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Felix Nensa, Julia Kloth, Ercan Tezgah, Thorsten D Poeppel, Philipp Heusch, Juliane Goebel, Kai Nassenstein, Thomas Schlosser
OBJECTIVE: Besides cardiac sarcoidosis, FDG-PET is rarely used in the diagnosis of myocardial inflammation, while cardiac MRI (CMR) is the actual imaging reference for the workup of myocarditis. Using integrated PET/MRI in patients with suspected myocarditis, we prospectively compared FDG-PET to CMR and the feasibility of integrated FDG-PET/MRI in myocarditis. METHODS: A total of 65 consecutive patients with suspected myocarditis were prospectively assessed using integrated cardiac FDG-PET/MRI...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Markus S Hanke, Simon D Steppacher, Helen Anwander, Stefan Werlen, Klaus A Siebenrock, Moritz Tannast
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) with radial cuts is presently the best available preoperative imaging study to evaluate chondrolabral lesions in the setting of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Existing followup studies for surgical treatment of FAI have evaluated predictors of treatment failure based on preoperative clinical examination, intraoperative findings, and conventional radiography. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined whether any preoperative findings on MRA images might be associated with failure of surgical treatment of FAI in the long term...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Eugene Won, Ankur M Doshi
PURPOSE: To assess the content of currently available YouTube videos seeking to educate patients regarding commonly performed imaging examinations. METHODS: After initial testing of possible search terms, the first two pages of YouTube search results for "CT scan," "MRI," "ultrasound patient," "PET scan," and "mammogram" were reviewed to identify educational patient videos created by health organizations. Sixty-three included videos were viewed and assessed for a range of features...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Ramsey A Falconer, Sean L Rogers, Cristie M Brewer, Franco Piscitani, Mahesh B Shenai
Simulated surgical environments are rapidly gaining adoption in training students, residents, and members of specialized surgical teams. However, minimal attention has been given to the use of simulated surgical environments to educate patients on surgical processes, particularly procedures that require the active participation of the patient. "Awake" neurosurgery provides a unique situation in which patients openly participate in their operation. We describe a case report, in which a 62-year-old male was referred for "awake" deep brain stimulation implantation, in relation to medically refractory Parkinson's disease...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
Yaohui Wang, Feng Liu, Yu Li, Fangfang Tang, Stuart Crozier
A conventional cylindrical whole-body MRI scanner has a long bore that may cause claustrophobia for some patients in addition to being inconvenient for healthcare workers accessing the patient. A short-bore scanner usually offers a small sized imaging area, which is impractical for imaging some body parts, such as the torso. This work proposes a novel asymmetric gradient coil design that offers a full-sized imaging area close to one end of the coil. In the new design, the primary and shielding coils are connected at one end whilst separated at the other, allowing the installation of the cooling system and shim trays...
August 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Adi Lahat, Uri Kopylov, Marianne M Amitai, Sandra Neuman, Nina Levhar, Doron Yablecovitch, Benjamin Avidan, Henit Yanai, Iris Dotan, Yehuda Chowers, Batya Weiss, Shomron Ben-Horin, Rami Eliakim
BACKGROUND: Despite differences in the information obtained by capsule endoscopy (CE) and magnetic resonance enterography (MRE), one of these modalities is usually needed when evaluating disease activity. There are no data on patients' preference that would help guide the choice between these two modalities in these instances. AIM: To compare patients' tolerance and preference to MRE versus CE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with known small bowel Crohn's disease (CD) in clinical remission (Crohn's disease activity index [CDAI] <150) or with mild symptoms (CDAI <220) were prospectively recruited...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
J L Carreras-Delgado, V Pérez-Dueñas, C Riola-Parada, L García-Cañamaque
PET/MRI is a new multimodality technique with a promising future in diagnostic imaging. Technical limitations are being overcome. Interference between the two systems (PET and MRI) seems to have been resolved. MRI-based PET attenuation correction can be performed safely. Scan time is acceptable and the study is tolerable, with claustrophobia prevalence similar to that of MRI. Quantification with common parameters, such as Standardized Uptake Value (SUV), shows a fairly good correlation between both systems...
September 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
A hadanny, O Meir, Y Bechor, G Fishlev, J Bergan, S Efrati
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy is applied in a growing number of cases for patients with different comorbidities and is considered a generally safe therapy. The main side effects related to HBO2 therapy are barotrauma, central nervous system- and pulmonary oxygen toxicity, claustrophobia, anxiety and visual disturbances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of side effects associated with HBO2 therapy and risk factors in a large cohort of patients treated for different indications...
March 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Magdalena Sanz Cortes, Nuria Bargallo, Angela Arranz, Rui Simoes, Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacos
OBJECTIVES: To report the feasibility and main factors affecting the success of a fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy (MRS) research protocol performed at term using a 3-tesla scanner. METHODS: Pregnant patients at term underwent an MRI. Specific measures were taken to prevent maternal discomfort and distress, such as detailed counseling and maternal repositioning if needed. MRS data were acquired from the frontal lobe and basal ganglia, and processed applying quality control criteria...
