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Music and surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903764/epilepsy-and-music-practical-notes
#1
REVIEW
M Maguire
Music processing occurs via a complex network of activity far beyond the auditory cortices. This network may become sensitised to music or may be recruited as part of a temporal lobe seizure, manifesting as either musicogenic epilepsy or ictal musical phenomena. The idea that sound waves may directly affect brain waves has led researchers to explore music as therapy for epilepsy. There is limited and low quality evidence of an antiepileptic effect with the Mozart Sonata K.448. We do not have a pathophysiological explanation for the apparent dichotomous effect of music on seizures...
November 30, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889418/a-state-wide-intervention-improves-appropriate-imaging-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#2
Patrick Hurley, Apoorv Dhir, Yuqing Gao, Brian Drabik, Kenneth Lim, Jon Curry, Paul R Womble, Susan M Linsell, Andrew Brachulis, Donald W Sexton, Khurshid R Ghani, Brian T Denton, David C Miller, James E Montie
PURPOSE: We implemented a statewide intervention to improve imaging utilization for staging of men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative, a quality improvement collaborative comprised of 42 diverse practices representing approximately 85% of the urologists in Michigan, has developed imaging appropriateness criteria (PSA > 20, Gleason score 7 or higher, clinical stage T3 or higher) that minimize unnecessary imaging with bone scan and computed tomography...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873424/the-cross-canada-quintet-presents-variations-on-music-movements-in-the-keys-of-h-p-and-e
#3
Brett Schrewe, Joanna Bates, Christopher Watling, Rachel H Ellaway, Dan Pratt
Whether it is rock playing in the background during a surgery, cool jazz that wafts from our office computer speakers as we write up our clinical notes, or the soaring of a symphony on the radio that inspires that perfect flourish to an article, music is woven throughout much of our clinical and academic lives. For the five of us, however, music alternates between the background and foreground in our lives as health professions educators. Music balances the working day, illuminates our research, and reconciles the utility of our training with the originality of our practice...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825661/development-and-validation-of-a-mental-practice-tool-for-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#4
Said S Saab, Jamie Bastek, Sandra Dayaratna, Ellyn Hutton, Catherine R Salva
OBJECTIVE: Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) is a common operation performed by obstetrician-gynecologists. Training opportunities for this procedure are declining. Mental practice (MP), the use of mental imagery to rehearse a task symbolically before performance, has been used successfully in sports and music to enhance skill. This strategy demonstrates benefit in existing surgical education literature. We aimed to develop and validate a MP tool (MPT) for resident training in TAH. DESIGN: A prospective survey study was performed in a large, urban, academic medical center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778171/multi-port-versus-single-port-cholecystectomy-results-of-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-music-trial
#5
Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Passera, Alberto Bullano, Yoav Mintz, Asaf Kedar, Luigi Boni, Elisa Cassinotti, Riccardo Rosati, Uberto Fumagalli Romario, Mario Sorrentino, Marco Brizzolari, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Achille Lucio Gaspari, Dario Andreone, Elena De Stefani, Giuseppe Navarra, Salvatore Lazzara, Maurizio Degiuli, Kirill Shishin, Igor Khatkov, Ivan Kazakov, Rudolf Schrittwieser, Thomas Carus, Alessio Corradi, Guenther Sitzman, Antonio Lacy, Selman Uranues, Amir Szold, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND: Single-port laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy for benign disease has not yet been accepted as a standard procedure. The aim of the multi-port versus single-port cholecystectomy trial was to compare morbidity rates after single-access (SPC) and standard laparoscopy (MPC). METHODS: This non-inferiority phase 3 trial was conducted at 20 hospital surgical departments in six countries. At each centre, patients were randomly assigned to undergo either SPC or MPC...
October 24, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768177/addressing-practice-gaps-in-cutaneous-surgery-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740618/the-effect-of-music-with-and-without-binaural-beat-audio-on-operative-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
D Wiwatwongwana, P Vichitvejpaisal, L Thaikruea, J Klaphajone, A Tantong, A Wiwatwongwana
PurposeTo investigate the anxiolytic effects of binaural beat embedded audio in patients undergoing cataract surgery under local anesthesia.MethodsThis prospective RCT included 141 patients undergoing cataract surgery under local anesthesia. The patients were randomized into three groups; the Binaural beat music group (BB), the plain music intervention group (MI), and a control group (ear phones with no music). Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate were measured on admission, at the beginning of and 20 min after the start of the operation...
