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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072822/point-of-care-versus-central-laboratory-measurements-of-hemoglobin-hematocrit-glucose-bicarbonate-and-electrolytes-a-prospective-observational-study-in-critically-ill-patients
#1
Jérôme Allardet-Servent, Melissa Lebsir, Christian Dubroca, Martine Fabrigoule, Sylvie Jordana, Thomas Signouret, Matthias Castanier, Guillemette Thomas, Rettinavelou Soundaravelou, Anne Lepidi, Laurence Delapierre, Guillaume Penaranda, Philippe Halfon, Jean-Marie Seghboyan
INTRODUCTION: Rapid detection of abnormal biological values using point-of-care (POC) testing allows clinicians to promptly initiate therapy; however, there are concerns regarding the reliability of POC measurements. We investigated the agreement between the latest generation blood gas analyzer and central laboratory measurements of electrolytes, bicarbonate, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and glucose. METHODS: 314 paired samples were collected prospectively from 51 critically ill patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067094/the-use-of-regression-analysis-in-determining-reference-intervals-for-low-hematocrit-and-thrombocyte-count-in-multiple-electrode-aggregometry-and-platelet-function-analyzer-100-testing-of-platelet-function
#2
Gerhardus J A J M Kuiper, Rik Houben, Rick J H Wetzels, Paul W M Verhezen, Rene van Oerle, Hugo Ten Cate, Yvonne M C Henskens, Marcus D Lancé
Low platelet counts and hematocrit levels hinder whole blood point-of-care testing of platelet function. Thus far, no reference ranges for MEA (multiple electrode aggregometry) and PFA-100 (platelet function analyzer 100) devices exist for low ranges. Through dilution methods of volunteer whole blood, platelet function at low ranges of platelet count and hematocrit levels was assessed on MEA for four agonists and for PFA-100 in two cartridges. Using (multiple) regression analysis, 95% reference intervals were computed for these low ranges...
January 9, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060032/validation-of-a-model-for-predicting-pressure-injury-risk-in-patients-with-vascular-diseases
#3
Tonya Moyse, Jacqueline Bates, Matthew Karafa, Angela Whitman, Nancy M Albert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate a 10-factor model of risk factors for hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) risk in patients with vascular disease. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Medical reviews identified 800 patients from a 1063 admissions from a 1400 bed quarternary care hospital in the midwestern United States. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated during an 18-month period on a medical-surgical vascular progressive care unit were reviewed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049622/efficacy-and-safety-of-coronary-sinus-aspiration-during-coronary-angiography-to-attenuate-the-risk-of-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-predisposed-patients
#4
Osama Ali Diab, Mostafa Helmy, Yasser Gomaa, Reem El-Shalakany
BACKGROUND: The incidence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury is strongly related to the amount of the given contrast. Our objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of coronary sinus aspiration (CSA) procedure to reduce the volume of the given contrast and attenuate the risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 43 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and renal impairment (creatinine 1.5-3 mg/dL) who were candidates for coronary angiography...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045096/diabetes-cardiac-disorders-and-asthma-as-risk-factors-for-severe-organ-involvement-among-adult-dengue-patients-a-matched-case-control-study
#5
Junxiong Pang, Jung Pu Hsu, Tsin Wen Yeo, Yee Sin Leo, David C Lye
Progression to severe organ involvement due to dengue infection has been associated with severe dengue disease, intensive care treatment, and mortality. However, there is a lack of understanding of the impact of pre-existing comorbidities and other risk factors of severe organ involvement among dengue adults. The aim of this retrospective case-control study is to characterize and identify risk factors that predispose dengue adults at risk of progression with severe organ involvement. This study involved 174 dengue patients who had progressed with severe organ involvement and 865 dengue patients without severe organ involvement, matched by the year of presentation of the cases, who were admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital between year 2005 and 2008...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041568/corrigendum-to-parent-and-nurse-perceptions-on-the-quality-of-family-centered-care-in-11-european-nicus-aust-crit-care-29-4-2016-201-209
#6
Simo Raiskila, Liisa Lehtonen, Bente Silnes Tandberg, Erik Normann, Uwe Ewald, Sylvia Caballero, Heili Varendi, Liis Toome, Marianne Nordhøv, Boubou Hallberg, Björn Westrup, Rosario Montirosso, Anna Axelin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031095/effect-of-point-of-care-hemoglobin-hematocrit-devices-and-autologous-blood-salvage-on-reduction-of-perioperative-allogeneic-blood-transfusion
#7
Wei-Yun Chen, Xue-Rong Yu, Jiao Zhang, Qing Yuan, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To evaluate the effect of point-of-care hemoglobin/hematocrit (POC HGB/HCT) devices and intraoperative blood salvage on the amount of perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion and blood conservation in clinical practice.Methods A total of 46 378 medical records of 22 selected hospitals were reviewed. The volume of allogeneic red blood cell and plasma, number of patients transfused, number of intraoperative autologous blood salvage, total volume of autologous blood transfusion, and amount of surgery in the year of 2011 and 2013 were tracked...
