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Music and surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685824/intraoperative-music-application-in-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#1
P K Buehler, N Spielmann, S Buehrer, A R Schmidt, M Weiss, A Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization, surgery and anaesthesia may lead to new-onset maladaptive behaviour, emotional distress and trauma. This pilot study aims to investigate the influence of intraoperatively applied music on post-operative behaviour in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children with an ASA physical state classification of I or II, aged from 4 to 16 years and scheduled for elective circumcision or inguinal hernia repair under combined general and caudal anaesthesia were included...
July 6, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652160/establishment-of-a-web-based-system-for-collection-of-patient-reported-outcomes-after-radical-prostatectomy-in-a-statewide-quality-improvement-collaborative
#2
Steven M Lucas, Tae-Kyung Kim, Khurshid R Ghani, David C Miller, Susan Linsell, Jay Starr, James O Peabody, Patrick Hurley, James Montie, Michael L Cher
Objective To report on the establishment of a unified, electronic PRO infrastructure and pilot results from the first 5 practices enrolled in the web-based collection system developed by the Michigan Urologic Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC). Methods Eligible patients were those undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) of 5 academic and community practices. PRO was obtained using a validated 21-item web-based questionnaire, regarding urinary function, erection function, and sexual interest and satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639089/crossover-clinical-trial-of-pain-relief-in-cataract-surgery
#3
Suvin Choi, Sang-Gue Park, Lorne Bellan, Hyung-Hwan Lee, Sung Kun Chung
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of intra-operative Korean traditional music on pain experienced by Korean patients undergoing sequential bilateral cataract surgery. METHODS: This was a two-sequence, two-period, and two-treatment crossover study. Fifty-two patients with cataracts were divided into two groups by block randomization, and bilateral cataract surgery was performed. In group 1, patients listened to Korean traditional music (KTM) during their first but not second cataract surgery...
June 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619305/effects-of-music-listening-on-anxiety-and-physiological-responses-in-patients-undergoing-awake-craniotomy
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pao-Yuan Wu, Mei-Lin Huang, Wen-Ping Lee, Chi Wang, Whei-Mei Shih
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of music listening on the level of anxiety and physiological responses for awake craniotomy. METHODS: An experimental design with randomization was applied in this study. Participants in experimental group (19 patients) selected and listened music at their preferences in the waiting room and throughout the entire surgical procedure in addition to usual care while control group (19 patients) only gave usual care...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591021/error-management-in-emergency-surgery-and-music-fight-flight-or-freeze
#5
Jacopo Martellucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#6
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459792/collaborative-quality-improvement
#7
Amy N Luckenbaugh, David C Miller, Khurshid R Ghani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Quality improvement collaboratives were developed in many medical and surgical disciplines with the goal of measuring and improving the quality of care provided to patients. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of surgical quality improvement collaboratives, and in particular those aimed at improving urological care. RECENT FINDINGS: Quality improvement collaboratives collect high-quality data using standardized methodologies, and use the data to provide feedback to physicians and practices, and then implement processes to improve patient outcomes...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452603/effects-of-music-therapy-under-general-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#8
Mohamed Kahloul, Salah Mhamdi, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Ahmed Nadhir Sfeyhi, Mohamed Azzaza, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
BACKGROUND: Music therapy, an innovative approach that has proven effectiveness in many medical conditions, seems beneficial also in managing surgical patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate its effects, under general anesthesia, on perioperative patient satisfaction, stress, pain, and awareness. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind study conducted in the operating theatre of visceral surgery at Sahloul Teaching Hospital over a period of 4 months...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424401/-the-map-of-auditory-function
#9
So Fujimoto, Yutaka Komura
Brodmann areas 41 and 42 are located in the superior temporal gyrus and regarded as auditory cortices. The fundamental function in audition is frequency analysis; however, the findings on tonotopy maps of the human auditory cortex were not unified until recently when they were compared to the findings on inputs and outputs of the monkey auditory cortex. The auditory cortex shows plasticity after conditioned learning and surgery of cochlear implant. It is also involved in speech perception, music appreciation, and auditory hallucination in schizophrenia through interactions with other brain areas, such as the thalamus, frontal cortex, and limbic systems...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399026/the-effects-of-music-on-microsurgical-technique-and-performance-a-motion-analysis-study
#10
Afaaf Shakir, Arhana Chattopadhyay, Laurence S Paek, Rory B McGoldrick, Matthew D Chetta, Kenneth Hui, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Music is commonly played in operating rooms (ORs) throughout the country. If a preferred genre of music is played, surgeons have been shown to perform surgical tasks quicker and with greater accuracy. However, there are currently no studies investigating the effects of music on microsurgical technique. Motion analysis technology has recently been validated in the objective assessment of plastic surgery trainees' performance of microanastomoses. Here, we aimed to examine the effects of music on microsurgical skills using motion analysis technology as a primary objective assessment tool...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366171/4d-music-cmr-value-based-imaging-of-neonates-and-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Kim-Lien Nguyen, Fei Han, Ziwu Zhou, Daniel Z Brunengraber, Ihab Ayad, Daniel S Levi, Gary M Satou, Brian L Reemtsen, Peng Hu, J Paul Finn
BACKGROUND: 4D Multiphase Steady State Imaging with Contrast (MUSIC) acquires high-resolution volumetric images of the beating heart during uninterrupted ventilation. We aim to evaluate the diagnostic performance and clinical impact of 4D MUSIC in a cohort of neonates and infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Forty consecutive neonates and infants with CHD (age range 2 days to 2 years, weight 1 to 13 kg) underwent 3.0 T CMR with ferumoxytol enhancement (FE) at a single institution...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365803/effects-of-music-intervention-on-anxiety-and-pain-reduction-in-ambulatory-maxillofacial-and-otorhinolaryngology-surgery-a-descriptive-survey-of-27-cases
#12
Chafik Keilani, Nicolas Simondet, Ramzi Maalouf, Ahmet Yigitoglu, Alexandre Bougrine, Didier Simon, Isabelle Fligny
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine patients' opinion regarding listening to music before an ambulatory maxillofacial surgery and effects on anxiety and pain reduction. METHODS: This study was conducted on outpatients having a maxillofacial surgery between December 2015 and April 2016 at Poissy/Saint-Germain-en-Laye hospital (France). Patients listened with headphones to an easy-listening music in the operation theater before the first ambulation. A questionnaire including a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and anxiety was given to participants...