October 14, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663459/variation-in-guideline-concordant-active-surveillance-followup-in-diverse-urology-practices
#8
Amy N Luckenbaugh, Gregory B Auffenberg, Scott R Hawken, Apoorv Dhir, Susan Linsell, Sanjeev Kaul, David C Miller
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency of followup prostate specific antigen testing and prostate biopsy among men treated with active surveillance in the academic and community urology practices comprising MUSIC (Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaboration). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MUSIC is a consortium of 42 practices that maintains a prospective clinical registry with validated clinical data on all patients diagnosed with prostate cancer at participating sites...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634316/mental-practice-in-postgraduate-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-mastoidectomy-skills
#9
Anne Conlin, Jane Lea, Manohar Bance, Neil Chadha, Shaun Kilty, Frederick Kozak, Julian Savage, Ravindar Sidhu, Joseph Chen, Brian D Westerberg
BACKGROUND: Mental practice, the cognitive rehearsal of a task in the absence of overt physical movement, has been successfully used in teaching complex psychomotor tasks including sports and music, and recently, surgical skills. The objectives of this study were, 1) To develop and evaluate a mental practice protocol for mastoidectomy 2) To assess the immediate impact of mental practice on a mastoidectomy surgical task among senior Otolaryngology─Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS) residents...
2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422298/appropriateness-criteria-for-active-surveillance-of-prostate-cancer
#10
Michael L Cher, Apoorv Dhir, Gregory B Auffenberg, Susan Linsell, Yuqing Gao, Bradley Rosenberg, S Mohammad Jafri, Laurence Klotz, David C Miller, Khurshid R Ghani, Steven J Bernstein, James E Montie, Brian R Lane
PURPOSE: The adoption of active surveillance varies widely across urological communities, which suggests a need for more consistency in the counseling of patients. To address this need we used the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method to develop appropriateness criteria and counseling statements for active surveillance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Panelists were recruited from MUSIC urology practices. Combinations of parameters thought to influence decision making were used to create and score 160 theoretical clinical scenarios for appropriateness of active surveillance...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418534/brain-and-music-an-intraoperative-stimulation-mapping-study-of-a-professional-opera-singer
#11
Marco Riva, Alessandra Casarotti, Alessandro Comi, Federico Pessina, Lorenzo Bello
BACKGROUND: Music is one of the most sophisticated and fascinating functions of the brain. Yet, how music is instantiated within the brain is not fully characterized. Singing is a peculiar aspect of music, in which both musical and linguistic skills are required to provide a merged vocal output. Identifying the neural correlates of this process is relevant for both clinical and research purposes. CASE DESCRIPTION: An adult white man with a presumed left temporal glioma was studied...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374479/place-dependent-stimulation-rates-improve-pitch-perception-in-cochlear-implantees-with-single-sided-deafness
#12
Tobias Rader, Julia Döge, Youssef Adel, Tobias Weissgerber, Uwe Baumann
In normal hearing, the pitch of an acoustic tone can theoretically be encoded by either the place of stimulation in the cochlea or the corresponding rate of vibration. Thus spectral attributes and temporal fine structure of an acoustic signal are naturally correlated. Cochlear implants (CIs), neural prosthetic devices that restore hearing in the profoundly hearing impaired, currently disregard this mechanism; electrical stimulation is provided at fixed electrode positions with default place independent stimulation rate assignments...
September 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367173/preservation-of-cognitive-and-musical-abilities-of-a-musician-following-surgery-for-chronic-drug-resistant-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-case-report
#13
Shantala Hegde, Rose Dawn Bharath, Malla Bhaskara Rao, Karthik Shiva, Arivazhagan Arimappamagan, Sanjib Sinha, Jamuna Rajeswaran, Parthasarathy Satishchandra
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) affects a range of cognitive functions and musical abilities. We report a 16-year-old boy diagnosed with drug-resistant right-medial TLE. He is a professional musician, trained in Carnatic classical music. Clinical, electrophysiological, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography evaluation localized the seizure focus to the right medial temporal lobe. Patient underwent detailed neuropsychological evaluation and functional MRI (fMRI) for musical abilities prior to surgery...
