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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223042/experiences-of-early-labour-management-from-perspectives-of-women-labour-companions-and-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Beake Rm Ma Research Associate, Yan-Shing Chang Ba MPhil PhD Lecturer, Helen Cheyne Rm Rgn MSc PhD Professor Of Midwifery, Helen Spiby MPhil Rn Rm Professor Of Midwifery, Jane Sandall Rm MSc PhD Professor Of Social Science And Women's Health, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: to examine evidence of women's, labour companions' and health professionals' experiences of management of early labour to consider how this could be enhanced to better reflect women's needs. DESIGN: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women in early labour with term, low risk singleton pregnancies, not booked for a planned caesarean birth or post-dates induction of labour, their labour companions, and health professionals responsible for early labour care (e...
November 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221997/what-do-patients-want-to-know-questions-and-concerns-regarding-mammography-expressed-through-social-media
#2
Abbas M Charlie, Yiming Gao, Samantha L Heller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to identify questions and concerns patients have regarding breast cancer screening mammography to establish priorities in patient education and health care communication. METHODS: A content analysis of posted questions (June 2010 to February 2017) containing the keywords mammogram and mammography was conducted on the social media question and answer website Quora (Quora Inc, Mountainview, California). Question topic, responses, and number of views were recorded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221943/religious-hospital-policies-on-reproductive-care-what-do-patients-want-to-know
#3
Lori R Freedman, Luciana E Hebert, Molly F Battistelli, Debra B Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Religious hospitals are a large and growing part of the American healthcare system. Patients who receive obstetric and other reproductive care in religious hospitals may face religiously-based restrictions on the treatment their doctor can provide. Little is known about patients' knowledge or preferences regarding religiously restricted reproductive healthcare. OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to assess women's preferences for knowing a hospital's religion and religiously-based restrictions before deciding where to seek care and the acceptability of a hospital denying miscarriage treatment options for religious reasons, with and without informing the patient that other options may be available...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221461/seeking-a-second-medical-opinion-composition-reasons-and-perceived-outcomes-in-israel
#4
Liora Shmueli, Nadav Davidovitch, Joseph S Pliskin, Ran D Balicer, Igal Hekselman, Geva Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Seeking a second-opinion (SO) is a common clinical practice that can optimize treatment and reduce unnecessary procedures and risks. We aim to characterize the composition of the population of SO seekers, their reasons for seeking a SO and choosing a specific physician, and their perceived outcomes following the SO. METHODS: A cross-sectional national telephone survey, using a representative sample of the general Israeli population (n = 848, response rate = 62%)...
December 8, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220602/an-observational-study-of-treatment-seeking-users-of-natural-opiates-from-india
#5
Arpit Parmar, Vaibhav Patil, Siddharth Sarkar, Ravindra Rao
BACKGROUND: The type of opioid used influences the severity and complications experienced. Natural opiates (opium and poppy husk) use is a socio-culturally accepted phenomenon reported in India. However, studies on their profile, quality of life, and addiction severity are limited. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this cross-sectional, observational study was to assess the socio-demographic profile, clinical profile, addiction severity, and quality of life of treatment-seeking natural opiate users...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219856/the-interaction-of-depressive-symptoms-and-hazardous-drinking-in-relation-to-tobacco-craving-among-treatment-seeking-depressed-smokers-sex-differences
#6
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Ana López-Durán, Daniel J Paulus, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to address whether there is sex effect in the interactive effect between depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking in the prediction of smoking craving after cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment among those with at least mild depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 114, mean age 42.0, SD = 9.73, 64% women) were treatment-seeking smokers who attended 6 weekly 1-hour sessions involving psychological treatment for cessation...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219083/a-descriptive-study-of-treatment-provision-for-problem-alcohol-drinking-in-adult-males-in-khayelitsha-cape-town-south-africa
#7