June 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994301/pressure-ulcers-developing-clinical-indicators-in-evidence-based-practice-a-prospective-study
#8
Konstantinos Tsaras, Maria Chatzi, Christos F Kleisiaris, Evangelos C Fradelos, Lambrini Kourkouta, Ioanna V Papathanasiou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: It is widely recognized that Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients have a greater likelihood of developing pressure ulcers in comparison to hospital or home care patients. Accordingly, this study aimed to evaluate whether specific clinical characteristics could be used as clinical indicators towards pressure ulcers prevention. METHOD: We monitored 210 hospitalized ICU patients during a 12-month period. Pressure ulcers were assessed following the current guidelines...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981798/frequencies-and-phenotypic-consequences-of-association-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-thalassemia-alleles-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-bahrain
#9
S Abuamer, D K Shome, A Jaradat, A Radhi, J P Bapat, K A Sharif, J Al-Touq, A Al-Asheeri, A Al-Ajami
INTRODUCTION: Bahrain has high prevalence rates of sickle cell and thalassemia in the population. This study reports the frequencies and phenotypic characteristics of α- and/or β-thalassemia associated with sickle-cell disease (SCD) in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Adult SCD patients (n = 200) were screened for the common α- and β-thalassemia alleles prevalent in the region using molecular techniques. Results of CBC, hemoglobin analysis, and average annual frequencies of severe pain episodes and numbers of transfused red cell units were documented...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955753/corrigendum-to-a-study-on-reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-face-anxiety-scale-on-mechanically-ventilated-patients-intensive-crit-care-nurs-37-2016-46-51
#10
Emine Iyigun, Berrin Pazar, Sevinc Tastan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909630/comparison-between-closed-suction-drainage-and-no-drainage-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-tertiary-care-setting-in-pakistan
#11
Avais Raja, Hana Manzoor, Waqar M Jan, Salman Assad
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is associated with hematoma formation and extensive blood loss up to 1.5 liters. The placement of a closed suction drain to control this complication is controversial. The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy between total knee arthroplasty without a drain and with a closed suction drain.  Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2014 and December 2015 on 100 patients to assess the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, the rate of allogeneic blood transfusion, and the length of hospital stay in patients with a closed suction drain versus no suction post-total knee arthroplasty...
October 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908501/prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-palliative-care-immersion-training-for-general-surgery-residents
#12
Mustafa Raoof, Lisa O'Neill, Leigh Neumayer, Mindy Fain, Robert Krouse
BACKGROUND: Palliative care competencies in surgical training are recognized to improve the care of surgical patients with advanced or life-threatening illnesses. Formal programs to teach these competencies are lacking. The study aims to assess the feasibility and utility of a unique surgical palliative care immersion training program. STUDY DESIGN: A half-day Surgical Palliative Care Immersion Training (SPCIT) was developed using the American College of Surgeon's manual titled "Surgical Palliative Care: A Resident's Guide" as a framework...