July 1, 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256204/comparison-of-pathological-outcomes-for-men-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-from-diverse-practice-settings-similar-results-from-immediate-prostatectomy-or-initial-surveillance-with-delayed-prostatectomy
#14
Gregory B Auffenberg, Susan Linsell, Apoorv Dhir, Stacie N Myers, Bradley Rosenberg, David C Miller
PURPOSE: We compared pathological outcomes after radical prostatectomy for a population based sample of men with low risk prostate cancer initially on active surveillance and undergoing delayed prostatectomy vs those treated with immediate surgery in order to better understand this expectant management approach outside of the context of academic cohorts. We hypothesized that delays in surgery due to initial surveillance would not impact surgical pathological outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 2 groups of patients with NCCN low risk prostate cancer from practices in the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative, that is 1) men who chose initial active surveillance and went on to delayed prostatectomy and 2) men who chose immediate prostatectomy...
November 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235957/background-music-playback-in-the-preoperative-setting-does-it-reduce-the-level-of-preoperative-anxiety-among-candidates-for-elective-surgery
#15
Galina Kipnis, Nili Tabak, Silvia Koton
BACKGROUND: Contemporary medicine and nursing use music to stabilize mood, relieve tension and anxiety, and achieve higher treatment efficiency. Preoperative anxiety may be responsible for cognitive and behavioral changes affecting treatment efficiency. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of background music on preoperative anxiety in elective surgery patients and on noise levels in the surgery waiting room. DESIGN: One hundred fifty-nine elective surgery patients were divided into an intervention group (n = 82) and a control group (n = 77)...
June 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235956/the-duration-of-self-selected-music-needed-to-reduce-preoperative-anxiety
#16
Sylva L McClurkin, Claudia D Smith
PURPOSE: Preoperative anxiety affects patients both physically and psychologically. It may also influence the patient's perioperative experience and result in reduced patient satisfaction with care and potentially delayed recovery. Previous research indicates that patients who listen to music in the perioperative setting experience less anxiety than patients who do not listen to music. Research does not address the duration of music required to effectively reduce anxiety in this population...
June 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200400/tailoring-tendon-transfer-surgery-and-rehabilitation-for-a-musician-a-case-study
#17
Cynthia Watkins, Michael Rivlin, Pedro K Beredjiklian
Tendon transfers in hand patients are a commonly performed procedure after extensor tendon rupture. However, the standard side to side technique is not applicable in every patient. We present a case of a musician with unique demands to demonstrate the option to customize surgical technique and therapy regimen to the unique needs of each patient. An extensor indicis proprius to extensor digitorum communis transfer was performed in a 73 year old musician. A controlled active motion therapy protocol was followed...
April 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188636/bilateral-stereotactic-thalamotomy-for-bilateral-musician-s-hand-dystonia
#18
Shiro Horisawa, Shinichi Goto, Takeshi Nakajima, Takakazu Kawamata, Takaomi Taira
BACKGROUND: Focal hand dystonia in musicians, also known as musician's dystonia, is a task-specific movement disorder characterized by unwanted involuntary muscle contractions occurring only when playing a musical instrument. CASE DESCRIPTION: Case 1 was a 50-year-old female professional pianist who underwent staged bilateral ventro-oral (Vo) thalamotomy, with an interval between the first and second surgery of 4 years. The first surgery (right Vo thalamotomy) led to significant improvements in dystonic symptoms without any complications...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125531/utility-of-recorded-guided-imagery-and-relaxing-music-in-reducing-patient-pain-and-anxiety-and-surgeon-anxiety-during-cutaneous-surgical-procedures-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Murad Alam, Wanjarus Roongpisuthipong, Natalie A Kim, Amita Goyal, Jillian H Swary, Renata T Brindise, Sanjana Iyengar, Natalie Pace, Dennis P West, Mahesh Polavarapu, Simon Yoo
BACKGROUND: Guided imagery and music can reportedly reduce pain and anxiety during surgery, but no comparative study has been performed for cutaneous surgery to our knowledge. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether short-contact recorded guided imagery or relaxing music could reduce patient pain and anxiety, and surgeon anxiety, during cutaneous surgical procedures. METHODS: Subjects were adults undergoing excisional surgery for basal and squamous cell carcinoma...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113032/understanding-the-use-of-prostate-biopsy-among-men-with-limited-life-expectancy-in-a-statewide-quality-improvement-collaborative
#20
Firas Abdollah, Zaojun Ye, David C Miller, Susan M Linsell, James E Montie, James O Peabody, Khurshid R Ghani
BACKGROUND: The potential harms of a prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis may outweigh its benefits in elderly men. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of prostate biopsy in men with limited life expectancy (LE) within the practices comprising the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: MUSIC is a consortium of 42 practices and nearly 85% of the urologists in Michigan. From July 2013 to October 2014, clinical data were collected prospectively for all men undergoing prostate biopsy...
April 21, 2016: European Urology
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