Amina Saban, Neo Morojele, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Poor, Black African males are underrepresented as patients in facilities that treat problem drinking in Cape Town, South Africa. Reasons for this remain unclear, but factors such as the kinds of treatment provided, perceptions of treatment efficacy, social stigma and traditional treatment beliefs have been suggested as possible barriers to treatment seeking. This descriptive study examined the availability and nature of problem drinking treatment facilities in Khayelitsha, a largely poor township of Black, Xhosa-speaking Africans, on the outskirts of Cape Town...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218903/coalitional-game-theory-as-a-promising-approach-to-identify-candidate-autism-genes
#8
Anika Gupta, Min Woo Sun, Kelley Marie Paskov, Nate Tyler Stockham, Jae-Yoon Jung, Dennis Paul Wall
Despite mounting evidence for the strong role of genetics in the phenotypic manifestation of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the specific genes responsible for the variable forms of ASD remain undefined. ASD may be best explained by a combinatorial genetic model with varying epistatic interactions across many small effect mutations. Coalitional or cooperative game theory is a technique that studies the combined effects of groups of players, known as coalitions, seeking to identify players who tend to improve the performance--the relationship to a specific disease phenotype--of any coalition they join...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218890/democratizing-data-science-through-data-science-training
#9
John Darrell Van Horn, Lily Fierro, Jeana Kamdar, Jonathan Gordon, Crystal Stewart, Avnish Bhattrai, Sumiko Abe, Xiaoxiao Lei, Caroline O'Driscoll, Aakanchha Sinha, Priyambada Jain, Gully Burns, Kristina Lerman, José Luis Ambite
The biomedical sciences have experienced an explosion of data which promises to overwhelm many current practitioners. Without easy access to data science training resources, biomedical researchers may find themselves unable to wrangle their own datasets. In 2014, to address the challenges posed such a data onslaught, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) initiative. To this end, the BD2K Training Coordinating Center (TCC; bigdatau.org) was funded to facilitate both in-person and online learning, and open up the concepts of data science to the widest possible audience...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218889/best-practices-and-lessons-learned-from-reuse-of-4-patient-derived-metabolomics-datasets-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Jessica D Tenenbaum, Colette Blach
The importance of open data has been increasingly recognized in recent years. Although the sharing and reuse of clinical data for translational research lags behind best practices in biological science, a number of patient-derived datasets exist and have been published enabling translational research spanning multiple scales from molecular to organ level, and from patients to populations. In seeking to replicate metabolomic biomarker results in Alzheimer's disease our team identified three independent cohorts in which to compare findings...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218627/top-ten-errors-of-statistical-analysis-in-observational-studies-for-cancer-research
#11
REVIEW
A Carmona-Bayonas, P Jimenez-Fonseca, A Fernández-Somoano, F Álvarez-Manceñido, E Castañón, A Custodio, F A de la Peña, R M Payo, L P Valiente
Observational studies using registry data make it possible to compile quality information and can surpass clinical trials in some contexts. However, data heterogeneity, analytical complexity, and the diversity of aspects to be taken into account when interpreting results makes it easy for mistakes to be made and calls for mastery of statistical methodology. Some questionable research practices that include poor analytical data management are responsible for the low reproducibility of some results; yet, there is a paucity of information in the literature regarding specific statistical pitfalls of cancer studies...
December 7, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217768/potential-risk-posed-by-the-importation-of-ticks-into-the-uk-on-animals-records-from-the-tick-surveillance-scheme
#12
Kayleigh M Hansford, Maaike E Pietzsch, Benjamin Cull, Emma L Gillingham, Jolyon M Medlock
In order to monitor important tick vectors in the UK, Public Health England's Tick Surveillance Scheme (TSS) receives specimens from across the country for identification. In recent years, an increasing number of these specimens have been removed from animals with a recent history of travel outside the UK. This paper presents all data collated by the TSS on ticks entering the country on recently travelled or imported animals since surveillance commenced in 2005. Ten different tick species representing six different genera were identified, entering the UK from 15 different countries...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#13
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217132/mobile-phone-sensors-and-supervised-machine-learning-to-identify-alcohol-use-events-in-young-adults-implications-for-just-in-time-adaptive-interventions
#14
Sangwon Bae, Tammy Chung, Denzil Ferreira, Anind K Dey, Brian Suffoletto
BACKGROUND: Real-time detection of drinking could improve timely delivery of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol-related injury, but existing detection methods are burdensome or impractical. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether phone sensor data and machine learning models are useful to detect alcohol use events, and to discuss implications of these results for just-in-time mobile interventions. METHODS: 38 non-treatment seeking young adult heavy drinkers downloaded AWARE app (which continuously collected mobile phone sensor data), and reported alcohol consumption (number of drinks, start/end time of prior day's drinking) for 28days...
