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cerebral revascularization

Sami Al Kasab, Michael J Lynn, Tanya N Turan, Colin P Derdeyn, David Fiorella, Bethany F Lane, L Scott Janis, Marc I Chimowitz
BACKGROUND: An American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) writing committee has recently recommended that tissue evidence of cerebral infarction associated with temporary symptoms (CITS) lasting <24 hours should be considered a stroke. We analyzed the impact of considering CITS as equivalent to stroke on the results of the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial. METHODS: We compared outcomes in the medical (n = 227) and stenting (n = 224) groups in SAMMPRIS using the following primary end point (new components in bold): any stroke, CITS, or death within 30 days after enrollment or within 30 days after a revascularization procedure for the qualifying lesion during follow-up; or ischemic stroke or CITS in the territory of the qualifying artery beyond 30 days...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Gregory M Weiner, Rafey Feroze, David M Panczykowski, Amin Aghaebrahim, William Ares, Nitin Agarwal, John Enis, Xiao Zhu, Andrew F Ducruet
INTRODUCTION: Tandem occlusion resulting in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality and a poor response to thrombolytic therapy. The use of endovascular strategies for tandem stroke cases results in an improved outcome for this subgroup of patients. We present two cases with a pattern of tandem occlusion consisting of proximal obstruction at the origin of the common carotid artery (CCA) with concomitant intracranial occlusion treated by endovascular techniques...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Rodolfo Pini, Gianluca Faggioli, Matteo Longhi, Liborio Ferrante, Andrea Vacirca, Enrico Gallitto, Mauro Gargiulo, Andrea Stella
BACKGROUND: The influence of acute cerebral ischemic lesions (CILs) on the revascularization outcome of symptomatic carotid stenosis has been scarcely investigated in the literature. This study evaluated the effect of CILs and their volume on the results of carotid revascularization in symptomatic patients. METHODS: All patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) between 2005 and 2014 were considered...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Tuba Akinci, Eda Derle, Seda Kibaroğlu, Ali Harman, Feride Kural, Pınar Cınar, Munire Kilinc, Hakki T Akay, Ufuk Can, Ulku S Benli
OBJECTIVE: To review our results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: We evaluated the medical records of patients undergoing carotid artery revascularization procedure, between 2001 and 2013 in Baskent University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Carotid artery stenting or CEA procedures were performed in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (>/=70%) or symptomatic stenosis (>/=50%). Demographic data, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were recorded...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Edgar Gerardo Ordónez-Rubiano, Christian Von-Diemling, William Cortes-Lozano, Nelson Oswaldo Lobelo-Garcia
Giant aneurysms have been treated with endovascular approaches like general, balloon-assisted and stent-assisted coiling, and flow diverter stent-assisted techniques. Few cases have been reported to be treated with both normal and large coils. Despite the mass effect, an adequate revascularization has been reported. An initial use of these coils is being reported in the current study. This is a case which has been successfully treated using a stent-assisted coiling with both small and large coils i.e., Penumbra Coil 400 (Penumbra, Inc...
August 31, 2016: Curēus
Saya Ozaki, Akihiro Inoue, Hajime Miyazaki, Shinji Onoue, Haruhisa Ichikawa, Shinya Fukumoto, Shinji Iwata, Shirou Ohue, Kanehisa Kohno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The long-term outcome of patients with adult moyamoya disease following revascularization surgery remains unclear. Here, we investigated these outcomes more than five years after revascularization surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 48 cerebral hemispheres from 26 patients who underwent revascularization surgery for adult moyamoya disease. The mean follow-up duration was 14.3(5.5-25.6)years. The risk factors of late-onset hemorrhage after revascularization surgery were compared between the bleeding and non-bleeding groups...
October 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Naoyuki Uchiyama, Kouichi Misaki, Masanao Mohri, Tomoya Kamide, Yuichi Hirota, Ryo Higashi, Hisato Minamide, Yukihiko Kohda, Takashi Asahi, Katsuo Shoin, Masayuki Iwato, Daisuke Kita, Yoshitaka Hamada, Yuya Yoshida, Mitsutoshi Nakada
Five recent multicenter randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have clearly shown the superiority of mechanical thrombectomy in large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke compared to systemic thrombolysis. Although 14 hospitals in Ishikawa prefecture have uninterrupted availability of systemic thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy is not available at all of these hospitals. Therefore, we established a Kanazawa mobile embolectomy team (KMET), which could travel to these hospitals and perform the acute reperfusion therapy...