November 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904574/comparison-of-early-period-results-of-blood-use-in-open-heart-surgery
#13
Serhat Huseyin, Volkan Yuksel, Orkut Guclu, Fatma Nesrin Turan, Suat Canbaz, Turan Ege, Hasan Sunar
BACKGROUND: Various adverse effects of homologous blood transfusion detected particularly in open heart surgery, in which it is frequently used, lead researchers to study on autologous blood use and to evaluate the patient's blood better. Due to the complications of homologous blood transfusion, development of techniques that utilize less transfusion has become inevitable. We aimed to evaluate the effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) in patients undergoing open heart surgery...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903213/correction-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-plasma-filtration-in-severe-paediatric-sepsis-crit-care-resusc-2013-15-198-204
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903212/correction-routine-coagulation-testing-in-intensive-care-crit-care-resusc-2016-18-213-217
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876075/chlorhexidine-bathing-and-health-care-associated-infections-among-adult-intensive-care-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Steven A Frost, Mari-Cris Alogso, Lauren Metcalfe, Joan M Lynch, Leanne Hunt, Ritesh Sanghavi, Evan Alexandrou, Kenneth M Hillman
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAI) have been shown to increase length of stay, the cost of care, and rates of hospital deaths (Kaye and Marchaim, J Am Geriatr Soc 62(2):306-11, 2014; Roberts and Scott, Med Care 48(11):1026-35, 2010; Warren and Quadir, Crit Care Med 34(8):2084-9, 2006; Zimlichman and Henderson, JAMA Intern Med 173(22):2039-46, 2013). Importantly, infections acquired during a hospital stay have been shown to be preventable (Loveday and Wilson, J Hosp Infect 86:S1-70, 2014)...
November 23, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867734/in-vitro-hematocrit-measurement-using-spectrally-encoded-flow-cytometry
#17
Adel Zeidan, Lior Golan, Dvir Yelin
Measuring key physiological parameters of small blood samples extracted from patients could be useful for real-time clinical diagnosis at the point of care. An important parameter required from all blood tests is the blood hematocrit, a measure of the fractional volume occupied by the red cells within the blood. In this work, we present a method for in vitro evaluation of hematocrit based on the data acquired using spectrally encoded flow cytometry. Analysis of the reflectance confocal images of blood within a flow chamber resulted in an error as low as 1...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866358/anemia-and-dental-caries-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Elisa Miranda Costa, Juliana A P Azevedo, Rafiza F M Martins, Cláudia M C Alves, Cecília C C Ribeiro, Erika B A F Thomaz
The objective was to evaluate the effect of anemia during pregnancy on the risk of dental caries development in pregnant women. A prospective cohort including a sample of pregnant women in a prenatal care unit of São Luís, Brazil, was done. The incidence of dental caries during pregnancy, according to Nyvad's criteria, was the outcome. The main independent variables were serum iron, ferritin, hemoglobin, erythrocyte, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red cell distribution width (RDW)...
November 19, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866034/micro-vs-macrodiscectomy-does-use-of-the-microscope-reduce-complication-rates
#19
Meghan E Murphy, Jeffrey S Hakim, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Daniel S Ubl, Elizabeth B Habermann, Mohamad Bydon
OBJECTIVE: A single level discectomy is one of the most common procedures performed by spine surgeons. While some practitioners utilize the microscope, others do not. We postulate improved visualization with an intraoperative microscope decreases complications and inferior outcomes. METHODS: A multicenter surgical registry was utilized for this retrospective cohort analysis. Patients with degenerative spinal diagnoses undergoing elective single level discectomies from 2010 to 2014 were included...
January 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845807/effects-of-nutritional-intervention-in-long-term-care-in-korea
#20
Eunkyoung Kim, Hyunwook Kang, Nahyun Kim
Institutionalized older adults are known to be at high risk of malnutrition, but few nutritional interventions have been used for older adults in long-term care (LTC) settings. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of implementing a nutritional intervention involving nursing staff education, facilitation, and a shared algorithm (NIEFA) for institutionalized older adults in Korea. A quasi-experimental pre- and posttest design was used. Patients in two LTC facilities were assigned to an intervention (n = 23) or control (n = 22) group...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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