June 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260157/skilful-force-control-in-expert-pianists
#13
Takanori Oku, Shinichi Furuya
Dexterous object manipulation in skilful behaviours such as surgery, craft making, and musical performance involves fast, precise, and efficient control of force with the fingers. A challenge in playing musical instruments is the requirement of independent control of the magnitude and rate of force production, which typically vary in relation to loudness and tempo. However, it is unknown how expert musicians skilfully control finger force to elicit tones with a wide range of loudness and tempi. Here, we addressed this issue by comparing the variation of spatiotemporal characteristics of force during repetitive and simultaneous piano keystrokes in relation to the loudness and tempo between pianists and musically untrained individuals...
March 4, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257783/repeat-prostate-biopsy-practice-patterns-in-a-statewide-quality-improvement-collaborative
#14
Frank N Burks, Jonathan C Hu, Dinesh Telang, Alice Liu, Scott Hawken, Zack Montgomery, Susan Linsell, James E Montie, David C Miller, Khurshid R Ghani
PURPOSE: We examined rebiopsies in MUSIC (Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative) to understand adherence to guidelines recommending repeat prostate biopsy in patients with multifocal high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or atypical small acinar proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data on men undergoing repeat biopsy, practice patterns and cancer detection rates. Multivariate regression model was used to calculate the proportion of patients undergoing rebiopsy...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237530/evaluation-of-prostate-cancer-risk-calculators-for-shared-decision-making-across-diverse-urology-practices-in-michigan
#15
Gregory B Auffenberg, Selin Merdan, David C Miller, Karandeep Singh, Benjamin R Stockton, Khurshid R Ghani, Brian T Denton
OBJECTIVE: To compare the predictive performance of a logistic regression model developed with contemporary data from a diverse group of urology practices to that of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) Risk Calculator version 2.0. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With data from all first-time prostate biopsies performed between January 2012 and March 2015 across the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC), we developed a multinomial logistic regression model to predict the likelihood of finding high-grade cancer (Gleason score ≥7), low-grade cancer (Gleason score ≤6), or no cancer on prostate biopsy...
February 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120046/music-and-mind-in-memoriam-professor-carlo-alberto-pagni-md-phd-february-13-1931-march-1-2009
#16
Klaus R H von Wild
Carlo Alberto Pagni, born in La Spezia, Italy, on February 13, 1931, was an eminent and respected professor of neurosurgery and chairman of the neurosurgical clinic of the University of Turin from 1980 to 2003. He died on March 1, 2009. As a professor of neurology and neurological surgery he was renowned as an expert on vascular, tumor, and functional neurosurgery. Beyond the Italian Neurosurgical Society, he was the doyen of functional neurosurgery, specializing in motor cortex stimulation for the treatment of focal dystonia, Parkinson's disease, and postictal spasticity and pain...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#17
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038973/relaxation-training-and-postoperative-music-therapy-for-adolescents-undergoing-spinal-fusion-surgery
#18
Kirsten Nelson, Mary Adamek, Charmaine Kleiber
Spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis is one of the most painful surgeries experienced by adolescents. Music therapy, utilizing music-assisted relaxation with controlled breathing and imagery, is a promising intervention for reducing pain and anxiety for these patients. It can be challenging to teach new coping strategies to post-operative patients who are already in pain. This study evaluated the effects of introducing music-assisted relaxation training to adolescents before surgery. Outcome measures were self-reported pain and anxiety, recorded on 0-10 numeric rating scale, and observed behavioral indicators of pain and relaxation...
February 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009052/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-alleviating-pain-during-orthodontic-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Padhraig S Fleming, Hardus Strydom, Christos Katsaros, Lci MacDonald, Michele Curatolo, Piotr Fudalej, Nikolaos Pandis
BACKGROUND: Pain is prevalent during orthodontics, particularly during the early stages of treatment. To ensure patient comfort and compliance during treatment, the prevention or management of pain is of major importance. While pharmacological means are the first line of treatment for alleviation of orthodontic pain, a range of non-pharmacological approaches have been proposed recently as viable alternatives. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions to alleviate pain associated with orthodontic treatment...
December 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992027/music-listening-for-anxiety-relief-in-children-in-the-preoperative-period-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Mariana André Honorato Franzoi, Cristina Bretas Goulart, Elizabete Oliveira Lara, Gisele Martins
Objective: to investigate the effects of music listening, for 15 minutes, on the preoperative anxiety levels in children undergoing elective surgery in comparison with conventional pediatric surgical care. Method: randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study with 52 children in the preoperative period, aged 3 to 12 years, undergoing elective surgery and randomly allocated in the experimental group (n = 26) and control group (n = 26). Anxiety was assessed in both groups by the application of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and measurement of the physiological variables, upon arrival and 15 minutes after the first measurement...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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