October 11, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Kentaro Suzuki, Junya Aoki, Yuki Sakamoto, Takuya Kanamaru, Arata Abe, Satoshi Suda, Seiji Okubo, Kazumi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate whether the Penumbra 5MAX ACE is superior to other Penumbra systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single center analysis of patients with acute ischemic stroke with occlusion of the internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (M1 segment) who underwent endovascular therapy using a Penumbra system. The reperfusion success rate, puncture-to-revascularization time, and number of passes were assessed...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jonathan P Riley, Andrew B Boucher, Denise S Kim, Daniel L Barrow, Matthew R Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Transorbital intracranial penetrating trauma (TIPT) with a retained intracranial foreign body is a rare event lacking a widely-accepted diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. Intraoperative catheter angiography (IOA) has been advocated by some authorities to rule out cerebrovascular injury prior and/or subsequent to removal of the object, but no standard of care currently exists. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 19-year-old male was involved in a construction site accident whereby a framing nail penetrated the left globe, traversed the lateral bony orbit, and terminated in the mid-temporal lobe...
September 28, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Dezhi Liu, Fabien Scalzo, Neal M Rao, Jason D Hinman, Doojin Kim, Latisha K Ali, Jeffrey L Saver, Wen Sun, Qiliang Dai, Xinfeng Liu, David S Liebeskind
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In acute arterial occlusion, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH) has been linked to slow flow in leptomeningeal collaterals and cerebral hypoperfusion, but the impact on clinical outcome is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between FVH topography or FVH-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) pattern and outcome in acute M1-middle cerebral artery occlusion patients with endovascular treatment...
September 22, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Hoon Kim, Seong Rim Kim, Ik Seong Park, Young Woo Kim
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosisis an uncommon entity and its clinical presentations are highly variable. We present the case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. Although it was medical refractory, successfully treated with mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire FR device. A 27-year-old man who presented with venous infarction accompanied by petechial hemorrhage secondary to the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) thrombosis. Due to rapid deterioration despite of anticoagulation therapy, the patient was taken for endovascular treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Nakao Ota, Felix Goehre, Takanori Miyazaki, Yu Kinoshita, Hidetoshi Matsukawa, Takeshi Yanagisawa, Humihiro Sakakibara, Norihiro Saito, Shiro Miyata, Kosumo Noda, Toshiyuki Tsuboi, Hiroyasu Kamiyama, Sadahisa Tokuda, Kyousuke Kamada, Rokuya Tanikawa
BACKGROUND: The application of bypass procedures to the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) in combination with proximal clipping or trapping is a useful option for the treatment of complex posterior circulation aneurysms, especially those of the PCA. Due to its course around the midbrain through various cisterns, different approaches are required to access the PCA. OBJECTIVE: The presented study analyzes a retrospective case series of bypass procedures to the PCA to investigate the relevant treatment strategies and their outcomes...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Alhusain Nagm, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Takao Yanagawa, Kazuhiro Hongo
This study documents a risky vascular anatomic orientation that might play an important role in the postoperative hemodynamics following anterior cerebral artery (ACA) revascularization. A 71-year-old woman presented with uncontrollable frequent right lower limb transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) attributed to a left cerebral ischemic lesion due to severe left ACA stenosis. She underwent successful left-sided superficial temporal artery-ACA bypass using interposed vascular graft. The patient awoke satisfactory from anesthesia; however, on postoperative day 1, she developed right-sided hemiparesis...
September 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Shin-Joe Yeh, Sung-Chun Tang, Li-Kai Tsai, Ya-Fang Chen, Hon-Man Liu, Ying-An Chen, Yu-Lin Hsieh, Shih-Hung Yang, Yu-Hsuan Tien, Chi-Cheng Yang, Meng-Fai Kuo, Jiann-Shing Jeng
The marked cerebral hypoperfusion of moyamoya disease (MMD) can be treated with encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS), an indirect revascularization surgery. Collateral establishment after the surgery is a gradual process; thus, easy access to serial assessment is of great importance. We prospectively recruited 15 pediatric moyamoya patients who underwent EDAS surgeries on a total of 19 hemispheres. Ultrasonography of extracranial and intracranial arteries was performed pre-operatively and post-operatively at 1, 3 and 6 mo...
