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Lisette Stolk, Marieke I Bouwland-Both, Nina H van Mil, Nina H van Mill, Michael M P J Verbiest, Paul H C Eilers, Huiping Zhu, Lucina Suarez, André G Uitterlinden, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Folate deficiency is implicated in the causation of neural tube defects (NTDs). The preventive effect of periconceptional folic acid supplement use is partially explained by the treatment of a deranged folate-dependent one carbon metabolism, which provides methyl groups for DNA-methylation as an epigenetic mechanism. Here, we hypothesize that variations in DNA-methylation of genes implicated in the development of NTDs and embryonic growth are part of the underlying mechanism. In 48 children with a neural tube defect and 62 controls from a Dutch case-control study and 34 children with a neural tube defect and 78 controls from a Texan case-control study, we measured the DNA-methylation levels of imprinted candidate genes (IGF2-DMR, H19, KCNQ1OT1) and non-imprinted genes (the LEKR/CCNL gene region associated with birth weight, and MTHFR and VANGL1 associated with NTD)...
2013: PloS One
Alyssa J Pasquale, Björn M Reinhard, Luca Dal Negro
In this paper, we design and analyze concentric necklace nanolenses (CNNLs) which consist of metal nanoparticle dimers placed in the center of one or more concentric rings of plasmonic necklaces. We use three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulations, electron-beam lithography fabrication, dark-field scattering analysis, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) measurements to investigate the far-field scattering and near-field light localization properties of CNNLs. Using these methods, we show that CNNLs display far-field scattering properties that arise from coupling between the dimer and surrounding necklace(s), leading to two pronounced peaks in single-necklace CNNLs and three pronounced peaks in double-necklace CNNLs...
May 22, 2012: ACS Nano
M García, G F Sanz, F Arriaga, M L Pérez-Sirvent, M L Marty, M A Sanz
The results of "in vitro" culture of granulomonocytic precursor cells (CFU-GM) of the bone marrow from 44 patients were analysed in the present work. The correlation with the patient's haematological characteristics, their FAB subtypes (i.e., 6 cases of refractory anaemia (RA), 11 of acquired sideroblastic anaemia (ASA), 15 cases of refractory anaemia with excess blasts (RAEB), 5 cases of RAEB in transformation (RAEBT) and 7 cases of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML), and the survival were examined as well...
August 1991: Sangre
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