November 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215149/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-on-metformin-for-diabetes-or-other-indications-among-those-seeking-teratology-information-services
#15
Alice Panchaud, Valentin Rousson, Thierry Vial, Nathalie Bernard, David Baud, Emmanuelle Amar, Marco De Santis, Alessandra Pistelli, Anne Dautriche, Frederique Beau-Salinas, Matteo Cassina, Hannah Dunstan, Anneke Passier, Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Mine Kadioglu Duman, Eva Maňáková, Georgios Eleftheriou, Gil Klinger, Ursula Winterfeld, Laura E Rothuizen, Thierry Buclin, Chantal Csajka, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz
BACKGROUND: Metformin is used to treat type 2 diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome associated infertility, and gestational diabetes. Human studies evaluating the safety of metformin in early pregnancy are scarce. METHOD: We evaluated the risk of major birth defects and pregnancy losses in a cohort of pregnant women exposed to metformin during first trimester for different indications relative to a matched unexposed reference group. RESULTS: The risk of major birth defects was 5...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214917/programme-potential-for-the-prevention-of-and-response-to-sexual-violence-among-female-refugees-a-literature-review
#16
Gianna Maxi Leila Robbers, Alison Morgan
Continuing international conflict has resulted in several million people seeking asylum in other countries each year, over half of whom are women. Their reception and security in overburdened camps, combined with limited information and protection, increases their risk and exposure to sexual violence (SV). This literature review explores the opportunities to address SV against female refugees, with a particular focus on low-resource settings. A systematic literature review of articles published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted following PRISMA guidelines...
December 7, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214832/tailored-educational-approaches-for-consumer-health-a-model-to-address-health-promotion-in-an-era-of-personalized-medicine
#17
Wendy F Cohn, Jason Lyman, Donna K Broshek, Thomas M Guterbock, David Hartman, Mable Kinzie, David Mick, Aaron Pannone, Vanessa Sturz, Jane Schubart, Arthur T Garson
PURPOSE: To develop a model, based on market segmentation, to improve the quality and efficiency of health promotion materials and programs. DESIGN: Market segmentation to create segments (groups) based on a cross-sectional questionnaire measuring individual characteristics and preferences for health information. Educational and delivery recommendations developed for each group. SETTING: General population of adults in Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 1201 Virginia residents...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214563/rare-diseases-joining-mainstream-research-and-treatment-based-on-reliable-epidemiological-data
#18
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Despite growing acceptance of patient registries and natural history studies to provide useful information, the rare disease community suffers from the absence of reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence and incidence of most rare diseases in national and global populations. Likewise, the patients and health care providers lack adequate information on the pathophysiology of rare diseases and expected outcomes of these disorders. The rare diseases community includes all of the stakeholders involved in the research and development and dissemination of products and information for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of rare diseases or conditions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214467/different-functional-domains-measured-by-cocaine-self-administration-under-the-progressive-ratio-and-punishment-schedules-in-male-wistar-rats
#19
Udita Datta, Mariangela Martini, WenLin Sun
BACKGROUND: Current diagnosis of drug addiction like other mental disorders is based on clinical symptoms not on neural pathophysiology and consequently, does not provide useful information on the underlying pathophysiology and may impede the efforts to identify the underlying mechanisms. Identifying the functional deficits that are relevant to addiction and can be traced to the neural systems will greatly facilitate our understanding of the heterogeneity of the condition and improve future diagnosis and treatment...
December 6, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213208/awareness-of-malaria-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-among-persons-with-acute-undifferentiated-fever-in-the-endemic-regions-of-myanmar
#20
Phyo Aung Naing, Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Aung Thi
Background: Myanmar has a high burden of malaria with two-third of the population at risk of malaria. One of the basic elements of the Roll Back Malaria Initiative to fight against malaria is early diagnosis and treatment within 24 h of fever. Public awareness about malaria is a key factor in malaria prevention and control and in improving treatment-seeking behaviour. Methods: A large community-based survey was carried out in 27 townships of malaria endemic regions in Myanmar in 2015 which reported on the knowledge, behaviour and practices around malaria in the general population...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
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