September 14, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Yasuhiko Kaku, Hiroaki Takei, Masafumi Miyai, Kentarou Yamashita, Jouji Kokuzawa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cerebral revascularization strategies may become necessary in select patients who present with challenging cerebral aneurysms. In this study, we present the techniques of a moderate-flow extra-intracranial bypass using a short interposition vein graft and concurrent aneurysm management. METHODS: The short interposition vein graft was used for the reconstruction of complex cerebral aneurysms in nine patients. In eight of them, the superficial temporal artery (STA) main trunk was used as a donor site for the anastomosis of a short interposition vein graft, and an extracranial vertebral artery (VA) was used in one case...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Takayuki Hara, Shintaro Arai, Yoshiaki Goto, Tsuguhito Takizawa, Tatsuya Uchida
BACKGROUND: During surgery for cerebral aneurysm, revascularization techniques are occasionally needed to (1) treat an aneurysm (trapping or flow alteration); (2) preserve blood flow during temporary parent artery occlusion (insurance); and (3) repair accidentally injured vessels (troubleshooting). Herein we present our surgical case experiences. METHODS: Revascularization modalities were employed in 33 (7.6 %) of 452 cases of surgically treated aneurysms. The aneurysm locations and associated required bypass procedures were: (1) 7 middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with 7 superficial temporal artery (STA)-MCA bypass procedures; (2) 10 internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms with 9 high-flow and 1 STA-MCA procedures; (3) 10 vertebro-basilar artery aneurysms with 2 high-flow, 6 occipital artery (OA)-posterior ICA, and 1 STA-superior cerebellar artery (SCA) procedures; (4) 1 posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysm with OA-PCA bypass; and (5) 5 anterior cerebral artery aneurysms with 4 A3-A3 and 1 A3-STA-A3 procedure...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Kouichi Misaki, Naoyuki Uchiyama, Masanao Mohri, Tomoya Kamide, Taishi Tsutsui, Naomi Kanamori, Keisuke Kurokawa, Mitsutoshi Nakada
This is the first report on the mechanism of pseudoaneurysm formation after withdrawal of a stent retriever. A 79-year-old woman developed cardiogenic embolization of the distal middle cerebral artery (M2). The deployed stent retriever bent because of vessel tortuosity. After withdrawal of the stent with strong resistance, complete revascularization was achieved, but an extravasation was detected at the site. Eight hours after disappearance of the extravasation, re-bleeding occurred with aneurysm-like pooling of contrast media...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Vladimir Vasconcelos, Nicolle Cassola, Edina Mk da Silva, Jose Cc Baptista-Silva
BACKGROUND: The timing of surgery for recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis remains controversial. Early cerebral revascularization may prevent a disabling or fatal ischemic recurrence, but it may also increase the risk of hemorrhagic transformation, or of dislodging a thrombus. This review examined the randomized controlled evidence that addressed whether the increased risk of recurrent events outweighed the increased benefit of an earlier intervention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the risks and benefits of performing very early cerebral revascularization (within two days) compared with delayed treatment (after two days) for people with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis...
September 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mohammed Hussain, Mohammad Moussavi, Daniel Korya, Siddhart Mehta, Jaskiran Brar, Harina Chahal, Ihtesham Qureshi, Tapan Mehta, Javaad Ahmad, Osama O Zaidat, Jawad F Kirmani
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the treatment of ischemic stroke have focused on revascularization and led to better clinical and functional outcomes. A systematic review and pooled analyses of 6 recent multicentered prospective randomized controlled trials (MPRCT) were performed to compare intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) and endovascular therapy (intervention) with IV tPA alone (control) for anterior circulation ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to large vessel occlusion (LVO)...
June 2016: Interventional Neurology
Ken Kazumata, Khin Khin Tha, Haruto Uchino, Tohru Shiga, Hideo Shichinohe, Masaki Ito, Naoki Nakayama, Takeo Abumiya
OBJECTIVE After revascularization surgery, hyperperfusion and ischemia are associated with morbidity and mortality in adult moyamoya disease (MMD). However, structural changes within the brain following revascularization surgery, especially in the early postsurgical period, have not been thoroughly studied. Such knowledge may enable improved monitoring and clinical management of hyperperfusion and ischemia in MMD. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the topographic and temporal profiles of cerebral perfusion and related white matter microstructural changes following revascularization surgery in adult MMD...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
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