May 27, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Marco Cascella
In 1891 the Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morselli (1852-1929) described taphophobia, defining it as an extreme condition of claustrophobia due to the fear of being buried alive. This rare psychopathological phenomenon reflects an ancient fear, and its origin is not known. Taphophobia is closely linked to the problem of apparent death and premature burial. In the nineteenth century, scientists and authors paid particular attention to the issue of apparent death, and special devices (safety coffins) were invented to ensure that premature burial was avoided...
September 2016: History of Psychiatry
David Wiant, Sarah Squire, Han Liu, Jacqueline Maurer, T Lane Hayes, Benjamin Sintay
PURPOSE: Head and neck (HN) radiation therapy patients are typically immobilized with closed thermoplastic masks that cover the face and may cause discomfort. In this work, we examine the use of open masks for HN radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty HN patients were prospectively randomized into 2 groups (25 closed masks, 25 open masks). The open-mask group was monitored with surface imaging to evaluate intrafraction motion. Both groups underwent daily volumetric imaging...
February 13, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Michele D'Alto, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Werner Budts, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Giovanni Di Salvo, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Pierluigi Festa, Giancarlo Scognamiglio, Gaetano Rea, Lamia Ait Ali, Wei Li, Michael A Gatzoulis
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The present review aims to discuss the clinical applications of invasive and non-invasive diagnostic modalities and to describe the strengths and weaknesses of each technique. Chest radiograph is an inexpensive investigation providing information on pulmonary arterial and hilar dilatation, pruning of peripheral pulmonary arteries and cardiomegaly. Transthoracic two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography is the most widely used imaging tool...
June 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Grace E Shearrer, Benjamin T House, Michelle C Gallas, Jeffrey J Luci, Jaimie N Davis
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study developed techniques to perform Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of specific fat deposition in 18 children (age 18 months to 4 years). METHODS: The children engaged in a series of practice tests to become acclimated to the scanner noises, reduce claustrophobia, and rehearse holding still for a set time. The practice tests assessed if the child could remain still for two minutes while watching a video, first while lying on a blanket, second, on the blanket with headphones, and third, in the mock scanner...
2016: PloS One
M S Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam, Anurag Jhanjee
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya fever is an acute illness caused by an arbovirus and has various complications like neurological, psychological, dermatological and even multi organ failure. Psychiatric co-morbidity is not very well studied till now. This is the first report from India. AIM: Aim of the study was to assess the psychiatric morbidity during or after the onset of Chikungunya fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred from Medicine department with confirmed diagnosis of Chikungunya fever were recruited, after taking informed consent...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
B Kelly Han, Anthony M Hlavacek, W Aaron Kay, Tam Dan N Pham, Katharine Grant, Ross F Garberich, John R Lesser, Subha V Raman
Ventricular volumes and ejection fraction are often used in clinical decision making in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). The referral diagnosis, radiation exposure and image quality of functional cardiac computed tomography (CT) in a relatively large cohort of patients of CHD has not been reported. This is a retrospective evaluation of functional CT studies performed in CHD patients from three institutions (1/2007-3/2013). Patient and scanner characteristics, radiation dose estimates and image quality were compared...
October 16, 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Laura Klaming, Daisy van Minde, Hans Weda, Tim Nielsen, Lucien E M Duijm
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: During a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, patients are required to remain still to minimize motion that may compromise image quality and may make rescanning necessary. It is often assumed that anxiety, which is experienced by a considerable number of patients undergoing an MR examination, increases motion and decreases image quality. The present study explores the relationship between anxiety and movement of patients during an MR examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anxiety was measured subjectively by means of the State Anxiety Inventory and a visual analogue scale for claustrophobia...
December 2015: Academic Radiology
Samuel Hunley, Eugene Park, Matthew Longo, Stella Lourenco
Psychologists have long noted perceptual distortions associated with fear (e.g., Baddeley, 1972; Keinan, 1987). More recently, researchers have reported that participants high in acrophobic fear (i.e., fear of heights) show greater overestimation of vertical extents compared to participants low in acrophobic fear (e.g., Teachman et al. 2008; Stefanucci & Proffitt, 2009). In our study, we examined individual differences in trait claustrophobic fear (i.e., fear of enclosed or restrictive situations) in relation to horizontal distance perception...
2015: Journal of Vision
P S Sidhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Michael H Bennett, Jan P Lehm, Nigel Jepson
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), includes acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina, is common and may prove fatal. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) will improve oxygen supply to the threatened heart and may reduce the volume of heart muscle that perishes. The addition of HBOT to standard treatment may reduce death rate and other major adverse outcomes.This an update of a review previously published in May 2004 and June 2010. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence for the effects of adjunctive HBOT in the treatment of ACS...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tara Mullaney, Kristina Olausson, Lena Sharp, Björn Zackrisson, David Edvardsson, Tufve Nyholm
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine whether there is a relationship between cancer patients' perceptions of the person-centeredness of their treatment experience and their anxiety levels during treatment. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to adult cancer patients going through external beam radiotherapy (RT) with curative intent at a university hospital in Sweden (n = 892), which included two surveys, the State Trait Anxiety Inventory-state specific questions (STAI-S), and the Patient-centered Climate Questionnaire (PCQ) and additional treatment-specific questions...
February 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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