymakers must identify solutions for financing and delivering health services that are efficient and sustainable. However, such solutions require that policymakers understand the complex interaction between household utilization patterns, factors influencing household medical decisions, and provider performance. This study examined whether and under what conditions out-of-pocket, transportation, and time costs influenced Kenyan households' choice of medical provider for childhood diarrhoeal illnesses...
October 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035706/serious-suicide-attempts-in-outpatients-with-multiple-substance-use-disorders
#19
R Icick, E Karsinti, J-P Lépine, V Bloch, G Brousse, F Bellivier, F Vorspan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health concern and suicide attempts (SA) are frequent and burdensome in people suffering from substance use disorders (SUDs). In particular, serious SAs are a preoccupying form of attempt, which remain largely overlooked in these populations, especially regarding basic risk factors such as gender, addictive comorbidity and substance use patterns. Thus, we undertook a gender-specific approach to identify the risk factors for serious SAs in outpatients with multiple SUDs...
September 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035664/understanding-of-how-older-adults-with-low-vision-obtain-process-and-understand-health-information-and-services
#20
Hyung Nam Kim
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-five years after the Americans with Disabilities Act, there has still been a lack of advancement of accessibility in healthcare for people with visual impairments, particularly older adults with low vision. This study aims to advance understanding of how older adults with low vision obtain, process, and use health information and services, and to seek opportunities of information technology to support them. METHODS: A convenience sample of 10 older adults with low vision participated in semi-structured phone interviews, which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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